(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "A dictionary of universal biography of all ages and of all peoples"

:BMj±mf.immsxmims^^^i^s^^ 



§amell Uttimritir Pibtatg 



REFERENCE LIBRARY 



Books in this collection are for use in 
the Reference Room only 

Please return books to the shelves 
will n iiol in iiSt- 



H99 



CORNELL 

UNIVERSITY 

LIBRARY 




BOUGHT WITH THE INCOME 
OF THE SAGE ENDOWMENT 
FUND GIVEN IN 1 89 1 BY 

HENRY WILLIAMS SAGE 



m 




Cornell University 
Library 



The original of this book is in 
the Cornell University Library. 

There are no known copyright restrictions in 
the United States on the use of the text. 



http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924008259578 



A DICTIONARY OF 
UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 

OF ALL AGES AND OF ALL PEOPLES 



BY 



ALBERT M. HYAMSON, F.R.Hist.S. 

AUTHOR OF A DICTIONARY OF THE BIBLE 
A DICTIONARY OF ARTISTS AND ART-TERMS, ETC. 




LONDON: GEORGE ROUTLEDGE & SONS LTD. 

NEW YORK: E. P. BUTTON & CO. 
1916 



TO 

MY WIFE 



PREFACE 

FOR the true appreciation of events the student must know something of the 
personalities of those who have participated in them, and in many cases 
helped to shape them. A story that attempts to ignore the characters 
of the people who appear in it, and confines itself to occurrences, while 
ignoring, as far as that is possible, the motives, avowed and concealed, that 
supplied the impetus to those occurrences, tends to become a soulless, dead 
catalogue of events, instead of a narrative pulsating with human life, a record 
of the actions and sufferings, the hopes and fears of living men and women. 
The more the historian devotes himself to the human element in his subject, the 
more easily will he hold the attention of his readers, and gain an influence over 
them — the justifiable ambition of every writer. Biography is, therefore, for 
most people the most attractive form of history. It supplies all the advantages 
that belong to the larger science, and in addition brings the reader into intimate 
relationship with the people, the record of whose actions and of whose influence 
on contemporary life or thought is unrolled before him. In the average history 
of England the Duke of Wellington is merely an abstraction : in a biography of 
the great leader he becomes a human being. Again, in the former case, the 
nation or the state is the centre of interest ; in the latter it is the man himself 

The present work is not a volume of biography. It does not attempt to 
tell the life-story of any individual, or of any number of individuals. It is a 
guide to the biographies of, it may be said without exaggeration, every man or 
woman, not still alive, who has achieved eminence or prominence, from the dawn 
of history until this day in the twentieth century on which this preface is being 
written. The work covers all countries and all generations. An endeavour has 
been made to include every one whose work or whose memory can be said to have 
survived until to-day, in the scheme of the undertaking. In order to confine a 
work of this description within manageable limits, it has not been possible to 
give more than the barest details of the lives of the men and women with whom 
it deals. The author in laying down the lines on which this work was to be 
constructed, put before himself the ideal of ' one person one line.' It will be 
seen that he has departed from this ideal on many occasions, but he has always 
striven to keep very close to it. The nationality, country of adoption, and 
profession of his subject have been given in every instance. Wherever possible 
he has added the years of birth and death, but when these latter could not be 
traced, the period of activity has been stated. In some instances also, especially 
in the case of writers, the principal work or works have been mentioned. The 



vi PREFACE 

prime object of the author has, however, always been to include as many uimits 
as possible, and he has never hesitated to sacrifice details to the exigencies of 
space, so that room might be found for additional names. 

The present work, which not only includes far more names than does any 
other in existence, but may claim without hesitation to deal with more in- 
dividuals than the aggregate of any score of other works, is intended primarily 
for readers and students who wish to learn more of the actors or thinkers whom 
they meet in the course of their reading. To them this work should prove 
a ready means of reference. It should open for them instantaneously the 
lock that guards the whole of the biographical literature on the subject of the 
person in whom they are interested. For instance, if in the course of his 
reading a student comes across the name of GOTTFRIED Wilhelm Fink, and 
wishes to learn more about him, he can by reference to this volume without 
difficulty find the following entry: 'Fink, Qottf. Wilh., "Gust. Edinhard " : 
Germ, writer on music and theol., 1783-1846.' If he desires further information, 
the list of authorities that follows this preface will tell him that, as a German, 
Fink's biography is to be found in the Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie, and as 
a writer on music in Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians. If he wishes 
to pursue the subject still further, the bibliographies supplied by those works of 
reference will assist him. As another instance, GEORGE Harley, who appears 
in the following pages as 'Eng. water-colour painter, 1791-1871,' should be 
found in the Dictionary of National Biography, and also in Bryan's Dictionary 
of Painters and Engravers. 

Other biographical dictionaries have dealt more fully with their subjects, 
but their fields have always been more limited, even though they extended 
to scores of volumes. The great national dictionaries of biography confine 
themselves to men and women born or active in the countries to which they 
relate. The great class dictionaries, such as Bryan or Grove, are careful not 
to wander outside the fields of activity which they have marked out for them- 
selves. The great international dictionaries, such as RoSE or CHALMERS, took 
the world as their province. Necessity, however, compelled them to be eclectic. 
If they had attempted to be as exhaustive as the present work they would have 
been extended to hundreds of volumes. The largest biographical work in 
existence has not a tithe of the entries which this volume contains. 

A. M. H. 
jst October igJS- 



LIST OF WORKS CONSULTED 

Dictionary of National Biography. 72 vols. 1885-1912. 

Biographic Nationale Belgique. 20 vols. 1866-1910. 

AUgemeine Deutsche Biographic. 56 vols. 1875-1912. 

Biographisch Woordenbuch der Nederlanden. 21 vols. 1852-1875. 

M. Delvenne's Biographic du Royaume des Pays-Bas. 2 vols. 1829. 

Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography. 7 vols. 1888-1900. 

Joseph living's Book of Scotsmen. 1881. 

Alfred Webb's Compendium of Irish Biography. 1878. 

Robert Williams' Biographical Dictionary of Em.inent Welshmen. 1852. 

Philip Mennell's Dictionary of Australian Biography. 1892. 

C. E. Buckland's Dictionary of Indian Biography. 1906. 
Biographic Universelle. 45 vols. 1843. 

Hoefer's Nouvelle Biographic Generate. 46 vols. 1855-1866. 

Angelo de Gubernatis' Dizionarie Biographico. 2 vols. 1879-1880. 

Phillips' Dictionary of Biographical Reference. 1889. 

Thompson Cooper's New Biographical Dictionary. 1873. 

'Ss)'s,€% New General Biographical Dictionary. 12 vols. 1857. 

J. F. Waller's Imperial Dictionary of Universal Biography. 3 vols. 1877-1884. 

ChdXmtrs,' General Biographical Dictionary. 32 vols. 1812-1817. 

Haydn's Universal Index of Biography. 1870. 

W. L. R. Gates' A Dictionary of General Biography. 1881. 

J.Thomas' The Universal Dictionary of Biography and Mythology. 2 vols. 1887. 

Dictionary of Architecture. 8 vols. 1856-1892. 

Gxoye's i>ictionary of Music and Musicians. 5 vols. 1904-1910. 

Bryan's Dictionary of Painters and Engravers. 5 vols. 1903-1905. 

S. Redgrave's Dictionary of Artists. 1890. 

F. J. Fbtis' Biographic Universelle des Musiciens. 8 vols. i860. 

William Munk's Roll of the Royal College of Physicians. 3 vols. 1878. 

William Munk's The Gold-Headed Cane. 1884. 

de Gubernatis' Dictionnaire International des Ecrivains du Jour. 2 vols. 1888-1891. 

Edward Yo%^% Judges of England. 9 vols. 1848-1869. 

D. E. Baker's Biographia Dramatica. 2 vols. 1812. 
W. Pokel's Philologisches Schriftsteller Lexicon. 1882. 
L. C. Sanders' Celebrities of the Century. 1890. 

T. Humphry Ward's Men of the Reign. 1885. 

Frederic Boase's Modern English Biography. 5 vols. 1892-1912. 

Vapereau's Dictionnaire Universcl des Contcmporains. 2 vols. 1893-1895. 

Men and Women of the Time. 1899. 

J. Henniker Heaton's Australian Dictionary of Dates and Men of the Time. 1879. 

E. M. Oettinger's Moniteur des Dates. 9 vols. 1866-1882. 

F. A. ¥.dii%X.&\riS Nomcnclator Philologorum. 1871. 
Woodward and Gates' Encyclopedia of Chronology. 1872. 

Sir W. Smith's Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 3 vols. 

G. E. C.'s Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, and Great Britain. 6 vols 

1887-1895. 
Sir J. B. Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of 

the British Empire. 
Encyclopcedia Britannica. 28 vols. 1910. 
British Museum Catalogue. 
The Times. 
The Annual Register. 



TABLE OF ABBREVIATIONS 



Adolpl 



Abig.= Abigail. 
Abr. = Abraham. 
Ad. = Adolphus, 

Adolphe. 
Adj. = Adjutant. 
Adin.= Admiral. 
Admin. = Administrate; ' 
jEgyptol. = Egyptologist. 
Afr.=Airica, African., 
Agrioult. = Agriculturist. 
Alb. = Albert. ; « 

Alban.= Albanian. i- 
Aless. = Alessandro. 
Alex. = Alexander. 
Alf.= Alfred. 
Alg.= Algernon. 
Alieg. = Allegorical. 
Alph. = Alphonae. 
Alsat. = Alsatian. 
Ambr. = Ambrose. 
Amer.= American. ' 
Anat. = Anatomist. 
And. = Andrew, Andre, 
Angl. = Anglican. 
Anim. = Animal. 
Ant. = Anthony, Aatoine," 

Antonio. \'e- , y. ■ 

Anthropol. = Anthrop^^Sgi^! 
Antiq. = Antiquary. V'' "^fi 
Arab. = Arabic, Arabfen. 
Arch. = Archibald. 
Archasol. = ArchaeologiSti 
Aichbp. = Archbisho'"' 
Aroht. = Architect. 
Arithmet. = Arithmei 
Armen. = Armenian. 
Arn.= Arnold. 
Arth. = Arthur. 
Asst. = Assistant. 
Astrol. = Astrologer. 
Astron. = Astronom< 
Athan. = Athanasiu; 
Athen. = Athenian. 
Att. -Gen. = Attorni 
Aug. = Augustus, 

Auguate. 
Aur. = Aurelius. 
Austr.= Austrian, r 
Austral. =Australia4.. , 
Autobiog. = AutobiiL*P''®^- .. 



B 

b. = born. 
Ball. = Balliol. 
Balth. = Balthazar. 
Bapt.= Baptist, Baptiste. 
Bar. = Baron. 

Bart.=Bartholomew, Barthol- 
ome. 

ta.tt. = Battista. 
gf\^ = Bavarian. 
Eqlg.= Belgian. ' 
Bqn. = Benjamin. 
Belnef . = Benefactor. 

|rn. = Bernard. 
_. il.=Biblical. 
BipUog. = Bibliographer. 
Bio2.=Biographer. 
. -Bfelr. — Builder. 

i -Bjlihem. = Bohemian. 
* ' J^liv. = Boli%'ian. 
. ^^on. —Hontipinte. 
**•? T ; apt. = Botanist. 
■ Bp.= Bishop. 
Bipaz. = BraziUau. 
Birig.-Gen. = Brigadier-General. 
^it.= British, 
'z. = Byzantine. 





,=Caius. 

amb. = Cambridge, 
knad. = Canadian, 
apt. = Captain. 
ft j^''«o'ine. 
Oard. = 0airlinal. 
"laricat. = Carica-Uu?iat, 

arthag. = Carthaginian. 
_vasp.= Caspar. 
Cath. = Catherine. 
Cath. = Cathedral. 
Gath.= Catholic. 
^ent. = Central, 
/banc. = Chancellor. 
'.hapl. = Chaplain. 
!harl. = Charlotte. 
!has. = Charles. 
'Chem. = Chemist. 
Chev. = Chevalier. 
Chf. = Chief. 
■Chil. = Chilian. 



Chin. = Chinese. 

Chr. = Christi. 

Christ. = Christian. 

Chron. =^ Chronicler. 

Chronol. = Chronologist. 

Cin. = Cinctnnatus . 

Civ. ser?. = Civil servant. 

Class. = Classical. 

Clem. = Clement. 

Col. = Colonel. 

Col. Gov. = Colonial Governor. 

Coll. = College. 

Golomb. = Colombian. 

Com. = Commander. 

Corned. = Comedian. 

Comm. = Commons. 

Comment. = Commentator. 

Commiss. = Commissioner. 

Con. = Conrad. 

Conchol. = Conohologist. 

Confed. = Confederate. 

Cong. = Congress. 

Congreg. = Congregational. 

Conq. = Conqueror. 

Consp. = Conspirator. 

Const. = Constable, Constautine. 

Cont. = Continental. 

Controvers. = Controversialist. 

Conv. = Convent. 

Corn. = Cornelius. 

Corp. = Corpus. 

Counc. = Councillor. 

Ct. = Count. 

Ctss. = Countess. 



D 

Da. = Daughter. 

Dan. = Daniel. 

Dan. = Danish. 

Dauph. = Dauphin. 

Dav.= David. 

Decl. = Declaration. 

De V. = Devotional. 

Diet. = Dictionary. 

Diplom. = Diplomatist. 

Dir.= Director. 

Div. = Divine. 

Dk. = Duke. 

Dom. =Domenico, Dominic. 

Domin. = Dominican. 



TABLE OP ABBREVIATIONS 



Don. = Donald. 
Dram. = Dramatist. 
Dune. = Duncan. 
Dy.= Deputy. 

E 

E. = Eastern. 

Ea. = Earl. 

Eben. = Ebenezer. 

Eccles. = Ecclesiastic, ecclesi- 
astical. 

Econ. = Economist. 

Ed. = Editor, Edouard. 

Edm. = Edmund, Edmond. 

Educat.= Educational, educa- 
tionist. 

Edw. = Edward. 

Egypt. = Egyptian. 

Egyptol. = Egyptologist. 

Eleetr. = Electrician, electrical. 

Eliz. = Elizabeth. 

Em. = Emile. 

Eman. = Emanuel. 

Emm. = Emmanuel. 

Emp. = Emperor. 

Eng. = English. 

Engin. = Engineer. 

Engrav. = Engraver. 

Entomol. = Entomologist. 

Ephr. = Bphraim. 

Episcop. = Episcopalian. 

Ern. = Ernest, Ernst. 

Eug. = Eugene. 

Eu,st. = Eustace. 

Excheq. = Exchequer. 

Expl. = Explorer. 



Fab. = Fabius. 

Pan. = Fanny. 

Fa V. = Favourite. 

Fes. = Francis. 

Fdr. = Pounder. 

Fel.=FeBx. 

Perd. = Ferdinand. 

Fern. = Fernando. 

Pil.=Fi]ippo. 

Financ. = Financier. 

Fid. -Marsh. = Field-Marshal. 

Flem.= Flemish. 

Plor., Florent. = Florentine. 

For. = Foreign. 

Fr.= French. 

Franc. = Francesco, Francisco. 

Fran9. = Fran9ois. 

Frk.= Frank. 

Fred. =Frederiok. 

Fred. == Frederic. 

Pried. = Priedrich. 

Frnd. = Friend. 

F.R.S.=Fellow, Royal Society. 



G 



Gab. = Gabriel. 
Gasp. = Gaspar. 



Gast. = Gaston. 
Gen. = General. 
Geneal. = Genealogist. 
Geo. = George. 
Geof . = Geoffrey. 
Geog. = Geographer. 
Geol.= Geological, geologist. 
Geom. = Geometrician. 
Ger. = Gerard. 
Gerh. = Gerhard. 
Germ. == German. , 
Geron. = Geronimo. 
Gilb. = Gilbert. 
Gio V. = Giovanni. 
Gius. = Giuseppe. 
Godf. = Godfrey. 
Gonz. = Gonzalo. 
Gottt. = Gottfried. 
Gov. = Governor. 
Govt. = Government. 
Gram. = Grammarian. 
Grd. = Grand. 
Greg. = Gregory. 
Grk:= Greek. " 
Guil. = GuiUaume. 
Gust. = Gustavus, Gustav, 
Gustavo. 



H 



iBdis 



! 



H.E.I.C.= Hon. East 
Company. 

Hagiog. = Hagiographer. 

Han. = Hano verian. 

Heb. = Hebrew. 

Hect. = Hector. 

Hein. = Heinrich. 

Hen. = Henri. 

Hend. = Hendrik. 

Herb. = Herbert. 

Herm. = Hermann. 

Hern. = Hernando. 

Hess. = Hessian. 

Hieron. = Hieronymus. 

Hip. = Hipolito. 

Hipp. = Hippolyte. 

Hist. = Historian, historical, (j. 

Histol. = Histologist. >• 

Ho. = House. 

Holl. = Holland. 

Hon. = Honourable, Honor^. ' 

Hor. = Horace. . , 

Horticult. = H'oii;iculturist, hor- 
ticultural, 

Hoso. = Hospital. \' 

Hse.' of Coms. = House of Com^ 
mens. 

Humph. = Humphrey. 

Hung. = Hungarian. 

Hy. = Henry. i 

Hydrog. = Hydrographer. 

Hyp. = Hypolite. 



Ichthyol. = Ichthyologist. 
Ign.= Ignatius. 



Imm. = Immanuel. 

Ind.= Indian. 

Indep. = Independence. 

Insp. = Inspector. 

InT. = Inventor. 

Is. = Island. 

Ital.= Italian. 



J 

Jac,= Jacob. 
Jak:=Jakob. 
Jas.=James. 
Jav.=Javier. 
Jeff.= Jefferson. 
Jim. = Jimenez. 
Jno.=John. 
Joach. = .Joachim. 
Joli.=Johann. 
Jon. = Jonathan. 
Jos. = Joseph. 
Josh. = Joshua. 
Journ. = Journalist. 
Jul. = Julius. 
•Jufet.=Justice. 

: K 

■Kasp.=1Caspar. 
K' s d£. = Katherine. 

Fg.-=iyiig. 

Eon.=|lonrad. 

Ft.=Kn(ight. 



i.^iVia 



LaUib. ^•iambert. 

Lands. = Landscape. 

Lat.=L4in. 

Laur. = fturence. 

rjawr;=^^K.wrence. 

La.=La 

Leg. =^^Rslature, legislator. 

Leon. ^I^^KDnard . 

Leop. = Leopold . 

Lew. = Lewis. 

Lexicog. =s^exicographer. 

Libr. = Librarian. 

Lieut. = ifeutenant. 

Linc.iiaKoln. 

Li«n.=^Lioi^el. 

'Lit. = Liti»ture. 

ttoj., '" 

Lt.-Col. j'SSeutonant-CoIonel. 

Lud.=Li'jWico. 
Ludw.= l,u1„ig, 



M 
M.=Marc\g 

■^bishop. %*''°'^^=* Episcopal 




TABLE OF ABBREVIATIONS 



M.L.C.= Member of Legislative 
Council. 

M.P.= Member of Parliament. 

Marl. =Madeleine. 

Maced. = Macedonian. 

Maj. = Major. 

Man. = Manager. 

Man. = Manuel. 

Manuf . = Manufacture, manufac- 
turer. 

Marg. = Margaret. 

Marq.=Marquis. 

Marsh. = Marshal. 

Mart. = Martin. 

Mass. = Massachusetts. 

Mat. = Matilda. 

Math.=Mathew. 

Mathem. = Mathematician. 

Matth.= Matthew. 

Maur. = Maurice. 

Max. = Maximilian. 

Meoh.= Mechanical, mechanic. 

Med. = Medical. 

Medall. = Medallist. 

Melch. = Melchior. 

Memb.= Member. 

MetaU. = Metallurgist. 

Metaph. = Metaphysician. 

Meteorol. = Meteorologist. 

Mex.= Mexico, Mexican. 

Mgr. = Monsignor. 

Mich. = Michael. 

]\Iig.= Miguel. 

Mil. = Military. 

Min.= Miniature, minister. 

Mineral. = Mineralogist. 

Miscell. = Miscellaneous. 

Miss. = Missionary. 

Mistr. = Mistress. 

Mod. = Modenese. 

Moham. = Mohammedan. 

Mor.=Moritz. 

Mora V. = Mora vian. 

Mos.= Moses. 

Mtns. = Mountains. 

Mus. comp. = Musical composer. 

Mus. cond.= Musical conductor. 

Music. =Musioian. 

Myr.=Mayor. 

N 

N. = Northern. 

N.S.W.=New South Wales. 

N.Y.=New York. 

N.Z. = New Zealand. 

Nap. = Napoleon. 

Narc.= Narcissus. , 

Nat. = Naturalist, nWional. 

Nath. = Nathaniel. 

Nav.= Naval. 

Neap. = Neapolitan., 

Nic.=Nioolaus, Nicolas. 

Nich.= Nicholas, t 

Nik.=Nikolaus. 

Nonconf . = Nonconformist. 

Nor w. = Norwegian. | 



Nov. = Novelist. 
Numismat. = Numismatist. 



0.M. = 0rder of Merit. 
Oct. = Octavius, Octave. 
Off. = Officer. 
Org. = Organist. 
Orient. = Orientalist. 
Ornith. = Ornithologist. 
Oxf. = Oxford. 



P.E. bp. = Protestant Episcopal 
bishop. 

Pa. = Pennsylvania. 

Palaeog. = Palseographist. 

Palaeont. = Palaeontologist. 

Pari. = Parliament, parliamen- 
tary, parliamentarian. 

Pat. = Patrick. 

Patr. = Patriarch. 

Pee. = Prince. 

Pcess. = Princess. 

Ped.= Pedro. 

Per. =Peru vian. 

Pers.= Persian. 

Pet. = Peter. 

PhU.= Philip. 

Philanth. =" Philanthropist. 

Philol.= Philologist. 

Philos. = Philosopher. 

Physiol. = Physiologist. 

Physn. = Plj^sician. 

Plan. = Pianist. 

Pntr.= Painter. 

Pol. = Polish. 

Pol. = Political, politician. 

Polem. = Polemical. 

Port. = Portrait. 

Port. =Portugiiese. 

Prebend. = Prebendary. 

Prem. = Premier. 

Pres. = President. 

Presby t. = Presbyterian. 

Princ. = Principal. 

Prof. = Professor. 

Prop. = Proprietor. 

Prot. = Protestant. 

Prov.= Provincial, Province. 

Pruss. = Prussian. 

Pub.=Publius. 

Pug. = Pugilist. 



Q 



Qn. = Queen. 
Qu. = Quintus. 

K 

R.A.= Royal Academician. 
R.C.= Roman Catholic. 
Rand. = Randolph. 
Raph. = Raphael. 



Rear-Adm. = Rear-Admiral. 
Reb.= Rebecca. 
Reg.=Reginald. 
Rel. = Religious. 
Rep. = Republic, Republican. 
Res. = Research. 
Reub. = Reuben. 
Revol. = Revolutionary, revolu- 
tionist. 
Rhetor. = Rhetorician. 
Rich. = Richard. 
Rly.= Railway. 
Rob. = Robert. 
Rod. = Roderick. 
Rog.= Roger. 
Rol.= Roland. 
Rom. = Roman. 
Ron. = Ronald. 
Roy. = Royal. 
Rud. = Rudolph. 
Russ. = Russian. 



S. = South. 

S.S. = Steamship. 

Sacr. == Sacred. 

Sam. = Samuel. 

San. = Sanitary. 

Sat. = Satirical. 

Scand. = Scandina'V'ian. 

Sehl. = School. 

Schol. = Scholar. 

Scient. = Scientist. 

Scot. = Scottish. 

Sculp. = Sculptor. 

Seb. = Sebastian. 

Sec. = Secretary. 

Seign. == Seigneur. 

Sid. = Sidney. 

Sig.==Sigismund, Sigmund. 

Sis. = Sister. 

Soc.= Society. 

Social. = Socialist. 

Sociol. = Sociologist. 

Sol. = Solomon. 

Sold. = Soldier. 

Soph. = Sophia. 

Span. = Spanish. 

Srgt. = Sergeant. 

St. = Saint. 

Statesm. = Statesman. 

Statist. = Statistician. 

Steph. = Stephen. 

Sup. = Superior. 

Super. = Superintendent. 

Surg. = Surgeon. 

Sur V. = Surveyor. 

Swed. = Swedish. 



Tact. = Tactician. 
Tarq. = Tarquinius. 
Temp. = Temperance. 
Tenn. = Tennessee. 
Teod. = Teodoro. 



TABLE OF ABBREVIATIONS 



Thad.=Thaddeus. 
Theat. = Theatrical. 
Theod.= Theodore. 
Theol. = Theologian. 
Theoph. = Theophilus. 
Theosoph. = Theosophist. 
Th&.=Th6rfese. 
Thos.= Thomas. 
Tim. = Timothy. 
Topog. = Topographer. 
Trag. = Tragedian. 
Trans. = Translator. 
Trav. = Traveller. 
Treas. = Treasurer. 
Trin.= Trinity. 
Turk. = Turkish. 

U 
U.S.=United States. 



Unit. = Unitarian. 
Uni V. = University. 
Up. = Upper. 



Val. = Valentine. 

Vat. = Vatican. 

Venet. = Venetian. 

Venez. = Venezuelan. 

Vet. = Veterinary. 

Vie. = Viceroy. 

Vioe-Pres. = Vice-President. 

Vict. = Victor. 

Vine. = Vincent. 

Viol. = Violinist. 

Visct. = Viscount. 

Visctss. = Viscountess. 

Voc.= Vocalist. 



W 

W. = Western. 
W.I.=West Indies. 
Walt.=Walter. 
Wash. = Washington. 
Wat. col. = Water colour. 
Westph. = Westphalian. 
Wilh.=Wilhelm. 
Wm.=WiUiam. 
Wms. = WiUiams. 
Wr. = Writer. 



Xav.=Xavier. 



Z 
Zool. = Zoologist. 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL 
BIOGRAPHY 

{An asterisk (*) affixed to a date intimates that the year is approximate.) 



AA 



ABBOTT 



Aa, Christ. Chas. Hy. van der : Dutch schol., 1718-92. 

ABj Peter van der : Dutch jurist, -1594. 

Aa, Pet. van der : Dutch publisher, -1730*. 

Aachen (Aach), Joh. von : German pntr., 1552-1615. 

Aagard, Christ. : Danish Latin poet, 1616-1664. 

Aagard, Niels : Danish philosopher, 1512-1657. 

Aagesen, And.: Danish jurist, 1826-1879. 

Aagesen, Sweyn : See Sueno Agonis Fllius. 

Aali, Mehemet ; Turkish statesman, 1815-1871. 

Aall : See Mustafa Ben Achmed B.A.M. 

Aalst : See Aelst. 

Aare, Dirk van der : Bp. and Ld. of Utrecht, -1212. 

Aaron, St. : British martyr, -303. 

Aaron, St. : founder of 1st monastery in Bretagne, 

-528*. 
Aaron, the Levite : Span, rabbinical wr., 3, 13th cent, 
Aaron, Pietro : Florentine monk, fl. 1521. 
Aaron AMob: rabbi and commentator of Salonica, 

fl. 1540. 
Aaron-Acharon, Caraite rabbi : ' Garden of Eden,' 

fl. 1346. 
Aaron Ibn Hayyim : Moroccan Biblical and Talmudic 

commentator, -1632, 

Aaron Ben Joseph Sason : Jewish rabbi and writer 

of Salonica, -1608. 

Aaron, Margalitha : Christianized Jew, fl. 1217. 
Aaron, Pietro; Italian monk and writer on music, 

fl. 1490*. 
Aaron, Sam.; American educationist, 1800-1865. 
Aarsehot, Phil, von Cray, Duke of: -1595. 
Aarsens, Pieter : See Aerfcsen. 
Aarssens, Frans van : Dutch diplom. and statesman, 

1572-1641. 
Aartjen van Leiden : See Claessen, Aartjen. 
Aartsen (Aarsens), Pieter: {' Lange Peer'), Dutch 

painter, 1507-1573. 
Aartsz, Eijkaert : Dutch painter, 1482-1577*. 
Aasen, Ivar: Norwegian philologist and lexico- 
grapher, 1813-1896. 
Abacco, Antonio d" : Italian architect, fl. 1558. 
AbacD, Evaristo Felice Dall': Italian violinist and 

musical composer, 1675-1742. 
Abad or Abadiano, Diego Jos6 : Mexican poet,1727-79. 
Abadie, Eug. H. : American surgeon, 1814-1874. 
Abadie, Hy. Hich. : British general, 1841-1915. 
Abad y Queipo, Man. : Spanish bishop, 1775-1824. 
Abancourt, Chas. Xav. Jos. de FranqueviJle d': French 

statesman, 1758-1792. 
Abano (Apono), Pietro d* : Italian philosopher, 

astrologer and physician, 1250-1316. 
Abarbanel, Isaac : See Abrabanel. 
Abarea, F. A. Ethenard y : See Ethenard. 
Abarca, Maria de : Span. min. and port.pntr., -1656. 
Abaris (Mythic) : Hyperborean priest, fl. B.C. 768*. 
Abascal, Jos6 Fern. : Span. Vic. of Peru, 1743-1821. 
Abasgi : Christian convert, 6th cent. 
Abasolo, Mariano : Mexican patriot, 1780-1811. 
Abate : See Abbate. 
Abate, Andrea : See Belvedere. 
Abatini : See Abbatini. 

Abauzit, Firrain : Fr, critic and scholar, 1679-1767. 
Abba, Gins. Cesare : Italian patriot, poet and senator, 

1838-1910. 
Abba Arika : Babylonian rabbi, -247. 
Abba Mari : Fr. rabbi, poet and jurist, fl. 1303-06. 
Abbadie, Ant. Thomson d' ' Irish-Fr. astronomer and 

writer on Brsizil and Abyssinia, 1810-1897. 
Abbadie, D.: Governor of Louisiana, 1710-1765. 



Abbadie, Jacques : Dean of Killaloe, Swiss-English 

religious and political writer, 1654*-1727. 
Abbas: uncle of Mohammed, -652*. 
Abbas I. : Shah of Persia, ' The Great,' 1557-1629*. 
Abbas II. : Shah of Persia, 1629-1666. 
Abbas III. : Shah of Persia. -1736. 

Abbas Mirza: Prince of Persia, 1783*-1833. 
Abbas Paeha : Viceroy of Egypt, 1813-1854, 
Abbate (Abbati), Ercole dell' ; Modenese painter, 

1563*-1613. 
Abbate (Abbati), Niccolo (Niccolino) : Modenese 

fresco painter, 1512-1571. 
Abbate (Abbati), Pietro Paolo : Modenese battle 

painter, -1575*. 
Abbate (Abbati), Pietro Paolo, jun. ; Modenese 

painter, 1592-1630. 
Abbati, Gins. : Neapolitan painter, 1836-1868. 
Abbatini, Ant. Maria : Italian mnsician and writer 

on music, 1605*-1677. 
Abbatini, Guido Ubaldo : Italian historical fresco 

pamter, 1600*-1656. 
Abb6, Hendrik : Flemish engraver, painter and 

architect, 1639*-pofi« 1670. 
Abb§, Phil, Pierre de St, Sevin : Fr. mus., 18th cent. 
Abb6, Pierre de St. Sevin : Fr. musician, 18th cent. 
Abbeville, Claude : Fr. miss, in Brazil, -1632. 

Abbey, Edwin Austin : Amer.-Eng. pntr., 1852-1911. 
Abbey, Jno. : English organ-builder, 1785-1859. 
Abbey, Bich. : Amer. divine and author, 1805-1891. 
AbbiatI, Fflippo ; Ital. painter in fresco, 1640-1715. 
Abbiati, Gins. : Milanese designer and engraver, 

18th century. 
Abbiati, Paolo Maria : Milanese engraver, 17th cent. 
Abbo Cernuus : French liistorian, -923. 
Abbo Florlacensls : French scholar, abbot of Fleury, 

945*-1004. 
Abbon, of Fleury : See Abbo Floriacensis. 
Abbot, Abie! : American divine, 1765-1859. 
Abbot, Abiel : American divine, 1770-1828. 
Abbot, Ben. ; American educationist, 1762-1849. 
Abbot, Chas. : English botanist, -1817. 
Abbot, Chas. : 1st Baron Colchester : Speaker of 

House of Commons, 1757-1829. 
Abbot, Ezra : American Biblical scholar, 1819-1884. 
Abbot, Geo. : Archbishop of Canterbury, benefactor 

and religious writer, 1562-1633. 
Abbot, Geo. : English parliamentarian and religious 

writer, 1603-1648. 
Abbot, Joel : American physician, 1766-1826. 
Abbot, Joel : American naval officer, 1793-1855. 
Abbot, Jno. : English poet, fl. 1623. 
Abbot, Jno. W. : Eng. landscape pntr., fl. 1793-1810, 
Abbot, Jos, Hale : American educatioiiist, 1802-1873. 
Abbot, Sir Maurice (Morris) : Ensjlish merchant, Lord 

Myr. of London and dir. of E. India Co., 1565-1642. 
Abbot, Rob. : Bishop of Salisbury, 1560-1617. 
Abbot, Bob. : English Puritan divine, 1588*-1662*. 
Abbot, Sam. : American pliilanthropist, 1732-1812. 
Abbot, Sam. : American inventor, 1786-1839. 
Abbot, "Wm. : Eng. actor and dramatist, 1798-1843. 
Abbott, Aug. : British artillery officer, 1804-1867. 
Abbott, Austin : American lawyer, 1831-1896. 
Abbott, Ben. : American divine, 1732-1796. 
Abbott, Ben. Vaughan : Amer. lawyer, 1830-1890. 
Abbott, Chaa. : 1st Baron Tenterden, Lord Chief 

Justice, 1762-1832. 
Abbott, Chas. Stuart Aubrey : 3rd Baron Tenterden, 
government official, 1834-1882. 



ABBOTT 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



ABOUT 



Abbott, Edw. Singleton : sub-dean of Chapel Koyal, 

Dublin, -1865. 
Abbott, Edwin; English educationist, 1808-1882. 
Abbott, Emma : American singer, 1849-1891. 
Abbott, Evelyn : Eng. classical scholar, 1843-1901. 
Abbott, Fes. Lemuel : Eng. port, pntr., 1760-1803. 
Abbott, Sir Fred. : Brit, maj.-gen. R.E., 1805-1892. 
Abbott, Gorham Dummer : Amer. educat., 1807-74. 
Abbott, Hor. ; American manufacturer, 1806- . 
Abbott, Jacob ; Amer. wr. for the young, 1803-79. 
Abbott, Sir Jas. : British general, 1807-1896. 
Abbott, Jno. Jos. Caldwell : Canad. statesm., 1821-93. 
Abbott, Jno. Stevens Cabot : American historical 

writer, 1805-1877. 
Abbott, Jos. : Canadian missionary, 1789-1863. 
Abbott, Jos. C. : American journalist, 1825-1882. 
Abbott, Keith Edw. : British consul-gen., -1873. 
Abbott, Lemuel : English priest and poet, -1776. 
Abbott, Lemuel Fes. : Eng. portrait pntr., 1760-1803. 
Abbott, Hob. Osborne : Amer. surgeon, 1824-1867. 
Abbott, Uob. Palmer : Australian pojitician, fl. 1885. 
Abbott, Saunders Alexius : British general, -1894. 
Abbott, Thos. Eastoe ; English poet, 1779-1854. 
Abbott, Thos. Kingsmill : Irish scholar, philosopher 

and Biblical scholar, 1829-1913. 
Abbt, Thos. : German writer, 1738-1766. 
Abdallab-Ben-Abdelmottalib : father of Mahomet, 

645*-570. 
AbdallatU: Arab, philos., physn. and trav., 1162-1231. 
Abdalmalek ; Ommiad Caliph of Damascus (685-705), 

-705. 
Abdas : Bisliop of Susa, -414. 
Abd-el-Kader : Bey of Mascara, 1807*-1883. 
Abd-el-Mumen : Almohade Prince, 1101(2)-1163. 
Abd-el-Bahman : Governor in Spain, -732. 
Abd-el-Wahab : fndr. of the Wahabites, 1692-1787. 
Abderabman I. : fndr. of Cordova Caliphate, 756-788. 
Abderahman II. : Caliph of Cordova, 822-852. 
Abderabman III. : Caliph of Cordova, 912-961. 
Abderahman IV. : Caliph of Cordova, -1021. 
Abderahman V. : Caliph of Cordova, -1023. 
Abdou, Sheikh Mohamed : Grand Mufti of Egypt, 

-1905. 
Abdul Ahmed : See Abd-xiI-Hamid. 
Abdul Aziz : Sultan of Turkey, 1830-1876. 
Abdul Hak, Dilar Jung ul Mulk : ^ndian official, 

1853-1896. 
Abdul Hamid I. : Sultan of Turkey, 1726-1788. 
Abdul-lahi ben Said Mohammed: the Khalifa 

Sudanese pretender, 1844-1899. 
Abdul Latif, Nawab Bahadur : Indian Mohammedan 

official and adviser, 1828-1893. 
Abdul-Medjid : Sultan of Turkey, 1823-1861. 
Abdul Musseah : Indian convert to Christianity 

and missionary, -1827. 

Abdur Rahman : Amir of Afghanistan, 1844*-1901. 
Abdy, Edw. Strutt : Eng. wr. on America, 1791-1846. 
Abdy, Maria : English poetess, -1867. 
Abdy, Sir Thos. Neville : English politician and 

Sheriff of Essex, 1810-1877. 
A'Becket : See Becket. 
A'Beckett, Arth, Martin : Australian physician 

and politician, 1812-1871. 
A'Beckett,Arth.Wm. : Eng. humorous wr., 1844-1909. 
A*Beekett, Gilb. Abbot : English humorous writer, 

• The Comic History of England,' 1811-1866. 
A'Beckett, Gilb. Arth, : Eng. humorous wr., 1837-91. 
^'Beckett, Thos. Turner : Austral, pol., 1808-1871. 
A Beckett, Sir Wm. : English Cliief Justice of 

Victoria, 1806-1869. 
Abeel, Dav. : American missionary, 1804-1846. 
Abeille, Gasp. : Fr. poet and dramatist, 1648-1718. 
Abeiile, Joh. Christ. Ludwig ; German musical 

composer and musician, 1761-1832. 
Abeille, Scipio : French surgeon and poet, -1697. 
Abeken, Bern. Eud. : Germ, philologist, 1780-1866. 
Abeken, Hein. : German theologian and Prussian 

official, 1809-1872. 
Abeken, Wilh. Ludw. A. E. : Germ, philol., 1813-43. 
Abel : Archbishop of Eheims, -764. 
Abel : King of Denmark, -1252. 
Abel, Carl. Fried. : Germ. mus. comp., 1725-1787. 
Abel, Clamor Hein. : Germ. wr. on music, 1650*- 
Abel, Clark : English hist, and botanist, 1780-1826. 
Abel, Sir Fred. Aug. : English chemist, 1827-1902. 
Abel, Gasp. : French historian, 1676-1763. 
Abel, Gottlieb Fried. : German engraver, 1763- 



Abel, Hans : German painter, fi. 1494. 

Abel, Jno. : English architect, 1677-1674. 

Abel, Jos. : German painter, 1768-1818. 

Abel, Karl Fried. ; German musician, 1725-1787. 

Abel, Kaspar : German historian, 1676-1763. 

Abel, Leopold Aug. : German musician, 1717-1794. 

Abel, Niels Henrik : Norw. mathem., 1802-1829. 

Abel, Thos. : See Abell. 

Abel de Pujol, Alex. Denis : Fr. painter, 1787-1861. 

Abela, Giov. Franc. : Ital . hist, (of Malta), 1582-1655 . 

Ab6Iard (Abailard), Pierre : French scholastic 

philosopher, 1079-1142. 
Abelin, Jean Phil. : 6erman-Fr. hist, wr., -1636*. 
Abell, Jno : Eng. singer and musician, 1660*-1716*. 
Abell, Thos. ; English priest and martyr, -1540. 

Abell, Wm. : alderman of London, fl. 1640. 
Abelli, Louis : Bishop of Ehodes, 1603-1691. 
Abels, Jac. Theod. : Dutch lands, painter, 1803-66. 
Aben-bitar (Al-beithar) : Turkish botanist and veter- 
inary physician, -1248. 
Abendana, Isaac : Spanish-English Jewish scholar, 

1660*-1710. 
Abendana, Jacob : Dutch- English rabbi arid Biblical 

scholar, 1630-1695. 
Abendroth, Hein. von : German general, 1819-1880. 
Abenezra, Abraham : Spanish Jewish scholar and 

Biblical commentator, 1093*-1167. 
Abents, Leon. : Bavarian engraver, fl. 1580. 
Abercorn, Dukes and Earls of : See Hamilton. 
Abercrombie, Jas. : British general, 1706-1781. 
Abercrombie, Jas. ; American divine, 1758-1841. 
Abercrombie, Jno. : Scot, horticulturist, 1726-1806. 
Abercrombie, Jno. : Scottish physician, 1780-1844. 
Abercrombie, Jno. Jos. : Amer. brig.-gen., 1802-77. 
Abercrombie, Ealph : Bar. Dunfermline, 1803-1868. 
Abercromby, Alex., Lord : Scottish judge and 

essayist, 1745-1795. 
Abercromby, Alex. : Brit, colonel, 1784-1853. 
Abercromby, David ; .Scottish medical writer and 

metaphysician, -1702*. 

Abercromby, Jas. : 1st Baron, Dunfermline, Speaker 

of House of Commons, 1776-1858. 
Abercromby, Jno. : Scottish Benedictine and author, 

-1561*. 
Abercromby, Sir Jno. : British general, 1772-1817. 
Abercromby, Pat. : Scottish physician, antiquary 

and historical writer, 1656-1716*. 
Abercromby, Sir Ealph ; Brit, gen., 1734-1801. 
Abercromby, Eob. : Scottish Jesuit, 1534-1613. 
Abercromby, Sir Eob. : Brit, general, 1740-1827. 
Aberdeen, Earls of : See Gordon. 
Aberegno, Giacomo : Venetian painter, fl. 1400. 
Abergavenny : See Neville. 
Aberieh-Mackay, Geo. Eob. : Anglo-Indian writer, 

1848-1881. 
Aberle, Moritz von : Germ. Oath, theol., 1819-75. 
Aberli, Joh. Ludw. ; Swiss painter and engraver, 

1723-1786. 
Abernethy, Jno. : Irish Presbyt. div., 1680-1740. 
Abernethy, Jno., F.E.S. : Eng. surgeon, 1764-1831. 
Abershaw (Avershawe), Louis Jeremiah : English 

highwayman, 1773*-1795. 
Abort, Jno. Jas. : American soldier, 1788-1863. 
Abert, Wm. Stretch : American soldier, 1836-1867. 
Abich, Otto Wilh. Herm. von : German-Russian 

geologist and mineralogist, 1806-1886. 
Abijah : King of Judah (958-965), -B.C. 955. 
Abildgaard, Nikolaj Abr.: Dan.hlst.pntr., 1744-1809. 
Abildgaard, Soren : Norwegian painter, 1718- 
Abingdon, Earl of : See Bertie. 
Abinger, Baron : See Scarlett. 
Abington : See also Habington. 
Abington, Frances (n^e Barton) : English actress, 

1737-1815. 
Abisbal, Coimt of : See O'Donnell, Jos. Hy. 
Ablancourt : See Perrot. 
Ablavius : Roman Prsefectus Urbi, -337. 
Abner : captain of Saul, King of Israel, -B.C. 1048. 
Abney, Sir Thomas: Lord Mayor of London and 

politician, 1640-1722. 
Abney, Sir Thos. : English judge, -1750. 
Aboab, Isaac : Spanish Jewish scholar, fl. 1300. 
Aboab, Isaac da Fonseca: Dutch South American 

rabbi and scholar, 1605-1693. 
Abos, Geronimo : Ital. mus. composer, 1708*-1786*. 
About, Bdm. Fran?. Val. : -French novelist, publicist 

and journalist, 1828-1885. 



ABOVILLE 



DICTIONARY OP UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



ACKER 



Aboville, Aug. Gab., Ct. de : Ft. soldier, 1773-1820. 
Aboville, Frang. Marie, Ct. de : Fr. gen., 1730-1817. 
Atioyne, Viscount and Earl of : See Gordon. 
Abrabanel, Isaac : Port, statesman, philosopher, 

Jewish leader and Biblical comment., 1437-1508. 
Abraham, Chas. Jno. : Bishop of Wellington, N.Z., 

and theological writer, 1814-1903. 
Abraham ibn David : Spanish - Jewish historio- 
grapher and philosopher, 1110*-1180. 
Abraham, Rob. : English architect, 1773-1850. 
Abraham, Rob. : Canadian joiirnalist. -1854. 

Abraham-ben-Ohaila : Span, rabbi and astrol., 1303. 
Abraham Echellensis : linguist, -1664. 
Abraham a Sancta Clara (Ulrich Megerle) : Austrian 

divine, 1644-1709. 
Abrahams, Simeon : American physician and phil- 
anthropist, 1809-1867. 
Abrahamson, Aug. : Swedish merchant, benefactor 

and educationist, 1812-1898. 
Abram, Wm. Alex. : Eng. antiq. and hist., 1835-94. 
Abrams, Eliza : Eng. vocalist, 18th and 19th cents, 
Abrams, Harriet : Eng. voc. and song ^^T., 1760- . 
Abrams, Nich. : classical commentator, 1589-1655. 
Abrams, Theodosia : Eng, voc. 18th and 19th cents. 
Abrant6s, Andoche Junot, Due d' : marshal of 

France, 1771-1813. 
Abrant^s, Jos.,Marquess d': Port.statesm., 1784-1827. 
Abrant^s, Laure Junot, Duchess d' : French 

memoir wi'iter, 1784-1838. 
Abresch, Fried. Ludw. : Germ, philologist, 1699-1782. 
Abrial, And. Jos. ; French statesman, 1750-1828. 
Abrii, Juan Alfonso : Spanish painter, -1645. 

Abruzzo, Balthasar : Sicilian philosopher and 

civilian, 1601*-1665. 
Absalom : son of David, King of Israel, -B.C. 1023 

{or 36). 
Absalon (Axel) : Danish statesman and Archbishop 

of Lund. 1128-1201. 
Abshoven (Abtshoven) : See Apshoven. 
Absolom, Chas. Alf . : Eng. cricketer, 1846-1889. 
Abt, Franz : Germ, music and song wr., 1819-1885. 
Abts, Wouter : Flem. lands, painter, 1582-1642(3). 
Abu Abdallah or Boabdil : King of Granada, fi. 1492. 
Abubakar: Sultan of Johore, 1834-1895. 
Abu Bekr : 1st Caliph, 573-634. 
Abu Hanifah Ibn Thabet : Mohammedan sectary 

and canon lawyer, 699-767. 
Abu-1-AIa UI Ma'arri : Arabian poet and letter 

writer, 973-1057. 
Abu-I-Atahiya : Arabian poet, 748-828. 
Abul Cassem (Abulcasis) : Arabian physician and 

surgeon, -1106(7). 
Abul Dem, Ibrahim ben Abdallah : hist., -1244. 

Abul Faraj, Ali : Persian poet and Arabian scholar, 

897-967. 
Abul Faraj (Abulfaragius), Greg. : Armenian bishop, 

physician and historian, 1226-1286. 
Abulf azl ; vizier of Akbar and historiographer, 1551- 

1604. 
Abulfeda, Ismael : Turkish geographer and historian, 

1273-1331. 
Abulgasl-Bahadur : Khan of Tartary, 1605-1663. 
Abul Hassan Khan, Mirza : diplomatist and traveller, 

1774-1828*. 
Abulola ■ Arabian poet, 973-1057. 
Abul Qasim : See Abul Cassem. 
Abu Maaschar : See Albumazar. 
Abumansur (Albumanzar) : Arabian astronomer and 

biographer, 885- 
Abu Navas : Arabian poet, 756*-810. 
Abu-Obeidah : Mohammedan conqueror, 581-639. 
Abu Obeidah : fabulist, -825. 
Abu-Rihan, ' Al Mohakabad ' : geographer and 

astrologer, fl. 11th century. 
Abu-Said, 'Bahadur Khan' : Pers. king, 1305*-35. 
Abu-Said-Mlrza : sovereign of the Moguls, 1427-69. 
Abu Shameh : historian, -1299. 

Abu Sofian : Prince of Mecca, ft. 622-629, 
Abu-Teman or Tammam : Arabian poet, 807-846. 
Abu Thaleb Khan : Ind. trav. and poet, 1751-1810. 
Abu Ubaida : Arabian scholar, 728-825. 
Abyndon, Rich, de : See Richard. 
Abyngdon, Hy. : Eng. eccles. and music, -1497. 
Acacius, Georgius : See Enenckel. 
Acacius : Bishop of Berrhoea, 321-437*. 
Acacius, ' One-eyed ' : Bishop of Csesarea, -366. 
Acacius : Bishop of Constantinople, -488. 



Acamapictli I. : Aztec king, -1389. 

Acca, of York : Bishop of Hexham, -737(40). 

Accama, Bern. : Dutch portrait painter, 1697-1756. 

Accama, Matthijs : Dutch hist, painter, 1702-1783. 

Accault, Mich. : American explorer, fl. 1679. 

Accer : See Accius. 

Acchillino : Bolognese painter, fl. 1324. 

Acciajuoii, Donate ; Florentine philosopher and 
statesman, 1428-1478. 

Acciajuoii, Nerio (Beinier) : Dk. of Athens, -1394. 

Acciajuoii, Nice. : Florentine statesman, 1310-65(6). 

Acciajuoii, Zanobio : Italian scholar, 1461-1519. 

Acciajuoii Salvetti, Magdalena : Florentine poetess, 
-1610. 

Accius (Accer) : Italian landscape painter, fl. 1609. 

Accius (Attius), Lucius ; Roman tragic poet, B.C. 
170-90*. 

Accolti, Benedetto : Flor. jurist and hist., 1415-66. 

Accolti, Benedetto : ' Cardinal of Ancona,' Latinist, 
1497-1549. 

Accolti, Bern.; 'L'Unico Aretino,' Italian poet, 
1465-1536. 

Accolti, Franc. : ' Francis of Arezzo (Aretino),' Italian 
jurist, 1418*-1485*. 

Accolti, Pietro ; Ital. cardinal and bishop, 1455-1532. 

Accoramboni, Vittoria ; Italian beauty, 1557-1585. 

Accords, Etienne Tabourot, Seigneur des : French 
poet, 1516*-1561. 

Aceorso (Accursius), Franc : Ital. jurist, 1182-1260. 

Accorso (Accursius), Mariangelo : Italian critic and 
collector of MSS., 1490*-1544*. 

Accum, Fried. Christ. : German chemist in England, 
1769-1838. 

Accursius : See Accorso. 

Acestor: tragic poet, fl. B.C. 422-414. 

Acevedo (Acebedo),Man. ; Span. hist, pntr.,1744-1800. 

Ach (Achen), Job. van : See Aachen. 

Achaemenes : Governor of Egypt, -B.C. 462(60). 

Achseus : tragic poet, B.C. 484r- 

Achfflus : ' King * of Asia Minor, -B.C. 215(14). 

Achaintre, Nic Louis : Fr. philologist, 1771-1836. 

Achaius : King of Scotland, 787*-819. 

Achard, Franz Karl : German chemist, 1753-1821. 

Achard, Fred. : French actor, 1848-1913. 

Achards, Eleazar Frang. de la Baume de : French 
missionary bishop to Cochin, 1679-1741. 

Acharius, Erik : Swedish botanist, 1757-1819. 

Ache, Caran d' (Emmanuel Poir6) : Russian- French 
caricaturist, -1909. 

Achedun(e) : See Acton, Jno. 

Achen (Ach) ; See Aachen. 

Achen, Arnout van : See Aken. 

Achenbach, Andreas : Germ, lauds, pntr., 1815-1910. 

Achenbach, Hein. von : Germ, statesm., 1830-1899. 

Achenbach, Max : See Alvary. 

Achenbach, Oswald : German painter, 1827-1905. 

Aehenwall, Gottfried : German historian and 
statistician, 1719-1772. 

Acherley, Roger : Eng. lawyer and pel., 1665*-1740. 

Aeh^ry, Jean Luc d' : See D'Achery. 

Acheson, Arch. : 1st Viscount Gosford, Irish states- 
man, 1718-1790. 

Acheson, Arch.: 2nd Earl of Gosford, Governor- 
General of Canada, 1776-1849. 

Acheson, Arth. : Earl of Gosford, 1746-1867. 

Achillas : assassin of Pompey, -B.C. 47. 

Achilles Tatius ; Alexandrian rhetor, and bp., fl. 500*. 

Achilleus, L. Elpidius : ' Emperor ' in Egypt, 
-296(7). 

Achillini, Aless. : philosopher and physician of 
Bologna, 1463-1512. 

Achillini, Clodio : Ital. poet and savant, 1574-1640. 

Achillini, Giov. Philoteo. : Italian poet and writer, 
1466-1533. 

Achmet I. : Sultan of Turks (1603-17), 1590-1617. 

Acbmet II. : Sultan of Turkey (1691-95), 1643-1695. 

Achmet III. ; Sultan of Turkey (1703-30), 1673-1739. 

Achmet-Giedik : Turk, grand vizier, 1430*-pos( 1482. 

Achterfeldt, Joh. Hein. : German Catholic theo- 
logian, 1788-1877. 

Achtervel(d)t : See Ochtervel(d)t. 

Achtschellinck, Lucas : Flem. lands, pntr., 1626-99. 

Acidalius, Valens : German philologist and littera- 
teur, 1567-1595. 

Acindynus, Greg. : theologian, fl. 1341-1347. 

Acker, Jak. : German painter, fl. 1473-1483. 

Acker, Joh. Bapt.vau : Flem. min. pntr., 1794-1863. 



ACKEB 



t)IOTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



AD AMI 



Acker, Paul : Trench man of letters, 1874-1915. 
Ackeiman, Fca, : Flem. sold, and diplom., 1335*-87. 
Ackermann, Con. Ern. : Germ, comedian, 1710-1771. 
Ackermann,Joh.Adam : Germ, landa.pntr.,1780-1853. 
Ackermann, Joh. Christ. Gottlieb : German physician 

and medical writer, 1756-1801. 
Ackermann, Louise Victorine Choquet : French 

poetess, 1813-1890. 
Ackermann, Rud. : German inventor and fine art 

publisher in England, 1764-1834. 
Ackers, Ben. St. Jno. : Eng. agriculturist, 1838-1915. 
Ackland, Thos, Gilbank : English divine and poet, 

1791-1844. 
Ackmar, Wm. : Scot, portrait painter, 18th cent. 
Acland, Chas. : Eng. writer on India, 1814-1845. 
Acland, Christina Henrietta Caroline, Lady Harriet : 

English heroine, 1750-1815. 
Acland, Sir Hy. Weutworth, F.U.S. : English 

physician, scholar and medical writer, 1815-1900. 
Acland, Sir .Tno. : Eng. knight and benel., -1620. 
Acland, Jno. : English reformer, fl. 1753-1796. 
Acland, Jno. Dyke ; Eng. soldier and pol., -1778. 
Acland, Sir Thos. Dyke : English politician and 

philanthropist, 1787-1871. 
Acland, Sir Thos. Dyke : Eng. politician, 1809-1898. 
Acland, Sir Wroth Palmer : British lieutenant- 
general, 1770-1816. 
Acolhua I. : King of Azcapotzalco, fl. 1168. 
Acolhua IL (Tetzotzmoc) : King of Azcapotzalco, 

fl. 1239. 
Acontius (Aconcio), Giaccobus : Italian philos. and 

divine and pioneer of rel. toleration, 1492-1566*. 
Accrnlnatus, Mich. : Byz. wr. and eccles., 1140*-1220. 
Acosta, Cecilio ; Venezuelan jurist, 1831-1880. 
Acosta, Gab., of Coimbra : Bibl. comment., -1616. 
Acosta, Joam d' : Span, journ. in India, 1775-1820. 
Acosta, Joaquin : Colomb. gen. andauthor,1799-1852. 
Acosta, JosI d' ; Spanish Jesuit missionary in Peru 

and writer, 1539*-1600. 
Acosta, Santos : Colombian statesman, 1830- 
Acosta, Uriel (Gab.) : Portuguese-Dutch philo- 
sopher and convert to Judaism, 1590-1647. 
Acqua, Bernardino dell", ' Del Aqua ' : Venetian 

fresco painter, fl. 1587. 
Acqua, Cristoforo dall' : Ital. engraver, 1734-1787. 
Acquavelia, Guglielmo Sanfelice di : Italian cardinal, 

archbishop and philanthropist, 1833-1897. 
Acquaviva, Andrea Matteo : Duke of Atri, Neapolitan 

patron of letters, 1456-1528. 
Acquaviva, Belisario : N'eap. patron of letters, fl.l519. 
Acquaviva, Clodio : Neapolitan general of Jesuits 

and writer, 1543-1615. 
Acrel, Olof : Swedish medical writer, 1717-1807. 
Acrelius, Israel : Swedish- American dlvine,1714-1800. 
Acron : physician of Agrigentum, fl. B.C. 4.'?0. 
Acropolites, (3eo. : Byz. chronicler, 1217-1282. 
Acton, Chas. Jauuarius Edw. : Eng. card., 1803-47. 
Acton, Edw. : British naval captain, -1707. 
Acton, Eliza : English authoress, 1799-1859. 
Acton, Hy. : Eng. Unitarian divine, 1797-1843. 
Acton or Aehedun, Jno. ; English writer on Canon 

Law, -1350. 

Acton, Jno. Adams : See Adams- Acton. 
Acton, Sir Jno. Emerich Edw. Dalberg : 1st Baron 

Acton, Ital.-Eng. hist, and moralist, 1834-1902. 
Acton, Sir Jno. Fes. Edw. : Prime Minister of Naples, 

1736-1811. 
Acton, Ualph : Eng. theol. and philos., fl. 14th cent. 
Actuarius, Joannes : physician, fl. 1250*-1300*. 
Acualmetzli : Mexican warrior, 1520-1542. 
Acufia, Ant. Osorio d' : Bp. of Famora, 1459-1526. 
Acufia, Christobal d' : Spanish Jesuit missionary 

in America, 1597-1676*. 
Acufia, Hernando d' : Span, poet and sold., 1510*-80. 
Acufia, Juan : Marq . of Casaterte, Viceroy of Mexico, 

-1774. 
Acufia, Man. : Mexican poet, 1849-1873. 
Acufia, Pedro Bravo d' : Span, general, -1606. 
Acusilaus : logographer, fl. arUe B.C. 600. 
Acworth, Geo. : English divine and controversialist, 

-1578*. 
Adabert : Prince of Prussia, 1811-1873. 
Adair, Jas. : American trader and writer on the 

American Indians, fl. 1735-1776. 
Adair, Jas. ; English serjeant-at-law, -1798. 
Adair, Jas. Makittrick : Scot. med. wr., 172S-1802. 
Adair, Jno. : Scot. surv. and cartographer, -1722. 



Adair, Jno. : American general, 1759-1840. 

Adair, Pat. : Irish Presbyt. divine, 1625*-1694. 

Adair, Sir Rob. : English diplomatist, 1763-1855. 

Adair, Wm. P. : Assistant Chief of the Cherokees, 
1828-1880. 

Adalard : See Adelard. 

Adalberon ; Archbishop of Reims, -988. 

Adalberon, Azelin. : Bishop of Laon and poet. 
950(977)*-1030(1). 

Adalbert: Archbishop of Bremen and Hamburg, 
1000*-1072. 

Adalbert : Archbishop of Magdeburg, missionary to 
Slavs, -981{2). 

Adalbert : Archbishop of Mentz, -1137. 

Adalbert, St. : Archbishop of Prague, ' The Apostle 
of the Prussians,' 950*-997. 

Adalbert, of Spalding : monk, fl. 1160*. 

Adalbert I. : Duke of Tuscany, 890-917. 

Adalbert II. : King of Italy, 950-961. 

Adalbert, Levita or Diaconus ; English saint, fl, 700. 

Adalbert, Prince : German admiral, 1811-1873. 

Adalgis (Edelgis) : King of Lombards, -789. 

Adam, Adolphe Chas. : French musical composer, 
1803-1856. 

Adam, Albreoht • Germ. mil. painter, 1786-1862. 

Adam Anglicus : Doctor of Paris, commentator, 
14th century*. 

Adam Angligena or Anglicus : theol., -1181*. 

Adam, of Barking : monk and writer, fl. 1217*. 

Adam, of Bremen : German ecclesiastical historian, 
geographer and missionary, -1076. 

Adam, of Buckfleld'. Eng. commentator, fl. 1300*. 

Adam, of Caithness : Scottish bishop, -1222. 

Adam, the Carthusian : monk, fl. 1340, 

Adam, of Domerham : Eng. chron., -post 1291. 

Adam, of Evesham : monk and writer, -1191. 

Adam Goddamus : See Goddam. 

Adam de la Halle: French trouvdre, -1288*. 

Adam de Mariseo : Eng. Franciscan scholar, fl. 1257*. 

Adam Murimuthensis : See Murimouth. 

Adam, of Orlton : Bishop of Winchester, -1345. 

Adam Scotus (Anglicus) : Scottish-French theologian, 
writer and biographer, fl. 1180. 

Adam, of Usk : lawyer and historian, fl. 1400. 

Adam, of St. Victor : hymnologist, -1172(92). 
Adam, Ad. Chas. : Fr. opera composer, 1803-1856. 
Adam, Alex. ; Scottish archaeologist, 1741-1809. 
Adam, Benno : German animal painter, 1812-1892. 
Adam, BUlaut, ' Master Adam ' : joiner and poet of 

Nevers, -1662. 
Adam, Sir Chas. : British admiral, 1780-1853. 
Adam, Eugene ; German painter, 1817- 
Adam, Frang. Gasp. : French sculptor, 1710-1759. 
Adam, Franz : German painter, 1815-1886. 
Adam, Sir Fred. : British general and Governor of 

Madras, 1781-1853. 
Adam, Hein. : German landscape painter and 

engraver, 1787-1862. 
Adam, Jac. : Austrian engraver, 1748-1811. 
Adam, Jacques : French littSratenr, 1663-1735. 
Adam, Jas. ; English architect, -1794. 
Adam, Jas. : Scottish classical scholar and platonist. 

1860-1907. 
Adam, Jas., Lord Adam : Scot, judge, 1824-1914. 
Adam, Jean ; French Jesuit and writer, 1608-1684. 
Adam, Jean ; Scottish poetess, 1710-1765. 
Adam, Jean Victor : Fr. mil. painter, 1801-1867. 
Adam, Joh. Ludw. : Germ. mus. comp., 1758-1848. 
Adam, Jno. : Anglo-Indian statesman, 1779-1825. 
Adam, Jul. : Germ, painter and lithographer,1821-74. 
Adam, Lambert Sigisbert : Fr. sculptor, 1700-1759. 
Adam, Louis : See Adam, Joh. Ludw. 
Adam, Melchior : Germ. div. andbiog., post 1550-1622. 
Adam, Nic. : French grammarian, 1716-1792. 
Adam, Nic. S&o. : French sculptor, 1705-1778. 
Adam, Rob., F.R.S. ; Scot, architect, 1728-1792. 
Adam, Rob. : English divine, ' Religious World 

Displayed,' 1770-1825. 
Adam, Thos. : English divine, 1701-1784. 
Adam, Wm. ; Scottish architect, -1748. 
Adam, Wm. : Scot, lawyer and pol., 1751-1839. 
Adam, Wm. Pat. : English politician and Governor 

of Madras, 1823-1881. 
Adamanteo : Ital. mathem. and Orient., -1581. 
Adamantius : Greek physician, fl. 416*. 
Adamberger, Valentin : Bav. singer, 1743-1804. 
Adami, Leonardo : Italian scholar, 1690-1719. 



AD AMI 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



ADENES 



AdamI, Tobias : Germ, schol. and jurist, 1581-1643. 
Adami da Bolsena, Andrea : Italian musical com- 
poser, 1663-1742. 
Adamjee, Sir Peerbiioy : Ind. pliilantli., 1845-1913. 
Adamnan (Adomnan) : Irisli saint and Iiistorian, 

Abbot of lona, 625»-704. 
Adamo, Alb. : German painter, 1849-1887. 
Adams, Alvin : American expressman, 1804—1877. 
Adams, Amos : American divine, 1728-1775. 
Adams, Andrew : American jurist, 1736-1797. 
Adams, And. Leith, F.E.S. : Scottish army surgeon, 

palaeontologist and naturalist, 1827-1882. 
Adams, Ben. : Amer. lawyer and pol., 1765-1837. 
Adams, Chas. : Amer. lawyer and wr., 1785-1861. 
Adams, Chas. Baker : Amer. geologist, 1814-1853. 
Adams, Chas. Fes, : Amer. diplomatist, 1807-1886. 
Adams, Chas. Fes. : American historian and states- 
man, 1835-1915. 
Adams, Clement : English schoolmaster and author 

of travels, 1519»-1587. 
Adams, Dan. : American author, 1773-1864. 
Adams, Edwin : American actor, 1834-1877. 
Adams, Eliphalet : American divine, 1677-1753. 
Adams, Ezra Eastman : Amer. author, 1813-1871. 
Adams, F. W. : Amer. physn. and music, 1787-1859. 
Adams, Fes. ; English physician, classical scholar 

and medical translator, 1796-1861. 
Adams, Fes. Wm. Lauderdale : Irish-Australian 

noveUst and dramatist, 1862-1893. 
Adams, Geo.: Eng. trans.and Latin poet,1698*-1768*. 
Adams, Geo. : English instrument maker, ' Micro- 

graphia lUustrata," -1773. 
Adams, Geo. : English instrument maker, * Essay 

on Vision," 1750-1795. 
Adams, Hannah : Amer. religious wr., 1755-1832. 
Adams, Herb. Baxter ; American historian and 

educationist, 1850-1901. 
Adams, Isaac ; American inventor, 1803-1883. 
Adams, Jas. : Scottish philologist, 1737-1802. 
Adams, Jas. Hopkins : Amer. statesman, 1811-1861. 
Adams, Jas. Williams : Irish army chaplain in 

India, 1840-1903. 
Adams, Jasper : Amer. educationist, 1793-1841. 
Adams, Jno. : English topographer, fl. 1680. 
Adams, Jno. : Provost of K. Coll., Camb., 1662-1720. 
Adams, Jno. : Amer. divine and poet, 1704-1740. 
Adams. Jno, : Scottish compiler, 1750*-1814. 
Adams, Jno. : 2nd Pres. of United States, 1735-1826. 
Adams, Jno. (Alex. Smith) ; English seaman and 

coloniser of Pitoairn's Island, 1760»-1829. 
Adams, Jno. : American educationist, 1772-1863. 
Adams, Jno. ; American seaman, 1796-1886. 
Adams, Jno. : American major-general, 1825-1864. 
Adams, Jno. Couch, F.R.S. : Bug. astron., 1819-92. 
Adams, Jno. F. : American divine, 1790-1881. 
Adams, Jno. Quincy ; 6th President of United 

States (1825-1829), 1767-1848. 
Adams, Jno. Quincy : Amer. politician, 1833-1894. 
Adams, Jos, : English physician and medical 

writer, 1756-1818. 
Adams, Jul. Walker : Amer. civil engin., 1812-1863. 
Adams, Nehemiah : Amer. div. and author, 1806-78. 
Adams, Rich. ; English collector of verse, 1619-1661. 
Adams, Rich. : English ejected Nonconformist and 

editor of Charnock, 1626*-1698. 
Adams, Kob. : Eng. archt. and engrav., 1540-1595. 
Adams, Rob. : Irish surgeon, 1791-1875. 
Adams, Rob. H. : American senator, 179^1830. 
Adams, Sam. ; Amer. statesra. and revol., 1722-1803. 
Adams, Sam. : American army surgeon, -1867. 
Adams, Sarah Flower : English poetess, 1805-1848. 
Adams, Seth : American inventor, 1807-1873. 
Adams, Steph. : American senator, -1857. 
Adams, Steph, : See Maybrick, Mich. 
Adams, Thos. : English printer, -1620'. 
Adams, Thos. : Eng. theol. and divine, -1655*. 
Adams, Sir Thos. : Lord Mayor of London, loyalist 

and benefactor. 1586-1668. 
Adams, Thos. : English ejected Nonconformist and 

religious writer, 1633*-1670. 
Adams, Thos. : British general, 1730*-1764. 
Adams, Thos. : Eng. org. andmus. comp., 1785-1858. 
Adams, Thos. : English cricketer, 1813-1894. 
Adams, Wm. : English navigator, 1576-1620. 
Adams, Wm. : English divine, 1706-1789. 
Adams, Wm. : English potter, fl. 1790. 
Adams, Sir Wm. ; See Rawson. 



Adams, Wm. : English ethical wr„ 1814-1848. 
Adams, Wm. ; English lawyer, 1772-1851. 
Adams, Wm. : Amer. divine and writer, 1807-1880. 
Adams, Wm. : Irlsh-Amer. educationist, 1813-1897, 
Adams, Wm. Bridges ■ English inventor, 1797-1872. 
Adams, Wm. Davenport : English journalist and 

compiler, 1851-1904. 
Adams, Wm. Grylls, F.R.S. ; English scientist and 

astronomer, 1836-1915. 
Adams, Wm. Hv. Davenport: Eng. miscellaneous 

writer, 1828-1891. 
Adams, Wm. Taylor, 'Oliver Optio': American 

author, 1822-1897. 
Adams-Acton, Jno. : English sculptor, 1836-1910. 
Adamson, Hy. : Scottish poet, -1639. . 
Adamson, Jno. : Princ. of Edinburgh Univ., -1653. 
Adam50n,Jno. : Eng.antiii.andPort.8chol.,1787-1855. 
Adamson, Pat. : Archbp. of St. Andrews, 1537-1592. 
Adamson, Rob. : Scottish philosopher, 1852-1902. 
Adamson, Thos. :- English master gunner and writer 

on defence, fl. 1680. 
Adamus Maglster : See Adam, of Bremen. 
Adanson, Michel : French naturalist, 1727-1806. 
Adcock, Jas. : English chourmaster, 1778-1860. 
Adda : iiing of Bemicia, -565, 
Addams, Jesse; Proctor, Doctors' Commons, 1786- 

1871. 
Addenbrooke, Jno. : English founder of hospital and 

writer on freethinking, 1680-1719. 
Adderley, Arden : British admiral, -1864. 
Adderley, Sir Chas. Bowyer : 1st Baron Norton, 

statesman, 1814-1905. 
Addington, Ant. : English physician, 1713-1790. 
Addington, Hy., Ist Viscount Sidmouth : statesman, 

1757-1844. 
Addington, Hy. Unwin : Eng. civ. serv., 1790-1870, 
Addington, Steph. : Eng. Nonconf. divine, 1729-96. 
Addis, Bern. : Eng. priest and Jesuit, 1791-1879. 
Addison, Berkeley : canon of Durham, 1815-1882. 
Addison, Olias. Greenstreet: Eng. legal wr., -1866. 
Addison, Bdw. Phillips . English actor, 1824-1874. 
Addison, Hy. Hob. : Eng. sold, and dram., 1805-76. 
Addison, Jno. : Eng. Rom. Catholic wr., fl. 1538. 
Addison, Jno. : Eng. music, and comp., 1766*-1844. 
Addison, Jno. : EJng. county court judge, 1791-1859. 
Addison, Jos. : English essayist, poet and man of 

letters, ' The Spectator,' 1672-1719. 
Addison, Jos. : English barrister, 1789-1858. 
Addison, Lancelot : Dean of Lichfield, 1632-1703. 
Addison, Laura Wilrashurst : Eng. actress, 1822-52. 
Addison, Thos. : English physician, 1788-1860. 
Addison, Thos. Battv : Eng. barrister, 1787-1874. 
Addison, Wm. : English physician, 1801-1881. 
Addy, Wm. : English writing master, fl. 1685. 
Adean, Hy. Jno. : English politician, 1833-1870. 
Adeheid, St. : consort of Lothaire and Otto I,, 931-99. 
Adel-: See Ethel-. 

Adela : mother of King Stephen, 1062*-1137. 
Adelaer, Cort Sivertsen : Dan. nav. com., 1622-1675. 
Adelaide : See also Adeheid. 
Adelaide : Queen of Italy and Empress, 931-999. 
Adelaide, Madame : aunt of Louis XVI., 1732-1800. 
Adelaide ; Princess of Orleans, sister of Louis 

Philippe, 1777-1847. 
Adelaide : Queen of England, consort of William IV., 

1792-1849. 
Adelais, of Louvain : 2nd queen of Henry I., 

-1151. 
Adelard : cousin of Charlemagne, founder of New 

Corbie Abbey, 753'«-826. 
Adelard : monk of Bath, English scholastic philo- 
sopher, fl. 1130. 
Adelbert : Archbishop of Bremen and Hamburg and 

regent, -1072. 
Adelbold : Bishop of Utrecht, 960*-1025. 
Adeler : See Adelaer. 

Adeiiza : da. of William I. of England, -1066*. 
Adeliza, of Louvain : 2nd qn. of Henry I., -1151. 
Adelm : See Aldhelm and Clark, Chas. Heber. 
Adelmann, Alf., Count : German poet, 1848-1887. 
Adelmann, Geo. Franz Blasius : German physician 

and surgeon, 1811-1888. 
Adelnng, Joh. Christoph. : German grammarian 

and philologist, 1732-1806. 
Ademar (Aymar) : monk and chronicler of St. 

Martial, 988-1030. 
Adenis le Roi : French trouvdre, 1240'- 



ADEODATUS 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



iETHELBALD 



Adeodatus I. (Dieudonn^) : Bishop of Rome, -618. 
Adeodatus II. (Dleudonn^) : Bishop of Home, -676. 
Ader, Guil, ; physician of Toulouse, fl. 1621 . 
Adet, Pierre Aug. : French envoy and chemical writer, 

1763-1832*. ~ 
Adey, Jno. : Eng. Congregational divine, 1793-1869. 
Adhad-Eddoulat : Ernperor of Persia, friend of 

learning, 936-983. 
Adhelm, St. : See Aldhelm. 
Adhemar, Guil. ; Provencal poet, -1190*. 
Adhemar de Chabannes : Fr. historia't, 988*-1030*. 
Adhemar de Monteil : Fr. bp. and crusader, -1098. 
Adherbal : King of Numidia, -B.C. 112. 
Adie, Alex. Jas. : English optician, 1775-1858. 
Adie, Alex. Jas. : Eng. railway engineer, 1808-79. 
Adimari, Aless., of Florence : scholar and poet, 

1679-1649. 
Adimarl, Luigl, of Florence : satirist, 1644-1708. 
Adkins, Rob. : Eng. ejected divine, 1626-1685. 
Adlcr, Fried. : Germ. wr. on architecture, 1828-1908. 
Adler, Geo. Christ. : Germ, philologist, 1734-1791. 
Adler, Geo. J. : Germ.-Amer. philologist, 1821-68. 
Adler; Herm. : Germ.-Eng. chief rabbi, 1839-1911. 
Adler, Jac. Geo. Christ. : Dan. Orient., 1765-1805. 
Adler, Nathan Marcus : German-English chief 

rabbi, 1803-1890. 
Adler, Phil. ('Patricius' or 'Paticina'); German 

engraver, 1484-1630*. 
Adlerberth, Gudraund Goran : Swedish litterateur, 

1751-1818. 
AdlerJeld, Gust. : Swedish historian, 1671-1709. 
Adlerspaire, Geo,, Count of; Swedish littfirateur, 

1760-1837. 
Adlgasser, Anton Cajetan : Bav. organist, 1728-1777. 
Adlung, Jac: German theologian, scholar and 

musician, 1699-1762. 
Adlzreitter, Joh. ; Bav. chancellor and archivist, 1596- 

1662. 
Ado : Archbishop of Vienne and historian, 800*-874, 
Adolf George : Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe, 1817-93. 
Adolfati, Andrea : Ital. musical composer, 1711- 
Adolfl, Ciro : Ital. fresco painter, 1683-1758. 
Adolfl, Giacomo : Ital. historical painter, 1682-1741. 
Adolphus or Ataulphus : Kg. of the Visigoths, -415. 
Adolphus, of Nassau : Germ, emperor, 1250(56)-1298. 
Adolphus Frederick II. : Kg. of Sweden, 1710-1771. 
Adolphus Fred. : Duke of Cambridge, 1774-1850. 
Adolphus, Jno. : Eng. historical writer, 1768-1845. 
Adolphus, Jno. Leycester : English barrister and 

author, 1795-1862. 
Aden, St. : Archbishop of Vienne, 799(800)-875. 
Adorni, Catrina Fieschi : Ital. rel. wr., 1447*-1610. 
Adrain, Rob. : Irish mathematician, 1775-1843. 
Adrets, Frang. de Beaumont, Baron des ; Huguenot 

leader, 1503(13)-1586(7). 
Adrevaldus, of Fleury : eccles. writer, 818*-878. 
Adriaenssen, Alex., ' the elder ' : Dutch still life 

painter, 1687-1661. 
Adriam, Marie, of Lyons: female patriot, 1777-1793. 
Adrian : Emperor of Rome, 76-138. 
Adrian ; Greek writer on the Scriptures, fl. 6th cent. 
Adrian I. : Pope, -796. 
Adrian II. : Pope, -872. 
Adrian III. (Agapit) : Pope, -885. 
Adrian-IV. (Nich. Breakspear) : Pope, awZe 1100-59. 
Adrian V. (Ottoboni Fieschi) : Pope, -1276. 
Adrian VI. : Pope, 1459-1623. 
Adrian de Castello : Cardinal and Bishop of Bath 

and Wells, 1460*-1521*. 
Adrian!, Giov. Batt. : Ital. historian, 1513-1679. 
Adriani, Marcello Virgilio ; Flor. scholar, 1464-1521. 
Adriam, Marcello : Florentine writer, 1533-1604. 
Adriano, A. : Spanish painter, -1630. 
Adriansen, Alexander : Flemish artist, 1625*-1661. 
Adrianus (Hadrianus) : Grk. rhetorician, ]13*-193. 
Adrichomlus, Christ. : Dutch writer on Holy Land, 

1633-1.586. 
Adrien, Mart. Jos. : Belgian singer, 1767-1824. 
Adry, Jean F61icissime : Fr. bibliographer, 1749-1818, 
Ady, Jos. : English impostor, 1770-1852. 
Adye, Jas. : British major, U. A.., -1831. 
Adye, Sir Jno. Miller : British general, 1819-1900. 
Adye, Ralph: Brit, capt., R.A. and mil. wr., -1808. 
Adye, Steph. : British general, -1838. 
Adye, Steph. Payne : Brit, major, E.A., -1794. 

yEantides: one of the tragic Pleias, fl. B.C. 259(300). 
iEdesius : Italian eclectic philosopher, 277*-355. 



fflgidius : Ct. of Soissons, Kg. of the Franks, -464. 
ffigidius : French saint. See Giles (Gilles). 
iGgidius de Columna ("Most Profound Doctor'): 

schoolman, -1316. 
JEgidius, Job,, of St. Albans : astronomer, fl. 1224. 
yEgidius, Pet., of Antwerp: scholar and friend of 

Sir T. More, 1486-1533. 
iEgidius, Pet., of Antwerp ; Oriental trav., 1490-1566. 
JGgineta, Paulus : See Paulus JSgineta. 
^ginhard (Eginhard) : biographer of Charlemagne, 

771*-839*. 
Shienthal, Count Alois : Austrian statesman and 

diplomatist, 1864-1912. 
JEken, Hieronimus van (Jerom Bosch) : Dutch 

religious painter, 1462*-1518. 
iEUgar, Earl : son of Leofrie of Mercia, -1062*. 
«lfgifu : wife of King Badwig, fl. 956. 
iElfgiJu, of Northampton : mistress of Canute, fl. 1030. 
iElfheah (St. Alphege) : Archbishop of Canterbury, 

964-1012. 
JElthere : Baldorman of the Mercians, -983. 
visaed : See Elfleda. 

jEltred Atheling : son of King .iEthelred, -1036. 
«lfred the Great: King of England, 849-901. 
citric : Archbishop of Canterbury, -1005. 
ffilf ric : Abbot of St. Albans. See MUiic, Archbishop 

of Canterbury. 
iEltric : Ealdorman of the Mercians, fl. 960*-1015* 
iEKric : Archbishop Elect of Canterbury, fl. 1060. 
;EIIric, ' Bata ' : English monk, fl. 1006. 
iSIfric, Abbot, ' Grammaticus * : English author 

and translator, fl. 1006. 
ffilfric : Archbishop of York, -1061. 
^Ifsige : Bishop of Winchester, -959. 
JEUttaytti (Elfrida) : daughter of Ordgar and mother 

of Ethelred II., 946*-lDD0. 
iElfthryth (Eltrudis) : da. of King Alfred, -929. 
ffilfweard : Bishop of London, -1044. 
JElfwig : Abbot of New Minster, -1066. 
^Ifwine : Bishop of Winchester, -1047. 
^lianus Claudius, ' The Sophist ' : Roman historian 

and rhetorician, fl. 220. 
^lianus Tacticus : Grk. wr. on military tactics, fl. 97*. 
^lius Donatus : grammarian at Rome, fl. 356. 
Alius Spartianus : biog. of Rom. emperors, fl. 300-310. 
Alia : Saxon Ealdorman, -514*. 
Alia : King of the Deurana, -588. 
Alia : King of Northumbria, -867. 
Alnoth : Eng. monk, and biographer, fl. 1085-1109. 
Aired : See_Ai]j:ed. 
Alsinus : AHglo-Saxon monk and miniaturist, 

fl. 10th century. 
Alst, Evert van : Dutch still-life painter, 1602-1658. 
Alst, Nicolaus van : Flemish printseller at Rome, 

1527*-1612*. 
Alst, Pauwel van : See Koecke, P. 
Alst, Willem van : Dutch still-life painter, 1620-79. 
Alsters, Georges Jacques : Flemish musician. 

1770-1849. 
Amilianus, C. Julius : Emperor, 206*-253. 
Amilianus, Tib. Cost. Alex. : one of the Thirty 

Tyrants, -post 263. 
Amilius, Paulus : See Paullus and Paulus. 
Aneas (.Singus) : Irish bp. and hagiographer, -820. 
Aneas Gazsus : Platonic philosopher, fl. 487. 
Aneas Sylvius : Pope Pius II., 1406-1464. 
Aneas Tacticus : Greek military writer, fl. B.C. 362*. 
Anesidemus of Gnossus ' sceptic, fl. B.C. 80-50. 
Apinus (Hoch), Franz Maria XJlrich Theod. : 

Germ, electrician and nat. philosopher, 1724-1803. 
Apinus (Hoch), Joh. : Germ, theologian, 1499-1563. 
Aerius : Armen. founder of sect of Aerians, fl. 360*. 
Arts, Bgidius : Belg. music, and comp., 1822-1863. 
Arts, Rich. : Dutch painter, 1482-1577. 
Artsen : See Aartsen. 
Artszen, Arsens (Aertsen), Pioter : Dutch historical 

painter, 1507-1673. 
Asc (Disc, Ash) : son of Hengist, -512*. 
Ascliines ; Socratic philosopher, B.C. 6th cent. 
Aschines : Athen. orator and statesm., B.C. S89*-314. 
Aschines, of Neapolis : Peripatetic philos., fl. B.C. 111. 
Aschylus : Greek tragic poet, B.C. 625-456. 
Asop : Greek fabulist, fl. B.C. 620*-664*. 
Asopus, Claudius (Clodlus) : actor at Rome, -post 

B.C. 55. - 
Athel : See Ethel. 
Athelbald : King of Mercia, -767. 



aiTHELSTAN 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



AGRIPPA 



^thelstan : See Athelstan. 

^thious (Ethicus) : Latin writer of Istria, fl. 4th cent. 

iEtion: Greelc painter, 117-161. 

iEtius, of Antioch, the Atheist : founder of extreme 

sect of Arians, -366(7). 
^tius : Horn, com-in-chief of the West, ante 400-454. 
^tius : Grk. med. wr. of Mesopotamia, fl. a.d. 500*. 
Afanasev, Konstantin JaItole\ich : Uussian engraver, 

1793«-1857. 
Afer, Domitius, of Nismes : Koman orator, B.C. 15- 

A.D. 60. 
Afesa, Pietro(Della Basilicata) : Ital. rel. pntr., fI.1650. 
Aflerden : See Apherdianus. 
Affllard, Micliel 1' : Fr. singer, fl. 1683-1708. 
Affleck, Sir Bdm. : Brit, admiral, 1723»-1788. 
Affleck, Phil. : Brit, admiral, 1726-1799. 
Afflitto, Matt. : Italian law writer. 1448-1524. 
Aflo, Ireneo : Ital. historian, 1741(2)-1797(1805). 
Aflre, Denis Aug. : Archbishop of Paris, 1793-1848. 
Affry,I.ouiaAug.PhiI.,Ct.d': Swiss statesm.,1745-1810. 
Afranio : Ital. reputed inv. of bassoon, fl. 1500*. 
Atranius, Lucius : Boman comic poet, fl. B.C. 100*. 
Afranius, Lucius : Roman general, -B.C. 46. 
Alricanus, Sext. CscUius : Rom. jurist, fl. 138-160. 
Africanus, Sextus Julius : Christ, chronol., -232*. 
Atrlcanus, John Leo : Arabian traveller and geo- 
grapher, 1483*-1552. 
Afzel(ius), Adam : Swedish botanist, 1750-1837. 
Afzelius, Arvid Aug. : Swedish archaeologist, divine, 

poet and historian, 1785-1871. 
Aga Akbar Shah : Ind. loyalist and schol., 1843-1904. 
Aga All Shah : spiritual head of the Khoja com- 
munity and sportsman, -1885. 
Aga Khan ; Persian pretender and Ind. sportsman, 

spiritual head of the Khoja community, 1800-1881. 
Aga, Nazare : Persian diplom. and gen., 1826-1912. 
Agabito, Pietro Paolo : Venetian painter, sculptor 

and architect, fl. 1511-1531. 
Aganduru, Rod. Maurice ; Span, missionary, fl. 1640*. 
Agapetus I., St. : Pope, -636. 
Agapetus II. : Pope, -965. 
Agapetus, Diaconus : Byzantine theologian, fl. 527. 
Agapius : Neoplatonic philosopher, fl. 511*. 
Agar, Jacques d' : French portrait painter, 1640-1716. 
Agard(e), Arth. : English antiquary, 1640-1615. 
Agas, Radulph (Ralph) : English engraver and 

surveyor, 1540*-1621. 
Agasias, of Ephesus : sculptor, fl. B.C. 4th centurv*. 
Agasse, Jacques Laurent : Swiss anim. pntr., -1846. 
Agassiz, Alex. : American zoologist, oceanographer 

and benefactor, 1836-1910. 
Agassiz, Jean Louis Kodolphe : Swiss naturalist 

and geologist in America, 1807-187S. 
Agathangelus : Armenian historian, fl. 320. 
Agatharcides (Agatharcus) : Greek historian and 

geog. and tutor to Ptolemy Soter, fl. B.C. 148-105. 
Agatharcus : Athenian painter and inventor of 

perspective, fl. B.C. 480. 
Agatharcus, of Corcyra : Olympic victor, fl. B.C. 635. 
Agatharcus, of Samos : painter, fl. B.C. 416-415. 
Agathemerus : Greek geographer, fl. a.d. 200*. 
Agathias Scholasticus : Byz. host, and poet, 536-582. 
Agatho : Pope, -681. 

Agathocles : King of .Sicily, B.C. 361-289. 
Agathodsemon, of Alexandria : geog., fl. a.d. 200*. 
Agathon : Greek'tragic poet, B.C. 448-400. 
Agathon : deacon and librarian at Constantinople, 

fl. 680-712. 
Agav, Jacques d' : Fr. port, and hist, pntr.,1640-1716. 
Agazzari, Agostino : Ital. writer on music, 1678-1640. 
Ageladas, of Argos ; statuary, B.C. 540(475)- 
Agelnoth : See Ethelnoth. 
Agcsandet : sculptor of Rhodes, joint sculptor of 

Laocoon, 1st centur.v. 
Agesilaus I. : King of Sparta, B.C. 927-880. 
Agesilaus II. : Kg. of Sparta and gen., B.C. 444*-361. 
Agesipolis I. : King of Sparta, fl. B.C. 394-380. 
Agesipolis II. : King of Sparta, fl. B.C. 371-370. 
Agesipolis III. : King of Sparta, B.C. 219-183. 
Agg, Alf . Jno. : Austral. Commiss. of Rlvs., 1830-86 
Aggas, Edw.: Bng.bookseller and printer,fl.l564-1601 
Aggas, Ralph : Bng. engrav. and surveyor, -1679. 
Aggas, Rob. : Scot, landscape painter, -1079 
Aghinetti (Guccio del Sero) : Flor. painter fl. 1330 
Agias, of Troezen : cyclical poet, fl. B.C. 740. 
Agler, Pierre Jean : Fr. jurist andtheol., 1748-1823 
Agilulph : King of the Lombards, -616*. 



Agio de Soldanis, Pietro Franc. : Maltese grammarian, 
1710*-1760». 

Agis, of Elis ; Olympic victor, fl. B.C. 572. 

Agis I. : King of Sparta, fl. B.C. 1032. 

Agis n. ; King of Sparta (427-398), -B.C. -397*. 

Agis in. (338-330), -B.C. 830*. 

Agis IV. (244-240), -B.C. 240. 

Aglaophon (the younger) : Grk. painter, fl. B.C. 416. 

Agliardi, Antonio : Ital. cardinal, 1832-1915. 

Agile, Agostino: Italian-English painter and 
writer on art, 1777-1857- 

Aglio, Andrea Salvatore di Antonio di Arzo : dis- 
covered how to paint on marble, 1736-1786. 

Aglionby, Edward : Recorder of Warwick and trans- 
lator, 1520-1587*. 

Aglionby, Jno. : chapJaintoEliz. and James, -1611. 

Agnes, of Meran : Queen ot France, -1201. 

Agnesi, Louis Ferd. Leopold : Fr. singer, 1833-1875. 

Agnesi, Maria Gaetana de : Milanese mathematician, 
linguist and philosopher, 1718-1799. 

Agnesi, Maria Theresa de ; Milanese musical com- 
poser, 1724*-1780*. 

Agnew, Sir And. : British general, 1687-1771. 

Agnew, Sir And., of Lochnaw ; Irish Sabbatarian, 
1793-1849. 

Agnew, Corn. Rea : Amer. physn. and wr., 1830-88. 

Agnew, Dav. Hayes : Amer. surgeon, 1818-1892. 

Agnew, Jag. : British soldier, -1777. 

Agnew, Sir Jas. Willson : Premier of Tasmania, 
1815-1901. 

Agnew, Pat. Alex. Vans : Anglo-Indian Civil ser- 
vant, 1822-1848. 

Agnew, Su: Wm. : English art dealer, 1826-1910. 

Agnolo : See Angolo del Moro. 

Agnolo, Andrea d' : See Andrea. 

Agnolo, Baccio d' : Florentine engraver and architect, 
1460(1)-1643. 

Agnon. of Peparethus ; Olympic victor, fl. B.C. 568. 

Agobard, St. : Archbishop of Lyons, 779-840. 

Agoracritus, of Samos : sculptor, fl. B.C. 440-425. 

Agostini, Giov. degli : Venet. litterateur, 1701-1755. 

Agostini, Leon. : Italian antiquary, -1686*. 

Agostini, Ludovico ; Italian poet and musical com- 
poser, 1534-1590. 

Agostini, Pietro Simone : Ital. mus. comp., 1650*- 

Agostino (dalle Prospettive) : Italian ontr., fl. 1525. 

Agostino, Paolo : Ital. musical composer, 1593-1629. 

Agoult, Guil. d' : Provencal poet, -1181. 

Agoult, Marie Oath. Sophie de Flavigny, Countess d', 
French writer, 1806-1876. 

Agramonte, Ignacio : Cuban revolutionist, 1841-73. 

Agreda, Majia Fernandez Coronel d' : Spanish abbess, 
1602-1665. 

AgreU, Joh. Joachim: Swed. mus. comp., 1701-65. 

Agresti, Livio : Roman religious painter, -1580. 

Agricola, Alex. : Dutch musical composer, fl. 1500. 

Agrlcola, Christoph Ludw. : German portrait and 
landscape painter, 1667-1719. 

Agricola, Cn. Julius : Rom. gen. and statesm., 37-93. 

Agricola, Fillppo, Italian painter, 1776-1857. 

Agricola, Geo. (Bauer) : German metallurgist and 
scholar, 1490-1666. 

Agricola, Geo. And. : German physician and arbori- 
culturist, 1672-1738. 

Agricola, Geo. Ludw. : Germ. mus. comp., 1643-76. 

Agricola, Joh. : Bav. prof, of music, 1570*- 

Agricola, Joh. Fried. : Saxon mus. comp., 1720-74. 

Agricola (Schnitter), Johannes : Antinoiniaa divine, 
of Saxony, 1494-1566. 

Agricola, Karl Jos. Aloys. : Germ, painter, 1779-1852. 

Agricola, Mart., of Magdeburg : writer on music. 
1510*-1556. 

Agricola, Mich. : Finnish trans, of Bible, -1657. 

Agricola, Rud. (Hausmaim) : Germ, philol., 1443-85. 

Agricola, Rudolph: German humanist, 1491*-1621. 

Agricola, Wolfgang Christoph : German musical 
composer, fl, 1650*. 

Agrippa I., Herod : Kg. of the Jews, B.C. 10*-a.d. 44. 

Agnppa IL, Herod : son of Agrippa I., 27-100. 

Agrippa, Camillus : Milanese architect, fl. 1683. 

Agrippa, Castor : historian, fl. 135. 

Agrippa, Hein. Corn. : German cabalistic philosopher 
diplomatist, etc., 1486-1635. 

Agrippa, Marcus Vipsanius : Boman statesman. 

B.C. 63-B.O. 12. 

Agrippa, Postmnus : grandson of Augustus, vast 

B.C. 12-A.D. 14. O.J 



AGRIPPINA 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



AITCHISON 



Agripplna I., the Elder : wile ol Germanicus, ante 

B.C. 12-A.D. 33. 
Agrippina II., the Younger : daughter of Germanicus, 

mother o£ Nero, 15*-60. 
Agrippinus : Bishop of Carthage, fl. 200. 
Agthe, Carl Christ. : German organist and musical 

composer, 1762-179V. 
Aguado, Alex. Marie ; Spanish soldier in French 

service, and financier, 1784-1842. 
Aguado, Dionisio ; Spanish musician, 1784-1849, 
Aguado, Pedro : Span. -Franciscan monk, fl.J16th cent. 
Aguero, Joaquin de : Cuban revol., 1816-18.51. 
Aguesseau, d' : See D'Aguesseau. 
Agtteynaba I. : Sachem of Porto Eico, -1510. 
Aguiar, Tomas de : Span. port, pntr , -1679. 
Aguilar y Correa, Antonio, Marq. de la Vega di 

Armijo, Marq. de Mos : Spanish statesman and 

diplomatist, 1823-1908. 
Aguilar, Grace : English novelist and writer on 

Judaism, 1816-1847. 
Aguilar, Maria : Mexican authoress, 1695-1756. 
Aguilera de Heredia, Seb. : Spanish monk and 

musical composer, fl. 1600. 
Aguilera, Ventura Euiz ; Spanish poet, 1820-1881. 
Aguillon, FranQ. de ; Flemish mathematician and 

theologian, 1566-1617. 
Aguirra, Josef Saeny de : Spanish cardinal, writer 

and compiler, 1630-1699. 
Aguirre, Jos6 Maria : Mexican lawyer, 1778-1852. 
Aguirre, Lope de ; Spanish adventurer, fl. 16th cent. 
Agujari, Lucrezia : Italian vocalist, 1743-1783. 
Agus, Ben. : English divine and author, fl. 1662. 
Agus, Henri : French musical composer and professor 

of music, 1749-1798. 
Agustin, Miguel : prior of St. John of Perpignan, 

1560-1630*. 
Agustin y Grande, Francisco : Spanish historical 

painter, 1753-1800. 
Agustino, Don Ant. : Span, philologist,' 1517-1686. 
Agutter, Wm. : English preacher, 1768-1835. 
Agyleo or Agyiseus, Enrico : Italian-French lawyer 

and scholar, 1533-1595. 
Agyropulos, Joannes : Grk. philologist, 1416*-1486*. 
Ah, Jos. Ignaz von: German Catholic divine and 

writer, 1834-1896. 
Ahal) : King of Israel, B.C. -897. 
Ahaz : King of Judah, B.C. -726. 
Ahaziah: son of Ahab, King of Israel, B.C. -896. 
Aliaziah : son of Jehoram, King of Judah, B.C. 926- 

884. 
Ahenobarbus, Cn. Domitius : Eoman censor, fl. B.C. 

104-92. 
Ahlborn, Aug. Wilh. Julius : German landscape 

painter, 1796-1857. 
Ahle, Job. Eiodolph : Germ. mus. comp., 1625-1706. 
Ahlleld, Fried. : German theologian, 1810-1884. 
Ahlia Bai : woman ruler of Indore, -1795. 
Ahlstroem, Alof : Swed. mus. comp., 1766-1835. 
AWwardt, Christ. Wilh. : Germ. phUol., 1760-1830. 
Ahlwardt, Herm. : German anti-Semite, 1856-1914. 
Ahlwardt, Pet. ; German metaphysician, 1710-1791. 
Ahmad Khan, Sir Syad, Khan Bahadur ; Indian 

educationist, archseol., oihcial and wr., 1817-98. 
Ahmad Shad Abdall or Durani : Afghan military 

commander, -1772. 
Ahmed : Ottoman emperors. See Achmet. 
Ahmed-ben-Fares (El Kazi) : Arabian lawyer and 

lexicographer, -999*. 
Ahmed ben Hosein, Abul : Persian poet, fl. 1144-46. 
Ahmed ibn Hanbal : Arabian sectary, 780-855, 
Ahmed Khan : Mogul King of Persia, -1284. 
Ahmed Shah el Abdaly : 1st King of Candahar and 

Cabul, 1724-1773. 
Ahmed Ibn Toulun, Egyptian sectary, 835-884. 
Ahmed Veflk: Pasha, Turkish statesman and man 

of letters, 1819-1891. 
Ahna, Hein. Karl Herm. de : Austrian violinist and 

soldier, 1835-1892. 
Ahrendt (Arents), Mart. Fried. : German antiquary 

and palaeographer, 1769-1824. 
Ahrens, Franz Hein. Ludolf : German philologist 

and educationist, 1809-1881. 
Ahrens, Hein. : German jurist, 1808-1871. 
Ahuizoth : King of the Aztecs, -1602. 
AhumadayVillalon,Aug. de: Vic. of Mexico, -1760. 
Aiblinger, Johann Caspar : Bavarian musical com- 
poser, 1779-1867. 



Aichinger, Gregor: German organist and musical 

composer, 1686*-1628. 
Aickin (Aikin), Fes. : Irish actor, -1805. 
Aickln (Aikin), Jas., Irish actor, -1803. 
Aidan : King of Scotland, -606. 
Aldan, St. : Bishop ot Lindisfarne, -651. 
Aiii, Chas. Hamilton: Fr.-Eng. music, composer, 

poet, dramatist and novelist, 1826-1906. 
Aignan, Etienne : Fr. republican and wr., 1773-1824. 
Aiguillon, Emm. Armand de Wignerod du Plessis 

de Bichelieu, Duke of : Er. statesman, 1720-1782. 
Aiguillon, Marie Madeleine de Wignerod du Pont de 

Courlay, Duchesse d' : French philanthropist and 

patron of Corneille, 1604-1675. 
Aiken, Chas. Aug. : Amer. educat., 1827-1892. 
Aiken, Wm. : American statesman, 1806-1887. 
Aikenhead, Mary : foundress of the Irish Sisters of 

Charity, 1787-1858. 
Aikenhead, Thos. : Scottish atheist, 1678*-1696(7). 
Aikin : See also Aickin. 
Aikin, Anna Letitia : See Barbauld. 
Aikin, Arth. : Bug. chemist and mineral., 1773-1854. 
Aikin, Charles Eochemont : English physician and 

chemist, 1775-1847. 
Aikin, Edm. : English architect, 1780-1820. 
Aikin, Jno. : English theological tutor, 1713-1780. 
Aikin, Jno. : Eng. physn. and blog., 1747-1822. 
Aikin, Lucy : English historical writer, 1781-1864. 
Aikman, Alex. : American journalist, 1755-1838. 
Aikman, Geo.: Scot, painter and engraver, 1830-1905. 
Aikman, Wm. : Soot, portrait painter, 1682-1731. 
Ailesbury, Earls of : See Bruce. 
Aillebout, Louis d' : Fr. Gov. of Canada, -1660. 

Ailly, Pierre d' : French cardinal and theologian 

(' L'Aigle des Docteurs de France'), 1350-1420. 
Ailmer : See Ethelmser. 
Ailred, St. ; English theologian, historical writer and 

Abbot of Bievaulx, 1109-1166. 
Almard, Gust. (Olivier Glonx) : Fr. nov., 1818-83. 
Aimerich, Matth. : French philologist, 1715-1799. 
Almoin, of Aquitaine : Abbot of Fleury : French 

chronicler, 960*-1010*. 
Aimon (Haymo) : Bishop of Halberstadt and 

historian, -863. 
Aimon, Pamphile Leopold Fran?. : French cellist 

and musical composer, 1779-1866. 
Aindorfler, Kaspar : German abbot, 1402-1461, 
Ainger, Alf . : English divine and man of letters, 

1837-1904. 
Ainger, Thos. : English divine, 1799-1863. 
Ainmlller, Maximilian Emm. : German painter on 

glass and porcelain, 1807-1870. 
Ainslie, Geo. Bob. : British general, 1776-1839. 
Ainslie, Hy. : Eng. mathem. and physn., 1760-1834. 
Ainslie, Hew : Scottish poet, 1792-1878. 
Ainslie, Sir Hob. : Scottish diplomatist and 

numismatist, 1730*-1812. 
Ainslie, Bob. : Scottish religious writer and corre- 
spondent of Robert Bums, 1766-1838. 
Ainslie, Sir Whitelaw : Anglo-Indian surgeon and 

medical writer, 1767-1837. 
Alnsworth, Hy. : English Nonconformist divine and 

controversialist, 1571-1622. 
Ainswortb, Laban : American divine, 1757-1858. 
Ainsworth,Rob.: Eng. lexicog.and educat., 1660-1748. 
Ainswortb, Wm. Fes. : Eng. geographer, 1807-1896. 
Ainsworth, Wm. Harrison : English novelist, ' Old 

St. Paul's,' ' Wmdsor Castle,' etc., 1805-1882. 
Aio, monk of Croyland and historian, -974. 
Aiolle, Francesco dell' : See Layolle, Franciscus de. 
Airault, Pierre : advocate of Paris, 1636-1601. 
Airay, Christopher : Bug. wr. on logic, 1601-1670. 
Alray, Hy. : English Puritan divine, 1560*-1616. 
Aird, Sir Jno. : BngUsh contractor, 183-3-1911 . 
Aird, Thos. : Scottish editor and poet, 1802-1876 
Airedale, Lord : See Kitson, Jas. 
Airey, Sir Geo. : British general, 1761-1833. 
Airey, Sir Jas. Talbot : Brit, general, 181^-98. 
Airey, Rich., Lord Airey : Brit, general, 1803-1881. 
Airy, Sir Geo. Bidden : Bug. astron., 1801-1892. 
Alslable, Jno. : Eng. Chanc. of Excheq., 1670-1742. 
Aissi, Mile : Circassian-French letter writer and 

beauty, 1694*-173S. 
Aistulph : King of the Lombards, -766. 
Aitchison, Sir Chas. XJmpherston: Indian Civil 

Servant, 1832-1896. 
Aitchison, Geo. : English architect, 1825-1910. 



AITKEN 



DICTIONAEY OP tTNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



ALBERT 



Altken, Jas., ' John the Painter ' ^ English in- 
cendiary, 1752-1777. 
Altken, Jno. : Scottish editor ot Constable's 

•Miscellany,' 1793-1833. . 
Aitken, Rob. : American publisher, 1734-1802. 
Altken, Koberfc: English popular preacher and 

divine, 1800-1873. 
Altken, Sir Wm., F.B.S. : British pathologist and 

medical writer, 1826-1892. 
Aitkin, Jno. : Scottish surgeon, -1790. 
Alton, Jno. : Scottish religious writer, 1797-1863. 

Alton, Wm. : Scottish botanist, 1731-1793. 

Alton, Wm. : Scottish agriculturist, 1760-1848. 

Alton, Wm. Townsend : Scot, botanist, 1766-1849. 

Altzoma, Lienwe van ; Butch historian and states- 
man, 1600-1669. 

Aivazowski, Ivan : Russian marine painter and 
benefactor, 1818-1900. 

Alyangar, Sir Bhashyam : Indian judge, 1844-1908. 

Aiyar, Fulhucode Hama Sundara* Indian judge, 
1860-1914. 

Aiyar, Sir Sheshadri : Ind. statesman, 1845-1901. 

Aiyar, Sir Tiruvarur Mutusawmy : Indian judge, 
1832-1895. 

Aiyar, Yenkalarama Krishnaswami : Indian judge, 
govt, official, benel. and philanth., 1868-1911. 

Ajala, Martin Perez d' : Archbp. of Valencia, 1504-66. 

Ajudbia, Nath Pandit : Indian lawyer and nation- 
alist, 1840-1892. 

Akakla, Mart. : medical writer at Paris, 1539''-1688. 

Akbar : Emperor of Hindostan, 1542-1605. 

Akbar Khan : Aighan general, -1849. 

^kbeh, ben Nafi : Emir of Africa, -682. 

A Kempis, Nich. : Flemish organist, fl. 1628. 

Aken, Adolf Fried. : Germ, philologist, 1816-1869. 

Akenside, Mark, F.U.S. : English physician and 
poet, 1721-1770. 

Akerblad, Jno, David : Swedish Orientalist and 
antiquary, 1760-1819. 

Akerly, Sam. : Amer. physn. and geol., 1785-1845. 

Akerman^ John Yonge : English numismatist and 
antiquary, 1806-1873. 

Akeroyde, Sam. : English song writer, fl. 1680. 

Akers, Ben. Paul ; American sculptor, 1826-1861. 

Akhtal, Ghiyath ibn Harith : Arabian poet, 640*-710. 

Aklbah-ben-Joseph : Jewish rabbi and caballst, -135*. 

Akimov, Ivan Akimovich ; Buss, painter, 1754-1814. 

Akin, Thos. Beamish : Canadian jurist, 1809- 

Akinofl : Russian statesman, -1914. 

Ala, Giov. Batt. : Ital. org. andmus. comp., 1590*- 

Alabardi, Giuseppe (Schioppi) : Venet. pntr., fl. 1660. 

Alabaster, Wm. : Ene. Lat. poet and dlv., 1567-1640. 

Alabiev,Alex.Nicholavich : Russ.mus. comp.,1802-52. 

Alacoque, Marg. Marie : Fr. nun and mystic, 1647-90. 

Alain : See also Alanus. 

Alain de Lille (' tTniversal Doctor'): philosopher 
and poet, 1128*-1203. 

Alain Chartler : Fr. wr. and chronicler, 1386-1458. 

Alain, Jno. : Danish writer, ' Origin of the Cimbri,* 
1569-1630. 

Alain- Fournier, : French novplist, -1915. 

Alam&n, Lucas ; Mexican statesman, 1792-1853. 

Alamandus or Aleman, Louis : Fr. card., 1390-1450. 

Alamanni, Luigi : Flor. statesm. and poet, 1495-1656. 

Alaminos, Ant. : Span, discoverer of Yucatan, fl. 1517. 

Alamos de Barrientos, Baltasar : 1565-1640. 

Alan, of Beccles : Eng. sec. and arbitrator, -1240. 

Alan, of Lynn : Eng. Carmelite andtheol., -1421. 

Alan ; Abbot of Tewkesbury and biog., -1202. 

Alan, of Walsingham : English architect, -1364*. 

Alan, Wm. : See Allen, Wm., cardinal. 

Aland, Sir Jno. Fortescue, Baron Fortescue, 
English judge, 1670-1746. 

Alane, Alex. : See Alesius. 

Alanus : See also Alain. 

Alanus Flandrensis (de Ryssel) : Bishop of Auxerre, 
jioet 1100-1181-2. 

Alarcon, Ant. Suarez de : Span, historian, 1636*-63*. 

Alarcon, Hernando d' : Spanish navigator, fl, 1541. 

Alarcon, Pedro Ant, de, : Spanish writer, 1833-1891, 

Alarcon y Mendoza, Juan Ruiz de : Spanish 
dramatist, 1580*-1639, 

Alard, Fran?. : Flem. theologian, post 1500-1678. 

Alard, JeanDelphin : Ft. viol, and mus.comp,,1816-88, 

Alard, Lambert : Germ, theol, and iexicog,, 1602-72. 

Alaric I. : Kg, of Visigoths, conq. of Rome, 370*-410, 

Alarlc II. : King of Visigoths, -507. 



Alasco, John : See Laski, Jno, 
Alatheus (Odothseus) : Gothic mil, com., -386, 
Alaux, Jean (Le Romain) : Fr, hist, pntr., 1786-1864. 
Alava, Mig. Ricardo d' : Spanish statesman and gen- 
eral, 1770-1843. 
Alava Esqnivel, Diego d' : Bishop of Cordova, -1562. 
A'lawy Khan, Mirza Moham. Haskem: physician, 

1669-1749. 
Alba, Duke of : See Alvarez, Ferd. 
Alba, Fernando d' : See Ixtlilxochitl. 
Alban, St. : British proto-martyr, -304*. 
Albanese : Italian musician, 1729*-1800. 
Albanl, Aless., Italian cardinal, virtuoso and his- 
torical writer, 1692-1779. 
Albanl or Albano, Francesco : Italian allegorical 

and religious painter, 1578-1660. 
Albanl, Giov. Franc: cardinal and Roman states- 
man, 1720-1809, 
Albani,Giov,Girolamo: Ital ,card. and civil ian,1504^91, 
Albanl, Gius, : Ital, card, and statesman, 1750-1834. 
Albanl, Matthias : Italian violin maker, 1621-1673. 
Albano, Giov. Batt. : Italian historical and landscape 

painter, -1668. 

Albany, Dukes of : See Stewart and Leopold. 
Albany, Countess of : See Louisa. 
Albareti : Rom, painter, ' Christ in Glory,' fl, 1520, 
Albaten (Albategni) : Arabian geometrician and 

astronomer, 850*-929, 
Albedyll, Bmil von : German general, 1824-1897. 
Albee, Jno. : Amer. poet and author, 1833-1915. 
Albemarle, Dukes of : See Monck, 
Albemarle, Earls of : See Keppel, 
Albeniz, Pedro : Spanish organist and teacher ' of 

music, 1795-1856, 
Alberelll, Giacomo ; Venetian historical painter 

and sculptor, -1650, 
Albergati, Nice, St, : Italian cardinal, 1375-1443. 
Albergati, Count Pirro Capacelli : Italian musical 

composer, fl. 1663-1735. 
Albergatl-Capacelll, Franc, Marquis d' : Italian 

dramatist, 1728-1804. 
Albergotti, B^anc. : civilian at Florence, 1304^1376. 
Alberio, of Aix : hist, of 1st Crusade, 1060*-1120*. 
Alberic : Marq. of Camerino, Gov. of Rome, -954. 
Alberic, of Monte Cassino : cardinal, -post 1083. 
Alberic, of Trois-Fontaines : clironicler, fl. 1241*. 
Albericl, Enrico : Ital. hist, and rel. pntr., 1714-75. 
Alberieus, Jno : See Aubrey, 
Alberoni, Giulio : Italian-Spanish cardinal and 

statesman, 1664^1752, 
Albert, of Alx : See Alberic. 

Albert I. : Emperor, Duke of Austria I., 1250*-1308. 
Albert n. ; Duke of Austria V., 1397-1439. 
Albert I. : Duke of Austria, Emperor I., 1248-1308. 
Albert n., ' The Lame and the Wise ' : Duke of 

Austria, 1298-1368. 
Albert IIL : Duke of Austria, 1348-1395. 
Albert IV., ' ThePatient" : Duke otAustria,1377-1404. 
Albert V., ' The Illustrious ' : Duke of Austria, 

Emperor II., 1398-1439. 
Albert VL, ' The Prodigal ' : Duke of Austria, 1418-63. 
Albert : Archduke of Austria and Governor of 

Netherlands, 1559-1621. 
Albert : Archdk. of Austria and com,-in-chf ,, 1817-66, 
Albert, ' Alcibiades of Germany ' : Margrave of 

Baireuth, 1522-1557, 
Albert I. : Margrave of Brandenburg, (' The Bear * 

and ' The Fata '), 1100*-1170. 
Albert II. : Margrave of Brandenburg, 1174-1220. 
Albert III., ' Achilles and Ulysses ' : Elector of 

Brandenburg, 1414-1486. 
Albert, of Brandenburg : Grand Master of Teutonic 

Order and 1st Duke of Prussia, 1490-1568, 
Albert, of Brandenburg and Culmbach : See Albert, 

Margrave of Baireuth, 
Albert, ' The Great ' : Duke of Brunswick, -1278. 
Albert : Prince Consort of England, 1819-1861. . 
Albert : cardinal. Elector and Archbishop of Mainz 

and Archbishop of Magdeburg, 1490-1646. 
Albert : Archbp. of Mentz and consptaator, -1137. 
Albert Victor Christ. Edw. : Duke of Clarence and 

Avondale, 1864-1892. 
Albert I. : Duke and Elector of Saxony, -1260. 
Albert IL ; Duke and Elector of Saxony, -1298. 
Albert in. : Duke and Elector of Saxony, 1443-1500. 
Albert, of Stade : chronicler, -1260. 
Albert, of Strassburg : chronicler, fl. 14th cent. 



ALBERT 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



ALCUDIA 



Albert, of Mecklenburg : King o£ Sweden, -1412. 
Albert, of Saxony : Duke of Thuringia, -1314(16). 
Albert, ' The Great ' : See Albertus Magnus. 
Albert : French mechanic and journalist, -1815*. 
Albert Azzo : Lord of Bste, -1097. 
Albert Casimir I.P.F. : Duke of Saxe-Tesohen, 

1738-1822. 
Albert Fred. Aug. : King of Saxony, 1826-1902. 
Albert, Chas, d' : Duke of Luynes, Constable of 

France, 1678-1621. 
Albert, Charles Louis Napoleon d' : German-English 

teacher of music, 1809-1886. 
Albert, Erasmus : German divine, -1551. 
Albert, Hein. : Germ, lyric poet and music, 1604-51. 
Albert, Jean Bapt. : French general, 1771-1822. 
Albert, Jno. : Amer. naval engineer, 1836-1880. 
Albert, Krantz ; German historian, -1517. 
Albert, Ludw. Jos. d' : Prince of JGrimberghen, field 

marshal and ambassador, 1672-1768. 
Albert, Maurice : Fr. prof, of literature, -1907. 
Albert, Mich. : German poet, 1836-1893. 
Albert, Simon : Dutch historical painter, 1523- 
Albertazzl, Emma : English vocalist, 1814-1847. 
Albertet (Albert de Sisteron) : French troubadour, 

mathematician and poet, fl. 1275-1290. 
Albert!, Alessandro : Italian painter, 1661-1696. 
Albert!, Antonio : Ital. port, and rel. pntr., fl. 1433. 
Albert!, Aristotile : Italian engineer, fl. 16th cent. 
Albert!, Benedetto : Flor. political leader, -1388. 
Alberti, Cherubino (Borgheggiano) : Italian his- 
torical painter and engraver, 1653-1615. 
Albert!, Dom. : Venetian musician, 1710*-1740. 
Alberti, Durante : Italian painter in oil and fresco, 

1638-1613. 
Albert!, Eduard Christ. Seharlau : Germ, wr., 1827-98. 
Alberti, Geo. Wm. : Germ, essayist in Eng., 1723-68. 
Alberti, Giov. : Italian painter of perspective and 

historian, 1558-1601. 
Alberti, Giuseppe : Tyrolese rel. pntr., 1664-1730. 
Albert!, Job. : German Orientalist, -1559. 
Alberti, Joh. : German philologist, 1698-1762. 
Alberti, Leander : Ital. Domin. and hist., 1479-1562*. 
Albert!, Leone Batt. : Italian poet, architect, philo- 
sopher, musician, painter and sculptor, 1404-1472. 
Albert!, Mich. : medical writer at Halle, 1682-1757. 
Albert!, Pietro Francesco : Italian historical painter 

and engraver, 1584-1638. 
Albert!, Sal. : German anatomist, 1540-1600. 
Alberti 4! Villanova, Franc. : Ital. lexicog., 1737-1800. 
Albertinelli.Mariotto di Bagio : Flor. pntr., 1474-1516. 
Albertlni, Franc. : Florentine antiquary, fl. 16th cent. 
Albertlni, Franc. : Calabrian Jesuit, -1619. 
Albertlni, Paolo : Venetian priest, author and 

politician, 1430*-1475. 
Albertolll, Giocondo : Italian painter and sculptor, 

1742-1840. 
Albertrandy, Jan Chrzciciet : Polish numismatist, 

1731-1808. 
Albertus Magnus ; Germ, scholastic philos., 1206*-80. 
Albertus, H. C. : Germ. pntr. and engrav., -1680*. 
Alberus, Erasmus : German theologian, humanist 

and poet, 1600*-1663. 
Albery, James : English dramatist, 1838-1889. 
Albezi, Earth. : Italian Franciscan monk, -1401. 
Aibi, Hen. ; French Jesuit writer, 1590-1669. 
Albln, Eleazar : English naturalist and water-colour 

painter, fl. 1713-1759. 
Albln, Henry : Bng. Ejected minister, 1624-1696. 
Alblni, Aless. : Italian painter, 1568-1646. 
Albinl, Franz Jos. : Germ, diplomatist, 1748-1816. 
Albin! (Brito), Wm. de. : Eng. Justiciar, -1156. 

Alblni (Pincerna),Wm. de.: Ea. of Arundel, -1176. 
Alblni, Wm. de : Earl of Arundel, -1221. 

Albin! (Aubeney), Wm. de: English baronial 

leader, -1236. 
Albinoni, Tomasso : Italian dramatist, composer and 

violinist, 1674*-1745. 
Alblnovanus, C. Pedo : Roman poet, fl. 15. 
Albinus : Abbot of St. Peter's, Canterbury, -732. 
Albinus (Weiss), Bern. : Germ. med. wr., 1663-1721. 
Albinus, Bern. Siegfried : Germ, anat., 1697-1770. 
Albinus, Christ. Bern. : Germ, anat. wr., -1752. 
Albinus, Clodius : rival of Emperor Septimus 

Seieru'i, 150*-197. 
Albinus, L. Postumius : Koman Consul, -B.C. 216. 
Albinus (Weiss), Pet. : Germ, poet and hist., -1598. 
Alblrun! AbuRihan: geog.andastron.,970{l)-1038(9). 



AIMS (Albius) : See White, Thos. 
Albltte, Ant. Louis : French Jacobin, -1812. 
Albizzi, Bart. ; Tuscan Cordelier and wr., -1401 . 
Alblzzi, Maso degli : Flor. statesman, 1347-1417. 
Albizzi, Piero degli : Flor. statesman, -1382. 
Albizzi, Einaldo degli : Flor. statesman, -1452. 
Albo, Jos. : Span, rabbi and theol., -1428. 
Alboin : 1st King of the Lombards, -573*. 
Albon, Jacques d' : Marquis of Fronsac and Marshal 

of France, -1662. 
Alboni, Marietta (Ctss. Pepolo and Mme Ziegler) : 

Italian vocalist, 1823-1894. 
Alboni, Paolo : Ital. lands, pntr., 1671 (? 1650)-1734. 
Alboresi, Giacomo : Bolognese hist, pntr., 1632-1677. 
Albornoz, Gil. Alvarez Carillo : Archbishop of 

Toledo and cardinal, post 1300-1367. 
Albrecht V. : Count of Hohenberg and Bishop of 

Freising, 1303-1359. 
Albrecht, Archduke : Austr. fleld marshal, 1817-95. 
Albrecht, Balthasar Augustin : German historical 

painter, 1687-1765. 
Albreoht,Dan.ludw. : Germ. Govt. offlcial,1765-1835. 
Albrecht, Hein. Wilh. Eduard : German professor 

of dentistry, 1823-1883. 
Albrecht, Karl Martin Paul : German professor of 

medicine, 1861-1894. 
Albrecht, J. A. Mich, von : Germ, jurist, 1807-1878. 
Albrecht, Wilh. : Germ, agriculturist, 1786-1848. 
Albrecht, Wilh. Eduard : Germ, jurist, 1800-1876. 
Albrechtsberger, Joh. Geo. : Germ, comp., 1736-1809. 
Albret, Hen. d' : See Henry II., King of Navarre. 
Albret, Jeaime d' : See D' Albret. 
Albright, Jac. : Amer. M.E. bishop, 1759-1808. 
Albucasis : Arabian physician, -1106*. 
Albumazar : Arabian astronomer, 806-885. 
Albuquerque, Alfonso d' ; Portuguese conqueror in 

India, 1453-1515. 
Albuquerque, Alfonso : Port, ambassador, -1811. 
Albuquerque, Matth. : Portuguese general, -1646. 
Albuquerque Coelho, Edw. d': Port, soldier, -1658. 
Albutius, T. : Epicurean philos., fl. B.C. 125-103. 
Alcfeus : comic poet, fl. B.C. 388. 
Alcseus, of Messene : epigrammatist, fl. B.C. 219-196. 
Alcieus, of Mytilene : lyric poet, fl. B.C. 606-589. 
Alcali, Galiano Dlonlsio : Span, general, 1762-1806. 
Alcamenes : Athenian sculptor, fi. B.o. 444-400. 
Alc&ntara, Franp. Linares : Venez. statesm., 1830-79, 
Alcasar, Luis de : Span. Jesuit and author, 1664-1613. 
Alcedo, Ant. : Spanish geographer, fl. 18th century. 
Aloetas : Macedonian general, -B.C. 320. 
Alchfrith : son of Oswin under-King of the Deirans, 

fl. 655. 
Alcbin, Wm. Turner : Eng. antiquary, 1790-1865. 
Alchmnnd : Bishop of Hexham, -781. 
Alciati, And. : Ital. restorer of Kom. law, 1492-1550. 
Alciatl, Gian Paolo, of Milan.: Socinian wr., 16th cent. 
Alclbar, Jos6 : Mexican painter, fl. 1729-1779. 
Alclbiades: Athen. gen. and statesm. B.C. 450*-404. 
Alcidamas: Gk. sophist and rhetorician,fl. B.C. 432-11. 
Alcidas ; Spartan naval com., fl. B.C. 428-426. 
Alcimus : rhetorician, fl. B.C. 300. 
Alcimus, Aletliius : rhetorician, fl. 355. 
Alcinous : Platonic philosopher, 1st or 2nd cent. A.D. 
Alcionio, Pietro : Ital. classical scholar, 1487*-1527. 
Alciphron : Gk. sophist and rhetorician, fl. 170*. 
AlcmsBon : Gk. natural pliilosopher, fl. B.C. 600. 
Alcman : lyric poet of Sardis, fl. B.C. 671-631. 
Alcocer, Vidal : Mexican philanthropist, 1801-1861. 
Alcock, Jno : Bishop of Ely, 1430*-1500. 
Alcock(Allcock),Jno.: Eng. org.and comp., 1715-1806. 
Alcock, Nathan : English physician, 1707-1779. 
Alcock, Nath. Hy. : Irish-Canad. physiol., 1870-1913. 
Alcock, Sir Uutherford : Eng. diplomatist, 1809-97. 
Alcock, Simon : Eng. scholastic wr., -1458. 
Alcock, Thos.; English agent of the Muscovy Com- 
pany, -1564. 
Alcock, Thos. : Eng. miscellaneous wr., 1709-1798. 
Alcock, Thos. : Eng. surgeon and writer, 1784-1833. 
Alcoforado, Mariano : Port, authoress, 1640-1723. 
Alcott, Amos Bronson : American educationist and 

writer, 1799-1888. 
Alcott, Louisa May : American authoress, * Little 

Women,' 1832-1888. 
Alcott, Wm. Alex. : Amer. educat. wr., 1798-1859. 
Alcied : King of Northumbria, 740*-789. 
Alcudia, Man. de GodDy,Duke of : Prince of the Peace, 

1764(7)-1828. 



10 



ALCUIN 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



ALEXANDER 



Alcuin (Flacius Albinus) : English theologian, schol. 

and poet and adviser of Charlemagne, 735-804. 
Alcyonius, Pet. : Italian litterateur. 1487-1527*. 
Aldam, Thos. : English Quaker, -1660. 

Aldama, Igaacio : Mexican patriot, -1811. 
Aldana, Ramon : Mexican poet, 1832-1882. 
Alday, Jno. : English translator from French of 

' Theatrum Mundi,' etc., fl. 1570. 
Aldborough, Earl of : See Stratford. 
Aldegonde, Baron St. ; See Marnix. 
Aldegrever (Aldegrsef), Hein. : German painter and 

engraver, 1602-1558. 
Alden, Bradford R. : American commandant of 

West Point, 1800-1870. 
Alden, Ebenezer : American physician, 1788-1881. 
Alden, Ichabod : American soldier, 1739-1778. 
Alden, Jas. ; American rear-admiral, 1810-1877, 
Alden, Jno. : one of the Pilgrim Fathers, 159e*-1687. 
Alden, Jos. : American educationist, 1807-1885. 
Alden, Roger : American soldier, 1754-1836. 
Alden, Tim. : Amer. divine and writer, 1771-1839. 
Alden, Tim. : American inventor, 1819-1858. 
Aldenham, Lord : See Gibbs, Hy. Hucks. 
Aldenrath, Hein. Jakob : German portrait and minia- 
ture painter, 1776-1844. 
Alder, Joshua : English zoologist, 1792-1867. 
Alderete, Diego Gratian : Span, writer, 16th cent. 
Alderotl, Taddeo : Florentine physn., 1216-1295. 
Aldersley, Laurence : English traveller in the East, 

fl. 1581-1586. 
Aldecson, Amelia : See Opie. 
Alderson, Sir Edw. Hall: English judge, 1787-1857. 
Alderson, Hy. Jas. : Canadian general, 1834-1909. 
Alderson, Su: Jas., F.R.S. ; Eng. physn., 1794-1882. 
Alderson, Jno. : Bug. physn. and med. wr., 1767-1829. 
Aldewereld, H. van : Dutch portrait pntr., fl. 1650. 
Aldlrith (Ealdfrith, Eahfrith) : King of Northumbria, 

-705. 
Aldgyth : daughter of iElfgar, Earl of Mercia, fl. 1063. 
Aldhelm, St. : English scholar and bishop of Sher- 
borne, 640*-709. 
Aldhun (Ealdhun) : 1st Bp. of Durham, -1018. 

Aiding, Hein. : Germ.-Ital. bookbinder, fl. 1473-80. 
Aldini, Giov. ; Ital. experiment,il philos., 1762-1834. 
Aldis, Sir Chas. : English surgeon, 1775»-1863. 
Aldis, Chas. Jas. Berridge : Eng. physn., 1808-1872. 
Aldobrandini, Silvestro : Flor. jurist, 1499-1558. 
Aldred : ' the Glossator/ fl. 10th century. 
Aldred ; Archbishop of York, -1069. 
Aldrleh, Hy. : English theologian, logician, architect 

and musical composer, 1647-1710. 
Aldrich, Jas. ; American poet, 1810-1856. 
Aldrich, Nelson Wilmarth : Amer. senator ^1841-191 5. 
Aldrich (Aldridge), Rob. : Bishop of Carlisle, -1556. 
Aldrich, Thos. Bailey : American poet and journalist 

1836-1907. 
Aldridge, Dav. : English-Burmese official and Burmese 

scholar, 1844-1912. 
Aldridge, Ira, ' African Roscius ' : negro tragedian, 

-1867. 
Aldridge, Wm. : Eng. Noncouf . divine, 1737-1797. 
Aldringer, Job. Count von : Austr. sold., 1588-1634. 
Aldrovandi, Ulisses : Italian naturalist, 1522-1605. 
Aldrovandini, Gius. Antonio Vincenzo; Italian 

musical composer, 1673*- 
Aldrovandini, Tommaso : Bolognese pntr., 1653-1736. 
Aldulf : King of Northumbria. See Eardwulf. 
AlduU (Ealdulf ) : Archbishop of York, -1002. 
Aldus : See Manutius. 

Mi, Gilles : Flemish religious painter, fl. 1670. 
Aleander, Hieron. (Girol, Aleandro) : Italian 

cardinal, 1480-1542. 
Aleander, Hieron. (Girol. Aleandro) : Italian nhilo- 

logist, 1674-1629. 
Alear'di, Aleardo, Count : Italian poet, 1812-1878. 
Alecsandri, Vasile : Rumanian lyric poet, 1821-1890 
Aled, Tudnr : Welsh poet, fl. 1480-1525. 
Aledran : Governor of Septimania, -852. 
Alelounder, Jno. : Eng. port, and min. pntr., -1795. 
Alegambe, Phil. : Flem. Jesuit and hist., 1592-1661. 
Alegre, Francisco J. : Mexican author, 1729-1788. 
Aleksyeev, Feodor Jakovlevich (The Russian Cana- 

letto) : Russian painter, 1757-1824. 
Aleman, Louis : cardinal. Archbishop of Aries and 

statesman, 1390*-14i50. 
Aleman, Mateo : Spanish novelist and man of letters, 

1547-1609«. 



Alemand, Louis Aug., of Grenoble : advocate and 

writer, 1653-1728. 
Alemanni, Luiei : Italian poet, I495-15o6. 
Alemanni, Nicblo : Italian philologist, 1583-1626. 
Alemanno, Giov. (Giov. da Murano) : German-Italian 

religious painter, fl. 1440. 
Alemany, Jos. Sadoc; Archbishop of San Francisco, 

1814- 
Alembert, d' : See D'Alembert. 
Alen or Olen, Jan van : Dutch painter, 1651-1698. 
Alenfa, Jos6 M. d' : Brazilian jurist, 1829-1877. 
Aiencastre Norona y Silva, Fernando : 35th Viceroy 

of Mexico, fl. 1711-1716. 
Alengon, Chas. de Valois, Count of : -1346. 
Alenson, Chas., Duke of, and of Anjou : 1489-1584. 
Alen^on, FranQ. de Valois, Duke of : Fr. gen., 1554-84. 
Alen^on, Job. de Valois, 1st Duke of, 1385-1415. 
Alen;on, Rene, Duke of, -1492. 
Aleni, Tommaso de (II Fadino) ; Italian religious 

painter, 1500-1560. 
Alenio, GiuJio : Ital. Jesuit miss, to China, 1582-1649. 
Aleotti, Giov. Batt. : Italian architect, 1646-1636. 
Aler, Paul : Flem. Jesuit and philologist, 1656-1727. 
Ales (Alesius), Alex. : Scot. Prot. div., 1500-1565. 
Alesio (da Leece), Matt. Perez de : Italian-Spanish 

painter and engraver, 1547-1600. 
Alesius (Aless). Alex. : Scottish-German Lutheran 

divine, 1600-1565. 
Alessandri : See Alexander. 
Alessandro, Romano ; Italian musician and musical 

composer, fl. 1570. 
Alessi, Galeazzo : Italian architect; 1512-1572. 
Aletino, Benedetto : Italian anti-Cartesian philo- 
sopher, -1719. 
Alexander, the Paphlagonian : magician, fl. 167. 
Alexander : one of the Thirty Tyrants, -311. 
Alexander : Bishop of Alexandria and opponent of 

Arius, -325(6). 
Alexander : Eng. abbot, envoy and writer, -1217* . 
Alexander, of Ashby, fl. 1220. 
Alexander,of Battenburg: Prince of Bu]garia,1867-93. 
Alexander, of Canterbury, fl. 1120*. 
Alexander, of Damascus : peripatetic philosopher, 

fl. 160-180. 
Alexander I. : King of Egypt, -B.C. 89. 
Alexander 11. : King of Egypt, -B.C. 80. 
Alexander I. : King of Epu:us, -B.C. 328*. 
Alexander II. : King of Epirus, -B.C. 260. 
Alexander, of Hales : * Irrefragable Doctor,' English 

theologian, -1245. 

Alexander ; Bishop of Jerusalem, -250(1). 
Alexander : King of the Jews ; son of Aristobulus II., 

-B.C. 49. 
Alexander ; Bishop of Lincoln, -1148. 
Alexander I. : King of Macedon, -B.C. 454. 
Alexander II. : King of Macedon, -B.C. 367. 
Alexander III., ' the Great ' : King of Macedon, 

B.C. 356-323. 
Alexander IV,, iEgus : King of Macedon, -B.C. 310. 
Alexander V., ^Egus : King of Macedon, -B.C. 294. 
Alexander : tyrant of Pheirse, -B.C. 358. 
Alexander I. ; Pope, -119. 

Alexander II. ( Anselmo da Baggio) : Pope, -1073. 
Alexander III. (Rolando Bandinelli): Pope, -1181. 
Alexander IV. (Rinaldo di Segnl) : Pope, -1261. 

Alexander V. (Pietro Filargo) : Pope. 1329*-1410. 
Alexander VI.(Rod. Lenzoh Borgia) : Pope, 1431-1503. 
Alexander VII. (Fabio Chigi) ; Pope, 1599-1667. 
Alexander YIII. (Pietro Ottoboni) : Pope, 1610-1691. 
Alexander ; King of Poland and Grand Duke of 

Lithuania, 1461-1506. 
Alexander U. : Grand Duke of Russia, -1328. 
Alexander I. : Czar of Russia, 1777-1825. 
Alexander 11. : Czar of Russia, 1818-1881. 
Alexander III. : Czar of Russia, 1845-1894. 
Alexander I., ' The Fierce ' : King of Scotland 

1078*-1124. 
Alexander IL : King of Scotland, 1198-1249. 
Alexander III. : King of Scotland, 1241-1286. 
Alexander : Prince of Servia, 1806-1885. 
Alexander : King of Servia, 1876-1903. 
Alexander, Prince : German general, 1823-1888. 
Alexander, of Ville Dieu : grammarian, fl. 1209. 
Alexander Mgssas : peripatetic philos., fl. bef . B.C. 50. 
Alexander ffitolns : poet and gram., fl. B.C. 250. 
Alexander ab Alexandre : Neap, jurist, 1461(71)-1523. 
Alexander Aphrodisiensis : commentator, fl. 200*. 



U 



ALEXANDER 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



ALI 



Alexander Balas : King of Syria, -b.o. 146. 
Alexander Cornelius : historian, B.C. 143* - 
Alexander Callus de Villa Dei : I'rench philologist, 

fl. 1199-1212. 
Alexander Isius : Maoed. ambassador, fl. B.C. 198-189. 
Alexander Jagellon : King of Poland, 1461-1606. 
Alexander Jannseus : King of the Jews, -B.C. 77. 
Alexander Jaroslawitz Nevskoi, St. : Grand Ddke of 

Russia, 1219-1263. 
Alexander Karageorgewitch : Prince of Servia, 

1806-1886. 
Alexander Lyneestes : conspirator, -3.30 B.O. 
Alexander Neckam (Nequam) : abbot of Exeter, 

-1227. 
Alexander Peloplaton : rhetorician, fl. 160-170. 
Alexander Severus : Emperor of Kome, 206-235, 
Alexander Trallianus : Greek physician, fl. 540. 
Alexander Zebina : King of Syria, -122(4) B.C. 

Alexander, Mis. : See Hector, Mrs. Aiuiie French. 
Alexander, Abr. : Amer. statesman, 1718-1786. 
Alexander, Archer : Amer. freed slave, 1810-1879 
Alexander, Arch. : American educationist and 

Presbyterian divine, 1772-1851. 
Alexander, Barton Stone : Amer. soldier, 1819-1878. 
Alexander, Benedictus, of Verona : anatomist, fl. 1503. 
Alexander, Boyd : Eng. expl. and ornith., 1873-1910. 
Alexander, Caleb : American divine, 1776-1828. 
Alexander, Cecil Frances {n4e Humphreys) : English 

poetess and tractarian, 1818-1895. 
Alexander, Dan. Asher : Bug. architect, 1768-1846. 
Alexander, Edm. B. : Amer. brig.-gen., 1800- 
Alexander, Fos. : Amer. portrait painter, 1800-1881. 
Alexander, Geo. : Canadian senator, 1814- 
Alexander, Helen : Scottish heroine, 1654-1729. 
Alexander, Hy. : Scottish journalist, -1914. 
Alexander, Jas. : American lawyer, 1690*-1766. 
Alexander, Sir Jas. Edw., F.B..S. : British general 

and traveller, 1803-1885. 
Alexander, Jas. Waddell : American divine and 

author, 1804-1859. • 
Alexander, Job. ; German cellist, fl. 1800. 
Alexander, Jno. : Eng. Presbyterian div., -1743. 
Alexander, Jno. : Irish commentator, 1736-1766. 
Alexander, Jno. Henry : Amer. scientist, 1812-1867. 
Alexander, Jos. Addison : American divine and 

Orientalist, 1809-1860. 
Alexander, Louis Chas. : Scot, miscell. wr., 1839-1913. 
Alexander, Massarias : Ital. med. wr., -1598. 
Alexander, Mich. Sol. : Anglican Bishop of 

Jerusalem, 1799-1845. 
Alexander, Nath. : Amer. physician, 1766-1808. 
Alexander, Nic, of St. Maur : medical and botanical 

writer, 1654-1728. 
Alexander, Bob. : member of American Continental 

Congress, 1740*-1796. 
Alexander, Sam. Davles ; Amer. divine, 1819-1894. 
Alexander, Steph. : American astronomer, 1806- . 
Alexander, Thos., Earl of Selkirk : Scottish political 

writer, 1774-1820. 
Alexander, Thos. : British admiral, -1843. , 
Alexander, Walter Lorenzo : Brit, sold., 1872-1915. 
Alexander, Sir Wm., Earl of Stirling ' Visct. Canada ' : 

Scottish statesman and poet, 1567*-1640. 
Alexander, Wm., ' Earl of Stirling ' : American 

officer and astronomer, 1726-1783. 
Alexander, Wm. : English artist and keeper of prints, 

British Museum, 1767-1816. 
Alexander, Wm. : Archbishop of Armagh, poet and 

theological writer, 1824-1911. 
Alexander, Wm. Cowper : Amer. lawyer, 1806-1874. 
Alexander, Wm. Lindsay : Scottish Congregational 

divine, 1808-1884. 
Alexandre, of Paris : poetical inventor of Alex- 
andrine measure, fl. 12th century. 
Alexandre, Chas. : French philologist, 1797- 
Alexandre, Jacques : French Benedictine, 1663-1734. 
Alexandre, Noel (Natalis) : French Dominican ecclesi- 
astic and church historian, 1639-1724. 
Alexandrlni de Neustaln, Jul. : German philosopher 

and medical writer, 1506-1590. 
Alexis : Greek comic poet, B.o. 394-poB< 288. 
Alexis I., Comnenus ; Emp. of Trebizond, 1182-1222. 
Alexis II., Comnenus: Emp. of Trebizond, 1282-1330. 
Alexis III., Comnenus : Emp. of Trebizond, -1390. 
Alexis IV., Comnenus : Emp. of Trebizond, -1446*. 
Alexis : Piedmontese traveller, -1565*. 
Alexis (Michaelovitch) : Czar of Russia, 1630-1677. 



Alexis (Petrovitch) : Czar of Russia, 1690(5)-1718. 
Alexis, Nord : President of Hayti, -1910. 
Alexis, Willibald (Geo. Wilh. Hein. Haring) : German 

historical novelist, 1798-1871. 
Alexis del Areo : Span, portrait pntr., 1625-1700. 
Alexius I., Comnenus : Emperor of Constantinople, 

1048-1118. 
Alexius II., Comnenus (' Porphyrogenitus ') ; Em- 
peror of Constantinople, 1167-1183. 
Alexius III., Angelus Comnenus : Emperor of 

Constantinople, -1210. 
Alexius IV., Angelus : Emperor of Constantinople, 

1190*-1204. 
Alexius v., Ducas (' Murtzuflle') : Emperor of 

Constantinople, -1204. 
Alexius Mikhailovich : Tsar of Muscovy, 1629-1676. 
Alexius Petrovich : Russian tsarevich, 1690-1718. 
Aleyn, Chas. : English historical poet, -1640. 
Alf : See ^If. 

Alfani, Dom., ' di Paris ' : Ital. painter, 1483*-1553. 
Altani, Orazio : Italian painter, 1510'-1583. 
Alfarabius (Alfarabi) : Arab, philosopher, -950. 
Aliaro y Gomez, Juan de : Span, painter, 1640-1680. 
Altergani : See Aifraganus. 
Alfleld (Aufleld), Thos., alias Badger : English Roman 

Catholic priest. -1585. 
Alfleri, Pietro : Ital. monk and wr. on mu-sic, 1801-63. 
Alflerl, Vittorio, Count ; Italian poet and dramattat, 

1749-1803. 
Alfonso : See also Alphonso. 
Alfonso ; Infante of Castile, 1453-1468. 
Alfonso de Famora : Hebraist, -1581*. 
Alfonso de Palencia (Palentinus) : Spanish historian, 

1423-1495*. 
Alfonso di Este I.: Duke of Ferrara and Modena, 

1476-1534. 
Alfonso IX. : King of Leon, -1230. 
Alfonso, Pedro (Rabbi Moses Sephardi) : Spanish 

Jewish theologian and physician, 1062-1140*. 
Alford, Chas. Rich. : Bishop of Victoria, 1816- 
Alford, Hy. : English scholar and Dean of Canter- 
bury, 1810-1871. 
Alford, Jno. : Amer. philanthropist, 1685-1761. 
Alford, Jno. : English musician, fl. 1568. 
Alford, Marianne Marg., Viscountess Alford; artist, 

1817-1888. 
Alford (Griffiths), Mich. : English Jesuit and ecclesi- 
astical historian, 1587-1662. 
Aifraganus, ' the Calculator ' : Arabian astronomer, 

-830. 
Alfrago, Andrea : Italian physician, -1520. 
Alfred : See also Alfred. 
Alfred (Alured), of Beverley : English historian, 

fl. 1143. 
Alfred : monk of Malmesbury and Bishop of Crediton, 

fl. 10th centurv. 
Alfred : King of Northumbria, -706. 
Alfred, Prince : youngest son of George III., 1780-82. 
Alfred Ernest Albert, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and 

Gotha, 1844-1900. 
Algardi, Alessandro : Bolognese architect, sculptor 

and engraver, 1602-1664. 
Algarottl, Franc, Count : Italian critic, philosopher 

and writer on art, 1712-1764. 
Alger, of Li6ge or of Cluny : French priest and scholar, 

-1131*. 
Alger, Cyrus : American inventor, 1781-1866. 
Alger, Jno. Goldworth : English journalist and 

historical writer, 1836-1907. 
Alger, Russell Alex. : American senator, statesman 

and general, 1836-1907. 
Alghalib-BUlali : 1st Moorish King of Granada, 1196- 

1273. 
Algbazzali : See El Ghazzali. 

Alghlsi, Frauc.of Brescia : musical comp., 1666-1733. 
Alghisi, Tommaso-: Ital. llthotomist, 1669-1713. 
Alhazel (Alhazen) : Arabian astronomer and optician 

-1038(9). 
All : son-in-law of Mahomet, 4th caliph, 602*-661. 
All : Nizam of Hyderabad, -1803. 
Ali Beg (Beigh) : dragoman and translator of Bible, 

-1675. 
Ali Ben Rodhoan (Eodvan) : Arabian physician, 

-1061(67, 68). 
Ali Bey: adventurer and ruler of Egypt, 1728*-1773. 
Ali Bey (Domingo Badia y Leblich) : Spanish 

traveller, 1766-1818. 



12 



ALI 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



ALLEN 



AH Bey : ruler of Tunis, -1902. 

AU Ibn Abu Taleb : caliph, 598-661. 

All Hin el Abbas : Arabian physician, -994(5). 

All Ibn Yonnis ; Arabian astronomer, -1008. 

All Ibrahim Khan : Ind. judge and poet, -1793*. 

All Khan Bahadur, Sir Mahomed Munawar ; Prince 

oJ Aroot, 1858-1903. 
All Komonrdji : Turkish grand vizier, -1716. 
All Pasha ('the Lion of Janina ') : Turldsh pasha, 

1741-1822. 
All Tusel, Sheildi : Egyptian journ. and pol., -1913. 
All-bassa : Ottoman general, 1594*-1663. 
Alibaud, Louis : would-be assassin of King Louis 

Philippe, -1836. 
Alibert, Jean Loujs, Baron : Fr. physn., 1769-1837. 
Allbertl, Giov. Carlo : Italian painter, 1680-1740*. 
Alibrando, Girolamo (the ICaphael of Messina) : 

Sicilian painter, 1470-1524. 
Alice Maud Mary : Princess of England, 1843-1878. 
Alighierl : See Dante. 

Allgnan, Benftit d' : Fr. theologian, 1190*-1268. 
Aligre, Btienne de ; French jurist, 1550-1635. 
Allmentus, L. Cincius : Roman jurist and annalist, 

fl. B.C. 218-190. 
Alin, Oscar Jos. : Swed. hist, and pol., 1846-1900. 
Alington, Irf)rd : See Sturt, Hy. Gerard. 
Aliprandi, Bernardo : Italian- German musician and 

composer, fl. 1732-1740. 
Alison, Arch. : Bng. divine and essayist, 1757-1839. 
Alison, Sir Arch. : English historian, ' History of 

Europe,' 1792-1867. 
Alison, Sir Arch. : British general, 1826-1907. 
Alison, Fes. : Irlsh-Amer. educationist, 1706-1779. 
Alison, Vfm. Pulteney : Scot. med. wr., 1790-1859. 
Aliverdi Khan : Indian ruler, 1676'-1756. 
Alkan, Chas, Hen. Valentin itforhange : French 

pianist and musical composer, 1813-1888. 
Aiken, Hy. : English draughtsman and engraver. 

fl. 1816-1831. 
Aiken, Sam. : English draughtsman and engraver, 

fl. 1780-1796. 
Alkendi (Alchindlus) : Arabian physician and pliilo- 

sopher, fl. 1145. 
Alkmar, Hend. van : Dutch poet, fl. 1475*. 
Allaccl, Leone : Greek- Italian librarian, scholar, 

theologian and writer on music, 1586-1669. 
Allainval, Ltonor Soulas d' : French dramatic poet, 

1700*-1753. 
Allam, And., of Oxford: Eng. antiquarv, 1656-1685. 
Allamand, Jean Nic. Seb. : Dutch natural 

philosopher, 1713-1787. 
Allan, And. : Canadian sliipowner and Industrialist 

1821-1901. 
Allan, David : Scot. port, and hist, pntr., 1744-96. 
Allan, Geo., of Darlington : antiquary, 1736-1800. 
Allan, Sir Hugh : Scottish-Canadian financier and 

shipowner, 1810-1882. 
Allan, Jno. : American soldier, 1746-1805. 
Allan, Jno. : American antiquary, 1777-1863. 
Allan, Pet. : Scottish excavator, 1798-1849. 
Allan, Pet. Jno. : English poet, 1825-1848. 
Allan, Rob. : Scottish poet, 1774-1841. 
Allan, Thos. : Scottish mathematician and antiauarv 
1542-1632. ^ ■' 

Allan, Thos., F.R.S. : Scot, mineralogist, 1777-1833. 
Allan, Sir Wm., R.A. : Scot. hist, pntr., 1782-1850. 
Allan, Sir Wm. : Scot, engineer and pol., 1837-1903. 
AUan-Despreanx, Louise Rosalie : Fr. actress,1810-56. 
Allard, Gui : French writer, 1645-1716. 
AUard, Jean Fran?. : French general, 1785-1839. 
Allardioe, Rob. Barclay, ' Captain Barclay ' : Scottish 

pedestrian, 1779-1854. 
AUardyce, Alex. : Scot. nov. and writer, 1846-1896. 
Allatins (Leone Allacci) : Grk. philol., 1586-1669. 
Allde (Aldee, Aldey), Bdw.: Eng. printer,fl.l583-1634. 
Allde (Aldaye, Aide, Aldye), Jno. : English stationer 

and printer, fl. 1555-1592. 
Allectos : Emperor of Britain, -296. 
AUegrain, Christophe Gab. : Fr. sculp., 1711-1796 
Allegiantl, Maddalena : Ital. voc, fl. 1771-1779 
Allegretto : See Nuzi. 

Allegri, Alessandro : Italian poet, -1696*. 
Allegri, Antonio ((3orreggio) : Italian religious 

painter, 1494-1634. 
Allegri, Greg. : Italian priest and musical com- 
poser, 1580*-1650{2). 
AUegri, Pomponio : Ital. rel. painter, 1521-1593*. 



Allegrini, Franc. : Italian painter, 1687-1663. 
Allelne, Jos. : Eng. ejected Uonoonf . div., 1634-1668. 

Alleine, Rich. : Eng. ejected Nonconf. div., 1611-81. 

Allelne, Wm. : Bng. ejected Nonconf., 1614-1677. 

Allen : See also Allan, Alleine, Alleyn, Allin. 

Allen, Alex. : English philologist, 1814-1842. 

Allen, And. ; American lawyer, 1740-1825. 

Allen, Anth. : English lawyer and antiq.. -1754. 

AUen, Ben. : English physician and writer on 
medicinal waters, fl. 1700. 

Allen, Ben. : Amer. divine and author, 1789-1829. 

Allen, Bennet : Eng. miscellaneous writer, fl. 1761-82. 

Allen, Chas. : American jurist and editor, 1797-1869. 

Allen, Dav. Oliver : Amer. miss, to India, 1800-1863. 

Allen, Bbenezer : American soldier, 1743-1806. 

Allen (Alen), Bdm. ; Bishop elect of Rochester 
and theologian, 1519*-1659. 

Allen, Blisha Hunt : Amer. statesman, 1804-1883. 

Allen, Ethan. : Amer. hist, and soldier, 1739-1789. 

Allen, Geo. : American educationist, 1808-1876. 

Allen, Geo. : Australian politician, 1800-1877. 

Allen, Geo. : Bng. engrav. and publisher, 1832-1907. 

Allen, Sir Geo. Wigram : Austral, pol., 1824-1885. 

Allen, Grant : Canad.-Eng. miscell. wr., 1848-1899. 

Allen, Heman : American lawyer, 1779-1852. 

Allen, Hy. : fdr. of a sect in Newport, R.I., 1748-84. 

Allen, Hy. Watkins : American brigadier-general and 
statesman, 1820-1866. 

Allen, Ira. : American major-general and political 
writer, 1751-1814. 

Allen, Isaac : Canadian jurist, 1741-1806. 

Allen, Jas. : Amer. divine and author, 1692-1747. 

Allen, Jas. Baylis : Bng. line engraver, 1803-1876. 

Allen, Jas. C. : English line engraver, -1831. 

Allen, Jas. Mountford : Bng. architect, 1809-1883. 

Allen, Jno. : Bng. Archbishop of Dublin, 1476-1534. 

Allen (Allin), Jno. : English colonist, one of the 
patriarchs of New England, 1596-1671. 

Allen (Alleyn), Jno. : English physician and in- 
ventor, 1660*-1741. 

Allen, Jno. : Eng. Nonconf. divine and wr., fl. 1764. 

Allen, Jno. : American soldier, 1772-1813. 

Allen, Jno. : English bookseller, antiquary and 
bibliographer, -1831. 

Allen, Jno. : Eng. Dissenting theologian, 1771-1839. 

Allen, Jno. : Scot. pol. and hist, writer, 1771-1843. 

Allen, Jno. : Irish soldier in Fr. service, -1855. 

Allen, Jno. Romilly : English archseol., 1847-1907. 

Allen, Jos. : American merchant, 1749-1827. 

Allen, Jos. : American div. and hist, wr., 1790-1873. 

Allen, Jos. Wm. : Bug. landscape pntr., 1803-1852. 

Allen, Moses : American divine, 1748-1779. 

Allen, Nathan : Amer. physn. and wr., 1813-1888. 

Allen, Paul : American editor, 1775-1826. 

Allen, Phil. ; American statesman, 1785-1865., 

Allen, Ralph, ' The Man of Bath • : English bene- 
factor and postmaster, 1694-1764. 

Alien, Rich. : Eng. theologian and wr., -1717. 

Allen, Rich. : American Bishop of African M E 
Church, 1760-1831. 

Allen, Rich. L. : Amer. agricultural wr., 1803-1869. 

Allen, Rob. : American soldier and pol., 1815-1886. 

Allen, Rob. Calder : British naval officer, 1812-1903. 

Allen, Sam. : patentee of New Hampshire, 1636-1705. 

Alien, Sol. : Amer. soldier and preacher, 1751-1821. 

Allen (Allan), Thos. : English mathematician and 
antiquary, 1542-1632. 

Allen, Thos. : Bng. theological critic, 1573-1636* 

Allen, Thos. : Bng. Nonconformist div., 1608-1673 

Allen, Sir Thos. : British admural, fl. 1648-1678. 

Allen, Thos. : English physician, -1684. 

Allen, Thos. : English theologian, 1681-1755. 

Allen, Thos. : American divine, 1743-1810. 

Allen, Thos. : English antiquary, 1803-1833. 

Allen, Thos. : English Wesleyan divine, 1837-1912 

Allen (Alanns), Wm. : English cardinal and 
Archbishop of Mechlin, 1532-1594. 

Allen, Wm. : American jurist and pol., 1710-1780 

Allen, Wm., F.R.S. : English chemist and philo- 
sopher, 1770-1843. 

Allen, Wm. : Brit, captain and philanth., -1856 

Allen, Wm. : Brit, rear-adm. and author, 1793-1864' 

Allen, Wm. : Amer. divine and author, 1784-1868 

Allen, Wm. : American statesman, 1806-1879 

Allen, Wm. Fes. : Amer. class, scholar, 1830-1889. 

Allen, Wm. Hy. : Amer. naval officer, 1784-1813 

Allen, Wm. Hy. : American educationist. 1808-82 



13 



ALLEN 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



ALPHONSO 



Allen, Wm. Howard ; Amer. nav. officer, 1790-1822. 
Allen, Zachariah : American inventor, 1795-1882. 
Allende, Ignacio : Mexican patriot, 1779-1811. 
AUenson, Jno. : English Puritan divine and ecclesi- 
astical editor, fl. 1616. 
AUent, Pierre Alex. Jos. : Tr. miscell. wi., 1772-1837. 
Allerstain, Aug. : German Jesuit missionary to 

Ctdna, 1700*-1777». 
Allerton, Isaac ; one of the Pilgrim Fathers, 1583*- 

1669. 
AUestree, Eioh. : Eng. Royalist sold, and div.,1619-81. 
AUestry, Jac. : English poet, 1663-1686. 
Alletz, Pons Augustin : French writer, 1703*-1786. 
Alley, Wm. : Bishop ot Exeter, divine and 

translator of Bible, 1510*-1670. 
Alleyn, Bdw. : English actor and founder of 

Dulwich College, 1666-1626. 
AUeyne, Forster M'Geachy ; English West Indian 

economist, -1913. 
AUeyne, Sir Jno. Gay Newton : Eng. engin., 1820-1912. 
Allibond, Jno. : Master of Magdalen College School, 

1597-1668. 
Allibond, Pet. : Eng. theol. trans, and div., 1560-1629. 
Allibond (Allibone), Sir Ilich. : Eng. justice, 1636-88. 
Allibone, Sam. Austin : American bibliographer and 

writer, 1816-1889. 
Allies, Jabez : Bug. antiq. and author, 1787-1856. 
Allies, Thos. Wm. : Eng. theol. and hist., 1813-1903. 
Allin, Jno. : Enj;lish divine in America, 1696-1671. 
Allin, Sir Thos. : Eng. nav. commander, 1612-1686. 
Allingham, Jno. Till : Eng. dram., fl. 1799-1810. 
Allingham, Wm. : Irish poet and man of letters, 

1824-1889. 
Allio, J. Fr. Corradinus de : Ital. philol., fl. 1742. 
Allioni, Carlo : Ital. physn. and bot., 1725-1804. 
Allison, Burgess : Amer. div. and wr., 1753-1827. 
Allison, Rich. : Eng. teacher of music, fl. 1692-1606. 
Allison, Thos. : Eng. Arctic voyager and wr., fl. 1697. 
Allison, Wm. Boyd : Amer. legislator, 1829-1908. 
Allitsen, Frances (Mary Frances Bumpus) : English 

song writer, 1849-1912. 
Allix, Pierre : French Protestant divine and theo- 
logian In England, 1641-1717. 
Allman, Geo. Jas., F.R.S. : Irish botanist and 

zoologLst, 1812-1898. 
Allman, Geo. Johnston : Irish mathem., 1824-1904. 
Allman, Wm. : Irish bot, and physician, 1776-1846. 
Alloisi, Baldassari, of Bologna, ' Galanino ' : 

painter, 1678-1638. 
Allom, Thos. : English architect and landscape 

painter, 1804-1872. 
Allon, Hy. : Eng. Congregational divine, 1818-1892. 
AUon, Hy. Erskine : Brit. mus. comp., 1864-1897. 
AUori, Alessandro (Alessandro Bronzino) : Florentine 

religious and portrait painter, 1536-1607. 
AUori, Angiolo (II Bronzino) : Florentine portrait 

and religious painter and poet, 1502-1572. 
AUori, Christofano (Bronzino) ; Florentine portrait 

and religious painter, 1577-1621. 
AUott,Rob.: Eng. ed. of 'England's Parnassus,'fl.l600. 
AUott, Wm. ; Eng. Rom. Catholic divine, -1590*. 
Allouez, Claude Jean : Fr. expl. in America, 1620-90. 
Allport, Su- Jas. Jos. : Eng. rly. man., 1811-1892. 
AUport, Morton : Tasmanian pisciculturist, 1830-78. 
Allport, Sam. : English petrologist, 1816-1897. 
Allsop, Fred. : Bngliih jockey, 1869-1912. 
AUsnp, Thos. ; English stockbroker and author, 

1795-1880. 
AUston, Rob. Fes. Withers : American statesman, 

1801-1864. 
Allston, Wash. : Amer. pntr. and poet, 1779-1843. 
AUston, Wm. ; Amer. soldier and planter, 1767-1839. 
Allut, Jean, ' L'Eclaireur ' ; French religious 

enthusiast, -post 1714. 
AUwood, Rob. : vice-chanc. of Sydney Univ., 1803-91. 
Alma-Tadema, Sir Lawrence, O.M., R.A. : Dutch- 
English painter, 1836-1912. 
Almaok.Wm. : English founder of Almaok's Assembly 

Rooms, -1781. 
Almagro, Diego de : Spanish soldier and Governor of 

Peru, 1476-1538. 
Almain, Jacques : French scholastic divine, post 

1460-1515. 
Almamoun, Caliph of Bagdad : philosopher and 

astronomer, 786-833. 
Almansur, Abu Jafar: 2nd Abliaside Caliph, 712*- 

775. 



Almansur, Abu Moham.: Caliph of Cordova, 939- 

1002. 
Almeida, Ant. d' : Portuguese surgeon, 1761*-1822. 
Almeida, ApolUnario d' : Portuguese missionary to 

.^Ethiopia, 1587-1638. 
Almeida, Brites de : Portuguese Joan of Arc, fl. 1 385. 
Almeida, Franc, d' : 1st Portuguese viceroy in India, 

1460*-1610. 
Almeida (Meade), Jno. : Eng. Jesuit miss., 1572-1653. 
Almeida, Lourenpo d' : Port, navigator, -1608. 
Almeida, Manoel d' : Port. miss, to Indies, 1580-1646. 
Almeida, Theod. : Port. nat. philos., 1722-1803. 
Almeloveen, Jan : Dutch pntr. and engrav., fl. 1680. 
Almeloveen, Theod. Janssen van : Dutch medical 

writer, 1657-1712. 
Almenrader, Karl : German musician, 1786-1843. 
Almici, Pietro CamUIo : Ital. class, schol,, 1714-1779. 
Almodovar, Duke of : Spanish statesman and diplo- 
matist, 1851-1906. 
Almoguera, Fray Juan de : Archbp. of Lima, 1605-76. 
Almon, Jno. : Eng. bookseller and pol. wr., 1737-1805. 
Almond, Hely Hutchinson : Scot, educat., 1832-1903. 
Almonde, Phil, van : Dutch nav. com., 1646-1711. 
Almonte, Juan Nepomuceno : Mex. statesm., 1804-69. 
Almqvist, Karl Jonas Ludw. : Swed. wr.. 1793-1866. 
Alms, Jas. : English naval captain, 1728-1791. 
Almy, Jno. J. : American rear-admiral, 1814-1895. 
Almy, Wm. : American philanthropist, 1761-1836. 
Alnwick, Wm. of ; Bishop of Norwich, -1449. 
Aloaddin, ' Old Man of the Mountains ' • Prince of 

the Assassins, 1211- 
Alofsen, Sol. : Dutch- American historian, 1808-1876. 
Aloisi, Baldassare (II Galanino) : Bolognese religious 

painter and engraver, 1578-163S. 
Alompra (Aloung P'houra) : Burmese king, 1711-60. 
Alonso : See Alplionso. 
Alopa, Lor. de (Laur. Francisci de) ; Italian printer, 

fl. 1484-1500. 
Alopseus, Dav. ; German diplomatist, 1769-1831. 
AlopsBus, Max. : German diplomatist, 1748-1822. 
Alovigi, Andrea (I/Ingegno) ; Ital. pntr., 1470*- 
Aloysius, of Padua : architect, fl. 500-625. 
Alpago, And. : Italian physician, -1555. 
Alp Arslan : 2nd Sultan of the Seljuk Turks, 1030*- 

1072. 
Alphanus, Benedetto : Archbishop of Palermo, 

physician and poet, -1086. 
Al-phasi, Isaac : Moroccan rabbi and codifier, 1013- 

1103. 
Alphege (Blphege), St. : See ^Ifheah. 
Alphery, Mkephor : English divme, fl. 1618-1660. 
Alphesl (Al-Fez) : Moham. theol. writer, 1013-1103. 
Alphonse I. : Count of Toulouse, 1103-1148. 
Alphonse de France : Count of Poitiers and Toulouse, 

1220-1271. 
Alphonso : See also Alfonso. 
Alphonso I., * El BatalKidor * : King of Aragon and 

7th of Castile, -1134. 
Alphonso II., ' Raymundo ' : Kg. ot Aragon, 1152-96. 
Alphonso III. : King ot Aragon, 1265-1291. 
Alphonso IV., * Tile Courteous ' : King of Aragon, 

1299-1336. 
Alphonso v., * The Magnanimous ' : King of 

Aragon and 1st of Naples' 1385-1458. 
Alphonso I., ' The Catholic ' : King of Astm-ias, 693- 

757. 
Alphonso II., ■ The Chaste ' : King of Asturias, 758- 

842. 
Alphonso III., ' The Great ' : King of Asturias, 848- 

914. 
Alphonso IV., ' The Monk ' : King of Astraias, -932. 
Alphonso V. : King of Asturias, 994-1028. 
Alphonso I., ' The Brave " : King of Castile, 1030- 

1109. 
Alphonso n., ' Raymundo ' : King ot CastUe, 1105- 

1157. 
Alphonso III., ' The Good ' • King of Castile, 1155- 

1214. 
Alphonso X., ' The Wise ' : King of Castile and Leon, 

1221-1284. 
Alphonso XI., ' The Avenger ' - King ot CastUe and 

Leon, 1310-1350. 
Alhpanso I.: King of Naples. See Alphonso V. of 

Aragon. 
Alphonso n. ; King of Naples, 1448-1495. 
Alphonso I., ' Hcnriquez ' : King of Portugal, 1094- 

1186. 



14 



ALPHONSO 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



AMADEUS 



Alphonso II., ' The Fat ' : Kg. of Portugal. 1185-1223. 

Alphonso III. : Kins of Portugal, 1210-1279. 

Alphonso IV., ' The Brave ' : Kins of Portugal, 1290- 
1357. 

Alphonso v.. The African ' -. King of Portugal, 1432- 
1481. 

Alphonso VI. : Kirn; of Portugal, 1B43-1675. 

Alphonso XII. : King of Spain, 1857-1885. 

Alphonsus, Tostatus : Span. bp. and theol., 1420*-45 . 

Alphonsusa Sancta Maria or de Cartagena : Spanish 
historian and Bishop of Burgos, 1396-1466. 

Alpini, Prospero : Venet. physn. and hot., 1553-1617. 

Alpuche, E. Infante, Jos? M. : Mex. patriot. 1780- 

Alpuche, Wenceslas : Mexican poet, 1804-1841. 

Alqama ibn Abada ; Arabian poet, 6th century. 

Alquier, Chas. Jean Marie, Baron : French diplo- 
matist, 1752-1826. 

Alricks, Hermanns : Amer. lawyer, 1804-1874. 

Als, Pet. : Dan. hist, and portrait painter. 1725-1775 . 

Alsager, Thos. Massa ; English masical enthusiast, 
1779-1846. 

Alschelski, Karl Fried, S, : Germ, philol., 1805-52. 

Alshekh, Moses : Palestinian rabbi and Biblical 
writer, 16th century. 

Alsloot, Denys van : "Flemish portrait and landscape 
painter, fl. 1600. 

Alsop, Ant. : Eng. poet and miscell. wr., -1726. 

Alsop, Geo. : English-American author, 1638- 

Alsop, Jno. : member of American Continental Con- 
gress, -1 794. 

Alsop, Jno. : -American poet, 1776-1841. 

Alsop, Rich. : American poet, 1761-1815. 

Alsop, Vine. : Eng. Nonconf. divine, 1630*-1703. 

Alsonfl : astronomer, 903-986. 

Alsted, Job. Hein. : German Protestant divine and 
philosopher, 1588-1638. 

Alston, Chas. ; Scottish writer on botany and medi- 
cine, 1683-1760. 

Alston, Sir Edw. : English president of the College of 
Physicians, 1595-1669. 

Alston, Edw. Rich. : Eng. zoologist, 1845-1881. 

Alston, Willis : American statesman, fl. 1790. 

Alston, Willis : American statesman, -1837. 

Alstorph, Joh. : Dutch philologist, 1680*-1719. 

Alstroemer, Jonas : Swedish benefsctor and indus- 
trial reformer, 1685-1761. 

Altamirano, Ign. M. ; Mexican jurist, fl. 1864. 

Altdorfer, Albrecht : German landscape and religious 
painter and engraver, 1480*-1538. 

Altdorfer, Erhard : German painter and engraver, 
fl. 1520. 

Alten, Sir Chas. Aug., Count von : Hanoverian and 
British general, 1764-1840. 

Altenhurg, Joh. Ernst : German trumpet-player, 
1736-1761. 

Altenbnrg, Mich. : Germ.'writer on music, 1584-1640. 

Altenhofer, Aug. Jos. : German newspaper editor, 
1804-1876. 

Altenstaig, Joh. : German philologist, fl. 1510. 

Alter, Franz Carl : Austrian Jesuit and philologist 
1749-1804. 

Altes, Em. Eugene : Fr. viol, and cond., 1830-1899. 

Alles, Hen. : French flautist, 1825-1895. 

Altham, Sir Jas. : Eng. Bar. of the Exch,, -1617. 

Althamer, And. : German philologist, 1498-1564. 

Althamer, And., of Niiremberg: reformer in Switzer- 
land, 1498-1540*. 

Althaus, Fried, : German-English art expert and pro- 
fessor of German literature, 1829-1897. 

Althaus, Jul. : German physician and medical writer 
settled in England, 1833-1900. 

Althen, Ehan : Persian cultivator of madder in 
France, 1711-1774. 

AlthofI, Fried. : German jurist and Government 
official, 1839-1908. 

Althorp, Jno. Chas., Viscount : See Spencer, 

Althusius, Jan. : Dutch jurist, 1557-1638. 

Altiohiero da Zevio : Italian painter, fl. 1350. 

Altilio, Gabrielo : Neapolitan Latin poet and Bishop 
of Policastro, 1440-1501 (1484). 

Alting, Jac, : professor at Groningen. 1618-1679. 

Alting, Joh. Hein. : Germ. Prot. divine, 1583-1644. 

Alting, Menson : German historian, ' Description of 
the Low Countries,' 1637-1713. 

Altmann, Anton : Austrian lands, painter, 1808-71. 

Altmann, Ben. : American merchant, millionaire and 
art collector, 1840-1913. 



Altmann, -Toh. Geo. ; Swiss philologist, -1753, 

Altnikol, Joh . Ohristoph . : Silcsian organist, -1759. 

Altorf or Altdorfer, Alb. : Bavarian painter and en- 
graver, 1488-1538. 

Altovitis, Marseille d' : Florentine poetess at Mar- 
seilles, 1650-1606. 

Alunno, Xicc. : Italian painter, -post 1500. 

Aiured, of Beverley : See Alfred. 

Alva, Duke of : Se'c Alvarez. 

Alva y Astorga, Pedro d' : Spanish Franciscan and 
traveller. -1667. 

Alvanley, Baron : See Arden. 

Alvarado, Alonzo de ; Spanish captain-general of 
Peru, 1500»-1554. 

Alvarado, Juan Bautista : Governor of California, 
fl. 1836-42. 

Alvarado, Pedro de : Spanish explorer and captain- 
general of Guatemala, 1495-1541. 

Alvarenga, Man. Ign. da Silva, Brazilian poet, fl. 1799. 

Alvarez, Bern, d' : Spanish religieux, 1514-1584. 

Alvarez, Diego; Spanish Dominican and polemical 
divine, -1635. 

Alvarez, Diego : Mexican priest, 1750-1824. 

Alvarez, Emm. : Port. Jesuit and gram., 1626-1583. 

Alvarez, Ferd., Duke of Alva ; Spanish general in 
Netherlands, 1508-1583. 

Alvarez, Francisco ; Portuguese missionary, explorer 
and writer on Abyssinia, 1465*-1541*. 

Alvarez, Gomez : Spanish poet, 1488-1538. 

Alvarez, Gon^alo : Spanish theologian, 1525*-1573. 

Alvarez, Josef : Spanish sculptor, 1768-1827. 

Alvarez, Juan : Mexican soldier, 1790-1867. 

Alvarez, Man., ' El Griego " : Spanish sculptor, 
1727-1797. 

Alvarez, Mart, : Span, mil, commander, 1714*-1819. 

Alvarez de Castro, Mariano : Spanish military com- 
mander, 1775»-1809(10). 

Alvarez de Luna : Castilian statesman, 1388-1453. 

Alvarez de Oriente, Fernao de : Spanish poet, 
-1595». 

Alvarez de Paz, Diego : Span, theol,, 1560*-1620. 

Alvaro (Albo), Franc. ; Spanish sailor, fl. 1519. 

Alvarotto, Jacopo, of Padaa: 'In Libros Feudorum,' 
1385-1453. 

Alvarus, Emm. : See Alvarez. 

Alvary, Max. : German vocalist, 1858-1898. 

Alvensleben, Constantin von : German general, 
1809-1892. 

Alvensleben, Count Fried. Joh. : German diplomatist, 
1839-1913. 

Alvensleben, Gustav von : German gen., 1803-1881. 

Alvensleben, Phil. Carl, Count of : German diplo- 
matist and historian, 1745-1802. 

Alves, Rob. : Scot, poet and prose wr., 1745-1794. 

Alvey, Rich. : English divine and Master of the 
Temple, -1584. 

Alvey, Thos. : English physician, 1645-1704. 

Alviano, Bart. : Venetian general, 1455-1515. 

Alvinzi, Jos. : Austrian general, 1735-1810. 

Alvord, Ben., American brigadier-general, 1813-1884. 

Alvord, Corydon A. : Amer. printer, 1812*-1874. 

Alvord, Thos. Gold : Amer. politician, 1810-1897. 

Alwood, Rich. : Eng. priest and mus. comp., fl. 1550. 

Alxinger, Joh. Bapt. von : Austr. poet, 1755-1797. 

Alypius, of Alexandria : Greek writer on music 
fl. 331-363. 

Alypius, of Antioch: geographer, fl. 360-371, 

Alzarchel (Zarchelli) : Span, astron,, fl, 1072-1073. 

Alzate y Ramirez, Jos§ Ant. : Mexican scientist 
1729-1790. 

Alzog, Joh. Baptist : German Catholic ecclesiastical 
historian and theologian, 1808-1878. 

Amadei, Carlo Ant. : Bolognese physician and 
botanist, post 1650-1720. 

Amadesi, Gius, Ludovico : Italian canonist, 1701- 
1775. 

Amadeus I. : Count of Maurienne, -1072. 

Amadeus III. (II.) : Count of Savoy, -1148. 

Amadeus IV. (III.) : Count of Savoy, 1197-1253. 

Amadeus IV. (V,), ' The Great ' : "Count of Savov 
-1285, 

Amadeus V. (IV,), ' The Great ' ! Count of Savov, 
1249-1323. 

Amadeus VI. : Count of Savoy, 1334-1383. 

Amadeus VII., ' The Red' : Ct. of Savoy, 1360-1391 

Amadeus VIII.. ' The Paciflc ' : Count of Savoy and 
Pope Felix V., 1383-1451. 



15 



AMADEUS 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



AMIN 



Amadeus IX. : Count or Duke of Savoy, 1436-1472. 

Amadutius (Giov. Clir. Amaduzzi) : Italian philolo- 
gist, 1742-1792. 

Amaja (Araaya), Franc. : Span, civilian, -1640*. 

Amalaric : King ot the Visigotlis, 602-531. 

Amalarius Symphosius, ot Metz : ecclesiastical anti- 
quary, -837. 

Amalasventha : Queen of the Ostrogoths, 498*-535. 

Amalie : See Amelia. 

Amalric, Arn., Archbishop of Narbonne : Albigens. 
crusader, -1225. 

Amalric I. : King of Jerusalem, -1174. 

Amalric II. : King of Jerusalem, -1205. 

Amalric, of Bena : French theologian, -1206*. 

Amalteo, Corn. : Ital. physician and poet, 1630-1603. 

Amalteo, Giambatt. : papal secretary and poet, 
1525-1673. 

Amalteo, Girolamo ; Ital. phys. and poet, 1606-1674. 

Amalteo, Paolo : Italian poet, 1460-1517. 

Amalteo, Pomponio : Venetian painter, 1505-1584. 

Amama, Sixtinus : Dutch Orientalist, poet 1560-1629. 

Aman, Joh. : German architect, 1765-1834. 

Amand, St., Bishop of Maestricht : Apostle of the 
Netherlands, 689(94)-679. 

Amand, Mark Ant., Gerard, St. : See St. Amand. 

Amanthon, Claude Nic. : Fr. publicist, 1760-1835. 

Amar, J. P. And. : Fr. Jacobin politician, 1750-1816. 

Amar-Duvivier, Jean Aug. : French miscellaneous 
writer, 1766-1837. 

Amara-Slnha : Sanskrit gram, and poet, fl. 375. 
. .4mari, Mich.'": Italian Orientalist, patriot, historian 
and poet, 1806-1889. 

Amasieus (Romolo Amases) ; Ital. philol., 1489-1562. 

Amasis: King of Egypt, -B.C. 525. 

Amati, And., Ant., Hieron. and Nic, of Cremona ; 
violin makers, fl. 1550-1692. 

Amati, Pasquaile ; Italian antiquary, 1716-1796. 

Amato, Giov. Ant. d' ; Neap, painter, 1475-1555. 

Amato, Giov. Ant. d', 'The Younger': Neapolitan 
painter, 1535-1598. 

Amato, Gius. : Neap. miss, and nat. hist., 1757*-1832. 

Amato, Joao Rod. : Spanish anatomist, 1511-1568. 

Amatrice, Cola Filotesio dell' : Ital. pntr., fl. 1514-35. 

Amaury I. : King of Jerusalem, 1136*-1174. 

Amauryll.: Kg. of Jerusalem and Cyprus, -1205. 

Amaury (Amalricus) de Chaitres : French theologian 
and philosopher, -1204(5). 

Amaya, Franc. : See Amaja. 

Amaziab, King of Judah : son of Joash, B.C. 863-810. 

Amb6res, Miguel de (Miguel de Flamengo, and Miguel 
Manxique) : Flemish painter, settled in Spain, 
fl. 1600. 

Amberger, Christoph ; German portrait and religious 
pahiter, 1490*-1563. 

Amberger, Jos.; German E..C. theologian, 1816-1889. 
. Amberley, Viscount : See Russell. 

Ambiorix: Gallic chief, fl. B.o. 64-61. 

Amboise, Franj, d' : French lawyer, poet and writer, 
1550-1620. 

Amboise, Geo. d' : See D'Amboise. 

Ambrogetti, Gius. : Ital. voc. and actor, fl. 1807-38. 

Ambrogi, Domenico (Menichino del Brizio) ; Bolognese 
historical and landscape painter, 1600*- 

Ambrogio da Fossano : See Borgognone. 

Ambrogio, Teseo : Italian Orientalist,. 1469-1639. 

Ambros, Aug, Wilh. : Austrian musical composer 
and historian of music, 1816-1876. 

Ambrosch, .Tos. Julius Athanasixis ; German phil- 
ologist, 1804-1866. 

Ambrose, St. : Archbishop of Milan, 340*-397. 

Ambrose : Norman poet and chronicler, fl. 11 90. 

Ambrose, Isaac : English Nonconformist divine and., 
religious writer, 1604-1663. 

Ambrose, Jno. : English naval captain, -1771. 
Ambrose, Miss : See Palmer, Lady. 

Ambrose de Gombez : French Capuchin and writer, 
' Lettres Spirltuelles,' 1708-1778. 

Ambrosii, Marco degli (Melozzoda Forli) : Italian 

portrait painter, 1438-1494. 
Ambrosini, Bart., of Bologna : physician and bot- 
anist, 1588-1657. 
Ambrosini, Giacinto : Italian botanist, 1606-1672. 
Ambrosias, of Alexandria ; See Origenes. 
Ambrosius (Ambrogi), Ant. Maria • Italian phil- 
ologist, 1713-1788. 
Ambrosius (And. Sertis EameuBkol) . ' Archbishop 
0* Moscow, 1708-1771. 



Ambrosius 'Autpert) : Abbot of St. Vincentio, 

-778. 
Ambrosius (Bmrys), Anrelianns : Brit, king, fl. 440. 
Ambrosius Camaldulensis : See Traversari. 
Ambrosius, Catharinus Politus : Neapolitan divine, 

-1552. 
Ameilhon, Hubert Pascal : French antiquary, 

■ History of the Egyptians," 1730-1811. 
Ameinodes, of Corinth: trireme builder, fl. B.C. 706-4. 
Ameipsias : Greek comic poet, fl. B.o. 423-414. 
Ameis, Karl Fried. : German philologist, 1811-1870. 
Amelesagoras, of Chalcedon : hist., fl. ante B.C. 500. 
Amelia, Anna, Princess of Prussia : musical composer. 

1723-1787. 
AmeBa, Duchess of Saxe- Weimar: patroness of 

letters, 1739-1807. 
Amelia, Princess : daughter of George III., 1783-1810. 
Amelias : Nepplatonio philosopher, fl. 246-269. 
Amelot de la Houssaye, Abr. Nio. : French historian 

and man of letters, 1634-1706. 
Amelotte, Denys : French BibUcal translator and 

commentator, 1606-1678. 
Amelunghi, Girolamo, ' II Gobbo di Pisa ' (La dig- 

antea) : Italian burlesque poet, fl. 1547. 
Amenophis I. : King of Egypt, fl. B.C. 177S. 
Amenophis II. : King of Egypt, fl. B.C. 1887. 
Amenophis III. : King of Egypt, fl. B.C. 1493. 
Amenophis IV. : Kmg of Egypt, fl. B.C. 1322. 
Amer Khan : Pindarri chief, fl. 1804-1817. 
Amerbach, Basile : Swiss jurist, 1534-1591. 
Amerbacb, Boniface Joh. : Swiss jurist, 1496-1662. 
Amerbach, Joh. : learned printer at Basle, 1444-1514. 
Amerbach, Veit : German philologist, 1487-1557. 
Amerigi, Michael Angiolo, da Caravaggio (Morigi) : 

ItaUan painter, 1569-1609. 
Amerigo Vespucci : See Vespucci. 
Amerling, Fried, von : Austrian pauiter, 1803-1887. 
Amerot, Adrien : French philologist, -1560. 
Ames, Bdw. Raymond : Amer. M.E. bp., 1806-1879. 
Ames, Fisher : Amer. pol. wr. and orator, 1768-1808. 
Ames, Jos. : English naval commander, 1619-1695. 
Ames, Jos., F.R.S. : English bibliographer, antiquary 

and historian of printing, 1689-1759. 
Ames, Jos. : American painter, 1816-1872. 
Ames, Mary Clemmer (Mrs, Hudson) : American 

authoress, 1839-1884. 
Ames, Nathan P. : Amer. manufacturer, 1803-1847. 
Ames, Nath., American mathematician, 1708-1764. 
Ames, Oakes : American manufacturer, capitalist 

and politician, 1804-1873. 
Ames, Oliver : Amer. railroad projector, 1807-1877. 
Ames, Sam. : American jurist, 1806-1866. 
Ames, Wm. : English-Dutch Puritan divine and 

casuist, 1676-1633. 
Ames, Wm. : English Quaker in Holland, -1662, 
Amesbury, Earl of : See Dundas, Chas. 
Amherst, Fes. Kerril ; Roman Catholic bishop of 

Northampton, 1819-1383. 
Amherst, J. H. : American actor, 1776-1851. 
Amherst, Jeffrey Amherst, 1st Baron: British fleld 

marshal, 1717-1797. 
Amherst, Jno. : British admiral, 1718*-1778. 
Amherst, Josceline Geo. Herb. : English-AustraUan 

official and politician, 1846-1900. 
Amherst, Wra. Amhurst Tyrsen, 1st Baron Amherst 

of Hackney : English art collector and bibliophile, 

1835-1909. 
Amherst, Wm. Pitt, 2nd Lord, 1st Earl : Governor- 
General ot India, 1773-1857. 
Amhurst, Nich. : Bug. poet and pol. wr., 1697-1742. 
Amici, Giov. Batt. : Italian astronomer and micro- 

scopist, 1786-1863. 
Amicis, Anna Lucia de : Italian vocalist, 1740*- 
Amicis, Edm. de : Italian man ot letters and mis- 
cellaneous writer, 1846-1908. 
Amico, Antonlne, of Palermo : historian, ' Sicillffi 

Regum Aimales,' -1641. 
Amico (Amigo), Bart. : Italian philologist, 1562-1649. 
Amiconi : See Amigoni. 

Amidano, Giullo Cesare (Pomponio) : Italian his- 
torical painter, fl. 1660-1628. 
Amidas (Amadas), Phil. : Bng. navigator, 1660-1618.' 
Amiel, Hen. Fr6d.: Swiss phllos. and critic, 1821-81. 
Amiet, Jos. Ignaz ; Swiss historian, 1827-1895. 
Amigoni, Jac.(Giac.): Venetian painter,1676-1752(8). 
Amigoni, Ottavio : Italian painter, 1605-1661. 
Amin es Sultan ; Grand Vizier of Persia, -1907. 



16 



AMIOT 

Amiot, Jean Jos. Marie : French Jesuit missionary to 

CUna, 1718-1793. 
AmIrAli: Indian official, 1810-1879. 
Amir Khan : Indian baulter and consp,, 1790«-18(8«. 
Amir Khan : Indian general and prince -1334. 

Amirault, Gen. de 1' : Fr. gen. and pel., 1808-1898. 
Amirohand: See Omichand. 
Araling, Carl Gust. : German painter and engraver, 

1651-1703. ,, ^ . ^ ,„„„ „ 

Amman, Joh. : Swiss physician and botanist, 1707-41. 
Amman, Joh. Con. : German physician for deaf and 

dumb, 1669-1730*. 
Amman, Jost, of Zurich : engraver and pntr., 1536-91 
Amman, Paul, ot Leipsic : physician, medical and 

botanical miter, 1634-1691. 
Ammanati, Bart., of Florence : architect and sculptor, 

Ammanati, Laura Battiterri : Ital. poetess, 1513-89. 

Ammann, Joh., P.R.S. : Swiss physician and 
botanist, 1707-1741. 

Ammann, Joh. Con. : German physician, 1669-1730*. 

Ammann, Jost (Jodocns) : Swiss painter and en- 
graver, 1535-1591. 

Ammann, Paid : Germ, physn. and hot., 1634^1691. 

Ammen,Dan. : American rear-admiral, 1820-1898. 

Ammen, Jac: American brig.-gen., 1808-1894. 

Ammianus Marcellinus : Roman soldier and historian 
326*-a£ter 391 . 

Ammirato, Seipione : Italian historian, 1531-1601. 

Ammon : grandson ot Lot, B.n. 1896*- 

Ammon, Blasius : Tyrolese musician, -1590. 

Ammon, Ghristoph Fried, von : German theologian 
and philologist, 1766-1850. 

Ammonas (Amoun) : Egyptian ascetic, 285-320*. 

Ammonio, And. : Italian Latui poet and secretary to 
Henry TOI., 1477-151,7. 

Ammonius : See also Maude, Van der. 

Ammonius, of Alexandria : grammarian, fl. B.C. 156. 

Ammonius, ot Alexandria : ' Grammaticns," fl. 389. 

Ammonius, of Lamprae : Peripatetic philos., fl. 66*. 

Ammonius Lithotomus : Byz. surg., fl. e.o. 283-247*. 

Ammonius, ' The Monk," fl. 373-377. 

Ammonius Sacchas : Grk. Eclectic philos., fl. 190-244. 

Amner, John. ; Eng. organist and comp., -1641. 

Amner, Ralph : Minor Canon of St. George's, 
Windsor, English divine, -1664. 

Amner, Rich. : English Unitarian divine and theo- 
logical writer, 1736-1803. 

Amon: King of Judah, B.C. 665-641. 

Amontons, Guil. : Fr. mathem. and inv., 1663-1705. 

Amoretti, Carlo : Italian mineralogist, 1741-1816. 

Amorevoli, Angelo : Venetian vocalist, 1716-1798. 

Amort, Busebius : Bav. Oath, theologian, 1692-1775. 

Amoty, Thos. : English Dissenting divine and bio- 
grapher, 1701-1774. 

Amory, Thos. : Eng. humorous writer, 1691*-1783. 

Amory, Thos. Coffin : American lawyer, 1810*- 

Amory, Thos. J. C. : American soldier, 1830*-1864. 

Amos : prophet of Israel, fl. B.C. 808-783. 

Amos, Andrew : English lawyer and professor of law, 
1791-1860. 

Amos, Sheldon : English jurist, 1835-1886. 

Amoun : See Ammonas. 

Amour,Guil.deSt.: Fr .philos. and theol.,1200*-1272. 

Amourel, Marie Firmln Gab. TiiSophile : French 
general, 1847-1908. 

Ampere, And. Marie: French electrician and 
physicist, 1775-1836. 

Ampere, Jean Jacques Ant. : French hUt., 1800-1864. 

Amplillochius, St. : Bishop of Iconiura, -394*. 

Amphis : Greek comic poet, fl. B.C. 336-332. 

Amphlett, Sir Rich. Paul: English judge, 1809-1883. 

Amplonlus von Betka : German physician, theologian 
and bibliophile, 1363*-1435. 

Ampthlll, Lord : See Russell. 

Ampudia, Pedro de : Mex. soldier, fl. 1840-1846. 

Amram : father of Moses, -ante B.a. 1491. 

Amrou, Ben el 'Ass : Saracen conqueror of Egypt, 
600*-662(3). 

Amsdorf, Nic. von : Germ. Lutheran div., 1483-1565. 

Amslnck, Hy. : English-Australian naval officer and 
politician, 1798- 

Amsler, Sam. : Swiss engraver, 1791-1849. 

Amthor, Bduard : German bookseller, 1820-1884. 

Amurath (Murad) I. : Sultan of Turkey, 1319-1389. 

Amurath II. : Sultan ot Turkev, 1404-1451. 

Amurath III. : Sultan of Turkev, 1B44-1595. 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



ANDERS 



Amurath IV. : Sultan of Turkey, 1610*-1640. 
Amyclseus : Greek sculptor, fl. B.C. 480*. 
Amyn Ahmed, ' Bl Razy ' : Pers. writer, fl. 17th cent. 
Amyntas I. : King of Maccdon, -B.C. 480. 
Amyntas II. : King of Macedon, fl. B.C. 430. 
Amyntas III. : King of Macedon, -369 or (0 B.C. 
Arayot: See also Amiot. !,,:,„„, 

Amyot, Jacques ; Bp. of Auxerre andsavant, 1613-9d. 
Amyot, Thos. : English antiquary, 1775-1850. 
Amyraut, Moise : French Protestant theologian and 

metaphysician, 1596-1664. ^ :,. ^ 

Amyiaut (Amarott), Paul : German-English divine, 

fl. 1636-1662. ^ 

Anacaona, ' The Golden Flower ' : Queen of Xiragua, 

-1506*. 
Anacharsis : Scvthian trav. and philos., fl. B.C. 59Z. 
Anacker, August Ferd. : Saxon teacher of music, 

1790-1854. 
Anacletas : Bishop of Rome, -91*. 
Anacletus, ' Peter de L4on ' : Antipope, -1138. 
Anaercon : Greek lyric poet, B.C. 563*-478*. 
Anafesto, Paoluccio : 1st Doge of Venice, -717. 
Anan hen David : Pera. fndr. of Karaitism, Sth cent. 
Ananius : Iambic poet, fl. B.C. 540*. 
Anarawd : Welsh prince, -915*. 
ASasco, Juan de : Spanish traveller, fl. 1539-1543. 
Anastasius I., ' Silentarius " : Emperor of the East, 

430*-518. 
Anastasius II. : Emperor of the East, -721. 
Anastasius I. : Pope, -401. 
Anastasius II. ; Pope, -498. 
Anastasius III. : Pope, -913. 
Anastasius IV. (Conrad) : Pope, -1154. 
Anastasius : Patriarch of Constantinople, -753. 
Anastasius, St., ' Astric ' : apostle of the Hungarians, 

954-1044. 
Anatoli, Jac. : Italian Hebraist and Arabic scholar, 

1194*-1258. 
Anatolius, of Berytus : jurist, -557. 
AnatoUus : Bishop of Laodicea, 230*-282. 
Anaxagoras : Greek philosopher, B.C. 500-428. 
Anaxandrides : Greek comic poet, fl. B.C. 376-347. 
Anaxarchus : Greek philosopher, -after B.C. 323. 
Anaxibius : Spartan admiral, -B.C. 388(9). 
Anaxilaos : Pythagorean philos. and physn., fl. B.C. 28. 
Anaxilas : Greek comic poet, fl. B.C. 343*. 
Anaxllas : tyrant of Rheginm, -B.C. 476. 
Anaxlmander, of Miletus; Greek philos., B.C. 611-547*. 
Anaximander : historian, fl. B.C. 410*. 
Anaximenes, of Lampsacus ; Greek rhetorician and 

historian, fl. B.C. 380-320. 
Anaximenes, of Miletus : Ionic philosopher, fl. B.C. 

548-484. 
Anaxippns : Greek comic poet, fl. B.C. 303*. 
Anaya, Pedro Mlaria : Mexican soldier, fl. 1847-48. 
Ancaiaao, Pietro de ; ItaUan jurist and canonist, 

1350*-1417. 
Ancell, Sam. : English miUtary writer, -1802. 
Ancelot, Jacques Arstoe Franc. Polycarpe : French 

dramatist and litti^rateur, 1794-1854. 
Anchersen, Hans Peder : Danish philol., 1700-1765. 
Anohieta, Jos6 de, ' Apostle of New World ' : Portu- 
guese Jesuit, 1533-1597. 
Ancient, Wra. Johnson : Canadian div., 1834-1908. 
Anoillon, Chas. : French-Germ. Prot. wr., 1659-1715. 
Aneillon, David : French theologian, 1617-1692. 
AncIUon, Joh. Pet. Fried. : Prussian statesman and 

historian, 1766-1837. 
Anclert, Hubertine : French feminist, 1850-1914. 
Aneona, Alesaandro d' : Itahan scholar and writer, 

1835-1914. 
Ancora, Gaetano d' ; NeapoUtan philol., 1757-1816. 
Ancourt, Florence Carton d' : French comic actor 

and writer, 1661-1726. 
Ancre, d' ; marshal. See Concini. 
Ancrum, Earl of : See Kerr. 
Ancus Mattius : 4th King ot Rome, -B.C. 614. 
Andagoya, Pascual de : Spanish traveller, -1548. 
Ander, Aloys : German vocalist, 1817-1864. 
Anderdon, Jno. Lavicount : English religious writer, 

1792-1874. 
Anderdon, Wm. Hy. : English Jesuit, 1816-1890. 
Anderegg, Melchior : Swiss Alpine guide, 1828-1914. 
Anderloni, Pietro ; Itahan engraver and painter, 

1784-1849. 
Anders, Franz Julius : Germ, stenographer, 1816-69. 
Anders, Jno. Dan. : Amer. Moravian bp., 1771-1847. 



17 



ANDERSEN 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



ANDREAS 



Andersen, Hans Christian ; Danish novelist, poet and 

■writer of fairy tales, 1805-1876. 
Andersen, Lars. : Swedish Eeformer, 1480-1552. 
Anderson, Adam : Scottish wr. on trade, 1692-1765. 
Anderson, Adam : Scottish wr. on physics, -1846. 
Anderson, Alex. : Scottish mathem., 1582-1619*. 
Anderson, Alex. : Scottish naturalist, -1811. 
Anderson, Alex. : American senator, 1794-1869. 
Anderson, Alex. : American wood engrav.,1775-1870. 
Anderson, Alex.(* Surfaceman ' ' : Scot.poet,1845-1909. 
Anderson, And. : the champion draught-player of 

Scotland, -1861. 
Anderson, Ant. ; English theological writer and 

preacher, -1593. 
Anderson, Arth. : Bng. pol. and philanth., 1792-1869. 
Anderson, Christopher : Scottish theological writer 

and preacher, 1782-1852. 
Anderson, Dav. : Canadian Anglican Bishop of 

Prince Rupert's Land, 1814-1885. 
Anderson, Sir Bdm. : English Lord Chief Justice, 

1530-1605. 
Anderson, Geo. : English Oriental trav., 1600*-1675*. 
Anderson, Geo. : English mathematician, fl. 1740. 
Anderson, Geo. : Engli.«h mathematician and writer 

on Indian Finance, 1760-1796. 
Anderson, Geo. : Scottish Deputy Master Melbourne 

Mint, 1819- 
Anderson, Geo. : English cricketer, 1826-1902. 
Anderson, Geo. B. : American general, 1831-1862. 
Anderson, Sir Geo. Wm. : Anglo-Indian Civil servant, 

1791-1857. 
Anderson, H. T. : Amer. div. and trans., 1811-1872. 
Anderson, Hy. J. : American educ.atlonist, 1799-1876. 
Anderson, Sir Hy. Lacon ; Gov. of Ceylon, 1817-1879. 
Anderson, Isaac : American divine, 1780-1857. 
Anderson, Jas. : Scottish genealogist, antiquary and 

historian, 1662-1728. 
Anderson, Jas. : Scottish preacher and miscellaneous 

writer, 1680*-1739. 
Anderson, Jas. ; Scottish agriculturist and economist, 

1739-1803. 
Anderson, Jas. ; English botanist and Physician- 
General of East India Company, -1809. 
Anderson, Jas. : British naval captain, 1760-1835. 
Anderson, Sir Jas. Caleb : Irish inventor, 1792-1861. 
Anderson, Jas. Patten : Amer. maJor-general,1820-73. 
Anderson, Jas. Robertson : English actor, 1811-1895. 
Anderson, Joh., of Hamburg ; naturalist and jurist, 

1674-1743. 
Anderson, Jno. : Scottish Presbyterian divine and 

controversialist. 1668*-1721. 
Anderson, Jno. : Scottish naturahst, philosopher and 

founder of Glasgow Institute, 1726-1796. 
Anderson, Jno. : Scottish wood engraver, fl. 1799. 
Anderson, Jno. ; Irish founder of Fermoy, fl. 1816. 
Anderson, Jno. : English physician, -1804. 
Anderson, Jno. : Scot. surg. and geneal., 1789-1832. 
Anderson, Jno, ; Anglo-Indian diplomatic agent and 

writer on Eastern policy and commerce, 1795-1845. 
Anderson, Jno. : Scottish missionary and founder of 

the mission of the Free Church of Scotland at 

Madras, 180.5-1855. 
Anderson, Jno., E.R.S. : Brit, naturalist, 1833-1900. 
Anderson, Jno. Gerard : Scottish-Australian educa- 
tionist and Civil servant, 18.'!6-1912. 
Anderson, Jno. Hy. : English conjurer, ' The Wizard 

of the North,' 1815-1874. 
Anderson, Jno. MacVicar : Scottish architect and 

philanthropist, 1835-1915. 
Anderson, Jos. : American statesman and soldier, 

1757-1837. 
Anderson, Jos. : English soldier and commander of 

Norfolk Island, 1789-1877. 
Anderson, Larz : American capitalist, 1805-1878. 
Anderson (Munson), Lionel : English Roman Catholic 

priest and martyr, -1680. 
Anderson,Lucy()!^ePhilpot):Eng. music, 1790-1878. 
Anderson, Mart. Brewer : Amer. educat., 1815-90. 
Anderson, Ophelia Brown : Amer. actress, 1813-52. 
Anderson, Pat. : Scottish Jesuit, 1575-1624. 
Anderson, Pat, : Scottish physician, fl. 1618-1635. 
Anderson, Rich. Clough : Amer. soldier, 1750-1826. 
Anderson, Rich. Clough : Amer. lawyer, 1788-1826. 
Anderson, Rich. Hy. : Amer. general, 1821-1879. 
Anderson, Rich, Jno. : Irish naturalist, 1848-1914. 
Anderson, Rob. : mathematician and silk weaver of 

London, fl. 1668-1696. 



Anderson, Rob. : Scot, critic and biog., 1750-1830. 
Anderson, Rob. : the Cumbrian poet, 1770-1833. 
Anderson, Rob. : American major-general and writer 

on military subjects. 1805-1871. 
Anderson, Rob. Burn : Lieutenant of ' Fane s 

Horse,' 1833-1860. 
Anderson, Rob. H. : American soldier, 1837-1864. 
Anderson, Rob. StMing Hore r Irish lawyer and 

politician in Victoria, -1883. 
Anderson, Eufus : American author, 1796-1880. 
Anderson, Tempest : English oculist, seismologist 

and traveller, 1846-1913. 
Anderson, Thos. : Scottish botanist, 1832-1870. 
Anderson, Thos., F.R.S. : Scottish chemist, 1819-74. 
Anderson, Sk Thos. M'Call : Scottish professor of 

medicine and medical writer, 1836-1908. 
Anderson, Walter : Scottish historian, -1800. 
Anderson, Wm. : English surgeon, naturalist and 

explorer, -1778. 
Anderson, Wm. : Amer. soldier and judge, 1763-1829. 
Anderson, Wm. : Scot, marine painter, 1757-1837. 
Anderson, Wm. : Scottish horticulturist, 1766-1846. 
Anderson, Wm. : Scot, miscell. writer, 1305-1866. 
Anderson, Wm. : Scot. div. and theol., 1799-1873. 
Anderson, Su: Wm.. F.R.S. : British director-general 

of ordnance and scientiflc writer, 1835-1898. 
Anderson, Wm. : English anatomist and art collector, 

1842-1900. 
Anderson, Wm. A. D. : Australian pol., 1829-1882. 
Anderssen, Adolf : German teacher and chess- 
player, 1818-1879. 
Andersson, Nils : Swedish historical, genre and 

landscape painter, 1817-1866. 
Anderton, Hy. : English historical and portrait 

painter, 1630-1665'. 
Anderton, Jas., 'John Brerelev, Priest': English 

Roman Catholic controversialist, fl. 1624. 
Anderton, Laurence (Scroop) : Eng. Jesuit, 1577-1643. 
Andier des Rochers, Jean : Fr. engraver, -1741. 
Andooides : Greek orator, B.C. 467-391*. 
Andrada : See also D'Andrada. 
Andrada, Diego de Payva de ; Portuguese theologian 

and apologist tor Council of Trent, 1528-1575. 
Andrada e Sylva, Bonifacio Joz§ de' : Brazilian 

statesman and naturalist, 1765-1838. 
Andrada, Fes. ; Portuguese poet, fl. 1600. 
Andragathius : assassin of Emp. Gratian. -388. 
Andral, Gab. : French physician, 1797-1324. 
Andrassy, Jul., Ct. : Hung, statesman, 1823-1890. 
Andrd : See also Andrea, Andrese, Andreas, Andrew. 
Andr6, Edouard Fran?. : French landscape gardener 

and writer on gardening, 1841-1911. 
Andr6, Jean : French portrait and historical painter, 

1662-1753. 
Andr6, Jno. : English soldier and spy, 1751-1780. 
Andr6, Joh. : Germ, musical composer, 1741-1799. 
Andr6, Louis Jos. Nich. : French general and minister 

of war, 1838-1913. 
Andr6, Yves Marie : French Jesuit, 1675-1764. 
Andr6-Bardon, Michel Fran?- : French historical 

painter and engraver, 1700-1785. 
Andrea : See also Andr6, Andreas, Andreas, Andrew. 
Andrea, Caval Canti : Italian writer, -1672. 
Andrea, Giov. : Italian canonist, 1275-1348. 
Andrea di Luigi, of Aloisi, ' L'Ingegno ' : Italian 

painter, 1470*-1520. 
Andrea d'Agnolo (del Sartol : Florentine religious 

painter, 1487-1531. 
Andrea dal Castagno : Florentine religious painter, 

1390-1457. 
Andrea Milanese : See Solario. 
Andrea Pisano : Ital. sculp, and aroht., 1270-1345. 
Andrese : See also Andr6, Andrea, Andreas, Andrew. 
Andres, Herm. Vict. ; Germ, theol., 1817-1839. 
Andrese, Joh. Gerh. Reinhard, of Hanover ; naturalist, 

1724-1793. 
Andrese, Joh. Valentin : German satirical writer, 

' Mythologise Christian^,' 1586-1654. 
Andrese, Tobias, of Groningen : Cartesian philosopher, 

1604-1676. 
Andrese, Tobias : Cartesian philosopher, 1633-1685. 
Andrese, Toby : German painter, 1323-1873. 
Andreani, And., of Mantua : painter and engraver, 

]560*-1623. 
Andreas : See also Andr^, Andrea, Andrese, Andrew. 
Andreas (Andr6), Bern. : French poet and historian, 

fl. 1500. 



18 



ANDREAS 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



ANGELONI 



Andreas, Giov, : canonist at Bologna. 1275*~1348. 
Andreas, Jac. : German Reformer, 1528-1590. 
Andreas, Joli., 'Magister Uatisbonnensis ' ; chronicler, 

fl. post 1410. 
Andreas, Valerius, ' Desselius Taxander ' : scholar 

of Brkbant, 1688-1656. 
Andree, Jno. : Bnjzlish physician and founder of 

London hospltal,'l699*-1785. 
Andree, Jno. : Eng. surgeon and writer, fl. 1790. 
Andree, Karl Theod. : German geographer and 

publicist, 1808-1876. 
Andrie, Rich.: German geographer and ethno- 
grapher, 1834-1912. 
Andrde, Salomon Aug. : Swedish engineer and 

aeronaut, 1864-1897*. 
Andreini, Franc, of Pistoia : comic writer and 

actor, -1616*. 
Andreini, Gian Batt. : poet and dram ., 1578-1650. 
Andreini, Isabella : Italian comic writer, actress and 

improvisatore, 1562-1604. 
Andrelinus, Publius Faustus : Italian Latin poet, 

1461*-1518. 
Andreoll, Giuseppe : Italian vocalist, 1757-1832. 
Andreossi, Ant. Franp,, Count : French officer and 

diplomatist, 1761-1828. 
Andreossi, Frazio : Italian sculptor, 1855-3895. 
Andreossy, Franc. : French engineer, 1633-1688. 
Andres, Juan : Spanish Jesuit, 1740-1817. 
Andrevi, Francesco : Italian director of music and 

musical composer, 1786-1853. 
Andrew : See also AndriS, Andrea, Andrese, Andreas. 
Andrew I. : King of Hungary, -1061. 

Andrew II., ' Hlerosolymitanus * ; King of Hungary, 

1175-1235. 
Andrew lU. ; Venetian King of Hungary, -1301. 
Andrew I. : Prince of White' Russia, -1176. 
Andrew II. : Grand Duke of Russia, fl. 1260. 
Andrew III. : Grand Duke of Russia, -1304. 

Andrew (Andreasso), of Himgary : King of Naples, 

1326-1346. 
Andrew, of Longjumeau : French Dominican, ex- 
plorer and diplomatist, fl. 1247-1251. 
Andrew, of Pisa : sculp, and architect, 1270-1345. 
Andrew, Hy. Martyn : Eng.- Austral, scient., 1845-88. 
Andrew, Jas. : Scottish educationist, 1774*-1833. 
Andrew, Jas. Osgood : Amer. M.E. bp., 1794-1871. 
Andrew, Job., of Ratisbon, ' Andreas Magister ' : 

fl. post 1410. 
Andrew, Jno. Albion : Amer. statesman, 1818-1867. 
Andrewe, Laur. ; French translator and printer, 

fl. 1610-1637. 
Andrewe, Thos. : English adventurer and poetical 

writer, fl. 1604. 
Andrewes, Gerard : English divine, 1750-1826. 
Andrewes, Lancelot : Bp. of Winchester, 1555-1626. 
Andrews, Ebenezer Baldwin : Amer. geol., 1821-80. 
Andrews, Elisha : American divine and contro- 
versialist, 1768-1840. 
Andrews, Ethan Allen : Amer. educat., 1787-1868. 
Andrews, Eusebius : Eng. Royalist sold., -1650. 
Andrews, Geo. : Eng. barrister, fl. 1776. 
Andrews, Hy. : Eng. astron. calculator, 1743-1820. 
Andrews, Hy. C. : English urtist and engraver, 

fl. 1799-1828. 
Andrews, Hy. Jas. : Australian official, -1890. 
Andrews, Jas. Pettit : English antiquarian and his- 
torian, 1737*-1797. 
Andrews, Jno. : Eng. religious poet, fl. 1614-1655. 
Andrews, Jno. : Eng. historical writer, 1736-1809. 
Andrews, Jos. : American engraver, 1806-1873. 
Andrews, Loren : Amer. educationist, 1819-1861. 
Andrews, Lorrin: American missionary, 1795-1868. 
Andrews, Miles Pet. : Eng. dramatic writer, -1814. 
Andrews, Rich. Bullock : Austral, judge, -1885. 
Andrews, Rob. : Eng. translator of Ver^, -1766*. 
Andrews, Sherlock Jas. : Amer. jurist, 1801-1880. 
Andrews, Steph. Pearl ; Amer. author, 1812-1886. 
Andrews, Thos., F.R.S.: Irish chemist and physi- 
cist, 1813-1885. 
Andrews, Thos. : English metallurgical chemist and 

Ironmasterj 1847-1907. 
Andrews, Tim. Patrick : American brigadier- 
general, 1794-1868. 
Andrews, Wra. : English astrologer, fl. 1656-1683. 
Andrews, Wm, : English naturalist, 1802-1880. 
Andrews, Wm. Eusebius ; Eng. journ., 1773-1837. 
Andiias, Joh. Baptist : Germ. Cath. theol., 1836- 



Andrien, Mart. Jos. : See Adrien. 

Andrieu, Bertrand : Fr. medaUic engrav., 1761-1822. 

Andrieux, Franp. Gull. Jean Stanislas ; French man 

of letters, 1759-1833. 
Androcles; Grk. orator and popular leader, -B.C.411. 
Androkydes : Greek painter, fl. B.C. 400-377. 
Andronet-Dacerceau, Jacques : French architect and 

engraver, 1510*-1684». 
Androii!eus,Livius : Latin dram, poet, -B.o. 221*. 
Andronicus, of Cyrrhus : Grk. astronomer, fl. 100 B.C. 
Andronicus, of Rhodes : peripatetic philos , fl. B.C. 70. 
Andronicus L, Comnenus ; Emperor of the East, 

1112»-1185. 
Andronicus II., Paleeologus, ' Elder ' : Emperor of the 

East, 1260-1332. 
Andronicus ni., Palaeologus, ' Younger ' : Emperor of 

the East, 1296'-1341. 
Andronicus I. : Emperor of Trebizond, -1236. 
Andronicus II. : Emperor of Trebizond, -1266. 
Andronicus III. : Emperor of Trebizond, -1332. 
Andronicus IV. : Eastern Emperor, fl. 1380. 
Andros, Sir Edm. : Eng. col. governor, 1637-1714. 
Andros, Thos. : American divine, 1759-1845. 
Androsthenes, Greek sculptor, fl. B.C. 440(20). 
Androt, Alb. Auguste : Fr. mus. comp., 1781-1804. 
Androtion : Greek orator, fl. B.C. 360. 
Androuet du Cerceau, Jacques ; French architect, 

-post 1596. 
Andry, General : French general, 1849-1911. 
Andry, Nic, ' Bois-Regard ' : French medical writer, 

1658-1742. 
Andsaldo, Andrea : Italian painter, 1584-1638. 
Aneau, Barthelemi: French poet, after 1500-1561. 
Anel, Dom., of Savoy : Fr. med. wr., 1679-1730. 
Anemtiller, Bern. : German archivist and librarian, 

1820-1896. 
Anerio, FeUce : Italian musical comp., 1560*-1630*. 
Anerio, Giov. Francesco : Italian musical composer 

and teacher of music, 1567'-1620*. 
Anesi, Paolo : Florentine painter, -1750*. 
Anet, Baptiste : French violinist, fl. 1696-1724. 
Anethan, Baron Alb. d' : Belg. diplom., -1910. 
Aneurin : Brit, poet and chieftain, fl. 603*. 
Antossi, Fasquali ; Ital. musical comp., 1736*-1797. 
Angarville : See Bury, Rich. 
Angas, Caleb : English agriculturist, 1782-1860. 
Angas, Geo. Fife : English merchant, one of the 
founders ol the colony of South Australia, 1789- 
1879. 
Angas, Geo. French : English-Australian artist and 

zoologist, 1822-1886. 
Angas, Wm. Hy. : Eng. sailor missionary, 1781-1832. 
Ange de St. Joseph (Jos. Labrosse) : French missionary 

to Persia, 1636-1697. 
Ange de St. Rosalie (Fran^. Raffard) : French his- 
torian, 1656-1726. 
Angel, Ben. Franklm : Amer. diplomatist, -1816. 
Angel, Jno. : chaplain to King Philip and Queen 

Mary, fl. 1555. 
Angel (Angell), Jno. : Eng. evangelist, -1655. 
Angela Merici, of Breschia : foundress of UrsuUne 

nuns, 1511-1640. 
Angeli : See Angolo del Moro. 
Angeli, Buonaventura, of Parma : historian, post 

1600-1576. 
Angeli, FiUppo de Liano d' (II Napoletano) : Roman 

landscape and military painter, 1590*-1640*. 
Angeli or Angelio, Pietro : Italian Latin poet, 1617- 

1596. 
Angelico, Fra (Fra Giovanni da Fiesole) : Florentine 

religious painter, 1387-1466. 
Angelio, Mc. : Florentine philologist, fl. 1614-20. 
Angelis, Dom. de : Ital. scholar and wr., 1676-1718 
Angelis, Pierre : French artist, 1686-1734. 
Angeli, Geo. Thorndike : American philanthropist 
1823-1909. '^ ' 

Angeli, Helen Cordelia : English painter, 1847-1884 
Angell, Israel : American soldier, 1741-1832. 
Angeli, Jno. : prof, of shorthand in Dublin, fl. 1758. 
Angell, Jos. Klnnicut : Amer. legal writer, 1794-1867. 
AngelUer, Aug. : Fr. poet and essayist, 1848-1911. 
Angelo : See also Michael- Angelo and Angolo del Moro 
Angelo, Fioriozzola : Florentine poet, -1648 
Angelo, Policiano : Italian writer, 1454- 
Angeloni, Franc. : Italian apostolic prothonotary vir- 
tuoso and writer (' Augustan History by Medals ') 
ante 1576-1652. ' '' 



19 



ANGELONI 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



ANSON 



Angeloni, Luigi : Ital. pol. and wr., 17B8*-1842. 
Angelus (Angelo), Jac. de : Boman papal secretary, 

-^ost 1401. 
Angelus, Christophorus : Greek refugee in England 

and scholar, poet 1550-1638. 
Angelus i Sanoto Francisco (Eich. Mason, D.D.) : 

English Franciscan, 1601-1678. 
Angelus Sllesius : Germ, religious poet, 1624-1677. 
Angers, Heal : Canadian author, 1823-1860. 
Angerstein, Jno. Jul. : Uussian collector of paintings 

in England, 1735-1822. 
AngerviUe, Bich. : See Bury, Kich. de. 
Anghiera, Pietro Martire d', ' Peter Martyr ' : Italian 

historian, 1455-1526. 
Angler, Jno. : Bng. Nonconformist div., 1605-1677. 
Angler, Sam.: Bnn. ejected Nonconf. div., 1639-1713. 
Angiers (Angler), Paul : Bng. engraver, fl. 1749. 
AngiHert (Engilbort), St. : Abbot of St. Eiquler, 

Frankish Latin poet and min. of Charlemagne, 814. 
AngllUs, Pierre : riom. lands, painter, 1685-1734. 
Angiolotto (Giotto) : Italian painter, 1276-1336, 
Anglebert, Jean Hy. d' : Fr. musician, fl. 1680. 
Anglesey, Earl of : See Annesley, 
Anglesey, Marquis of : See Paget. 
Anglus : See Wliite, Thos. 
Angolo del Moro, Battista (Angeli, Angelo, and 

Agnolo) ; Italian painter and engraver, 1612'- 
Angolo del More, GiuUo (Angeli) : Italian sculptor, 

architect and painter, fl. 1600. 
AngoulSme, Chas. de Valoia, Due d' : French mihtary 

commander, 1573-1650. 
AngoulSme,I/)uis Ant.de Bourbon,I>uc d' : 1775-1844. 
Angouleme, Marie Thfrfee Charl., Duchesse d', 

' Madame Eoyale,' 1778-1851. 
Angrisani, Carlo : Italian vocalist, 1760*- 
Angstriim, Anders Jonas : Swed. physicist, 1814-1874. 
Anguier, Fran?. : French sculptor, 1604*-1669. 
Anguler, Michel ; French sculptor, ] 612-1686. 
Anguillara, Aloyslo : Ital. bot., post 1500-1570. 
AngulUaia, Giov. And. dell' : Ital. poet, 1617*-1564. 
Anguiselola, Sofonisba, of Cremona : painter, 1533(5)- 

1626. 
Angulo y Heredla, Ant. : Cuban author, 1837- 
Angulo, Pedro de : Span. miss, to S.America,1500*-62. 
Angus, Earls of : See Douglas. 
Angus, Caleb : EngUsh agriculturist and Free- Trade 

writer, 1782-1860. 
Angus, Jno. : Eng. Independpnt minister, 1724-1801. 
Angus, Jos. : English Baptist divine and Biblical 

scholar, 1816-1902. 
Angus, Sam. : American naval officer, 1784-1840. 
Angussola or Angusclola, Sophonisba : Italian 

portrait painter, 1635*-1626. 
Anhalt-Dessau, Prince Dietrich of ; Prussian general, 

-1769. 
Anhalt-Dessau, Leopold I., Prince of : Prussian 

field-marshal, 1676-1747. 
Anhalt-Dessau, Leop. Maximihan, Prince of : 

Prussian general, 1700-1751. 
Anhalt-Dessau, Prince Moritz of: Prussian field- 
marshal, 1712-1760. 
Anlcetus • Bishop of Home, -161. 
Anich, Pet., of Innsbruck : astronomer and mechanic, 

1723-1766. 
Anichlnl, Luigi : Italian engraver of seals and medals, 

fl. 1560. 
Aniello : See Massaniello. 

Anlmuccia, Giov. : Ital. ma<ilcal comp., 1.500*-1571. 
Animuccia, Paolo : Italian musician, -1563. 
Anjou, FranQ. (Hercule) de France, Due d' : Duke of 

Brabant, 1554-1584. 
Anjou, Geof., Earl of ; See Flantagenet. 
Ankarstiom, Joh. Jak. : Swed. regicide, 1761-1792. 
Anlaby, Wm. : Bng. B.C. missionary, 1552*-1597. 
Anlat : King of Northumbrian Danes, -942. 
Anlat (Unlaf) : Danish chief, fi. 994. 
Anna: King of East Anglia, -654, 
Anna ArnaUa, Duchess of Saxe- Weimar: musical 

composer, 1739-1807. 
Anna Amalia, Pcess. of Prussia : mus. comp., 1723-87. 
Anna Comnena : Byzantine historian, 1083-1148. 
Anna iTanovna : Empress of Bussia, 1693(4)-1740. 
Anna Leopoldovna or Catlovna : Begent of Bussia, 

1718-1746. 
Annaly, Lord : See Gore, Jno. 
Annand, Wm. : Scot. Dean of Edinburgh, 1633-1689. 
Annandale, Marquis of : See Johnstone. 



Annandsle, Chas. : Scot. cd. of books of reference, 

1843-1916. 
Annandale, Thos. : BngUsh surgeon, 1838-1907. 
Annat, Franf. : French Jesuit and Anti-Jansenist, 

1690-1670. 
Annaud, Wm. : Canadian statesman, 1808-1887. 
Anne : Empress of Bussia, 1694-1740. 
Anne : Queen of England, 1665-1714. 
Anne, of Austria : wife of Lewis XIII of France, 

1601(2)-1666. 
Anne, of Beaujeu : da. of Lewis XI., 1462*-1522. 
Anne, of Bohemia : 1st Qn. of Bichard II., 1366-94. 
Anne, of Brittany : Queen of France, 1476-1514. 
Anne, of Cleves : Queen of Henry VIII., 1515-1557. 
Anne, of Cyprus : Duchess of Savoy, -1462. 
Anne, of Denmark : Queen of James I., 1574-1619. 
Anne, of Hungary : wife of Ferdinand of Austria, 

1503-1547. 
Anne, of Bussia : Queen of Henry I. of France, 

-after 1075. 
Anne, of Savoy : Byzantine empress, 1320-1355*. 
Anne Amelia, Pcess. of Prussia : mus. comp., 1723-87. 
Anne Boleyn: 2nd Queen of Henry VIII., 1507-1536. 
Anne Marie : Queen of Spain, 1546-1580. 
Anne Neville : Queen of Bichard m., 1456-1485. 
Annebaut, Claude d' : marshal and admiral of France, 

-1552. 
Annesley, Alex. : Bng. legal and political wr. -1813, 
Annesley, Arth., 1st Earl of Anglesey : statesman 

and writer, 1614-1686. 
Annesley, Fes.: Baron Mountmorris, Viscount 

Valentia, 1585-1660. 
Annesley, jas. : English claimant, 1715-1760. 
Annesley, Sir Jas., F.E.S. : Irish surg., 1780-1847. 
Annesley, Bich. : Earl of Anglesey, 1694-1761. 
Annesley, Sam. : English ejected Nonconformist 

divine, 1620*-1698. 
Annet, Pet. : English deistical writer, 1693-1769. 
Anneukoff, Mich. Nikoloiwich : Bussian Government 

official, engmeer and general, 1835-1899. 
An(n)ianus : chronographer, fl. 385-410. 
Annlbale, Padovano : Italian musical composer, 

1527*-1603*. 
Annibali, Domenico : Italian vocalist, fl. 1736-1737. 
Annikerls : Cyrenaic philosopher, fl. B.o. 330. 
Anning, Mary: English fossil collector and dis- 
coverer of the ichthyosaurus, 1799-1847. 
Annlus, Joannes (Giov. Nanni) : Italian Dominican 

and Uterary Impostor, 1432-1502. 
Anno, St. : Archbishop of Cologne, 1010*-1075. 
Anquetil du Perron, Abr. Hyacinthe : French 

Orientalist, 1731-1805. 
Anquetil du Perron, Louis Pierre : French historian, 

1723-1808. 
Ansaldl, Casto Innocenzio : ItaUan Dominican and 

theologian, 1710-1779. 
Ansaloni, Giordano : ItaUan Dominican missionary 

in Japan, -1634. 
Ansaloni, Vincenzo : Bolognese hist, pntr., fl. 1616. 
Ansanl, Giov. : Italian vocalist. 1760'- 
Ansano : See Mencio. 
Ansbach : See Anspach. 
Anscarius, St., Archbishop of Hamburg : missionary 

to Scandinavia, 801-864. 
Anschfitz, Karl : German musician, 1813-1870. 
Ansdell, Rich., B.A. : English painter, 1815-1885. 
Anseglsus, St. : Abbot of St. Vandrille, -833. 
Ansell, Chas., F.B.S. : EngUsh actuary, 1794-1881. 
AnseU, Geo. Fred. : Eng. scientific Inv., 1826-1880. 
Anselm, St. : Bishop of Lucca, 1036*-1086. 
Anselm, St. : Archbp. of Canterbury, 1033*-1109. 
Anselm, of Laon, ' Doctor Scholasticus ' : com- 
mentator, 1030*-1117. 
Anselme, de St*. Marie : French general and his- 
torian, 1625-1694. 
Anseline, Ant. : Fr. preacher and poet, 1652-1737. 
Anselme, Jacques Bern. M. d' : Fr. gen., 1740-1814. 
Anselmi, Michelangelo (Michelangelo da Lucca) : 

Italian reUgious painter, 1491-1554. 
Anslaux, Jean Jos. El&more Antoine : Flemish 

historical and portrait painter, 1764-1840. 
Anslay, Brian: English writer; Yeoman of the 

Wine CeUar to Henry Vtll., fi. 1521. 
Anson, Geo., Lord : BritLsh admiral, 1697-1762. 
Anson, Geo. : British general, 1797-1857. 
Anson, Thos. Wm., Earl of Lichfield: statesman, 
1795-1854. 



20 



ANSON 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



ANTONISZE 



ADSon, Sir Win. Ueynell : English politician, pro- 
fessor of law and warden of All Souls, Oxford, 

1843-1914. 
Ansorge, Carl : German musician, 1817-1866. 
Ansorge, Wm. Jno. : English zoologist and explorer, 

1860-1913. 
Anspacb, Sliz., Lady Craven, Margravine of : 

dramatist, 1750-1828. 
Anspach, Fred. lUiinehart : American divine and 

author, 1815-1867. 
Anssehntitz, Aug. : German jurist, 1826-1874. 
Ansschiitz, Heim. : Germ. hist, painter, 1802-1880. 
Anstead, Thos. : English cricketer, 1840-1875. 
Ansted, Dav. Thos., F.R.S. : Eng. geol., 1814-1880. 
Anster, Jno. : Irish jurist and translator, 1793-1867. 
Anstey, Christopher : English poet, 1724-1805. 
Anstey, Hy. Frampton : Xasmanian pol., 1820*-1862. 
Aastey, Jno. : English poet, -1819, 
Anstey, Thos. Chisholm : English lawyer and poli- 
tician, 1816-1873. 
Anstlce, Jos. : English classical scholar, 1808-18^6. 
Anstie, Fes. Edm. : Eng. physn. and author, 1833-74. 
Anstls, Jno. : English herald and Garter King-of- 

Arms, 1669-1744. 
Anstis, Jno. ; English herald and Garter King-of- 

Arms, 1708-1754. 
Ansfruther, Su- Alex. : Anglo-Ind. judge, 1769-18] 9 . 
Anstrufher, Sir Jno. : OM.-Just. ol Bengal, 1753-1811. 
Anstruther, Eob.: British general, 1768-1809. 
Anstruthei, -Sir Wm. : Scottish judge, -1711. 
Antagoras, of Rhodes : epic poet, fl. B.C. 270-269. 
Antalkidas, of Sparta : Grlc. admiral, fl. u.o. 892-387. 
Antarah ibn Shaddad: Arabian chief and poet, 

fl. 500(550). 
Antelami, Benedetto : Italian sculptor, fl. 1178. 
Antelme, Sir C61icourt Aug. : Mauritius Government 

ofiicial, 1817-1899. 
Antelmi, Jos, ; French antiquary and writer on 

Church history, 1648-1697. 
Anteros, St. t Bishop of Rome, -236. 
Antes (Blume), Hein. : German colonist in America, 

1701-1765. 
Antes, Phil. Fred. : American patriot, 1730-1801. 
Antesignanus, Pierre : French classical scholar and 

grammarian, fl. 1556. 
Antheas : Greek poet, fl. B.C. 596. 
Anthemius, Flavius Procopius : Emperor of the 

West, -472(3). 
Anthemius, of Tralles : Greek mathematician and 

architect, -534. 
Anthto, Geo. Chas. d' : French politician and 

diplomatist, 1812-1895. 
Anthim the Iberian : Georgian Archbishop of 

Wallachia, scholar, artfet and orator, -1716. 
Anthon, Chas. : Amer. classical scholar, 1797-1867. 
Anthon, Chas. Edw. : Amer. numismatist, 1822-1883. 
Anthon, Geo. Christ. : Amer. educationist, 1820-1877. 
Anthon, Hy. : American divine, 1795-1861. 
Anthon, Wm. Hy. : American jurist, 1827-1875. 
Anthoniszoon, Corn. : Dutch painter and engraver, 

1600*- 
Anthony, St., ' The Great ' • Egyptian founder of 

Monachism, 251(2)-356(7). 
Anthony, of Lebrixa, ' Antonius T^ebrissensis ' : 

Spanish writer, 1444-1522. 
Anthony, of Messina : See Antonello. 
Anthony de Bourbon : titular King of Navarre, 

1518-1562. 
Anthony, St., of Padua : Franciscan theologian and 

preacher, 1196-1231. 
Anthony, of Palermo, ' Panormita ' : See Beccadelli, 
Anthony : titular King of Portugal. 1531-1595. 
Anthony Clement : King of Saxony, 1755-1836. 
Anthony, Pes. : English empiric and chemical 

physician, 1550-162?. 
Anthony, Hy. Bowen : Amer. statesman, 1815-1884. 
Anthony, Jno. : English physician, 1585-1655. 
Anthony, .Tno. Gould : Amer. natiu?alist, 1804-1877. 
Anthony, Marc ; See Baimondi. 
Antbony, Paul Gab. : French Jesuit, 1679-1748. 
Anthony, Susan Brownell : American advocate of 

abolition of slavery and woman's rights, 1820-1906. 
Anthony, Susanna : American authoress, 1726-1791. 
Antbropoulos Pasha, CostaW : Turkish governor- 
general and diplomatist, 1832-1902. 
Antias, Q. Val. : Roman historian, fl. B.C. 133-88. 
Anttgenes : Maced. military commander, -b. 0.316. 



21 



Antigna, Jean Pierre Alex. : Fr. painter, 1818-1878. 
Antlgonus : General of Alexander, B.C. 381-301. 
Antlgonus : King of Judea, B.C. 80*-37. 
Antlgonus, of Carystus : Grk. miscell. wr.,3rd cent. B.C. 
Antlgonus Doson ; King of Macedonia.B.c. 262-220(1). 
Antlgonus Gonatas : Kg. of Macedonia, B.C. 318*-239- 
Antimachos, of Claros : epic and elegiac poet, 

fl. B.C. 404. 
Antimacbos, of Teos : epic poet, fl. B.C. 753. 
Antimaco, Maroantonio : Greek teacher in Italy, 

1473*-1552. 
Antin, Due de : See Gondrin. 
Antine, Maur Fran?, d' : French Benedictine and 

chronologist, 16S8-1746. 
Antlnoos : favourite of Hadrian, -bet. 132 and 122. 
Antinorl, Luigi : Italian vocalist, 1697*- 
Antinorl, Vine, of Florence ; scholar, -1S65. 
Antlochus I., Soter : Kina of Syria, B.C. 324(5)-261. 
Antlocbus II., Tbeos : Kina of Syria, B.C. 286-248. 
Antiocbus III., the Great : King of Syria, B.C. 242 

(38)-187. 
Antiocbus IV., Epiphanes : King of Syria, -B.C. 164. 
Antiocbus V., Eupator : King ol Syria, -B.C. 162. 
Anfloohus VI. : King of Syria, -B.C. 140. 
Antiocbus VII^ Sidefes : King of Syria, B.C. 161-126. 
Antiocbus VIII., Grypus : King of Syria, B.C. 141-96. 
Antiocbus VIII. (IX.), Kyzicenos : King of Syria, 

Antioehus IX.(X.),Eusebes : Kg. of SyTia,fl. B.o. 95-83. 

Antiocbus X.(XI.), Epiphanes : Kg. of Syria, -B.c.93. 

Antiocbus, of JSgae : rhetorician and cynic, fl. 200*. 

Antlochus, of As'calon : Greek academic philosopher, 
fl. B.C. 87-79. 

Antiocbus, of Syracuse ; Grk. historian, fl. B.C. 423. 

Antipater : IVIacedonian general. Regent of Mace- 
donia, father of Cassander, B.C. 398*-319. 

Antipater : son of Cassander, -B.o. 294. 

Antipater, of Sidon : epigrammatist, fl. B.C. 150-127. 

Antipater, of Tarsus : Stoic, fl. B.C. 145. 

Antipater, of Thessalonica ; epigrammatist, fl. 

B.C. 10-A.D. 38. 

Antipater, of Tyre : Stoic, -write B.C. 44. 
Antlphanes ; Greek comic poet, B.C. 404-330. 
Antlphanes, of Egypt : painter, fl. B.C. 340-310. 
Antlpbllns : Greek-Egyptian painter, fl. B.C. 300*. 
Antlphon : Greek orator, B.o. 480(79)-411, 
Antlpbon ; Greek tragic poet, fl, e.g. 400, 
Antlqals, Giov, d' : Ital. director of ma'^ic, fl, 1574, 
Antiqnus, Joh, : Dutch historical pntr., 1702-1750. 
Antlsthenes : Greek foimder of the sect of Cynics, 

B.C. 444*-365. 
Antlsthenes, of Rhodes : historian, fl. B.o. 198. 
Antoine : See also Anthony. 
Antolne, Paul Gab. : French Jesuit, 1670-1743. 
Antokolsky, Marc : Russian- French sculptor. 1842- 

1903. 
Antolinez y Sarabia, Francisco : Spanish historical 

and landscape painter, 1644-1700. 
Antommarcbl, Franc. : Corsican physn., -1838. 
Anton : See also Anthony. 
Anton, Eduard ; German publisher. 1794-1872. 
Anton, Karl Gottlieb : German philol., 1778-1861. 
Anton, Kon. Gottlob : German philol., 1745-1814. 
iVnton, Rob. : English poetical writer, fl. 1616. 
Antonelll, Giacomo ; Italian cardinal and papal 

statesman, 1806-1876. 
Antonelll, Juan : Ital. engineer in Mexico, fl. 1589. 
Antonello (Antonio) da Messina : Italian historical 

and portrait painter, 1480*-1479. 
Antoniadls, Sir Jno. : Greek-Egyptian banker, 

1817-1895. 
Antoniano, Silvio : Rom. card, andschol., 1540-1603. 
Antonldes, Jan van der Goes : Dutch poet, 1647-1684. 
Antonlnl, St., de Forciglioni : Archbiiiop of Florence 

1389-1459. 
Antoninus Llberalls : Greek grammarian, fl. 160. 
Antoninus Plus : Roman Emperor, 86-161. 
Antoninus, M. Aurelius, ' Philosopher ' : Roman 

emperor, 121-180. 
Antonio : See also Anthony and Antonello. 
Antonio, Dom., Prior of Crato: claimant to the 

throne of Portugal, 1531-1595. 
Antonio, Nlc. : Spanish bibliographer, 1617-1684 
Antonio de Lebrija : Spanish scholar, 1444-1522 
Antonio de SedlUa, ' Pere Antoine ' : Spanish R C 

priest in America, 1730*-1829, 
Antonlsze, C!om. : Dutch pntr. and engrav., 1500-36. 



ANTONIUS 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



ARANAZ 



Antonlus, Monseigneur: metropolitan of St. Peters- 
burg and ecclesiastical writer, 1850-1912- 

Antonius, C. Hybrida : Roman consul, -B.o. 44. 

Antonius, M. : Roman orator, B.C. 143-87. 

Antonius, M. : Roman triumvir, B.C. 83*-30. 

Antonius, WUh. : German printer, -1611. 

Antonius Nebrissensis : See Nebrissensis. 

Antraigues, Emm. Hen. Louis Alex, de Launay, Ct, 
d' : Fr. publicist and pol. adventurer, 1755*-1812. 

Antrim, Earl of : See MacDonnell. 

Anvari, 'King of Khorassan': Pers. poet, -1200(1). 

Anville, Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d' : French 
geographer, 1697-1782. 

Anwyl, Sir Bdw. : English philologist and professor 
of Welsh, 1866-1914. 

Anzengruber, Ludw. : Austrian dramatist and 
novelist, 1839-1889. 

Anzino, Valerio : Italian court chaplain, 1832-1899. 

Anzoategui, Jos4 Ant. : Venezuelan sold., 1789-1819. 

Aoki, Viscount Shuzo : Japanese diplom., 1844-1914. 

Aon-ur-Reflk Pasha : Grand Shereef of Mecca, 
-1905. 

Apcar, Sir Apcar Alex. : Indian merchant and 
sportsman, 1S50-1913. 

Apel, Joh. Aug. : Germ, poet and dram., 1771-1816. 

Apelles : Greek painter, fl. B.o. 332*. 

Apelles : Marcionite heretic, fl. 188. 

Apellicon, of Teos : peripatetic pliilos., -artie B.C. 86. 

Aper Arrius : prsetorian prefect, -284. 

Apes, Wm. : American author and Indian preacher, 
1800*- 

Aphareus : Greek orator and tragic poet, fl. B.C. 
368-341. 

Apherdianus (Afterden), Pet.: Dutch philologist, 
fl. 1573-1575. 

Aphraates, Bishop : Persian sage, fl. 337-345. 

Aphthonius, of Antioch : Greek rhetorician and 
sophist, fl. 315*. 

Apian, Phil. : Germ, mathem. and geog., 1531-1689. 

Apianus (Bienewitz), Pet. ; Germ, astron., 1495-1552. 

Apieius, M. Gabius : Roman epicure, fl. 14-37. 

Apin, Big. Jak. : German philologist, 1693-1732. 

Apion : Greek rhetorician, grammarian, commentator 
on Homer and controversialist, fl. 38-40. 

Apli, Arn. Otto : Swiss politician, 1816-1897. 

Aplin, Pet. : British admiral, 1753-1817. 

Apocaucus: Grand Duke of jiyz. Empire, -1345. 

Apodaca, Juan Ruiz : Spanish naval captain- 
general, 1770-1836. 

Apollinaris, * The Elder ' ; grammarian and divine, 
fl. 335-362. 

ApoUinaris, ' The Younger ' : Bishop of Laodicea and 
commentator, -390. 

ApoUinaris, St. Claudius : Bp. of Hierapolis, fl. 170-6. 

Apollinaris, Sidonius Caius GalJius : Christian writer 
and bishop, 431*-487(8). 

Apollinaris, Sulpicius : gram, of Carthage, 2nd cent. 

Apollodonis, of Athens : Greek painter, fl. B.C. 408. 

ApoUodorus, of Athens : grammarian, B.C. 168*-8S*. 

ApoUodorus, of Carystus : comic poet, fl. B.C. 300-260. 

ApoUodorus, of Damascus : Greek architect, 60*-130*. 

ApoUodorus, of Pergamus : rhetorician, fl. B.C. 63-44. 

ApoUonides^ of Cos : physn. and surg., fl. B.C. 465-425. 

ApoUonio, Jacopo, of Bassano : painter, 1584-1654. 

ApoUonius, of Alexandria : sophist and grammarian, 
fl. B.C. 40-80. 

ApoUonius, of Athens ; sophist and rhetorician, fl.l96. 

ApoUonius, of Chalcis : Stoic, fl. 133. 

ApoUonius Dyscolus : grammarian, fl. 140-160. 

ApoUonius Malacus : rhetorician, fl. B.C. 107-95. 

ApoUonius Melon : Greek rhetorician, fl. B.C. 88-77. 

ApoUonius, of Perga : Grk. mathem., fl. B.C. 225. 

ApoUonius Rhodius : Greek epic poet and gram- 
marian, B.C. 245(40)-186. 
ApoUonius, of Tyana : Greek Pythagorean philos- 
opher, B.o. 4(3)-A.D. 97. 
ApoUophanes : comic poet, fl. B.C. 400. 
Apono (Aponus),Ped. di ; SeeAbano. 
ApostoIIos, Mich. : Grk. theol. and rhetor., -1480. 
Apostool, Sam. ; founder of sect, 1638-1700*. 
Appa Sahib : Indian raja, -1840. 
Appel, Gen. von ; Austrian soldier and administrator, 

1827-1906. 
Appel, Jac. : Dutch painter, 1680-1751. 
Appelman, Barent (Hector) : Dutch painter, 1640-86. 
Appendlnl, Franc. Maria ; Italian historian and 
philologist, 176S-1837. 



Apperley, Chas. Jas. ; English writer on field 

sports, 1777-1843. 
Apperly, Sir Alf. : Eng. industrialist, 1839-1913. 
Appert, Ben. Nic. Marie : French philanthropist, 

1797-1847. 
Applani, And. : Ital. fresco painter, 1754-1817. 
Appiani, Franc. : Italian fresco painter, 1702- 

1792. 
Appianus, of Alexandria : historian, fl. 130-147. 
Applegarth, Aug. : English printer, -1871. 
Appleton, Chas. Edw. C. Birch : English author, 

1841-1879. 
Appleton, Dan. : American publisher, 1785-1849. 
Appleton, Geo. Webb : Amer. nov., 1844-1909. 
Appleton, Hy. : Brit, naval captain, fl. 1050-1654. 
Appleton, Jas. : Amer. temp, reformer. 1786-1862. 
Appleton, Jesse : Amer. educationist, 1772-1819. 
Appleton, Jno. : American lawyer, 1815-1864. 
Appleton, Jno. Fes. : Amer. brig.-gen., 18.39-1871. 
Appleton, Jno. Jas. : Amer. diplomatist, 1789-1864. 
Appleton, Nathan : American writer on banking, 

merchant and politician, 1779-1861. 
Appleton, Ifath. : American divine, 1693-1784. 
Appleton, Sam. : American merchant, 1766-1853. 
Appleton, Thos. Gold : Amer. author, 1812-1884. 
Appleton, Wm. : American merchant and philan- 
thropist, 1786-1862. 
Appleton, Wm. Hy. : Amer. publisher, 1814-1899. 
Appleyard, Sir Matth. : Brit, mil. com., 1606-1670. 
Appling, Dan. ; American soldier, 1787-1817. 
Appold, Jno. Geo., F.R.S. : English inventor of 

centrifuKal pump, 1800-1865. 
Appold, Karl : German engraver, painter and 

illustrator, 1840-1884. 
Apraksin, Theod. Matoyeevich: Russian soldier, 

1671-1728. 
Apries (Pharaoh Hoptea) : King of Egypt, fl. B.C. 580. 
Aprile, Gins. : Italian vocalist, 1738-1814. 
Aprosio, Angclico. ' II Padre Vintimiglia ' ■ Italian 

writer, 1607-1681. 
Apshoven, Ferd. van : Dutch painter, 1630-1694. 
Apshoven, Thos. van : Dutch painter, 1622-64 or 5. 
Apsines, of Gadara : sophist and rhetorician, fl. 235. 
Apsley, Sir Allen : English soldier and Lieutenant of 

the Tower, 16G9*-16,S0. 
Apsley, Sir Allen : Eng. Royalist leader, 1616-1683. 
Apulelus, Lucius : Platonic philosopher and rhetor- 
ician, 126*-after 173. 
Aqiba ben Joseph : Palestinian rabbi, 50*-132. 
Aquapendente : See Fabricius. 
Aquaviva, And Mat. : Neapolitan noble and writer, 

1457*-1528. 
Aquaviva, Claudio : ItaUan general of the Jesuits 

and uTiter, 1542-1615. 
Aquaviva, Ottavio : Cardinal, Archbishop of Naples 

and patron of learning, 1560*-1612. 
Aquepontanus : See Bridgewater, Jno. 
AquUa : trans, of Old Testament into Grk,, fl, 130*. 
Aquila, Caspar : German reformer, 1488-1560, 
Aquila, Francesco Faraone : Sicil, engrav,, 1676- 
AquUa, Piotro : Sicil, engrav, and pntr,, 1640*-90*, 
AquUa, Pompeio del : Italian painter, fl. 1580*. 
AquUano, Seraflno, or del AquUa : Italian poet and 

improvisatore, 1466-1500. 
AquUlius, Manius : Roman general, fl. B.C. 101-88. 
Aquinas, Thomas, St., ' AngeHc Doctor ' : Italian 

scholastic theoloeian, 1227*-1274. 
Aquino, Carlo A' ■ Neapolitan savant, 1654-1737. 
Aquino, Phil, de Carpentras : converted Jew and 

Hebraist, 1580*-1650. 
Arabella Stuart : claimant to Eng. throne, 1575-1615. 
Arabi, Sayed Ahmed, P?sha : Egyptian general and 

rebel, 1841-1911. 
Arabschah, of Damascus : historian, -1450. 
Araccna, Dom. : Chilian scholar, 1810-1874. 
Arago, Dom. Fran?. Jean : Fr. astron., 1786-1853. 
Arago, Eman. : Fr. statesm. and diplom., 1812-1896. 
Arago, Etienne : French dramatist, 1803-1849. 
Arago, Jean : Mexican general, 1783-1836. 
Araja, Francesco : Ital.-Russ, mus, comp,, 1700*-70* 
Arakcheev, Aleksyei Andreevich, Count : Russian 

soldier and statesman, 1769-1834, 
Araldl, Aless, : Italian painter, -1528, 
Aram, Eugene : English crimma], philologist and 

schoolmaster, 1704-1759, 
Aranaz, Pedro : Spanish priest .and muisical com- 
poser, -1825, 



22 



ARANDA 



DICTIONAEY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



ABENDS 



Aranda, Ped. Pablo Abarca de Bolea : Prime 

mlnlBter of Spain and general, 1719-1798. 
Arango y Escandon, Alej. : Mex. author, 1821- 
Arango y Parreno, Franc, de : Cuban stateeman, 

1765-1837. 
Arango, Eafael de : Spanish soldier, 1788-1850. 
Arantius, Giul. Gses., of Bologna : anatomist and 

physiologist, 1530»-1589. 
Arany, Janos : Hungarian poet, 1817-1882, 
Aranzazu, Juan de Dios ; Colomb. statesm., -1845. 
Araros : Greek comic poet, fl. B.C. 37.5. 
ArasOD, Jon : Icelandic bp. and poet, 1484-1551. 
Aratus, of Sicyon : Achjean general, statesman and 

historian, E.o. 271-213. 
Aratus; astronomical poet of Cilicia, fl. B.C. 272, 
Araujo d'Azevedo, Ant. : Port, statesm., 1754-1817. 
Araujo y Rio : Span. gov. of Guatemala, fl. 1742-51. 
Arbaces : founder of Median Empire, -848. 
Arbasia, Cesare : Italian painter, fl. 1600. 
Arbeau, Thoinot ( Jehan Tabourot) : French writer on 

dance music, 16th century. 
Arber, Bdw. : F-ng. man of letters, 1836-1912. 
Arblay, Frances (Barney), Mme d' : English 

novelist, 1752-1840. 
Arbogast, Louis Franp. Ant. : Fr. mathem., 1759-1803. 
Arbogastes ; Gallic ofiicer, -394. 
Arbois de Jubainville, Marie Hen. d' : Fr. historian and 

philologist, 1827-1910. 
Arboleda, Julio : Colombian poet, -1872. 
Arborio di Gattinara, Conte di : Ital. card,, 1465-1530, 
Arbrisseles, Rob, d' : founder of Fontevrault .'Vbbey, 

1047»-1117, 
Arbuckle, Jas, : Irish poet, 1700-1734*, 
Arbuckle, Matth, : Amer, brig.-gen., 1776-1851. 
Arbuckle, Sir Wm. : Scot.-S. Afr. statesman and 

agent-gen., 1839-1915. 
Arbuthnot, Alex. ; Scot, divine and poet, 1538-1583. 
Arbuthnot (Arbuthnet), Alex. : Scottish merchant 

and reformer, -1585. 

Arbuthnot, Sir Alex. Jno. : Anglo-Indian oflicial 

and biographer, 1822-1907. 
Arbuthnot, Chas. : Eng. diplom. and pol., 1767-1850. 
Arbuthnot, Sir Chas. Geo. : Brit, gen., 1824-1899. 
Arbuthnot, Forater Fitzgerald : English Orientalist, 

born in India, 1833-1901. 
Arbuthnot, Geo. : Brit. Civil servant, 1802-1865. 
Arbuthnot, Jno., F.K.S. : Scottish physician, wit 

and writer, 1667-1735. 
Arbuthnot, Marriot : British admiral, 1711*-1794. 
Arbuthnot, Sir Rob. : Brit, lieut.-gen., 1773-1853. 
Arbuthnot, Sir Thos. ; Brit, lieiit.-gen., 1776-1849. 
Arbuthnot, Wm. Urquhart : Anaio-Indian oflicial, 

1807-1874. 
Arc, Joan of : Fr. patriot and heroine, 1412-1431. 
Arcadelt, Jac. : Netherland- Italian musician and 

singer, 1514*-1656*. 
Arcadius : Rom. Emperor of the Bast, 378-408. 
Arcadius, of Antioch : Greek grammarian, 2nd cent. 
Arcano, Mauro d", ' II Mauro ' ; Italian burlesque poet, 

1490*-1536. 
Arce, Franc. : Oalifornian pioneer, 1822-1878. 
Area, Man. : Mexican priest, 1725-1785. 
Arcire, Ant,, of Marseilles : Orientalist and collector 

of MSS., -1699, 
Aicfere, Louis Etienne, of Marseilles : poet and topo- 
graphical historian, 1698-1782. 
Arcerius Theodoretus, Joh. : Frisian philol., fl. 1598, 
Arcesilaus : Athen. Platonic philos., B.o, 316-241, 
Arcesilaus : sculptor, fl, post B.C. 100. 
Arcet, Jean d' : Fr. natural philosopher 1725-1801, 
Archangel, Father : See Forbes, Jno. 
Archbold, Jno, Fred, : Bug. legal writer, 1785-1870, 
Arohdale, Jno, : English Governor of North CaroUna, 

fl, 1664-1707, 
Archdall, Mervyn : Irish antiquary, 1723-1791, 
Archdekin ( Arsdekin), Rich. : Irish Jesuit, 1618-1693, 
Arehedikos ; Greek comic poet, fl, b,c, 302. 
Archelaos : King of Egypt, -B.o. 65. 
Archelaos : King of Macedonia, B.C. 413-399, 
Archelaos, of Cappadocia ; general of Mithridates. fl. 

B.C. 85. 
Archelaos, of Miletus : Ionian philos., fl. B.C. 450. 
Archelaus : son of Herod, fl. a.d. 5. 
Archenhoiz, Joh . Wilh. von : German historical writer 

1743-1812. 
Archer, Alex. : Australian banker, 1828-1890. 
Archer, Branch T. : Texan revolutionist, 1790-1856. 



Archer, Bdw. : English physician, 1718-1789. 
Archer, Fred. Scott ; Eng. photographic inv,, 1813-57, 
Archer, Fred, : English jockey, 1857-1886, 
Archer, Fred, : English- American mnsician, composer 

and musical journalist, 1838-1901. 
Archer, Jas. : IrL* Jesuit, 1561*-1624*. 
Archer, Jas. ; English R.C. preacher, fl. 1822. 
Archer, Jas. ■ Scottish painter, 1823-1904. 
Archer, Jno. : English judge, 1598-1682. 
Archer, Jno. ; English physn. to Chas. II., fl. 1660-84, 
Archer, Jno, : Amer, physician and pol., 1741-1810. 
Archer, Jno. Wykeharo : English engraver, painter 

and antiquary, 1808-1864. 
Archer, Sam. B. : American soldier, 1790-1825. 
Archer, Sir Symon : Warwickshire antiq., 1581-1662. 
Archer, Thos. : English divine, 1564-1630*. 
Archer, Thos. : English architect, -1 743. 
Archer, Thos. : English actor and dramatist, -1848. 
Archer, Wm., F.R.8. : Irish naturalist and librarian, 

1830-1897, 
Archer, Wm, S. : American statesman, 1789-1855. 
Archer-Hind, Rich, Dacre (Hodgson) : English 

classical scholar and Platonifit, 1849-1910, 
Archermus : Chian sculptor, B.C. 6th century. 
Archestratus : Greek poet, fl, B,c, 330. 
Archiac, Etienne Jules Desmier, Vicomte d' : French 

geologist and paiseonfologist, 1802-1868. 
Archias : founder of Syracuse, fl. B.C. 734. 
Archias, Aulus Lidnius ; (Jreek poet, B.C. 120- 
Archibald, Sir Adams Geo. : Canadian statesman, 

1814-1892. 
Archibald, Sir Thos, Dickson : Canadian- English 

judge, 1817-1876, 
Archidamus I, : King of Sparta, fl. B.C. 668. 
Arehidamus II. : King of Sparta, -B,o, 427(9), 
Archidamus III, : Kmg of Sparta, -B,c, 338, 
Archidamus IV, : King of Sparta, fl, B,c, 296, 
Archidamus V, : King of Sparta. -B.o. 224. 
Archlloeus, of Paros : Greek lyric poet and lam- 
poonist, fl. B.C. 650. 
Archimedes : mathem., b. at Syracuse, B.o. 287-212. 
Aichinos : Greek orator, fl. B.C. 403. 
Archippos : Greek comic poet, fl. B.C. 415-412. 
Archytas, of Tarentum : philosopher, B.C. 428*-347. 
Aico, Alonzo del : deaf and dumb Spanish painter, 

1625-1700, 
Arco, Mc, Count of : Ital. Latin poet 1479-1546. 
Arco Valley, Ct. Emerich : Germ, diplom., -1909. 
Arcon, Jean Claude d' : Fr. mil. engin., 1733-1800. 
Arcos y Moreno, Alonso : Spanish general and gover- 
nor, fl. 1754-1760. 
Arci), Phil. Aug. de St. Foix d" : Fr. hist, wr., -1779. 
Arctinos, of Miletus : Greek cyclical poet. fl. B.C. 744, 
Arcudi, Aless, Tommaso : Venetian historian and 

biographer, 1656-1718. 
Arcudio, Pietro : Italian theologian, 1670*-1635*, 
Arculphus : French bishop and writer on the Holy 

Land, fl, 690', 
Ardagh, Sir Jno, Chas, : British general and engineer. 

1840-1907, 
Arden, Bdw, : High Sheriff of Warwickshire. 1642-83. 
Arden, Rich. Pepper, 1st Lord Alvanley; judge, 

1745-1804. 
Arderne, Jas. : Dean of Chester, 1636-1691. 
Arderne, Jno. : English surgeon, fl. 1370. 
Arderon, Wm., F.R.S. : Eng. naturalist, 1703-1767. 
Ardicini, Lewis : Ital. wr. on agriculture, 1739-1833. 
Ardilaun, Lord : See Guinness, Arth. Edw. 
Arditi, Luigi : ItaUan English musical composer and 

conductor, 1822-1903, 
Ardmillan, Lord : See Crawford, 
Ardouin, Marchese d'lvrea : King of Italy -1015 
Ardshir (Artaxerxes) : fdr, of the Sassanida, -24o! 
Arduenna(Ardenne),Remacled':Fr,poet,1480*-1524 
Ardwall, Lord : See Jameson, And, 
Are (Frode) : Icelandic historian, 1067-1148 
ArSchaga, Juan de : Cuban jurist and Governor of 

Yucatan, fl, 1662-1671, 
Areios (Arius), of Alexandria : philosopher fl b c 30 
Arena, Ant, d' : French jurist and Macaronic poet, 

-1544, 
Arena or Harena, Jac, : Italian jurist, fl. 1320, 
Arenales, Jos6 : Argentine geographer 1790*- 
Arenberg, Prince Franz von Assist Ludw, Maria von • 

German poUtician, 1861-1907, 
Arends, Leopold Alex, Fried, . Polish-Gernnu 

stenographer, 1817-1882, 



23 



ARENDT 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



ARMAGNAC 



Arendtt Mart. Fried. : German traveller and archsB- 

ologist, 1769-po»i 1824. 
Aidne, Emm. : French dramatist, journalist and 

senator, 1856-1908. 
Aline, Paul : French poet and novelist, 1843-1896. 
Arents : See Ahrendt. 

Aientsschildt, Alex, von : Qerman general, 1806-81. 
Arentsschildt, Wilh. Dan. von : Oeiman-Bussian 

general, 1761-1835. 
Ares, Fascual de Gayangos y : See Gayangos y Ares. 
Aresi, Paolo : Italian theologian, 1574*-1644. 
Aretseus, ol Oappadocia ; Greek phjrsician, fl. 70*. 
Arethas : Byzantine theological writer and scholar 

and Archbishop of Caesarea, 860*-940. 
Aretin, Joh. ChrLstoph. Ant. Maria, Baron von : 

German writer, 1773-1824. 
Aretino, Fran?. ; See Accolti. 
Aretlno or Avezzo, Guido d' : Italian inventor of 

musical gamut, 995*- 
Aretlno, Leon. : See Aretinus. 
Aretino, Pietro : Italian satmst, 1492-1556. 
Aretino, Spinello : Ital, pntr., 131S-po«t 1408. 
Aretinus (Leon. Bruni) : Italian philologist and 

historian, 1369-1444. 
Aretius, Petro : See Aretino. 

Aretusi,Cesare : Bolognese port, and hist. pntr.,fl.l550. 
Aretnsi, Pellegrino de (Pellegrino Munari and Pelle- 

grino da Modena) : Italian painter, -1523. 
Areus I. : Elng of Sparta, -B.C. 265. 
Arte, Juan de : Spanish carver, 1536-1603*. 
Arfvedson, Joh. A. : Swedish chemist, 1792-1841. 
Argall, Jno. : Bng. schol. and theo)., -1606. 
.Arsall, aich. : English poet, fl. 1621. 
Argall, Sir Sam. : Dy. Gov. of Virginia, -1626. 
Argand, Aim6 : Swiss physician, chemist and in- 
ventor of Argand lamp, 1756-1803. 
Argelander, Fried. Wilh. Aug. : German astronomer, 

1799-1875. 
Argellati, Filippo : Italian writer, 1685-1755. 
Argens, Jean Bapt. de Boyer. Marquis of : French 

soldier and writer, 1704-1771. 
Argensola, Bart. Leon, de : Spanish historian, poet 

and theologian, 1502-1631. 
Argensola, Lupercio Leon, de : Spanish dramatist, 

poet and historian, 1559-1613. 
Argenson, Pierre de V. d' : French Governor of 

Canada, 1626-1709*. 
Argenson, Marc Pierre, Corate de : French states- 
man, 1696-1764, 
Argental, Chas. Aug.de Ferrlol, Count of: French 

diplomatist, 1700-1788. 
Argenterio, Giov,, of Turin ; physician, 1513-1572. 
Argentine, Giles de : Norman- English justiciar and 

baronial leader, fl. 1283-1284. 
Argentine, Jno. : English physician and Provost of 

King's College, Cambridge, fl. 1507-1508. 
Argentine, Rich., ' Sexten' : Eng. U.C. wr„ -1668. 
ArgentrS, Bertrand d' : hist, of Brittany, 1519-1690. 
Argentri, Ohas. Duplessia d' : Bishop of Tulle and 

writer, ' Colleetio Judiciorum,' 1673-1740. 
Argenville, Ant. Jos. Dezallier d' : French miscel- 
laneous writer, 1680-1765. 
Argoli, And. : Ital. mathematician, 1570-1653*. 
Argoli, Giov. : Ital. poet and archaeol., 1609*-1660». 
Argonne, Noel Bonaventure d' : French Carthusian 

jurist and man of letters, 1634*-1704. 
Argote de Molina, Gonzalo ; Span, hist., 1549-1690*. 
Arguello, Luis Ant. : Gov. of California, 1784-1830. 
Argues, Gerard des : Fr. geometer, 1593-1662. 
Argyle (Argyll), Dukos, Earls and Marquises of : 

See Campbell. 
Argyropoulos, Joannes : Greek humanist and reviver 

of learning in Italy, 1416*-1486*. 
Arialdus; deacon at Milan and reformer, -1066. 
Ariarathes I. : King of Cappadocia, -B.o. 322. 
Ariarathes 11. : King of Cappadocia, fl. B.o. 315. 
Ariarathes III. : King of Cappadocia, -B.o. 220. 
Ariarathes IV. : King of Cappadocia, -B.o. 163, 
Ariarathes V. : King of Cappadocia, -B.C. 130. 
Ariarathes VI. : King of Cappadocia, -B.o. 96. 
Ariarathes VII., VHI. : King of Cappadocia, fl. B.C. 96. 
Ariarathes IX. : King of Cappadocia, -B.C. 36. 
Arias, Franc. Gabino : Argentine trav., -1808*. 
Arias de Benavides, Pedro : Spanish physician in 

America, fl. 16th century. 
Arias Fernandez, Antonio : Spanish historical painter, 

1620*-1684. 



Arias Montano, Benito ; Spanish divine and Orient- 
alist, 1627-1598. 
Aridaeus : See Arrhidasus. 

Arillaga, Basilic Man. : Mex. schol., 1785*-1867. 
Arlobarzanes I. : King of Cappadocia, fl. B.o. 90. 
Arlobarzanes II. : King of Oappadocia, -b.o. 'SI. 
Arlobarzanes HI. : King of Cappadocia, -B.o. 42. 
Arlobarzanes I. : King of Pontus, fl. B.o. 400. 
Arlobarzanes II. : Kuig of Pontus, -B.o, 337. 
Arlobarzanes III. : King of Pontus, -B.o. *240. 
Ariosti, Attilio : Ital. musical composer, 1660*- 
Ariosto, Gab. : Italian poet, -1552. 
Ariosto, Lodovico : Italian poet, ' Orlando Furioso, 

1474-1533. 
Ariovistus : German chief, fl. B.o. 58. 
Arisi, Franc^ of Cremona : writer, 1657-1743. 
Arismendi, Juan Bautlsta : Venez. gen., 1786- 
Arista, Mariano : Mexican general, 1802-1855. 
Aristsenetus : Grk. epistolographer, 5th or 6th cent. 
Arlstander : soothsayer of Alexander the Great, B.C. 

4th century. 
Aristarehi Bey : Turkish diplomatist, -1914. 
Aristarehus : Athenian leader in Four Hundred, 

-B.o. 406* 
Aristarehus, of Samos : Grk. astron,, -B.C. 264. 
Aristarehus, of Samothrace : Greek grammarian and 

critic, B.o. 220*-143. 
Aristeas (mythical) : Grk. epic poet, fl. B.o. 546*. 
Aristias : Greek tragic poet, fl. B.o. 426. 
Aristides : Greek Christian philosopher, fl. 125. 
Aristides, 'The Jusf: Athen. statesm., B.o. 630*-468*. 
Aristides, P. .^Blius Theod. : Greek rhetorician and 

sophist, 129*-189. 
Aristides, Qulntilianus : writer on music, 3rd cent. 
Aristides, of Thebes : pamter, fl. B.o. 360-330. 
Aristion : epicurean, -B.o. 86. 
Aristippus : Cyrenaic philosopher, B.C. 435*-356. 
Aristlzabal, Gab. de : Span, admiral, 1743-1805. 
Aristo or Ariston, of Chios : Stoic philos., fl. B.o. 260. 
Aristo, of Fellas : Jewish Christian writer, 2nd cent. 
Aristo, Titus : lloman jurist, fl. 100-110. 
Aristobulos I. : high-priest and King of the Jews, 

-B.o. 106. 
Aristobulus II. : high-priest and King of the Jews, 

-B.o. 49. 
Aristobulus 11. ; King of Armenia Minor, fl. 55-73. 
Aristobulus, of Cassandreia : Grk. hist., B.C. 4th cent. 
Aristobulus, of Paneas : Jewish peripatetic phil- 
osopher, fl. B.o. 160. 
Arlstocles, ofKydonia: sculptor, fl. B.C. 575. 
Aristocles, of Sikyon : sculptor, fl. B.o. 625. 
Aristodemus : one of the Heracleidse, fl. B.o. 1103. 
Aristogeiton: tyrant of Athens, fl. B.C. 514. 
Aristolaus : Greek painter, fl. b.o. 308*. 
Arlstomenes : Greek comic poet, fl. B.o. 431-388. 
Ariston, of Ceos ; peripatetic philos., fl. B.o. 230. 
Ariston, of Chios : Stoic, fl. b.o. 260. 
Aristonicus : claimant of Pergamus. -B.o. 129. 
Aristophanes, Greek comic dramatist and poet, B.C. 

44S*-385. 
Aristophanes, of Byzantium : grammarian and critic, 

B.C. 267*- . 
Aristophon, the Azenian : orator, fl. B.o. 411-354. 
Arlstophon, the Colyttian : orator, fl. B.C. 341. 
Aristotle : Greek philosopher, B.o. 384-322. 
Aristoxenos, of Selinus ; poet, fl. B.C. 628. 
Arlstoxenos : Greek writer on music and peripatetic 

philosopher, fl. B.C. 380. 
Aristyllos : Greek astronomer, fl. B.C. 233. 
Arius ; founder of Arianism, -336. 
Arjona, Man. de : Span, eccles. and poet, 1761-1820. 
Arkel, Corn, van, oi Amsterdam : Arminian divine 

and preacher, 1670-1724. 
Arkenholz, Joh. : Swedish writer, 1695-1777. 
Arklsden, Thos. : English stenographer, fl. 1633. 
Arkwright, Capt. : English cricketer, 1837-1866. 
Arkwright, Sir Rich. : English inventor of Spinning 

Jenny, 1732-1792. 
Arkwright, Rich. : Bng. cotton manuf., 1755-1843. 
Arkwright, Mrs. Rob. ; Eng. mus. comp., -1849. 
Arlaud, Jacques Ant. : Swiss painter, 1868-1746. 
Arlington, Earl of : See Bennet. 
Arlotto, ' II Piovano, The Dean ' ■ ItaUan humorist, 

1395-1483. 
Arlt, Ferd. von : Bohemian oculist, 1812-1887. 
Armagnac, Bernard, 7th Count: father-in-law of 

Duke of Orleans, -1418. 



24 



ABMAGNAC 



DICTIOXARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



ARNOLD 



AnnagDM, Jean, 4th Count : reTolted to the 

English, -1450. 
Annagnae, Jean, 5th Count ; opponent of Louis XI., 

-1473. 
Armand, Cliao. Trefln, Marquis de la Bonaire ; 

French soldier, 1761-1793. 
Armando Jos. Fran^. : Canadian senator, 1820-1903. 
Armann, Yincenzo (Monsu Armanno) ; Flemish 

landscape painter, 1598-1649. 
Aimendailx, Lope Diaz de : Spanish viceroy of 

Mexico, fl. 1635. 
ArmeDgand, Jean Germain Dfe?ir6 : French writer on 

art, 1797-1869. 
Armes, Phil. ; Eng. org. and mns. comp., 1836-1908. 
Armfeldt, Gust. Mor., Count of : Swedish statesman, 

1757-1814. 
Armijo, Marquis de la Vega di: See Aguilar y Correa. 
Armin, Koh. : Eng. actor and dramatist, fi. 1610. 
.Armine (Armyne), Lady Mary : English scholar and 

benefactress, -1675(6). 
Armine, Bich. and Wm. de : See Ayreminne. 
Armine (Armyne). Sir Wm. : Eng. Pari., 1593-1651. 
Armingand, Jules : French violinist, 1820-1900. 
Arminios : Cheruscan chief, the (^rman national 

hero, B.C. 17-A.D. 21. 
Arminias, Jac. Harraensen : Datch theoL, 1560-1609. 
Armistead, Geo. : American soldier, 1780-1818. 
Armistead, Lewis Addison : American brigadier- 
general, 1817-1863. 
Armistead, Walter Keith : Amer. sold., 1785«-1845. 
Armitage, Edw., B..A. : British painter, 1817-1896. 
Armitage, Thos. : Amer. dlv. and writer, 1819- 
Armitage, Tim. : Eng. Congreg. minister, -1635. 
Armitage, Wm. Edm. : American Protestant Epis- 
copal bishop of Wisconsin, 1830-1873. 
Armour, Jno. Douglas : Canad. judge, 1830-1903. 
Armour, Phil. Danforth : American merfhant and 

philanthropist, 1832-1901. 
Armsby, Jas. H. : Amer. physician, 1809-1875. 
Armstead, Hy. Hugh : Eng. sculptor, 1828-1905. 
Armstrong, Sir Alex., F.E.S. : British naval medical 

officer, 1818-1899. 
Armstrong, Arch. : Scottish jester of James I. and 

Charles I., -1672. 
Armstrong, Cosmo : English line engraver, fl. 1800- 

1836. 
Armstrong, Dav. Hartley : Amer. senator, 1812- 
Armstrong, Edm. Jno. : Irish poet, 1841-1865. 
Armstrong, Geo. : EngUsh physician, fl. 1767. 
Armstrong, Sir Geo. Carlyon Hughes: English 

journalist, 1836-1907. 
Armstrong, Geo. Dodd : Amer. author, 1813- 
Armstrong, Hy. B. : American soldier, 1791-1884. 
Armstrong, Jas. : American Congressman, -1795. 
Armstrong, Jas. : Irish Unitarian divine, 1780-1839. 
Armstrong, Jas. : Amer. naval officer, 1794-1868. 
Armstrong, Jas. F. : Amer. naval officer, 1817-1873. 
Armstrong, Jno., of Gilnockie : Scottish freebooter, 

-1528. -, 
Armstrong, Jno., F.B.S. : British military eninneer, 

1674-1742. 
Armstrong, Jno. : Eng. poet and essayist, 1709-1779. 
' Armstrong, Jno. : Amer. brig.-general, 1725-1795. 
Armstrong, Jno. : Scot, writer of verse, 1771-1797. 
Armstrong, Jno. : Eng. medical writer, 1784-1829. 
Armstrong, Jno. : American brigadier-general and 

miscellaneous writer, 1758-1843. 
Armstrong, Jno. : English Bishop of Grahamstown 

1813-1856. 
Armstrong, Bich. : Brit, lieut.-general, -1823*. 
Armstrong, Bich. : Amer. missionary, 1805-1860. 
Armstrong, Bob. : American brigadier-general and 

journalist, 1790-1854. 
Armstrong, Bob. Arch.: Scottish (Jaelic lexicographer 

1788-1867. '^ ' 

Armstrong, Sam. T. : (3ov. of Mass.. 1784-1850. 
Armstrong, Sir Thos. : English Bovahst and partisan 

of Monmouth, 1824*-1684. 
Armstrong, Thos. : Enjlish painter, 1832-1911. 
Armstrong, Wm., ' Kinmont Willie ' : Scottish 

Border Mosstrooper, fl. 1596. 
Armstrong, Wm., ■ (Jhristie's WUl ' : Scottish Border 

freebooter, 1602*-I658*. 
Armstrong, Wm. : Mayor of Newcastle-on-Trae, 
1778-1857. • ' 

Armstrong, Sir Wm. Geo., F.B.S., Baron Armstrong 
of Cragside : Eng. inv. of Ordnance, 1810-1900. 



Armstrong, Wm. Jessup : Amer. divine, 1796-1846. 
Armyne : See Armine. 

Armytage, Geo. : Eng.- Australian pioneer, 1795-1862. 
Amal, Etienne : French actor, 1794-1872. 
Amald, Geo. : Eng. landscape painter. 1763-1841. 
Amald, Bich. : Eng. dlv. and comment., 1700-1756. 
Amald, Wm. : Canon of Windsor, -1802. 
Amaldo da Brescbia : See Arnold. 
Amaldus (Geo. d'Amaud) : Dutch philol., 1711-1740. 
Arnaldns de Villa Nova : Spanish alchemist, astrolo- 
ger and physician, 1235*-1313. 
Arnall, Wm. : Eng. political writer, 1715*-1741*. 
Amao, Juan : Span, historical painter, 1595-1693. 
Amaud, Franc., Abbot of Grand Champs: French 

writer, 1721-1784. 
Arnand, Fran?. Thos. Marie Baculard d' : French 

writer, 1718-1805. 
Amaud, Geo. d' : See Amaldus. 
Amaud,Hen. • Vaudoispastnrandleader,1641-1721. 
Amaud de Mereuil, Dan. : French troubadour poet, 

-1189*. 
Arnand de Ronsil, <9eo. : French surgeon in London, 

1697-1774. 
Arnand de VUla Nova : See Amoldus. 
Arnauld, AngSliqne : Abbess of Fort Boyal, 

1591-1661. 
Arnauld, Ant., * The Advocate ' : lawyer of Paris and 

opponent of the Jesuits, 1560-1619. 
Amanld, Ant., ■ The Great Arnauld ' : of Port Boyal, 

French controveraialist and scholar, 1612-1694. 
Arnauld, Hen. : Bishop of Angers, 1597-1692. 
Arnauld d'Andilly, Ang6hque de St. Jean : abbess of 

Port Boyal, 1624-1684. 
Arnauld d'Andilly, Bob. : French apologist for Port 

Boyal, 1588-1674. 
Arnauld de Bomponne, Simon : French ambassador 

and statesman, 1616-1699. 
Amault, Ant. Vine. ; French author and dramatist, 

1766-1834. 
Arndt, C. (Sottlieb von : Germ, philologist. 1743-1829. 
Arndt, Ern. Moritz : German patriot, political 

writer and poet, 1769-1860. 
Arndt, Joh. : Germ. Lutheran divine. 1555-1621. 
Arndt, Joshua : German scholar and philosophical 
writer, * Dictionary of Ecclesiastical Antiquities,' 
1626-1685. 
Amdt, Wilh. Ferd. : German historian, 1838-1895. 
Amdts, Karl Ludw. : German jurist, 1803-1878. 
Arne, Cecilia : Eng. actress and singer, 1711-1789. 
Ame, Mich. : English musician, 1741*-1786. 
Arne, Thos. Augustine : Eng. mus. comp., 1710-1778. 
Arneth, Alf. von : Austrian historian, 1819-1897. 
Ame;, Sir Geo. All. : Chf. Just, of N.Z., 1806-188:j. 
Arnim, Eliz. von : Geroi. authoress, 1785-1859. 
Arnim, Harrv Karl Kurt Eduard, Count von : German 

diplomatist. 1824-1881. 
Arnim, Ludw. .Achim von ; German poet and 

romance writer, 1781-1831. 
Arnim-Boytzenborg, Hans Geo, von : German general 

and diplomatist, 1581-1641. 
ArnisEBUS, Heningus : physician and political writer 

at Helmstadt. 1580*-1636. 
Arniston, Lords : See Dundas. 
Arno, Arn or Aqnila : Archbp. of Salzburg, 7501-821. 
Arnobins : Clirfetian writer of Africa, fl. 296. 
Arnobius, Bishop in Gaul, fl. 460. 
Arnold, of Brescia ; monk, reformer and raartvr 

1105*-115d. 
Arnold, of Melchthal : Swiss patriot, fl. 1308. 
Arnold, Aaron : American merchant, 1794-1876. 
Arnold, Alb. Nich. : Amer. div. and theol., 1814-83. 
Arnold, Sir .\rth. : EnsUsh politician and miscellane- 
ous writer, 1833-1902. 
Arnold, Aug. : (Serm. philologist. 1789-p05« 1860. 
Arnold, Benedict : Gov. of Rhode Island, 1615-1678. 
Arnold, Benedict : .imer. gen. and tr.iitor, 1741-1801 
Arnold, C. : English cricketer, 1822-1873. 
Arnold, Christopher : Gennan- Venetian nrinter 

fl. 1472-1479. 
Arnold, Christoph : prof, at Altorf. 1627-1685 
Arnold, Cora. : Eng. poetical wr., 1711-1757.* 
Arnold, Sh Edwin : English poet, journalist and 
miscellaneouswriter. 'The Light of Asia '183^-1904 
Arnold, Fried. Theod. : Germ, philol., 1820«-1853 
Arnold, (Jeo. : American author, 1834-1865. 
Arnold, Geo. Ben. : English organist and musical 
composer, 1332-1902. 



25 



ARNOLD 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



ARTHUR 



Arnold, Gottfried : German mystic divine and 

ecclesiastical historian, 1666-1714. 
Arnold, Herm. : German painter, 1846-1896. 
Arnold, Isaac Newton : American lawyer, 1815-1 884. 
Arnold, Sir Jas, Robertson : British lieutenant- 
general, 1780-1854. 
Arnold, Joh. Gottfried : German 'cellist and musical 

composer, 1773-1806. 
Arnold, Jno, : Cornish watchmaker and inventor, 

1736»-1799. 
Arnold, Jno. Kog. : improver of chronometers, 

1843. 
Arnold, Jon. : American statesman, 1741-1798. 
Arnold, Jos. : English naturalist, 1782-1818. 
Arnold, Lemuel Hastings : American statesman, 

1792-1852. 
Arnold, Lewis G. : Amer. brigadier-general, 1815-71. 
Arnold, Matth. : Eng. poet and critic, 1822-1888. 
Arnold, Sir Nich. : Tudor worthy, 1507*-1580. 
Arnold, Peleg ; American jurist, 1752-1820. 
Arnold, Rich. : Eng. antiq. and chron., -1521*. 
Arnold, Rich. : Amer. major-general, 1828-1882. 
Arnold, Sam. : Eng. musical composer, 1740-1802. 
Arnold, Sam. Greene : Amer. historian, 1821-1880. 
Arnold, Sam. Jas., F.R.S. : Eng. dram., 1774-1852. 
Arnold, Strutthan von 'Winckeiried : Swiss patriot, 

-1386. 
Arnold, Thos. : Brit, naval captain, 1679-1737. 
Arnold, Thos. : Scottish alienist, 1742-1816. 
Arnold, Thos. : headmaster of Rugby, 1795-1842. 
Arnold, Thos. : English professor of English literature 

and Australian educationist. 1823-1900. 
Arnold, Thos. Dickens : Amer. lawyer, 1798-1870. 
Arnold, Thos. Jas. : Eng. barrister and litterateur, 

1804-1877. 
Arnold, Thos. Kerchever : Eng. edncat., 1800-1853. 
Arnold, Wilh. Chrlstoph Fried. : Germ, hist., 1826-83. 
Arnold, Wm. Delafleld : Anglo-Indian official and 

novelist, 1828-1859. 
Arnold, Wm. Munnings : Austral, pol., 1820-1875. 
Arnold, Wm. Thos. : Australian-English historian, 

journalist and miscellaneous writer, 1352-1904. 
Arnold-Forster, Hugh Oakeley, English statesman 

and miscellaneous writer, 1855-1909. 
Arnolde, Rich. : English publisher and chronicler, 

1450«-1521*. 
Arnold!, Bart. ; German Augustinian friar and 

philosopher, -1532. 

Arnold!, Joh.: Dutch diplom. and statesra., 1751-1827. 
Arnoldns de Villa Nova: Spanish physician, theo- 
logian, astrologer, alchemist, 1235*-1313. 
Arnolfo d! Lapo (or di CoUe) : Italian architect and 

sculptor, 1232-1300. 
Arnot, Fred. Stanley : English missionary in Central 

Africa, 1858*-1914. 
Arnot, Hugo : Scot, historical writer, 1749-1786. 
Arnot, Wm. : Scot, preacher and theol . wr., 1808-75. 
Arnott, Arch. : Scot, armv surgeon, 1771-1855. 
Arnott, Geo. Amott Walker : Scot, bot., 1799-1S68. 
Arnott, >cill, F.R.S. : Scottish physician and natural 

philosopher, 1788-1874. 
Arnonl (Amulf) : See Emulf. 
Arnoul : Bishop of Lisieux and writer, -1184. 
Arnoald, Sir Jos. : Anglo-Indian judge and author, 

1814-1886. 
Arnould, Madeleine Sophie : French actress and 

singer, 1744-1803. 
Arnonld-Plessy, Jeanne Svlvanie : French actress, 

1819-1897. 
Arnoult, Jean Bapt. : Fr. Jesuit author, 1689-1753. 
Arnsperger, Karl" Phil. Fried. : German forester, 

1791-1853. 
Arntz, .Sgidius Rudolph Xicolaus : German jurist 

and publicist, 1812-1884. 
Arntzon, Hendrik Jar : Dutch jurist and philologist, 

1734-1797. 
Arntzen, Jan. : Dutch jurist and philologist, 1702-69. 
Arntzen, Otto : Dutch philologist, 1703-1763. 
Arnn, >^ic. : Fr. theol. and philos., 1629*-1692. 
Arnnlf I, : Comit of Flanders, -965. 
ArnuU II. : Count of Flanders, -989. 
Arnnlf m. : Count of Flanders, -1071. 
Arnulf : Emperor of Germany, 850*-^99. 
ArnBlph(Emulph) :!Bishopof Rocliester, 1040«-1124. 
Arnway, Jno. : Eng. Royalist divine, 1601-1653. 
Aromatari, Gins, degli : Italian ph}-B!c!an and 

naturalist, :586*-1660. 



Aronhold,Sie.gfried Hein.: Germ, mathem., 1819-1884. 
Arosemena, Justo : Colombian jurist and statesman, 

1817-1896. 
Arouet de Voltaire, F. M. : See Voltaire. 
Arpad : founder of Hungarian monarchy, 869-907. 
Arpln, Paul : American journalist, 1811-1865. 
Arpino, Glus. Cesari d' : Ital. pntr., 1560-1640. 
Arran, Earls of : See Hamilton and Stewart. 
Arrascaeta, Enrique de : Uruguayan poet, journal- 
ist and diplomatist, 1819- 
Arrate, JosS FelLx de : Cuban author, 1697-1766. 
Arreboe, Anders: Dan. bishop and poet, 1587-1637 
Arredondo, Isidore : Spanish painter, 1654-1702. 
Arrhenius : Sec Ocmhielm. 

ArrhidEeus (Aridaeus) : Kingof Macedon, -B.C. 317 
Arriaga, Pablo JosS : Spanish author, 1562-1622. 
Arriaga, Rod. de : Span. Jesuit and philos., 1592-1667. 
Arriaga y Balzola, Juan Crisostomo Jacobo Antonio : 

Span, violinist and musical composer, 1806-1825. 
Arrianus, Flavins : Grk. Stoic and hist., 96*-180*. 
Arriaza y Superviela, Juan Bautista de : Spanish 

poet, 1770-1837. 
Arrigoni, Carlo : Italian musician, -1743*. 
Arrlllaga, Jos6 Joaquin : Spanish Governor of 

Alta, Calitomla, 1750-1814. 
Arrington, Alf. W. : Amer. law>-er and wt., 1810-67. 
Arrlvabene, Giov. Pietro : Italian scholar and poet, 

1441-1504. 
Arrol, Sir Wm. : Scottish engineer and contractor, 

1839-1913. 
Arrowsmlth, Aaron : Eng. aeographer, 1750-1823. 
Arrowsmith, Edm. : English Jesuit, 1585-1623. 
Arrowsmitb, Jno. : Eng. Puritan divine, 1602-1659. 
Arrowsmith, Jno. : English geographer, 1790-1873. 
Arrowsmith, J. W. : English publisher and educa- 
tionist, 1839-1913. 
Arsaces : founder of Arsacidae, -B.C. 248. 
Arsehot, Piiil. de Croy, Duke of : Governor-General 

of Flanders, 1526-1595. 
Arsdekin, Rich. : See Archdekin, Rich. 
Arsenius : Roman anchorite, 354*-450. 
Arsenius : Grk. Bishop of Monembasia, -1535. 
Arsenius Antorianus : patriarch of Constantinople, 

1.3th century. 
Arses: King of Persia, -B.C. 336. 
Artabanus : King of Persia, -B.C. 465. 
Artagaette : French soldier in America, -1736. 
Artale, Gius. : Sicilian soldier and poet, 1628-1679. 
Artaphernes : Persian general, fl. B.C. 490. 
Artaria, Franz : Austrian Industrialist, -1808. 
Artaria, Karl : Austrian industrialist, -1808. 
Artaud, Wm. : Eng. portrait painter, fl. 1776-1822. 
Artavasdes : Kingof Armenia, -B.C. 30. 
Artaxerxes : See also Ardshir, 
Arta&erxes I., Longimanus : King of Persia, -B.C. 

425. 
Artaxerxes DL, Mnemon : King of Persia, brother of 

Cyrus, -B.C. 359. 
Artaxerxes HI., Ochus : King of Persia. -B.C. 338. 
Arteaga, Jos6 Uaria : Mexican general, 1830*-1865. 
Aiteaga, Seb. de : Mexican painter, fl. 1643*. 
Arteaga, Stefano: Spanish Jesuit and writer in 

Italian, 1750-1799. 
Arteaga y AUaro, Matias : Spanish religious painter 

and engraver, 1630*-1704. 
Aitedi, Pet. : Swedish naturalist and friend of 

Linnsens, 1705-1735. 
Artemidoms, of Cnidus : rhetorician, fl. B.C. 43. 
Artemldoras Daldianns : wr. on dreams, ft. 1:J8-179, 
Artemidoros, of Ephesus : geographer, fl. B.C. 100. 
Artemidoms, Capito : physn. and gram., fl. 117-l:J3. 
Artemisia : Queen of Halicamassus, fl. B.C. 480. 
Artemisia : erector of mausoleum of HaUcarnassus, 

-B.C. 350. 
Artemon, of Cassandreia : grammarian, fl. B.C. 316. 
Artemon : heretic, fl. pot 200. 
Artevelde, Jac. van, ' Brewer of Ghent ' : Governor of 

Flanders, 129O-134.0. 
Artevelde, Phil, van : Flemish rebel, 1340*-1383. 
Arthur: British king. -.^42*. 
Arthur, Duke ol Bretagnc : nephew of King John, 

1187-1203. 
Aitbnr m : Duke of Bretagne and Count of Rich- 
mond or Richemont, 1393-1453. 
Arthur, Pee. of Wales : son of Henry VII., 1486-1502. 
Arthur, Arch. : Scottish librarian and professor of 

Moral Philosophy, 1744-1797. 



26 



ARTHUR 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



ASHMORE 



Arthur, Chester Alan : 2l8t Pres. of the U.S., 1830-86. 

Arthur, Sir Geo. : British general, 1784-1864. 

Arthur, Jas. : Irish divine, -1670*. 

Arthur, Jaa. : English Army surgeon, -1851. 

Arthur, Thos. : English divine and dram., -1532* 

Arthur, Thos. : Irish Oath, physician, 1593-1666'. 

Arthur, Tim. Shay : Amer. author and ed., 1809-85. 

Arthur, Wm. : Irish-American divine and anti- 
quarian, 1796-1875. 

Arthur, Wm. : Irish Nonconformist divine and re- 
ligious and miscellaneous writer, 1819-1901. 

Artigas, Fern. Jos. ; S. Amer. patriot, 1760'-1826. 

Artigas, Jos6 : South Amer. mU. com., 1755-1851. 

Artlgny, Ant. Gachet d' : wr. ot Vienna, 1706-177'*. 

Artln Pasha Dadian : Turkish statesm., 1826-1901. 

Artlett, Rich. Austin : Eng. engraver, 1807-1873. 

Artols, Armand <V : French poet, dramatist and 
critic, 1845-1912. 

Artols, Jacques Jean van : Flemish landscape 
painter, 1613-1684*. 

Artois, Hob., Comte d' : Regent of Naples, -1302. 

Artols, Hob. : Comte d", -1842. 

Artopoeus, Joh. Ohristoph. : Germ. phllol., 1626-1702. 

ArtopoBus, Pet. : Swiss Hebraist, fl. 1534-1558. 

ArtBt, Alex. Jos. Montagney : Belg. viol., 1815-1845. 

Artusi, Giov. Maria : Itahan musician and composer, 
-1613. 

Arundale, Fes. : English architect, 1807-1853. 

Arundel, Earls of ; See Alblni, Fitzalan and Howard. 

Arundel, Thos. : Archbp. of Canterbury, 1353-1414. 

Arundell, Blanche, Lady : English Royalist and de- 
fender of Wardour Castle, 1683-1649. 

Arundell, Fes. Vyvyan Jago : Eng. divine, antiquary 
and Oriental traveller, 1780-1846. 

Arundell, Hy.: 3rd Ld. Arundell of Wardour,1606«-94. 

Arundell, Humph. : Cornish rebel, 1513-1650. 

Arundell, Sir Jno., of Lanherne : British naval 
commander, -1379. 

Arundell, Jno. : Bishop of Chichester, -1477. 

Arundell, Jno. : Bishop of Exeter, -1504. 

Arundell, Sir Jno., of Trerice: English vice-admiral, 
1495-1661. 

Arundell, Sir Jno., of Trerice : English Royalist, 
1576-1666*. 

Arundell, Mary : English translator, -1691. 

Arundell, Rich. : 1st Baron A. of Trerice, -16 17. 

Arundell, Sir Thos. : Cornish consp., -1552. 

Arundell, Thos. : 1st Lord Arundell of Wardour, 
1560-1639. 

Arvelo, Rafael : Venezuelan statesman, 1814-1870. 

Arvieux, Laur. d' : French Orientalist, 1635-1702. 

Arya Bhalta : mathematician, fl. 360. 

Arzao, Ant. Rodriguez : Brazihan traveller, fl. 1714. 

Asa: King of Judah, fl. 958-914. 

Asa : See Asaph. 

Asaaf : See Asaph. 

Asaf-ud-Dowlah : Nawab Wazirof Oudh, fl. 1775-97. 

Asan II. : King of Bulgaria, -1241. 

Asantschewsky, Michel von : Russian Bibliophile 
and musical composer, 1838-1881. 

Asaph : Welsh saint, -596*. 

Asbjernsen, Pet. Christ. : Norwegian folklorist 
1812-1885. 

Asboth, Alex. Sandor : Hungarian major-general in 
America, 1811-1868. 

Asbury, Fes. : Bug. Methodist bishop, 1745-1816. 

Ascensius : See Badius. 

Asoh, Baron von : Bavarian statesman and militarv 
writer, 1838-1906. 

Asch, Pieter Janszoon van : Dutch landscape 
painter, 1603- 

Ascham, Ant. ; English astrologer, fl. 1653. 

Ascham, Ant. : EngUsh Parhamentarian Ambas- 
sador at Madrid, -1650. 

Ascham, Roger : English writer, scholar and tutor 
of Queen Elizabeth, 1515-1568. 

Aschbach, Jos. von : Germ, historian, 1801-1882 

Aschenbrenner, Christ. Hein. : German violinist 
1634-1732. 

Ascher, Jos. : Dutch pianist, 1829-1869. 

Ascleplades Bithynius : Grk. physn., e.c. 124- 

Ascleplades, of Samos : epigrammatist and Ivric 
poet, fl. B.C. 270. 

Ascleplodorus : Athenian painter, fl. b.c. 380. 

Asclepiodotus : Grk. military writer, B.C. Ist cent 

Ascoli, Cecco di, ' Francis de Stabili ' : Italian poet 
and mathe.matician, 1258*-1328. 



27 



Ascoli, Graziadio Israel : Austrian-Italian Celtic 

scholar and philolo.-tist, 1829-1907. 
Asconius Pedianus, Quintus : Roman gramiuarian 

and historian, B.C. 9-a.d. 76 or a.d. 3-88. 
Asellio, Caspari ; Ital. anat. and physn., 1681-1626. 
Asfahl, Markus : Gemi. nntr., 15th and 16tli cents. 
Asteld, Claude Franc. Bid?l d' ; Marshal of France, 

1666-1743. 
Asfeld, Jacques Vine. Bidal d' : French Jansenist 

tlieologian and writer, 1664-1745. 
AsgUl, Kir Chas. : British general, 1762(8)-1823. 
Asglll, Jno. : English politician and wr., 1659-1738. 
Ash, Jno, : English Anabaptist divine, 1724*-1779. 
Ash, Jno. ; Eng. analyst of mineral waters. 1723-98, 
Asha, Maimun ibn Qais : Arab, poet, 6th cent. 
Ashari, Abu 1 Hasan Ali ibn Ismail ul : .\rahian 

theologian, 873-935. 
Ashbee, Hy. Spencer : English bibliog,, 1834-1900. 
Ashburn, Geo. W. : American soldier, -1868. 
Ashburne, Thos. de ; See Thomas. 
Ashburnham, Jno. : English Royalist, 1603*-1671. 
Ashburnham, Thos. : British general, -1872. 
Ashburnham, Wm. ; English Royalist and Governor 

of Weymouth, -1679. 
Ashburton, Baron : See Baring and Dunning. 
Ashbury, Jos. : English comedian, 1638-1720. 
Ashby, Geo. : English poetical writer, -1475. 
Ashby, Geo. : English antiquary and President of 

St. John's College, Cambridge, 1724-1808. 
Ashby, Harry : Eng. writing engraver, 1744-1818, 
Ashby, Hy. : Bug. physn. and med. wr., 1846-1908. 
Ashby, Sir Jno. : British admiral, -1698. 
Ashby (Thimelbv), Pjch. : English Jesuit and 

theological writer, 1614-1680. 
Ashby, Turner ; Amer. brig.-general, 1824-1862. 
Ashdowne, Wm.: Eng. Unitarian preacher,172:]'.-1810. 
Ashdowne, Wm. : English Unitarian preacher, 

1723-1810. 
Ashe, And. : Irish flute-player, 1759*-1838. 
Ashe, Jno. : Eng. Dissenting minister, 1671-1735. 
Ashe, Jno, : Amer. brig.-general, 1720-1781. 
Ashe, Jno. Baptista : Ajnerican soldier and Governor- 
Elect of North Carolina, 1748-1802. 
Ashe, Jon, : Irish Masonic writer, fl. 1813. 
Ashe, Rob. Hoadley : English divine, 1751-1826. 
Ashe, St. George : Irish Bishop of Derry, 1668*-1718. 
Ashe, Sam. : American jurist and Governor of 

North Carolina, 1725-1813. 
Ashe, Simeon : Nonconformist minister in Stafford- 
shire, -1663. 
Ashe (Ash), Thos. : Eng. legal wr., fl. 1574-1618. 
Ashe, Thos. : Amer. author and traveller, fl. 1682. 
Ashe, Thos. : English author oE travels and nnvelL^t, 

1770-1836, 
Ashe, Thos, : English poet, 1836-1889, 
Asher ben Yechiel : German rabbi and codifler, 1250*- 

1327, 
Asher, Alex. : Scottish lawyer, 1835-1905. 
Asher, Louis : German historical, portrait and 

genre painter, 1804-1878. 
Ashfleld, Edm. : Eng. portrait putr., fl. 1680-1700. 
Ashford.Wm, : Eng. landscape painter, 1746*-1824. 
Ashhurst : See Ashurst. 
Ashkenazi, Le\-i : Dutch rabbi, 1656-1718. 
Ashkinasy, Tobias : Austrian lawyer, 1861-1914. 
Ashley, Lord : See Cooper. 
Ashley, Sir Anth. : Clerk of the Priw Council 

1661-1628. 
Ashley, Chas. : English violinist, 1770*-1818. 
Ashley, Chas. Jane : English 'cellist, 1773-1843. 
Ashley, Chester : American senator, 1790-1848 
Ashley, Evelyn : English politician and biographer. 

' Palmerston,' 1836-1907. 
Ashley, Jas. Monroe : Amer. congressman, 1824- 
Ashley Jno. : EngUsh musician, 1734*-1806. 
Ashley, Jno., of Bath : English musician and 

vocalist, -1880. 
Ashley, Jno. Jas. : English singmg master and 

organist at Covent Garden Theatre, 1772-1815. 
Ashley, Rob. : English poet and miscellaneous writer, 

1565—1641. 
Ashley, Wm. H. : Amer. congressman, 1778*-183S 
Ashmead, Isaac : American printer, 1790-1870 
Ashmead-Bartlett, Sir Ellis : See Bartlett. 
Ashmole, Elias : English antiouary and founder of 

museum. 1617-1692. 
Ashmore, Jno. : English translator, fl. 1621. 



ASHMUN 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



ATHALIAH 



Ashmun, Eli Porter : American senator, 1770-1819. 
Ashmun, Geo. : American statesman, 1804-1870. 
Ashman, Jehudi : coloniser of Liberia, 1794-1828. 
Ashmun, Jno. Hooker : Amer. jurist, 1800-1833. 
Ashpitel, Arth. : English architect, 1807-1869. 
Ashpitel, Wm. Hurst : Eng. architect, 1776-1852. 
Ashton, Chas. ; Master of Jesus College and critic, 

1665-1752. 
AshtoD, Edw. : Eng. Uoyalist conspirator, -1658. 
Ashton, Hy. : English architect, 1801-1872. 
Ashton, Hugh : English divine, -1522. 
Ashton, Sir jno. de : Eng. mil. com., 11. 1370. 
Ashton, Sir Jno. de : Seneschal of Bayeux, -1428. 
Ashton, Jno. : Eng. Jacobite conspirator, -1891. 
Ashton, Pet. : English translator, -1548. 
Ashton, Sir Balph de ; officer of State under 

Edward IV., fl. 1460-1483. 
Ashton, Sir Rob. de : civil, military and naval 

officer under Edward III., fl. 1386. 
Ashton, Thos. de : English warrior, fl. 1346. 
Ashton (Assheton), Sir Thos. de : English alchemist, 

1403- 
Ashton, Thos. : English schoolmaster, -1678. 
Ashton, Thos. : Eng. divine and preacher, 1718-1775. 
Asfaurst, Hy. ; London merchant and benefactor, 

1614*-1680. 
Ashurst, Jas. ; English divine, -1679. 
Ashurst (Ashhurst), Wm. Hy. : English judge, 

1725-1807. 
Ashurst, Wm. Hy. : Englisih solicitor, 1792-1855. 
Ashwardby, Jno. : Vice-chancellor of Oxford Uni- 
versity and follower of Wiclif, fl. 1392. 
Ashwell, Arth. EawsoQ : English Canon and Principal 

of Theological College, Chichester, 1824-1879. 
Ashwell, Geo. : Anglo-Cath. controvers., 1612-1693. 
Ashwell, Jno. : Prior of Newnham Abbey, Beds., 

-1541*. 
Ashwell, Thos. : Eng. musical comp., 16th century. 
Ashwood, Bart. : English Puritan divine, 1622-1680. 
Ashwood, Jno. ; Eng. Nonconf . minister, 1 657-1706. 
Ashworth, Caleb : Eng. Dissenting tutor, 1722-1775. 
Ashworth, Sir Chas. : British general, -1832. 
Ashworth, Hy. : British naval lieutenant, 1785-1811. 
Ashworth, Hy. ; English politician and adherent 

of Cobden, 1794-1880. 
Ashworth, Jno. : English preacher, manufacturer 

and author, 1813-1876. 
Asioli, Bonifacio : Ital. musical composer, 1769-1832. 
Asius : epic and elegiac poet, fl. B.C. 700. 
Aske, Rob. : English rebel and leader of ' Pilgrhnage 

of Grace," -1537. 
Askew, Anne : English Prot. martyr, 1521*-1546. 
Askew, Ant. : English book collector, 1722-1774. 
Askew, Egeon : English divine, 1578- 
Askham, Jno. : English poet, 1825-1894. 
Asknazi, Isaac Lvovich : Russian pntr., 1858-1904. 
Asmai, Abu Said Abd ul-Malik ibn Quraib ; Arabian 

scholar, 739'-831. 
Asman Jah, Sir : Ind. statesman, 1839-1898. 
Asoka : Buddhist Emperor of India, fl. D.o. 264-228. 
Aspar : Roman general, -471. 
Aspasia : mistress of Pericles, fl. B.C. 432. 
Aspasius, of Ravenna : rhetorician, fl. 225*. 
Aspasius : Grk. peripatetic philosopher, fl. 80*. 
Asper, .^milius : Latin grammarian, 2nd cent. 
Asper, Hans : Swiss painter, 1499-1571. 
Asper, Joel F. : American journalist, 1822-1872. 
Aspertini, Amico : Ital. pntr. and senlp., 1474-1552. 
Aspertini, Guido, of Bologna: hlst.putr., 1460*-1500*. 
Aspinall, Butler Cole : Austral, pol., 1830-1875. 
Asplnall, Jas. : English miscellaneous writer and 

preacher, -1861. 
Aspinall, Wm. H. : American merchant and art 

collector, 1807-1876. 
Aspinwall, Edw. : Eng. polemical divine, -1732. 
Asplnwall, Lloyd: Amer. brig.-gen., 1S30-1888. 
Aspinwall, Thos.' Amer .soldier and con6ul,1788-1876. 
Aspinwall, Wm. : Eng. Ejected divine, fl. 1648-1882. 
Aspinwall, Wm. : American physician, 1743-1823. 
Asplroz, Manuel de ; Mexican statesman and diplo- 
matist, 1836-1906. 
Aspland, Rob. : Entr. Unitarian divine, 1782-1846. 
Aspland, Roh. Brook : Eng. Unit, div., 1805-1889. 
Aspley, Wm. : English stationer and printer, fl. 

1588-1837. 
Asplin, Wm. : Eng. theologian, 1687-175S. 
Aspull, Geo. : English musician, 18]3-1SI'2. 



Assa : See Asaph. 

Assatotti, Ottavio Giov. Batt. : Italian teacher of 

deaf and dumb, 1753-1829. 
Assehe, Hen. van : Belg. lands, pntr., 1774-18-11. 
Asselin, Giles Thos. : French poet, 1682-1787. 
Asselyn, Hans : Dutch lands, pntr., 1610-1660, 
Assemani, Gius. Luigi: Orient, at Rome, 1710-1782. 
Assemani, Gius. Simone : Syrian Orientalist in Tt.ily, 

1687-1768. 
Assemani, Simone : Orient, at Padua, 1762-1821 . 
Assemani, Stefano Bvodlo : Italian Orieniilist and 

missionary, 1707-1782. 
Asser(ius) Menevensis : English bishop and bio- 
grapher of King Alfred, -909*. 
Asser, Tobias Mich. Carel : Dutch jurist, 1838-1913. 
Assereto, Giovacciiino, of Genoa ; painter, 1600-19. 
Assheton : See Ashton. 
Assheton, Nich. : English diarist, 1590-1826. 
Assheton, Wm. : English divine, 1641-1711. 
Assheton-Smith, Sir Chas. Garden (n^ Duff) : 

English sportsman, 1851-1914. 
Assisi, Francisco d' : See Francisco. 
Assmayer, Ignaz : Austrian organist and musical 

composer, 1790-1862. 
Assoucy, Chas. Coypeau, Sieur d' ; French burlesque 

poet, ' Ape of Scarron,' 1604*-1679*. 
Ast, Geo. Ant. Fried. : German philologist and 

philosopher, 1778-1841. 
Asta, And. dell", of Naples ; painter, 1683-1721. 
Astbury, Jno. : English potter, 1688*-1743. 
Astell, Mary : Eng. polemical writer, 1688-1731. 
Astell, Wm. : English politician and Director of 

East India Company, 1774-1847. 
Asterlus, of Cappadocia : Greek sophist, rhetorician 

and convert to Christianity, fi. 300. 
Asterlus : Bishop of Amasia, fl. 400. 
Astle, Thos., F.R.8. : English archseologist and 

palteographer, 1736-1803. 
Astley, Hjr. J. Delaval : Brit, aeronaut, 1837-1912. 
Astley, Sir Jacob, Lord ..istley : English Royalist, 

1579-1652. 
Astley, Jno. : Master of the Jewel House, -1595. 
Astley, Jno. : Eng. portrait painter, 1730*-1787. 
Astley, Sir Jno. Dugdale : English sportsman and 

soldier, 1823-1894. 
Astley, Phil. : Eng. fdr. of amphitheatre, 1742-1814. 
Astolphus : King of the Lombards, -756. 
Aston, Ant. : Brig. dram, and actor, fl. 1712-1731. 
Aston, Sir Arthur : English soldier of fortune. 

Royalist general and Gov. of Drogheda, -1649. 
Aston (Ashton, Aystown and Austen), Hugh ; 

English musical composer, fl. 1500-1520. 
Aston (Ashton), Jno. : English follower of Wiclif, 

fl. 1382. 
Aston, Jos. : Eng. journ. and dram., 1762-1344. 
Aston, Su: Rich. : English judge, -1778. 
Aston, Sir Thos. : EngUsh Bovalist and High Sheriff 

of Cheshire, 1800-1645. 
Aston, Walter, Baron Aston : Scottish Ambassador, 

1584-1639. 
Aston, Wm. : English Jesuit and writer, 1735-1800. 
Aston, Wm. Geo. : Irish Japanese scholar and diplo- 
matist, 1841-1911. 
Astor, Jno. Jac. : Germ.-Amer. merch., 1763-1848. 
Astor, Jno. Jac. : American capitalist and philan- 
thropist, 182^-1890. 
Astor, Jno. Jac. : American millionaire, 1834-1912. 
Astor, Wm. Backhouse : Amer. capitalist, 1792-1875. 
Astorga, Emanuele, Bar. d' : Italian diplomatist, 

musical composer and singer, 1681-1736. 
Astruc, Jean : French medical writer, physician and 

Biblical critic, 1684-1766. 
Astry, Rich. : English antiquary, 1632*-1714. 
Astulphus (Aistulph) : Kg. of the Lombards, -756. 
Asty, Jno. : Eng. Dissenting divine, 1672*-1730. 
Astyages : last King of Media, -^ost B.C. 669. 
Astydamas : Greek tragic poet, fl. B.C. 398. 
Asugk, Adam : Pol.-Austr. poet and dram., 1838-97. 
Asulanus (d'Asolo), And. : Ital. philol., fl. 1613-23. 
Atahualpa (Atabalipa) : last Inca of Peru, -1533. 
Atanlphus : See also Adolphus. 
Atanlphus : King of Visigoths, -415. 
Atchison, Dav. S. : Amer. senator, 1807- 
Ateins, Preetextatus : Rom. gram., fl. B.C. 40. 
Atempanecatl : Aztec general, fl. 1620. 
Athalaric : Gothic King of Italy, fl. 516-534, 
Athaliah ; usurping (Jueen of Judah, -B.C. 878. 



28 



ATHA 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



AUBIGN^ 



Atha Melik : Pcrs. stsfceBin. and hist., 1226*-1283. 
Athanagildus : Gothic King of Spain, -547, 
Athanaric : King of the Goths, -381. 
Athanasio, Pedro : Span. hist, pntr., 1638-1688. 
Athanasius, St. : Bishop ol Alexandria, 293-373. 
Athaaasius (Astric), St. : Apostle of the Hungarians, 

954-1044. 
Athanasius, Petnis : Cyprian rhetorician, -1663*. 
Athelard, of Bath ; See Adelard. 
Athelm : Archbishop of Canterbury, -923. 
Athelstan (.ffithelstan) ; King oE West Saxons and 

Mercians, 895-940. 
Athenseus : grammarian, fl. A.n. 200. 
Athenffius, of IsTaucratis : Greek grammarian and 

rhetorician, fl. 200. 
Athenseus : physician, fl. 50*. 
Athenagoras, of Athens : Christian philosopher and 

apologist, fl. 180*. 
Athenodorus : Greek sculptor, joiat sculptor of 

Laocoon, 1st centiiry. 
Athenodorus Cananttes : Stoic phllos., b.o. 74*-a.d. 7. 
Atherstone, Edwin ; English prose and verse writer, 

1788-1872. 
Atherstone, Wm. Guybon: S. Afr. geol., 1813-1898. 
Atherton, Chas. Gordon : Amer. senator, 1804-1353. 
Atherton, Chas. Humph. : Amer. lawyer, 1773-1853. 
Atherton, Humph. : Amer. maj.-gen., -1661. 
Atherton, Jno. : Bp. of Waterford ; executed, 1598- 

1640. 
Atherton, Josh. : American lawyer,, 1737-1809. 
Atherton, Wm. : Eng. Wesleyan minister, 1775-1850. 
Atherton, Sir Wm. : Scot. lawyer, 1806-1864. 
Athias, Emanuel-ben-Joseph : Spanish-Dutch rabbi 

and learned printer of Amsterdam, -1700. 
Athlone, Earl of : See Ginkel. 
Athlumney, Lord : See Somervllle. 
Athole (Atholl), Dukes of : See Murray. 
Athole (Atholl), Earls of : See Stewart. 
Athone, Jno. : See Acton, Jno. 
Atkine (Atkins, Etkins), Jas. : Scottish Bishop of 

Moray, 1613*-1687. 
Atkins ; See also Atkyns. 
Atkins, Hy. : English physician, 1658-1635. 
Atkins, Hy. : Amer. navigator, fl. 1729-1758. 
Atkins, Jno. : English naval surgeon. 1685-1757. 
Atkins, Eich. : English martyr, 1559*-1681. 
Atkins, Bob. Travers : Anstralian pol., 1841-1872, 
Atkins, Sam. : English marine painter, fl. 1787-1808. 
Atkins, Wm. : English Jesuit, 1601-1681. 
Atkinson, Car. T>ouisa W. : See Calvert. 
Atkinson, Edw. : American economist, 1827-1905. 
Atkinson, Edw. : Master of Clare College, Cambridge, 

1819-1915. 
Atkinson, Fred. Jas. : Anglo-Indian official and 

economist, 1853-1914. 
Atkinson, Sir Harry Alb. . English Premier of New 

Zealand, 1831-1892. 
Atkinson, Hy. : Eng. mathematician, 1781-1829. 
Atkinson, Hy. : American soldier, 1782-1842. 
Atkinson, Jas. ; Bug. surg. and bibliog., 1759-1839. 
Atkinson, Jas. : English surgeon and Persian scholar 

1780-1852. 
Atkinson, Jno. Aug. : English painter, 1775- 
Atkinson, Jno. (3hrlstopher : Eng. antiq., 1814-1900. 
Atkinson, Jos. : Irish dramatist, 1743-1818. 
Atkinson, Miles : English divine, 1741-1811. 
Atkinson, Paul ; Eng. Franciscan friar, 1656-1729. 
Atkinson, Pet. t English architect, 1725-1805. 
Atkinson, Pet. : English architect, 1776-1822. 
Atkinson, Rob. : English pMlologlst, linguist, bot- 
anist and violinist, 1839-1908. 
Atkinson, Steph, ; Eng. metallurgist, fl. 1619. 
Atkinson, Thos. : Eng. div. and dram.. 1600-1630. 
Atkinson, Thos. : Scottish poet and miscellaneous 

writer, 1801*-1833. 
Atkinson, Thos. : American Episcopal Bishop of 

North Carolina, 1807-1881. 
Atkinson, Thos. : English cattle-breeder, 1848-1914. 
Atkinson, Thos. Witlam : English architect and 

traveller, 1799-1861. 
Atkinson, Wm. : English translator, -1509. 
Atkinson, Wm. : English architect, 1773*-1839! 
Atkinson, Wm. : English poetical writer, 1767-1846. 
Atkyns, Sir Edw. : EngUsh Baron of the Exchequer, 

1687-1669. 
Atkyns, Sir Erlvv. : Eng. Bar. of the Exoheq.. 1630-98. 
Atkyns, Jno. Tracy : English b.irri^tcr, -1773. 



29 



Atkyns, Rich. : Eng. typographer, 1615-1677. 
Atkyns, Sir Rob. : English Cihief Baron of Exchequer 

and Speaker, 1621-1709. 
Atkyns, Sir Rob. : English topographer, 1647-1711. 
Atlay, .Jas. : Bishop of Hereford, 1817-1894. 
Atlay, .Tas. Beresford : Eng. legal wr., 1860-1912. 
Atlee, Jno, Light : American physician, 1799-1885. 
Atlee, Wash. Lemuel : American surgeon, 1808-78. 
Atmore, Chas. : Eng. Wesleyan divine, 1759-1826. 
Atondo y Antilldn, Tsidoro : Span, navigator, fl. 1678. 
Atratus (Black), Hugh : Bug. card, and wr., fl. 1281*. 
Atropates : Kg. of Media Atropatene, fl. B.C. 331-323. 
Atslowe, Edw. : English physician, -1594. 
Atta, Titus Quinctlus : Roman comic poet, -B.C. 77. 
Atta-CuUa-Calla : Amer. Indian chief, fl. 1738-1755. 
Attalgnant, Gab. Chas. de 1' ; French abbe and poet, 

1697-1779. 
Attalgnant or Attaingnant, Pierre : French music 

printer, -1528. 
Attalus I. : King of Pergamus, B.C. 268*-197. 
Attalus II., ' Phlladelphus ' : King of Pergamus, 

B.C. 220-138. 
Attalus III., * Philometor ' ■ King of Pergamus, 

-B.C. 133. 
Attalus : Roman Emperor of the West, fl. 409-416. 
Attar, Ferid Uddin : Pers. poet and hist., 1119-1222. 
Attawell, Hugh : See Atwell. 

Attems, Ferd. Maria, Ot. : Austr.statesm., 1746-1820. 
Attems, Ignaz Maria, Ct. : Austr. statesra., 1774-1861. 
Atterbom, Per Dan. Amadeiis : Swed.poet,1790-186o. 
Atterbury, Fes. : English man of letters, politician 

and Bishop of Rochester, 1662-1732. 
Atterbury, Lewis : English divine, -1693. 
Atterbury, Lewis : Eng. div. and author, 1656-1731. 
Atterbury, Luilman : English carpenter and 

musician, -1796. 
AttersoU, Wm. : English Puritan divine and author, 

-1640. 
Attey, Jno. : English song writer, -1640*. 
Atthill, Lombe : Irish surg. and med. wr., 1827-1910. 
Attlcns Herodes, Tiberius Claudius : Greek rhetor- 
ician, 101*-177. 
Atticus, Titus Pomponius : Roman knight and patron 

of letters, B.C. 109-32. 
Attila : King of the Huns, -453. 
Attiret, Jean Denis, ' Frdre Attiret ' : French painter, 

1702-1768. 
Attucks, Crispus : American Indian, -1770. 
Attwood, Thos. : Eng. mus. comp., 1765-1838. 
Attwood, Thos. : Eng. political Reformer, 1 78S-185B. 
Atwater, Caleb ; American lawyer and author, 1778- 

1867. 
Atwater, Lyman HotchWss : Amer. schol., 1813-1883. 
Atwater, Wm. ; Bishop of Lincoln, 1440-1521. 
Atwel! (Attawel, Attewell), Hugh : English actor, 

-1621. 
Atwood, Geo., F.R.S. ; Eng. mathem., 1746-1807. 
Atwood, Pet. : Eng. Domin. friar, 1643-1712. 
Atwood, Thos. ; Chief Judge of Island of Dominica 

-1793. 
Atwood, Wm. : English Chief Justice of New York 

and political writer, -1705*. 

Auber, Dan. Franc. Esprit : French musical composer 

1782-1871. 
Auber, Pierre Alex. : Fr. nat. in Cuba, 1784-1843. 
Auber, Virginia Felicia : Cuban authoress, 1825- 
Aubert, Alex., F.R.S. : English astron., 1730-1805 
Aubert, Herm. : German naturalist. 1826-1892. 
Aubert, Jacques : Fr. viol, and mus. comp.. -1753 
Aubert, Jean : French painter, -1906. 
Aubert, Marie Jacques Chas. : Fr. adm., 1847-1915 
Aubert, Pierre Franp. Olivier : Fr. 'cellist, 1763- 
Aubert de Fuycibot : troubadour, -1263*. 
Aubertin, Edm. : Fr. Protestant divine, 1595-165' 
Aubery, Ant. : French historian, 1616-1695 
Aubery, Louis, ' Sieur de Maurier ■ : French historian 

1600-1687. 
Aubespine, Gab. d' : French ambassador in England 
and writer, 1579-1630. ""Bi^uu 

Aubespine, Madeleine d' : French wit, beauty and 
• poet, 1546-1606. 
Aubignac, Franp. HMelin, AbbiS d' : French writer 
1604^1676. ' 

AubignS : See also Maintenon and Merlo. 
AnbignS, Constant d" : Fr. adventurer, 1584*-1647 
AublgnS, Theod. Agrippa d' : French historian and 
poet, 1552-1630. 



AUBLET 



DICTIONARY OP UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



AURIFABER 



Aublet, J. Bapt. Christophe FusSe : French botanist, 
1720-1778. 

Aubrey, Jno.,F.Il.S. : Bng. topographer and antiquary, 
1626-1697. 

Aubrey, Lady Letitia : da. of Wm. Penn. fl. 1730. 

Aubrey, Wm. : English civilian, 1529-1595. 

Aubriet, Claude : French painter, 1661-1743. 

Aubrion, Jean : French clironicler, -1501. 

Aubriot, Hugues : French Intendant of Finance, 
PrSvot des Marchands de Paris, -1382. 

Aubry, Pet. : German engraver, 1596*-1666*. 

Aubry de Gouges, Marie Olympie : French Republi- 
can and dramatist, 1755-1792. 

Aubuisson de Voislns, Jean F. : French civil engin- 
eer, 1769-1841. 

Aubusson, Pierre d' : French cardinal, warrior and 
statesman, and Grand Master of the Order of St, 
John of Jerusalem, 1423-1503. 

Aucher, Jno. : Eng. Eoyalist dlv., 1619-1700. 

Aucbinoul, Lord ; See Bellenden. 

Auchmuty, Bob. : American lawyer, -1760. 

Auchmuty, Bob. : American advocate, -1788. 

Auchmuty, Sam.: Amer. Loyalist div., 1722-1777. 

Auchmuty, Sir Sam. : Amer. -Brit, general, 1756-1822. 

Auckland, Earls of : See Eden. 

Audseus : polemical theologian, -372*. 

Aude, Jean, Knight of Malta : dram., 1756-1841. 

Audebert, Germain : French poet, 1518-1598. 

Audebert, Jean Baptiste : French naturalist and en- 
graver, 1759-1800. 

.Audelroy le Bataid : Fr. trouvtae, 12th century. 

Audelay : See Awdelay. 

Audenaerde (Oudenaerd), Rob. van : Dutch painter 
and engraver, 1663-1743. 

Audentrled, Jos. Grain : American sold., 1839-1880. 

Audiffrfi, Marquis d' : Fr. general, 1801-1895. 

AudiSredi, Giov. Batt.: Ital. astron., 1714-1794. 

Audlflret-Pasqwier, Edm6 Armand Gaston, Due d' ; 
French statesman, 1823-1905. 

Audifret, J. Bapt. d' : Fr. geog., 1657-1733. 

Audlguier, Vital d' : French adventurer and roman- 
CLSt, 1669*-1624. 

Audlnet, Phil. : English line engraver, 1766-1837. 

Audley, Lords : See also Tuchet. 

Andley, Edm. : Bp. of Rochester, -1524. 

Audley (Aldithel, Alditheley), Hy. de : English 
Royalist baron, -1246. 

Audley, Hugh : English moneylender, -1662. 

Audley (Aldithel, Alditheley). Jas. de : English 
Royalist baron, -1272. 

Audley (Aldithley), Jas., Lord : Justiciary of Ireland, 
-1271(2). 

Audley (Audeley), Jas. de ; English warrior and one 
of the original Knights of the Garter, 1316*-1386. 

Audley (Aldithley), Mch., 3rd Lord : Chief Justice of 
Wales, -1391. 

Audley, Thos., of jWalden : Lord Chancellor of Eng- 
land, 1483-1544. 

Audoin, King of the Lombards, -566*. 

Audorf, Jac. : Germ, politician and poet, 1835-1898. 

Audouin, Jean Victor : Fr. entomologist, 1797-1841. 

Andouin, Pierre : French engraver, 176S-1822. 

Audran, Benoit : French engraver, 1661-1721. 

Audran, Chas. ; French engraver, 1594-1670. 

Audran, Claude : French engraver, 1592-1677. 

Audran, Claude : French painter, 1689-1684. 

Audran, Claude : Fr. ornamental designer, 1685-1734. 

Audran, Edm. : French musical composer, ' La 
Cigale,' 1S42-1901. 

Audran, G6rard : Fr. pntr. and engrav., 1640-1703. 

Audran, Germain : French engraver, 1631-1710, 

Audran, Jean : Fr. painter and engrav., 1667-1756. 

Audran, Louis: French engraver, 1670-1712. 

Audrehem, Arnoul d' : Fr. soldier, 1306*-1370. 

Audubon, John Jas. : Amer. naturalist, 1780-1861. 

Auenbiuggei von Auenbrug, Leop. : physician at 
Vienna, inventor of percussion, 1722-1809. 

Auer, Ignaz : Germ. SociaUst pol., 1846-1907. 

Auer, Joh. Gottlieb : mission bishop of Cape Palmas, 
1832-1874. 

Auer, Max Jos. : Germ. pntr. on porcelain, 1805-1878. 

Auerbach, Berthold : Germ. nov. and poet, 1812-1882. 

Auerbacb, Herm : Germ, stenographer, 1864-1899. 

Auerbach, Jac. : Germ, theologian, 1810-1887. 

Auerbach, Leopold : German physiol.. 1828-1897. 

Anersperg, Anton Ale."i., Count von : Austrian poet 
1806-1876. 



30 



Aueisperg, Gottfried Leopold Count : German general, 

1818-1893. 
Autidius, Cn. . Rom. historian and jurist, fl. B.C. 

119-108. 
Aufrere, Ant. : Bng. miscellaneous writer and trans- 
lator, 1756-1833. 
Augenio, Orazio, de Monte Santo : Ital. physician, 

philosopher and medical writer, 1527-1603. 
Auger, Athanase, Abb4 : French political and classical 

writer, 1734-1792. 
Auger, Edm. : French Jesuit, 1530-1591. 
Auger,Louis Simon: Fr. critic and journ., 1772-1829. 
Augereau, Pierre Fran^. Chas. : Marshal of France, 

1757-1816. 
Augier, GuU. Vict. Em. : Fr. dram., 1820-1889. 
Auguez, Numa : French vocalist, 1847-1903. 
Augur, Christopher CJolon : American major-general, 

1821- 
Augur, HezeMah : American sculptor, 1791-1858. 
Augurello, John Anrehus : Ital. poet, 1441*-1524. 
August, Brn. Ferd. : Germ, mathem., 1795-1870. 
Augusta, Duchess of Brunswick: mother of (IJueen 

Caroline, 1737-1813. 
Augusta, of Hesse-Cassel : Duchess of Cambridge, 

1797-1889. 
Augusta, of Saxe-Gotha : mother of George III., 

-1772. 
Augusta Sophia, Princess : daughter of George III., 

1768-1840. 
Augustenburg, Christ., Duke of : renounced Denmark, 

1798-1869. 
August!, Joh. Christ. Wilh, . German theologian, 

1772-1841. 
Augustin, Jean Baptiste Jacques : French miniature 

painter, 1769-1832. 
Augustine, St. : Bishop of Hippo and Church father, 

354-430. 
Augustine, St, : missionary and Archbishop of Canter- 
bury, -613*. 
Augustinus, Ant, : Archbishop of Tarragona and 

jurist, 1616-1686. 
Augustulus, Romulus : last Emp. of the West, fl. 475. 
Augustus: Emperor of Rome, B.C. 63-A.D. 14. 
Augustus I. : Elector of Saxony, 1626-1686. 
Augustus Frederick I. : King of Poland and Elector 

of Saxony, 1670-1733. 
Augustus Frederick II. : King of Poland, and Elector 

of Saxony, 1696-1763. 
Augustus Fredk., Duke of Sussex . son of George HI 

1773-1843. 
Augustus^ Jno, : Amer. phUanth., 1786-1869. 
AuUok, Jno. H. : Amer, naval officer, 1789-1873. 
Aulin, Lars Axel : Swed. philol., -1869, 
Aulisio, Dom. : Neap, linguist and wr., 1639-1717. 
Aulnay de Charnis^ : See Charnis6. 
Aulnoy : See Auno-;. 

Aulus GelUus : Latin grammarian, fi. a.d. 117*-180*. 
Aumale, Chas. de Lorraine, Due d' ; leader in the 

league in France, 1554*-1631. 
Aumale, Claude II. of Lorraine, Due d' : soldier 

1623-1573. 
Aumale, Hen. Eugtae Phil. Louis d'Orleans, Due d' • 

French prince and statesman, 1822-1897. 
Aumoniei, Jas. : Bng. landscape pntr., 1832-1911. 
Aumont, Ant. d' : marshal of France. 1601-1669 
Aumont, Jean d", Count of Chateauroux • marshal 

of France, 1622-1695. 
Aungerville, Rich. : See Bury, Rich. de. 
Aunoy (Aulnoy), Marie Cath., Jumelle de Barueville, 

Oounte.5s of ; French writer of romances and fairv 

tales, 1660*-1705. 
Aurangzeb : Mogul Emp. of Hindustan, 1618-1707. 
Auratus, Jean : French philologist, 1504(8)-1588 
Aurelianus, Oaelius : Numidian physician and medical 

writer, 5th century*. 
Aurelianus, Lucius Domitius : Rom. emp., 212*-275 
Aurelius, Abr. : pastor of French Protestants in 

London, 1576-1632. 
Aurelius, Marcus : See Antoninus. 
Aurelius Victor : Latin hist, and biog., fl. a.d. 360 
Aurelle de Paladines, Louis Jean Bapt. d' : French 

general, 1804-1877. 
Aurelli AureUo (AreUi), Giov. Muzio : Italian Latin 

poet, fl. 1620. 
Aureolus : Roman emperor, -268. 
Aula, Vine. ; ItaUan poet, 1625-1710, 
Auilfaber, Andreas : Germ, physician, 1514-1659. 



AURIFABER 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



AYLESBURY 



Auritafaer, Joannes . German Protestant divine and. 

theologian, 1517-1568. 
Aurlfaber, Joannes : German Protestant divine and 

writer on Luther, 1519-3 575. 
Aurlspa, Giov. : Sicilian scholar and collector of MSS., 

1370*-1459. 
AurogaUus,Matth.: philol. at Wittemberg, 1480-1543. 
Aurungzebe : Mogul emperor, 1618-1707. 
Ausonius, Decimus Magnus : Roman poet and 

rhetorician, 310*-395*. • 
Auspitz, Heln. : Auatr. dermatologist, 1835-1886. 
Auspltz, Rudolf : Austr. economist, 1836-1906. 
Aust, Murray Sarah : Eng. topog. writer, 1744-1811. 
Austen, Sir Fes. Wm.: British admiral, 1774-1865. 
Austen, Jane : English novelist, * Sense and Sensi- 
bility,' 'Pride and Prejudice,* 'Emma,' ete., 

1775-1817. 
Austen, Ralph : Eng. horticultural writer, -1676. 
Austen, Wm.; Eng. metal founder and sculp. ,fl. 1451. 
Austen, Sir Wm. Chandler Roberts : See Roberts- 
Austen. 
Austen Leigh, Aug. : Provost of King's College, 

Cambridge, 1840-1905. 
Austin, Alf. : Eng. poet and pubUcist, 1835-1913. 
Austin, Ben. : Amer. merchant, 1752-1820. 
Austin, Chas. : English lawyer, 1799-1874. 
Austin, Coe Finch : American botanist, 1831-1880. 
Austin, Dav. : Amer. div. and comment., 1760-1831. 
Austin, Hubert Jas. : Eng. architect, IS41-1915. 
Austin, Hv. : English poet, fl. 1613-1620. 
Austin, Jas. Trecothic : American lawyer and 

biographer, 1784-1870. 
Austin, Jno., ' Wm. Birchley ' : English Roman 

Catholic divine and religious writer, 1613-1669. 
Austin, Jno. : Irish Jesuit, 1717-1784. 
Austin, Jno. : Scottish inventor, fl. 3820. 
Austin, Jno. : English jurist and legal wr., 1790-1859. 
Austin, Jon. Loring : American patriot, 1748-1826. 
Austin, Jon. Wms. : American soldier, 1751-1778. 
Austin, Moses : Texan pioneer, -1821. 
Austin, Rob. : English Puritan divine, fl. 3 644. 
Austin, Sam. : English religious poet, fl. 1 629. 
Austin, Sam. : English reUgious poet, fl. 1658. 
Austin, Sam. : Amer. div. and controvers., 1760-1330. 
Austin, Sam. : Eng. water-colour painter, -1834. 
Austin, Sarah : Eng. trans, and writer, 1793-1867. 
Austin, Steph. Fuller: Texan pioneer, 1793-1836. 
Austin, Thos. : Victorian squatter, -1871. 
Austin, Wm.: English barrister and miscellaneous 

writer, 1587-1634. 
Austin, Wm. : Eng. class, schol. and verse wr., fl. 1662. 
Austin, Wm. : English physician, 1754-1793. 
Austin, Wm. * English engraver and draughtsman. 

1721-1820. 
Austin, Wm. : American author, 1778-1841. 
Autelz, Guil. des : French poet, 1529-1576*. 
Auteroche, Jean Chappe d' : Fr. astron., 3 722-1769. 
Autharis : Gothic King ofLombardy, -591. 
Authon : See Autun. 

Autoiycus : Greek mathematician, fl. b.o. 340. 
Automne, Bern., of Bourdeaux : jurist, 1567-1666. 
Autran, Jos. : French poet, 1813-1877. 
Autreau, Jacques d' : Fr. poet and pntr., 1656{7)-1745, 
Autun (Authon), Jehan d' : Fr. historian, 1466*-1527. 
Auvergne, Ant. d' : Fr. musical composer, 1713-1797. 
Auvergne, La Tour d' : See La Tour. 
Auvigny, Jean du Castre d' : Fr. biog., 1712-1743. 
Auxcousteaux, Arth. de : French musician and 

musical composer, -1656. 
Auxentius, Bp. of Milan : Arian divine, 310*-374. 
Auzout, Adrien : Fr. mathematician, -1691{5). 

Avalos, Ferd. Franc, d' : Neap, soldier, 1496-1525. 
Avantlus (Avanzi), Hieron. : Veronese philol., fl. 1493, 
Avanzi, Giov. Maria : Paduan jurist, 1564-1622. 
Avanzi, Gins. : Ital. religious painter, 1645-1718. 
Avanzi, Jacopo (da Vanzo) : Ital. rel. pntr., -1400*. 
Avaux, Claude de Mesmes. Coimt d' : French 

diplomatist and scholar, 1595-1650. 
Av6-Lallemant, Fried. Christ. Benedict- German 

writer, 1809-1892. 
Ave-Lallemant, Rob. Christ. Bertliold : German 

physician and traveller, 1812-1884. 
Avebury, Lord : See Lubbock, Jno. 
Aved, Jacques And. Jos. : Fr. port, pntr., 1702-1766. 
Aveline, Pierre Alexandre : Fr. engraver. 1710-1760.'^ 
Avelinz, Thos. Wm. Baxter : English Independent 
minister, -1884. 



31 



Avellaneda, Gertrudis G6mez de : Spanish author, 

1816-1864. 
Avellino, Giulio : Ital. landscape painter, 1645 *-l 700. 
AvelUno, Onofrio : ItaUan painter, 1674-1743 . 
Avompace or Ibn-Ba] ja : Span.- Arab, philos., -1138. 
Avenarius, Eduard : Germ, publisher, 1809-1885. 
Avenarius, Rich. : Fr.-Germ. philosopher, 1843-1396. 
Avenbrugger : See Auenbrugger. 
Aventinus : See Turmair. 
Avenzohar, Abu Merwan : Arabian physician in 

Spain, 1072(3)-1162. 
Avenzohar, Alhafld : Arabian physician in Spain, 

1114-1199. 
Averanl, Benedetto : Flor. wr. and poet, 1645-1707. 
Averanf, Gius. . Italian mathematician and natural 

philosopher, 1662-1738. 
Averara, Giov. Battista : Ital. pntr., 1508-1548. 
Avercamp, Hendrik van : Dutch landscape painter, 

1600*- 
Averdy, Clem. Chas. de 1" : French statesman and 

writer, 1723*-1793. 
Averell, Adam : Irish Primitive Weslevan minister 

1754-1847 
Averrhoes (Ibn Roschid) : Arabian philosopher and 

physician. 1126-1198*. 
Averoff or Avyheris, Geo. : Greek-Egyptian million- 
aire and benefactor, 1823-1899. 
Avershawe, Lo'iu? Jeremiah : See Abershaw. 
Avery, Ben. : English physn. and writer, -1764. 

Avery, Ben. P. : American journalist, 1829-1875. 
Avery, Jno. : English pirate, fl. 1695. 
Avery, Jno. : English organ-builder, -1808. 

Avery, Waightstill (Waitstill) : American lawver, 

1745-1821. 
Avesbury, Rob. of : See Robert. 
Avezac, Aug. Genevieve V. d* : Havtian lawyer, 

1777-1851. 
Avezzana, Gius. : Italian sold, in America, 1797- 
Avicebron (Solomon ben Gebirol) : Jewish philo- 
sopher, fl. 11th century. 
Avicenna (Ibn-Sina) : Arabian phvsician and pliilo 

sopher, 980-1037. 
Avienus, Rufus Festus : Roman aristocrat and poet, 

fl. 360-372. 
Avignon, Mignard d' : See Mignard. 
Avila, Carlos Loba : Portuguese statesman, poet and 

writer, 1861-1895. 
Avila, Gil Gonzales de : Spanish divine, historian, 

biographer and antiquary, 1577*-lfi58. 
Avila y Zuniga, Luis de : Spanish hist., 1490*-1560*. 
Aviler, Augustin Chas. d' : French archt., 1653-1700. 
Aviles, Pedro Menfindez de: Spanish sailor, 1519-7-1-. 
Avisa (Hawise): Queen Consort of Jno. of Eng., fl. 1200. 
Avison, Chas. : Eng. mus. comp. and wr., 1710*-70. 
Avitus : Roman Emperor of the West, ^56. 
Avitus, Sextus A. E. : Archbishop of Vienne, 450*-523. 
Avogadro, Araedeo : Italian physicist, 1776-1856. 
Avogadro, Pietro, of Brescia : liist. painter, fl. 1730*. 
Avoglio, Signora : Italian singer, fl. 1741-171:3. 
Avondale, Lord : See Stewart. 
Avonmore, Lord : See Yelverton. 
Avont, Peeter van : Dutch pntr. and eugr., 1600-1652. 
Avrigny, Chas. Jos. Lgeillard d' : Fr. poet, 1760-1823. 
Avrigny, Hyacinthe Robillard d': Fr. hist,, 1675-1719. 
Avril, Jean Jacques : Dutch-Fr. engrav., 1744-1833. 
Avyheris, Geo. : See Averoff. 
Awdelay, Jno, : English divine, fl. 1426, 
Awdelay (Awdeley), Jno., ' Sampson ' : English 

printer and miscellaneous wTiter, fl, 1559-1577. 
Awdry, Sir Jno. : English judge, 1795-187S. 
Axayacatl : Mexican kmg, -1477. 

Axicoat : Zutuhil king, fl, 11th century. 
Axopil, King of Quich6 : fl, 1052, 
Axt, Karl Mor. Aug. : German philol., 18Q1-1863, 
Axtel, Dan. : Eng. parliamentarv colonel, -1660 
Ayala, Balthasar de : Flemish lawver, 1548*-1584 
Ayala, Juan Bautista de : Calif, explorer, fi, 1775.' 
Ayala, Pedro Lopez d' : Spanish chronicler states- 
man and poet, 1332-1407. 
Ayala y Herrera, Adelpxdo Lopez de : Spanish writer 

and politician, 1828-1879. 
Ayer.Jas.Cook: Amer.mamifacturingchem. 1318-78 
Ayerst, Wm. : English divine, 1830-1904. 
Ayesha : wife of Mahomet, 611-677-8 
Aylesbury, Sir Thos, : English mathematician and 

patron of learning, 1576-1657. 
Aylesbury, Thos. : English theologian, fl. 1622-1659 



AYLESBURY 



DICTIONARY OP UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BACCHYLIDES 



Aylesbury, Wm. : English translator, 1615-1656. 

Aylesford, Earl of : See Finch. 

Aylett, Rob. : English religions verse writer and 

Master in Chancery, 1583-1655*. 
Aylifte, Jno. : English jurist, 1676-1732. 
Ayllon, Lucas Vazquez de : Spanish adventurer and 

colonizer in America, 1475*-1526. 
Aylmer, Chas. : Irish Jesuit, 1786-1847. 
Aylmer, Jno. : Bishop of London, 1521-1594. 
Aylmer, Math., Lord Aylmer : English admiral 

and commander-in-cliief, -1720. 
Aylmer, Math. : British general and Governor-General 

ol Canada, 1775-1850. 
AyloBe, Jno. : English satirist, -1685. 
Aylolle, Sir Jos., F.E.S.: Eng. antiquary, 1709-1781. 
Ayloffe, Wm. : English judge, -1585. 
Aylward, Theod. : Eng. mus. comp., 1730-1801. 
Aymar : See Ademar. 

Aymer (jEththelmser), of Valence : Bishon of Win- 
chester, -1260. 
Aymer de Valence : Earl of Pembroke, -1324. 
Ayolas, Juan de : Spanish Gov. of Paraguay, -1538. 
Ayreminne (Ayermin), Rich, de ; Chancellor of 

Norwich, -1340*. 

Ayreminne (Ayermin), Wm. de: Bishop ot 3forwich, 

-1336. 
Ayrer, Jac. : German dramatist, -1605. 
Ayies, Sir Hy. : Bng.Prem. of S. Australia, 1821-1897. 
Ayres, Jno. : English penman, -1709*. 
Ayres, Phil. : English author, 1638-1712. 
Ayrmann, Christoph Fried. : Germ, hist., 1695-1747. 
Ayrnschmalz, Konrad : German abbot, 1425-1492. 
Ayrton, Acton Smee : English politician, 1316-1886. 
Ayrton, Edm. : English composer of cathedral music, 

1734-1808. 
Ayrton, Matilda Chaplin : English physician, 1 846-83. 
Ayrton, Wm. : F.R.S.. Eng. mus. writer, 1777-1858. 
Ayrton, Wm. Bdw., F.R.S. : English engineer and 

physicist, 1847-1908. 
Ayscough, Anne : See Askew, Anne. 
Ayscough, Fes. : English divine, 1700-1763. 
Ayscough, Geo. Edw.: En^. trav. and dram., -1779. 
Ayscough.Sam.: Bng.libr.and index maker,1745-1804. 
Ayscough, Wm. : Bishop of Salisbury, -1450. 



Ayscu (Ayscough), Edw. : EngUsh hist., fl. 1633. 
Ayscue, Sir Geo. : British admJral, -1671 . 
Ayton, Fanny : English vocalist, 1806- 
Ayton, Rich. : English writer and dram., 1786-1823. 
Ayton (Aytoun), Sir Rob. : Scottish poet,1.570-1638. 
Aytoun, Wm. Edmondstoune : Scottish poet, Im- 

morist and miscellaneous writer, 1813-1865. 
Ayub Khan : Afghan general and prince, 1855-1914. 
Axon, Wm. Edw. -irmytage: English antiquary, 

folklorist and miscellaneous writer, 1846-1913. 
Azais, Pierre Hyacinthe : French philos., 1766-1845. 
Azanza, Miguel Jo36 : Viceroy of Mexico, 1750- 
Azara, Felix d' : Span. nat. and trav., 1746-1811. 
Azara, Jos. Nio. d' : Spanish diplomatist and writer, 

1731-1804. 
Azarlah, King ot Judah : See TJzziah. 
Azcanaga, Marsh. : Spanish premier, -1915. 

Azegllo, Massimo Taparelli d' : Italian statesman and 

writer, 1798-1866. 
Azevedo, Ant. A. d. : Port, statesman, 1784-1817. 
Azevedo, Ign. : Port. miss, to West Indies, 1 527-1570. 
Azevedo Countinho, Jos6 Joaqulm da Cunha : Portu- 
guese Bishop of Pemambuco, 1742-1821. 
Azim-ud-Daula : Nawab of the Camatic, 1775-1819. 
Azorius, Juan : Spanish Jesuit, 1533-1603. 
Azpllcueta, Juan : Spanish miss, and trav., 1515-1555. 
Azpilcueta, Mart., ' Dr. Navarre ' ; Spanish lawyer, 

1493-1686. 
Azani, Dom. Alb. : Italian jurist, 1749-1827. 
Azurara, Gomes Bannes d' : Port, chronicler, -1474. 
Azzi ne* Forti, Faustina d', ' Eurinomia ' : Italian 

poetess, 1650-1724, 
Azzo ; See also Albert and Este. 
Azzo (Azo), Porzio : Italian lawyer, -1200. 
Azzoguldi, Germane : Italian anatomist, 1740-1814. 
Azzognidl, Valerio Felice : antiquary of Bologna, 

1651-1728. 
Azzolini, Decio : Italian cardinal, 1623-1689. 
Azzollni, Giov. Bernardo (Mazzolini) ; Italian painter, 

1560*- 
Azzolini, Laurens ; Italian Bishop of Xarni and 

satirist, -1632. 
Azzopardi, Francesco : Italian writer on music, 

ISth century. 



B 



Baade, Knud Andreassohn ; Norwegian-German 
marine and landscape painter, 1808-1879. 

Baader, Ferd. Maria : Germ. med. wr., 1747-1797. 

Baader, Franz Xav. : German philosopher and 
theologian, 1765-1341. 

Baalun (Balun), Jno. de : English itinerant justice, 
t1235. 

Baan : See also De Baan. 

Baan, Jac. van : Dutch portrait painter, 1673-1700. 

Baan, Jan van : Dutch portrait painter, 1683-1702. 

Baarsdorp, Corn, : Dutch physician, medical writer 
and court chamberlain, -1565. 

Baasha: King of Israel, -B.C. 930. 

Baba All : founder of Algerine independence, -1718. 

Baban, Gracian : Spanish mus. comp., 11. 1657-1675. 

Babbage, Chas., F.R.S, : English mathematician, 
mechanician and inventor, 1792-1871. 

Babblni, Matteo : Italian singer, 1764-1816. 

Babbitt, Edwin B. : Amer. brig.-gen., 1802-1881. 

Babbitt, Isaac : American inventor, 1799-1862. 

Babcock, Chas. A. : Amer. naval officer, 1833-1876. 

Baboock, Hy. : American soldier, 1736-1800. 

Babcock, Jas. F. : American journalist, 1809-1874. 

Babcock, Jno. Breckinridge : Amer. gen., 1842-1909. 

Baboock, Orville E. : American soldier, 1835-1884. 

Babcock, Rufus : Amer. divine and author, 1798-1875. 

Babell (Babel), Wm. • English musician and com- 
poser, 1690*-1723. 

Baber (Babur) : Mogul emperor and conqueror of 
India, 1483-1580. 

Baber, Bdw. Colbome : English Chinese scholar and 
traveller, 1843-1890. 

Baber, Hy. Hervey : Eng. philologist, 1775-1869. 

Baber, Sir Jno. : Eng. royal physician, 1625-1704. 

Babeuf, Franp. Noel : French revolutionist and 
journalist, 1760-1797. 

Babln, Fran?. : Fr. theol. and canonist, 1651-1734. 

Bablnet, Jacques : French physicist, 1794- 



BablngtoB, Ant. : Eng. R.C. conspirator, 1561-1586. 
Bablngton, Ben. Guy, F.R.S. : English physician and 

linguist, 1794-1866. 
Bablngton, Brute : Bishop of Derry, -1610. 
Bablngton, Chas. Cardale : English botanist and 

archsBologist, 1808-1895. 
Bablngton, Churchill: English philologist and 

archaeologist, 1021-1889. 
Bablngton, Fes. : English Oxford divine, -1569. 
Bablngton, Gervase : Bishop of Worcester, 1550-1610. 
Bablngton, Humfrey : English divine, 1615-1691. 
Bablngton, Jno. : Eng. mathem. and gunner, fl. 1635. 
Bablngton, Sir Wm. : English judge, -1455. 
Bablngton, Wm., F.R.S. : Irish philosopher and 

mineralogist, 1756-1833. 
Babinl, Matt. : Italian vocalist, 1754-1816. 
Babnigg, Emma : German vocalist, 1823-1904. 
Babo, Jos. Maria : German professor and dramatist. 

1756-1822. 
Babo, Lambert Hein. Jos. Anton Konrad, Baron von : 

German chemist, 1818-1899. 
Babrlus (Babrias) : Greek fabulist, fl. B.C. 1st cent. 
Babst, Dlederich Geo. : German poet, 1741-1800. 
Baby, Fran?. : Canadian engineer, -1864. 
Baby. Louis Franp. Geo. : Canadian judge, statesman, 

antiquaiy and lilatorian, 1833-1906. 
Babylas: Bishop of Antioch and martyr, -251. 
Babyon (Babyo, Babion), Pet. : English poet and 

divine, fl. 1317-1366. 
Baca, Luis : Mexican musical composer, 1826-1855. 
Bacal, Ibrahim Ben-omar ; Mussulman wr., -1480. 
Baooalar y Sanna, Vine, Marquis of St. Philip : 

Spanish soldier and statesman, 1660*-1726. 
BacchaneUl, Giov. : med. wr. ot Rheggio, fl. 1560*. 
BaecMnL Benedetto, of Modena : universal scholar. 
• 1651-1721. 
Baeohb : Elng of Corinth, fl. b.o. 925. 
Bacchylldes : Greek lyric poet, fl. b.o. 450. 



32 



BACCIOf 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BAD COCK 



Baccio d'Agnolo : Florentine architect, sculptor and 

wood carver, 1460*-1543. 
Baccio da Monte Lnpo ; Florentine Bcuiptor and 

architect, 1455*-1533*. 
Baccio della Porta, ' Fra Bartolonmo ' : Italian 

painter, 1469-1517. 
Bacciochi : See Baciocclii. 

Baccius, And. : Italian medical writer, fl. 1567-1600. 
Baccusi, Ippoljto ; Italian monlc and musical com- 
poser, -1609. 
Bacellar, Ant. Barbosa : Port. hist, and poet, 1610 -63. 
Bach, Alex., Baron von : Austr. statesm., 1813-1893. 
Bacli, Carl Phil. Bman.: German musician, 1714-1788. 
Bacb, Christoph : German musician, 1613-1861 . 
Bach, Em. Karl Christ. : Germ, philol., 1795- 
Bach, Geo. Christoph : Germ. mas. comp., 1642-97. 
Bach, Hein. : German organist, 1615-1692. 
Bach, Johannes : German organist, 1604-1673. 
Bach, Joh. Ambrosius : Germ, violinist, 1645-1695. 
Bach, Joh. Aug. : German philologist, 1721-1756. 
Bach, Joh. Bern. : (Jerman organist and musical 

composer, 1676-1749. 
Bach, Joh. Christ. : Germ, musician, 1735-1782. 
Bach, Joh. Christ. : German musician, 1640-1682. 
Bach, Joh. Christoph : Germ, musician, 3645-1693. 
Bach, Joh. Christoph : Germ, musician, 1643-1703. 
Bach, Joh. Cliristoph : Germ, organist, 1671-1721. 
Baeh, Joh. Christoph Fried. : Germ, music, 1732-95. 
Bach, Joh. Ernst : German musician, 1722- 
Bach, Joh. Gottfried Bern. : Germ, org., 1715-1739. 
Bach, Joh. Ludw. : Germ. mus. comp., 1677-1741. 
Bach, Joh. Mich. : German organist and musical 

composer, 1648-1694. 
Bach, Joh. Nic. ; German organist and musical 

composer, 1669-1753. 
Bach, Joh. Nic. : German plulologist, 1802-1841. 
Bach, Joh. Seb. : German musician and musical 

composer, 1685-1760. 
Bach, Earl Phil. Eman. . German musician and 

composer, 1714-1788. 
Bach, Wilh. Friedermann : Germ, music, 1710-1784. 
Bach, Wilh. Fried. Em. ; German musical comnoser. 

1759-1845. 
Baehaiach, Jair : Austr.-German rabbi, 1639-1702. 
Bachaumont, Fran?, le Coigneux de : French lawyer 

and poet, 1624-1702. 
Bachaumont, Louis Petit de : French man of letters. 

1690-1771. 
Bache, Alex. Dallas : American physicist, 1806-1867. 
Bache, Ben. Franklin : Amer. journalist, 1769-1798. 
Bache, Ben, Franklin : American surgeon, 1801-1881. 
Bache, Fes. Edw. : Eng. music, and comp., 1833-58. 
Bache, Franklin : American chemist, 1792-1864. 
Bache, Hartman : American brigadier-general and 

military engineer, 1797-1872. 
Bache, Rich. : Amer. mercliant and pol., 1737-1811. 
Bache, Sam. : Eng. Unitarian divine, 1804-1876. 
Bache, Sarah : American philantliropist, 1744-1808. 
Bache, Sarah : English hymn writer, 1771*-1844. 
Bache, Theophylact : Amer. merchant, 1734-1807. 
Bacheller, Jacques : French engraver, 1710-1781. 
Bacheller, Jean Jacques : French painter, 1724-1806. 
Bachelier, Nic. of Toulouse : sculptor, -posl 1553. 
Bachem, Joh. Pet. : German printer and publisher 

1787-1821. 
Bacher, Wilh. : Hungarian Orientalist and Jewish 

scholar, 1850-1913. 
Bachet, Claude Gasp. Sieur de Meziriac : French 

antiquary, 1581-1628. 
Bachhoflner, Geo. Hy. : founder of London Poly- 
technic, 1810-1879. 
Bachi, Pietro : American educationist, 1787-1853 
Bachiacca, II. : See Ubertinl. 
Bachiller y morales : Cuban hist, and antiq. 1812- 
Bachmann : See also Kivmus. 
Bachmann, Gottlieb Ludw. Ern. : German philolo- 
gist, 1792-1881. 
Bachmann, Jno. ; American naturalist, 1790-1874. 
Bachofen, Joh. Caspar : Swiss musician and hymn 

writer, 1697-1755. 
Bachofen, Joh. Jac. : Swiss jurist and archaologist, 

1815-1887. 
Bachovlas, Reinler : Germ Prot. civilian, 1544-1614 
Baehstrom, Joh. Fried. : German theologian, educa- 
tionist, naturalist and missionary, 1686-1742. 
Bachtold, Jac. : Swiss German scholar and man of 
letters, 1848-1897. 



33 



Bachya ibn Paquida : Spanish Jewish ethical 

writer, ti. 1040. 
Baciccio, Giov. Batt. Gauli : Ital. pntr., 1639-1709. 
Baciocchi, ¥€l. Pascal, Prince : Fr. gen., 1762-1841. 
Bacioechi, Maria Anna Elisc Bonaparte: Princess 

Piombmo, 1777-1820. 
Back, Sir Geo., F.B.S. : British admiral and Arctic 

navigator, 1796-1878. 
Back, Gottfried : Flemish printer, fl. 1492-1517. 
Back, Wm. : English physician, -1856. 
Backer, .\driaan : Dutch historical pntr., 1643-1686. 
Backer (Bakker), Jac. : Dutch hist, pntr., 1530-1560. 
Backer, Jac. : Dutch portrait and historical painter, 

1608-1651. 
Backhouse, Edw. : Eng. eccles. historian, 1808-1S79. 
Backhouse, Jas. : Eng. descriptive writer, 1794-1869. 
Backhouse, Jno. : English statesman, 1772-1845. 
Backhouse, Wm. ; English astrologer and alchemist, 

1593-1662. 
Backbuizen, Ludolf : See Backhuysen. 
Backfauysen, Ludolf : Dutch marine pntr., 1031-1708. 
Backus, Azel : Amer. educationist, 1765-1817. 
Backus, Chas. : American theologian, 1749-1803. 
Backus, Electus : American soldier, -1813. 
Backus, Electus : American soldier, 1804-1862. 
Backus, Franklin T. : Amer. lawyer, 1813-1870. 
Backus, Isaac : Amer. divine and writer, 1724-1806. 
Baekwell, Edw. : London goldsmith and alderman, 

-1683. 
Bacmeister, Geo. Hein. Justus ; Geiman statesman. 

1807-1890. 
Bacmeister, Hartmann Louis Christ. : German- 
Russian miscellaneous writer, 1736-1806. 
Bacmeister, Lucas Adolf : Germ, germanist.1827-73. 
Baeon, Ann, Lady : Eng. schol. and wr., 1628-1610. 
Bacon, Ant. : English diplomatist, 1558-1601. 
Bacon, Aug. O. : American senator, 1839-1914. 
Bacon, Dav. : American missionary, 1771-1317. 
Bacon, Dav. Fes. : Amer. physician, 181.3-1886. 
Bacon, Dav. W. : American Roman Catholic Bishop 

of Portland, Me., 1814-1874. 
Bacon, Delia : American authoress, 1811-1859. 
Bacon, Edm. : American lawyer, 1776-1826. 
Bacon, Ezeldel : American jurist and pol., 1776-1870. 
Bacon, Fes., Viscount St. Albans: philosopher, 
statesman and essayist, ' Novum Organum," etc.. 
1561-1626. 
Bacon, Sir Fes. : English judge, 1587-1657. 
Bacon, Sir Jas. : Vice-Chanc; of England, 1798-1895. 
Bacon, Jno. : See Baconthorpe. 
Bacon, Jno. : English judge, -1321. 
Bacon, Jno., R.A. : English sculptor, 1740-1799. 
Bacon, Jno. : Eng. eccles. antiquary, 1738-1816. 
Bacon, Jno. : English sculptor, 1777-1859. 
Bacon, Jno. Mackenzie : Eng. aeronaut, 1846-1904. 
Bacon, Leon. : Amer. div. and miscell. wr., 1802-81. 
Bacon, Montagu : Eng. schol. and critic, 1688-1749 
Bacon, Nath. : Sheriff of Norfolk, -1622. 
Bacon, Sir Nath, : Bug. lands, pntr., fl. 1625-1640. 
Bacon, Nath. : English Puritan and Parliamentarian 

159.3-1660. 
Bacon, Nath., ' The Virginia Rebel,' 1642«-1676. 
Baeon (Southwell), Nath. : See Southwell. 
Bacon, Sir Nich. : Eng. lord keeper. 1509-1579. 
Bacon, Phanuel : Eng. divine and poet, 1700-1783. 
Bacon, Philemon : Brit, naval captain, -1666. 
Bacon, Rich. Mackenzie : Englisli journalist and 

musician, 1776-1844. 
Bacon, Rob. : Eng. Domin. and biog., 1168*-1248. 
Bacon, Roger : English friJir, scientist and phiio- 

sopher, 1214»-1294. 
Bacon, Sam. : American divine, 1781-1820 
Bacon, Thos.: Englishjudge, fl. 1336. 
Bacon (Southwell), Thos. : See Southwell. 
Bacon, Wm. Thompson : American divine and 

poet, 1814-1881. 
Baconthorpe (Bacon, Bacho), Jno., • Tlie Resolute 

Doctor ' : Eng. Carmelite and writer, -1346 
Bacsanyi, Janos : Hungarian poet, 1763-1843. 
Badalocchlo, Sisto-Bosa : Italian painter and en- 
graver, 1581-1647. 
Badby, Jno. : English Lollard raartjT -1410 

Badby, Wm. : Eng. Carmelite and theol. wr. -1380 
Badeock, Sir Alex. Bob. : Brit, general, 1844-1907 
Badcook, Jno., ' John Bee," ' John Hinds ' • Enolish 

sporting writer, fl. 1816-1830. 
Badeock, Sam. : Eng. polem. wr. and critic, 1747-88. 



BADDELEY 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BAILEY 



Baddeley, Mountford Jno. Byrde : English com- 
piler of guide books, 1S43-1906. 
Baddeley, Kob. : English comedian, 1733*-1794. 
Baddeley, Sophia inle Snow) : English actress and 

vocalist, 1745-1786. 
Baddeley, Thos. : R.C. priest at Manchester, fl. 1822. 
Badeau, Adam ; American brig. -general and author, 

1831- 
Badeley, Bdw. Lowth : Eng. eccles. lawyer, -1868. 
Baden (Badens), Frs. : Dutch historical and portrait 

painter, 1571-1603. 
Baden, Jak. : Danish philologist, 1735-1804. 
Baden, Torkil : Danish philologist, 1765-1849. 
Baden, Rich. : founder of University Hall, Cambridge, 

fl. 1320-13.TO. 
BadenI, Ct. Casimir ; Austrian statesm., -1909. 
Badenoch, Geo. Roy. : Scottish divine and religious 

and educational writer, 1830-1912. 
Bader, Jos. : German historian, 1805-1883. 
Badger, Geo. Edm. : Amer. statesman, 1795-1366. 
Badger, Geo. Percy : Bng. Arabic scholar, 1815-1888. 
Badger, Jos. ; Amer. general and judge, 1722-1803. 
Badger, Jos. : American missionary, 1757-1846. 
Badger, Jos. : Amer. divine and writer, 1792-1852, 
Badger, Milton : Amer. div, and scholar, 1800-1878. 
Badger, Steph. ; miss, to the Natick Indians, fi. 1752. 
Badger, Wm. : Governor of New Hampshire, N.A., 

1779-1852. 
Badgery, Hy. Septimus : Australian pol., -1840. 
Badham, Chas., F.R.S. : English medical and 

poetical writer, 1780-1845. 
Badham, Chas. : Bng. classical scholar, 1813-1884. 
Badham, Chas. Dav. : Eng. naturalist, 1806-1857. 
Badi Gsseman (Abdul Eadl) : Pers. poet, 1007- 
Badia, Thos. : Italian cardinal, 1483-1547. 
Badia y Leblich, Dom. : See Ali Bey. 
Badiali, Cesare : Italian singer, -1865. 
Badile, Giov. Antonio : Ital. port, pntr., 1480-1560. 
Badiley, Rich. : English admiral, -1657. 
Badin, Steph. Theod. : French Roman Catholic 

divine in America and Latin poet, 1768-1853. 
Badius, Con. : Flem. scholar and printer, 1510-68*. 
Badius, Jodocns, ' Ascensius ' : Flemish scholar 

and printer, 1462-1535. 
Badlam, Ezra : Amer. brig.-gen., 1746-1788. 
Badlesmere, Bart., Baron : Bng. baron, 1275-1322. 
Badoara, Dan., of Venice ; senator, -1584. 
Badoara, Fred., of Venice : statesman, 1518-95. 
Badoara, Lauro, of Venice : poet, 1546-1593. 
Badoara, Pietro, of Venice : advocate, -1591. 
Baduel, Claude : Fr. Protestant divine, -1561. 
Baeck, Abraham : Swed. naturalist, 1713-1795. 
Bseda : See Bede. 

Baedecker, Karl : German publisher, 1801-1859. 
Baehr, Job. Karl : Russ.-Germ. pntr., 1801-1869. 
Baeli, Franc. : Sicilian mathem. and poet, 1639-1710*. 
Baena,Ant. Ladislao Monteiro : Port, hist., -1851*. 
Baer, Geo. F. : Amer. railway pres., 1842-1914. 
Baer, Karl Ernst von: Germ, biol., 1792-1878. 
Baerle (Barlaeus), Gasp, van : Dutch author, 

1584-1648. 
Baermann, Geo. Fried. : Germ, mathem., 1717-1769. 
Baermann, Heinrich Jps. : Germ, music, 1784-1847. 
Baermann, Karl : German musician, 1820-1885. 

Baerstraet, : Dutch painter, -1687. 

Baert, A. B. F. de Paul, Baron de : French senator and 

author, 1750*-1825. 
Baez, Buenaventura : President of the Dominican 

Republic, fl. 1860. 
Ballln, Wm. : English navigator and discoverer, 

1584-1622. 
Bagard, C&ar : French sculptor, 1639-1709. 
Bagard, Chas. : French medical writer, 1696-1772. 
Bagard (Baggard), Thos. : Canon of Worcester, 

-1544. 
Bagby, Arth. Pendleton : Gov. of Alabama, 1794-1858. 
Bagby, Geo. Wm. : American author, 1328-1883. 
Bage, E.: Austral, engin., sclent, and expl., -1915. 
Bage, Rob. : English novelist, 1728-1801. 
Bagehot, Walter : English economist, journalist and 

miscellaneous writer, 1826-1877. 
Bagtord, Jno. : English antiquary and book collector, 

1650-1716. 
Baggallay, Sir Rich. : English solicitor-general and 

judge, 1816-1888, 
Bagge, Oskar : German popular writer, 1814-1873. 
Bagge, Selmar : Germ, music, and critic, 1823-96. 



Bagger, Jno., Bishop of Copenhagen: Danish 

writer, 1646-1693. 
Baggerley, Humph. : Bng. Royalist capt., fl. 1654. 
Baggesen, Jens Immanuel : Dan. poet, 1764-1820. 
Baggs, Chas. Mich. : Eng. R.C. Bp. of Pella, 1806-45. 
Bagieu, Jacques : Fr. army surgeon, fl. 1750*. 
Bagioll, Ant. : Ital. music, in America, 1795-1871. 
Bagley, Jno. Judson : Amer. pol., 1832-1881. 
Baglioni, Cavaliere Giov., ' II Sordo del Barozzo ' . 

Italian religious painter and author of ' Lives of 

the Painters, Sculptors and Architects,' 1571-1644. 
Baglioni, Cesare : Bolognese pntr., 1550*- 
Baglivl, Giorgio : Italian physician, ' Praxis Modica,' 

1663-1707. 
Bagnacavallo : See Eamenghi. 
Bagnal, Sir Hy. : marsh, of army in Ireland, 1556*-98. 
Bagnal,Slr Nich. : marshal of army in Ireland, 1510*- 

1590*, 
Bagnall, Gibbons : Eng. poetical writer, 1719-1800. 
Bagnioli, Giul. Cesare : Ital. poet, -1630*. 
Bagoas : Persian general, -B.C. 336. 
Bagot, Sir Chas. : Gov.-Gen. of Canada, 1781-1843. 
Bagot, Chas. Hervey : Austral, pol., 1788*-1880. 
Bagot, Jno. Tuthilf : Austral, pol., 1819-1870. 
Bagot, Lewis : Bp. of St. Asaph, 1740-1802. 
Bagot, Rich. : Bp. of Bath and Wells, 1782-1854. 
Bagot, Sir Wm. : minister of Richard II., fl. 1397. 
Bagot, Wm., 2nd Lord Bagot : agricult., 1773-1856. 
Bagration, Pet. Ivanovich, Prince : Russian general, 

1765-1812. 
Bagshaw, Christopher : English Roman Catholic 

priest and controversialist, -1625*. 
Bagshaw, Edw. : English Roy.allst and political 

writer, -1662. 

Bagshaw, Edw. : Bng. div. and controvers., 1629-71. 
Bagshaw, Hy. : Eng. div. and author, 1632-1709. 
Bagshaw, Wm., ' Apostle of the Peak ' : English 

ejected Nonconformist, 1628-1702. 
Bagshawe, Edw. Gilpin : English Roman Catholic 

archbishop, hymnologist and pol, wr., 1829-1915. 
Bagster, Sam. : English publisher, 1772-1851. 
Bagster, Sam. : Eng. printer and author, 1800-1835. 
Bagwell, Wm. : Eng. merchant and astrbn., fl. 1655. 
Bahadur Shah I.: MogulEmp.of Hindvistan, -1712. 
Bahadur Shah II. : last Mogul Emperor of Hindu- 
stan, -1862. 
Bahlmann, Fried. Wilh. , German Government 

official, 1828-1888. 
Bahnson, Geo. Fred. : Amer. Moravian bp., 1805-69. 
Bahr, Joh. Christ, Felix : German philologist and 

historian, 1798-1872. 
Bahr, Joh. Fred. : Swed. chemist, 1815- 
Bahr, Otto : Germ, jurist and pol., 1817-1895. 
Bahram (Varanes) : Persian general, fl. 589-591. 
Bahrdt, Karl Fried. : German adventurer, theologian, 

satirist and biographer, 1741-1792. 
Bai, Tommaso : Italian singer and musical com- 
poser, -1714. 
Baian : Chief of the Avars, fl. 590. 
Baian, or Baion or Baiandi, And. ; Indo-Portuguese 

poet, fl. 17th century. 
Baier, Alevill ; Germ, philos. and theol., 1811-92. 
Baler, Joh. Jac. : Germ, physn. and bot.. 1677-17.'i5. 
Baier, Joh. Wilh., ' The Old " : Germ, div., 1647-95. 
Bait. Jean Ant. de; French poet. 1532-1589. 
Baif, Lazare de : Fr. poet and scholar, 1485-1547. 
Baikie, Wm. Balfour : Scot. expl. and nat., 1824-64. 
Bail, Louis : French divine, -1669. 
Baildon, Jos. : Eng. org. and song wr., 1727*-1774. 
Bailey : See also Baillie, Bally, Bayley and Bayly. 
Bailey, Ann : Amer. scout and Ind. flghtcr, -1825. 
Bailey, Anna Warner, ' Mother Bailey ' : American 

patriot, 1758-1850. 
Bailey, Ebenezer : Amer. edueat. and poet, 1795-1S39. 
Bailey.Fred. : Anglo-Ind, forestry expert, 1840-1912. 
Bailey, Gamaliel : Amer. journalist, 1807-1859. 
Bailey, Guilford Dudley : Amer. soldier, 1834-1862. 
Bailey, Jacob : Amer. brig.-gen., 1723-1816. 
Bailey, Jacob : American divine, 1731-1808. 
Bailey, Jac. Whitman : Amer. nat., 1811-1857. 
Bailey, Jas. : Bng. classical scholar, -1864. 
Bailey, Jas. Anthony : Amer. showman, 1340-1906. 
Bailey (Baily), Jno. : Eng. Dissenting min., 1643-97 
Bailey, Jno. : American soldier, 1730-1810. 
Bailey, Jno. : Eng. agricult. and engrav., 1750-1819. 
Bailey, Jno. EgUngton : Eng. antiq., 1840-1888. 
Bailey, Jos. : Amer. brig.-gen. and farmer, 1827-67. 



34 



BAILEY 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BAKER 



Bailey, Nathan(iel) : English lexicographer and 
philologist, -1712. 

Bailey, Petpr : Eng. humorous poot, -1823. 

BaUey, Phil. Jas. : Eng, poet, ' Festiw,' 1816-1902. 

Bailey, Riifus Wm. : American educationist and 
writer, 1793-1863. 

Bailey, Sam. : Eng. pMlosophical wr., 1791-1870. 

Bailey, Silas : American divine, 1S12*-1S74. 

Bailey, Theod. : American senator, 1758-1828. 

Bailey, Theod. ; Amer. rear-admiral, 1805-1877. 

Bailey, Thos. ; English topographer and philosopliical 
writer, 1785-1856. 

Bailey, Sir Wm. Hy. : Eng. engineer, 1838-1913. 

Baillargeon, C. Fes. : Archbp. of Quebec, 1798-1S70. 

Baillet, Adrien : Er. critic and schol., 1649-1706. 

Balllenl, Jacques Chas. : Er. politician, 1762-1843. 

Balllle (Bailly), Chas. : attendant of Mary Queen of 
Scots, 1542-1625. 

Baillie, Chas., Lord Jerviswoode : Scottish justiciary, 
1804-1879. 

Baillie, Cuthbert : Ld. High Treas. of Scot. , -1514. 

BalUie, Lady Grizel : Scottish poetess, 1665-1746. 

Baillie, Joanna : Scot. dram, and poetess, 1762-1851. 

Baillie, Jno. : Eng. divine and lecturer, 1741-180B. 

Baillie, Jno. : Ind. admin, and Pers. schol., 1772-1833. 

Baillie,Marianne: Eng. trav. and verse wr .,1795 *-1830. 

Baillie, Matth.. F.R.S. : Scottish anatomist and 
physiologist, 1761-1823. 

Baillie, Rob. ; professor of divinity at Glasgow Uni- 
versity and Covenanter, 1602-1662. 

Baillie, Rob., ' Scottish Algernon Sidney ' : Scottish 
composer. -1684. 

Baillie, Roche le, ' La Ri^iSre * : French physician 
and astrologer, -1605. 

Baillie, Thos. : Brit, naval captain, -1802. 

Baillie, Wm., Lord Provand : Scot, judge, -1593. 

Baillie, Wm. : Scottish general, fl. 1648. 

Baillie,Wm..,Lord Polkemmet : Scot.judge, -1816. 

Baillie, Wm. ; Irish amateur engraver and etcher, 
1723-1810. 

Baillie, Wm. : Anglo-Indian soldier, -1782. 

Baillot, Pierre : Fr. prof, of rhetoric, 1752-1815. 

Baillot, Pierre Marie Fran?, de Sales : French 
violinist and musical composer, 1771-1842. 

Baillou, Em. Henri : Fr. botanist, 1818-1895. 

Baillon, GuU. de : French medical wr., 1538-1616. 

Bailly, Dav. : Dutch painter 1584-1665*. 

Bailly, Edm. Louis Bart. : Fr. pol., 1760-1819. 

Bailly, Em. Jos. : Flem. port, pntr., 1753-1823. 

Bailly, Jacques : Fr. painter, 1629-1679. 

Bailly, Jean Sylvain : French astronomer, orator and 
Mayor of Paris, 1736-1793. 

Bailly, Vincent de Paul : Eng. colonial administrator, 
1836-1912. 

Baily, Chas. : Eng. arch, and archaeoL, 1815-1878. 

Baily,Edw. Hodges, R.A. : Eng. sculp., 1788-1867. 

Baily, Fes., F.R.S. : Eng. astronomer, 1774-1844. 

Baily, Jas. Thos. Herb. ; Scottish writer on art and 
miscellaneoufi writer, 1865-1914. 

Baily, Jno. : English divine in America, 1644-1697. 

Baily, Jno. Wallser : Eng. archaeologist, 1809-1873. 

Baily, Thos. : Eng. Rom. Cath. divine. -1591. 

Bally, Wm. Hellier : Eng. palasont., 1819-1888. 

Bain : See also Baine acd Bayne. 

Bain, Alex. : Scottish electrician, 1810-1877. 

Bain, Alex. : Scottish psychologist, logician and 
educationist, 1818-1903. 

Bain, And . Geddes : Scot, geologist, 1797-1864. 

Bain, Rob. Nisbet : English historian, miscellane- 
ous writer and linguist, 1854-1909. 

Bain, Sir Wm. : English harbour-master and physi- 
cist, 1771-1853. ' 

Bainbridge, Christoplier : English cardinal and Arch- 
bishop of York, 1464*-1514. 

Bainbridge, Hy. : American soldier, 1803-1857. 

Bainbridge, Jno. : Eng. astronomer, 1682-1643. 

Bainbridge, Wm. : American naval officer, 1774- 
1833. 

BBinbrigg(Baynbridge),Reg. : Eng. antiij., 1545-1606. 

Bainbrigg, Thos. : Master of Christ's College, Cam- 
bridge, -1646. 

Bainbrlgg (Bambridge, Bembridge), Thos. : English 
controversialist, 1636-1703. 

Bainbrigge, Sir PhU. : Brit, lieut.-gen., 1786-1862 

Baine, Jas. : Scottish divine, 1710-1790. 

Baines, Edw. : English historical writer, politici.an 
and journalist, 1774-1848. 



Baines, Sir Edw. ; Eng. editor and econ., 1800-1890. 

Baines, Fred. Ebenezer : English post official and 
miscellaneous writer, 1832-1911. 

Baines, .Tno. : Eng. mathematician, 1787-1838. 

Baines, Matth. Talbot : Eng. pol., 1799-1860. 

Baines, Paul : See Baynes. 

Baines, Pet. Augustine : Eng. R.C. bp., 1786-1843. 

Baines, Rog. : See Baynes. 

Baines, Sir Thos. : Eng. physician, 1622-1680. 

Baines, Thos : Eng. artist and Afr. expl., 1822-1875. 

Baines, Thos. : Eng. journ. and hist., 1806-1881. 

Bainham, Jas. : English martyr, -1532. 

Baini, Gius. : Italian priest, musical composer and 
musician, 1775-1844. 

Baiocis, Jno. de : See Bayeux. 

BalTd, And. Wilson: Scottish miUtary engineer, 
1842-1908. 

Baird, Sir David : Brit, general, 1757-1829. 

Baird, Edw. C. : American soldier, 1836-1874. 

Baird, Geo. Husband : Principal of Edinburgh Uni- 
versity, 1761-1840. 

Baiid, Hy. Martyn : American historian and educa- 
tionist, 1832-1906. 

Baird, Hy. Sam. : American lawj^er, 1800-1875. 

Baird, Jas. ; Scot, ironmaster and benef., 1802-1876. 

Baitd, Sir Jno. : Scottish judge, 1620-1698. 

Baird, Jno. : Irish divine, -1804. 

Baiid, Jno. : Scottish divine, 1799-1861. 

Baird, Rob. : Amer. divine and author, 1798-1863. 

Baird, Spencer Fullerton : Amer. nat., 1823-1887. 

Baird, Thos. Jas. : Amer. soldier, 1800-1875. 

Baiid, Wm. : Scottish physician, 1803-1872. 

Baimth, Margravine of : See Bareith. 

Baiseh, Herm. : German painter, 1846- 

Baiscb, Otto : German painter, writer on art and 
poet, 1840-1892. 

Baiter, Joh. Geo. : Swiss philologist and textual 
critic, 1801-1877. 

Baius (De Bay). Mich., of Louvain : theol., 1613-1589. 

Bajazet L : Sultan of the Turks, 1347-1403. 

Bajazet II. : Sultan of the Turks, 1447-1512. 

Bajza, Jos. : Hungarian poet and critic, 1804-1858. 

Bake, Alex. : Dutch philol., -1844. 

Bake, Janiis ; Dutch philol. and critic. 1787-1864. 

Baker, Abijah R. : Amer, div. and author, 1305- 

Bakcr, Alex. : English Jesuit, 1582-1638. 

Baker, Anne ElLz. : Eng. philologist, 1786-1861. 

Baker, Anselm : Eng. artist, 1834-1885. 

Baker, Augustine : See Baker, David. 

Baker, Sir Ben. : English engineer, 1840-1907. 

Baker, Ben Franklin : Amer. musician, 1811-1889. 

Baker, Chas. VerS Dav. Lewis : Eng. Jesuit, 1617-79. 

Baker, Chas. : Eng. instructor of deaf-mutes, 1803-74. 

Baker, Dan : American soldier, 1775-1836. 

Baker, Dan. : Amer. divine and WTiter. 1791-1857. 

Baker, Dav. f Augustine) : English Benedictine, 1575- 
1641. 

Baker, Dav. BrL^tow : Eng. rel. -kt., 1803-1852. 

Baker, Dav. ErsMne ; Eng. dram, biog., 1730-1767. 

Baker, Dav. Jewett : American lawyer and judge, 
1792-1869. 

Baker, Edw, Dickenson : Amer. general, 1811-1861. 

Baker, Sir Edw. ?»rorman : Anglo-Indian official, 
1857-1913. 

Baker, Franklin : Eng. Unit, minister, 1800-1867. 

Baker, Geoffrey : Eng. chronicler, fi. 1350. 

Baker, George : English surgeon, 1540-1600. 

Baker, Sir Geo., F.R.S. : Eng. antiquary, 1722-1809. 

Baker, Geo. ; English musician, 1773*-1847. 

Baker, Geo. : English topographer, 1781-1851. 

Baker, Geo. Aug. : Amer. port, pntr., 1821-1880. 

Baker, Geo. Barnard : Canadian senator, 1833-1910. 

Baker, Hy. : English miscellaneous writer, 1734-fiO. 

Baker, Hy., F.E.S. : Enelish naturalist and founder 
of Bakerian Oration, 1698-1774. 

Baker, Hy. Aaron : Irish architect, 1753-1836. 

Baker, Sir Hy. Wms. : Eng. hynm wt., 1821-1877. 

Baker, Humph. ; English writer on arithmetic and 
astrologer, fl. 1562-1587. 

Baker, Sir Jno. : Eng. chanc. of the Excheq., -1568. 

Baker, Jno. : British admiral, 1661-1716. 

Baker, Jno. : Vice-Master ot Trinity College, Cam- 
bridge, -1745. 

Baker, Jno., R.A. : Eng. flower pntr., 1736*-1771. 

Baker, Jno. ; Premier of S. A\istraUa, 1812-1872. 

Baker, Jno. Wynn, F.R.S. : English agricultural and 
rural economist, -1775. 



35 



BAKER 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BALDWIN 



Baker, Lafayette C. . Chiel of the U.S. Secret Service , 

1826-1868. 
Baker, Nath. Bradley : Governor of New Hampshire, 

U.S.A., 1818-1876. 
Baker, Osmon Oleander : Arner. divine, 1812-1871. 
Baker, Pacifleus : Eng. Franciscan friar, 1695-1774. 
Baker, Phil. : Provost of King'.'" College, Cambridge, 

fl. 1558-1601. 
Baker, Remember : American pioneer, 1740*-1775. 
Baker, Sir Rich. : English historian, 1568-1645. 
Baker, Rich. : Eng. theological writer, 1741-1818. 
Baker, Sir Rich. ChafEey : President of Australian 

Senate, 1842-1911. 
Baker, Rob. ; Eng. voyager to Guinea, fl. 1562-63. 
Baker, Sam. : English divine, -1660*. 
Baker, Sir Sam. White, F.R.S. : English explorer and 

sportsman, 1821-1893. 
Baker, Shirley Waldemar ; English missionary and 

Premier of Tonga, 1835-1903. ( 

Baker, Thos. : Eng. mathem. and div., 1626*-1689. 
Baker, Thos. : English dramatist, fl. 1700-1709. 
Baker, Thos. : Eng. divine and antiquary, 1656-1740. 
Baker, Sk Thos. : Eng. vice-admiral, 1771*-1845. 
Baker, Thos. Barwick Lloyd ; English founder of 

reformatory school system, 1807-86. 
Baker, Sir Thos. Durand : British general, 1837-1893. 
Baker, Yalentiue (Baker Pasha) : Enclish officer and 

Turkish general, 1827-1887. 
Baker, W. de Chair : English cricketer, 1824-1888. 
Baker, Wm. : Bishop of Norwich, 1668-1732. 
Baker, Wm. : English printer, 1742-1785. 
Baker, Wm. : English civil engineer, 1814-1878. 
Baker, Sir Wm. Erskine : British general and en- 

gmeer, 1808-1881. 
Baker, Wm. H. : American portrait and subject 

paluter, 1825-1875. 
Baker, Wm. Mumford : Arner. author, 1825-1883. 
Bakewell, Rob. : English agriculturist and cattle 

breeder, 1725-1795. 
Bakewell, Rob. : English geologist, 1768-1843. 
Bakewell, Wm. Newton : Eng. engineer, 1845-1913. 
Bakhuysen, Ludolt : Dutch marine pntr., 1631-1708. 
Baki (Abd-ol-Baki) : Ottoman lyric poet, -1600. 
Bakker, Pieter Huizmga : Dutch poet, 1713(15)-1801. 
Bakocz, Tamas ; Hungarian cardinal and statesman, 

1442-1521. 
Bakri, Abu Ubaid Abdallah Ibn Abd ul Aziz ul Bakri : 

Arabian geographer, 1040-1094. 
Baksh Khan, Sir Imam : Baluch chief. -1903. 
Bakunin, Mikhail : Russ. anarchist, 1814-1876. 
Baladhuri, Abdul .Ybbas Ahmad ibn Tahya ibn Jabri : 

Persian- Arabian historian, -892. 
Balaguer, Vict. : Span. pol. and author, 1824-1901. 
Balam, Rich. : English mathematician, fl. 1653. 
Balard, Ant. Jfeome : French chemist, 1802-1876. 
Balassa, Balint, Baron of Kekko : Hungarian poet, 

1551-1694. 
Balassi, Mario : Florentine painter, 1604-1667. 
Balatine, Alan : Eng. or Scot, chronicler, fl. 1560. 
Balbaeh, Christ. Karl : Germ, philologist, 1798-1826. 
Balbi, Adriano : Venetian geographer and statis- 
tician, 1782-1848. 
Balbi, Gasp. : Venetian merchant and Oriental 

traveller, fl. 1579-88. 
Balbi, Giov. : Genoese Dominican, fl. 13th cent. 
Balbi, Ludovico : Italian musician and musical com 

poser, -1604*. 
Balbinns : Roman emperor, -238. 
Balbis, Giov. Batt. : Italian botanist, 1765-1831. 
Balbo, Cesare, Ct. : Ital. wr. and statesm.,1789-1853. 
Balbo, Hieron. : Archbishop of Goritz, 1450*-1535. 
Balboa, Vasco Nxmez de : Sp. discoverer, 1475*-1517. 
Balbuena, Bern, de : Spanish poet, 1668-1627. 
Balbus : Roman statesman and author, fl. 72*. 
Balbus, Joh. de Janua (Genua) : Domin., -1298. 
Balcanquhall, Walter ; Scot. Presbyt. div., 1548-1616. 
Balcanquhall, Walter : Scottish divine, 1588*-1646. 
Balcarres, Coimtess of : See Campbell, Anna. 
Balcarres, Earls of : See Lindsay. 
Balch, Geo. B. : Amer. rear-admiral, 1821- 
Balchen, Sir Jno. : British admural, 1660-1744. 
Bald, Alex, : Scottish poet, 1783-1869. 
Baldassare da Siena : See Peruzzl. 
Baldassari, Benedetto : Ital. singer, fl. 1721-1722. 
Balde, Jac. : German Latin poet, 1604-1665. 
Balde de Ubaldis, Pet. : Italian lawj'er and writer, 

1324-1400. 



Baldelli, Franc. : Italian philologist, fl. 16th century. 
Baldenecher, Nicolaus : Germ, music, fl. 1782-1851. 
Balderic, ' Le Ronge ' : Bp. of Noyon, -1097. 
Balderic (Baudry), Bishop of D6le : historian and 

poet, 1050*-1130. ^ , 

Baldl, Bernardino : Italian mathematician, poet and 

phUologist, 1553-16;i7. 
Baldi, Lazzaro : Tuscan historical pntr., 1624-1703. 
Baldinger, Ernst Gottfried : German phj-sician and 

medical writer, 1738-1804. 
Baldini, Baccio : Florentme goldsmith and engraver, 

fl. 1460-1485. 
Baldini, Bernardino : Ital. physician, 1515-1600. 
Baldini, Giov. Ant. : Ital. statesman, 1654-1725. 
Baldini, Giov. Franc. : Italian Vicar-General of 

Somasker, 1677-1763. 
BaMlnucci, Filippo : Florentine artist and writer on 

art, 1624-1696. ^ ^ ^ 

Baldock, Ralph de : Bishop of London and Lord 

OhanceUor, -1313. 
Baldock, Rob. de : Lord Chancellor, -1327. 
Baldock, Sir Rob. : English judge, -1691. 
Baldovinetti, Alessio : Flor. pntr., 1427-1499. 
Baldovini, Franc. : Italian poet, 1635-1716. 
Baldred (Balthere) : Northumbrian saint, -608*. 
Baldred : King of Kent, fl. 823-825. 
Baldrey, Joshua Kirby: English engraver and 

draughtsman, 1754^-1828. 
Balducci, Franc. : Ital. anacreontic poet, 1600-1642. 
Balduccl, Giov. ; Italian painter, -1600. 
Baldnocio, Giov. : Italian sculptor, 1304*-1347. 
Balduooio, Giov., ' Cosoi ' : Flor. pntr., 1560-1600. 
Balduccio, of Pisa : sculptor, fl. 1339. 
Balduinus, Jacobus : Italian jurist, 13th century. 
Baldung, Joh., ' Hans Grun ' : German painter and 

engraver, 1476*-1546. 
Baldus de Ubaldis, Petrus : Ital. jurist, 1327-1406. 
Baldwin : Abbot of St. Edmund's and physician, 

-1098. 
Baldwin I., Emperor of East : 9th Count of Flanders, 

1171-1206. 
Baldwin II. : Emperor of East, 1217-1273. 
Baldwin I., ' Bras de Fer ' : Count of Flanders, 

-879. 
Baldwin 11., ' Le Chauve ' : Count of Flanders, 

-918. 
Baldwin HI. : Count of Flanders, -962. 
Baldwin IV., ' Le Barbu' : a. of Flanders, -1036. 
Baldwin V., ' Le DSbonnaire ' : Count of Flanders, 

-1067. 
Baldwin VI., ' Le Bon ' : Ot. of Flanders, -1070. 
Baldwin VH., ' Hapkln ' : Ct. of Flanders, -1119. 
Baldwin VIIL : Count of Flanders, -1195. 

Baldwin IX. : Count of Flanders. See Baldwin I., 

Emperor of East. 
Baldwin I. : King of Jerusalem, -1118. 
Baldwin II. ; King of Jerusalem, -1131. 
Baldwin III. : King ot Jerusalem, 1130-1162. 
Baldwin IV. : King of Jerusalem, 1160-1185. 
Baldwin V. : King of Jerusalem, -II861. 
Baldwin, of Clare : follower of Kg. Stephen, fl. 1141. 
Baldwin, of Moeles : Sheriff of Devon, -1100*. 
Baldwin, of Redvers : English rebel, -1156. 
Baldwin, Abraham : Amer. statesman, 1754-1807. 
Baldwin, Ant. Hugh : British general, 1863-1915. 
Baldwin, Ashbel : American divine, 1757-1846. 
Baldwin, Geo. : English mystical writer, -1826. 
Baldwin, Hy. : American jurist, 1780-1844. 
Baldwin, Jas. Fowle : Amer. civil engin., 1782-1862. 
Baldwin, Jeduthan : Amer. soldier, 1732-1788. 
Baldwin, Jno. : English chief justice, -1545. 
Baldwin, Jno. Denison : Amer. journ., 1809-1883. 
Baldwin, Jos. G. : Amer. juristand author, -1864. 
Baldwin, Loainmi: Amer. civil engin., 1745-1807. 
Baldwin, Loammi : Amer. civil engin., 1780-1838. 
Baldwin, Matthias Wm. : Amer. engineer, 1795-1366. 
Baldwin, Rich. : Provost of Trinity College, Dublin, 

1672*-1758. 
Baldwin, Rob. : Canadian statesman, 1 804-1858. 
Baldwin, Roger Sherman : Amer. jurist, 1793-1863. 
Baldwin, Theoron : Amer. Conereg. div., 1801-1870. 
Baldwin, Thos. : Archbp. of Canterbury, -1190. 
Baldwin, Thos. ; city archt. of Bath, 1750-1820. 
Baldwin, Thos. : Amer. divine and author, 1753-1825. 
Baldwin, Sir Tim. : English lawj^er and law writer, 

1620-1696. 
Baldwin, Wm.: Eng. schoolman and div., fl. 1547. 



36 



BALDWIN 



DICTIONAEY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGEAPHY 



BALUZE 



Baldwin (Bawden) Wm. : Eng. Jesuit, 1563-1632. 
BaldwuU (Beadwulf, Badulf) : Bishop of Whithern 

(Candida Ca.3a), -803*. 
Baldwin, Edw. : Eng. pamphleteer, 1746-1817. 
Bale, Sir Hy. ; S. African Btateeman, 1854-1910. 
Bale, Jno. : Bp. of O.'iBorv and writer, 140.5-1563. 
Bale, Rob. : English chronicler, fl. 146 J . 
Bale, Rob. : Ent^. Carmelite and anna1i>t, -1503. 
Balichon, Jean Jos. ; Fr. engraver. 1719-1764. 
Balelli : Italian-English singer, fl. 1787-1788. 
Balen, Hendrilt van : Dutch painter, 1560-1632. 
Balen, Jan van : Dutch painter, 1611- 
Bales (Bavles), aliax Bvers, Christopher ; English 

Roman Catholic priest, -1589(90). 
Balesdns), Peter : English penman, 1547-1610*. 
Balestier, Wolratt : American author. 1861-1891. 
Balestra, Ant. : Veronese hist, pntr,, 1666-1740. 
Haley, Walter : See Bayley. 
Balfe, Jno. Donellan : Irish politician and Tanmanian 

joumalbt, 1816-1880. 
Balfe, Mich. Wm. : Irish mus. eomp., 1808-1870. 
Balfe, Victoria : See Cmmpton. 
Balfour, Ale.x. : Scottish novelist and miscellaneous 

writer, 1767-1829. 
Balfour, Sir And. : Scottish botanist, 1630-1694. 
Balfour, Clara Lucas : English lecturer and authoress, 

1808-1878. 
Balfour, Edw. Green : Scottish surgeon - general, 

and writer on India, 1S13-1«89. 
Balfour, Fes. : Anglo-Ind. raed. officer, fl. 1812, 
Balfour, Fes. Maltland, F.E.S. : Soot, nat., 1851-82. 
Balfour, Sir Geo. : Scot, general and pol„ 1809-1894. 
Balfour, Geo. Wm. : Scottish physician and medical 

writer, 1823-1903. 
Balfour, Sir Jas., of Pittendreich : Scottish judge 

and Dolitician, -1583*. 

Balfour, Sir Jas. : Scot, antiq. and hist., ]600*-1657. 
Balfour, Jas., of Pikig ; Scot, advocate, 1705-1795. 
Balfour, Jas, : Scot- Austral, politician, 1830-1913. 
Balfour, Jno. : 3rd Ld. Baifoiu- of Burleigh, -1688. 
Balfour, Jno. Blair, 1st Barou Kinross of Glascime : 

Scottish judge, 1837-1905. 
Balfour, Jno. Button, F.E.S. : Scot, hot., 1808-84. 
Balfour, Nlsbet : British general, 1743-1823. 
Balfour, Bob. : Scot. philos. and philol., 1550»-1625*. 
Balfour, Rob., 2nd Lord Balfour of Burlcigli : 

militarj' commander, -1663. 

Balfour, Rob,, 5th Lord Balfour of Burleigh : .Jacobite, 

-1757. 
Balfour, Thos. Graham, F.R.S. : Scottish physician, 

1813-91. 
Balfour, Walter : Amer. div. and author, 1776-1852. 
Balfour, Sir Wm. : Scot. pari, general, -1660. 
Balfour, Wm. : English lieut.-coloncl, 1785-183S. 
Balgny, Chas. : English physician, 1708-1767. 
Balguy, Jno. : English Bangorian controversialist, 
' philosopher and divine, 1686-1748. 
Balguy, Thos. : English divine, 1716-1795. 
Balhorn, Ludw. Wilh. : German philol., -1777. 
Balier, Hein. der ; German sculptor, fl. 1385-1396. 
Ballol, Alex, de : Lord of Cavers and Chamberlain of 

Scotland, fl. 1246«-1309«. 
Baliol, Bern, de, the Elder : Scot, baron, fl. 1135-1167. 
Ballol, Bern, de, the Younger : Scot, baron, fl. 1167. 
Ballol, Bdw. de : King of Scotland, -1363. 
Ballol, Hy. de : Chamberlain of Scotland, -1246. 
Baliol, Jno, de : Regent of Scotland and founder of 

Baliol College, Oxford, -1269. 
Ballol, Jno. de : Kmg of Scotland, 1249-1315. 
Ball, Sir Alex. Jno. : British rear-admiral and 

Governor ol Malta 1759-1809. 
Ball, And. ; British naval captain, -1653. 
Ball, Dyer : Amer. physn. and educat., 1796-1866. 
Ball, Bphraim : American inventor, 1812-1872. 
Ball, Frances, ' Mother Frances Mary Theresa ' ■ 

Irish foundress of convent, 1794-1861. 
Ball, Hannah : Eng. Wesieyan Methodist, 1734-1792. 
Ball, Jno. : English priest and rebel, -13S1. 
Ball, Jno. : English Puritan divine, 1685-1640. 
Ball, Jno., F.R.S. : Irish poUtician, naturalist and 

Alpine traveller, 1818-1889. 
Ball, Jno. : Eng. Presbyterian minister, 1665*-1746. 
Ball, Jno. Thos. ; Lord Chanc. of Ireland. 1815-1898. 
Ball, Nath. : English divine, 1623-1681. 
Ball, Nlch, : Irish judge, 1791-1865. 
Ball (Balle), Pet., F.R.S. ; Bag. physn., -1675. 
Ball, Rob. : Irish naturalist, 1802-1857. 



Ball, Sir Hob. Stawell, F.B.S. : Irish astronomer and 

astronomical writer, 1840-1913. 
Ball, Sam. : English writer on t«a, 1780-1874. 
Ball, Thos. : EngUsh Puritan divine, 1590-1659. 
Ball, Thos. : American sculptor, 1819- 
Ball, Valentine, F.R.S. : Irish geologist, 184.'J-1895. 
Ball (BaUe), Wm., F.E.S. : Eng. astron., -1690. 

Ballanee, Jno. : Irish Prem. ol TS. Zealand, 1839-93. 
Ballanche, Pierre Simon : French philos., 1776-1847. 
Ballanden ; See Bellenden. 
Ballantine, Jas. : Scottish painter on glass and 

litterateur, 1808-1877. 
Ballantine, Wm. : Eng. serjeant-at-law, 1812-1887. 
Ballantyne, Jas., of Edinburgh : printer and 

journalist, 1772-1833. 
Ballantyne, Jas. Rob,, of Benares : Scottish Orien- 
talist, -1864. 
Ballantyne, Jno. : Scottish publisher, 1774-1821. 
Ballantyne, Jno. : Scottish divine, 1778-1830. 
Ballantyne, Rob. Mich. : Scot. wr. for boys, 182.5-94. 
Ballantyne, Thos. : Scottish journalist, 1806-1871. 
Ballantyne, Wm. : See Ballenden. 
Ballard, Bland : American pioneer, 1761-1853. 
Ballard, Edw. Geo. : Eng. mlscell. wr., 1791-1860. 
Ballard, Geo. : Eng. biog. and antiq., 1706-1755. 
Ballard, Hy. E. : Arnerican naval officer, 1785-1855. 
Ballard, Jno. : English E.G. priest, -1586. 
Ballard, Jno. Arch. : British general, 1829-1880. 
Ballard, Sam. Jas. : Brit, vice-admiral, 1764»-1S29. 
Ballard, Volant Vaahon : Brit, rear-adm., 1774»-1832. 
Ballarini, Simone : Italian librarian, 1716-1770*. 
Ballasteros, Quiroga ; Span, statesman, -1908. 
Ballenden (Ballantyne), Wm. : Scottish Roman 

Catholic divine, 1616-1661. 
Ballesteros, Franc. : Spanish general, 1770-1832. 
Ballestrem, Count Franz : German pol., 1834-1910 
Balleviaii, Adolfo : President of Bolivia, -1874. 
Ballew (Bellewe), Hy. : English lawyer, 1707-1782. 
Ballexserd, Jacques : med. wr. at Geneva, 1726-1774. 
Ballin, Claude : French goldsmith, 1615-1678. 
Ballingall, Sir Geo., F.R.S. : Hegins Profe3.sor of 

Military Surgery in Edinburgh, 1780-1855. 
Balllol : See Baliol. 

BalUston, Sir Alf. : British naval captain, -1895. 
BaUois, Louis Jos. PIiiL : Fr. statistical wr., 1778-1803. 
Ballou, Hosea : American Universalist divine and 

author, 1771-1852. 
Ballon, Hosea : American Universalist divine and 

author, 1796-1861. 
Ballon, Maturin Murray : American pioneer in 

illustrated journalism and writer, 1820-1895. 
Bally, Jno. Ford : British general, 1845-1912. 
Balmaceda, Jos6 Manuel : Pres. of ChiU, 183S-1891. 
Balmer, Franc. Javier ; Span. surg. and nat., fl. 1803. 
Baimer, Geo. : English painter, -1846. 
Balmer, Rob. : Scot. div. and theologian, 1787-1844. 
Balmerino, Lords : See Elphinstone. 
Balmes, Jaime Luciano : Span, politician, ecclesiastic, 

theologian and philosopher, 1810-1848. 
Balmford, Jas. ; English divine, 1556- 
Balmford, Sam. : English Puritan divine, -1659*. 
Balmyle (Balmule), Kich. de : Chancellor of Scotland 

and Bishop of Dunblane, -1320*. 
Balnaves, Hy. : Scottish politician and Cahiuistic 

divine, 1512*-1579. 
Balnea, Hy. de : Eng. Carthusian monk, fl. 1400*. 
Balsham, Hugh de : Bishop of Ely and founder of 

Peterhouse, Cambridge, -1286. 
Balta, Jos6 : President of Peru, -1872. 
Baltard, Louis Pierre : French architect, painter and 

engraver, 1764-1846. 
Baltard, Victor : French architect, 1805- 
Baltazarini : Italian violmist, fl. 1577-1581. 
Baltes, Pet. Jos. ; Amer. divine and writer, 1S27-1886. ' 
Balthasar, Christophe : Fr. Prot. theol., 1588-1670*. 
Balther, Saint : Presbyter of Lindisfame, -756. 
Baltieus, Mart. (Job.) : German philol., 1532-1601. 
Baltimore, Earls of ; See Calvert. 
Baltroddi, Walter de : Bp. of Caithness, -1270. 
Baltus , Joh. Franz : Jesuit of Metz and wr. , 1667-1743 . 
Baltzar,Tho8.,of Lubeck: viol, in England, 1630*-63. 
Baltzer, Rich. ; German mathematician 1818-1887. 
Balue, Jean de la : French cardinal, minister of 

Louis XI. and intriguer, 1421-1491. 
Baluffl, Gaetano : Italian eccles. hist., 1798-1866. 
Balnn, Jno. de : See Baalun. 
Baluze, Etienne : Fr. scholar, 1630-1718. 



37 



BALV 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BAPTISTE 



Baly, Wm., F.E.S. : English physician, 1814-1861. 
Balzac, Honors de ; French novelist, 1799-1850. 
Balzac, Jean Louis Guez de : Fr. writer, 1594-1654. 
Bamberger, Ferd. ; Germ, philologist, 1810-1855. 
Bamberger, Fried. : German marine and landscape 

painter, 1814-1873. 
Bamberger, Hein. von : Austrian professor o£ 

medicine, 1822-1888. 
Bamberger, Ludw. : German politician, political 

writer and man ol letters, 1823-1899. 
Bambocci, Ant. : Italian painter, architect, sculptor 

and brassfounder, 1368*-1435. 
Bamboccio (Bamboche) : See Pet. van Laer. 
Bambridge, Christopher : See Bainbrldge. 
Bambridge, Thos. : Warden ot Fleet Prison, fl. 1729. 
Bamfleld, Fes. : Eng. Ejected Nonconf ., -1684. 
Bamford, Sam, : English Labour politician, weaver 

and poet, 1788-1872. 
Bampfleld, Sir Coplestone : Eng. Royalist, 1636-91. 
Bampfleld, Jos. : Eng. Eoyalist colonel, fl. 1639-85. 
Bampfleld, Thos. : Speaker of House of Commons, 

-1693. 
Bampfylde, Coplestone Warre : Eng. pntr., -1791. 
Bampfylde. Jno. Codrington : Eng. poet, 1754-1796. 
Bampton, tlno. : English theologian, fl. 1340. 
Bampton, Jno. ; English divine and founder of the 

Bampton Lecture, 1690*-1761. 
Banaji, Framji Cowasji : Indian Parsee merchant, 

agriculturist and philanthropist 1767-1851. 
Banastre, Alard : Sheriff of Oxfordshire, fl. 1174 
Banbury, Earl of : See Znollys. 
Bancal des Issarts, Jean Hen. ; French Kevolu- 

tiouLst, 1750-1826. 
Banchierl, Adriano : Italian musician, poet, com- 
poser and writer, 1557*-1634. 
Banchinns : See Bankyn. 

Banck, Jno. -vander : Eng. portrait pntr, 1694 *-1739. 
Banck, Karl : Germ, music, and comp., 1809-1889. 
Banck, Laur. : Swedish civilian, -1662. 
Banck, Pet. van der ; Dutch line engraver in Eng- 
land, 1649-1697. 
Bancroft, Aaron : American divine, 1755-1839. 
Bancroft, Edw., F.U.S. : American-English chemist 

and naturalist, 1744-1821. 
Bancroft, Edw. iE^ath ; English physician and 

author, 1772-1842. 
Bancroft, Geo. : Eng. divine and translator, fl. 1548, 
Bancroft, Geo. : Amer. hist, and statesm., 1800-1891. 
Bancroft, Jno. : Master of University College and 

Bishop of Oxford, 1674-1640. 
Bancroft, Jno. : Eng. dramatist and surg., -1696. 
Bancroft, Kich. : Archbishop of Canterbury, 1544- 

1610. 
Bancroft, Thos. : English poet, fl. 1633-1658. 
Bancroft, Thos. : Eng. vicar of Eolton, 1756-1811. 
Bandarra, Gonz. Eannes : Port, poet, -1556*. 
Bandel, Ern. von : German sculptor, 1800-1876. 
Bandello, Matt. : Ital. novelist and poet, 1480-1562. 
Banderali, Davidde : ItaUan singer, 1789-1849. 
Bandlera, Attiho : Italian patriot, 1811-1844. 
Bandiera, BmUio : Italian patriot, 1819-1844. 
Bandinel, Bulkeley : Eng. Bodleian libr., 1781-1861. 
Bandinel, Dav. : Dean of Jersey, -1644-45. 
Bandinel, Jas. : English Civil servant, 1783-1849. 
BandinelU, Baccio or Bart. : Flor. sculp.. 1493-1560. 
Bandini, Angiolo Maria : Florentine antiquary and 

bibliographer, 1726-A800. 
Bandini, Juan : American politician, 1800-1859. 
Bandula, Mengyee Maha : Burmese statesman and 

general, -1825. 
Banduri, Anselmo ; Italian Benedictine and anti- 
quary, 1671-1743. 
Bane (Benn), Jas. : Bishop of St. Andrews and 

Lord Chamberlain, -1332. 
Baner (Banier, Bannier), Joh. von : Swedish general, 

1596-1641. 
Banerjea, Durgagati : Indian official, 1838-1903. 
Banerjea, Krishna Mohan ; Indian convert to 

Christianity, professor, linguist and writer, 1813-85. 
Banerji, Hem Chandra : Indian lawyer and poet, 

1838-1902. 
Banes, Dom. : See Bannes. 
Banestre, Gilb. : ' Master of the Children of the Royal 

Chapel," and musical composer, fl. 1482-1483. 
BanSy, Bar. Desiderius : Hung. Premier, 1843-1911. 
Bang, Anton Christ. ; Norwegian historian and 

Bishop of Christiania, 1840-1913. 



Bang, Pehr : Swedish divine, 1633-1696. 

Bang, Thos. : Finnish philologist, 1600-1661. 

Bangor, Hugh : See Hugh of Bangor. 

Bangs, Fes. Nehemiah : Amer. lawyer, 1828-1885. 

Bangs, Nathan : American divine and controversialist, 

1778-1862. 
Banier, Ant. : French pliilologist, 1673-1741. 
Banim, Jno. : Irish novelist and dram., 1798-1842. 
Banim, Mich. : Irish novelist, 1796-1874. 
Banister, Hy. Chas. : English 'cellist, 1831-1897. 
Banister (Banester), Jno. : EngUsh physician and 

surgical writer, 1540-1610. 
Banister, Jno. : Eng. viol, and mus. comp., 1630-1679. 
Banister, Jno. : English botanist, -1692*. 
Banister, Rich. : English oculist, -1624. 
Banister, Sir Wm. : Bar. of the Bxoheq., -1721. 
Banke, Rich. : English judge, fl. 1410. 
Bankert, Adrian : Dutch admiral, -1684. 
Barikert, Jos. van Trappen : Dutch adm., -1646*. 
Bankes, Geo. : Eng. Bar. of the Bxcheq., 1788-1856. 
Bankes, Hv. : English historian, 1757-1834. 
Bankes, Sir Jno. : Eng. Lord Chief Justice, 1589-1644. 
Bankes, Lady Mary : English heroine of Corfe 

Castle, -1661. 
Bankes, Wm. Jno. : Eng. Eastern trav., -1855. 
Bankhead, Jas. : Amer. brig.-general, 1783-1856. 
Bankbead, Jno. : Irish Presbyt. minister, 1738-1833. 
Banks : Scottish showman, fl. 1588-1637. 
Banks, Ben. : English violin maker, 1750-1796. 
Banks, Dav. : American publisher, 1786-1871. 
Banks, Sir Edw. : English builder, 1769*-1835. 
Banks, Geo. Linnaeus : Eng. miscell. wr., 1821-1881. 
Banks, Isabella {«^e Varley) : English poet and 

novelist, 1821-1897. 
Banks, Jno, : English dramatist, fl. 1696. 
Banks, Jno. : English bookseller and miscellaneous 

writer, 1709-1751. 
Banks, Jno. Sherbrooke : English soldier. 1811-1857. 
Banks, Sir Jno. Thos. : Irish physician, 1815*-1908. 
Banks, Sir Jos., P.R.S. : Eng. naturalist, 1743-1820. 
Banks, Nath. Prentiss : American statesman, 

general and Speaker of House of Representatives, 

1816-1894. 
Banks, Sarah Sophia : English naturalist, 1744-1818. 
Banks, Thos., R.A. : English sculptor, 1736-1805. 
Banks, Thos. Christopher: English general, 1765-1854. 
Banks, Sir Wm. Mitchell : Scottish surg,, 1842-1904. 
Banks, Wm. Stott : English antiquary, 1820-1872. 
Bankwell (Bakwell, Banquelle), Jno. de : English 

judge, -1308. 
Bankwell, Roger de : English judge, fl. 1340, 
Bankyn (Banekyne), Jno. : Enjlish Augustinian 

friar, fl. 1382. 
Bannard, Jno. : English Augustinian friar, fl. 1412. 
Bannatyne, Geo. : Scottish antiquary, 1545-1608*. 
Bannatyne, Rich.: Scot. sec. to Jno. Knox, -1605. 
Bannatyne, Sir Wm. Macleod : Scottish judge and 

writer, 1743-1833. 
Banneker, Ben. : American mathem., 1731-1806. 
Bannerman, Alex. : English engraver, fl. 1766. 
Bannerman, Sir Alex. : Brit. col. gov., 1783-1864. 
Bannerman, Anne : Scottish poetess, -1829. 
Bannerman, Sir Hy. Campbell: See Campbell-Banner- 

man. 
Bannerman, .Tas. : Scottish theologian, 1807-1868. 
Bannerman, Wm. : Anglo-Indian general, 1828-1914. 
Bannes, Dom. : Spanish writer on Aristotle and the 

Fathers, 1538-1604. 
Bannier (Banner), Joh. Gust, von : Swedish general. 

1596*-1641. 
Bannister, Chas.: Eng. actor and vocalist, 1738-180*. 
Bannister, Jno. : English comedian, 1760-1836. 
Bannister, Jno. : English philologist, 1816-1873. 
Bannister, Saxe : English miscell. writer, 1790-1877. 
Bansley, Chas. : English poet, fl. 1548. 
Banti, Brigida Georgi : Italian singer, 1759-1806. 
Banting, Wm,: English wr. on corpulence, 1797-1878. 
Bantock, Geo. Granville : English surgeon and medi- 
cal writer, 1837-1913. 
Banvard, Jos. : Amer. miscell. writer, 1810- 
Banville, Theod. Ifaullain de : French poet and 

miscellaneous writer, 1823-1891. 
Banyer, Hy. : English medical writer, fl. 1739. 
Bapst, Valentin : German printer and boolcseller. 

fl. 1530-1545. 
Baptiste, Jean Bapt,, ' Monnoyer ' : Flemish-English 

painter of fruit and flowers, 1636-1099, 



38 



BAPTISTE 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BAB CLAY 



Baptiste, Jno. Gaspai- : Flcmish-Enslish painter ol 

drapery and background, -1691. 
Baptiste Anet : Frencli violinist, -1755. 
Baptlstin, Jean Bapt. Struclt ; Itaiian musical com- 
poser, 1690*-1755. 
Bar, Frang. de : Frencli scholar, 1538-lSOG. 
BSr, Franz Josel : Swiss-Qerm. engineer, 1809-1890. 
Bat HebrtBus: Syrian scholar and Catholicus ol the 

Jacobite Church, 1226-1286. 
Bar, Karl Ludw. von : German jurist, 1836-191S. 
Bar, Seligmann : German Orientalist, 1825-1897. 
Barabbino, Simone : Italian painter, 1585*- 
Barach, Moritz, ' Dr. M. Marzroth ' : Austrian writer 

and poet, 1818-1888. 
Baradseus, ' Zanzalufl Jacobus ' : .See Jacob. 
Baraga, .Fried. : Austrian Roman Catholic Bishop of 

Marciuette and Indian philologist, 1797-1868. 
Baraguay d'Hilliers, Louis : Marshal of France, 1795- 

1854. 
Barahona de Soto, Luis : Spanish poet, 1535*-1595. 
Baralt, Rafael Maria : Spanish- Amer. poet, 1810- . 
Baranda, Fed. Sainz de : Hex. nav. off., 1787-1846. 
Baranoff, Alex. Andrevich ; Governor of Rus.sian 

America, 1746-1819. 
Barante, Amable Guil. Prosper Brugitae, Baron de : 

French historian and statesman, 1782-1866. 
Baranzano, Giov. Ant. Redemptus : Pledmontese 

mathematician, 1590-1622. 
Baratier, Joh. Phil. : German scholar, 1721-1740. 
Baratieri, Gtn. : Italian general, 1841-1901. 
Baratynski, Jewgenij Abramovich : Russian poet, 

1800-1844. 
Barba, Alvarez Alonzo : Spanish priest and metal- 
lurgist, fl. 1720. 
Barba, Pedro : 1st Governor of Havana, fl. 1520. 
Barbacena, F. C. Brant, Marquis of : Brazilian soldier 

and statesman, 1772-1341. 
Barbadillo, Alonso Geronimo de Salas : Spanish 

dramatist, 1680*-1630. 
Barbadoro, Bart. ; Florentine philologist, fl. 16th rent. 
Barbaja, Dom. : Italian-Austrian theatre director, 

1778-1841. 
Barbar, Thos. : English divine, fl. 1587. 
Barbarelli, Giorgio (Giorgione) ; Venetian painter, 

1477-1511. 
Barbarlni, Franc. : Italian poet, 1264-1348. 
Barbarini, Franz ; Austrian landscape painter and 

engraver, 1804-1873. 
Barbarj, Jacopo de (J.acob Walch and Master of the 

Caduceus) : Venetian pntr. andengrav,. 1450*- 
Barbaro, Dan. : Venetian diplomatist, 1528-1569. 
Barbaro, Dan. : Coadjutor Patriarch of Aquileia and 

philologist, 1513(14)-1674*. 
Barbaro, Ermolao : Bishop of A'erona, scholar and 

translator of ^sop, 1410*-1471. 
Barbaro, Ermolao, of Venice ; Patriarch of Aquileia, 

scholar and translator of Aristotle, 1454-1493. 
Barbaro, Franc. • Procurator of St. Mark's, Venice, 

1398-1454. 
Barbarossa ; See Frederick I., Emperor. 
Barbarossa I., Horush: Corsair Kingof Algiers, 1474*- 

1518. 
Barbarossa II., Hader (Khair Eddin) : Corsair Eing of 

Algiers, -1546. 

Barbaroux, Chas. Jean Marie : French scientific 

writer and revolutionist, 1767-1794. 
Barbatelli, Bernardino, ' Poccetti ' : Italian painter, 

1642-1612. 
Barbauld, Anna Lsetitia («^e Ailcin) ; English poetess 

and miscellaneous writer, 174.3-1825. 
Barbazan, Arn. Guil., ' Le Chevalier sans Reproche ' : 

French general, -1432*. 
Barbazan, Btienne : French writer, 1696-1770. 
Barbe, ' Bstlier ' : Queen of Poland, -1625. 
Barb6-Marbois, Fran?., Marq. de : Fr. pol., 1745-1837. 
Barbe Radziwll, Queen of Poland : wife of Sigismund 

Augustus, -1551. 

Barbeau de la Bruy6re, Jean Louis : French man of 

letters, 1710-1781. 
BarbeIla,Emanuele: Italian violinist and musical com- 
poser, -1773. 
Barber, Ohas. : English landscape painter, -1864. 
Barber, Chas. Burton: Eng. anim. pntr., 1846-1.'<94. 
Barber, Chas. Chapman : English barrister. -1SS2. 
Barber, Christopher : Bug. min. painter, 1736-lSlO. 
Barber, Bdw. : English Baptist minister, -1674*. 
Barber, Pes. ; American adjutant-general, 1751-1783. 



Barber, Jno. ; English divine and civilian ; friend 

of Cranmer, -1549. 
Barber, Jno. Warner : Amer. historian, 1798-1885. 
Barber, Jos. : English landscape painter. 1757-181] . 
Barber, Mary : Irish poetess, 1 690*-1757. 
Barber, Mary Augustine : Amer. educat., 1789-1860. 
Barber, Bam. ; Irish Presbyterian divine, 1738*-1811. 
Barber du Bourg, Jacques : French physician and 

botanist, 1709-1779. 
Barberinl, Ant. : French cardinal. Archbishop of 

Reims and ambassador, 1608-1671. 
Barberino : See also Urban VIII., Pope. 
Barberino (Barbarino), Franc. : Ital. poet, 1264-1348. 
Barbte, Armand : French Socialist, 1809-1870. 
Barbey d' Aurevilly, Jules Am6d6e ; French litterateur, 

1808-1889. 
Barbeyrac, Chas. : French physician, 1629-1699. 
Barbeyrac, Jean : French historical and juridical 

writer, 1674-1744. 
Barbie d'Aucourt, Jean : French anti-Je-suit writer, 

1641-1694. 
Barbie da Bocage, Alex. Franf. : French Biblical 

geographer, 1798-1835. 
Barbie du Bocage, Jean Denis : Fr. geog., 1760-1825. 
Barbier, Ant. Alex. : Fr. Ubr. and bibliog., 1765-1825. 
Barbier, Hen. Aug, : Fr. dramatist and poet, 1805-82. 
Barbiei, Jules : French dramatist, 1824-1901. 
Barbier, Louis (AbbS de la RiviSre) : French bishop, 

1593-1670. 
Barbiere, Domenico del (Domenico Fiorentino) : 

Florent. painter, sculptor and engraver, 1506*- 
Barbierl, Francesco (Da Legnano) : ItaUan historian 

and landscape painter, 1623-1698. 
Barbier!, Francisco Asenjo : Spanish musical com- 
poser and critic, 1823-1894. 
Barbleri, Giov. Francesco (Guercino) : ItaUan 

religious and mythical painter, 1591-1666. 
Barbieri, Paolo Ant.: ItaL pntr. of still life, 1596-1640. 
Barbireau, Barbiriau, Barbicola, Barbyriauus. Bar- 
barian. Baruyrianus and Barbingant, Jacques : 

Flemish musician, -1491. 
Barbon, Nich. : English founder of Fire Insurance 

and economist, 1640*-1698. 
Barbon (Barebone, Barebones), Praise-God: English 

Anabaptist, 1696*-1679. 
Barbosa, Arias (Ayres) : Portuguese scholar and 

reviver of learning, -1530. 
Barbosa, Augustino : Portuguese canonist, 1590-1649. 
Barbosa, Eman. : Portuguese lawyer, 1648*-1638. 
Barbosa, Pedro : Portuguese lawyer, -1606. 
Barbou, Jean : French printer, fl. 1539. 
Barbon, Jean Jos. ; printer at Paris, -1752. 
Barbou, Jos. : printer at Paris, -1737. 
Barbou, Jos. G6rard : classical printer at Paris, 

1715-1813. 
Barbou, Hugues : French printer, fl, 1580. 
Barbou, Hugues : French printer, -1808. 
Barbour, Jas. : American statesman, 1775-1342. 
Barbour, Jno. ; Scot, poet and hist., 1316*-1395. 
Barbour, Jno. Merrett ; Amer. judge, 1807-1881. 
Barbour, Jno. S. : American poUtician, 1790-1856. 
Barbour, Lucien : American jurist, 1811- 
Barbour, Oliver Lorenzo : Amer. legal wr., 1811- 
Barboux, Henri : French barrister, -1910. 
Barby, Joh. Hein. Christ. : Germ, philol., 1765-1837. 
Barca, Franc. : Spanish statesman, 1831-1883. ' 
Barcena, Alfonso de ; Spanish gram., 1666-1723. 
Barcham, Jno. : See Barkham. 
Barchochebas (Shimeon Bar Cochba) : Bagdad Jewish 

pseudo-Messiah, -135(6). 
Bsrchusen (Barkhausen), Joh. Conrad • German 

philosopher, physician and chemist, 1666-1723. 
Barcin, And. Gonz.de : Span, historian, -174.3. 
Barclay, Alex. ; Scottish poet, scholar and divine, 

1476*-1562. 
Barclay, And. Whyte : Scottish physician, 18I7-.S4. 
Barclay, Dav. : Scot. Royalist and Quaker, 1610- 
Barclay, Sir Geo. : Scot, conspirator, fl. 1696. 
Barclay, Hugh : Scottish lawyer, 1799-1884. 
Barclay, Jno. : Scottish satirist and Latin poet. 

1582-1621. 
Barclay, Jno. : Scottish divme, 1645-1710. 
Barclay, Jno. : Scottish divme and founder of 

Bereans (Barclayans), 1734-1798. 
Barclay, Jno. : Brit, general of marines, 1741-1823. 
Barclay, Jno. : Scottish anatomist, 1758-1826. 
Barclay, Jos. : Bishop in Jerusalem, 1831-1879. 



39 



BARCLAY 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BABKHAM 



Barclay, Bob. : Soot. Quaker writer and Governor of 

New Jerspy, 1648-1690. 
Barclay, Rob. : British soldier, 1774-1811. 
Barclay, Captain Bob. : See Allardice. 
Barclay, Bob. : Eng. eccles. historiographer, 1833-76. 
Barclay, Bob. H. ; British naval officer, -1837. 
Barclay, Thos. : Scottish professor at Toulouse and 

Poitiers, fi. 1620. 
Barclay, Thos. : Princ. of Glasgow Univ., 1792-1873. 
Barclay, Thos. : Adj.-Gen. of Nova Scotia, 1763-1830. 
Barclay, Wm. : Scot, jurist in France, 1546-1608. 
Barclay, Wm. : Scot, miscell. writer, 1570*-1630*. 
Barclay, Wm. : Eng. miniature painter, 1797-1869. 
Barclay de ToUy, Mich. Andreas : Buasian Seld- 

marshal, 1761-1818. 
Barco Centenera : Spanish poet, fl. 16th century. 
Barcocbab : See Sarchochebas. 
Barcos, Mart, de : French Jansenist, 1600-1678. 
Barcrotte, Thos. : English musical composer and 

divine, -1610*. 
Bard, Hy., Viscount Bellamont : British soldier and 

diplomatist, 1604*-1660. 
Bard, Jno. • Amer. physn. and med. wr., 1716-1799. 
Bard, Sam. : Amer. phy.sn. and med. wr., 1742-1821. 
Bard, Wm. : Amer. promoter of Life Insurance, 

1777-1853. 
Bardaisan : Christian teacher in Mesopotamia and 

writer, 164-222. 
Bardanes (Philippicus) : Emperor of the East, 

fl. 711-713. 
Bardelby, Bob. de : English judge, fl. 1323. 
Bardelebeu, Adolf von ; Germ, physn., 1819-1896. 
Bardella,Ant. Neldi: Ital. music, 16th and 17th cents. 
Bardesanes, of Edessa : heresiarch, fl. 172*. 
Bardet, Pierre : French advocate, 1591-1685. 
Bardili, Ohfistoph Gottfried : Germ, philos.,1761-1808. 
Bardili, Wilh. Hein. : German librarian, 1789-1847. 
Bardin, Pierre : French academician and writer, * Le 

Grand Chambellan de France,' 1590-1637. 
Bardney,Bich. of ; Bug. Benedictine and biog., fl, 1503. 
Bardolt, Hugh : English justiciar of the Curia Regis, 

-1203. 
Bardolt, Thos., Baron Bardolf : warrior, 1368-1408. 
Bardolt, Wm, : English baronial leader and lord of 

Wirmgay, -1275(6). 
Bardolph : See Bardolf. 
Bardon, Michel Franc. Dandr6 : French painter and 

engraver 1700-1783. 
Bardou-Duhamel : See Duharael. 
Bardoux, Ag^nor : French statesman, 1829-1897. 
Bardsley, Sir Jas. Lomax : Eng. physn., 1801-1876. 
Bardsley, Sam. Argent ; Eng. physn., 1764-1851. 
Bardsley, Jno. Wareing : Bp. of Carlisle, 1835-1904. 
Bardwell, Thos. : Eng. port, painter, -1780*. 
Barebones, Praise-God : See Barbon. 
Bareith, Frederice Sophie Willielmine, Margravine 

of, 1709-1758. 
Barenger, Jas. : English animal painter, 1788-1831. 
Barent Van Brussel : See Orley. 
Barents or Barentsen, Dietrich : Dutch historical and 

portrait painter, 1534-1692. 
Barents, Willem : Dutch navigator, -1697. 
Barere de Vieuzac, Bertrand ; Fr. revol., 1755-1841. 
Baret (Barret), Jno. : Eng. lexicographer, -1580*. 
Baretti, Gius. Marcantonio : Italian lexicographer 

and miscellaneous writer, 1719-1789. 
Barfl, Alb. : English divine, 1828-1913. 
Barff, Sam. : English promoter of Greeic Independ- 
ence, 1793*-1880. 
Barford, Wm. : Eng. scholar and divine, -1792. 
Bartus, Paul : German engraver, 1823-1895. 
Bargseus : See Angelio. 

Bargagli, Scipione ; Tuscan writer, -1612. 
Bargiel, Woldemar : German musician and com- 
poser, 1828-1897. 
Bargrave, Isaac : English divine and Royal chaplain, 

1586-1643. 
Bargrave, Jno. : English divine, 1610-1680. 
Barham, Ohas. Foster : Eng. physician, 1804-18S4. 
Barham, Chas. Middleton : See Middleton, Chas. 
Barham, Fes. Foster, ' The Alist ' ; English editor 

and theologian, 1808-1871. 
Barham, Sir Geo. : English expert on dairying, 

1836-1913. 
Barham, Hy., F.R.S. : English writer on natural 

history, -1726. 
Barham, Nich. : English lawyer, -1577. 



Barham, Rich. Harris : English divine and humorist, 
• Ingoldsby Legends,' 1788-1845. 

Barham, Thos. Foster : English musician and 
miscellaneous writer, 1766-1844. 

Barham, Thos. Foster : English physician and 
classical scholar, 1794-1869. 

Barham, Wm. Foster : EngUah poet, 1802-1847*. 

BariUon, Hen. de : Bp. of Lucon, 1639-1699. 

Barine, Mme Arvftde (Mme Chas. Vincent) : French 
essayist, 1840-1908. 

Baring, Alex., 1st Baron Ashburton : financier and 
statesman, 1774-1848. 

Baring, Chas. : Bishop of Durham, 1807-1879. 

Baring, Eberhard : Germ. sold, and philol., 1608-1659. 

Baring, Sir Fes. : London merchant, 1740-1810. 

Baring, Sir Fes. Thornhill, lord Northbrook: states- 
man, 1796-1866. 

Baring, Harriet, Lady Ashburton : English social 
leader, -1857. 

Baring, Thos. : Eng. financier, 1799-1873. 

Baring, Thos. Geo., 1st Earl of Northbrook : states- 
man, 1826-1904. 

Baring, Wm. Bingham, 2nd Baron Ashburton : 
statesman, 1799-1864. 

Barker, And. : merchant of Bristol, -1577 . 

Barker, Ben., ol Bath t Kng. lands, pntr.. 1776-1838. 

Barker, Chas., Spackman : Englisli-French organ 
builder, 1806-1879. 

Barker, Sir Christopher : English Garter King of 
Arms, -1549. 

Barker (Barkar), Christopher : English, printer, 
1529*-1699. 

Barker, Collet : Australian explorer, 1784-1831. 

Barker, Bdmond : English physician, 1721-1780*. 

Barker, Edm. Hy. : Eng. class, schol.. 1788-1839. 

Barker, Fc3. : Irish medical writer, -1859*. 

Barker, Fred. : 2nd Bishop of Sydney and Metro- 
politan of Australia, 1808-1882. 

Barker, Geo. of Birmingham : Enclish benefactor, 
1776-1845. 

Barker, Sir Geo. Digby : Brit, general and colonial 
governor, 1833-1914. 

Barker, Sir Geo. Bob, : British colonel, 1817-1861. 

Barker, Hy. Aston : Irish panorama painter, 
1774-1856. 

Barker, Hugh : Englisli lawyer, -1632. 

Barker, Jac! : Amer. financier, 1779-1871. 

Barker, Jas. : British naval captain, 1772-1838. 

Barker, Jas, Nelson ; American dramatist and 
author, 1784-1854. 

Barker, Jas. Wm. : American merchant and poli- 
tician, 1816-1869. 

Barker, Jno. : Eng. scholar and logician, 0, 1464, 

Barker, Jno, : British naval captain, -1053, 

Barker, Jno. : English Presbyt. div., 1682-1762. 

Barker, Jno. : Eng. medical writer, 1708-1748. 

Barker, Jno. : British Consul-General in Egypt, 
1771-1849. 

Barker, Jno. : Clerk of the Parliaments, Victoria, 
-1891. 

Barker, Sir Jno. : English indust., 1840-1914. 

Barker, Josiah : Amer. shipbuilder, 1763-1843. 

Barker, Jos. : English preacher, author and contro- 
versialist, 1806-1875. 

Barker, Math. : Eng. Nonconf . div.. 1619-1698. 

Barker, Matth. Hy., ' The Old Sailor ' : Englisli 
naval novelist, 1790-1846. 

Barker, Rob. : English printer, -1645. 

Barker, Sir Rob. : British Commander-in-Cliief in 
Bengal, 1729*-1789. 

Barker, Rob. : Irish pntr. and panoramist, 1739-1806. 

Barker, Sam. : English Hebraist, 1686-1759. 

Barker, Thos. ; English writer on angling, fl. 1661. 

Barker, Thos. : English scientific and miscellaneous 
writer and astronomer, 1722-1809, 

Barker, Thos., of Bath : English landscape and sub- 
ject painter, 1769-1847, 

Barker, Thos, : Soot, mathematician, 1838-1907, 

Barker, Thos, .Tones : Bng, painter, 1815-1882, 

Barker, Thos. Rich, : Eng. Independent minister, 
1799-1870. 

Barker, Wm. : English translator, fl. 1672. 

Barker, Wm. Burckhardt : English Orientalist. 
1810*-1866. 

Barker, Wm, Higgs : Eng, Hebraist, 1744-1815, 

Barkham (Barcham), Jno, : English divine and 
antiquary, 1572*-1643. 



40 



BABKHAUSEN 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BARO 



Barkhausen : See Barchusen. 
Barking, Bioh. de : English judge -1246. 
Baikly, Arth. Cecil Stuart : Bug. col. gov., 1843-90. 
Barkly, Sir Hy. : English col. gov., 1815-1898. 
Barksdale, Clem. : Eng. author and div., 1609-1687. 
Barksdale, Wm. : Amer. brigadier-gen., 1821-1863. 
Barkstead, Jno. : Eng. regicide, -1662. 
Barksted, Wm. : Eng. actor and poet, fl. 1611. 
Barkworth (Lambert), Mar]£ : English Benedictine 

monk and martyr, -1601. 
Barlaam, Bern. : Bishop of Geraci and philologist, 

1300-1348. 
Barlaeus (van Baerle), Casp. : Dutch- Latin poet, 

1584-1648. 
Barlaeus (van Baerle), Lamb. ; Dutch scholar and 

annotator, 1595-1655. 
Barlandus (Barlandt), Adrian van ; Dutch critic and 

historical writer, 1487-1542. 
Barlee, Sir Fred. Palgrave : Colonial Secretary for W. 

Australia, 1827-1884. 
Barletta, Gab. : Ital. Domin. preacher, 1400*- 
Barley, Wm. : English music printer, fl. 1692-1709. 
Barling, Jno. : English Dissenting min., 1804-1888. 
Barlow, Arth. : English navigator, -1620*. 
Barlow, Edw., ' Ambrose ' : English Benedictine and 

martyr, 1587-1641. 
Barlow (Booth), Bdw. : Eng, priest and mechanician, 

1639-1719. 
Barlow, Fes. : Eng. pntr. ot animals, 1626*-1702. 
Barlow, Sir Geo. Eilaro : Anglo-Indian statesman, 

1762-1847. 
Barlow, Geo. Hilaro : Eng. physician, 1806-66. 
Barlow, Hy. Clark : Eng. wr. on Dante, 1806-1876. 
Barlow, Jas. Wm. : Irish scholar and miscellaneous 

writer, 1826-1913. 
Barlow, Joel: Amer. statesm. and poet, 1754-1812. 
Barlow, Pet., F.R.S. : English mathematician and 

physicist, 1776-1862. 
Barlow, Pet. Wm. : Eng. civil engineer, 1809-85. 
Barlow, Sir Bob. : English admiral, 1757-1843. 
Barlow, Kudesind : English Benedictine monk, 

1585-1666. 
Barlow, Thos. : Bishop ol Lincoln, 1607-1691. 
Barlow, Thos. Harris : Amer. inventor of planetarium, 

1789-1865. 
Barlow, Thos. Oldham, E.A. : English mezzotint 

engraver, 1824-1889. 
Barlow, Thos. Worthington : English antiquarv and 

naturalist, 1823*-1856. 
Barlow, Wm. : Bishop of Chichester and Protes- 
tant exile, -1569*. 
Barlow, Wm. : Bishop of Lincoln, -1613. 
Barlow, Wm. Hagger : English divine, 1833-1908. 
Barlow, Wm. Hy. : Eng. engineer, 1812-1902. 
Barlaw(e), Wm. : Eng. div. andnat. philos., -1626. 
Barmby, Jno. Goodwyn : English Christian Socialist, 

1820-1881. 
Barnaba da Modena : religious painter, fl. 1370. 
Barnabas, St. : missionary and saint, fl. 38. 
Barnaby, Sir Nath. : Eng. nav. aroht,, 1829-1915. 
Barnard, Sir And. Fes. : Brit, gen., 1773-1855. 
Barnard, Anne, Lady : Scottish ballad poetess, 

• Aula Eobm Gray,' 1760-1825. 
Barnard, Charl. Alington, ' Claribel ' : English ballad 

writer, 1830-1869. 
Barnard, Chas. : Amer. author and dram., 1838- 
Barnard, Dan Dewey : American lawyer and 

politician, 1797-1861. 
Barnard, Bdw. : English Provost of Eton, 1717-1781 . 
Barnard, Edw. Wm. ; English divine, scholar and 

poet, 1791-1828. 
Barnard, Fred. : English humorous artist, 1846-96. 
Barnard, Fred. Aug. Porter : American educationist 

and scientist. 1809-1889. 
Barnard Hy. : American educationist, 1811-1900. 
Barnard, Sir Hy. Wm. : Brit, lieut.-gen., 1799-1857. 
Barnard, Isaac D. : American senator, 1791-1834. 
Barnard, Jno. : Bng. music, and divine, fl. 1641. 
Barnard (Bernard), Jno.: Eng.div.and biog. -1683. 
Barnard, Jno. : English philosopher, geographer and 

supporter of James U., fl. 1685-1693. 
Barnard, Sir Jno. : Lord Mayor of London and 

statesman, 1685-1764. 
Barnard, Jno. : American divine, 1681-1770. 
Barnard, Jno. Gross : American major-general and 

mathematician, 1815-1882. 
Barnard, Thos, : Bishop of Limerick, 1728-1806. 



41 



Barnard, Wm. : Bishop ot Derry, 1697-1708. 
Barnard, Wm. : Eng. mezzotint engraver, 1774-1849. 
Barnardiston, Sir Nath. : Eng. Puritan, 1688-1653. 
Barnardiston, Sir Sam. : English politician and 

Deputy-Governor of B. India Co., 1620-1707. 
Barnardiston, Sir Thos. : English Parliamentarian, 

-1669. 
Barnardiston, Thos. : English legal reporter and 

serjeant-at-law, -1752. 

Barnardo, Thos. Jno. : Irish philanth., 1845-1905. 
Barnato, Bamett Isaacs : English-South African 

financier, 1852-1897. 
Barnaud, Nic. : French alchemist, fi. 16th cent. 
Barnave, Ant. Pierre Jos. Marie : French statesman 

and orator, 1761-1793. 
Barnby, Sir Jos. : Eng. mus. comp., 1838-1896. 
Barnekow, Alb., Baron von : Germ, gen., 1809-1895. 
Barner, Jac. : Germ, physn. and chem., 1641-1686. 
Barnes : See also Bemers. 
Barnes, Alb. : Amer. theol. and wr., 1798-1870. 
Barnes, Alf. Smith : American publisher, 1817-1888. 
Barnes, Ambr. : English Nonconformist, 1627-1710. 
Barnes, Barnabe : English poet, 1569*-1609. 
Barnes, Dan. Hy. : Amer. educationist, 1785-1828. 
Barnes, Sir Edw. : British soldier and Governor of 

Ceylon, 1776-1838. 
Barnes, Jas. ; American major-general, 1809*-1869. 
Barnes, Jno. : Eng. Benedictine monk, -1661 . 
Barnes, Jno. Gorell, Lord Gorell : English judge,1848- 

1913. 
Barnes, Jos. K. : Amer. U.S. siirg.-gen., 1817-1883. 
Barnes, Josh.: Eng. Hellenist and hist., 1654-1712. 
Barnes, Juliana ; See Berners. 
Barnes, Phinehas : Amer. schol. and pol., 1311-1871. 
Barnes, Rich. : Bishop of Durham, 1532-1587. 
Barnes, Bob. : English chaplain to Henry VIII. and 

Protestant martyr, 1495-1540. 
Barnes, Bob. : Eng. physn. and med. wr., 1817-1907. 
Barnes, Thos. : English Unitarian minister and 

educationist, 1747-1810. 
Barnes, Thos. : editor of 'Times,* 1785-1841. 
Barnes, Thos. • English cricketer, 1849-1875. 
Barnes, Wm. : English poet, 1800-1886. 
Barnestapolius, Obertus : See Turner, Bobert. 
Barnet, Jno. : Bisliop ot Ely, -1,S73. 
Bamett, Curtis : British naval officer, -1746. 
Barnett, Jiio. : English singer and musical composer, 

1802-1890. 
Barnett, Jno. Fes. : Eng. music, and comp. ,1837-1 912. 
Barnett, Morris : Eng. actor and dramatist, 1800-56. 
Barnett, Sam. Aug. : English divine and social 

worker ; founder of Toynbee Hall, 1844-1913. 
Barneveldt, Jan van Olden: Dutch statesman, 

1547(9)-1619. 
Barnewall, Ant. : Irish officer in the German army, 

1721-1739. 
Barnewall, Jno., 3rd Lord Trimleston : High Chan- 
cellor of Ireland, 1470-1538. 
Barnewall, Nlch. : 1st Visct. Kingsland, 1592-1663. 
Barnewall, Nich. : 3rd Visct. Kingsland, 1668-1725. 
Barnewall (Bamwall), Sir Patrick: Irish lawyer, 

-1622. 
Barnewall, Rich. Vaughan : English barrister, 1780- 

1842. 
Barney, Jos. : Eng. fruit and flower pntr., 1751-1827. 
Barney, Josh. : Amer. naval commander, 1759-1818 
Barnlleld, Rich. : English poet, 1574-1627. 
Barnham, Benedict : English merchant and bene- 
factor of St. Alban's Hall, Oxford, 1559-1598 
Barnham, Sir Fes. : Eng. Parliamentarian, -1646* 
Barnim I., 'The Good': Duke of Pomerania-Stettin 

1209*-1278. 
Barnim UI., 'The Great ' : Duke of Pomerania-Stettin 

1303*-1368. 
Barnim XI. : Duke of Pomerania, 1501-1573 
Barnlngham, Jno. : English theologian, -1448 
■ Barns, Wm. : American divine, 1795*-1865. 
Barnston Jno. : English divine, -1645. 
Barnum, Hy. A. : American soldier and harbour 

master of New York, 1833-1892. 
Barnum, Phineas Taylor : Amer. showman, 1810-91 
Barnum, Wm. H. : American senator, 1818-1889. 
Barnum, Zenas : American capitalist, 1810-1865. 
Barnwell, Rob. : American politician, 1762-1814 
Barnwell, Rob. Woodward : Amer. statesm 1801-82 
Baro (Baron), Pierre : French Protestant professor 

ot divmity at Cambridge, 1534-1699 



BAR OC OHIO 



DICTIOJSTAEY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BARROWE 



Barocchio (Barozzi), Giacoiuo : Ital. archt., 1507-73. 
Baroccio (Baroelie), Federigo : Ital. pntr., X.528-1612. 
Baroccio (Barozzi), Jac. da Vignola : Italian archi- 
tect, 1607-1573. 
Baroche, Pierre Jules : French statesman, 1802- 
Baron (Barron), Barth. (Bonaventura) : Irish 

Franciscan writer, -1696. 
Baron, Bernard : Pr. engrav. in England, -1762. 
Baron, Ernst Theophilus : Germ, music, 1696-1760. 
Baron (Barron), Geoffrey : Irish rebel, -1651. 
Baron, Jno., F.R.S. : English physician and 

medical writer, 1786-1851. 
Baron, Jul. : German jurist, 1833-1898. 
Baron, Mich. : French actor, 1653-1729. 
Baron (Barron), Eich. : English republican pro- 
pagandist, -1766. 
Baron, JBob. : Scottfeh divine, 1593*-1639. 
Baron, Hob. : Eng. poet and dramatist, fl. 1645. 
Baron, Steph. : Eng. Franciscan friar, -1620*. 
Baroncini (Purpminus) : Italian theologian, il. 1670. 
Baroni, Leonora : Ital. singer and poet, fl. 17th cent. 
Baronius, Cesare ; Italian cardinal and ecclesiastical 

historian, 1538-1607. 
Barons (Barnes), Wm. : Bishop of London, -1505. 
Baronsdale, Wm. : English physician, -1608. 
Baross, Gabor : Hungarian statesman, 1848-1892. 
Barowe (Barrow), Thos. : Bndish ecclesiastic and 

judge, -1497*. 
Barozzi : See also Baroccio and Barocchio. 
Barozzi, Franc. : Venetian philologi'it, -1587. 
Barr, Amelia Edith : American authoress, 1831- 
Barr, Hob. : Scottish-Canadian journalist, novelist 

and schoolmaster, 1850-1912. 
Barraband, Pierre Pan] : French painter of birds, 

1767-1809. 
Barracco, Giov. : Ital. antiq. and art collector, -1 9] 4. 
Barradas, Isidro : Spanish soldier, fl. 1830. 
Barragan, Miguel : 10th Pres, of Mexico, 1789-1885. 
Barral, Pierre : Fr. abb6 and Jansenist, -1772. 
Barralet, Jno. Jas. : French water-colour painter in 

Ireland, -1812. 

Barrallier, Fes. (Louis) : British lieutenant-colonel. 

Colonial explorer and surveyor, 1773*-1853. 
Barrande, Joachim ; Austrian geologist and paisson- 

tologist, 1799-1883. 
Barras, Chas. M. : American actor, 1826-1873. 
Barras, Louis de. Count ; French lieutenant-general 

ol marines, -1800*. 
Barras, Paul Jean Frang. Nic. : French revolutionist, 

1755-1829. 
Barratt, Alt. : English philosophical wr., 1844-1881. 
Barratt, E. : English cricketer, 1844-1891. 
Barratt, Thos. J. : Eng. indust. and antiq., 1841-1914. 
Barraud, Hy. : Eng. port, and subject pntr., 1811-74. 
Barraud, Wm. : English animal painter, 1810-1860. 
Barraza, JosS L. : Mexican Jesuit, 17S7-1848. 
Barr6, Madame du ; See Dubarry. 
Barrd, Antonio : Italian musical composer and 

printer, fl. 1550-1588. 
Barrd, Ant. Jos. Lefevre de la : American naval 

officer and Governor of Guiana, 1625*-1688. 
BarrS, GuU. Vine. : Fr. historical writer. 1760*-1829. 
Barr6, Isaac : Brit, soldier and pol., 1726-1802. 
Barre, Jean Auguste ; French sculptor and medallist, 

1811-1896. 
Barre, Jean Fran?, le FSvre, Chevalier de ; French 

Sacrilegist, 1747-1766. 
Barr6, Jos., of Paris : French historian, 1692*-1764. 
Barre, Leonard : Belgian singer, fl. 1537-1552. 
Barr6, Louis Franp. Jos. de la : French historical 

writer, 1688-1738. 
Barri, Rich. : Eng. cedes, and judge, fl. 1170-1202. 
Barii, Wm. Vine. : See Barr6, Guil. Vine. 
Barreda, Gabino : Mexican physician and scientist, 

1820-1381. 
Barrelier, Jacques : French botanist, 1606-1673. 
Barrire, Pierre : French physn. and nat., 1690*-1755. 
Barret, Apollon Marie Rose : Fr. music. 1804-1379. 
Barret, Geo., ' the Elder ' : Irish landscape painter, 

1728-1784. 
Barret, Geo., ' the Younger ' • Irish landscape 

painter, -1842. 
Barret, Jean Jacques de ; French philol., 1717-1792. 
Barret, Jno. : Eng. Carmelite friar, -1563. 
Barret, Jno. : lexicographer. See Baret. 
Barret, Jno. : English Nonoonf. divine, 1631-1713. 
Barret, Jos. : English theological writer, 1665-1699. 



Barret, Pat. : Irish ecclesia-^tic and judge, -1415. 

Barret, Rich. : English B.C. divine, -1599. 

Barret, Rob. : Eng. military and poetical wr., fl. 1600. 

Barret, Wm. : British Consul at Aleppo, -] 584. 

Barret, Wm. : English divine, fl. 1595. 

Barrett : See also Barret. 

Barrett, Ben. Fisk : Amer. div. and writer, 1808-1892. 

Barrett, Eaton Stannard : Irish poet, 1786-1820. 

Barrett, Edw. : American naval officer, 1828-1880. 

Barrett, Eliz. : See Browning. 

Bariett, Fred. : English jockey, 1867-1895. 

Barrett, Geo. : English actuary, 1752-1821. 

Barrett, Geo. Hooker • Amer. comedian, 1794-1860. 

Barrett, Jno. : Eng. org. and song writer, 1674*- 

Barrett, Jno. : British naval captain, -1810. 

Barrett, Jno. : English Orientalist, 1753-1821. 

Barrett, Lawrence : American actor, 1838-1891. 

Barrett, Lucas : Eng. geol. and naturalist, 1837-1862. 

Barrett, Steph. : Eng. classical tutor, 1718-1801. 

Barrett, Wm. : English surgeon and antiquary, and 
friend of Chatterton, 1733-1789. 

Barrett, Wm. Alex. : Eng. wr. on music, 1834-1891. 

Barrett, Wilson : English actor and dram., 1846-1904. 

Barrett-Hamilton, Gerald Edwin Hamilton : Irish 
zoologist, 1872-1914. 

Barri, Gab. ; Italian historian, fl. 16th cent. 

Barri, Giraldus de : See Giraldus Cambrensis. 

Barrie, Alex. Ogilvie : Scottish edncat., 1842-1914. 

Barri^re, Jean de la : French reformer, 1544-1600. 

Barritoe, Th§od. : French dramatist, 1823-1877. 

Barringer, Dan. Moreau : Amer. diplom., 1807-1873. 

Barrington, Daines : English lawyer, antiquary 
and'naturalist, 1727-1800. 

Barrington, Geo. : Irish pickpocket, Australian 
official, dramatist and writer, 1755- 

Barrington, Jno. Shute, Viscount Barrington . lawyer, 
1678-1734. 

Barrington, Sir Jonah : Irish Admiralty judge, 1760- 

1834. 
Barrington, Sam. : British admiral, 1729-1800. 
Barrington, Shute : Bishop of Durham, 1734-1826. 
Barrington, Wm.Wildman, 2nd Viscount : statesman, 

1717-1793. 
Barrington-Kennett, Basil Herb. : British military 

aeronaut, 1884-1915. 
Barrionuevo, Franc, de : Spanish officer in Hayti, 

fl. 1632. 
Barrios, Gerardo : President of Salvador, -1865. 
Barrios, Justo Ruflno : Cent. Amer. statesm., 1835-86. 
Barritt, Frances Fuller : American poetess, 1826- 
Barritt, Thos. : EngUsh antiquary, 1743-1820. 
Barroceio : See Baroccio. 

Barroeta y Angel, Pedro Antonio : Spanish Arch- 
bishop of Lima, 1700*-1775. 
Barrels, Jose Maria Reyua : President of Guatemala, 

1852-1898. 
Barron, Hugh : EngUsh portrait painter, -1791. 
Barron, Jas. : Amer. naval officer, 1769-1S51. 
Barron, Sam. : Amer. naval officer, 1763-1810. 
Barron, Sam. : Amer. naval officer, 1802-1888. 
Barron, Wm. Aug. : English painter, fl. 1777. 
Barros, Joao de, ' The Portuguese Livy ' : Portuguese 

Wstorian, 1496-1570. 
Barrot, Camille Hyacinthe Odilon : French states- 
man, 1791-1873. 
Barrough, Phil. : See Barrow. 
Barrow, Alex. : American senator, 1801-1846. 
Barrow, Arth. : British admiral, 1853-1914. 
Barrow, Sir Geo. : English author, 1806-1876. 
Barrow (Barrowe), Hy. : English Church reformer, 

-1593. 
Barrow, Isaac, F.R.S. : English divine, classical 

theologian and mathematician, 1630-1677. 
Barrow, Isaac : Bishop of St. Asaph, 1614-1680. 
Barrow, Jno. : Bug. geographical comriler, fl. 1756. 
Barrow, Sir Jno., F.R.S. : English biographer and 

statesman, 1764-184S. 
Barrow, Jno. Hy. : English-South Australian editor 

and politician, 1817- 
Barrow (Barrough), Phil. : Eng. med. writer, fl. 1590. 
Barrow, Thos. : judge. See Barowe. 
Barrow, Thos. : Eng. Jesuit and schol., 1747-1813. 
Barrow, Wash. : Amer. politician, 1817-1866, 
Barrow, Wm. : Jesuit. See Waring. 
Barrow, Wm. : Archd. of Nottingham, 1754-1836. 
Barrowby, Wm., F.R.S. ; Eng. physn., 1682-1761. 
Barrowe, Hy. ; Eng. Puritan and Separatist, 1560*-93. 



42 



BARROWS 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BARTOL 



Barrows, Elijah Porter : American divine and Orien- 

taliBt, 1817-1888. 
Barrows, Willard : Anier. civil engin,, 1806-1868. 
Barruel Beauvert, Ant. Jos., Count de : French 

writer, 1756-1817. 
Barruel, Augustin de : French writer, 1741-1820. 
Barrnel, Jean Pierre : French chemist, 1780-1838. 
Barrundia, Jos6 Franc. : Central American states- 
man, 1780*-1854. 
Barry, Countess du : See Dubarry. 
Barry, AlE. : English primate of Australia and 

religious writer, 1828-1910. 
Barry, Ann Spranger (nH Street) : English actress, 

1734-lSOl. 
Barry, Sir Chas.. R.A. : Enu. archt.. 1793-1860. 
Barry, Chas. : English architect. 1K25-1900. 
Barry, Chas. Ainslie : English musician and writer 

on music, 1829-1915. 
Barry, Sir David, F.R.S. . English physician and 

physiologist, 1780-18S5. 
Barry, Dav. Fitz-David : 1st Earl of Barrymore , 

1605-1642. 
Barry, Dav. Fitz-James de : Viscount Buttevant, 

1550-1617. 
Barry, Sh-Edw., F.R.S. : Irish physn., 1696-1776. 
Barry, Edw. : Bng. rel. and med. wr., 1759-1822. 
Barry, Edw. Middleton, R.A. : Eng. archt., 1330-80. 
Barry, Ellz. : English actress, 1658-1713. 
Barry, Geo. : Scot, divine and historian, 1748-1805. 
Barry, Gerat (Gerald) : Irish colonel in Spanish 

army fl. 1624-1642. 
Barry, Girald, ' Gtealdus Cambrensis ' : historian, 

1147-1222*. 
Barry, Hy. : British colonel, 1750-1822. 
Barry, Hy.W.; Amer. maj.-gen. andpol., -1875. 
Barry, Jas., Lord Santry : Irish judge, 1603-1673. 
Barry, Jas., R.A. : Irish painter, 1741-1806. 
Barry, Jas. ; English inspector-general Army Medical 

Department (woman living as man), 1795-1865. 
Barry, Jno. : Eng.-Amer. naval officer, 1745-1803. 
Barry, Jno. : American Roman Catholic bishop of 

Savannah, 1799-1869. 
Barry, Jno. Arth. : English journalist and miscel- 
laneous writer in Au-stralia, 1850-1911. 
Barry, Jno. Milner : Irish physician, 1768-1822. 
Barry, Jno. S. : Governor of Michigan, 1802-1870. 
Barry, Jno. Stetson : Amer. author, 1819-1872. 
Barry (Barrey), Lodowick : Eng. dram., fl. 1611. 
Barry, Mart.": English physiologist, 1802-1^55. 
Barry, Pat. : Irish- Amer. horticulturist, 1816-1890, 
Barry, Phil, de ; English warrior, fl. 1183. 
Barry, Sir Redmond : Irish- Austral, judge, 1813-80. 
Barry, Redmond: Lord Chan, of Ireland, 1866-1913, 
Barry, Rob, de : English warrior, 1175, 
Barry, Spranger : Irish actor, 1719-1777, 
Barry, Thos, de : Canon of Glasgow, fl, 1560. 
Barry, Wm. ; American author, 1805-1885, 
Barry, Wm, Farquhar : Amer, maj,-gen„ 1818-79, 
Barry, Wm, Taylor : Amer, statesman, 17S5-1835. 
Barry, Wm, Taylor Sullivan : Amer, lawyer, 1821-68, 
Barrymore, Earl of : See Barry, Dav, Fitz-David, 
Barrymore, Wm, : American actor, -1847, 
Bar-Salibi, Jac, or Dionysius : Syrian Jacobite bishop 

and writer, -1171, 
Barsanti, Franc. : Italian-English musician and 

writer on music, 1690*- 
Barstow, Wm. A. : Governor of Wisconsin, 1811-65. 
Barstow, Wilson : Amer. brig. -gen., 1830-1869. 
Barstow, Zedekiah Smith ; Amer. educat., 1790-1873. 
Barsukof, Alex. : Russian historian, philologist and 

man of letters, -1914. 
Barsumas ; Nestorian Bishop of Nisibis, fl. 435-485. 
Bart, Jean : See Barth. 

Bartas, Gull, de Sallust du : Fr. poet, 1544-1590. 
Barter, Girolamo : Ital. monk and music, fl, 1607-18, 
Bartels, Hans von : Germ, marine pntr,, 1856-1913, 
Barter, Rich, ; Irish physician, 1802-1870, 
Barth, Casp, von : German philologist, 1587-1658, 
Barth, Felix : French statesman, 1795- 
Barth, Ferd, : German painter, 1842-1892, 
Barth, Franz Xavier : Germ, pntr,, 1821-1894, 
Barth, Fried, Gottlieb : Germ, philol,, 1738-1794, 
Barth, Hcin, : Germ, trav, in Africa, 1821-1865, 
Barth, Jac, : Germ, Hebraist and Arabist, 1849-1914, 
Barth (Bart), Jean : Fr, commodore, 1651-1702, 
Barth, Job, Aug, : German printer and bookseller, 

1765-iaiS. 



Barth, Kaspfir von : Germ, philol., 1587-1658. 
Barth, Marquard : German politician, 1809-1885, 
Barth, Theod, : German politician and newspaper 

editor, 1849-1909, 
Barth-Harmating, Herm,, Freiherr von : German 

mountaineer and explorer, 1845-1876, 
Barthe, Nich, Thos, : French writer, 1737-1785, 
Barthee, Melchior : German sculptor, -1674, 
Barthel, Joh, Clirist, : German musicLan and musical 

composer, 1776-1831, 
Barth6lemon, Fran?. Hipp. : French composer and 

violinist in England, 1741-1808. 
BarthSlemy, Anatole Jean Bapt. Ant. de : French 

archsBOloglst and numismatist, 1821-1904, 
Barth^lemy, Aug, Marseille : Fr, s.-itirist, 1796-1867, 
Barthilemy, Fran?,, Marquis de : French slates- 
man, 1750*-1830, 
Barth^lemy, Jean Jacques : French savant, writer 

and numismatist, 1716-1795, 
Barth61emy St. Hilaire, Jules : French philosopher 

and statesman, 1805-1895. 
Barthelme, Hugo : German painter, 1822-1895, 
Barthelmess, NicolauB : German engrav,, 1829-1889, 
Barthez, Paul Jos, : French medical writer and 

physician, 1734-1806, 
Barthius, Gaspar : German scholar, 1587-1658, 
Barthlet (Bartlett), Jno. : Bng. theol. wv., fl. 1566. 
Bartholdi, Auguste : Fr.-Amer, sculptor, 1834-1904, 
Bartholdy, Jac, Sol, : Pruss, diplom,, 1779-1825. 
Bartholin Berthel : Danish philologist, -1690, 
Bartholin, Erasmus : Danish physn,, 1625-1698, 
Bartholin, Gasp, : Swed,-Dan. med, wr„ 1585-1629, 
Bartholin, Gasp, : Danish physician and anatomist, 

• De Tibiis Veterum,' 1650*-1705», 
Bartholin, Thos, : Danish medical writer, 1619-1680, 
Bartholin, Thos, : Dan. jurist and hist,, 1659-1890, 
Bartholomew : Bishop of Exeter, -1184, 
Bartholomew, St, : Northumbrian hermit, -1193. 
Bartholomew, Alt. : Bng, architect, 1801-1845. 
Bartholomew, Anglicus : See Glanville, Bart, de, 
Bartholomew, Ann Charl. : English authoress and 

painter, -1862. 
Bartholomew, Dav. Ewen : Brit, nav, capt,, -1821. 
Bartholomew, Edw. Sheffield : Amer, sculp,, 1822-58. 
Bartholomew, Jno, : Scot, cartographer, 1831-1893, 
Bartholomew, Valentine : Eng, painter, 1799-1879, 
Bartholomew, Wm. : English librettist, chemist, 

painter and violinist, 1793-1867, 
Bartleman : See also Barth61emon, 
Bartleman, Jas, : Enghsh vocalist, 1769-1821, 
Bartlet, Jno. : Eng. Nonconf. divine, fl, 1662, 
Bartlet, Wm, : Eng, Independent divine, -1682, 
Bartlett, Ben. : Eng. numismat. and topog., 1714^87. 
Bartlett, Ehsha ; Amer. physn. and author, 1805-55. 
Bartlett, Sir Ellis Ashmead : American-English 

politician and miscellaneous writer, 1849-1902. 
Bartlett, Fes. : American art collector and bene- 
factor, 1836-1913. 
Bartlett, Ichabod : Amer, lawyer and pol,, 1786-1853, 
Bartlett, Jno. : Enghsh musician, fl, 1606-1610. 
Bartlett, Jno, : American pubhsher and compiler, 

1820-1905. 
Bartlett, Jno. Russell : American historian and 

linguist, 1805-1886, 
Bartlett, Jno, Sherren : English journalist in 

America, 1790-1863, 
Bartlett, Jos, : American adventurer, 1762-1827, 
Bartlett, Josiah : American signer of the Declaration 

of Independence, 1729-1795. 
Bartlett, Sam. Colcord : American educationist and 

pastor, 1817-1898. 
Bartlett, Thos. : Eng. theological writer, 1789-1864. 
Bartlett, Wash. Allen : Amer. official, 1820-1871 . 
Bartiett, Wm, : Amer, philanthropist, 1748-1841. 
Bartlett, Wm, Fes. : American soldier, 1840-1876, 
Bartlett, Wm, Hy. : Enghsh topographical draughts- 
man and painter, 1809"-1854, 
Bartlett, Wm, H, Chambers : Amer, mathem., 1809-93. 
Bartlett,Wm, P. Greenwood: Amer. mathem., 1837-65. 
Bartley, Geo, : English comedian, 1782*-1858, 
Bartley, Sir Geo, Christopher Trout : English poli- 
tician and tndr,of National Penny Bank, 1842-1910. 
Bartley, Morrtecai : Governor of Ohio, 1783-1870, 
Bartley, Sarah : English actress, 1783-1850, 
Bartling, Fried, Gottf, : Germ, botanist, 1798-1875. 
Bartlot, Rich. : English physician, 1471-1557. 
Bartol, Cyrus Aug. : Amer. div. and wr,, 1813- 



43 



BARTOLACHE 



DICTIONARY OP UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BASSELIN 



Bartolache, Jm6 Ign. : Hex. mathem., 1739-1790. 
Bartoli : Italian civilian, 1312-1356. 
Bartoll, Cosmo : Italian biographer, fl. 1570. 
Bartoli, Dan. : Ital. Jesuit and hist, wr., 1608-1686. 
Bartoli, Gius. : Italian antiquary, 1717-1790*. 
Bartoli, Pietro Sante, ' Perugino ' : Italian painter, 

163B-1705. 
Bartoli, Taddeo : Sieneae religious pntr., 1363*-1436*. 
Bartolini, Lorenzo : Italian sculptor, 1777 *-1850. 
Bartolini, Vincenzio : Italian singer, fi. 1782-1792. 
Bartolo di Fredi : Sienese religious pntr., 1330*-1409. 
Bartolocei, Qiul. : Italian Hebraist, 1613-1687. 
Bartolomeo di San Marco, Fra (Baccio deUa Porta) : 

Italian painter, 1469-1517. 
Bartolomeo, And. de ' Andrea Siculo ' ; Italian 

jurist, 1400-1479. 
Bartolomeo, Dioniaio di : Neap, archt., fl. 16th cent. 
Bartolomeo, Leon, di : Sicilian statesman, -1450. 
Bartolommei, Marq. Ferd. : Italian revolutionist 

and statesman, 1821-1869. 
Bartolommeo, di ; See Capponi. 
Bartolommeo di Pagbolo del Fattorino (Fra Barto- 
lommeo, Baccio and della Porta) ; Florentine re- 
ligious painter, 1475-1517. 
Bartolozzi, Franc. : Florentine engraver in England, 

1725-1815. 
Bartolozzi, Gaetano Stefano: Flor. eQgrav.,1767-1821. 
Bartolus : Italian jurist, 1314-1357. 
Barton, And. : Scot, naval commander, -1511. 
Barton, Ben. Smith : American naturalist and 

physician, 1766-1815. 
Barton, Bern. : English Quaker poet, 1784-1849. 
Barton, Chas. : Eng. lawyer and legal wr., 1768-1843. 
Barton, Clara : American philanthropist, ' The 

Florence Nightingale oJ America,' 1821-1912. 
Barton, Dav. : American senator, 1785*-1837. 
Barton, Edw. : English Ambassador to Constantin- 
ople, 1B62«-1B97. 
Barton, EUz., ' Holy Maid of Kent,' 1506*-1534. 
Barton, Frances : See Abington. 
Barton, Jno.de (de Eyton or de Fryton) : English 

judge, fl. 1304. 
Barton, Jno. : English physician and writer on 

Lollardism, fl. 15th century. 
Barton, Sir Jno. : English inventor of scientific 

instruments, 1771-1834. 
Barton, Jno : English missionary, 1836-1908. 
Barton, Math. : British admiral, 1715'-1795. 
Barton, Uich. (Bradshaigh or Bradshaw) : English 

Jesuit, 1601-1669. 
Barton, Sir Rob. : British general, 1770-1853. 
Barton, Thos. : English Royalist divine, -1681(2). 
Barton, Thos. : Bnglish-Amer. divine, 1730*-1780. 
Barton, Thos. Pennant ; American collector of 

Shakespeareana, 1803-1869. 
Barton, Wm. : English hymnologist, 1698*-1678. 
Barton, Wm. : American soldier, 1748-1831. 
Bartram, H. Bidleman : Amer. M.B. bp., 1796-1S60. 
Bartram, Jno. : American botanist, 1699-1777. 
Bartram, Wm. : American naturalist, 1739-1823. 
Bartsch, Joh. Adam Bern. von. : German engraver, 

1767-1821. 
Bartsch, Karl Fried. Adolf Konrad : German and 

Romance scholar, 1832-188?. 
Barttelot, Edmund Musgrave : English soldier and 

explorer, 1859-1888. 
Barttelot, Sir Walter Barttelot: Eng. pol., 1820-1893. 
BaruOaldi : Italian Jesuit and biographer, 1740-1817. 
Baruffaldi, Girolamo : Ital. theologian, 1675-1766. 
Barvitus : Scottish saint, fl. 546. 
Barwell, Louisa Mary : English musician, 1800-1885. 
Barwell, Rich. : Anglo-Indian official and poUtician, 

1741-1804. 
Barwick, Jno. : English theologian, fl. 1340. 
Barwick, Jno. : English divine, 1612-1664. 
Barwick, Peter : English med. writer, 1619-1706. 
Bary, Hein. Anton de : German botanist, 1831-1883. 
Bary, Bnvln von : German traveller, 1846-1877. 
Baryatlnsky, Alex. Ivanovich, Prince : Russian 

soldier and governor, 1814-1879. 
Barye, Ant. Louis : French sculptor, 1796-1876. 
Baryphonus, Henricus : German music, 1581-1655. 
Barzlzius : See Gasparinus. 
Bas : See also Basse. 

Bas, Jacques Phil, le : French engraver, 1707-1783. 
Bas, Jean le : Fr. siu:g. and accoucheur, fl. 1766-1765. 
Basaltl, Marco, of Friuli : Ital. painter, fl. 1470-1520. 



Basan, Pierre Franp. ; French engraver and print- 
seller, 1723-1797. 
Basckenls, Evarista: Italian painter of musical 

instruments, 1617-1677. 
Baschi, Matt. : fdr. of Capuchin Friars, 1500*-1552. 
Bascom, Hy. Bidleman : Amer. M.E. bp., 1796-1850. 
Basedow, Joh. Bern. ; German philosopher and edu- 
cationist, 1723-1790. 
Basedow, Karl A. von : German physician, 1799-1854. 
Baseilhac, Jean : French Uthotomist, 1703-1781. 
Basevi, Abramo : Italian musician, musical composer 

and writer on music, 1818-1885. 
Basevi, Geo. : English architect, 1794-1845. 
Basham, Wm. Rich. : English physician, 1804-1877. 
Bashford, Coles: Governor of Wisconsin, 1816-1878. 
Bashklrtseff, Maria Constantinova : Russian painter 

and writer, 1860-1884. 
Bashuysen, Hein. Jac. van . Dutch Orientalist and 

printer, 1679-1758. 
Basil, St. ' The Great ' : Bishop of Csesarea, 330'-379. 
Basil I. Dmitrevich : Grand Duke of Moscow and 

Czar of Muscovy, 1371-1425. 
Basil II. : Grand Duke of Moscow and Czar of 

Muscovy. 1415-1462. 
Basil in., Ivanovich : Tzar of Muscovy, 1479-1533. 
Basil IV., Shuisky : Tzar of Muscovy, -1612. 
Basil : Emperor of Trebizond, -1340. 
Basileldes : Gnostic, fl. 120*-130*. 
Baslll or BasUy, Domenico Andrea : Italian musician 

and composer, -1775. 
Baslli, Francesco : Italian musician and composer, 

1766-1860. 
Basilides : Epicurean philosopher, fl. 200*. 
Basillscus : Emperor of East, -477(8). 
Basilius I., ' The Macedonian ' : Emperor of Bast, 

813*-886. 
Basilius II. : Emperor of Bast, 958*-1025. 
Basilovich, Ivan : Emperor of Russia, 1629-1684. 
Basin : See Bazin. 
Basingstoke (Basing), Jno., of Leicester : archdeacon 

and Greek scholar, -1252. 
Basire : See also Bazire. 

Basire (Easier), Isaac : Jersey div. and trav., 1607-76. 
Basire, Isaac : English engraver, 1704-1768. 
Basire, Jas. : English engraver, 1730-1802. 
Basire, Jas. : English engraver, 1769-1822. 
Basire, Jas. : English engraver, 1796-1869. 
Baskerville, Hannibal : English antiquary, 1597-1668. 
Baskerville, Jno. : English printer, 1706-1775. 
Baskerville, Sir Simon : English physn., 1574-1641. 
Baskerville, Sir Thos. : British general, -1597. 
Baskerville, Thos. : English topographer, 1630-1720. 
Baskerville, Thos. : English physician and botanical 

writer, 1812-1840*. 
Baskett, Jno. : English printer, -1742. 
Basnage, Ben. : French Protestant writer, 1580-1652. 
Basnage de Beauval, Hen.: French journalist and 

writer, ' Ouvrage des Savans,' 1666-1710. 
Basnage de Beauval, Jacques : Fr. ecclesiastical wr., 

theologian, diplomatist and historian, 1653-1723. 
Basnage de Flottemanvllle, Sam. : French ecclesi- 
astical historian, 1638-1721. 
Basnage duFranquenay, Hen. : Fr. lawyer,1615-1695. 
Bass, Edw. : American P.E. bishop, 1726-1803. 
Bass, Geo. : English discoverer of Bass's Straits and 

surgeon, R.N., -1812*. 
Bass (Bassius), Hein. : German surgeon, 1690-1754. 
Bass, Sir Mich. Arth., 1st Baron Burton: English 

brewer and philanthropist, 1837-1909. 
Bass, Mich. Thos. : English brewer, 1799-1884. 
Bassanl, Jac. Ant. : Jesuit of Vicenza and preacher, 

1686-1747. 
Bassanl, Jean Bapt. : Italian violinist and musical 

composer, 1667*- 
Bassano, Due de : French diplomatist, 1802-1898. 
Bassano, Franc, da Ponte : Ital. artist, '1475-1530. 
Bassano, Franc, da Ponte : Ital. painter, 1548-1691. 
Bassano, Giambattista : Italian painter, 1553-1613. 
Bassano, Girolamo da Ponte : Ifel. pntr., 1560-1622. 
Bassano, Hugues Bern. Maret, Duo de : French 

statesman, 1763-1839. 
Bassano, ' Jacopo da Ponte ' : Ital. pntr., 1510-1592. 
Bassano, Leandro : painter at Venice, 1658-1623. 
Bass8ntin(Baasantoun),Jas. : Scot, astrol., -1568. 
Basse, Detmar Fried, von : Germ, indust., 1762-1836. 
Basse (Bas), Wm. : English poet, -1653*. 
Basselin, Olivier : French poet, 1400*-1450*. 



44 



BASSEN 

Bassen, Bartelmees van: Flemiah painter and 

architect, fl. 1613-1650. 
Bassendyne {Bassinden), Thoa.: Scottish printer 

and reformer, -1S77. 
Bassermann, Hein. : German theologian and preacher, 

1349-1909. 
Basset, Alan ; baronial signer of Magna Oharta, 

-1232(3). 
Basset, Sir Fes. : Vice-Admiral of Cornwall, -1645. 
Basset, Ecs. : Baron de Dunstanville of Tehidy and 

Baron Basset of Stratton, 1757-1835. 
Basset, Fait. : Bishop of London, -1259. 
Basset, Gilb. : English baronial leader, -1241. 
Basset, Jno. ; English writer on mining, 1791-1843. 
Basset, Joshua : Master of Sidney College, Cam- 
bridge, 1641 '-1721. 

Basset, Peter : English biog. of Henry V., fl. 1421. 

Basset, Sir Phil. : English justiciar and Royalist baron, 
-1271. 

Basset, Ralph : English Justiciar, -1127'. 

Basset, Ralph : English baronial leader and Lord of 
Drayton, Staffordshire, -1265. 

Basset, Ralph : baronial leader and Lord of Sap- 
cote, leicestershire. -1282*. 

Basset, Rich. : English justiciar, -1144*. 

Basset, Thoa. : English judge, -1182*. 

Basset, Wm. : En^h judge, -1185*. 

Basset, Wm.: English judge, -1249*. 

Basset, Wm. : English divine, 1644-1695. 

Bassett, Ebenezer D. : American ambassador to Hayti, 
fl. 1870. - 

Bassett, Rich. : Governor of Delaware, -1815. 

Bassetti, Marco Antonio : Veronese religious painter, 
1688-1630. 

Bassl, Laura Maria Cath. ; Italian philosopher and 
scholar, 1711-1778. 

Bassi, Lulgi ; Italian singer, 1766-1825. 

Bassi, TJgo : Italian patriot, 1800-1849. 

Bassiano, Laudi : Italian medical writer, -1562. 

Bassianus, Joannes : Italian jurist, 12th century. 

Bassingbourne, Humph, de : English itinerant justice 
and divine, fl. 1206. 

Basslni, Carlo ; Ital. music, in America, 1812-70. 

Basslus, Hen, : See Bass, Hein. 

Bassnett,Christopher: Eng. Nonconf. div.,1677*-1744. 

Bassompierre, Franp. de: Marshal of France, 1579- 
1646. 

Bassuel, Pierre : French surgical writer, 1706-1757. 

Bassus, Aufldius : Roman historian, 1st century. 

Bassus, CsBsius : Roman lyric poet, -79. 

Bassus, Cassianus : Roman writer on agriculture, 6th 
and 7th centuries. 

Bassus, Saleius : Roman epic poet, fl. ante 100. 

Bassville, Nic. Jean Hugo de : French envoy and 
writer. -179.'!. 

Bast, Fried. Jacob : German philologist and diplo- 
matist, 1772»-1811. 

Basta, Geo. : French military writer, -1607. 

Bastard, Jno. Pollexlen : Eng. politician, 1756-1816. 

Bastard, Thos. : Eng. div. and satirist, 1566-1618. 

Bastia, Ignazio Maisengo : Italian minister of posts, 
1851-1910. 

Bastiani : See Sebastiani . 

Bastianl, Lazzaro ; Venetian portrait painter, fl. 1470. 

Bastianini : Florentine sculptor, 18th century. 

Bastiano : See Gratella. 

Bastiat, FrM. : French political econ., 1801-1850. 

Bastidas, Rodriguez de: Spanish explorer, 1460*- 

Bastide, Jean Fran?, de la : Fr. mis'cell. wr., 1724-98. 

Bastide, Jno. Hy. : Brit, lieutenant-gen., -1710. 

Bastide, Jules : French publicist, 1800-1879. 

Bastlen-Lepage, Jules : French painter, 1848-1884. 

Bastiniano : See Gratella. 

Baston, Josquin : Flemish musical comp., fl. 1566. 

Baston (Boston), Phil. : Bug. Carmelite, -1320*. 

Baston, Rob. : Eng. CarmeUte and poet, fl. 1300. 

Bastwlck, Jno. : English physician and polemical 
writer, 1593-1654. 

Batarnay, Imbert de : French statesman, 1438*-1523. 

Batebelder, Jno. Putnam ; American professor of 
anatomy, 1784-1868. 

Batchelder, Sam. : American inventor, 1784-1879. 

Batchelor, Egerton Lee: Austral, statesm., 1S35-1911. 

Bate, Chas. Spence, F.R.S. : English scientiflc 
writer, 1S19-1889. 

Bate, Geo.,' F.R.S. : English physician and political 
writer, 1608-1669. 



DICTIONARY OF TJNIVEESAL BIOGRAPHY 



BATLLE 



45 



Bate, Hy. : See Dudley, Sir Hy. Bate. 

Bate, Jas. : English acholar, 1703-1775. 

Bate, Jno. : prior of the Carmelitea of Yort, 

-1429. 
Bate, Julius : English Hutchinsonian divine and 

Hebraist, 1711-1771. 
Bateoumbe (Badecumbe), Wm. : English mathe- 
matician, -1487*. 
Bateman, Ephraim : Amer. senator, 1770-1829. 
Bateman, Hezekiah Linthicum : American actor and 

theatrical manager, 1812-1875. 
Bateman, Jas., F.R.S. ; Eng. horticult., 1811-1897. 
Bateman, Jno. Fred. La Trobe, F.R.S .: English civil 

engineer, 1810-1889. 
Bateman, Sidney Frances : Amer. actress, 1823-81. 
Bateman, Stephen : See Batman. 
Bateman, Thos. : English physician, 1778-1821. 
Bateman, Thos. : English archaeologist, 1821-1861. 
Bateman, Wm. ; Bp. of Norwich, 1298*-1355. 
Bateman-Champaln, Sir Jno. Underwood: British 

soldier and engineer, 1835-1887. 
Bates, Arlo : American author, 1850- 
Bates, Barnabas : Amer. postal reformer, 1785-1853. 
Bates, Cadwallader Jno. : English antiquary and 

historian, 1853-1902. 
Bates, Dav. : American author, 1810-1870. 
Bates, Dav. Stanhope : Amer. engineer, 1777-1839. 
Bates, Edw. : American statesman, 1793-1869. 
Bates, Harry : British sculptor, 1850-1899. 
Bates, Hy. Walter, F.R.S. : English explorer and 

naturalist, 1825-1892. 
Bates, Isaac Chapman : Amer. statesm., 1780-1845. 
Bates, Jas. T. : Amer .-Swiss jouxn., 1845-1914. 
Bates, Joab : English musical composer, 1741-1799. 
Bates, Josh. : American educationist, 1776-1854. 
Bates, Josh. : Amer. flnancier in England, 1788-1864. 
Bates, Josh. H. ; Amer. gen. and lawyer, 1817- 
Bates, Lindon : Amer. wr. on travel, -1915, 
Bates, Mart. ; American senator, 1787-1869. 
Bates, Nikolaus : See Beets. 
Bates, Sarah : English vocaliat, -1811. 
Bates, Thos. : English stockbreeder, 1775-1849. 
Bates, Wm. : Eng. Noncont. div. and biog., 1625-99. 
Bates, Wm. : Eng. musical composer, fi. 1760-1775. 
Bates, Wm. : Australian politician, -1891. 

Batesford, J'no. : English judge, -1319. 
Bateson, Mary : English historian, 1866-1906. 
Bateson, Thos. : Eng. madrigal comp., 1580*-1620*. 
Bateson, Wm. Hy. : English physician and Master of 

St. John's College, Cambridge, 1812-1881. 
Bath, Earl of : See Pulteney, Wm. 
Bathalmiusi : Moham. genealogical wr., -1030. 
Bathe (Bathonia), Hy. de : English judge, -1260. 
Bathe, Jno. : Irish Jesuit, 1610-1649. 
Bathe, Wm. : Irish Jesuit at Salamanca and writer 

on music, 1564-1614. 
Bather, Edw. : Archdeacon of Salop, 1779-1847. 
Bather, Lucv Eliz., ' Aunt Lucy ' : English writer for 

chUdren, 1836-1864. 
Bathgate, Jno. : New Zealand politician, 1809-1886. 
Bathilda (Baltechildis, Baldechild, Baldhild), St. : 

wife of Clovis II., -678*. 

Bathori, Christopher : Prince of Transylvania, 

-1586. 
Bathori, Gabor : King of Poland, assassinated, 

-1613. 
Bathori, Sigismond: Prince of Transylvania, 

1572-1613. 
Bathori, Steph. : King of Poland, 1532-1586. 
Bathorst, Alien, 1st Earl : statesman, 1684-1776. 
Batharst. Ben. : English diplomatist, 1784-1809. 
Bathurst, Sir Fred. H. H. : Eng. cricketer, 1807-1881. 
Bathurst, Hy., 2nd Earl : Ld. Chancellor, 1714-1794. 
Bathurst, Hy., 3rd Earl of Bathurst : statesman. 

1762-1834. 
Bathurst, Hy. : Bishop of Norwich, 1744-1337. 
Bathurst, Jno. : physician to Cromwell, 1607-1659. 
Bathurst, Ralph : Dean of Wells, philosopher, wit and 

Latin poet, 1620-1704. 
Bathurst, Rich. : English essavist, -1762. 
Bathurst, Theod. : English Latin pciet, -1651. 
Bathurst, Walter : Britishnaval captain, 1764*-1827. 
Bathyani : See Batthyani. 
Bathyllus : pantomime, fl. B.C. 30*. 
Batiste, Aatoine Edouard : French organist and pro- 
fessor of music, 1820-1876. 
Batlle, Lor. : President of Uruguay, 1812- 



BATMAN 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BAVAY 



Batman. Jno. ; reputed fdr. of Victoria, 1800-1840. 

Batman' (Bateman), Bteph. : English translator and 
author, -1584. 

Batmanson, Jno. : Prior ol Charterhouse, -1531. 

Baton (Bathon) : comic poet, fl. B.C. 280. 

Baton, Chas. : Fr. musician and comp., -1758. 

Baton!, Ponipeo Girolamo : Ital. pntr., 1708-1787. 

Baton Kban : Emperor of the Moguls, -1255. 

Batsch, Aug. Joh. Geo. Carl. : Germ, nat., 1761-1802. 

Batsch, : German admiral, 1830-1898. 

Batt, Ant. : Eng. Benedictine monk, -1651. 

Batt, Wm. : English medical writer, 1744-1812. 

Battaglini, Marco : Ital. Bp. of Cesena, 1645-1717. 

Battaille, Chas. Amable : Fr. singer, 1822-1872. 

Battel, And. : Eng. African traveller, fl. 1589-1614. 

Batteley, Jno. ; Eng. antiq. and div., 1646-1708. 

Batteley, Nich. : English antiquary, 1648-1704. 

Battell, Kalph : English divine, 1649-1713. 

Battelle, Gordon : Amer.div.and Abolitionist,1814-62. 

Battelli, Giov. Cristoforo : Archbishop of Araasa, 
1658-1725. 

Batten, Adrian : English organist, -1637*. 

Batten, Sir Wm. : English admiral, -1667. 

Battenburg, Alex, of : See Alexander. 

Batteux, Chas. : French critic, philoloaist and writer 
on aesthetics, 1713-1780. 

Batthyani, Casimir, Count ; Himg. statesm., 1807-54. 

Batthyani, Lajos. Count : Hungarian statesman and 
patriot, 1806-1849. 

Battle, Wm. : English physn. and med. wr., 1704-76. 

Battier, Sam. : Swiss philologist, 1667-1744. 

Battine, Wm. : English poetical writer, 1765-1836. 

Battishill, Jon. ; Bne. mus. composer, 1738-1801. 

Battle, Wm. Horn : American jurist, 1802-1879. . 

Battley, Eich. : English chemist, 1770-1856. 

Battonn, Joh. Geo. : Germ, historian, 1740-1827. 

Battou, D6sir6 Alex. : Fr. mus. comp., 1797-1855. 

Battus I. : King of Gyrene, fl. B.a. 631. 

Battus II., ' Eudaimon ' : Kg. of Cyrene, fl. B.C. 570, 

Battus III., ' Cholos ■ : King of Cyrene, fl. B.C. 544. 

Battus IV., ' Kalos ' : King of Cyrene, fl. B.C. 450. 

Batty, Rob. : British lieutenant- colonel and draughts- 
man, 1789-1848. 

Batty, Kob. : Eng. physician, 1763*-1849, 

Baty, Rich. : English divine, -1758. 

Bauberger, Wilh. : Germ. wr. for the young, 1809-83. 

Bauchop, A. : New Zealand soldier, 1871-1915. 

Baudelaire, Chas. Pierre : French poet, 1821-1867. 

Baudelocque, Jean Louis : Fr. accoucheur, 1746-1810. 

Baudelot de Dairval, Chas. C6sar : French medallist 
and antiquary, 1648-1722. 

Bauderon, Brice : Fr. physn. and med. wr., 1 639-1623. 

Baudet, Etienne : French engraver, 1636-1711. 

Baudier, Dominique : Dutch historian, 1564-1613. 

Baudier, Mich. : Fr. hist, writer, fl. 1589-1654. 

Baudin, Pierre Chas. Louis : French political writer, 
1748-1799. 

Baudissin, Wolf Hein. Fried. Karl, Count : Danish- 
German translator, 1789-1878. 

Bauditz, Sophus : Danish novelist, 1850-1915. 

Baudius (Baude), Dom. ; Dutch historiographer and 
Latin poet, 1561-1613. 

Baudot de Juilli, Nic. : Fr. hist, wr., 1678-1759. 

Baudouin (Baldwinus), Franp. ; French civilian and 
scholar, 1520-1673. 

Baudouin (Baudoin), Jean : French classical trans- 
lator, 1584«-1650. 

Baudouin (Baulduin). Noel : Dutchmusic. -1629. 

Baudrand, Mich. Ant. • Fr. geog., 1633-1700. 

Baudrillart, Hen. Jos. L6on : Fr. econ.. 1821-1892. 

Baudrillart, Jacques Jos. : Fr. agricult., 1774-1832. 

JBaudry or Balderich, of Bourgueil, Archbishop of 
Dol: historian and poet, 1046(71-1130. 

Baudry, Paul Jacques Aim6 : Fr. pntr., 1828-1886. 

Bauer : See also Baur. 

Bauer, Bruno : Germ, theol. and hist., 1809-18S2. 

Bauer, Ferd. : Germ, botanical pntr., 1744-1826. 

Bauer, Ferd., Bar. von : Austrian general and 
minister of war, 1825-1993. 

Bauer, Hein. Gottfried : Germ, jurist, 1733-1811. 

Bauer, Joh. Gottfried : Germ, jurist, 1695-1763. 

Bauer. Joh. Wilh. : painter and engraver, born at 
Strassburg, 1600-1642. 

Bauer, Karl I.udw. : Germ, philol., 1730-1799. 

Bauer, Karoline Philippine Aug. (Countess Broel- 
Plater) : German actress, 1807-1877. 

Bauer, Wolfgang : German phllol., 1830-1881. 



Bauerband, Joh. Jos. : Germ, jurist, 1800-1878. 
Bauerle, Karl Wilh. Fried. : German-English 

painter, 1831-1912. 
Bauerman, Hilary: English metallurgist, mineral- 
ogist and geologist, 1835-1909. 
Bauernfeind, Karl Max von : German land surveyor, 

1818-1894. 
Bauernleld, Bduard von : Austrian poet and 

dramatist, 1802-1890. 
Baugher, Hy. L. : Amer. educationist, 1805-1868. 
Bauhin, Gasp. : French botanist, 1660-1624. 
Bauhin, Jean: Fr. Protestant physn., 1511-1582. 
Bauhin, Jean : French botanist, 1641-1613. 
Bauhin, Jean Gasp. : Fr. physn. and hot., 1606-86. 
Bauldri, Paul : French chronicler and historian at 

Utrecht, 1639-1706. 
Baulduln : See Baudouin. 
Baulot (Bcaulieu), Jacques, ' Friar James ' : French 

surgeon, 1651-1720. 
Baum, Fried. : Germ. sold, in Canada, -1777. 
Baum, Joh. Wilh. : German theologian and ecclesiasti- 
cal historian, 1809-1878. 
Baum, Wilh. : Germ. prof, of surgery, 1799-1883. 
Baumann, Ernst : German naturalist, 1871-1895. 
Baumann, Oskar : German traveller, 1864-1899. 
Baumbach, Rudolf : German poet, 1840-1905. 
Baumburgh, Thos. de : English Keeper of Great 

Seal, fl. 1332. 
Baum6, Ant. : French chemist, 1728-1804. 
Baum6, Louise de la, Duchesse de la ValHSre : 

mistress of Louis XIV., fl. 1663-1674. 
Baura6, Nic. Aug. de la : Marsh, of France, 1636-1716. 
Baume, Pierre Hen. Jos. : French Socialist in Eng- 
land, 1797-1875. 
Baume des Dossat, Jacques Frang. de la : French 

poet, 1705-1756. 
Baumeister, Christ. Fried. : Germ, philol., 1709-85. 
Baumer, Joh. Wilh. : Germ, naturalist, 1719-1788. 
Bailmer, Suitbert : German Benedictine and writer, 

1846-1894. 
Battmer, Theod. Hein. : Germ, sculp., 1836-1898. 
Baiimer, Wilh, : German architect, 1829-1895. 
Baumgarten, Alex. Gottlieb. : Germ, philos., 1714-62. 
Baumgarten, C. F. : German- English musician and 

composer, fl. 1780-1794. 
Baumgarten, Herm. : German historian and publicist, 

1826—1893 
Baumgarten, Mich. : Germ. Prot. theol., 1812-18S9. 
Baumgarten, Sig. Jac. : Germ, theol., 1706-1757. 
Baumgarten-Crusius, D. K. W. : German philologist, 

1736-1845. 
Baumgarten-Crusius, Gottlob Aug. : German theo- 
logian, 1752- 
Baumgarten-Crusius, Ludw. Fried. Otto : German 

Protestant divine. 1788-1842. 
Baumig, Emile : Belgian international lawyer, 

legal wr. and wr. on Afr. politics. 1836-1898. 
Baumlein, Wilh. von : Germ, philol., 1797-1865. 
B&umler, Marcus : German Archdeacon of Mllnster, 

1565-1611. 
Baumstark, Ant. : German philoloaist, 1800-1876. 
Baune, Jacques de la : Jesuit of Paris, Latin poet 

and ^vriter, 1649-1726. 
Baur, Ferd. Christ. : German Church hist., 1792-1860. 
Baur, Franz Adolph Gregor von : German forester, 

1830-1897. 
Baur, Fried. Wilh. von ; Ru=s. mil. engin., 1731-83. 
Baur, Fried. Wilh. : Germ, admin., 1826-1897. 
Baur, Geo. Lor. : Germ, theologian. 1755-1806. 
Baur, Gustav Adolf Ludw. : German philosopher 

and theologian, 1816-1889. 
Baur, Joh. Wilh., ,of Strasburg, ' Wirlembaur ' : 

architect, painter and engraver, 1600-1640. 
Bausi (Bauz4), FeUpe : Span, navigator, 1760*-1833. 
Bausa, Card. : Ital. card., archbp. and miss.. 1821-99. 
Bausch, Joh. Lawrence : German physician and 

medical writer, 1605-1665. 
Bauscb, Otto : German engineer, 1825-1898. 
Bantain, Louis BugSne Marie : French philosopher 

and theologian, 1796-1867. 
Bautista, Jos6 ; Mexican monk, 16th century. 
Bautista, Juan : Mexican linguist, 1956-1612*. 
Bautru, Wm. : French wit, 1588-1666. 
Bavand, Wm. : Eng. writer and translator, fl. 1659. 
Bavant, Jno. : English R.C. divine, fl. 1562-1686. 
Bavay, Paul Ign. de, of Brussels : medical writer, 

1704-1768. 



46 



BAVIER 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BEACH 



Bavier, Simon : Swiss statesman, 1825-1896. 

Bavlus : poetaster, B.C. 35. 

Bavon, St., -653(7). 

Bavona, Mgr. : Italian papal diplomatist and jurist, 
1866-1912. 

Bawdwen, Wm. : See also Baldwin. 

Bawdwen, Wm. : Eng. div. and antiq., 1762-1816. 

Bawerk, Boehm von : Austrian minister of finance, 
-1914. 

Baxendell^ Jos., F.R.S. : Englisli meteorologist and 
astronomer, 1815-1887. 

Baxter, And. : Scottisli metaphysician and natural 
philosopher, 1686-1750. 

Baxter, Chas. ; English portrait and subject painter, 
1809-1879. 

Baxter, Sir David ; Scot, manufacturer, 1793-1872. 

Baxter, Evan Buchanan : English physician and 
medical writer, 1844-1885. 

Baxter, Geo. : English wood engraver, 1805-1867. 

Baxter, Hy. : American general, 1821-1873. 

Baxter, Jno. : Eng. printer and publisher, 1781-1858. 

Baxter, Lucy (Leader Scott) iiUe Barnes) : English 
writer on art, 1837-1902. 

Baxter, Lydia : American poetess, 1809-1874. 

Baxter, Nath. : Eng. poet and preacher, fl. 1606. 

Baxter, Bich. : En!?lish Nonconformist divine and 
theologian, 1615-1691. 

Baxter, Bob. Dudley : Eng. econ. and statist., 1827-75. 

Baxter, Boger : English Jesuit. 1784-1827. 

Baxter, Thos. : English author of ' The Circle 
Squared,' fl. 1732. 

Baxter, Thos. : English china painter, 1782-1821. 

Baxter, Wm. : English grammarian, antiquary and 
critic, 1650-1723. 

Baxter, Wm. : English botanist, -1871. 

Baxter, Wm. Edw. ; Scot. trav. and pel., 1825-1890. 

Bayard, Geo. Dashiell : Amer. brig.-gen., 1835-1862. 

Bayard, Jas. Asheton : Amer. statesman, 1767-1816. 

Bayard, Jas. Asheton : Amer. statesman, 1799-1880. 

Bayard, Jno. : American patriot, 1738-1807. 

Bayard, Nich. ; Eng. Domin. and theol., fl. 1300*. 

Bayard, Nich. : Dutch colonial ofacial, 1644*-1707. 

Bayard, Pierre du Terrail, Chevalier de, * Le C^ievalier 
sans Poeur," 1473-1524, 

Bayard, Bich. Hy. : American statesman, 1796-1868. 

Bayard, Sam. ; American jurist, 1767-1840. 

Bayard, Thos. Fes. : American diplomatist, senator 
and lawyer, 1828-1898. 

Bayard, Wm. : American merchant, 1729-1804. 

Bayazid: sultans of the Turks. SeeBajazet. 

Bayen, Pierre : French chemist, 1725-1798. 

Bayer, Aloys : German vocalist, 1802-1862. 

Bayer, Aug. von : German painter, 1803-1876. 

Bayer, Gottlieb Siegfred : German Orientalist and 
historian, 1694-1738. 

Bayer, Hieronymus von : German jurist and pro- 
fessor of law, 1792-1876. 

Bayer, Joh. : German astronomer, 1572-1625. 

Bayer, Joh. : German astronomer, -1660. 

Bayer, Joh. Jakob : Germ, land surveyor, 1794-1885. 

Bayer, Josef : Austr. prof, of aesthetics, 1827-1910 

Bayer, Karl : Germ, philos. and teacher, 1806-1883. 

Bayer, Melchior : German goldsmith, -1577. 

Bayes, Joshua : English divine, 1671-1746. 

Bayeu y Subias, Francisco : Spanish pntr., 1734-1795 

Bayeux, Geo. : French advocate, 1762*-1792. 

Bayeux, Jno. de : Eng. itinerant justice, -1249 

Bayf (Baif), Lazare de ; Fr. poet and schol., -1547 

Bayfield, Hy. Wolsey : British admiral, -1885. 

Bayfield, Eich., aliae Somersam : English Bene- 
dictine monk and martyr, -1531. 

Bayfield, Bob. : English physician, fl. 1668. 

Bayle, Fran?. : French medical writer, 1622-1709 

Bayle, Moise : French revolutionist, 1760*-1816* 

Bayle, Pierre; French lexicographer, philosopher 
and man of letters, 1647-1706. 

Baylee, Jos. : Irish theological writer, 1808-1883 

Bayler, Hein. : German bishop, -1420 

Bayley, Corn. : English divine, 1751-1812 

Bayley, Sir Edw. Clive : Anglo-Indian statesman 
and archaeologist, 1821-1884. 

Bayley, F. W. N. : Eng. miscell. writer, 1808-1853. 

Bayley, Hy. Vine. : English divme, 1777-1844 

Bayley, Jas. Roosevelt: Roman Catholic Arch- 
bishop of Baltimore, 1814-1877. 

Bayley, Sir Jno. : English judge, 1763-1841. 

Bayley, Jno. (Whitcomb) : Eng. antiq., -1869 



47 



Bayley, Jno. : English cricketer, 1794-1874. 

Bayley, Pet. ; Eng. miscell. wr. and poet, 1778*-1823. 

Bayley, Rich, : American medical writer, 1745-1801. 

Bayley, Bob. S. : Eng. Independent min., -1859. 

Bayley, Thos, : See Baylie, 

Bayley, Thos. Butterworth : Eng. agriculturist and 
philanthropist, 1744-1802. 

Bayley (BailBeus, Baly, Bailv), Walter : English 
physician, 1529-1593. 

Bayley, Wm. Butterworth : Anglo-Indian official, 
1782-1860. 

Baylie, Thos. : English Puritaa divine, 1682-1663. 

Baylies, Nich. : American jurist, 1772-1847. 

Baylies, Wm. : English physician, 1724-1787. 

Baylies, Wm. : American physician and politician, 
1743-1826. 

Baylls, Edw. : Eng. mathematician and founder of 
insurance companies, 1791-1861. 

Baylis, Thos. Hy. : Eng. lawyer and miscellaneous 
writer, 1817-1908, 

Baylis, Thos, Hutchinson : English promoter of 
insurance ofHces, 1823-1876. 

Bayliss, Sir Wyke : English painter and writer on 
art, 1835-1906. 

Baylor, Geo. : American soldier, 1752-1784. 

Baylor, Bob, Emmett, Bledsoe : American jurist, 
1793-1874, 

Bayly, Ada EUen (Edna Lyall) : English novelist. 
1857-1903. 

Bayly, Anselm ; Eng, div, and miscell, wr., 1719-94. 

Bayly, Ben. : English divine, 1671-1720. 

Bayly, Jno. ; Ens. chaplain to Charles I., -1633. 

Bayly, Lewis. : Bishop of Bangor, -1631, 

Bayly, Thos, : English Eoyalist divine, -1657*, 

Bayly, Thos, Haynes : English lyric poet, novelist 
and dramatist, 1797-1839, 

Bayly, Wm, : English astronomer and companion of 
Captain Cook, 1737-1810. 

Baynam, Wm, ; Amer, surgeon, 1749-1814, 

Baynard, Ann : English scholar, 1672-1697, 

Baynard, Edw, : Eng, physn, and poet, 1641- 

Baynard, Fulk, : Eno, itinerant justice, Jl, 1228, 

Baynard, Rob. : Bug. judge, -1331. 

Baynbrigg, Christopher : See Bainbridge. 

Bayne, Alex. ; Scottish jurist. -1737. 

Bayne, Herb. And. : Amer. educat., 1846-1886. 

Bayne, Jno. : Canadian divine, 1806-1859. 

Bayne, Peter ; Scot, jom-n, and author, 1830-1896, 

Bayne Wm, : British naval captain, -1782, 

Baynes, Adam : English parliamentarv soldier and 
oflieial. 1622-1670. 

Baynes, Edw. : Brit, mil, commander, -1829, 

Baynes, Ja?, : Ens, wat^r-coloiu- painter. 1766-1837. 

Baynes, Jno. : Eng. lawyer and miscell. wr„ 1768-87 

Baynes, Paul : Eng, Puritan divine, -1617, 

Baynes, Ralph : Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry 
-1559, 

Baynes, Roger : English secretary to Cardinal Allen 
1646-1623, 

Baynes, Thos, Spencer : Scottish philosopher and 
miscellaneous writer, 1823-1887, 

Baynham, Jas, : See Bainham, 

Bayning, 1st Lord : See Townshend, Chas, 

Baynton, Sir And, : English scholar, fl, 1540. 

Baynton, Thos. : English med. «t„ -1820. 

Bayntun, Sir Wm, Hy, : Brit, admiral, 1766-1840, 

Bazaine, Achille Franc, ■ m.%rsh, of France, lRll-88 

Bazalgette, Sir Jos, Wm, : English civil' engineer 
1819-1891, 6">™i, 

Bazard, Amand : Fr, philos, and socialist, 1791-1832. 

Bazhenov, Vasili Ivanovich : Russ, archt,, 1737-1799* 

Bazin, Franp, Emanuel Jos, : French musician com- 
poser and teacher, 1816-1878, 

Bazin, Giles Augustine : Fr, physn, and nat , -1754 

Bazin, Jno, A, : Fr, hp, in America, 1796-1847 

Bazin or Basin, Thos, : Bp, of Lisieux, jurist moral- 
ist and historian, 1412-1491, 

Bazire (Basire), Claude : Fr, revol 1764-1794 

Bazley, Sir Thos, : English manufacturer and poli- 
tician. 1797-1885, 

Bazzi, Giov, Antonio (Razzi and Sodoma) ■ Italian 
religious and portrait painter. 1477-1549 

Bazzini, Antonio : Italian violinist and musical com- 
poser, 1818-1897. 

*'i'tL?-'"]=il' P™'"' and typefounder at Troyes, 

Beach, Abr. : Amer. divine, 1740-1828. 



BEACH 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BEAUGRAND 



Beach (Beohe), Jno. : last abbot of St. John's Abbey, 
Colchester, -1539. 

Beach, Moses Yale : Amer. inventor, 1800-1868. 

Beach, Thos. : Welsh poet, -1737. 

Beach, Thos. : English port, painter, 1738-1S06. 

Beach, Thos. Miller (Major le Caron) : English Gov- 
ernment spy, 1841-94. 

Beach, Wm. Aug. : American lawyer, 1S09-1884. 

Beacon ; See Becon. 

Beaconsfleld, Earl of : See Disraeli, Ben. 

Beadle, Jno.: English divine and author, -1667. 

Beadon, Sir Cecil : lieut.-Governor of Bengal, 
1816-1881. 

Beadon, Fred. : Canon of Wells, 1777-1879, 

Beadon, Rich. : Bp. of Bath and Wells, 1737-1824. 

Beakman, Dan. F. : English centenarian, the last sur- 
vivmg soldier of the Revolution, 1760*-1869. 

Beal, Abr. : Amer. philanthropist, 1803«-1872. 

Beal, Sam. : English Chinese scholar, 1825-1889. 

Beal, Wm. : EngUsh reUgious wi-iter, 1815-1870. 

Beale, Chas. Gabriel : English solicitor, -1912. 

Beale, Dorothea : Eng. educat. and benef „ 1831-1906. 

Beale, Ecs. : English writer on chess, fl, 1656, 

Beale, Jno., P.E.S. : Eng, scientific writer, 1603-1683. 

Beale, Jno. : English pianist, 1796*- 

Beale, Lionel Smith ; English physician, mieroscopist 
and medical writer, 1828-1906. 

Beale, Mary ; English portrait painter, 1632-1697. 

Beale, Rob. : Ena. diplom. and antiq., 1641-1601. 

Beale, Thos. Willert : Eng. miscell. wr., 1828-1894. 

Beale, Wm,; English Royalist divine and Master of 

, Jesus College, Cambridge, -1651. 

Beale, Wm.; English musician, 1784-1864. 

Beales, Edm. ; English lawyer, politician and pam- 
phleteer, 1803-1881. 

Bealknap (Bellmap), Sir Rob. de ; EngUsh judge, 
-1400*. 

Bean, Ben. Lloyd : Amer. sold, and pol., 1800*-1863. 

Beall, Jno. Young ; English-Confederate guerilla 
soldier, 1835-1865. 

Beall, Reazin : Amer. brigadier-general, 1770-1843. 

Beall, Sam. Wootton ; American lawyer and soldier, 
1807-1868. 

Beall, Wm. Dent ; American soldier, 1766-1829. 

Beamish, Worth Ludlow ; Irish nuhtary writer and 
antiquary, 1797-1872. 

Beamont, Wm. Jno. : Eng. div. and author, 1828-68. 

Bean (Beyn), Saint : 1st Bp. of Murthlach, fl. 1011. 

Bean, Wm. : one of the first white settlers west of 
the AHeghanies, fl. 1768. 

Beaney, Jas. Geo. : Australian politician, -1891, 

Bearblock (Bereblock), Jno. ; Enghsh draughtsman, 
fl. 1666. 

Bearcroft, Phil. : Eng. div. and antiq., 1697-1761. 

Beard, Chas. : Eng. Unit. div. and rel. wr., 1827-^8. 

Beard, Geo. Miller ; American physician and writer, 
1839-1883. 

Beard, Jas. Hy. ; Amer. animal pntr., 1814- 

Beard, Jno. : English actor and vocalist, 1716*-1791. 

Beard, Jno. Relly ; Eng. "Dnit. minister, 1800-1876. 

Beard, Rich. ; See Beeard. 

Beard, Rich. : American educationist, 1799-1880. 

Beard, Thos. : English Puritan divine and school- 
master of Ohver Cromwell, -1632. 

Beard, Wm. ; Enghsh bone collector, 1772-1868. 

Beard, Wm. Holbrook ; American painter, 1825-1900. 

Beardmore, Nath. : Eng. civU engineer, 1816-1872. 

Beardsley, Aubrey Vine. : English black-and-white 
artist, 1872-1898. 

Beardsley, Eben. Edwards ; American divine and 
author, 1808-1891. 

Beardsley, Jno. : American divine, 1730-1810. 

Beardsley, Sam. : American jurist, 1786-1867. 

Beardsley, Sam. Raymond: Amer. lawyer, 1814-63. 

Beaseley, Nat. ; Indian fighter and pioneer, 1751-1836. 

Beasley, Ered. ; Amer, divine and writer, 1777-1845- 

Beatnlffe, Rich. : EngUsh bookseUer, 1740-1818. 

Beaton (Bethune), David : Cardinal Archbishop of 
St. Andrews, 1494*-1646. 

Beaton (Bethune), Jas. ; Archbishop of Glasgow and 

St. Andrews, -1539. 
Beaton, Jas. : Archbishop of Glasgow, 1517-1603. 
Beatrice, of Lorraine : Duchess of Tuscany, -1076. 
Beatson, Alex. : British lieutenant-general and 

colonial governor, 1769-1833. 
Beatson, Ben. Wrigglesworth : Enghsh classical 
scholar, 1803-1874. 



Beatson, Geo. Steward : Anglo-Indian surgeon" 

general, -1874. 
Beatson, Rob. : Scot, miscellaneons wr., 1742-1818. 
Beatson, Sir Stuart Brownlow : Brit, gen., 1854-1914. 
Beattle, Geo. : Scottish poet, 1786-1823. 
Beattle, Jas. ; Scot, poet and philos., 1735-1803. 
Beattie, Jas. Hay ; Scottish essayist, 1768-1790. 
Beattle, Wm. : EngUsh physician, 1793-1875. 
Beattie-Broun, Wm. : Scot, lands, pntr., 1831-1909. 
Beatty, Chas. : Amer. divine and writer, 1715*-1772. 
Beatty (Beattie), Brkuries ; Amer. soldier, 1769-1823. 
Beatty, Jno. : Amer. phyan. and pol., 1749-1826. 
Beatty, Jno. : Amer. brig.-gen. and writer, 1828- 
Beatty, Sam. ; American major-general, 1820-1885. 
Beatty, Sir Wm., E.B.S. : Brit. nav. surg., -1842- 
Beatus, of Liebana and Valcavado : Spanish priest 

and monk, theologian and geographer, 730*-798. 
Beatus Rhenanus ; ^ee Rhenanus. 
Beau, Chas. le : French historian, 1709-1778. 
Beau (Bellus), Jean Bapt. : French Jesuit, 1600-1670. 
Beau, Jean Louis le : Fr. class, editor, 1721-1766. 
Beau^aire, Count Horric de : French diplomatist and 

historian, -1913. 
Beaucaire de Peguillon, Fran;. : Archbishop of Mentz, 

•Rerum GaUicarmn Commentaria,' 1514-1591. 
Beaucbamp, Alphonse de : French historian and man 

of letters, 1767-1832. 
Beanobamp, Guy de : Earl of Warwick, -1316. 
Beaucbamp, Hy. de ; Duke of Warwick, 1425-1445. 
Beaucbamp, Sir Jno. de, Lord Beauchamp : English 

statesman, -1388. 
Beauchamp, Rich, de. Earl of Warwick : general In 

France, 1382-1489. 
Beaucbamp, Rich, de ; Bp. of SaUsbury, 1430*-1481, 
Beaucbamp, Rob. de : EngUsh judge, -1252. 
Beaucbamp, Thos. de. Earl of Warwick ; statesman, 

-1401. 
Beauchamp, Walter de : EngUsh judge, -1236. 
Beaucbamp, Sir Walter de ; EngUsh lawyer and 

soldier, fl. 1416. 
Beaucbamp, Wm. de : English baronial leader and 

judge, -1260. 
Beaucbamp, Wm. : Amer. div. and author, 1772-1824. 
Beauchamps, Pierre Fran?. Godard de ; French dra- 
matic writer, 'Th^itres de France," 1689-1761. 
Beaucbateau, Frani;. Matt. Chatelet de : French poet, 

1645- 
Beauderk, Lord AmeUus : Brit, admiral, 1771-1846. 
Beanclerk, Lord Aubrey : Brit. nav. capt., 1710*-41. 
Beauelerk, Chas. : Ist Duke of St. Albans, 1670-1726. 
Beauderk, Lady Diana ; English amateur artist, 

1734-1808. 
Beanclerk, Lord F. ; English cricketer, 1773-1850. 
Beauderk, Topham ; English scholar and friend of 

Dr. Johnson, 1739-1780. 
Beaufea (BeUofago, BeUofoco), Rob. de : secular 

Canon of Salisbury, fl. 1190. 
Beaufen (BeUo Pago), Roger de ; Eng. judge, fl. 1305. 
Beauteu, Wm. (otherwise de BeUafago, BeUofago, 

Belfour Galsagus,Velson),Bp. of Thetford, -1091 . 
BeauOls, Gull., of Auvergne ; Jesuit preacher and 

writer, 1674-1757. 
Beaufort, Duke of : See Somerset. 
Beaufort, Dan. Aug. : Eng. geographer, 1739-1821. 
Beaufort, Edm., 2nd Duke of Somerset ; statesman 

and general, -1466. 
Beaufort, Edm. ; 4th Duke of Somerset, 1438*-1471. 
Beaufort, Franc, de Vendftme, Due de : grandson of 

Henri IV., 1616-1669, 
Beaufort, Sir Fos, : British rear-admiral and hydro- 

grapher, 1774-1857. 
Beaufort, Hy. : English cardinal and Bishop of Win- 
chester, 1377*-1447. 
Beaufort, Hy. : 3rd Duke of Somerset, 1436-1464. 
Beaufort, Jno., Marquis of Somerset : Lord High 

Admiral, 1373*-1410. 
Beaufort, Jno. : 1st Duke of Somerset, 1403-1444. 
Beaufort, Louis de ; French scholar and historian 

in Holland, -1795. 
Beaufort, Marg. ; Countess of Richmond, 1441-1509. 
Beaufort, Su; Thos., Duke of Exeter ; warrior and 

chancellor, -1426. 
Beautoy, Hy. ; Eng. Whig politician, -1795. 
Beautoy, Mark : English astronomer and physicist, 

1764-1827. 1- ' . 

Beaugrand, Honorfi ; Canadian new.spaper editor. 

1848-1006. 



48 



BEAUHARNAIS 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVEESAL BIOGRAPHY 



BECKER 



Beanharnais, Alex, de : French soldier in America, 

1760-1794. 
Beaubarnals. Count de la Boische de : natural son of 

Louis XIV., Fr. soldier in Canada, 1870»-1749. 
Beauharnais, Eugfine de : French Viceroy of Italy 

and stepson of Napoleon, 1781-1824. 
Beauharnais, Kortense Eugenie : Queen of Holland, 

1783-1837. 
Beauiiarnais, Josephine de : See Josephine. 
Beaujeu, Hyacinthe M. L. de : French soldier in 

Canada, 1711-1755. 
Beaujour, Louis F61ix de : French author and 

diplomatist, 1765-1836. 
Beaulieu, Jacques : See Baulot. 
Beaulieu, Luke de ; Fr. div. in England, -1723. 
Beaulieu, Marie Desir6 : French musical oomposer 

and writer on music, 1791-1863. 
Beaulieu, Seb. de Fontault, Sieur de : French general 

and engineer, ' Battles Lew. XIV.,' -1674. 
Beaulleu-Marconnay, Karl Olivier, Baron von : 

German diplomatist and historian, 1811-1889. 
Beaumanoir, Phil, de : French magistrate, jurist and 

poet, ' Coutumes de Beauvoisis,' 1250*-1296. 
Beaumarchais, Pierre Augustin Caron de : French 

dramatist, 1732-1799. 
Beaumelle, Laurence : Fr. letter writer, 1727-1773. 
Beaumetz, Dujardin : See Dujardin-Beaimietz. 
Beaumont, Sir Albanis : English draughtsman, 

engraver and painter, -1810*. 
Beaumont, Alex. Spink : Bng. mus. comp., 1842-1913. 
Beaumont, Basil : British rear-admiral, 1669-1703. 
Beaumont, Christophe : French archbishop and 

Archbishop of Paris, 1703-1781. 
Beaumont, F.lie de : Sec Elie de Beaumont. 
Beaumont, Fes. : English judge, -1598. 
Beaumont, Fes. : English dramatist, 1684-1616. 
Beaumont, Sir Geo. Howland : Eng. pntr., 1753-1827. 
Beaumont, Jean Bapt. Elie de ; Fr. geol., 1798-1874. 
Beaumont, Jean Louis Moreau de : French political 

writer, 1716-1785. 
Beaumont, Jno. : Bng. Master of the Rolls, fl, 1550. 
Beaumont, Sir Jno. : English poet, 1583-1627. 
Beaumont, Jno.: English colonel and pol., -1701. 
Beaumont, Jno. G. : Amer. naval officer, 1821-1882. 
Beaumont, Jno. Thos. Barber, ' Barber Beaumont ' : 

Eng. founder of insurance offices, 1774-1841. 
Beaumont, Jos. : Master of Peterhouse, Cambridge, 

and poet, 1616-1699. 
Beaumont, Jos. : Eng. Wesleyan minister, 1794-1855 . 
Beaumont, Louis de : Bishop of Durham, -1333. 
Beaumont, Phil. : See Tesimond, Oswald. 
Beaumont, Kob. de, Ct. of Meulan: Norman- 
English baron and statesman, -1118. 
Beaumont, Rob. de, Earl of Leicester : justiciary of 

England, 1104-1168. 
Beaumont, Rob. de. Earl of Leicester : baronial 

leader, -1190. 

Beaumont, Rob. : English divine, -1567. 
Beaumont, Rob. : English essayist, fl. 1639. 
Beaumont, Thos. Wentworth : Bng. pol., 1792-1848. 
Bueamont, Waleran de, Count of Meulan : Norman- 
English baron and statesman, 1104-1166. 
Beaumont, Wm. : American physician, 1796-1853. 
Beaumont de la Bonniire, G. Aug. de : French 

author, 1802-1866. 
Beaumont de Pereflxe, Hardoum : See Pereflxe. 
Beaune, Florimond de : Fr. mathem., 1601-1652. 
Beaurain, Jean de : French geographer, 1696-1771. 
Beauregard, Marq. de : Fr. adventurer, 1772*- 
Beauregard, Marq. Costa de : See Costa. 
Beauregard, Pierre Gust. Toutant : American 

soldier, 1S18-1893. 
Beaurlen, Gasp. Guillard de : French litt&ateur, 

' L'EWve de la Nature," 1728-1795. 
Beansobre, Isaac de : Fr. Prot. theologian, 1659-1738. 
Beausobre, Louis de : Fr. writer at Berlin, 1730-1783. 
Beauvals, Chas. Nic. : French physician, politician 

and writer, -1704. 

Beauvais, Guil. : French medallist, 1698-1773. 
Bcauvais, Jean Bapt. Chas. Marie de : French 

preacher, 1731-1790. 
BeanvUlier, Paul de : Fr. gen.and stateBm.,1648-1714. 
Beauvilliers, Ant. : French cook, 1754-1819. 
BeauvilUers, Fran?. Honorat de : French soldier, 

courtier and poet, 1607-1687. 
Beauvilliers, Paul Hipp. : French soldier and 

negotiator, 1684-1776. 



Beauvolr, Roger de (Eugtae Aug. Roger de Bully) : 

French writer, 1806-1866. 
Beauvois, Ambr. M. F. J. P. de : French naturalist 

and traveller, 1762-1820. 
Beauzde, Nic. : Fr. critic and gram., 1717-1789. 
Beaver, Jno. : Sec Castorius. 
Beaver, Phil. : British naval captain, 1763-1813. 
Beavor, Edmond : British naval captain, -1745. 
Beazley, Sam. : Bng. archt. and dram., 1786-1851. 
Bebel, Ferd. Aug. : German socialist leader and 

orator, 1840-1913. 
Bebel, Hein. : Germ, schol. and poet, 1472*-1516«. 
Babel, Joh. ; Swiss printer, fl. 1523-1550. 
Bebian, Roch Amb. Aug. ; Araer. educat., 1789-1834. 
Beccadelli, Ant., ' Panormita ' : Italian jurist and 

iittSrateur, 1394-1471. 
Beccadelli, Ludovico : Itahan biographer, 1502-1572. 
Beccafumi : See Mecarino. 
Beccafumi, Domenico di Pace : Italian religious 

painter and engraver, 1486-1651. 
Beccari, Augustine, of Ferrara : pastoral poet, 

1610»-1690. 
Beccari, Giacomo Bart. : Italian physician, philos- 
opher and scientific writer, 1682-1766. 
Beccaria, Bonesana Cesare, Marq. di ; Italian 

political economist and publicist, 1736-1794. 
Beccaria, Giov. Batt. : Italian electrician and 

physicist, 1716-1781. 
Beocuti, Franc, ' II Copetta " : Ital. poet, 1509-1563. 
Becerra, Diego : Spanish navigator, -1533. 
Becerra, Franc. : Span.-Amer. architect, fl. 16th cent. 
Becerra, Gasp. : Span, painter and sculp., 1520-1570. 
Beche, De la ; See De la Beche. 
Beche, Sir Hy. Thos. : Eng. geologist, 1796-1856. 
Becher, Alf. Jul. : English-German musician and 

politician, 3803-1848. 
Becher, Lady Eliza : Irish actress, 1791-1872. 
Becher,Hy. : Eng. divine and translator, fl. 1561. 
Becher, H. C. : Canadian soldier, -1915. 

Beeher, Jno. Thos. : English divine and social 

economist, 1770-1848. 
Beeher, Joh. Joachim : German chemist, physician, 

philologist and adventurer, 1635-1682. 
Beohler, Joh. Christ.: Morav.bp.in Amer,,1784-1857. 
Bechmann, Joh. : German philologist, 1570-1632. 
Bechstein, Fried. Wilh. Carl ; German piano maker, 

1826-1900. 
Bechstein, Joh. Matt. : Germ, ornith., 1767-1822. 
Bechstein, Eeinhold : German scholar, 1833-1894. 
Beck ; See also Bek. 

Beck, Bern, von ; German physician, 1821-1894. 
Beck, Cave : English writer on pasigraphy and 

cUvine, 1623-1706*. 
Beck, Chas. : American educationist, 1798-1866. 
Beck, Christ. Dan. : German philologist, historian, 

theologian and antiquary, 1757-1832. 
Beck, Dav. : Dutch port. pntr. in England, 1621-56. 
Beck, Franz : Germ, violinist and comp., 1731-1809. 
Beck, Fried. : German poet and scholar, 1806-1888. 
Beck, Geo. : Amer. poet and transistor, 1749-1812. 
Beck, Herra. Ludw. D. : Germ, philol., 1836-1878. 
Beck, Jakob Sigismund : Germ, philos., 1761-1840. 
Beck, Joh. Nepomuk : Hungarian singer, 1828-1893. 
Beek, Joh. Tobias : Germ.theol.andpreacher,1804-78. 
Beck,Jno.Brodhead: Amer.physn.andwr.,1798-1861. 
Beck, Karl Gottlob : Germ, bookseller, 1732-1802. 
Beek, Karl Isidor : Hung.-Germ. poet, 1817-1879. 
Beck, Lew. Caleb : American chemist and mineral- 
ogist, 1798-1863. 
Beck, Paul : American philanthropist, 1760*-1844. 
Beck, Theodoric Romeyn : Amer. physn., 1791-1865. 
Beck, Thos. Alcock : English annalist, 1796-1846. 
Becke, Edm. : Bug. theological writer, fl. 1560. 
Beeke, Geo. Louis : Australian novelist, 1857-1918. 
Becker, Alb. Ernst Anton : German musical com- 
poser, 1834-1899. 
Becker, Alb. Gerh. : German Hellenist, 1770-1843. 
Becker, Aug. : German man of letters, 1828-1891 ' 
Becker (Bekker), Balth. : Dutch divine, 1634-1698. 
Becker, Carl Ferd. : German organist and musical 

composer, 1804-1877. 
Beoker, Clemens : Germ. Cath. theologian, 1724-90. 
Becker, Constantin Jul. : German musical composer 

and novelist, 1811-1859. 
Becker, Dan. : German physician, 1594-1655. 
Becker, Dietrich : German violinist and musical 

composer, fl. 1644-1668. 



49 



BECKER 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BEER 



Becker, Ferd. Willi. : Germ. nat. philos., 1805-1834. 
Becker, Hein. : German actor, 1770-1822. 
Becker, Herm. Hein. : Germ, politician^ 1820-1895. 
Becker, Jac. : German painter, 1810-1872. 
Becker, Jac. : German archseologist, 1820-1883. 
Becker, Jean ; German violinist, 1833-1884. 
Becker, Karl : German statistician, 1823-1896. 
Becker, Karl Ferd. : Germ. hist, of music, 1804-1877. 
Becker, Lydia Ernestine : English advocate of 

women's suffrage, 1827-1890. 
Becker, Nic. : German poet, 1816-1845. 
Becker, Otto : German oculist, 1828-1890. 
Beoker,Ulrich Justus Herm. : Germ, pbilol. ,1791-1843. 
Becker, WUh. Ad. : Germ, class. archsBol., 1796-1846. 
Becker, Wilh. Gottlieb : Germ, philol., 1763-1813. 
Beckerath, Moritz von : Germ, liist. pntr., 1838-1896. 
Beckers, Hubert Karl Philipp : Germ. ph!Ios.,1806-89. 
Beeket, Isaac : Eng. mezzotinto engraver. 1653-1719. 
Becket, Thos. k : Archbishop of Canterbury and 

Chancellor, 1118*-1170. 
Becket, Wm. : Eng. surgeon and antiq., 1684-1738. 
Beckett, Sir Edm., 1st Baron Grimthorpe : lawyer, 

inv., archt.,mechanicianandcontrovers ,1816-1905. 
Beckett, Isaac ; See Becket. 

BecMord, Pet. : Eng. Master of Foxhounds,1740-1811. 
Beckford, Wm. : twice Lord Mayor of London, 

1709-1770. 
Beckford, Wm. : EngHsh historian, -1799. 
Beckford, Wm. : West Indian planter, 1709-1770. 
Beckford, Wm. : English romancist and art collector, 

1760-1844. 
Beckingham, Chas. : Bug. dram, and poet, 1699-1731. 
Beckingham, EUas de : English judge, -1305*. 
Beckington (Bekynton), Thos : Bishop of Bath and 

Wells, and Privy Seal, 1390«-1465. 
Beckinsall, Jno. : See Bekinsau. 
Beckley, Wm. : EngUsh Carmelite, -1438. 
Beckman, Sir Martin : English and Swedish soldier 

and engineer, -1702. 
Beckmann, Franz : Germ. Oath, historian, 1810-68. 
Beckmann, Joh. Ant. : German philologist and 

scientific writer, 1739-1811. 
Beckwith, Bdw. Griffin : Amer. brig.-gen., 1818-81. 
Beckwith, Sir Geo. : British Ueutenant-general and 

Governor of Bermuda, 1753-1823. 
Beckwith, Geo. C. : Amer. Congreg. minister, 1800-70. 
Beckwith, Jno. Chas. : British general, 1789-1862. 
Beckwith, Jno. Christmas : Eng. org., 1750-1809. 
Beckwith, Josiah : English antiquary, 1734- 
Beckwith, Thos : Eng. artist and antiq., -1786. 
Beckwith, Sir Thos. Sydney : British Ueutenant- 
general, 1772-1831. 
B^clard, Pierre Augustin : Fr. anat., 1788-1825. 
Becman, Jno. Christopher : historian and gram- 
marian, 1641-1717. 
Becmann, Christ. : German philologist, 1580-1648. 
Beckwourth, Jas. P. : American pioneer, 18D0*-1867. 
Beckx, Pierre Jean : Belgian general of the Jesuits, 

1796-1887. 
Becon, Jno. : English divine, -1587. 
Becon (Beacon), Rich. : Irish administrator and 

author, fl. 1594. 
Becon, Thos. : English reformer, 1512-1567. 
Becque, Hy. Fran?. : French dramatist, 1837-1899. 
Becquer, Gustavo Adolfo : Spanish writer and 

romance writer, 1836-1870. 
Becguerel, Alex. Edm. : French scientist, 1820-1891. 
Becquerel, Ant. C6sar : French electrician, 1788-1878. 
Becquerel, Ant. Hen. : Fr. physicist, 1852-1908. 
Becquet, Ant. : Celestine monk, historian of his 

Order, 1654-1730. 
Bectoz, Claudine de : French abbess and letter writer, 

1480*-1547. 
Beda, Noel : doctor of the Sorbonne, -1537. 
Bedard, Pierre : Canadian jurist, 1763-1827. 
Bedaresi, Yedaiah : Provencal Jewish poet, physician 

and philosopher, 1270-1340. 
Beddoe, Jno. : Eng. physn. and anthropol., 1826-1911. 
Beddoes, Thos. : English physician and medical and 

scientific writer, 1760-1808. 
Beddoes, Thos. Lovell : English poet, dramatist and 

physiologist, 1803-1849. 
Beddome, Ben. : English hymn-writer, 1717-1795. 
Bede {Bseda), ' The Venerable ' ; English ecclesiasti- 
cal historian, 673-735. 
Bede, Cuthbert (Edw. Bradley) : Bug. wr., 1827-89. 
Bedel, Hy. : English divine, fl. 1571. 



Bedel, Jno. : Amer. bric.-general, 1822-1875. 
Bedel, Tim. : Amer. major-general, 1740-1787. 
Bedell, Greg. Thurston : Amer. P.B. bishop, 1817-92. 
Bedell, Greg. Townsend : Amer. divine and author, 

1793-1834. 
Bedell, Wm. : Bp. of KUmore and Ardagh, 1571-1642. 
Bedell-Sivright, Dav. Revell : Scottish footbillar, 

1880-1915. 
Bedeman (Stevine). Lawr. . EngUsh scholar and 

WicUffite, fl. 1372-1410. 
Bederic {De Bury), Hy.; Eng. monk and theol., fl. 1380. 
Bedford, Countess of : See Russell, Lucy. 
Bedford, Duke of : See Plantagenet, Jno. 
Bedford, Dukes and Earls of ; See Russell. 
Bedford, Arth. : English divine and writer against the 

stage, 1668-1745. 
Bedford, Fes. : English bookbinder, 1799-1883. 
Bedford, Sir Fred. Geo. Denham : British admiral 

and colonial governor, 1838-1913. 
Bedford, Gunning : Ueutenant-colonel and Governor 

of Delaware, 1730*-1797. 
Bedford, Gunning S. : Amer. physician, 1806-1870. 
Bedford, Hilklah : Eng. Nonjuring divine, 1663-1724. 
Bedford, Jno. : EngUsh Wesleyan divine, 1810-79. 
Bedford, Paul : EngUsh comedian, 1792*-1871. 
Bedford, Thos. : English theologian, fl. 1650. 
Bedford, Thos. : EngUsh Nonjuror and Church his- 
torian, -1773. 
Bedford, Wm. : British admiral, 1764*-1827. 
Bedford, Wm. Kirkpatrick Riland : EngUsh anti- 
quary and genealogist, 1826-1905. 
Bedinger, Geo. Mich. : American soldier, 1750*-1830*. 
Bedinger, Hy. : American diplomatist, 1810-1858. 
Bedingfeld, Thos. : English poet, 1760-1789. 
Bedingfleld (Benifleld), Sir Hy. : English supporter of 

Queen Mary and Constable of the Tower, 1511-83. 
Bedingfleld, Sir Hy. : EngUsh judge, 1633-1687. 
Bedingfleld, Thos. : English miscell. wr., -1613. 
Bedingfleld, Sir Thos. : EngUsh judge, 1593*-1661. 
Bedloe, Wm. : English informer, 1650-1680. 
Bedmar, Alfonso de Cueva, Marquis of : Spanish 

cardinal and diplomatist, 1572-1655. 
Bedon, Peter : South American divine. -1561. 
Bedos de Celles, Pran?. Benedict, of St. Maur : 

writer on music, 1706-1779. 
Bedrot, Jac. : German philologist, -1541. 
Bedwell, Thos. : EngUsh mathematician and miUtary 

engineer, -1595. 
Bedwell, Wm. : Eng. div. and topog.. 1561(2)-1632. 
Bedyll, Thos. : Clerk of the Privy Council, -1537. 
Bee, St. : See Begha. 

Bee, Bern. B. : Amer. brigadier-general, 1823-1861. 
Bee, Hy. Jubilee : American pioneer, 1810- 
Bee, Thos. : American patriot, 1729- 
Beeard (Beard, Berde), Rich. : EngUsh author, 

fl. 1553-1574. 
Beebe, Bezaleel : American soldier, 1741-1824. 
Beecham, Jno. : English Wesleyan divine and 

historical and misceUaneous writer, 1787-1856. 
Beecham, Thos. : EngUsh patent medicine vendor, 

1820-1907. 
Beecher, Cath. Esther : Amer. educat., 1800-1878. 
Bcecher, Chas. Emerson : Amer. palaeont., 1856-1904 
Beecher, Edw. : Amer. divine and author, 1803-1895 
Beecher, Fred. Hy. : American soldier, 1841-1868. 
Beecher, Geo. : American divine, 1809-1843. 
Beecher, Hy. Ward : American preacher and reformer, 

1813-1887. 
Beecher, Jas. Chaplin : American divine, 1828-1886. 
Beecher, Lyman : Amer. theologian, 1775-1863. 
Beecher, WiUis Judson : American divine, Hebraist, 

Biblical and theological writer, 1838-1912. 
Beechey, Fred. Wm. : British admiral, geographer 

and Arctic navigator, 1796-1856. 
Beechey, Geo. D. : Eng. port, pntr., fl. 1817-1855. 
Beechey, Hy. Wm. : Eng. pntr. and expl., -1870*. 
Beechey, Sir Wm., R.A. : Eng. port, pntr., 1753-1839. 
Beeching, Jas. : EngUsh inventor, 1788-1858. 
Beedome, Thos. ; EngUsh poet, -1641 ♦. 
Beeger, Julius : German schoolmaster, 1829-1899. 
Beek : See Bek and Calkoen. 
Beek, David : See Beck. 
Beeke, Hy. : Dean of Bristol, 1751-1837. 
Beekman, Gerardus : Colonial Governor of New 

York, -1728*. 
Beekman, Jas. Wm. : American senator, 1815-1877. 
Beer, Jan de : See Palude. 



50 



BEER 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BELKNAP 



Beer, Jos. : Bohemian musician, 1744-1811. 
Beer, Karl : German pliilologist, -1844. 
Beer, Mayer : See Meyerbeer. 
Beer, Micli. : German dramatist, 1800-1833. 
Beer, Willi. : German astronomer, 1797-1850. 
Beere, Fanny Mary (Mrs. Bern. Beere) (nfe Wliite- 

liead) : Engliali actress, 1856-1915. 
Beerestraaten, Jan : Dutcli painter, 1622-1687. 
Beering, Veit : SeeBeliring, 

Beemaert, Auguste : Belgian statesman, 1829-1912. 
Beers, Ethel Lynn : American authoress and poetess, 

1827-1879. 
Beers, Hy. Augastin : American author, 1847- 
Beesley, Alf . : English topographer, 1800-1847. 
Beesley, or Blsley, Geo. : Eng. B..C. miss., -1591. 
Beesly, Edw, Spencer : English historian and 

essayist, 1831-1915. 
Beest, Alb. van : American marine pntr., 1820-1860. 
Beeston, Sir Wm. ; Lt.-Gov. of Jamaica, 1638- 
Beethoven, Ludw. van : Germ, mus. comp, , 1770-1827. 
Beets, Nikolans (' Bates ') : Dutch noveUst, poet and 

translator, 1814-1903. 
Beetz, Wilh. : German physicist, 1822-1866. 
Beevor, Chas. Edw. : English physician and medical 

writer, 1854-1908. 
Beffara, Louis Franc. : French collector of objects of 

musical interest, 1751-1838. 
Beffroy de Relgny, Louis Abel : French dramatist 

and man of letters, 1757-1811. 
Bega, Saint : fl. 8th century. 

Bega, Cornells Pietersz ; Dutch painter, 1620-1664. 
Begarelli, Ant. : Ital. modeller in clay, 1498*-1565*. 
Begas, Elarl : German historical, genre and portrait 

piinter, 1794-1854. 
Begas, Keinhold : German sculptor, 1831-1911. 
Begble, Jas. : Scottish physician, 1798-1869. 
Begbie, Jas. Warburton : Scot physician. 1826-1876. 
Beger (Boeger), Jjor. : Germ, arctueolo^st, 1653-1705. 
Begeyn, Abr. : Dutch painter, 1850-1710*. 
Begg, Jas. : Scot. Free Church minister, 1808-1883. 
Begh or Le Bigue : founder of I/es Beguines, -1177. 
Begha (Beg, Begga, Begagh) : Irish saint, -660*. 
Begnis, Claudina Bjonzi de {rUe Bonzl] ; French 

singer, 1800*-1853. 
Begnis, Gius. de : Italian singer, 1793-1849. 
Begon, Mich. ; French collector of books and anti- 
quities, 1638-1710. 
Begrez, Pierre Ignaz : French singer, 1783-1863. 
BeguUlet, Edm. : French writer on agriculture 

and domestic economy, -1786. 
Beha Ud-din, Abdul Mahasin Yusuf ibn Safl ibn 
Shaddad: Arabian writer and statesman. 1145-1234. 
Beha ad-din Ziihair, Abdul Fadl Zuhair ibn Mahom- 

med al Muliallabi : Arabian poet, 1186-1258. 
Behaghel, Wilh. Jac. : German jurist, 1824-1896. 
Behalm (Behem), Mart. ; German geographer and 

navigator, 1436»-1507. 
Behaine, Ct. Lef^vre de : Fr. diplomatist, 1828-1897. 
Beham, Barth. : Germ. pntr. and engrav., 1502-1540. 
Beham, Hans Sebald : German painter and engraver 

at Rome, 1500-1550*. 
Behelm, Mich. : German meistersinger, 1416-1474*. 
Behm, Em. ; German geographer, 1830-1884. 
Behmen (Boehm), Jac. : Germ, theosoph., 1575-1624. 
Behn, Aphra (rj^ Johnson) : English dramatist, 

poetess and novelist, 1640-1689. 
Behnes (Burlowe), Hy. : Eng. sculptor, -1837. 
Behnes, Wm. : Irish sculptor, 1794-1864. 
Behr, Pried. : German meistersinger, fl. 1588. 
Belir, Hein : German vocalist and actor, 1821-1897. 
Behr, Isarschar Falkensohn : Germ, poet, 1746-1781. 
Behr, Wm. Jos. : Germ, publicist and wr., 1776-1851. 
Behrend, Friedr.. Jac. : Germ, physician, 1803-1889. 
Behrends, Pet. Wilh. : German theologian and 

historian, 1773-1854. 
Bebrens, Con. Berthold : Germ, physn,, 1860-1736. 
Behrens, Geo. : German chemist, 1662-1712. 
Behrens, Thos. Geo. ; Germ, physicist, 1775-1813. 
Behring (Bering), Veit. ; Dan. navigator, 1680*-1741. 
Belch (Beisch), Joach. Franz : German painter and 

engraver, 1665-1748, 
Beier, Karl Fried. A. : Germ, phllol., 1790-1828. 
Beierlein, Joh. Pet. ; Germ, numismat., 1802-187*^. 
Beighton,Hy.,P.H..S.; Eng. surv. and engr., -1743. 
Beighton, Thos, : English missionary, 1790-1844. 
Bellby, Ralph : English engraver, 1744-1817. 
Bellby, Wm. ; Scottish physician, 1783-1849, 



51 



Beinaschi (Benaschi), Giov. Batt. : Italian historical 

pamter, 1634-1688. 
Beisbarth, Karl : German architect, 1809-1878. 
BeisseC Joh. Kon. : Germ.-Amer, mystic, 1690-1768. 
Beit, Alf. : German-South-African financier and 

benefactor, 1853-1906. 
Beith, Alex, : Scottish divme, 1799-1891. 
Belth (Beeth), Wm. : Eng, Domin, writer, fl, 148", 
Beithar : African botanist and physician, -1248, 
Bejart, Armande Gresinde Claire Eliz, . French 

actress, 1645-1700, 
Bejart, Loids : French actor, 1630*-1678, 
Bejart, Madeleme ; French actress, 1618-1672. 
Bek, Antony : Bishop of Durtiam, -1311. 
Bek, Ant, : Bishop of Norwich, 1279-1343. 
Bell (Beck, Beek), Day. : Dutch painter, 1621-1656. 
Bek, Thos. : Bishop of St. David's, -1293. 
Bek, Thos. : Bishop of Luicoln, 1282-1347. 
Beke, Chas. TiLstone : English geographer. Biblical 

critic and Abyssinian explorer, 1800-1874, 
Bekinsau (Beckinsall), Jno, : English scholar and 

divine, 1496*-1559, 
Bekker, Aug, Imm. ; German philologist and 

critic, 1785-1871. 
Bekker, Balth., of Amsterdam : theol,, 1634-1698. 
Bekker, Eliz, Wolff : Dutch novelist, 1738-1804, 
Bekker, Eman, : German philologist, 1785- 
Bekker, Geo, Jos. : German philologist, 1792-1837. 
Bekkh, Joh. Jos. : German poet, fl. 1650-1671. 
Bekynton. Thos. : See Beckington. 
Eel, Carl And,, of Leipsic : philos, and poet, 1717-82, 
Bel, Jean Jacques : French man of letters, ' Diction- 

nalre If6ologique,' 1693-1738. 
Bel, Matth. : Hung, divine and historian, 1684-1749, 
Bela I. : King of Hungarj-, -1063. 
Bela n. : King of Hungary, -1141. 
Bela III. .- King of Hungary, -1196, 
Bela IV. : Kmg of Hungary, 1206-1270. 
Belaiev, Mitrophane Petrovich : Russian music 

publisher, 1836-1904. 
Belanger, Sol. : Canadian voyager, -1863. 

Belasyse (Bellows, Bellowsesse), Ant. : English 

civilian, -1552. 

Belasyse, Jno, : Baron Belasyse, 1614-1689, 
Belasyse, Thos, : Earl Fauconberg, 1627-1700. 
Belcamp, Jan van : Dutch painter, -1653. 
Beleher, Sir Edw. : British admiral, 1799-1877. 
Belcher, Jas. : English prize-fighter, 1781-1811. 
Belcher, Jno., B.A, : English architect, 1843*-1913, 
Beleher, Jon, : Governor of Massachusetts and New 

Jersey, 1681-1767. 
Belcher, Jon. : American jurist, 1710-1776. 
Belcher, Jos, : Amer, div. and author, 1794-1859, 
Belcher, Tom : English pugilist, 1783-1854. 
Belchiam, Thos, : Eng, Franciscan fri,ar, 1508-1537. 
Belchier, Daubridecourt (Dawbridgecourt) ; English 

dramatist, 1580*-1621. 
Belchier, Jno,, F,It,S, ; Eng. surgeon, 1706-1785. 
Belcke, Fried. Aiigusf: Germ, music, 1795-1874, 
Belden, Jos, : American pioneer, 1815- 
Beldham, W, : English cricketer, 1766-1862, 
Belehetzi (Belejetzi) : King of Quichf, -1524, 
Beler, Roger de : English judge, -1326, 
Belesme, Rob, de : See BeilSme! 
Belet, Mich, : English judge, fl. 1182. 
Belet, Mich. : English judge, fl. 1238. 
Beleth, Jno, : Eng, theological writer, fl. 1182*. 
Belfast, Earl of : See Chichester, Fred. Wm. 
Belford, Wm, : British general, 1709-1780, 
Belfour, Hugo Jno,, ' St, Jno, Dorset ' : Englisli 

poet, 1802-1827, 
Bellour, Jno, : English Orientalist and miscellaneous 

writer, 1768-1842. 
Belfrage, Hy, de : Scottish divine of the Secession 

Church, 1774-1835, 
Belgrade, James : Italian .Tesuit, mathematician, 

antiquary and poet, 1704-1789. 
Bcigrano, Manuel ; S, Amer, patriot, -1820, 

Belhaven, Lords : See Hamilton, 
Belidor, Bern, Forest de : French engineer and 

mathematician, 1693-1761. 
Belimarkovitsch, Gen. : Regent of Servia, -1906 
Belin de Ballu : French Hellenist, 1753-1S15. 
Beling, Rich. : Irish rebel, 1613-1677. 
Eelisarius : Roman general, 505*-S65, 
Beljame, .tlc.x, : French writer, 1S42-1906. 
Belknap : See also Bealknap. 



BELKNAP 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BELLI 



Belknap, Geo. Eugeae ; Amer. admiral, 1832-1903. 

Belknap, Jeremy : American divine, historian and 
biographer, 1744-1798. 

Belknap, Wm. Goldsmith: Amer. brig.-gen.,1794-1861, 

Belknap, Wm. Worth : Amer. brig.-gen., 1829-1890. 

Bell,Alex.Melville ; American educationist, 1819-1905. 

Bell, Alex. Montgomery : Scot. wr. on law, 1808-66. 

Bell, And. : Scottish engraver, 1726-1809. 

Bell, And. : Scot. div. and educat., 1763-1832. 

Bell, Arch. : Scottish miscellaneous writer, 1755-1854. 

Bell, Beaupr§: English antiquary, 1704-1745. 

Bell, Ben, : Scottish surgeon, 1749-1806. 

Bell, Sir Chas., F.U.S. : Scottish anat., 1774-1842. 

Bell, Chas. Fred. Moberly : English newspaper 
manager, 1847-1911. 

Bell, Chas. H. : American rear-admiral, 1798-1875. 

Bell, Ourrer : See Bronte. 

Bell, Dav. ; Scottish authority on history of ship- 
building, 1838*-1913. 

Bell, F. : English cricketer, -1871. 

Bell, Fes. : English Franciscan Mar, 1590-1643. 

Bell, Sir Geo. : British general, 1794-1877. 

Bell, Geo. Chas. ; English divine and lieadmaster of 
Marlborough College, 1832-1913. 

Bell, Geo. Jos. : Scottish jurist, 1770-1843. 

Bell, Hy. : Scottish engineer and originator of steam 
navigation in England, 1767-1830. 

Bell, Hy. Glassford : Scottish poet, judge and man 

of letters, 1803-1874. 
Bell, Hy. H. ; American rear-admiral, 1808*-1868. 
Bell, Hy. Nugent : Irish genealogist, 1792-1822. 
Bell, Horace : English engmeer, 1839-1903. 
Bell, Sir Isaac Lowthian: English chemist and in- 
dustrialist, 1816-1904. 
Bell, Jac. ; English founder of the Pharmaceutical 

Society, art patron and druggist, 1810-1859. 
Bell, Jas. : English Rom. Cath. priest, 1524-1584. 
Bell, Jaa. : English reformer, fl. 1651-1596. 
Bell, Jas. : American senator, 1804-1857. 
Bell, Jas. : Scottish geographical writer, 1769-1833. 
Bell, Jaa. : Irish chemist, \824-1908. 
Bell, Jas. Kich. : Anglo-Indian engineer, 1842-1913. 
Bell, Jno. : Bishop of Worcester, -1556. 
Bell, Jno., of Antermonv : Scottish trav., 1691-1780. 
Bell, Jno. : English artillerist, 1747-1798 
Bell, Jno. : Scottish anat. and surg. ^vr., 1763-1820. 
Bell, Jno. : English publisher, 1746-1831. 
Bell, Jno. : English barrister, 1764-1836. 
Bell, Jno. : American statesman, 1707-1809. 
Bell, Jno. : Irish-American physician, 1796-1872. 
Bell, Sir Jno. : British general, 1782-1876. 
Bell, Jno. : English sculptor, 1811-1895. 
Bell, Jno. Montgomerie : Scottish advocate, 1804-62. 
Bell, Jon. Anderson : Scottish architect, -1865. 
Bell, Sir Jos. : English officer, 1794^1877. 
Bell, Joshua Thos. : Australian speaker, 1863-1911. 
Bell, Louis : American soldier, 1836-1865. 
Bell, Luther V. : American physician, 1806-1862. 
Bell, Lady Maria : Eng. amateur painter, -1826. 
Bell, Pat. ; Scottish inventor of reaping-machine, 

1799-1869. 
Bell, Rob. : English judge, -1677. 
Bell, Rob. : Irish miscellaneous writer, 1800-1867. 
Bell, Rob. Chas. : Scottish line engraver, 1806-1872, 
Bell, Sam. : Governor of N. Hampshire, 1770-1850. 
Bell, Sam. Dana : American jurist, 1798-1868. 
Bell, Thos. : English anti-Romanist wr., fl. 1673-1610. 
Bell, Thos. : Scottish divine, 1733-1802. 
Bell, Thos. : English antiquary, 1786-1860. 
Bell, Thos., F.R.S.: Eng. dentist andnat., 1792-1880. 
Bell, Val. Graeme: Engiieh- West-Indian engineer, 

1839-1908. 
Bell, Wm. : English lawyer, fl. 1699. 
Bell, Wm. : archdeacon of St. Albans, 1625-1683. 
Bell, Wm. : English portrait painter, 1740'-1804*. 
Bell, Wm. : English divine and founder of scholar- 
ship, 1731-1816. 
Bella, Steph. della : Ital, etcher in copper, 1610-64. 
Bellairs, Sir Wm. : British general, 1828-1913. 
Bellamont, Earl of : See Coote, Rich. 
Bellamont, Viscount : See Bard, Hy. 
Bellamy, Dan. : English miscell. writer, 1687- 
Bellamy, Dan. : English divine and miscellaneous 

writer, -1788. 
Bellamy, Edw. : American journalist and i?ocialist 

writer, * Looking Backward,* 1850-1898, 
Bellamy, Geo, Anne : Irish actre.^'s, 1727-1788. 



Bellamy, Jac. : Dutch poet, 1757-1786. 

Bellamy, Jas. : president of St. John's College, 

Oxford, 1819-1909. 
Bellamy, Jno. : English publisher of American books, 

fl. 1622-1647. 
Bellamy, Jos. : American divine, theologian and 

author, 1719-1790. 
Bellamy, Rich. : English vocalist, 1771-1813. 
Bellamy, Thos. : Eng. miscellaneous wr., 1745-1800. 
Bellamy, Thos. Ludford ; English singer and musical 

tutor, 1770-1843. 
Bellang§, Eugene: French painter, 1839-1895. 
Bellange, Jacques : Fr. pntr. and engrav., 1594-1638. 
Bellange, Jos. Louis Hipp. : Fr. painter, 1800-1866. 
Bellarmino, Rob. I'rancesco Romolo : Italian 

cardinal and theologian, 1542-1621. 
Bellasis : See also Belasyse. 

Bellasis, Edw. : English serjeant-at-law, 1800-1873. 
Bellay, Guil. du : French general, 1491-1543. 
Bellay, Jean du : French cardinal and statesman, 

149a-1560. 
Bellay, Joachim du: ' The French Ovid,' 1624*-1560. 
Bellay, Mart, du : French negotiator, -1569. 
Belle, Alexis Simon : French port, pntr., 1674-1734. 
Belle, Gaston : French diplomatist, -1913. 
Belle, Steph. de la : See Bella. 
Belleau, Reml : French pastoral poet, 1628*-1577. 
Bellecour, Berne: French painter, 1838-1910. 
Bellecour, Colson de : French comic actor, 1726-1778. 
Belleforest, Fran?, de : Fr. hist, writer, 1580-1583. 
Bellegarde, Gab. du Pac : Fr. critic and hist., 1717-89. 
Bellegarde, Hein. Jos. Johannes, Count von : 

Austrian soldier and statesman, 1756-1846. 
Bellegarde, Jean Bapt. Morran de : French ex- 
Jesuit, Cartesian and writer, 1648-1734. 
Bellelsle, Chas. Louis Aug. Fonquet, Duke de : 

French marshal and statesman, 1684-1761. 
Bellelsle, Louis Chas. Armand Fonquet, Count of : 

French general, 1693-1746. 
Belleman (Belmain), Jno. : French tutor to Edward 

VI., fl. 1553. 

Bellemare, de Carey de : I'reuch general, 1824-1905. 

BellSrae, Rob. of, • Talvas ' : Earl of Shrewsbury. 

fl. 1098. ' 

Bellenden, Adam : Bishop of Dunblane and Aberdeen. 

-1639*. 
Bellenden (Ballenden, Ballentyne), Jno. : Scottish 

poet, fl. 1533-1587. 
Bellenden, Su: Jno. : Scottish lawyer, -1567. 
Bellenden, Su: Lewis, Lord Auchinoul : Scottish 

lawyer, 1663»-1591. 
Bellenden, Wm. : Scottish Ciceronian scholar. 1550 

(60)-1633*. 
Bellenden, Wm., Lord Bellenden : Treasurer-Deputy 

of Scotland, -1671. 
Bellenger, Franp. : Doctor of Sorbonne and classical 

translator, 1688-1749. 
Bellermann, Constantin : German musical composer, 

1696-1758. 
Bellermann, Joh. Fried. : German philologist and 

writer on music, 1796-1873. 
Bellermann, J, Gottfried Heinrich : German musical 

composer, 1832-1903. 
Bellermann, Joh. Joachim : German philologist 

and musician, 1754-1842. 
Bellers, Fettiplace, F.R.S. : English dramatist and 

philosophical writer, 1687-1750*. 
Bellers, Jno. : Bug. philanth. and wr., 1664-1725 
Bellers, Wm. : Eng. lauds, pntr., fl. 1761-74. 
Belief, Chas. : Fr. religious writer, 1702-71 
Bellettl, Giov. : Italian singer, 1813- 
Bellevois, H. : Germ, marine painter, -1684 
Bellew, Harold Kyrle : English actor, 1855-1911. 
Bellew, Hy. Walter : Brit, surg.-gen., 1834-92 
Bellew, Jno. Chippendall Montesquieu: English 

author, preacher and public reader, 1823-1874 
Bellew, Rich. : Enriish law reporter, fl. 1585. 
Belley, Augustin : Fr. antiq. and libr., 1697-1771 
Bellhaver, Vincenzo : Ital. org,, -1588*. 
Belli, Domenico : Italian musical comno'ser and 

teacher, fl. 1610-1616. 
Belli, Gfcolamo: Italian musician and composer, 

111 J.uo^ — loll. 

Belli, Giulio : Ital. music, and composer, 1660*- 
Belll, Gius. Gioachino : Ital. poet, 1791-1868 
Belli, Maria {nie Contard) : German leader of society 
and writer, 1788-1883. 



52 



BELLIARD 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BENEDICT 



BeUiard, Augustm Dan., Ct. de : Fr. general and 

diplomatist, 1769-1882. 
Bellier, Pierre : Fr. philologist, fl. 16th cent. 
Bellievre, Pomponiiis : Fr. statesman, l.')29-1607. 
Bellin, Jacques Nic. : Fr. marine geog., 1703-1772. 
Bellinger, Fes. : English physician, -1721. 
Bellingham, Sir Edw. : Lord Deputy of Ireland, 

-1549. 
Bellingham, Jno. : English assassin o£ Premier, 

1771*-1S12. 
Bellingham, Kich. : English Colonial Governor of 

Massachusetts, 1592*-1672. 
BelUngs, Uich. : Irish historian, -1677. 
BelUni, Filippo : Italian painter, fl. 1694. 
Bellini, Gentile : Venetian portrait and religious 
painter. Sent to Constantinople as ' the best 
painter in Venice,' 1429-1507. 
Bellini, Giovanni : Venet. rel. pntr., 1426-1516. 
Bellini, J'acopo : Venet. painter, 1400*-1470(1). 
Bellini, Lor. : Italian medical writer, physician and 

anatomist, 1643-1704. 
Bellini, Vine. ; Ital. musical composer, 1801-1835. 
Bellius, Mart. : See Castalio. 
Bellmann, Carl Mich. : Swedish poet, 1740-1795. 
Bellmann, Joh. Arnd. ; Swedish professor of 

rhetoric,1664-1710. 
Bello, And. : Spanish-American poet and scholar, 

1781-1865. 
Belloc, Teresa Glorgi ; Italian actress and vocalist, 

1784-1855. 
Bellocq, Pierre : French satkist, 1645-1704. 
Bellotago (Bellafago) : See Beauieu. 
Bellomont ; See Beaumont and Bellamont. 
Bolloni, Jerome ; Roman banker, ' Essay on Com- 
merce,* -1761. 
Bellorl, Giov. Pietro : Italian antiquary and bio- 
grapher, 1615-1696. 
Bellos'te, Augustin : French surgeon, 1654-1730, 
Bellot, Hugh: Bp. of Chester, 1542-1596. 
Bellot, Jos. Kens : French Arctic explorer, 1826-1853. 
Bellot, Thos. : English naval surgeon and philolo- 
gist, 1S06-1857. 
Bellotti, Pet. : Italian portrait painter and carica- 
turist, 1625-1700. 
Bellotto, Bernardo ; Venet. painter, 1720(4)-1780. 
Bellows, Alb. F. : Amer..painter, 1829-1883. 
Bellows, Ben. : American brigadier-general and 

politician, 1740-1802. 
Bellows, Hy. Adams : Amer. jurist, 1303-1873. 
Bellows, Hy. Whitney : Amer. divine, 1814-1882. 
Bellows, Jno. : English printer, archaeologist, travel- 
ler, lexicographer and miscell, wr., 1831-1902. 
Belloy, Dormont de (Pierre Laurent Buirette) : 

French dramatist, 1727-1775, 
Bellucei, Antonio : Italian historical and portrait 

painter, 1654-1726. 
Bellurger, Claude : Fr. philologist, -1622*. 
Belmas, Louis : ' The last French Constitutional 

bishop,' 1757-1841. 
Beimels (Belesmaius), Jno., 'John of the Fair Hands ': 

Archbishop of Lyons, -1203*. 
Beimels (Beaumeis), Uich. de, ' Rufus ' ; Bishop of 

London, -11 28. 

Beimels (Beaumeis), Rich, de : Bishop of London. 

-1162. 
Belmont, Aug. ; German- American financier, diplom- 
atist and art collector, 1816-1890. 
Belmont, Fes. Vachon de : Fr. miss., -1732. 
Belmont, Oliver Perry : American banker and sports- 
man, 1857-1908. 
Beloe, Wm. : Eng. schol., critic and div.. 1766-1817. 
Belon, Pierre : Fr. nat. and traveller. 1517-1564. 
B^lost, Augustin : Fr. surgeon, 1654-1730. 
Below, Gustav Fried. Eugen von : German soldier 

and diplomatist, 1791-1852. 
Helper, Lord : See Strutt. 

Belsham, Thos. : Eng. Unitarian div., 1750-1829. 
Belsham, Wm. : English political essayist and his- 
torian, 1752-1827. 
Belshazzar : Babylonian general, fl. b.o. 640. 
Belson, Jno. : English Roman Catholic controver- 
sialist, fl. 1688. 
Belson, Thos. : Eng. R,C. conspirator, -1589. 
Belsunce, Hen. Fran^. Xavier de : Bishop of Mar- 
seilles, 1671-1755. 
Belt, Thos. : Eng. geologist and nat., 1832-1878. 
Belton, Fes. S. : American soldier, 1790*-1861. 



BeltrafSo, Giov. Ant. : Italian painter, 1467-1516. 
Beltrami, Giaco Const. : Ital. explorer, 1779-1865. 
Beltran de Santa Rosa, Frav Ped. : Mexican author, 

fl. 1746. 
Beltz, Geo. Fred. . Eng. herald and genealogist, 

1777-1841. 
Belvidere, Abate Andrea : Neapolitan flower 

painter, 1648-1732. 
Belville, Jno. Hy. : Eng. astronomer, 1796-1856. 
Belzoni, Giov. Batt. : Italian traveller, actor and 

engineer, 1778-1823. 
Bem, Jos, : Polish gen. and Turk, pasha, 1795-1850. 
Beman, Nath. Sydney Smith ; American divine, 

1785-1871. 
Bembo, Pietro : Italian cardinal, historian and poet, 

1470-1547. 
Bemetzricder : Fr,-Eng. wr. on music, 1743*-1817. 
Bemmel, Willem van : Dutch landscape painter, 

1630-1708. 
Ben, Geo. : Irish historian, 1801-1882. 
Ben (Bane, Bene, Bennet or Biort), Jas. : Bishop of 

St. Andrews, -1332. 
Benade, And. : Moravian bishop, 1769-1859. 
Benalcazar (Belalcizar), Seb. de : Spanish soldier in 

Colombia, -1550. 
Bfinard, Adrien ; Fr. banker and flnanc, 1846-1912. 
Benary, Franz Simon Ferd. : Germ. Orient., 1805-80. 
Benary, Karl Alb. Agathon : Germ. phUol., 1807-60. 
Benaschi (Beinaschi), Giov. Battista : Italian painter 

and engraver, 1634-1688. 
Benavente Benavides, Bart. ; Spanish prelate in 

Mexico, -1652. 
Benavides : Chilian general, -1823. 
Benavidesj card.. Archbishop of Saragossa, 1810-95. 
Benavides, Alfonso : Franciscan friar in Mex., fl.l627 . 
Benavides y de la Cueva, Diego : Spanish soldier, 

1600*-1666. 
Benavidio, Marco, ' Mantuano * : Italian civilian, 

1489-1582. 
Benazech, Chas. : Eng. port, and hist, pntr,, 1767*-94. 
Beoazech, Pet. Paul ; Eng. line engraver, 1744*-83*. 
Benbow, Jno. : Brit, vice-admiral, 1653-1702. 
Benbow, Jno. : English traveller, 1681*-! 708. 
Bence-Jones, Hy., F.R.S. : English physician and 

chemist, 1814-1873. 
Bene! (Benclo), Franc. ; Ital. Jesuit and poet, 1542-94. 
Benda, Franz ; Bohemian violinist, 1709-1786. 
Benda, Geo. : Bohem. music, and comp., 1722-1795. 
Bendall, Cecil : English OrientaUst, 1856-1906. 
Bendel, Franz : Bohemian musican, 1833-1874. 
Bendeler, Joh. Phil. : German writer on music, 1660*- 

1708. 
Bendeler, Salomon ; See Bendler. 
Bendemann, Eduard : German painter, 1811-1889. 
Bender, Jos. : Germ. prof, of history, 1815-1893. 
Bendings, Wm. : English judge, fl. 1180. 
Bendish, Bridget : granddaughter of Cromwell, 

1650-1726. 
Bendix, Jno. E. : American brig.-general, 1818-1877. 
Bendlxen, Jae. Fried. M. : Germ. philoL, 1805- 
Bendl, Karl : Bohem. mus. composer, 1638-1897. 
Bendler or Bendeler, Salomon : German singer, 1683- 

1724. 
Bendlowes, Edw. : See Benlowes, 
Bendlowes, Wm, : Eng. serjeant-at-law, 1616-1584. 
Bendt, Thos. : Eng. herald and general, -1534. 
Bendtsen, Bendt : Danish philologist, 1763-1830. 
Benecke, Karl : German philologist, 1800-1847. 
Beneeke, Levin Anton Wilh. : German- English 

economic writer, 1776-1837. 
Benedek, Ludw. von : Austrian general, 1804-1881. 
Benedettl (Benedict), Aless. : Italian anatomist. 

-^ost 1511*. 
Benedetti (Benedictus), Ant. : Ital. philol., 1715-88 
Benedettl, Ct. Vine. : Fr. diplomatist, 1817-1900. 
Benedetto, H : See Castlgllone. 
Benedetto da Majano : Florentine sculptor and archi- 
tect, 1444-1498. 
Benedict, ot AUgnan : Benedictine abbot and Bishop 

of Marseilles, -1268. 
Benedict, St., of Aniane, 750*-821. 
Benedict, of Gloucester : monk ot St. Peter's, fl. 1120. 
Benedict, of Norwich : Augustinian monk, fl. 1340 
Benedict : Abbot of Peterborough, hist., -1194. 
Benedict, St., of Nursia : founder of Benedictine 

Order, 480-544*. 
Benedict Blseop : Abbot of Wearmouth, 628*-890. 



53 



BENEDICT 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BENofT 



Benedict 1., ' BonosuB ' 
Benedict II. : Pope, 
Benedict III. ; Pope, 
Benedict IV. ; Pope, 
Benedict V. : Pope, 
Benedict VI. : Pope, 
Benedict VII. ~ 
Benedict VIII., 



Pope, 



Benedict, Clielydoniiis (Caledonius) : Scottisli abbot, 

fl. 1619. 

: Pope, -578. 
-685. 
-858. 
-903. 
-966. 
-974. 
-984. 
' Giov. dl Tosoulano ' : Pope, -1024. 
Benedict IX., ' Tlieopliylact. di Tosculano ' : Pope, 

-1054. 
Benedict X., ' Glov. di Velletri ' : Antipope, -1059. 
Benedict XI., Mo. Boocasini : Pope, 1240-1304. 
Benedict XII., ' Jacques de Nouvellis ' : Pope, 

1342. 
Benedict XIII., ■ Pedro de Luna ' : Antipope, 1334*- 

1424. 
Benedict xni., Vicenzo Orsini : Pope, 1649-1730. 
Benedict XIV., Proepero Lambertini : Pope, 1675- 

1768. 
Benedict, Abner K. : American soldier, 1830-1867. 
Benedict, Aless. ; Italian anatomist, -1511*. 
Benedict, Dav. : Amer. div. and hist., 1779-1874. 
Benedict, Erastus Corn. ; American lawyer, 1800-80. 
Benedict, Geo. Wyllys ■ Amer. educat., 1796-1871. 
Benedict, Sir Jul. : German-English musical composer 

and conductor, 1804-1886. 
Benedict, Lew. : American brigadier-general and 

lawyer, 1817-1864. 
Benedict, Traugott Pried. : Germ, philol., 1766-1833. 
Benedictus : See also Benedetti. 
Benedictus Abbas : Abbot of Peterborough, -1194. 
Benedifitl^»^<)annes : French physician and philolo- 

^trflri521. 
Benedix, Jul. Koderich : German dramatist and 

librettist, 1811-1873. 
Benelacta, Etch. : See Pitz-Gilbert, Eich. 
Benelleld, Seb. ; Eng. Calvinist theo!., 1669-1630. 
Beneke, Fried. Eduard ; German psychologist, 1798- 

1864. 
Beneke, Fried. Wilh. : German physician and pro- 
fessor of medicine, 1824-1882. 
Beneke, Otto Adalbert ; Germ, hist., 1812-1891. 
Benelli, Antonio Peregrino : Italian singer and 

musical composer, 1771-1830. 
Benese, Rich. : Canon of Merton Priory, -1646. 
Benet, Father, Capuchin friar : See Canfleld, Benedict. 
Benet (Benedictus), Magister : Bishop of Rochester, 

-1226. 
Benet, Wm.: Eng. canon and ambassador, -1633. 
Benett, Etheldred : Eng. woman geol. 1776-1845. 
Benevoll, Orazio : Italian composer of church music, 

1602-1672. 
Benezet, Ant. : American philanth., 1713-1784. 
Benezra (Abenezra), Abr. : Spanish rabbi and 

Biblical scholar, 1093*-1167. 
Benfatto, Luigl : Veronese painter, 1551-1611. 
Benley, Theod. : Germ. Orient, and philol., 1809-1881. 
Benfield, Paul : Anglo-Indian trader, -1810. 
Bengali, Sorabji Shapurji : Ind. statesm., 1831-1893. 
Bengel, Job. Alb. ; German Biblical scholar and 

divine, 1687-1752. 
Benger, EUz. Oailvy : Eng. biographer, 1778-1827. 
Ben-Hadad : King of Syria, -e.o. 885. 
Benham, Hy. W. : Amer. maj.-gen., 1817-1884. 
Benham, Wm. (Peter Lombard) : English divine and 

writer, 1831-1910. 
Benhyem (Benham), Hugo de (Hugh) : Bishop of 

Aberdeen, -1280. 
BenI, Paolo : Italian philologist, 1652*-1626. 
Benincori, Angelo Maria : Ital. mus. comp., 1779-1821. 
Bening, Dan. Hein. Ludw. : German Government 

official and economic writer, 1801-1895. 
Benini, Vine. : Italian physician, 1713-1764. 
Beniscn, Abr. : Bohemian Hebraist in England, 1811- 

1878. 
Ben Israel, Manasseh ; See Manasseh. 
Benito, Fray Marcos : Span, missionary, 17th cent. 
BenlvlenI, (jirolamo : Florentine poet, 1453*-1642 
BeniJil, Phil., Saint, 1233- 
Benjamin, of Tudela : Jewish traveller of Navarre 

-1173*. 
Benjamin, Geo. : Canadian statesman, 1799-1864. 
Benjamin, Jno. F. : Amer. sold, aud lawyer, 1817-77. 
Benjamin, Judah Phil. : American statesman, 

lawyer and writer, and English lawyer, 1811-1884. 



Benjamin, Nathan : Amer. missionary, 1811-1855. 
Benjamin, Parli : American journalist, 1809-18B4. 
Benjamin, Sam. Nicoll : Amer. soldier, 1839-1886. 
Benloew, Loufa : Germ.-Fr. philologist, 1818-1900. 
Benlowes, Edw. : Eng. patron and poet, 1603*-1676. 
Benn, Geo. : Irish historian, 1801-1882. 
Benn (Ben), Wm. : English divine. 1600-1680. 
Benndorf, Otto : Austrian archseologist, -1907. 
Bennecke, Berthold : Oerra. naturalist, 1824-1886. 
Benner, PMl. : American major-general, iron- 
master and politician, 1762-1832. 
Bonnet, -ibr. : English electrician, 1760-1799. 
Bennet, Ben. : Eng. Dissenting divine, 1674-1726. 
Bennet, Christopher : English physician and medical 

writer, 1617-1655. 
Bennet, Geo, ; English Hebraist, 1760-1835. 
Bennet, Hv., of Calais : translator, fl. 1561. 
Bennet, Hy., 1st Earl of Arlington : statesm ., 1618-86. 
Bennet, Jno. : Bnz. madrlg.al comp., fl. 1599-1614. 
Bennet, Sir Jno. : Eng. eccles. and civilian, -1627. 
Bennet, Jno. : English controversialist, -1686. 
Bennet, Jos. : Eng. Nonconf. divine, 1629-1707. 
Bennet, Orlando ; Amer. wreck raiser, 1818-1880. 
Bennet(t), Rich. : Eng. Col, Gov. of Vu:ginia, fl. 1655. 
Bennet, Rob. : Bishop oC Hereford, -1617. 
Bennet, Rob. : Eng. parliamentary col., 1605-1683. 
Bennet(t), Rob. : English ejected Nonconformist 

divine .and Biblical WTiter, -1687. 
Bennet, Sir Thos. : English lawyer, 1592-1670. 
Bennet, Thos. ; English grammarian, 1646*-1681. 
Bennet, Thos. : English div. and Hebraist, 1673-1728. 
Bennet, Wm, : Bishop of Clovne, 1746-1820. 
Bennet(t), Wm. : Englteh musician, 1767*-1833*. 
Bennett : See also Bennet. 
Bennett, Agnes Maria : Eng. novelist, -1808. 
Bennett, All. Wm. : English organist, 1805-1830. 
Bennett, Alf. Wm. : English botanist, 1833-1902. 
Bennett, Chas, Hy. : Eng. wood engraver, 1829-1867. 
Bennett, Edw, Hallaran : Irish surgeon, 1837-1907. 
Bennett, Edw, Tiirner : English zoologist, 1797-1S36, 
Bennett, Emerson : American author, 1822- 
Bennett, Geo. : English- Australian physician and 

botanist, 1804- 
Bennett, Geo, Jno, : English actor, 1800-1879, 
Bennett, Sir Hy. Curtis : Eng. magistrate, 1846-1913. 
Bennett, Jas. : English topographer, 1786-1866. 
Bennett, Jas. : Eng. Dissenting divine, 1774-1862. 
Bennett, Jas. Gordon : American founder and editor 

of the ' New York Herald,' 1794-1872. 
Bennett, Sir Jas, Risdon, F.R.S. : English physician, 

1809-1891. 
Bennett, Jno. : English madrigalLst, -1614*. 
Bennett, Sir Jno. : Sheriff of London and Middlesex, 

1814-1897. 
Bennett, Jno. Hughes, F.R.S. : Scottish physician 

and pathologist, 1812-1876. 
Bennett, Jno. Jos., F.R.S. : Eng. botanist, 1801-1876. 
Bennett, Milo Lyman : Amer. jurist, 1790-1868. 
Bennett, de Robigne M. : Amer. freethinker, 1818-82. 
Bennett, Sam. ; Australian historian, 1815-1878. 
Bennett, Thos. : Englisli organist and writer on 

music, 1784*-1848. 
Bennett, Wm. : British soldier, 1836-1912. 
Bennett, Wm. Cox : English misceilaneoiis and 

song writer, 1820-1896. 
Bennett, Wm, Jas. Early : English Ritualist divine, 

1804-1886. 
Bennett, Wm. Mincard : Eng. min. pntr., 1778-1858. 
Bennett, Sir Wm. Sterndale ; English musical 

composer, 1816-1876. 
Bennlgsen, Levin Aug., Count von ; German-Russian 

general, 1745-1826, 
Bennigsen, Rudolf von : German pol., 1824-1902. 
Bennlgsen, Rudolf von : Germ. col. gov., 1869-1912. 
Bennis, Geo. Geary : Irish author, 1790-1866. 
Benno (Beino),8t., -660*. 
Benno : Bishop of Meisen, 1010-1106. 
Benoist : Anglo-Norman troubadour, fl. 1164-1189. 
Benoist, Ant. : French draughtsman and engraver 

in England, 1721-1770. 
Benoist, Franp, : Fr. org, and mus. comp., 1794-1878. 
Benolt, Father : Marouite Jesuit scholar, 1663-1743. 
Benott de Sainte-More : Fr. tromire, 12th century. 
Benolt, Elie : French Protestant divine and historian, 

' Histoire de I'Edit de Nantes,' 1640-1728. 
Benoft, Pierre Leop. Leonard : Belgian musical 

composer, 1834-1901. 



Si 



BENOIT 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BERENGER 



Benoit, Renfi : French theologian, 1521-1608, 
Benolt, Thos. ; English heralrt, -1534. 
Benouville, Frang, Leon : French historical painter, 

1821-1859. 
Benouville, Jean Achille : Fr. lands, pntr., 1815-91 . 
Bensel, Jas. Berry : Amer. author and poet, 1856-86. 
Benseler, Gust. Ednard ; Germ, philol., 1806-1808. 
Benserade, Isaac de : Fr. court poet, 1613-1691. 
Bensley, Rob. : English actor, 1738*-]817*. 
Bensley, Thos. : English printer, -1833. 
Bensly, Hob. Lubbock ; Bng. Orientalist, 1831-1893. 
Benson, Christopher : Master o£ tlie Temple, 

1789-1868. 
Benson, Bdw. : English artist, 1808*-1863. 
Benson, Edw. White : Archbishop of Canterbury. 

1829-1896. 
Benson, Egbert : American jurist, 1746-1833. 
Benson, Geo. : Ens. Dissenting div., 1699-1762. 
Benson, Hy. C. : Amer.-Iud. miss, and wr., 1815- 
Benson, Jas. Uea : Canadian canitalist and uoli- 

tician, fl. 1867. 
Benson, Sir Jno. : Irish archt. and engin.. 1812-1874. 
Benson, Jos. ; English divine, 1749-1821. 
Benson, Mart., Baron Bingley : Eng. pol., 1676-1731 . 
Benson, Mart. : Bishop of Gloucester, 10S9-1752. 
Benson, Hich. Meux : Eng. eccles,. dev. wr. and 

founder of Cowley Brotherhood, 1824-1915. 
Benson, Rob. : recorder of Salisbury, 1797-1844. 
Benson, Rob. Hugh : Enghsh priest, novelist and 

religious and miscellaneous writer, 1871-1914. 
Benson, Sam. Herb. : English pioneer of adver- 
tising, 1855-1914. 
Benson (Boston), Wm. : abbot and 1st Dean of 

Westminster, -1549. 

Benson, Wm. : Eng. critic and politician, 1682-1751. 
Benstede, Sir Jno. de ; English judge, -1323*. 
Bent, Jas. Theod. ; English explorer and archajolo- 

gist, 1852-1897. 
Bent, Jan vander : Dutch lands, ontr., 1650-1690. 
Bent, Sir Thos. : Premier of Victoria, 1838-1909. 
Bentele, Max. : Germ, historical pntr., 1825-1893. 
Bentbam, Edw. : Eng. divinity professor, 1707-1776. 
Bentham, Geo. : English botanist, 1800-1884. 
Bentham, Jas. : prebendary of Ely and hist., 1708-94. 
Bentham, Jeremy : English philosopher, jurist and 

political writer, 1748-1832. 
Bentham, Jos. : English divine, 1594*-1671. 
Bentham, Sir Sam. : English brigadier-general and 

naval architect, -1831. 
Bentham, Thos. : Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry, 

1513-1579. 
Bentheim, Geo. Ferd. von : Germ, general, 1807-84. 
Bentinck, Lord Geo. : See Bentinck, Wm. Geo. Fred. 

Cavendish. 
Bentinck, Hy. : 2nd Earl of Portland and 1st Duke, 

1681-1726. 
Bentinck, Sir Hy. Jno. Wm. : Brit, general, 1796-1878. 
Bentinck, Jno. Alb. : British naval captam, 1737-75. 
Bentinck, Wm., 1st Earl of Portland : statesman, 

1649-1709. 
Bentinck, Wm. ; 2nd Duke of Portland, 1708-1762. 
Bentinck, Lord Wm. Cavendish : Governor-General of 

India, 1774-1839. 
Bentinck, Lord Wm. Geo. Fred. Cavendish : states- 
man, 1802-1848. 
Bentinck, Wm. Hy. Cavendish : 8rd Duke of Port- 
land, 1738-1809. 
Bentinck-Scott, Wm. Hy. Cavendish : 4th Duke of 

Portland, 1768-1854. 
Bentinck-Scott, Wm. Jno. Cavendish : 5th Duke of 

Portland, 1800-1879. 
Bentivoglio, Corn. : Italian cardinal, poet and art 

patron, 1668-1732. 
Bentivoglio, Ercole : Ital. poet and satirist, 1506-73. 
Bentivoglio, Giov. ; Sovereign of Bologna, -1402, 
Bentivoglio, Giov., n. : Lord of, and adorner of, 

Bologna, 1443-1508. 
Bentivoglio, Guldo i Italian cardinal, statesman and 

historian, 1579-1644. 
Bentley, Chas. : Eng. water-colour pntr., 1806-1854. 
Bentley, Chas. : English cricketer, 1819-1891. 
Bentley, Geo, : English publisher, 1828-1895. 
Bentley, Sir Jno. : British admu-al, -1772. 
Bentley, Jno. Fes. ■ English architect (Westminster 

Cathedral), 1839-1902. 
Bentley, Jos. Clayton : Bng. line engrav., 1809-1851. 
Bentley, Nath., ' Dirty Dick ' : Eng. beau, 1735*-1809. 



Bentley, Rich., F.R.S. : English scholar, critic and 
Master of Trinity (College, Cambridge, 1662-1742. 

Bentley, Rich. : Eng. miscell. writer, 1708-1782. 

Bentley, Rich. : English publisher. 1794-1871. 

Bentley, Rob. : English botanist, 1821-1893. 

Bentley, Sam. : Eng. printer and antiq., 1785-1868. 

Bentley, Thos. : Eng. class, scholar, 1693*-1742. 

Bentley, Thos. : English porcelain manufacturer and 
miscellaneous writer, 1731-1780. 

Benton, Jas. Gilchrist : American soldier and inventor, 
1820-1881. 

Benton, Nath. S. : Amer. soldier and pol., 1792-1869. 

Benton, Thos. Hart : American statesm., 1782-1858. 

Benton, Wm. Plummer : Amer. brig.-gen., 1828-67. 

Bentzon, Therfee (Mme Marie Thertee Blanc) : 
French novelist, 1840-1907. 

Benvenuti, Carlo : Ital. Jesuit, mathematician and 
philosopher, 1716-1789. 

Benvennto, Giovanni Battista (Dell' Ortolano) ; 
Italian painter, 1467(90)-1525. 

Benvennto, Pietro : Tuscan painter, 1769-1844. 

Benvenuto Cellini ; See Cellini. 

Benvennto da Siena : Sienese painter, 1436-1518*. 

Benwel!, Jno. Hodges : Eng. genre pntr., 1764-1785. 

Benwell, Mary : Eng. portrait pntr., fl. 1761-1800. 

Benwell, Wm. : Eng. div. and class, schol., 1765-96. 

Benyng (de Binin), ,Wm. : Scottish biog., fl. 1250. 

Benyowsky, Count Maur. Aug. of: Polish adven- 
turer, 1741-1786. 

Benz, Job. : German philologist, 1547-1599. 

Benz, Severin : Swiss historical painter, 1834-1898. 

Benzeliiis, Erich : Archbp. of Upsala, 1632-1709. 

Benzellns, Erich : Archbisliop of Upsala and author, 
1675-1743. 

Benzenherg, Job. Fried. : (Jerm. astron., 1777-1846. 

Benzing, Martin : Germ, industrialist, 1822-1899. 

Benzio, Trlfone : Italian poet, -1570*. 

Benzlet, Lorenz : Germ. wr. and trans., 1747-1817. 

Benzoni, Girolamo : Ital. voyager, 1519-»os< 1556. 

Beoer (Beyer), Aug. : Germ. hist, and critic, 1707-41, 

Beoico, Angelo, ' Ruzzante ' : ItaUan poet, 1502-42. 

Beorhtric (Brlhtric) : Kg. of the W. Saxons, -802. 

BeorhtwuIJ (Bertulf) : King of Mercians, -852. 

Beorn, Earl of the Middle Angles : ehron., -1049. 

Beornwull : King of Mercians, -826. 

Beothy, Odon ; Hung. pol. and orator, 1796-1854. 

B^rain, Jean : Belgian draughtsman, painter and 
engraver, 1638-1711. 

Beranger, Gab. : Dutch artist In Ireland, -1817. 

Beranger, Jose Maria : Spanish statesman and ad- 
miral, 1854-1907. 

Beranger, Pierre Jean de : Fr. lyric poet, 1780-1857. 

Berard, Claudius : Amer. philologist, 1786-1848. 

B^rard, Jos. Fr6d. : French physician and philo- 
sopher. 1789-1828. 

Beraud, Laurent : French lyricist, 1702-1777. 

Beiault, Nlc, ' Beraldus Aurelius ' : French philolo- 
gist, 1473-1550. 

Berbiguier, Benoit Tranquille : French flute-player 
and Royalist, 1782-1838. 

Berchem : See Berghem. 

Berehem, Count Maximilian : German government 
official, 1841-1910. 

Berchet, Pierre : Fr. hist. pntr. m England, 1659-1720. 

Berchet, Toussaint : French philologist, 1540-1605. 

Beicheur, Pierre, ' Berchorius ' : Fr. div., -1362. 

Berchthold, Leop., Cfc. : Germ, philanth., 1758-1809 

Berchthun, St. : Abbot of Beverly, -733. 

Berchtold, Jos. : German jurist, 1833-1894. 

Berck-Heijde, Gerrit : Dutch pamter, 1638-1698 

Berck-Heijde, Job : Dutch painter, 1630-1693. 

Berckholtz, Alexandra von : Russian- German pauiter. 
1821-1899. poiMwii, 

Berdeili, Job, Baptist : Germ. hist, pntr., 1813-1876. 
Berdmore, Sam. : Master of Cliarterhouse School' 

1740-1802. ' 

Bere, Rich. : Abbot of Glastonbury, -15'4 
Bereblock, Jno : See Bearblock, 
Berelord, Ralph de : English judge, fl. 1329. 
Bereford, Rich. de. : English judge, fl. 1283-1317 
Beretord, Wm. de : English judge, -1326 
Berengaria, of Navarre : Qn. of Rich. I -1230* 

Berengarius, of Tours : theologian, 1000*-1088 
Berenger I. : King of Italy, -924 
BeiengerU. : iOng of Italy, -966. 
Berenger, Alphonse Marie Marcellin Thos. - French 

lawyer and politician, 1785-1866. 



55 



BERENGEB 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BERNABEI 



Berenger^James.of Carpi : anat. and physn., -1550. 

Berenger, Laurent Pierre : French poet and writer, 
' Les Soirto Provencales,' 1749-1822. 

B^renger, B.en6 : French statesman, 1830-1915. 

Berenger, Rich. ; Gentleman of tlie Horse to George 
III., -1782. 

Berenice ; wife of Antiochus Theos, -B.C. 246. 

Berenice : wife of Ptolomsena Euergetes, -B.o. 

221(16). 

Berenice (Cleopatra) : Qn. of Egypt, -B.o. 81. 

Berenice : Qneen of Egypt. -B.C. 65. 

Berenice (Bernice) : Jewish queen, favourite of 
Titus, ZS-^ost 76. 

Beresford, Jas. : Eng. miscell. writer, 1764-1840. 

-Beresford, Jno. : Irish statesman, 1738-1805. 

Beresford, Lord Jno. Geo. de la P. : Primate of 
Ireland, 1773-1862. 

Beresford, Sir Jno. Poo ; Brit, admiral, 1766-1844. 

Beresford, Marcus Gervais : Archbishop of Armagh, 
1801-1886. 

Beresford, Wm. Carr, Viscount : British general and 
Portuguese marshal, 1768-1854. 

Beretini, Pietro : See Berretini. 

Berettini, Nic. : Italian historical painter, 1617-82. 

Berettini, Pietro (Pietro da Cortona) : Italian painter, 
1596-1669. 

Berewyk, Jno. de : English judge, -1312. 

Berg, Adam ; Bavarian music printer, fl, 1540-1599. 

Berg, Geo. : German-English organist and song 
writer, fl. 1763-1771. 

Berg, Joh. : Flemish music printer, -1563. 

Berg, JoR. Fred. : Amer. div. and author, 1812-1871. 

Berg, Matth. : German philologist, -1592. 

Berg, Matth, van den : Flem. painter, 1615-1647. 

Bergamasco, 11 : See Castello. 

Bergamo, Jas. Phil, de (Foresti) : Italian chronicler, 
1434-1520. 

Bergellanus, Joh. Arn. : German Plautine scholar, 
fl. 1517-1521. 

Bergemann, Carl Wllh. : German chemist, 1804- 

Bergen, Carl Aug. von : Germ. anat. and hot., 1704-59. 

Bergen, Dirk van den ; Dutch painter, 1640-1689. 

Bergenroth, Gust. Ad. : Germ, hist., 1813-1869. 

Berger, Bar. Alf. : Austr. theatre dir., 1858-1912. 

Berger, Joh. : German general, 1768-1864. 

Berger, .loh. Ludw. Ernst. ; Germ, philol., 1809- 

Berger, Joh. Wilh. : German professor of rhetoric, 
1672-1751. 

Berger, Julien Franp. Ad. -. French professor of 
rhetoric, 1810-1869. 

Berger, Ludw. ; German pianist and musical com- 
poser, 1777-1839. 

Berger, Matthias : German architect, 1825-1897. 

Berger, Oslcar : German physician, 1844-1885. 

Berger, Phil. : Fr. Orient, and archsol., 1846-1912, 

Berger, Wilh. : Germ, music, and comp., 1861-1911. 

Berger de Xlvery, Jules : Fr. philol,, 1801-1863. 

Bergerac, Cyrano de : French dramatist and Roman- 
cist, 1620»-1666. 

Bergeron, Pierre : French poet, 1787- 

Berggreen, Andreas Pet. : Daidsh musician and 
composer, 1801-1880, 

Berghaus, Hein, Carl Wilh, : German geographer and 
writer, 1797-1884. 

Berghaus, Herm. : German cartographer, 1828-90. 

Berghem, Jachct ; Flem, mus, comp,, fl. 1546-61. 

Berghem (Berchem), Nic. : Dutch pntr., 1620-1683. 

Bergier, Nic. : French hist, and antlq., 1667-1623. 

Bergier, Nic. Sylveatre : Fr, div, at Besanpon,1718-90. 

Bergk, Wilh. Theod. : Germ, philol., 1812-1881. 

Bergier, Jos. : Germ, historical pntr., 1763-1829. 

Bergier, Steph. : Austrian-German classical scholar, 
1680*-1740*. 

Bergman, Carl Joh. : Swedish historian, topographer 
and poet, 1817-1896, 

Bergmann, Carl : German- American professor of 
music, 1821-1876. 

Bergmann, Ernst von ; German surgeon and pro- 
fessor of surgery, 1836-1907. 

Bergmann, Fried. Wilh. : French-German philo- 
logist, 1812-1887. 

Bergmann, Torbern Orlof : Swedish chemist and 
naturalist, 1735-1784. 

Bergmann, Wilh. Rich, : Germ, philol., 1821-1870, 

Bergne, Jno, Brodribb : Eng, numismat, 1800-1873. 

Bergne, Sir Jno. Hy. Gibbs : Bng, diplom,, 1842-1908. 

Bergonzi, Carlo : Ital. violin maker, fl. 1716-1766. 



Bergosa y Jordin, Ant. : Spanish Archbishop of 
Mexico, fl. 1808. 

BergstrSsser, Arn. : German booiiselier and pub- 
lisher, 1841-1897. 

Bergstr&sser, Joh. And. B. : Germ, philol., 1732-1812. 

Berhtwaid : Archbishop of Canterbury, -731. 

Berigard (Beauregarde), Claude : French philosopher 
in Italy, 1591-1664. 

Bering, Veit : Latin poet at Copenhagen, 1617-1675. 

Bering, Veit : See also Behring. 

Berington, Chas. : Eng. R.C. bishop, 1748-1798. 

Berlngton, Jos. : Bng. R.C. hist, writer, 1746-1827. 

Beriot, Chas. Aug. de : Belg. viol, and comp., 1802-70. 

Berlstain, Joaquin, ' Mexican Bellini ' : Mexican 
musician, 1817-1839. 

Berlstain, Mariano : Mex, bibliographer, 1756-1817. 

Berkel, Abr, van : Dutch Hellenist, 1630*-1688*. 

Berkeley, Craven Fitzhardinge : Eng. pol., 1805-56. 

Berkeley, Eliza : English authoress, 1734-1800. 

Berkeley, Fes. Hy. Fitzhardinge : English politician, 
1794-1870. 

Berkeley, Geo. : 8th Baron Berkeley, 1601-1668. 

Berkeley, Geo., 1st Earl of: Eng. pol., 1628-1698. 

Berkeley, Geo. : English politician, 1693*-1746. 

Berkeley, Geo.: Bp. of Clovne andmetaph.,1685-1763. 

Berkeley, Sir Geo. : Bng. col. gov., 1819-1905, 

Berkeley, Geo, Chas, Grantley Fitzhardinge : English 
sportsman, 1800-1881. 

Berkeley, Geo. Cranfleld : Brit, admiral, 1753-1818. 

Berkeley, Geo. Monck : Bng. miscell. wr,, 1763-1793. 

Berkeley, Gilb. : Bp. of Bath and Wells, 1501-1681. 

Berkeley, Jas,, 3rd Earl of Berkeley : British 
admural. 1680-1736. 

Berkeley, Jno. : American ironfounder, fl. 1621. 

Berkeley, Jno., 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton : 
soldier and courtier, -1678, 

Berkeley, Jno,, 3rd Lord Berkeley of Stratton : 
admiral, 1663-1697, 

Berkeley, Maur. Fred. Fitzhardinge, Lord Fitz- 
hardinge : admiral, 1788-1867. 

Berkeley, Miles Jos., F.R.S. : Eng. hot., 1803-1889. 

Berkeley, Rob. : Eng. justiciar, -1219. 

Berkeley, Sir Rob. : English judge, 1584-1656. 

Berkeley, Rob. : Bng. political writer, 1713-1804. 

Berkeley, Roger : 1st tenant of Berkeley, fl. 1086. 

Berkeley, Sir Wm. : Brit, vloe-adm., 1639-1666. 

Berkeley, Sir Wm, : Gov. of Virginia, 1608*-1677. 

Berkenhout, Jno. : English physician, naturalist and 
miscellaneous writer, 1730*-1791. 

Berkheyden (Breckberg), Ger, : Dutch architectural 
painter, 1645-1693. 

Berkheyden (Breckberg), Job : Dutch pntr., 1628-98. 

Berkley : See also Berkeley. 

Berkley, Jas. Jno. : Bng. civil engineer, 1819-1862. 

Berkley, Joh. le Francq van : Dutch physician, 
naturalist and poet 1729-1812. 

Berksted (Birksted, Burgtisted), Steph. : Bishop of 
Chichester, -1287. 

Berlage, Anton : German Oath, theol,, 1805-1881. 

Berlepsch, Karoline {nie Welebil) : German littera- 
teur, 1829-1S99. 

Berlichingen, Fried., Count of ; German states- 
man, 1826-1887. 

Berlichingen, Goetz or Gottfried von, ' Iron-handed ' : 
German knight, 1480*-1562. 

Berlin, Isaiah : Germ, rabbi and talmudist, 1726-99. 

Berlin, Rudolph : German oculist, 1833-1897. 

Berliner, Abr. : German Jewish scholar and liistorlan, 
1833-1915. 

Berlioz, Louis Hect. : Fr, mus. comp,, 1803-1869. 

Bermann, Mor. : historian of Vienna, -1895. 

Bermingham, Sir Jno., Earl of Louth : English 
military commander, -1328. 

Bermingham, Mich. : Eng. med. writer, 1685- 

Bermingham, Pat. : Irish jndge, -1532. 

Bermingham, Wm. ; Archbishop of Tuam, -1812. 

Bermudez, Joao : Spanish patriarch of Abyssinia, 
-1575. 

Bermudez, Jo86 Man. : Peruvian scholar, 1760*-1830. 

Bermudez, Juan : Spanish navigator, fl. 1622. 

Bermudo I. (Veremund) : King of Spain, fl. 788. 

Bermudo 11. (Veremund) : King of Leon, -999. 

Bermudo III. (Vermund) : King of Leon, -1037*. 

Bermudo, Juan : Spanish monk and writer on music, 
1510-* 

Bernabel, Jos. Ant. : composer of Church music at 
Munich, 1659-1732. 



66 



BERNABEI 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BERNOULLI 



Bemabol, Jos. Hercules ; composer of Church music 

at Munich, 1620«-1690. 
Bernacelil, Antonio : Italian singer, musical composer 

and teacher, 1690*-1766. 
Bernadotte : I^ench general and Elng of Sweden, 

1764-1844. 
Bernaert, Nicaslus : Dutch painter, 1593*-1663. 
Bernaerts (Bemartiue), Joh. : Flem. jurist, 1568-1601. 
Bernal, Calixto : Cuban jurist and author, 1804- 
Bernal, Ralph : Eng. poL and art collector, -1854. 
Bernal Osborne, Ralph : Eng. politician, 1808-1882. 
Bernard : See also Barnard. 

Bernard, * Sapiens ' : Eng. trav. In Palestine, fl. 865. 
Bernard : Duke of Weimar. See Bemhard. 
Bernard: son of Pepin, King of Italy, -818. 
Bernard : Bishop of Sodor and Chancellor of Scot- 
land, -1333*. 
Bernard, of Brussels : painter of animals and 

huntmg-pieces, -1540. 
Bernard, of Chartres (Sylvestris) : scholastic philos- 
opher, 1080*-1167. 
Bernard, of Neufmarch^: founder of St. John's 

Priory, Brecknock, fl. 1093. 
Bernard, St. ; Abbot of Clairrauz and preacher of 

Crusade, 1091-1163. 
Bernard, St., of Menthon : founder of hospice, 

923-1008. 
Bernard h Sancto Franeiseo : See Eyston. 
B ernar d, And. : poet laureate to Henry VII. and 

vm., -port 1522. 
Bernard, Cath. : French poetess, 1662-1712. 
Bernard, Chas. : Trench historian, 1571-1640. 
Bernard, Chas. : Eng. surg. to St. Bart.'s, 1650-1711. 
Bernard (Pierre Marie), Chas. de : French wriljer, 

1804-1860. 
Bernard, Sir Chas. Edw. : Anglo-Indian admini- 
strator, 1837-1901. 
Bernard, Claude, of Dijon, ' Poor Bernard ' : 

philanthropist, 1588-1641. 
Bernard, Claude : French physiologist, 1813-1878. 
Bernard, Dan. : Vice-Chanc. of Oxford, -1588. 
Bernard, Dav. : German philologist, -1741. 
Bernard, Edw., F.R.S. : EngUsh critic and astronomer, 

1638-1696. 
Bernard, Emile : Fr. music, and comp., 1846-1902. 
Bernard, Fes. : EngUsh physician, 1627-1698. 
Bernard, Sir Fes. : BritUh colonial gov., 1711*-1779. 
Bernard, Herm. Hedwig, of Cambridge : Hebraist, 

1786-1857. 
Bernard, Jacques : French Protestant diyine, theo- 
logian and publicist, 1658-1718. 
Bernard, Jean Bapt. : French historian, 1747-1808. 
Bernard, Jean Fred. : Dutch booloeller and author, 

-1752. 
Bernard, Joh. Steph. : German medical writer and 

philologist, 1718-1793. 
Bernard, Jno. : BngUsh author, -1567*. 
Bernard, Jno.; En^h divine and writer, 'Theologo- 

Historicus,' -1683. 
Bernard, Sir Jno. : Brit, colonial official, 1744-1809. 
Bernard, Jno. : Irish actor and author, 1766-1828. 
Bernard, Jno. Peter, F.R.S. : Eng. biog., -1750. 
Bernard, Mountague : English international lawyer, 

1820-1882. 
Bernard, Kich. ; Dean of £ilmore and biographer of 

Ussher, -1661. 
Bernard, Pierre Jos., ' Le Gentil-Bemard ' : French 

poet, 1710-1776. 
Bernard, Rich. : English Puritan divine and scholar, 

1568-1641. 
Bernard, Sam. : Fr. pntr. and engrav., 1616-1687. 
Bernard, Sam., ' Lucullus ' : Fr. capitalist, 1651 '-l 739. 
Bernard, Simon : Fr. gen. and engm., 1779-1839. 
Bernard, Sol., 'Petit Bernard': engraver at Lyons. 

fl. 1660-1580. 
Bernard, Thos. : Canon of Ohristchurch, -1588. 
Bernard, Sir Thos.: English philanthropist and 

essayist, 1750-1818. 
Bernard, Thos. Dehany : English divine and reUglous 

writer, 1815-1904. 
Bernard, Wm. Bayle : Eng. dramatist, 1807-1876. 
Bemardez, Diego : Port. idyUio poet, 1540*-1596. 
Bernard! : See also Bernhardi. 
BernardI, Antonio Maria : Bolognese painter, 17th 

and 18th centuries. 
Bernardi, Fra Bemardl: Florentine mhiiature 

painter, first half ISth century. 



57 



Bernardi, Bernardo de' : Genoese pntr., -1657*. 
Bernardi, Fabrizio : Bolognese painter, 17th and 18th 

centuries. 
Bernardi, Francesco (II Bigolaro) : Veronese painter, 

17th century. 
Bernardi, Giov. : Bolognese lapidary, 1405-1555. 
Bernardi, Giovanni Batti^sta : Ital. pntr., 16th cent. 
Bernardi, Giovanni Battista : Veronese painter, 17th 

and 18th centuries. 
Bernardi, Jacopo : Veronese engrav., 1808- 
Bernardi, Johann : Itai. archt., 18th century. 
Bernardi, Lorenzo : Ital. sculp., 16th centoiy. 
Bernardi, Major Jno. : English politician and suspect, 

1657-1736. 
Bernardi, Pietro : Veronese pntr., -1623. 
Bernardi, Steph. : Italian musical writer and composer, 

fl. 1611-34*. 
Bernardin de St. Pierre : See St. Pierre. 
Bernardine, St., of Sienna ; Franciscan Eriar and 

preacher, 1380-1444. 
Bernardino, Fray : See Ctfuentes. 
Bernardino, Pietro Ant., ' Poeta Cesareo* • Italian 

poet, 1672-1714. 
Bernardoni, Fes. Jno. : founder of Franci-cin mendi- 
cant friars, -1226. 
Bernartios : See Bernaerts. 

Bernasconi, .Ajitonia : Germ, singer, fl. 1761-1783. 
Bernat, Julie : See Judith, Mme. 
Bernatz, Joh. Martin : German painter, l^ 2-1878. 
Bernatz, Karl : German architect, 1831-1898. 
Bernatz, Matth. : German scientist, 1800-1882. 
Bernays, Alb. Jas. ; English chemist, 1823-1892. 
Bernays, Jac. * German classical scholar, philologist 

and philosopher, 1824-1881. 
Bernays, Jos. : German- English engineer, 1335-1906. 
Bernays, Mich. : German historian and man of letters , 

1834-1897. 
Bernazzano : Italian painter, fl. 1536. 
Bernec, Pet. : Spanish sculptor and silversmith, 

14th century. 
Berneck, Carl Gust, von : German novelist and 

Ubrettist, 1803-1871. 
Bernegger, Matth.: German philologist, 1582-1640. 
Berner, Fried. Wilh. : German musician, composer 

and teacher, 1780-1827. 
Berners, Lord : See Bourchier, Jno. 
Berners (Bemra, Barnes), Juliana : Prioress of Sope- 

well, and writer on hawking and hunting, 

1.388*- 
Bernhard, Duke of Saxe-Weimar ; gen., 1604-1639. 
Bernhard, Christoph : German singer, musician 

and composer, 1627*-1692. 
Bernhard, Erich Freund : Duke of Sase-Meiningen, 

1800-1882. 
Bernhardi, Aug. Ferd. : Germ, philologist, 1769-1820. 
Bernhardi, Felix Theodor von : German statesman, 

1802-1885. 
Bernhardi, Joh. Jac. : German chemist, 1774^1850. 
Bernhardt, Jos. : German port, painter, 1805-1885. 
Bernhardy, Gottfried : German philologist and 

literary historian, 1800-1875. 
Bernher, Augustine : Swiss or Flemish-English 

divine and religious writer, fl. 1554. 
Bernhold, Joh. Geo. Sam. : German lexicog., 1720-60. 
Bernhold, Joh. Mich. : German philol., 1735-1797. 
Berni or Bernia, Franc. : Itahan poet, 1497-1535. 
Bernice : See Berenice. 
Bernier, Frang., * Mogul' • French philosopher and 

traveller, 1630*-1688. 
Bernier, Jean : French medical writer, 1622-1698. 
Bernier, Nic. : French musical composer, 1664-173i. 
Berningham, Rich, de : Ena. itinerant justice, fl. 1313 . 
Bernini, Giov. Lor. : Italian painter, sculptor, 

architect and mechanic, 1598-1630. 
Bernis, Fran?. Joach. de Pierres de : cardinal, French 

poet and statesman, 1715-1794. 
Berno, Abbot of Richenau : poet, musician and 

philosopher, -1045. 

Bernoulli, Dan., F.R.S.: Swiss nat. phUos., 1700-82. 
Bernoulli, Jacques : Swiss mathematician, 1654-1705. 
Bernoulli, Jacques : French phvsician and mathe- 
matician at Petersburgh, 1759-1789. 
Bernoulli, Jean : Swiss mathematician, 1667-1748. 
Bernoulli, Jean : Swiss mathematician, 1710-1790. 
Bernoulli, Jean : Swiss mathematician and astrono- 
mer, 1744-1807. 
Bernoulli, Jerome : Swiss natm-alist, 1745-1829. 



BERNOULLI 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BERTRAND 



Bernoulli, Karl Gustav : Swiss physician and 

naturalist, 1834-1878. 
Bernoulli, Nic. : Swiss mathematician, 1695-1726. 
Bernoulli, Nic, F.E.S. : Swiss mathem., 1687-1759. 
Bernsdorf, Eduard : German musical composer and 

critic, 1825-1901. 
Bernstein, Aaron : German-Jewish writer, scientist 

and publicist, 1812-1884. 
Bernstein, Karl Hugo Amber : See Hugo, Karl. 
BcrnstorO, Alb., Ct. von: Dan. statesm., 1809- 
Bernstorff, Andreas Gottlieb von : German diplo- 
matist, 1649-1726. 
Bernstorfl, And. Pet,, Ct. von : Danish statesman, 

1735-1797. 
Bernstorfl, Glirist., Ct. von: Danish and Prussian 

statesman and diplomatist, 1769-1835. 
BernstorS, Joh. Hartwig Brn., Ct. von : Danish 

statesman, 1712-1772. 
Bernus, Bar. Franz Alf. Jac. von : German states- 
man, 1808-1884. 
Bfooalde, Math., of Paris : chronol., -1576(84). 
Bdroalde de Verville, FrauQ. : French philosopher, 

mathematician and man of letters, 1558-1612*. 
Beroaldo, Filippo, ' the Filder," of Bologna : 

scholar, 1453-1505. 
Beroaldo, Filippo, ' the Younger ' : Latin poet, 

1472-1518. 
Berosus : priest of Belus at Babylon and historian, 

fl. B.C. 279. 
Berquin, Aru. : Fr. miscellaneous writer, 1749-1791. 
Berquin, Louis de : Fr. Prot. martyr, 1489'-1629. 
Berr, FrM. : French musical composer, 1794-1838. 
Berretini, Nice. : Ital. historical painter, 1627-1682. 
Berretini, Pietro, * Pietro da Cortona ' ; Italian 

architect and painter, 1596-1669. 
Berrian, Wm. : American divine and miscellaneous 

writer, 1787-1862. 
Berriat Saint-Prix, Jacques : Fr. jurist, 1769-1845. 
Berridge, Jno. • English divine, 1716-1793. 
Berrien, Jno. Macpherson : American statesman, 

1781-1856. 
Berrien, Jno. M. : Amer. naval officer, 1802-1883. 
Berriman, Jno. : Eng. div. and rel. wr.. 1691-1768. 
Berriman, Wm. : Eng. theologian, 1688-1750. 
Berrow, Capel : Eng. divine and author, 1715-1782. 
Berruguete, Alonso : Spanish painter and sculptor, 

1480-1561. 
Berruyer, Jos. Isaac : French Jesuit, 1681-1758. 
Berry, Abr. J. : American physician, 1799-1865. 
Berry, Agnes : friend of Horace Walpole, 1764-1852. 
Berry, Chas., Duke of: Duke of Guienne, 1446-1472. 
Berry, Chas., Duke of : grandson of Louis XIV., 

1686-1714. 
Berry, Chas. Ferd. d'A., Duke of : son of Charles X., 

1778-1820. 
Berry, Chas. : Eng. Unitarian divine, 1783-1877. 
Berry, Chas. Alb. : Eng. Nonconf. divine, 1852-1899. 
Berry, Dav. : Australian colonist, -1889. 
Berry, Sir Bdw. : Brit, rear-admiral, 1768-1831. 
Berry, Geo. Fred, de : British general, 1824-1914. 
Berry, Sir Graham : English-Australian statesman, 

1822-1904. 
Berry, Hiram Geo. : Amer. major-general, 1824-63. 
Berry, Jas. : Eng. parliamenliary general, fl. 1655. 
Berry, Jean, Duke of : son of Jno. II. of France, 

1340-1416. 
Berry, Sir Jno. : British admiral, 1635-1690. 
Berry, Mary : English authoress and friend of 

Horace Walpole, 1763-1862. 
Berry, Nath. Springer : Governor of New Hampshire, 

1796- 
Berry, Wm. : English genealogist, 1744-1851. 
Berryer, Ant. Pierre : French politician, advocate 

and orator, 1790-1868. 
Berschadski, Sergius Alcxaadrowitsch : Russian 

writer on the Jews, 1857-1896. 
Berselli, Matteo : Italian singer, fl. 1720-1721. 
Rcrsmann, Greg. : German philologist, 1538-1611. 
Berstode (Burgsted), Walter de : English itinerant 

justice, fl. 1257. 
Bert, Paul : Fr. physiol. and politician, 1833-1886. 
Bertani, Agostino : Ital. revolutionist, 1812-1886. 
Bertaut, Jean, Bp. of S^ez : Fr. poet, 1562-1611. 
Berteaux, Henri Maurice : Fr. statesm., 1852-1911. 
Bertelsmann, Karl : German publisher, 1791-1860. 
Bertha (Bercta, Adilberga) : daughter of Haribert, 
-atae 616. 



Bertheau, Carl : German schoolman and theologian, 

1806-1886. 
Bertheau, Chas. : Fr. Prot. div. in England, 1660-1732. 
Bertheau, Ernst : Germ. Biblical schol., 1812-1888. 
Berthelot, Pierre Eugtoe Marcellin : French chemist 

and politician, 1827-1907. 
Bertheit, Fried. Aug.: German schoolman and 

educational writer, 1813-1896. 
Berthet, Jean : Jesuit of Terasoon, poet and writer, 

1622-1692. 
Berthler, Guil. Franp. : Fr. Jesuit and critic, 1704-82. 
Berthier, Louis Alex., Prhice of Wagram : French 

marshal, 1753-1816. 
Berthier, Pierre : French mineralogist, 1782-1861. 
Berthold, Geo. : German stenographer, 1845-1899. 
Berthold, Mart. : Bohemian divine, fl. 1574-1582. 
Bertholet-Flemael, Bart. : pntr. of Lifige, 1614-1675. 
BerthoUet, Claude Louis, Ct. : Fr. chem., 1748-1822. 
Bertholon, Mc. de St. Lazare : French chemist 

and philosopher, -1799. 
Berthon, Edw. Lyon : Eng. mventor, 1813-1899. 
Berthoud, Ferd. : Swiss chronometer-maker, 1727- 

1807. 
Berti, Aless. PompSo : Ital. bibliog., 1686-1752. 
Berti, Qiov. Lor. : Italian theologian, 1696-1766. 
Bertie, Sir Albemarle : Brit, admiral, 1755-1824. 
Bertie, Cath. : Duchess ol Suffolk, 1520-1580. 
Bertie, Montague : 2nd Earl of Lindsey, 1608*-1666. 
Beitie, Peregrine, Lord Willoughby d'Eresby : mili- 
tary commander, 1555-1601. 
Bertie, Bich. : husband of Catherine, Duchess of 

Suffolk, 1517-1682. 
Beitie, Bob. : 1st Earl of Lindsey, 1582-1642. 
Bertie, Sk Thos. : Brit, vice-admiral, 1758-1825. 
Beitie, Vere : English judge, -1680. 
Beitie, Willoughby, 4th Earl of Abingdon : politician 

and satirist, 1740-1799. 
Beitiei, Jos. Etienne, of Aix : French natural philoso- 
pher, 1710-1783. 
Bertier, Louis Alex. : marshal of France, 1753-1815. 
BeitlUon, Alphonse : French anthropologist and in- 
ventor of system of identification, 1853-1914. 
Bertillon, Louis Ad. : Fr. statistician, 1821-1883. 
Beitin, St., 600»-709. 

Beitln, Ant. : French soldier and poet, 1752-1790. 
Bertin, Bxuptoe Jos. : Fr. physn. and anat., 1712-81. 
Bertln, Franp. : French journalist, 1766-1841. 
Bertin, Jean Victor : French painter, 1668-1736. 
Beitln, Louise Angellque : French singer, pianist and 

musical composer, 1805-1877. 
Bertini, Gius. : Italian musician, composer and writer, 

1756*- 
Beitlnl, Hen. : English-French pianist, 1798-1876. 
Beitinoio, Obadiah : Italian Jewish traveller and 

commentator, -1500*. 
Bertinotti, Teresa : ItaUaa singer, 1776-1854. 
Bertius, Pierre de : Flem. geographer, 1565-1629. 
Berto di Giovanni : ItaUan pamter, fl. 1497-1525. 
Bertold : elector and Archbp. of Mainz, 1442-1504. 
Bertold von Regensburg : German Franciscan 

preacher, 1220*-1272. 
Beitoli, Giov. Dom., of Aquileia : antiq., 1676- 
Beitolli, Francesca : Ital.-Bng. smger, fl. 1729-1737. 
Berton, Henri Montan : Fr. mus. comp.. 1767-1844. 
Beiton, Pierre : Fr. dram, and actor, 1842-1912. 
Berton, Wm. : Chancellor of Oxford, fl. 1376. 
Bertani, Ferdinando Giuseppe : Italian musical 

composer, 1725-1813. 
Bertram : See Batramnus. 
Beitram, Chas., ' Charles Julius ' : English literary 

impostor, 1723-1765. 
Beitram, Corn. Bonaventure : Swiss Orientalist, 

1531-1594. 
Beitiam, Boger : English judge and baronial leader, 

-1242. 
Bertram, Boger : Eng. baronial leader, fl. 1264. 
Beitrandd'Alamanon: troubadour, -1295. 
Bertrand de Bom : See Born. 
Beitiand, Blie : Swiss geologist, 1712-1777. 
Beitiand, EugSne : Fr. dir. of opera, 1834-1899. 
Bertiand, Henri Gratien, Ct. : French general and 

friend of Napoleon, 1773-1844. 
Bertrand, Jean : Card. Archbp. of Sens, 1470*-1560. 
Bertrand, Jean Bapt., of Marseilles : medical writer, 

1670-1752. 
Bertrand, St. Louis : Spanish missionary in South 

America, 1526-1581. 



58 



BERTRANDI 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BEVAN 



Bertrandip Giov. Amb. Maria : Italian surgical writer, 

1723-1765. 
Bertric : See Beorhtric. 
Bertrinhers, Renard de : See Rouveroy. 
Berts (Bertiua), Peter : Flemish geographer of 

Lewis Xni., 1565-1620. 
Bertucci, Giov. Battista da Faenza : Italian religious 

painter, fl. 1620. 
Bertnch, Karl : Germ, journ. and wr., 1777-1815, 
Bertull : See Beorhtwulf . 
Beruete, Au^eliano de : Spanish painter and art 

critic, 1845-1912. 
B6rulle, Pierre de : French cardinal and statesman, 

founder of the Oratory, 1576-1629. 
Bervic, Chas. Clement : Fr. engraver, 1766-1793. 
Beriric, Jean GuU. Ohas. Clem.: Fr. engrav., 1766-1822. 
Berwali, Joh. Fried. : Swed. violinist, 1787-1868. 
Berwlclt, Baron : See Hill, Wm. Noel. 
Berwick, Dnke of : See Fitz- James, James. 
Berwick, Edward : Irish divine, 1750- 
Beryllus : Bishop of Bostra, fl. 210-227. 
Beizellus, Jons Jac. : Swed. chemist, 1779-1848. 
Besant, Sir Walter : Bng. nov. and mlscell. writer, 

' All Sorts and Conditions of Men," 1836-1901. 
Beschey, Balthasar; Flemish landscape, historical 

and portrait painter, 1708-1776. 
Beseler, Geo. : German jurist, 1809-1888. 
Beseler, Wilh. Hartwig : Germ, statesm., 1806-1884. 
Besenval de Bronstatt, Pierre Vict., Baron de : French 

soldier, 1722-1794. 
Beskow, Bern., Baron von : Swedish dramatist and 

historian, 1796-1868. 
Besler, Basile ; German naturalist, 1561-1629. 
Besler, Mich. Eupert ; German botanist and medical 

writer, ' Gazophulacium,' 1607-1661. 
Besler, Sam. : Silesian mus. composer, 1574-1626. 
Beslnzhev - Ryumni, Count Konstantin ; Russian 

historian, 1829-1897. 
Besly, Jean, of Polctiers : antiquary, 1572-1644. 
Besoigne, JerSme : doctor of the Sorbonne, 1686-1763. 
Besoide, Christoph, of Vienna : historian, 1577-1638. 
Besplas, Jos. Marie Anne Gros de ; French preacher, 

1734-1783. 
Bessarion( Joannes or Basillus) : cardinal and patriarch 

of Constantinople, 1896*-1472. 
Bessborough, 4th Earl of : See Ponsonby, Jno. Wm. 
Bess6, Jean de ; Fr. medical writer, fl. 1702-1723. 
Besse, Jos. : Eng. Quaker controversialist, 16S3*-1757. 
Bessel, Fried. Wilh. : Pruss. astronomer, 1784-1846. 
Bessels, Emil : German- American Arctic explorer 

and naturalist, 1847-1888. 
Bessemer, Sir Hy., F.E.S. : English civil engmeer 

and inventor, 1813-1898. 
Bessems, Antoine : Flemish violinist, 1809-1868. 
Besser, Rudolf : German boolcseller, 1811-1883. 
Besset (Bess^), Hen. de : Fr. hist, writer, -1693. 
Bessidies, Jean Bapt., Duke of Istria : marshal of 

France, 1768-1813. 
Bessler : See OrfEyreus. 
Besson, Gustave Auguste : French manufacturer of 

musical instruments, 1820-1876. 
Bessus : satrap of Bactria, -B.C. 329. 
Best, Chas. : English poet, fl. 1602. 
Best, Geo. : English navigator, -1684*. 
Best (Beste), Hy. Digby: English miscellaneous 

author, 1768-1836. 
Best, Kenelm Digby : Eng. div. and wr., 1835-1914. 
Best, Paul : English controversialist, 1590*-1657. 
Best, Sam. : Eng. pretended prophet. 1738-1825. 
Best, Thos. : British naval captain, 1570*-1638*. 
Best, Wm. Draper, 1st Baron Wynford: English 

judge, 1767-1846. 
Best, Wm. Thos. : English musician, 1826-1897. 
Beste, Aug. Fried. Wilh. : Germ, theol., 1817-1889. 
Boston, Jno. : EngUsh prior of Carmelite Convent, 

-1428. 
Bestuzhev - Ryumin (Bestoujef-Rumine), Alexis 
Petrovich, Count : Russian statesman, 1693-1763. 
Bestuzhev - Ryumin (Bestoujef-Rumine), Mich. 

Petrovich, Count : Russ. diplomatist, 1688-1760 . 
Beta (Bettziech-Beta), Hein. : German economist 

and publicist, 1813-1876. 
Betagh, Thos. : Irish Jesuit, 1739-1811. 
Betan(os, Dom. : Spanish missionary to South 

America, 1490*-1649. 
Betan;os, Pedro : Spanish missionary to Central 
America, -1670. 



Betancourt, Aug. : Mex. monk and wr., 1620-1700. 

Betancourt, Jos6 Ram6n : Cuban lawyer, 1823-1893. 

B6tant, E. A. : Swiss pliUologist, 1803-1871. 

Beteta, Greg. : Span. miss, in S. America, 1500*-62. 

Betham, Bdw. : Eng. scholar and divine, 1707-1783. 

Betham, Jno. : English B.C. priest, -1709. 

Betham, Mary Matilda : English miniature painter 
and authoress, 1776-1852. 

Betham, Wm. : English antiquary, 1740-1839. 

Betham, Sir Wm. : English antiquary and goncalo- 
gUt, 1779-1853. 

Bethel, Slingsbv : English republican, 1617-1697. 

Bethell, Christopher : Bp. of Bangor, 1773-1869. 

Bethell, Bich.,lst Ld. Westbury : Ld. Chanc. 1800-73. 

B^thencourt, Jacques de : physn. at Rouen, fl. 1527. 

Bethencourt, Jean de : French explorer and con- 
queror of Canary Islands, 1360*-1422. 

Bethencourt, Pedro : Spanish philanthropist in 
South America, 1619-1667. 

Bethlsy, J. J. Bleonore : Fr. marshal, 1747-1816, 

Bethlen, Gabor. : Prince of Transvlvania (King of 
Hungary), 1580-1629. 

Bethlen, Wolf gang : Chanc. of Transylvania,1639*-79. 

Bethune : Sec also Sully. 

Bethune, Alex. : Scottish poet, 1804-1843. 

Bethune, Alex.Neil : Canad.Bp.of Toronto,1800-1879. 

Bethune, Conon or Quesnes de : Fr. trouvfire, 1150*- 
1224. 

Bethune, Ebrardus ; See Eberhardus Bethuniensis. 

Bethune, Geo. Wash. : American divine and mis- 
cellaneous writer, 1805-1862. 

Bethune, Sir Hy. Lindesay ; British major-general, 
1787-1861. 

Bethune, Jas. : Canad. lawyer and pol.. 1840-1884. 

Bethune, Jno. : Scottish poet, 1812-1839. 

Bethune, Jno. Drinkwater : English military 
historian, 1762-1844. 

Bethune, Jno. Elliot Drinkwater : Indian legislator 
and educationist, 1801-1851. 

BSthune, Phil, de : Fr. ambassador, 1661*-1649. 

B6thune, Quesnes de : See B6thxme, Conon de. 

Bettelheim, Karl ; Austrian physician and professor 
of medicine, 1840-1895. 

Bettelini, Pietro : Italian engraver, 1763-1828. 

Betterton,Thos.: Eng.Shakesperiau actor, 1635*-1710. 

Bettes, Jno, : Eng. miniature painter, -1570*. 

Bettesworth, Geo. Edm. Byron : British naval 
captain, 1780-1808. 

Bettinelli, Saverio : Italian Jesuit and man of letters 
1718-1808. 

B6ttini,?Dom. : Italian painter, 1644-1705. 

Betto Bardi, Donate di : See Donatello. 

Bettoll, Parmenio : Ital. joum. and dram. ,1836-1907. 

Betts, Jno. : Eng. physician and med.wr,. -1696. 

Betts, Sam. Rossiter : American jurist, 1787-1868, 

Betts, Thad.: American lawver and pol., -1840, 

Betts, Thos. : Canadian athlete, -1915. 

Betts, Wm. : American lawj'cr, 1802-1884. 

Betty, Wm. Hy. West., ' Young Roscius ■ : English 
actor, 1791-1874. 

Bettziech-Beta : See Beta. 

Betnlius, Dan. : Germ, theol. and poet. 1550-1642. 

Betul(e)ius, Xistus (Sixt Birk) : German gram- 
marian, Latin poet and philosopher, 1500-1554. 

Betussi, Gins. : Ital, poet of Bassano, -post 1665. 

Bctz, Franz : German vocalist, 1836-1900. 

Beudant, Fran?. Sulpice : French geologist and 
mineralogist, 1787-1860. 

Beuf, Jean Le : French antiquary, 1687-1760, 

Beugnot, Jacques Claude. Ct, : Fr. pol., 1761-1835. 

Beukelsz : See Buckholdt. 

Beulan(ius) : priest, fl. 600, 

Beuli, Chas. Ern. : Fr. archaBol. and pol., 1826-1874 

Benno (Beino) : Welsh saint, -660*. 

Beurmann, Mor. von : Germ, Air. expl,, -1863 

Beurnonville, Pierre de Ruel, Marquis : French 
marshal, 1762-1821. 

Beurs, Wm. : Dutch painter, 1666-1690*. 

Beust, Fried, von : Germ.-Swiss educat, 1817-1899 

Beust, Fried. Ferd. von ; Austr. statesman,, 1809-86 

Beuther, Mich. : Germ, philologist 1622-1587 

BeutmuUer, Casp. : Germ, goldsmith, -1618 

Beutmiiller, Hans : German goldsmith, fl. 1616, 

Bevan, Edw. : Bng. phyan. and apiarian, 1770-1860 

Bevan, Jos, Gumey : Eng. Quaker writer, 1763-1814' 

Bevan, \»m. Latham : Welsh divine, theologian and 
geographical writer, 1821-1908 



59 



SEVER 



DICTIONARY OP UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BICKNELL 



Bever, Jno. : See also John of London. 

Sever, Thoa. : Bag. scholar and civilian, 1726-1791. 

Beveridge, Jno. ; Scottish poet and schoolmaster in 
New England, fl. 1752. 

Beveridge, Jno. L. : Amer. brlg.-gen., 1842- 

Beverldge, Wm. : Bp. of St. Asaph, 1637-1708. 

Beverini, Bart. : Ital. prof, of rhetoric, 1629-1686. 

Beverland, Adrian : Dutch jurist and philologist, 
1654*-?;os« 1712. 

Beverley, Chas. Jas., F.R.S. : Scot, nat., 1788-1863. 

Beverley, Hy. Roxby ; English actor, 1796-1863. 

Beverley, St. Jno. of ; See John. 

Beverley, Jno. of : Eng. Carmelite monk, -1414. 

Beverley, Jno. : Esquire Bedell of Cambridge Uni- 
versity and antiquary, 1743-1827. 

Beverley (Inglebred), Phil. : Oxford benefactor and 
divine, fl. 1290. 

Beverley, Wm. Roxby : Eng. scene-pntr., 1814*-89. 

Beverly, Bob. : American historian, 1675*-1716. 

Bevern, Aug. Wilh. : German general, 1715-1782. 

Beverninck, Hieron. van ; Dutch statesm., 1614-90. 

Bevers, J. C. S. : Dutch statesman, -1909, 

Beverwyck, Job. van, * Beverovicius ' : Dutch 
medical writer, 1594-1647. 

Bevignani, Enrico Modisto : Italian-English music 
conductor, 1841-1903. 

Beville, Sir Geo. Fos. : British general ,1837-1913. 

Beville, Bob. : English lawyer, -1824. 

Bevin, Blway : Welsh musical comp., fl. 1605-1631. 

Bevis (Bevans), Jno., F.R.S. : Welsh astronomer, 
1693-1771. 

Bewick, Jane r English editress, 1787-1881. 

Bewiek, Jno. : English wood engraver, 1760-1795. 

Bewick, Rob. Elliot : Eng. wood engrav., 1788-1849. 

Bewick, Thos. : Eng. waod engraver, 17.53-1828. 

Bewick, Wm. : English portrait and historical painter, 
1795-1866. 

Bewley, Ant.t American Abolitionist and divine, 
1804-1860. 

Bewley, Sir Edm. Thos. : Irish lawyer and genea- 
logist, 1837-1908. 

Bewly, Wm. : English chemist and natural philo- 
sopher, -1783. 

BexHeld, Wm. Rich. : Eng. mus. comp., 1824-1853. 

Bexley, Baron : See Vansittart. 

Bexon, Gab. Leop. Chas. Aim6. : Fr. nat., 1748-1784. 

Bexon, Solpione J6r6me : French jurist, 1763-1825. 

Beyer (Beter), Aug. ; German historian and critic, 
1707-1741. 

Beyer, Aug. : German architect, 1834-1899. 

Beyer, Ferd. ; Germ, pianist and comp., 1803-1863. 

Beyer, Fried. Gustav von : Germ, gen., 1812-1889. 

Beyer, Menzel ; Bohemian physician. 1488-1526. 

Beyers, Clirist. Fred. : South African general and 
rebel, 1860-1914. 

Beyle, Marie Hen., ' Stendhal ' : French novelist, poet 
and politician, 1783-1842. 

Beyrich, Clementine (nie Helm) : German writer for 
the young, 182.5-1896. 

Beyrich, Ernst Hein. von: German geologist and 
palaeontologist, 1815-1896. 

Beys, Chas. de : French poet, 1610-1659. 

Beyschlag,Willibald; Germ.Prot. divine, 1823-1900. 

Beysser, Jean Mich. : French general at the Revolu- 
tion, 1734-1794. 

Beza, Theod. de : French reformer, 1519-1605. 

Bezborodko, Alex. Andreevich, Prince : Grand Chan- 
cellor of Russia, 1747-1799. 

Beziers, Mich. : French ecclesiastical, historical and 
antiquarian writer, 1719-1782. 

Bezjian, H. Alexan : Turkish scientist and author, 
1837-1913. 

Bezold, Wilh. von : Germ, meteorologist, 1837-1907. 

Bezout, Etienne : French mathematician, 1730-1783. 

Bhadyanyi, Maharani : Indian philanth., -1907. 

Bhaskarananda, Swami : Indian hermit and scholar, 
1833-1899. 

Bhau Daji or Ramkrishna Vital: Indian physician, 
Sanscrit scholar and antiquary, 1822-1874. 

Bhavabhuti : dramatist, fi. 700-800. 

Bhawani. of Natore: Ind, fndr. of temples,1718»-1795. 

Bhawan! Sen Bahadur ; Indian ruler, 1883-1912. 

Bhering, Veit : Danish navigator, 1680'>-1741. 

Bhidc, Gopalrao Hari ; Indian pleader and social 
reformer, 1843-1896. 

Bhonsla II., Raghoji : Indian raja, -1816. 

Bhonsla III., Raghoji : Indian raja, 1808*-1853. 



Bhup Bahadur, Sir Neipendra Naranyan: Indian 
ruler, 1862-1911. 

Biaggio, Bernardino di (Pinturicchio and Sordicohio) : 
Italian reliirious painter, 1454-1513. 

Biagio, Martino di : Sienese religious pntr., -1433. 

Biagio, Vincenzo di (Catena) : Italian portrait and 
historical painter, 11. 1500. 

Biancani, Gius. : Jesuit and mathematician of 
Bologna, 1666-1624. 

Biancheri, Qiusseppi: Italian politician, 1823-1908. 

Bianchi, Card. : Ital. card, and diplom., 1817-1897. 

Bianchi, Francesco Bianctii Ferrari (II Frare) : 
Italian religioi^ painter, 1447-1610. 

Bianchi, Franc. : Ital. musical composer, 1762*-1811. 

Bianchi, Giov., ' Janus Blancus ' : Italian physician, 
anatomist and naturalist, 1693-1776. 

Bianchi, Giov. Batt. : Italian anatomist, 1681-1761. 

Bianchi, Pietro : Italian painter, 1694-1740*. 

Bianohini (Blanchinius), Franc. : ItaUan astronomer, 
antiquary and philosopher, 1662-1729. 

Bianchini, Giov. Fortunato : medical writer at 
Padua, 1720-1779. 

Bianchini, Gius. : Ital. antiquary, 1704-j)0«« 1759. 

Bianoolelli, Pierre Fran?., ' Dominique ' : French 
dramatist, 1681-1734. 

Bianconi, Chas. : Italian promoter of Irish car 
system, 1786-1875. 

Bianconi, Giov. Batt. : Ital. philologist, 1698-1781. 

Bianconi, Giov. Lodovlco : Italian physician and 
philosopher, 1717-1781. 

Biard, Aug. Frani). : French painter, 1798-1882. 

Biard, Pierre : Fr. sculptor and architect, 1559-1609. 

Biard, Pierre : Fr. missionary in America, 1565-1622. 

Bias, of Priene : one of the seven wise men of Greece, 
fl. B.C. 544*. 

Bibaculus, Marcus Furius : Bom. poet, B.C. 103*- 

Bibaud, Mich. : Canadian author. 1782-1857. 

Bibb, Geo. M. : American jurist, 1772-1859. 

Bibb, Wm. Wyatt : Governor of Alabama, 1780-1820. 

Bibbiena, Bern. Dovizi di: Ital. cardinal, 1470-1520. 

Bibby, Thos. : Irish poetical writer, 1799-1863. 

Bibelesworth (Bibbesworth), Walter de : English 
poet, fl. 1270. 

Blber, Geo. Edw. : German miscellaneous writer in 
England, 1801-1874. 

Biber, Hein. Job. Franz von : German musical com- 
poser and violinist, 1644-1704. 

Biberstein, Marschall : German botanist, 1768-1828. 

Blbiena, Fern. Galli da : Italian painter and archi- 
tect, 1667-1743. 

Bibiena, Franc. Galli da : Italian painter and archi- 
tect, 1659-1739. 

Bibl, Andreas : Austrian musician arid musical com- 
poser, 1797-1878. 

Bibliander, Theod. [ni Buchmann) : Swiss theo- 
logian and Protestant divine, 1604-1664. 

Bibra, Em. : Germ. trav. and naturalist, 1806-1872. 

Bibulus, M. Calpurnius : Roman consul, -B.C. 48. 

Biccius, Zacharias : German poet and Hellenist, fl. 
17th century. 

Bichat, Marie Fran?. Xav. : French anatomist, 
physiologist and medical writer, 1771-1802. 

Bicheno, Jas. Ebenezer : Colonial Secretary in Van 
Diemen's Land, 1785-1851. 

Bicker : See also Miel. 

Bicker, Walter : American soldier, 1796-1886. 

Bickerstaff, Wm. : English antiquary, 1728-1789. 

Bickerstaife, Isaac : Irish dramatic wr., 1735*-1812*. 

Bickersteth, Edw., of Watton: Eng. div., 1786-1850. 

Bickersteth, Edw. : Dean of Lichfield, 1814-1892. 

Bickersteth, Edw. : English divtae, 1850-1897. 

Bickersteth, Edw. Hy. : Bishop of Exeter, poet and 
religious writer, 1826-1906. 

Bickersteth, Hy., Lord Langdale : Master of the 
Rolls, 1783-1851. 

Bickersteth, Rob. : Bishop of Ripon, 1816-1884. 

Blckerton, Sb: Eich. : Brit, vice-admiral, 1727-1792. 

Bickerton, Sir Rich. Hussey : Brit, adm., 1759-1832. 

Blckham, Geo., ' The Elder ' : English writing 
master and engraver, -1769. 

Biskham, Geo., ' The Younger ' : English engraver, 
-1768. 

Bickley.Jno. : English cricketer, 1819-1866. 

Bickley, Thos. : Bishop of Chichester, 1518-1696. 

Bioknell, Alex. : English author, -1796. 

Bloknell, Elhanan : Eng. art collector, 1788-1861, 

Bioknell, Herman : Eng. author and trav., 1830-73. 



60 



BICKNELL 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BILLINGSLEY 



Bicknell, M. : English actress, 1695*-1723. 

Blckaor (Bykenore), Alex. : Archbishop of Dublin, 

-1349. 
Bida, Alexandre : Fr. book lllastrator, 1823-1895. 
Bidder, Fried. : BusB.-Germ. biolo(!ist, 1810-1894. 
Bidder, Geo. Parker : Bng. engineer, 1806-1878. 
Blddle, Chapman : American lawyer, 1822-1880. 
Biddle, Chas. Jno. : Amer. sold, and journ., lSlS-73. 
Blddle, Clem. : Amer. Quaker general, 1740-1814. 
Biddle, Clem. Cornell : Amer. soldier, 1784-1856. 
Biddle, Jas. : American naval ofttcer, 1788-1848. 
Blddle, Jno. : Eng. Soclnian writer, 1615-1662. 
Blddle, Jno. ; Amer. soldier and historian, 1789-1859 
Biddle, Nlch. : Amer. naval officer, 1750-1778. 
Blddle, Nich. : American financier, 1786-1844. 
Biddle, Rich. : Amer. historical writer, 1796-1847. 
Blddle, Thos. : American soldier, 1790-1831. 
Biddle, Wm. : English agriculturist, 1840-1915. 
Blddlecombe, Sir Geo. : British naval captain and 

author, 1807-1878. 
Blddolph, Sir Mich. Ant. Shrapnel : British general, 

1823-1904. 
Blddolph, 8. : English cricketer, 1840-1876. 
Blddolph, Sir Thos. Myddleton : Brit, gen., 1809-78. 
Biddalph, Thos. Tregenna, of Bristol : English 

divine, 1763-1838. 
Bidel: French lion tamer, 1839-1909. 
Bidgood, Jno. ; English physician and Fetreian 

Fellow at Oxford, 1624-1690. 
Bidlake, Jno. : English divine and poet, 1755-1814. 
Bidloo, Godefroi : Dutch anatomist, 1649-1713. 
Bidwell, Dan. D. : Amer. brig.-general, 1816*-1864. 
Bidwell, Leonard Arth. : Eng. surgeon, 1865-1912. 
Bidwell, Marshal S. : Canadian lawyer and politician, 

1798-1872. 
Bidwell, Shelford, F.E.S. : English scientist and 

pioneer of telephotography, 1848-1909. 
Bidwell, Walter Hilllard : Amer. journ., 1798-1881. 
BidwlU, Jno. Came : English- Australian botanist and 

traveller, 1815-1853. 
Bie, Adrien de : Flemish artist, 1594-1640. 
Ble, Jac. van : Belg. engraver and antiq., 1681-1650*. 
Bledermann, Aloys Emanuel : Swiss theol., 1819-85. 
Biedermann, Fried. Karl: German historian and 

politician, 1812-1901. 
Bledermann, Joh. Gottlieb : Germ, philol., 1705-1772. 
Biedma, Lulz Hem. de : Span. sold, in Florida,fl.l640. 
Blehler, Hans Alexis von : Germ, general, 1818-1886. 
Blel, Gab. : Germ, theol. and phllos., 1426*-1495. 
Biel, Joh. Christ, of Brunswick : German philologist, 

1687-1745. 
Biela, Wilh., Bar. von : Germ, astron., 1782-1856. 
BieUeld, Jac. Fried, von : Germ, statesm., 1711(171-70. 
Bielinski, Pierre : Polish senator, 1754-1829. 
Blelz, Eduard Alb. : Germ, naturalist, 1827-1898. 
Blenewitz: SeeAplanus. 
Bienaaise, Jean : French surgeon, 1601-1681. 
Bienploa y Sotomayor, S. : Spanish Bishop of 

Puebla, 1730-1802. 
Bienville, Jean Bapt. le M. de : French Governor of 

Louisiana, 1680-1765. 
Bierbaum, Otto Julius : Germ, novelist, 1S65-1910. 
Bierey, Gottlob Benedict: German musical com- 
poser, 1772-1840. 
Blermann, Karl Eduard : Germ, painter, 1803-1892. 
Biermer, Anton : German physician, 1827-1892. 
Bierstadt, Alb. : Germ. pntr. in America, 1830-1902. 
Blese, Franz : German teacher, 1803-1895. 
Blesellnghen, Christ. Jan van : Dutch portrait 

pahiter, 1560-1602. 
Blesios, Mcb. : Flem. medical writer, 1516-1572. 
Blester, Joh. Erich : Germ. libr. in Berlin, 1749-1816 
Blevie, Geo., Marshal, Marq. de : Fr. wit, 1747-1792 
Blffl, Qian-Ambrosio : Italian poet, -1618 
Biffl, Giov. : Milanese poet, 1464-1515*. 
Blffln (Beffln), Sarah : Eng. mln. pntr., 1784-1850 
Blfleld, Nich. : SeeByfleld. 

Bigelow, Erastus Brlgham : Amer. inv., 1814-1879. 
Blgelow, Jac. : American physielan, 1787-1879. 
Elgelow, Jno. : American newspaper editor, diplo- 
matist and miscellaneous writer, 1817-1911. 
Bigelow, Lewis : American lawyer, 1783*-1838. 
Blgelow, Tim. : American soldier, 1739-1790. 
Bigelow, Urn. : American lawyer and pol., 1767-1821 
Biget, Anne : See Martha. 

Bigg, Chas. : Bng. class, achol. and theol., 1840-1908. 
Bigg, Jno. Stanyan : Bng. poet and journ., 1828-65. 



Bigg, Wm. Kodmore, U.A. : Eng. pntr., 1755-1828. 
Blggar, Jos. Giilis : Irish politician, 1828-1890. 
Biggs, Asa : Amer. lawyer and state senator, 1811-78. 
Bigi, Francesco (Franciabigio and Francia Blgio) ; 

Florent, portrait and religious pntr., 1482-1625. 
Biglo, Francia : See Bigl. 
Bigland, Jno. : English schoolmaster and author 

1750-1832. 
Bigland, Halph: English antiquary and Garter 

Klng-of-Arms, 1711-1784. 
Bigler, Dav. : Amer. Moravian bishop, 1808-1875. 
BIgler, Jno. : Governor of California, 1804-1871. 
Bigler, Wm. : Gov. of Pennsylvania, 1814-1880. 
BIglow, Wm. : Amer. educat. and author, 1773-1844. 
Blgne (Vigne), Gaces de la : French poet, ' Soman 

des Olseaux,' 1428-1474*. 
Bigne, Marguerin de la : French theologian and 

writer, ' Blbllotheca Patrum,' 1546-1690. 
Blgnell, Hy. : English divine, 1611-1660*. 
Bignell, Mrs. M. : See Bicknell, M. 
Blgnlconrt, Simon de - French man of letters, 

■ PensSes et Reflections,' 1709-1775. 
Bignon, J&Ome : Fr. scholar and writer, 1589-1656. 
Blgnon, Louis Pierre Ed., Bar. : French statesman, 

diplomatist and iiistorian, 1771-1841. 
Bigod (Bygod), Sir Fes. : Bng. rebel, 1508-1537. 
Bigod, Hugh, 1st Earl of Norfolk: chron., -1177. 
Bigod, Hugh : English justiciar, -1266. 
Bigod, Roger, 2nd Ea. of Norfolk : justiciar, -1221. 
Bigod, Roger, 4th Earl of Norfolk : Marshal of 

England, -1270. 
Bigod, Roger, 5th Earl of Norfolk: Marshal of 

England, 1245-1306. 
Blgolaro, H : See Bernard!. 
Blgordl,Domenico (Ghirlandaio) : Florentine religious 

painter, 1449-1494. 
Bigordi, BidoUo (Ghirlandaio) : Florentine religious 

painter, 1483-1661. 
Bigot, Emery : French scholar and promoter of 

learning, 1626-1689. 
Bigot, Gull. : French poet, 1502-po»e 1649. 
Bigot, Marie (.rUe Klene) : Alsatian music, 1786-1820. 
Blgsby, Jno. Jeremiah, F.R.S. : Eng. geol., 1792-1881. 
Bigsby, Rob. : English antiquary, 1806-1873. 
Bikelas, Demetrius : Grk. nov. and trans., 1S34-1908. 
Bilde : See Rhenanus. 
Biiderdijk, Oath. Wiihelmine : Dutch poetess, 

1777-1830. 
Biiderdijk, Willem : Dutch poet and translator. 

1766-1831. 
Bilfinger, Geo. Bern. : German philosopher, mathe- 
matician and statesman, 1693-1750. 
Bilfrith : anchorite of Lindisfarae, fi. 750. 
Bilgrami, Syed All : Indian scholar, geologfat, palaeo- 
grapher, luiguist and administrator, 1863-1911. 
Bilguer, John Uhlc : Swiss surgical wr., 1720-1796. 
Bilinger, Anton : German scholar. 1834-1891. 
Bill, Rob. : English mech. and inv., 1754-1827. 
Bill, Wm. : Dean of Westminster, -1561. 
Biilaud-Varenne, Jacques Nic: Fr.revol., 1756-1819 
Blllault, Aug. Ad. M. : Fr. statesm., 1805-1863. 
Billaut, Adam, ' Maltre Adam ' : French poet and 

carpenter, 1602-1662. 
Bille, Steen Andersen : Danish statesman and 

diplomatist, 1828-1898. 
Biiierbeek, H. L. Jul. : Germ, phllol., 1772-1836 
Bllli, Jacques de : Fr. trans, of Fathers, 1535-15S1 ' 
Billi, Jacques de, of CompiSgae : Fr. astron., 1602-79 
Billing, Arch. : Irish physn. and wr. on art, 1791-1881 
Billing, Sig. : French politician, 1773-1832 
BUUng, Sir Thos. : Eng. chief justice, -1481*. 
Bermudo, Juan : Span.monkandwr.onmus 1510*- ' 
Blllingham (Bullingham), Rich.: English school- 
man, n. 1350. 
Biilinghurst, Wm. B. : Pres. of Peru 1851-1915 
Billings, Hammatt : Amer. archt., -1874 
Billings, Jno. Shaw : Amer. surg. and libr 1836-1913 
Billmgs, Jos. : English explorer and captain in the 

Russian navy, 1758*- 
Billings, Josh. : See Shaw, Hy. WUsou 
Billings,Eob.Wm. : Bng.archt.and author, 1813-1874 
Billings Wm : Amer. sacred music comp., 1746-180o' 
Billingsley, Sir Hy. : Lord Mayor of' London and 

mathematician, -1606 
Billingsley, Jno., ■ The Elder '• : Bng. div., 1625-84 
BiUlngsley, Jno., ' The Younger ' • English Knn 

conformist divine, 1667-1722 ^i„iisn jMon- 



61 



BILLINGSLEY 



DICTIONARy OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BIRON 



Billingsley, Mart. : Bng. writing master, fl. 161S-37. 

Billingsley, Mch. : Bng. poet and div., 1633-1709. 

Billington, Eliz. {n4e Weictisel) : German-English 
vocalist, 1768*-1818. 

Billington, TJios. : Eng. music master, -1832. 

BiUington, Wm. : Eng. dialect wr., 1827-1884. 

Billopp, Christ. : Amer. soldier, 1737-1827. 

Billroth, Alb. Christ. Theod. : Norwegian- Austrian 
surgeon, 1829-1894. 

Billrotli, Joh. Gust. Bried. . Germ, philol., 1808-36. 

Billy : See Billi. 

Bilney (Bylney), Thos. : Bng. martyr, -1531. 

Bilson, Thos. : Bishop of Wmchester, l.')46(7)-1616. 

Binchois, Bgidius (Gilles de Binoh) : Burgundean 
musician and composer, -1460, 

Binck : See Bink. 

Binckes, Wm. ; Dean ot Lichfield, -1712. 

Binder, Joh. : German philologist, 1767-1805. 

Bindley, Chas., 'Harry Hieov'er'; English sporting 
writer, 1795-1859. 

Bindley, Jas. : English book collector, 1737-1818. 

Bindon, Fca. ; Irish pntr. and archt., -1765. 

Blndon, Sam. Hy. : Austral, pol., 1812-1879. 

Bindseil, H. B. : German librarian, -1876. 

Bineau, Armand : French chemist, 1812-1861. 

Bineau, Jean Martial : Br. engin. and pol., 1805-55. 

Binet, Jacques Phil. : Br. mathem., 1786-1856. 

Binet, EenS : Brench translator, 1732-1812. 

Bingham, Clifton : English song and story writer, 
1858-1913. 

Bingham, Dan. Geo.: English-Dutch railway manager 
and benefactor, 1830-1913. 

Bingham, Geo. : Eng. div. and antiq., 1715-1800. 

Bingham, Geo. Chaa., 8rd Earl of Lucan : field- 
marshal, 1800-1888. 

Bingham, Sir Geo. Ridout : Brit, gen., 1777-1833. 
Bingham, Hiram : American missionary, 1789-1869. 
Bingham, Jno. : English divine, 1607-1689. 
Bingham, Jos. : Bng. eccles. archseol., 1668-1723. 
Bingham, Kinsley S. ; Amcr. senator, 1808-1861. 
Bingham, Marg., Countess of Lucan : amateur 

painter, -1814. 
Bingham, Peregrine, ' The Elder ' : English bio- 
grapher and poet, 1754-1826. 
Bingham, Peregrine, ' The Younger ' : English legal 

writer, 1788-1864. 
Bingham (Byngham), Sir Rich. : Governor of Con- 
naught, 1528-1599. 
Bingham, Rich. : English divine, 1765-1838. 
Bingham, Rich. : English divine, 1798-1872. 
Bingham, Wm. : American senator, 1751-1804. 
Bingley, Lord : See Benson. Mart. 
Bingley, Ward : Dutch actor, 1755-1818. 
Bingley, Wm. : Bng. miscell. writer, 1774-1823. 
Binham (Bynham), Simon ; English monk and 

chronicler, fl. 1335. 
Binham (Bynham), Wm, : Eng. theol., fi. 1370. 
Bini, Pasqualino : Italian vloliiiist, 1720*- 
Bink, Jac. : Germ. pntr. and engrav., 1500*-1568*. 
Binneman, Hy. ; See Bynneman, Hy. 
Binney, Amos : Amer. merchant and nat., 1803-1847. 
Binney, Edw. Wm., F.R.S. : Eng. geol., 1812-1881. 
Binney, Hibbert : AngUoan Bishop ot Nova 

Scotia, 1819-1887. 
Binney, Horace : Amer. lawyer and wr., 1780-1875. 
Binney, Horace ; American lawyer, 1809-1870. 
Binney, Thos. : Bng. Nonconf. div., 1798-1874. 
Binning, Lord: See Hamilton, Chas. 
Binning, Hugh : Scottish di\-ine, 1627-1653. 
Binns, Sir Hy. : Eng. premier of Natal, 1834-1899. 
Binns, Jno. : Irish journalist and pol., 1772-1860. 
Binstead, Arth. Morris : Bng. wr. on sport, 1861-1914. 
Binyon, Edw. ; Bng. lands, painter, 1830*-1876. 
Bioerner, Erie Jul. : Swed. antiquary, 1696-1750. 
Bicernstahl (Biornstahl), Jac. Jonas : Swedish 

traveller, 1731-1779. 
Bion, of Smyrna : Greek bucolic poet, fl. B.C. 280. 
Blon : Scythian philosopher, fl. B.C. 250. 
Blon, Borystheneitis : Grk. philos., -B.C. 241*. 
Bion, Mo. : French mathematician, 1662-1733. 
Biondi, Sir Giov. Franc. : Italian historian and 

romance writer in English, 1572-1644. 
Biondi : See Blondus, Mich. Ang. 
Blondo : See Blondus, Flavins. 
Bioni, Ant. : Italian musical composer, 1698*- 
Biot, Jean Bapt. : Frencli mathematician and 
natural philosopher, 1774-1802. 



Bioudhwananda, Swami : Indian pilgrim and scholar, 

1820-1899 
Birague, Clem. : Span, engrav. on gems, fl. 1550*. 
Birague, Ren6 de : Fr. card, and pol., 1507-1683. 
Birch, Sir Aith. : Eng. colonial admin., 1837-1914. 
Bitch, Chas. Bell : English sculptor, 1832-1893. 
Birch, Charl. Ann : English vocalist, 1815*-1901. 
Birch, Geo.Hv. : Eng. archt. and archaool.,1842-1904. 
Birch, Jas. : Welsh heresiarch, fl. 1759-1795. 
Birch, Jno. : Bng. parliamentaiy colonel, 1616-91. 
Birch, Jno. : English surgeon, 1745*-1815. 
Birch, Jno. : Eng. port, and lands, pntr., 1807-57. 
Birch, Jno. Somerville : Anglo-Egyptian official, 

1861-1913. 
Birch, Jon. : Eng. translator of Faust, 1783-1847. 
Birch, Peter : English divine, 1652*-1710. 
Birch, Sir Rich. Jas. Holwell : Anglo-Indian general, 

1803-1876. 
Birch, Sam. : Eng. dram, and pastrycook, 1757-1841. 
Birch, Sam. : Eng. Egyptologist and antiq., 1813-85. 
Birch, Thos., F.R.S. : Eng. hist, and biog., 1705-66. 
Birch, Thos, : Amer. marine painter, 1779-1851. 
Birch, Thos. Ledlie : Irish Presbyt. min., -1808. 
Birch, Wm.: Eng.enamel pntr. and engrav., 1755-1834. 
Birch-Hirschleld, Felix Victor : German physician, 

1842-1899. 
Birch-Pfeiffer, Charl. : German actress and dramatist, 

1800-1868. 
Birchall, Rob. : Eng. music publisher, -1819. 
Birchensha, Jno. : Welsh musician, fl. 1664-1672. 
Birchington, Steph. : Eng. archseol., fl. 1382. 
Birchley, Wm. : See Austin, Jno. 
Birckbek, Simon : Eng. controvers., 1584-1656. 
Bird, Chas. Smith : Eng. theol. writer, 1795-1862. 
Bird, Edw., R.A. : Eng. subject pntr., 1772-1819. 
Bird, Fos. : English sculptor, 1667-1731 . 
Bird, Golding, F.R.S. : English physician and 

scientist, 1814-1854. 
Bird, Hy. Edw. : English chess-player, 1830-1908. 
Bird, Jas. : Eng. poet, wr. and dram., 1788-1839. 
Bird, Jno. : Bishop of Chester, -1558. 
Bird, Jno. : English mathematical instrument maker, 

1709-1776. 
Bird, Rich. : Canon of Canterbiuy. -1609. 
Bird, Rob. Merttins : Anglo-Indian Civil servant, 

1788-1853. 
Bird, Rob. Montgomery : Amer. nov., 180.3-1854. 
Bird, Sam. : English divine, fl. 1600. 
Bird or Birde, Wm. : En«. mus. comp., 1537*-1623. 
Birdsall, Jno. Augustine : President General of the 

Benedictines in England, 1775-1837. 
Birdwood, Herb. Mills : Anglo-Ind. judge, 1837-1907. 
Biren (Buren), Em. Joh. de : Duke of Courland : 

Russian statesman, 1690-1772. 
Birgor de Blelbo : Regent of Sweden, 1210*-1266. 
Birger II. : King of Sweden, 1280-1321. 
Biringuccio, Vanuoci : Ital. mathem., 1500*-1560*. 
Birinus, St. : Bishop of Dorcliester, -650. 
Birkbeck, Geo. : English physician, philanthropist 

and promoter of mechanics' institutions,1776-1841 . 
Birkbeck, Morris : Amer. trav. and wr., -1825. 
Birkenhead (Berkenhead), Sir Jno., F.R.S. : English 

Royalist, political writer and satirist, 1616-1679. 
Birkenshaw, Jno. : See Birchensha. 
Birkhead (Birket), Geo. : English Roman Catholic 

archpriest, -1614. 
Birkhead, Hy. : English Latin poet, 1617*-1696. 
Birkmeyer, Fritz : Germ. hist, pntr., 1848- 
Birks, Thos. Rawson : English theologian and con- 
troversialist, 1810-1883. 
Birmann, Martin : Swiss theologian, politician and 

writer, 1828-1890. 
Birmingham, Jno. : Irish astronomer, 1816-1884. 
Birney, David Bell : Amer. maj.-gen., 1825-1864. 
Birney, Jas. Gillespie : Amer. statesm., 1792-1857. 
Birnie, Alex. : Scottish poet and journ., 1826-1862. 
Birnie, Sir Rich. : Eng. magistrate, 1760'-1832. 
Birnie, Rich. : Eng.-Australian judge, 1808- 
Birnie, Wm. : Scottish divine, 1563-1619. 
Birnston : See Byrnston. 
Biroli, Giov. : Italian botanist, 1772-1825. 
Biron, Armand de Gontaut, Baron de : marshal of 

France, 1624-1592. 
Biron, Armand Louis de Gonteau, Due de Lauzun : 

French politician, 1747-1793. 
Biron, Chas. de Gontaut.tDuc de : French .■vmbassador, 

adm. and marshal, 1562-1602. 



62 



BIRON 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BLACKLOCK 



Biron, Hy. Brydges : English cricketer, liorticulturist 

and divine, 1835-1915, 
BiroD, Rob. jno. : English magistrate, 1832-1395. 
Birr, Anton : Swiss Hellenist, 1693-1762. 
Birrel, Bob. : Scottish diarist, fl. 1567-1605, 
Birrell, Jno. : Scottish Orientalist, 1836-1901. 
Birani, Abdur Raihan Muhammad : Arabi.an scholar, 

973-1048. 
Bisaccioni, Ct. Majolino : Ital. hist., 1582-1663. 
BIsby (Bisbie), Nath. : Eng. divine, 1635-1695. 
Bbcalno, Bart. : Ital. pntr. and engrav., 1632-1657. 
BIschof, Carl Gust. C. : Oerm. geologist, 1792- 
Blsehofp Gust. : German-English chemist and 

inventor, 1834-1903. 
Bischofl, Jas. : Eng. commercial writer, 1776-1845. 
BischoO, Joh. Jao. : Germ, physician, 1841-1892. 
BlschoS, Joh. Nikolaus : Oerm. mathem., 1827-93. 
Bischofl, Ludw. Fried. Christ. : German musical 

writer and enthusiast, 1794-1867. 
Bischofl, Theod. Ludw. Wilh. : German physiolo- 
gist, 1807-1882. 
Blschoflshelm, Hen. Louis : Erench-English philan- 
thropist, 1829-1908. 
Bischop (Bislrop), Corn, van : Dutch pntr., 1630-74. 
Bischop (Biskop), Jan van : Dutch designer and 

engraver, 1646-1686. 
Biscoe, Jno. : English Puritan divine, -1679. 
Biscoe, Rich. ; English divine, -1748. 
BIsoop, Benedict : Abbot of Wearmouth, 629*-690. 
Biset, Earel Eman. : Flem. painter, 1633-1680. 
Bishop, Ann (nie Riviere) : Eng. voc, 1814-1884. 
Bishop, Geo. : American author, fl. 1680. 
Bishop, Geo., F.R.S. : Eng. astron., 1785-1861. 
Bishop, Sir Hy. Rowley : Eng. mus. comp., 1786-1855. 
Bishop, Isabella Lucy (wfo Bird) : English traveller 

and miscellaneous writer, 1832-1904. 
Bishop, Jno. : Eng. musical composer. 1665-1787. 
Bishop, Jno. : English surgeon, 1797-1873. 
Bishop, Jno. : Eng. org. and wr. on music, 1817-90. 
Bishop, Levi : Amer. lawyer and liist,, 1815-1881. 
Bishop, Rob. Hamilton : Scottish divine and author, 

1777-1855, 
Bishop, Sam. : English poet, 1731-1795. 
Bishop, Wm. : Eng. R.O. Bp. of Chalcedon, 1554-1624. 
Bisl, Fra Bonaventura : Italian monk, miniature 

painter and engraver, 1612-1662. 
Blsley, Geo. ; See Beesiey. 

Bismarck, Prince Herb. : Germ, diplom., 1850-1904. 
Bismaick, Ct. Wm. Otto Albrecht von : German 

administrator, 1852-1901. 
Bismarck-Bohlen, Fried. Alex., Ct. : German 

general, 1818-1894. 
Blsmarck-SchSnhausen, Otto Eduard Leop. von : 

German statesman, 1815-1898. 
Bisping, Aug. : Germ. Bibl. scholar, 1811-1884. 
Bissait (Bisset), Baldred : Scot, divine, fl. 1303. 
Bisse, Phil., F.R.S. : Bishop of St. David's and Here- 
ford, 1667-1721. 
Bisse, Thos. : English divine, 1731- 
Bissell, Clark : American jurist, 1782-1857. 
Bissell, Dan. : American general, 1833- 
Blssell, Josiah Wolcott : Amer. engineer, 1818- 
Bissell, Simon B. : Amer. naval officer, 1808-1883. 
Bissell, Wm. H. : American statesman, 1811-1860. 
Bissell, Wm. Hy. Aug. : American Protestant 

Episcopal Bishop of Vermont, 1814- 
Bissen, Wilhem : Danish sculptor, 1798-1868. 
Bisset, Chas. : Scottish physician and writer on 

fortification, 1717-1791. 
Bisset, Jas. : Scot, artist and humorist, 1762-1832. 
Bisset, Jas. : Scot, schol. and pol., 1795-1872. 
Bisset, Su: Jno. : Eng. commissary gen., 1777-1854. 
Bisset (Bissat, Bissart), Pet. : Scottish professor of 

Canon Law at Bologna, -1568. 
Bisset, Rob. : Eng. hist, and biog., 1759-^1805. 
Bisset, Wm. : Eng. div. and pamplUeteer, -1747. 
Bisset, Wm. : Irish Bp. of Raphoe, 1758-1834. 
Blssolo, Pier Franc. : Ital. painter, fl. 1492-1530. 
Blsson, Alex. ; French dramatist, 1848-1912. 
Bistac, Franf . : French Brammarian, 1677-1752. 
Bltauhi, Paul J6r6mie : Fr.-Germ. schoL, 1732-1808. 
Bitter, Karl : Austr.-Amer. sculptor, 1867-1915. 
Bittsr, Karl Herm. : German statesman and writer 

on music, 1813-1885. 
Bitterlich, Edw. : Austr. min. painter, -1872. 
BIttner, Franz Seraph Anton: German Catholic 

theologian, 1812-1888. 



63 



Bitzer, Ludw. Fried. : Germ, statesman, 1816-1885. 

Bitzlus, Alb. : Swiss theologian, 1885-1882. 

Bitzins, Albrecht : Swiss novelist, 1797-1854. 

Bivar, Don Rod. Dias de, ' The Cid ' ; Spanish 
hero, 1040*-1099. 

Bix, Angel : Eng. Franciscan friar, -1695. 

Bixby, Jno. Mimson : American lawyer, 1800-1876. 

Bixio, Jacques Alex. : French statesman, 1808- 

Bixio, Nmo : Italian soldier, 1821-1873. 

Bizari, Pietro : Ital. hist, and poet in Eng., 1530'-86*. 

Bizet, Geo. ; Fr. mus. comp., ' Carmen,* 1838-1875. 

Bizot, Pet. : French numismatist, ' Hist. Medal, de 
I'Hollande,' 1680-1696. 

Bizzelli, Jno. : Ital. hist, and port, pntr., 1556-1612. 

Bjdrnson, Bj6rnstjeme : Norwegian poet, drama- 
tist, orator and novelist, 1832-1910. 

Blaas, Karl von ; Austr. historical painter, 1815-94. 

Blaauw, Wm. Hy. : Eng. antiq. and hist., 1798-1870. 

Blacader (Blaclcader), Rob. : Archbishop of Glasgow, 
-1508. 

Blacas d'Anlps, Pierre Louis, Duke of : French 
diplomatist, 1771-1839. 

Blaeater, Adam : Scottish professor of piiilosophy in 
Cracow, fl. 1319. 

Black, Adam : Scot. pol. and publisher, 1784-1874. 

Black, Alex. : Scottish theologian, 1789-1864. 

Black, Jas. : Scottish physician, 1788»-1867. 

Black, Jeremiah Sullivan : American jurist and 
statesman, 1810-1883. 

Black, Jno. ; Scottish journalist and newspaper 
editor, 1783-1855. 

Blaok, Jno. ; American diplomatist, 1792-1873. 

Black, Jos. : Scot. chem. and physicist, 1728-1799. 

Black, Keil : Australian politician. 1804-1880. 

Black, Pat. : Scottish physician, 1813-1879. 

Black, Rob. : Irish Presbyt. minister, 1752-1817. 

Black, Rob. : English classical scholar and mis- 
cellaneous writer, 1829-1915. 

Black, Wm. : Irish physician, 1749-1829. 

Blaok, Wm. : American divine, 1760-1834. 

Black, Wm. : Scottish novelist, 1841-1898. 

Black, Wm. Hy. : Scottish antiquary, 1808-1872. 

Blackadder, Adam : Scottish Covenanter, fl. 1674-96. 

Blackadder, Jno., ' The Elder ' : Scot, div., 1616-86. 

Blackadder, Jno., ' The Younger ' : British lieu- 
tenant-colonel, 1664-1729. 

Blackadder, Wm. : Scottish physician, 1647-1704. 

Blackader, Cuthbert ; Scottish ciiieftain, -1485. 

Blackader, Rob. : See Blacader. 

Blackall, Jno.; English physician, 1771-1860. 

Blackall (Blackhall), Offspring : Bishop of Exeter 
and controversialist, 1654-1716. 

Blackall, Sam. : English divine, -1792. 

Blackall, S. Wensley : Gov. of Queensland, 1809-71. 

Blackbourne, Jno. : English nonjuror, 1683-1741. 

Blackburn, Colin, Baron Blackburn : English judge, 
1813-1896. 

Blackburn, Gideon : Amer. div. and miss., 1772-1838. 

Blackburn, Helen : Irish pioneer of Woman's 
Suffrage, 1842-1903. 

Blackburn, Hy. : Bug. art critic, 1830-1897. 

Blackburn, Jon. : Amer. portrait painter, 1700*-65*. 

Blackburn, Wm. : English arcliitect, 1750-1790. 

Blackburn, Wm. : American pioneer, 1814-1867. 

Blackburne, Anna : English botanist, -1794. 

Blackburne, Fes. : prebendary of Bilton, 1705-87. 

Blackburne, Fes. ; Ld. Chanc. of Ireland, 1782-1867 

Blackburne, Jno. : English botanist, 1690-1786. 

Blackburne, Lancelot : Archbp. of York, 1658-1743. 

Blackburne, Rich. : English physician, 1652- 

Blackburne, Sir Wm. : A'ngio-Ind. gen., 1764-1839. 

Blacker, Geo. : Irish antiquary, 1791-1871. 

Blacker, Valentine : Anglo-Indian soldier and 
historian, 1778-1823. 

Blackerby, Rich. : English Puritan. 1574-1648 

Biacket, Jos. : English poet, 1786-1810. 

Blackford, Isaac Newton : Amer. jurist, 1786-1859 

Blaok Hawk: American-Indian chief of Sac and 
Fox tribes, 1767-1838. 

Blackhall, Gilb. : Scot. R.C. missioner fl 1B67 

Blackhall, Offspring : See Blackall. ' 

Blackie, Jno. Stuart : Scottish scholar, poet and man 
of letters, 1809-1895. 

Blaekley, Wm. Lewery : Irish divine and social 
reformer, 1830-1902. 

Blacklock, Thos. : Scottish poet, 1721-1791 

Blacklock, Wm. Jas. : Eng. lands, pntr., 1815*-1858 



BLACKLOE 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOaRAPHY 



BLANC 



Blackloe, Thos. : See White, Thos. 

Blackman ; See also Blakman. 

Blackman, Geo. Curtis : Anier. surgeon, 1819-1871. 

Blackman, Learner : Amer. missionary, 1781*-1815. 

Blackmore, .Tas. Newnham ; Under-Treasurer of 

Soutll Australia, 1836-1876. 
Blackmore, Sir Rich. : English physician and poet, 

1650*-1729. 
Blackmore, Rich. Doddridge : English novelist, 

' Lorna Doone," 1826-1900. 
Blackmore, Thos. : English mezzotint engraver, 

1740»-1780*. 
Blackmore, Wm. . Eng. ejected minister, -1684. 
Blackner, Jno. : English historian of N'ottingham, 

1770-1816. 
Blackrie, Alex. : Scot, apothecary, -1772. 
Blackstone, Jao, : English apothecary and botanist, 

-1763. 
Blackstone (Blaxton), Wm. : English Episcopal 

divine in New England, -1675. 
Blackstone, Sir Wm. : English judge and jurist, 

' Commentaries on the Laws of England,' 1723-80. 
Blackwall, Ant. : Eng. class, scholar, 1674-1730. 
Blackwall, Jno. : English zoologist, 1790-1881. 
Blackwell, Alex. ; Scottish adventurer, -1747. 
Blackwell, Eliz. : Scottish designer of medicinal 

plants, fl. 1737. 
Blackwell, Eliz. : English woman pioneer In medicine, 

1821-1910. 
Blackwell, Geo. : Eng. arohpriest, 1546*-1613. 
Blackwell, Jno. : Welsh poet and prose wr.,1797-1840. 
Blackwell, Thos., ' The Elder ' : Scottish contro- 
versialist, 1660*-1728. 
Blackwell, Thos., ' The Younger' : Scottish Hellenist, 

1701-1767. 
Blackwood, Adam : Scot, miscell. wr., 1539-1613. 
Blackwood, Fred. Temple Hamilton-Temple, 1st 

Marquis of Dufferin and Ava : British diplomiitist 

and administrator, 1826-1902. 
Blackwood, Geo. Fred. : Anglo-Indian soldier, 

1838-1880. 
Blackwood, Hy. : Fr. physn. and philos., -1614. 
Blackwood, Su: Hy. : Brit, vice-admiral, 1770-1834. 
Blackwood, Jno.: editor of 'Blackwood's Magazine,' 

1818-1879. 
Blackwood, Wm. : Scottish publisher and founder of 

' Blackwood's Magazine,' 1776-1834. 
Blackwood, Wm. : Scottish publisher, 1886-1912. 
Bladen, Mart. : Brit, lieut.-col. and pol., 1680-1746. 
Bladen, Thos. : Governor of Maryland, fl. 1742. 
Blades, Wm. : Eng. printer and bibliog., 1824-1890. 
Blaes, Arnold Jos. : Belgian musician, 1814-1892. 
Blaeuw, Joan. : Dutch cartographer and printer, 

1600»-1673. 
Blaeuw, Willem Janszoon : Dutch cartographer, 

1671-1638. 
Blagden, Sir Chas., E.R.S. : Scottish experimental 

philosopher, 1748-1820. 
Blagden-Hale, Matth. : English Bishop of Brisbane, 

1811-1896. 
Blagdon, Fes. Wm. : English journalist and mis- 
cellaneous writer, 1778-1819. 
Blagge (Blage), Bob. : English judge, -1522*. 
Blagrave, Dan. : English regicide, 1603-1668. 
Blagrave, Jno, : Eng. mathem. and benef ., -1611. 
Blagrave, Jos. ; English astrologer, 1610-1682. 
Blagrave, Thos. : English musician, -1688. 
Blagrove, Hy. Gamble : Eng. musician, 1811-1872. 
Blague (Blage), Thos. : Dean of Rochester, -1611. 
Blahetka, Marie Leopoldine : Austr. music, 1811-87. 
Blaikie, Wm. Garden : Scottish divine, 1820-1899. 
Blaine, Jas. Gillespie : Amer. statesm., 1830-1893. 
Blainville, Hen. Marie Ducrotay de, F.R.S. : French 

zoologist and naturalist, 1777-1860. 
Blair, And. Geo. : Canadian statesman. 1844-1907. 
Blair, Austin : Governor of Michigan, 1818-1894. 
Blair, Fes. Preston ; American major-general and 

politician, 1821-1875. 
Blair, ■ Fes. Preston : American statesman and 

journalist, 1791-1876. 
Blair, Hugh : Scottish divine and professor of 

rhetoric, 1718-1800. 
Blair, Jas. : Scottish missionary to Virginia and 

educationist, 1666-1743. 
Blair, Sir Jas. Hunter : Scottish banker, 1741-1787. 
Blair, .Tno. : Scottish chaplain of Sir Wm. Wallace, 
fl. 1300. 



Blair, Jno. : American statesman, 1689-1771. 
Blair, Jno. : Amer. divine and author, 1720-1771. 
Blair, Jno., F.B.S. : prebendary of Westminster 

and chronologist, -1782. 
Blair, Jno. : American judge, 1732-1800. 
Blair, Jno. Insley : American capitalist and railway 

constructor, 1802-1899. 
Blair, Montgomery : American statesman and 

lawyer, 1813-1883. 
Blair, Pat. : Scot. surg. and anat. writer, -1728*. 
Blair, Kob. ; Scottish divine, 159S-1666. 
Blair, Eob. : Scottish poet, 1699-1746. 
Blair, Rob., of Avontoun : Scot, judge, 1741-1811. 
Blair, Rob. : Scottish astronomer and Inventor of the 

' Aplanatlc ' telescope, -1828. 
Blair, Sam. : Amer. dlv. and author, 1712-1751. 
Blair, Sam. : American dlvhie, 1741-1818. 
Blair, Wm. : British naval captain, 1741-1782. 
Blair, Wm. : Eng. surg. and author, 1766-1822. 
Blaise, St. : Bishop of Sebaste, -'Sie. 
Blak (Black), Jno.-: Domin, friar of Aberdeen, -1563. 
Blake : See also Jex-Blake. 

Blake, Chas. : English divine and poet, 1664-1780. 
Blake, Edw. : Canadian statesman and lawyer and 

Irish politician, 1833-1912. 
Blake, Eli Whitney : Amer. inventor, 1795-1886. 
Blake, Sir Fes., F.R.S. : Irish mathem., 1708-1780. 
Blake, Sk Fos. : Irish political writer, 1738*-1818. 
Blake, Geo. A. H. : Amer. brig.-gen., 1812-1884. 
Blake, Geo. Smith : Amer. naval ofScer, 1803-1871. 
Blake, Homer C. : American nav. off., 1822-1880. 
Blake, Jas., ' James Cross ' : Eng. Jesuit, 1649-1728. 
Blake, Jno. Bradby : English botanist and naturalist 

In Chhia, 1745-1778. 
Blake, Jno. Laurls : Amer. author and ed., 1788-1857. 
Blake, Jos. : Eng. colonist in Carolina, 1620*-1700*. 
Blake, Malachi : Eng. Dissenting min., 1687-1760. 
Blake, Rob. : Brit. adm. and Pari., 1599-1667. 
Blake, Thos. : English Puritan, 1597-1657. 
Blake, Thos. Holdsworth : Amer. poL, 1792-1849. 
Blake, Wm. : Eng. Dissentmg divine, 1773-1821. 
Blake, Wm. : Eng. pntr., poet and engrav., 1757-1827. 
Blake, Wm. Hume : Canadian jurist, 1809-1870. 
Blake, Wm. Rufus : Canadian actor, 1805-1863. 
Blakeley, Wm. : English actor, 1830-1897. 
Blakely, Fletcher: Irish Remonstrant minister, 

1783-1862. 
Blakely, Johnston : Irish- Amer. nav. off., 1781-1814. 
Blakeman : See Blakman. 

Blakeney, Sh: Edw. : Brit, field-marsh., 1778-1868. 
Blakeney, Rich. Paul : Canon of York, 1820-1884. 
Blakeney, Wm., Lord Blakeneyl: British general and 

Governor ol Minorca, 1672-1761. 
Blakesley, Jos. Williams : English div., 1808-1885. 
Blakeway, Jno. Brickdale : Eng. topog., 1766-1826. 
Blakey, Mch. : Irish designer and engrav., fl. 1753. 
Blakey, Rob. : Eng. logician and metaph., 1795-1873. 
Blakiston, Jno. : EngUsh regicide, 1603-1649. 
Blaklston, Jno. : English soldier, 1785-1867. 
Blakiston, Thos. Wright : English explorer and 

ornithologist, 1832-1891. 
Blakman, Jno. : English biographer, fl. 1436-1448. 
Blakman, W. : Australian cricketer, 1862-1885. 
Blamiie, Susannah, ' The Muse of Cumberland ' : 

English poet, 1747-1794. 
Blamlre, Wm. • Eng. tithe conuulss., 1790-1862. 
Blamires, E. : English cricketer, 1850-1866. 
Blamont, FranQ. Collin de : French musician and 

composer, 1690-1760. 
Blamplni, Thos. : ed. ol St. Augustme, 1640-1710. 
Blanc : See also Le Blano. 
Blanc, Baron : Italian statesman, -1904. 
Blano, Ant. : R.O. Archbishop of New Orleans, 

1792-1860. 
Blano, Franp. le : French medallist, -1698. 
Blanc, Sir Hy. Jules : Anglo-Indian surgeon, traveller, 

medical writer and v?riter on Abyssinia ; settled 

In France, 1831-1911. 
Blanc, Jean Bern, le : French litterateur and historio- 
grapher, ' Letters on the English Nation,' 1707-81. 
Blano, Louis la : surgeon and llthotomist at Orleans, 

fl. 1770. 
Blano, Louis : French pol. and hist., 1811-1882. 
Blanc, Louis Ammy : German pntr., 1810-1885. 
Blano, Thos. le : French Jesuit, 1599-1669. 
Blanc, Vhic. le : French traveller, 1554-1640. 
Blanc de GuUlet, Ant. le ; French wr., 1730-1799. 



64 



BLANCARDUS 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY BLENNERHASSETT 



Blancardas : See Blankaerts. 
Blancas, Oeronymo de : Spanish hist., -1590. 
Blance, Pierre : French politician, 1806-1896. 
Blanohard, Alb. Gallatin : Amer. brig.-gen., 1810-91. 
Blanchard, £dw. Litt Lanmn : English miscellaneous 

writer, 1820-1889. 
Blanehard, BUe : French archaeologist, 1672-1756. 
Blanciiard, Fran^. : French jurist, -1650. 
Blanchaid, 6uil. : French advocate, -1724. 
Blanchard, Hen. Pierre L^on Fharamond : French 

historical and landscape painter, 1805-1873. 
Blanoiiaid, Jacques, ' French Titian ' ; painter, 

1600-1638. 
Blanchard, Jean Bapt. : French writer, 1731-1797. 
Blanchard, Jean Pierre (Fran^.) ; French aeronaut, 

1738(53)-1809. 
Blanchard, Jos. : American soldier, 1704-1758. 
Blanchard,Josh.P.: Amer. peace-advocate, 1782-1868. 
Blanchard, Jotham : Nova Scotian journ., 1800-40. 
Blancbard, Justus Wardwell : American brigadier- 
general, 1811-1877. 
Blanchard, Marie Madeleine : French aeronaut, 

1778-1819. 
Blanchard, Sam. Laman : English periodical writer, 

1804-1846. 
Blanchard, Thos. : American inventor, 1788-1864. 
Blanchard, Wm. ; English comedian, 1769-1835. 
Blanchard, Wm. Isaac: Eng. stenopapher, -1796. 
Blanche, Queen of Navarre : married Martin, King 

of SicUy, -1441. 
Blanche, of Artois : Queen of Henry I., King of 

Navarre, -1300*. 
Blanche de Bourbon : wife of Peter the Cruel, of 

Castile, 1338»-1361. 
Blanche, of Castile : Queen of Louis Vm. of France, 

1188-1252. 
Blanche, of Navarre ; married Henry, Prince of 

Blanchelande, P. F. R. de : Fr. col. gov., 1735-1793. 
Blanchet, Aug. M. Alex. : Eoman Catholic bishop in 

Canada, 1797- 
Blanchet, Franf . AbbS : French writer, 1707-1784. 
Blanchet, Fes. Norbert : Roman Catholic arch- 
bishop in Canada, 1795-1883. 
Blanchet, Thos. ; French historical and portrait 

painter and sculptor, 1617-1689. 
Blanckarts, Moritz : Germ. hist, pntr., 1839-1883. 
Blanckhof : See Blankof. 

Blanco, Ant. Guzman : Pres. of Venezuela, 1829-99. 
Blanco, Nuilez Vela : Span. Vic. of Peru, fl. 1543. 
Blanco, Ramon, Marq. de Pena Plata : Spanish 

general and colonial governor, 1831-1906. 
Bland, Eliz. : English Hebraist, fl. 1681-1712. 
Bland, Humph. : Eng. military com., 1686*-1763. 
Bland, Jno.; English Marian martyr. -1555. 
Bland, Jno. : Eng. writing master, 1702-1750. 
Bland, Jno. ; English dramatist, -1788. 
Bland, Jno. : English music seller and publisher. 

fl. 1779-1791. 
Bland, Maria Theresa {nte Eomanzini) : English 

vocalist, 1769-1838. 
Bland, Miles, F.B.S. : Bug. mathem., 1786-1867. 
Bland, Nath. : Eng. Persian scholar, 1803-1865. 
Bland, Rich. : American statesman, 1710-1776. 
Bland, Rich. Parks : Amer. statesman, 1834-1899. 
Bland, Rob., ' The Elder ' : Eng. physn., 1730-1816. 
Bland, Rob., ' The Younger ' : English poet and 

classical editor, 1779*-1825. 
Bland, Theodoric : American soldier, 1742-1790. 
Bland, Tobias : English divine, 1563*-1604. 
Bland, Wm. : Scot.-Austral. statesman, 1789-1868. 
Blandford, Geo. Fielding : English physician and 

medical writer, 1829-1911. 
Blandford, Walter : Bishop of Worcester, 1619-1675. 
Blandie (Blandy), Wm. : English author, fl. 1580. 
Blandin, Phil. FrM. : French anatomist, 1798-1849. 
Blandrata, Giorgio : Itahan physician and Arian 

writer, 1515*-1588. 
Blandy, Mary : English murderess, -1752. 
Blane, Sk Gilb., F.B.S. : Scottish physician and 

author, 1749-1834. 
Blanelorde, Hy. : monk of St. Albans and chronicler, 

fl. 1330. 
Blaney, Thos. : Anglo-Indian physician and philan- 
thropist, 1823-1903. 
Blantord, Hy. Fes. : English meteorologist and 
geologist, 1834-1893. 



65 



Blanlord, Wm. Thos.: English geologist and zoologist , 

1832-1905. 
Blangini, Giuseppe Marco Maria Felice : Italian 

singer and musical composer, 1781-1841 . 
Blankaerts (Blancardus), Nlc. : Dutch philologist. 

1625-1703. 
Blankaerts, Stephan : Dutch physician, 1650-1702. 
Blanken, Jan : Dutch engineer, 1755- 
Blankett, Jno. : British admiral, -1801. 
Blankof or Blankerhof, Jan Teunisz, ' Jan Maat ' ; 

Flemish marine painter, 1628-1670. 
Blanqui, Jfeflme Ad. : Fr. pol. econ., 1798-1854. 
Blanqnl, Louis Aug. : French revolutionist and 

publicist, 1805-1881. 
Blantyre, Lords ; See Stuart. 
Blanz, Jos. : German lithographer and wood carver, 

1816-1881. 
Blaquiere, Jno., Baron de Blaquire : pol., 1732-1812. 
Blaramberg, Joh. von : German-Russian general. 

traveller and geographer, 1800-1S78. 
Blaru (Blarrorivo), Pierre de : Fr. poet, 1437-1505. 
Biasco, Nuflez : Spanish adventurer, 1490- 
Blase or Blasius : saint and martyr. Bishop of Sebaste, 

-316*. 
Blass, Fried. : Germ, classical scholar, 18*43-1907. 
Blatchford, Rich. Milford : Amer. lawyer, 1798-1875. 
Blatchtord, Sam. : American jurist, 1820-1893. 
Blathwayt, Wm. : English politician, 1849»-1717. 
Blau, Ernst Otto Fried. Herm. : German Orientalist 

and traveller, 1828-1879. 
Blanl, Fried. : Germ, poet and writer, 1809-1863. 
Blaurer, Ambr. : Lutheran divine in France and 

Germany, 1492-1568. 
Blauwaert, Emil : Belgian vocalist, 1845-1891. 
Blavatsky, Mme : See Habn, Helena Petrovna. 
Blavet, Emile Raymond : French novelist and 

journalist, -1910. 
Blaydes, Fred. Hy. Marvell : English classical 

scholar, 1818-1908. 
Blayney, And. Thos., Ld. Blaney : soldier, 1770-1834. 
Blayney, Ben, : Bug. Hebrew critic, 1728-1801. 
Blaze, Franc. Hen. Jos. : French writer on music 

and the drama, 1784-1857. 
Blaze de Bury, Baron Hen. : French miscellaneous 

writer, 1813-1888. 
Blaze de Bury, Marie Pauline Rose (nfo Stuart) : 

Eng.-Pr. trans, andmiscell. writer, 1813-1894. 
Blechen, Karl Eduard Ferd. : German landscape 

painter, 1798-1840. 
Bleda : King of Huns, -444. 
Bledri, ' Ddoeth," Bishop of Llandafl: scholar and 

patron of learning, -1022*. 
Bledsoe, Alb. Taylor : Amer. educationist, 1809-77. 
Bledsoe, Jesse : American senator, 1776-1837. 
Bleeok, Arth. Hy. : Eng, Orientalist, 1827*-1877. 
Bleeck, Pet. van : Dutch painter, 1700*-1764. 
Bleecker, Ann Eliza, : American poetess, 1752-1783. 
Bleecker, Ant. : American author, 1770-1827. 
Bleecker, Harmanus : Amer, lawyer, 1779-1849, 
Bleecker, Rich. Wade : Amer. art patron, 1821-1875. 
Bleek, Fried. : Germ. Biblical scholar, 1793-1859, 
Bleek, Wilh. Hein. Imm. : German-South-Afriean 

philologist, 1827-1875. 
Blefken, Dithmar : German explorer, fl. 1563-1608. 
Bleghorough, Ralph : Eng. physician. 1 789-1827. 
Blegny, Nic. de : French medical writer, 1652-1722 
Bleihtreu, Geo. : German painter, 1828-1892. 
Bleicher : French scientist, -1901. 
Bleiswiok, Pet. van : Grand Pensionary of Holland 

1724-1790. 
Blemonidas : See NIcephorus. 
Blenac, Chas. de : Fr. colonial governor, fl, 1712-36 
Blencow (BImcow), Jno. ; Eng. divine, fl. 1640 
Blencowe, Sir Jno, : English judge, 1642-1726. 
BIcnoowe, Wm. : English decipherer, 1683-1712 
Bienerhasset, Thos. : Eng. poet and wr., 1550*-1625». 
Blenker, Lonis : Amer. federal brig.-gen,, 1812-1863.* 
Blenklnsop, Jno. : English engmeer and inventor 

of locomotive, 1783-1831. 
Blenkiron, Wm. : English breeder of racehorses 

1807*-1871. 
Blennerhasset, Adeline Agnew : American linguist 

and poetess, 1796-1842. 
Blennerhasset, Harman : Irish-American lawver 

and politician, 1765-183]. 
Blennerhassett, Sir Arth. Chas. Fes. Bern Anglo- 
Indian administrator, 1871-1915. 



BLENNERHASSETT DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BLOXAM 



Btennerhassett, Sir Rowland : Irish political writer 

and politician, 1839-1909. 
Bles, Dav. : Dutch painter, 1S21-1S99. 
Bles, Hend. : Dutch religious painter, 1480*-1550*. 
Blessington, Margaret Power, Countess of : Irish 

authoress, 1789-1849. 
Blethyn, Wm. : Bishop o£ Llandaff, -1590. 
Bletterie, Jean Phil. Een^ de la : French abb6 and 

historical writer, 1696-1772. 
Blew, Wm. Jno. : Eng. liturgiologist, 1808-1894. 
Blewitt, Jonas : English organist, -1805. 
Blewitt, Jon. : Eng. mus. comp., 1780*-1853. 
Blewitt, Octavian ; Eng. sec. of Iloy.Llt.Fund,1810-84. 
Blieke, Sir Chas. : English surgeon 1745-1815. 
Bligh or Blighe, Edw. : Brit, gen., 1685-1775. 
Bligh, Sir Jno. Dune, : Brit, diplom., 1798-1872. 
Bligh, Rich. : EnglLsh lawyer, 1780-1838*. 
Bligh, Sir Rich. Rodney : Brit, adm., 1737-1821. 
Bligh, Wm. : British admiral and captain of the 

' Bounty,' 1754-1817. 
Blight, Wm. : Brit, naval captain, 1785-1862. 
Blind, Mathilde ; Anglo-German poete-ss, 1841-96. 
Blind, Karl : German-English political refugee and 

miscellaneous writer, 1826-1907. 
Blioul, Jean du : Flem. eccles. and wr., fl. 1600*. 
Bliss, Corn. Newton : American statesman and 

merchant, 1833-1911. 
Bliss, Dan. : Canadian jurist, 1740-1806. 
Bliss, Geo. : American lawyer, 1793-1873. 
Bliss, Jno. Murray : Canadian jurist, 1771-1834, 
Bliss, Jon. : Canadian jurist, 1742-1822. 
Bliss, Nath., F.R.S. : Eng. Astron.-Royal, 1700-64. 
Bliss, Phil. : Eng. antiq. and bibliog., 1787-1857. 
Bliss, Phil. Paul : Amer. singing evangelist, 1838-76. 
Bliss, Porter Corn. : American journalist. 1838-85. 
Bliss, Wm. Wallace Smith : Amer. sold., 1816-53. 
Blith, Walter : English agricultural writer, fl. 1649. 
Blitheman (Blytheman), Wm. : Eng. org., 1664-91. 
Blizard, Thos. : English surgeon, 1772-1838. 
Blizard, Sir Wm., F.R.S. : English surgeon and 

anatomist, 1743-1835. 
Bloch, Chas. Hy. : Danish painter, 1834-1890. 
Bloch, Jean de : Russian peace advocate and political 

economist, 1836-1901. 
Bloch, Mark Eliezer : German naturalist, 1723*-99. 
Bloch, Niels H. S. : Danish philologist, 1802-1829. 
Bloeh, Otto Diderik : Dan. philologist, -1830. 
Bloeh, Soren Niels Joh. ; Dan. philol., 1772-aft. 1845. 
Blochmann, Hy. Ferd. : Anglo- Germ. Orlent.,1838-78 
Block (Blok), Adxiaen : Dutch navigator, fl. 1614. 
Block, Ben. : Pomeranian port, pntr., 1631- 
Bloek, Dan. : Pomeranian port, pntr., 1580-1661. 
Block, Jan : Belgian dramatist, 1850-1912. 
Block, Joanna Koerten ; Dutch pntr., 1650-1715. 
Block, Maurice : Germ.-Fr. statistician, 1816-1901 . 
Blockland, Antonio van (or Montfoort) ; Dutch 

painter, 1532-1683. 
Blodget, Sam. : American inventor, 1724-1807. 
Blodgett, Foster : American politician, 1826-1877. 
Bloede, Marie; German authoress in Amer., 1821-70. 
Bloemaert, Abr. : Dutch pntr. and engrav., 1564-1651. 
Bloemaert, Corn. : Dutch engraver, 1603-1680. 
Bloemen, Jan Frans van (Orizonte) : Dutch landscape 

painter, 1662-1740. 
Bloemen, Norbert van : Dutch painter, 1672-1746. 
Bloemen, Pieter van (Standaart) : Dutch painter, 

1657-1719. 
Bloet (Bluet, Bloett), Rob. : Bishop of Lincoln and 

chancellor. -1 123. 

Blois : See Blosius and Peter. 
Blomberg, Wm. Nich. : English biographer, 1702*-60. 
Blome, Rich. : Eng. publisher and compiler, -1705 . 
Blomefleld, Fes. : Eng. topog. of Norfolk, 1705-1752. 
Blomelleld, Leonard : English naturalist, 1800-1893. 
Blomefleld, Miles : English alchemist, 1525-1674*. 
Blomelleld, Sir Thos. : Brit. gen. of R.A., 1744-1822. 
Blomlleld, Alf. : Bishop of Colchester, -1894. 
BlomSeld, Sir Arth. Wm. : Eng. archt., 1829-1899. 
BlomHeia, Chas. Jas. : Bp. of London, 1786-1867. 
Blomlleld, Edw. Valentine : English grammarian 

and Hellenist, 1788-1816. 
BlomHeld, Bzekiel : Eng. compiler, 1778-1818. 
Blommaeit, Sam. : Dutch col. patroon, 1590*-1670*. 
Blond, Christopher le : See Le Blond. 
Blond, Gull, le : Fr. mathematician, 1704-1781. 
Blond, Jacques Christophe le : French miniature 

painter, 1670-1741. 



Blondel (Blondlaux) : French minstrel, fl. 1193. 
Blondel, Dav. : Fr. Protestant writer, 1591-1655. 
Blondel, Frang. : Flem. med. wr. at Paris, 1613-82. 
Blondel, Franp. : French diplomatist, military 

engineer and architect, 1617-1686. 
Blondel, Jacques Franj. : Fr. archt., 1706-1774. 
Blondel, Jas. Aug. : Fr. physn. in Eng., -1734. 
Blondel, Merry Jos. : Fr. hist, pntr., 1781-1853. 
Blondel, Pierre Jacques : French divine and author, 

1674-1730. 
Blondel, Rachel Elolse : Fr.-Eng. poetess, 1814-1902. 
Blondiaux : See Blondel. 
Blondin, M. : See Gravelet, Jean Fran?. 
Blondln, Pierre ; French botanist, 1682-1713. 
Blondus (Biondo), Flavins : Ital. antiq., 1388-1463. 
Blondus (Biondi), Michel Angelo : Italian medical 

writer, 1497-1660*. 
Blood, Holcroft : British general, 1660*-1707. 
Blood, Thos., Col. : Eng. adventurer, 1618*-16S0. 
Bloodgood, Simeon de Witt ; American merchant and 

author, 1799-1866. 
Bloodworth, Tim. : Amer. statesman, 1736-1814. 
Bloomer, Amelia Jenks (nie Jenks) : American social 

worker, philanthropist, writer and advocate of 

' Bloomer ' costume, 1818-1894. 
Bloomers, R. J. : Dutch painter, 1845-1914. 
BloomSeld, Ben., Baron : Brit. mil. com., 1768-1846. 
Bloomfleld, Georgiana, Lady (nfo Liddell) : English 

author, 1822-1906. 
Bloomfleld, Jno. Arth. Douglas, Baron : British 

diplomatist, 1802-1879. 
Bloomfleld, Rob. : Eng. pastoral poet, 1766-1823. 
Bloomfleld, Sam. Thos. : Canon of Peterborough, 

1784*-1869. 
Bloor, Jos. : English ceramist, -1846. 
Bloor, Rob. : English ceramist, -1846. 
Bloot, Pet. : Flemish painter, -1667. 
Blooteling, Abr. : Dutch engraver, 1634-1698. 
Blore, Edw., F.R.S. : English architect and artist, 

1787-1879. 
Blore, Rob. : Eng. porcelain figure manuf., -1866*. 
Blore, Thos. : English topographer, 1764-1818. 
Blosius (De Blois), Frang. Louis : French Bene- 
dictine and mystical writer, 1506-1566. 
Blossom, Thos. : American pioneer, -1633. 
Blot, Pierre : French cook in America, 1818*-1874. 
Blotellng, Abr. : Dutch engraver, 1634-after 1690. 
Blouet, Lfen Paul, ' Max O'Eell ' : French-English 

humorous writer and lecturer, 1843-1903. 
Blount, Chas., 5th Lord Mountjoy : patron of 

learning, -1545. 
Blount, Chas., Earl of Devon and 8th Lord Mountjoy 

military commander, 1563-1606. 
Blount, Chas. : Eng, deistical writer, 1654-1693. 
Blount, Sir Christopher : Eng. soldier, 1665*-1601. 
Blount (Blunt), Edw. : English stationer and trana- 

lator, 1565*- 
Blount, Su: Edw. Chas. ; Anglo-Fr. flnanc, 1809-1905. 
Blount, Sir Hy. : Eng. traveller and writer, 1602-82. 
Blount, Martha : friend of Pope, 1690-1762. 
Blount, Mountjoy : Lord Mountjoy and Earl of 

Newport, 1697*-1666. 
Blount, Rich. : English Jesuit, 1565-1638. 
Blount, Sir Thos. : supporter ol Richard II., -1400. 
Blount (Blunt), Thos. : English colonel, fl. 1668. 
Blount, Thos. : Eng. miscell. wr. and antiq., 1618-79. 
Blount, Thos. : Amer. maj.-gen. and pol., 1760-1812. 
Blount, Sir Thos. Pope : Eng. pol. and author,1649-97. 
Blount, Sir Walter : English soldier and supporter 

of John of Gaunt, -1403. 
Blount, Walter, Ist Baron Mountjoy: Lord High 

Treasurer of England, -1474. 
Blount, Wm., 4th Baron Mountjoy : statesman and 

patron of learning, -1534. 
Blount, Wm. : American statesman, 1749-1800. 
Blount, Willie : Governor of Tennessee, 1767-1805. 
Blow, Hy. T. : American statesman, 1817-1875. 
Blow, Jas. : Scottish printer, -1769. 
Blow, Jno. : Eng. musical composer, 1648-1708. 
Blower, Sam. : Eng. Nonconf. divine, -1701. 
Blowers, Sampson Salters : Chief Justice of Nova 

Scotia, 1742-1842. 
Blowitz, Hen. Geo. Stephan Ad. de : Bohemian- 
English journalist, 1825-1903. 
Bloxam, And. : English naturalist, 1801-1878. 
Bloxam, Jno. Rouse : historian of Magdalen College, 

1807-1891. 



66 



BLOXAM 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BODAEUS 



Bloxam, Matthew Holbeche : Eng. antiq., 1805-1888. 

Bloxham, Jno. : English Carmelite, -1334*. 

Bloxham, Jno. : Warden of Merton College, Oxford, 
-1387. 

Biiicber, Gebhard Leberecht von : Prussian field- 
marshal, 1742-1819. 

Bluhme (Blume), Fried. : German professor of law, 
1797-1874. 

Blum, Hans : Germ, pol., journ. and hist., 1840-1910. 

Blum, Joach. Christ. : German poet, 1739-1790. 

Blum, Karl Ludw. : Germ. prof, of history, 1796-1869. 

Blum, Keinhard Joh. : Germ, mineralogist, 1802-83. 

Blum, Eob. : Austrian publicist, 1807-1848. 

Blum, Bob. Fred. : American artist, 1867-1903. 

Blumauer, Aloys : Germ, poet and satirist, 1756-98. 

Blume : See also Bluhme. 

Blume, Wilh. Herm. : Germ, philologist, J.795-1869. 

Blumenan, Herm. Bruno Otto : German colonist 
in South America, 1819-1899. 

Blumenbach, Joh. Fried. : German physiologist 
and anthropologist, 1752-1840. 

Blumencom, Leopold von : Austrian soldier, 
musician, diplomatist and journalist, 1802-1899. 

Blumenreich, Franziska, * Frau von KapfE-Essenther ' : 
German novelist, 1849-1899. 

Blumenthal, Jacques (Jacob) : German-English 
musician, composer and song writer, 1829-1908. 

Blumenthal, Xeonhard, Count von : German field- 
marshal, 1810-1900. 

Blumer, Joh. Jac. : Swiss jurist and hist., 1819-1875. 

Blumhardt, Joh. Christoph : Germ, div., 1805-1880. 

Bliimner, Hein. : German philologist, 1765-1839. 

Blund (Blunt), Jno. le : Chanc. of York, -1248. 

Blundell, Hy. : English art collector, 1724-1810. 

Blundell, Jas. : English physician, 1790-1877. 

Blundell, Pet. : Eng. merchant and benet., 1520-1601. 

Blundell, "Wm. ; English Royalist ofBcer and topog- 
rapher, 1620-1698. 

Blundell. Wm. : English physiologist, 1790-1878. 

BlundeviU, Bandulph de, Earl of Chester : warrior 
and statesman, -1232. 

BlnndeviUe (Blunvllle), Thos. de : Bishop of Norwich, 
-1236. 

Blundeville, Thos. : English writer on equestrian- 
ism and miscellaneous writer, fl. 1561-1602. 

Blunt : See also Blount. 

Blunt, Edm. : American hydrographer, 1799-1866. 

Blunt, Edm. March : American author, 1770-1862. 

Blunt. Geo. W. : American hydrographer, 1802-1878. 

Blunt, Hy., of Chelsea : Eng. divine, 1794-1843. 

Blunt, Jas. G. : American major-general, 1826-1831. 

Blunt, Jno. le : See Blund. 

Blunt, Jno. Hy. ; English ecclesiastical historian and 
theological writer, 1823-1884. 

Blunt, Jno. Jas. : Eng. hist. wr. and div., 1794-1855. 

Blunt, Jos. : Amer. lawyer and editor, 1792-1860. 

Bluntschli, Joh. Kaspar : Swiss-German jurist, 
historian and politician, 1808-1881. 

Bluteau, Baph. : Fr. lexicog. in Portugal, 1638-1734. 

Blyke, Rich., r.B,.S. : Eng. antiquary, -1775. 

Blysse, Jno. : Eng. astron. and physician, -1530. 

Blyth, Sk Arth. : English Premier of South 
Australia, 1823-1891. 

Blyth, Geo. Fes. Popham : Anglican bishop in 
Jerusalem, 1832-1914. 

Blyth, Neville : Australian politician, 1828-1890. 

Blyth, Thos. Allen ; English divine and miscellaneous 
writer, 1844-1913. 

Blythe, Edw. : English zoologist, 1810-1873. 

Blythe, Geoffrey : Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry, 
-1530. 

Blythe, Geoffrey : English divine, -1542. 

Blythe, Jas. : American divine, 1765-1842. 

Blythe, Jno. : Bishop of Salisbury, -1499. 

Blythe, Jno. Dean : Eng. journ. and pol., 1842-1869. 

Blythe, Sam. : British naval captain, 1784-1814. 

Blythswood, Baron : See Campbell, Sir Arch. 

Boatdil, ' The Little ' : last Sultan of Granada, 
-1493*. 

Boaden, Jas. : Eng. dram., critic and blog., 1762-1839. 

Boaden, Jno. : English portrait painter, -1839. 

Boadicea : British Queen, -62. 

Boag, Jno. ; English compiler of the Imperial Lexi- 
con, 1775-1863. 

Boardman (Bordman, Bourdman, Bourman), And. . 
English divine, 1550*-1639. 

Boardman, Dav. Sherin.in : Amer, lawyer, 1768-1864. 



Boardman, Elijah : American senator, 1760-1823. 

Boardman, Geo. Dana ; American missionary to 
Burmah, 1801-1831. 

Boardman, Hy. Aug. : American divine and author, 
1808-1880. 

Boarman, Chas. ; Amer. rear-admiral, -1879. 

Boase, Chas. Wm. : English historian, 1828-1895. 

Boase, Geo. Clem. : Eng. bibliographer, 1829-1897. 

Boase, Hy. : English banker and author, 1763-1827. 

Boase, Hy. Sam., F.E.S. : Eng. geologist, 1799-1883. 

Boast, Jno. : See Boste. 

Boate (de Boot, Bootius, Botius), Arn. -. Dutch 
Hebraist in Ireland, 1600*-1653*. 

Boate (de Boot, Bootius, Botius), Ger. : Dutch 
physician in England, 1604-1650. 

Bobadills, Franc. : Spanish official In St. Domingo, 
-1502. 

BobadlUa, Geronimo de : Span. hist, pntr., 1620-80. 

Bobart (Bobert), Jac., * The Elder ' : German botan- 
ist at Oxford, 1599-1680. 

Bobart, Jac, ' The Younger ' • English botanist at 
Oxford, 1641-1719. 

Bobbin, Tim. : See Ck)llier, Jno. 

Bobrof, Simon Sergeievlch : Russian poet, -1810. 

Bocage, Man. Maria Barbosa de : Portuguese poet, 
1765-1805. 

Bocanegra, Pedro Atanasio : Span, painter, 1638-88. 

Bocca di Ferro, Geronimo : Italian jurist, 1522-1623. 

Bocca di Ferro, Luigi : Italian physician, 1482-1645. 

Boccabadati, Luigia : Italian vocalist, -1850. 

Boccaccino, Boccacio : Italian painter, 1460-1525. 

Boccaccino, Camillo ; Italian painter, 1511-1546. 

Boecaclo (Bocatius), Giov, ; Italian poet and 
humanist, 1313-1375. 

Boccage, Marie Anne Lepage du : French poetess, 
1710-1802. 

Boccallni, Traiano : Italian satirist, 1556-1613. 

Boccamazza, Angelo ; Bishop of Catania, -1296. 

Boccanera, Batt. : Doge of Venice, -1401. 

Boccanera, Gins. : Italian philologist, -1818. 

Boccanera, Simone : Ist Doge of Genoa, -1363. 

Boccherlni, Luigl : Italian composer of instru- 
mental music, 1743-1805. 

Boochi, AchUle : Italian Hellenist, 1488-1562. 

Bocchorls : King of Egypt, fl. B.C. 812. 

Bocchus : King of Mauritania, fi. B.C. 106. 

Bocciardo, Clem.,' Clementone ' : Ital.pntr.,1620-1658. 

Boccold (Bockholdt, Beukels) : See John of Leyden. 

Boccone, Paolo Sylvia : Ital. naturalist, 1633-1704. 

Bocfeld, Adam : Eng. Franciscan writer, fi. 1530. 

Booh (Bochlus),'Jean, ' The Belglc Vu-gil,' 1555-1609. 

Bochart, Sam. : Fr. Orientalist and divine, 1599-1667. 

Bochat, Karl Wilh. Loys von : Swiss Controller- 
General, 1695-1754. 

Bochel (Bouchel), Laur. : French writer in law and 
historian, 1559-1629. 

Bocher (Boucher, Butcher), Joan, * Joan of Kent ' ■- 
EngUsh Anabaptist martyr, -1550. 

Bocholtz-Asseburg, Johannes Bernhard, Count : 
Austrian historian, 1833-1898. 

Bochsa, Rob. Nic. (^as. : French musician and com- 
poser, 1789-1856. 

Bock : See also Tragus. 

Bock, Eberhardt Otto Geo. von : Hanoverian major- 
general in England, -1814. 

Book, Eduard : German scholar, 1816-1893. 

Bock or Le Boucq, Jerome : Germ, nat., 1498-1554. 

Bockelzoon : See Buckholdt. 

Bockhorst, Jan van, ' Langhen Jan ' : Flemish 
painter, 1610-1668. 

Bockhorst, Joh. van : Dutch painter in London, 1661- 
1724. 

Booking, Adolf : Germ.- Amer. naturalist, -1898. 

Booking, Bduard : Germ, professor of law, 1802-1870 

Booking, Edw. : Eng. Benedictine monk, -1534. 

Booking, Ralph • Eng. Dominican monk, -1270. 

Booklet, Carl Maria von : Bohem. pianist, 1801-1881. 

Bookman, R. ; Flemish painter and engraver in 
England, fi. 1750. 

Bookshorn, Sam. : Germ, music, and comp., 1629-66. 

Bockskay, Steph.: Prince of Transylvania, 1557-1606. 

Booland, Geof. de : English justice, fi. 1195-1224 

Booland (Buckland), Hugh de : Sheriff of Berkshire. 
-1119*. ' 

Bocquillot, Lazare And. : French divine, 1649-1728. 

Bodaeus a Stapel, Joannes ; Dutch physician and 
botanist, -1636. 



67 



BODDA 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BOHTZ 



Bodda Fyne, Louisa Fanny (,nie Fyne) : English 
vocalist, 1832-1904. 

Boddington, Hy. Jno. : Eng. lands, painter, 1811-65. 

Bode, Chilstopli Aug. : Germ. Orientalist, 1722-1796. 

Bode, Geo. Hein. : German philologist, 1802- 

Bode, Joh. Blert : German astronomer, 1747-1826. 

Bode, Joh. Joachim Chrlstoph : German musical 
composer and translator, 1730-1793. 

Bode, Jno. Ernest : English divine, 1816-1874. 

Bode, Wilh. : German pahiter, 1830-1893. 

Bodega y Quadra, Juan Franc. : South American 
navigator, -1794. 

Bodekker, Jan Ecs. : Dutch port, pntr., 1660-1727. 

Bodel, Jenan : French trouvtae, -1210*. 

Bodelschwingh, Fried, von : German social worker, 
1830-1910. 

Boden, Jos. : Anglo-Indian soldier, -1811. 

Bodenburg, Chrlstoph Fried. : German philologist, 
1678-1726. 

Bodenham, Jno. : English editor of Elizabethan 
miscellanies, ii. 1600. 

Bodenschatz, Erhard : German theologian and 
musical composer, 1570*-1638. 

Boden'stedt, Fried. Mart. : German poet, translator 
and historian, 1819-1892. 

Bodenstein, Adam : Germ. med. writer, 1528-1577. 

Bodichon, Barbara Leigh Smith : English educa- 
tionist and founder of Girton College, 1827-91. 

Bodiker, Anton : Germ. econ. and indust., 1843-1907. 

Bodin, Jean : French political writer, 1530-1596. 

Bodington, Sir Nathan : English classical scholar 
and vice-chancellor of Leeds University, 1848-1911. 

Bodinus, Karl Aug. : Germ, naturalist, 1814-1884. 

Bodlsco, Waldemar de : Russian Consul- General in 
New York, -1878. 

Bodkin, Sk Wm. Hy. : Eng. legal writer, 1791-1874. 

Bodley, Geo. Fred., R.A. : Eng. architect, 1827-1907. 

Bodley, Sir Josias : English soldier and military 
engineer, 1650*-1618. 

Bodley, Laur. ; Canon of Exeter, -1615. 

Bodley, Sir Thos. : English diplomatist, scholar and 
founder of library at Oxford, 1545-1613. 

Bodmer, Joh, Jac. : Swiss-German poet, 1698-1783. 

Bodmer, Karl : Amer. animal painter, 1805- 

Bodoni, Giambattista : Italian printer, 1740-1813. 

Bodson, Jos. : French engraver, 1768- 

Body, Geo. : Eng. div. and rel. writer, 1840-1911. 

Boece (Boethiiis or Boyce), Hector : Scottish his- 
torian, 1465*-1536». 

Boeckel, Dagobert E. F. : Germ, philologist, 1816- 

Boeckel (Bockelius), Joh. : medical writer at Ham- 
burg, 1535-1605. 

Boeckta, Phil. Aug. : German Hellenist and anti- 
quary, 1785-1867. 

Boeckh, Kich. : German statistician, 1825-1907. 

Boecklin, Am. : Swiss painter, 1827-1901. 

Boeder, Joh. Hein : German philologist, 1611-1692. 

Boehler, Pet. : Morav. bp. in America, 1712-1775. 

Boehm : See also Behmen and BShme. 

Boehm, Ant. Wm. : German chaplain at St. 
James's, 1673-1722. 

Boehm, Geo. ; Germ. org. and mus. comp., 1661-1739. 

Boehm, Hy. ; American divine and diarist, 1775-1875. 

Boehm, Boehme or Boehmen, Jac. : German mystical 
writer, 1575-1624. 

Boehm, Sir Jos. Edgar, E.A. : Austrian-English 
sculptor, 1834-1890, 

Boehm, Jos. : Himgarian violinist and musical com- 
poser, 1796-1876. 

Boehm, Jos. : Austrian botanist, 1831-1893. 

Boehm, Theobald : German musician and composer, 
1794-1881. 

Boehme : See also Bdhme. 

Boehme(Bohemus), Joh. : German poet, 1599-1676. 

Boehme, Joh. Gottlob : Germ. prof, of hist., 1717-80. 

Boehmer : See also BShmer, 

Boehmer, Justus Henning : German professor of law, 
1674-1749. 

Boehmer, Phil. Ad. : Germ, anatomist, 1717-1789. 

Eoehtlingk, Otto von : Germ. Orient., 1815-1904. 

Boekler, Joh. Hein. : Germ, philologist, 1610-1672. 

Boel, Pet. ; Dutch pahiter, 1622-1674. 

Boelmann, L6on : Fr. mus. comp. and org., 1862-97. 

Boerhaave, Abr. Kaan : Dutch medical writer at 
Petersburg, 1715-1753. 

Boerhaave, Herm., F.R.S. : Dutch physician and 
scientist, 1668-1738. 



Boerne (Barne) Karl Ludw. : German political 

writer and satirist, 1786-1837. 
Boerner, Christ. Fried. : German Hellenist and 

theologian, 1683-1753. 
Boernstein, Hein. : Germ, operatic man., 1805- 
Boerum, Simon : American patriot, 1724-1775. 
Boesset, Pierre Gu^dron Ant., Sieur de Villedieu : 

French musician, 1B85*-1643. 
Boethlus, Anlcius Manlius Severinus : Roman 

philosopher and statesman, 480*-624. 
Boethns : Carthaginian sculp., B.o. 2nd century. 
Boitle, Etienne de la : Fr. Repub. writer, 1530-1663. 
Boetius (Boot), Gerhard : Dutch physn., 1604-1653. 
Boettoher, Joh. Fried. : German alchemist and porce- 
lain-maker, 1682-1719. 
Boettger, Rudolf Christ. : German chemist and physi- 
cist, 1806-1881. 
Boetticher, Joh. Fried. Wilh. : German philologist, 

1798-1860. 
BOettlgcr, Karl. Aug. : German archaol., 1760-1835. 
Boflrand, Germain : French arcliitect, 1667-1764. 
Began, Zachary : Eng. div. and antiq., 1626-1639. 
Bogaerde or Bogaerts, van den : See Pomerio. 
Bogaert, Mart, van den, ' Desjardins ' : Dutch 

sculptor, 1640*-1694. 
Bogardus, Everardus ; American divine, -1647. 
Bogardus, Jas. : American inventor, 1800-1874. 
Bogardus, Rob. : American lawyer, 1771-1841. 
Bogart, Eliz. : American poetess, 1806*- 
Bogart, Wm. Hy. : American author, 1810-1888. 
Bogatzky, Carl Hein. von : German theologian and 

hymn writer, 1690-1774. 
Bogdani (Bogdane), Jas. ; H\mgarian still-life 

painter, -1720. 
Bogdanovicz, Ippolyt Fedorowicz ; Russian scholar 

and diplomatist, 1743-1803. 
Bogerman, Jan : Dutch theologian, 1576-1637. 
Boggs, Chas. Stuart : Amer. rear-admiral, 1810-88. 
Boggs, L. W. : American pioneer, 1798-1861. 
Bogle, Geo. : Scottish diplomatist, 1746-1781. 
Bogle, Jas. ; Amer. portrait painter, 1817-1873. 
BSgner, Alf. : French Prote8tantpreacher,1851-1912. 
BogoliepoB, Mich. Paulovitch : Russian statesman, 

1846-1901. 
Bogoris : King of the Bulgarians, -post 890. 
Bogue, Dav. : Eng. Nonconf. divine, 1750-1825. 
Bogue.Rich. : British captam.R.A., 1783-1813. 
Boguslausky, Karl Andreas von : German soldier, 

1769-1817. 
Boguslavski, Gen. von : German general and military 

writer, 1835-1905. 
Bogy, Lew. V. ; American senator, 1813-1877. 
Bohadln : Arabian writer, 1145-1235. 
Bohemund, Mark : Prince of Antioch and Crusader, 

1058*-1111. 
Bohemund II. : Prince of Antioch, 1108-1131. 
Bohemnnd in. : Prince of Antioch, -1201. 
Bohemund IV. : Prince of Antioch, -1233. 
Bohemund v.: Prince of Antioch, -1261. 
Bohemund VI. : Prince of Antioch, 1237-1275. 
Bohemund VII. : Count of Tripoli, -1287. 
Bohemus, Mauritius : German ejected minister in 

England, fl. 1647-1662. 
Bahlau, Hugo Hein. Alb. : Germ, jurist, 1833-1887. 
Bohlen, Hy. : American general, 1810-1862. 
Bohlen, Julius. Baron von : Germ, hist., 1820-1882. 
Bohlen, Peter von ; Germ. Orientalist, 1796-1840. 
Bohler, Jno. : English botanist, 1797-1872. 
B5hme, Franz Magnus ; German folklorist and 

writer on music, 1827-1898. 
Bohmer, Joh. Fried. : German historian, 1795-1863. 
BKhmer, Hein. Wilh. Ludw.: Germ. philol..l791-1842. 
Bohn, Hein. : German physician, 1832-1888. 
Bohn, Hy. Geo. : English bookseller and publlslier, 

1796-1884. 
Bohn, Jas. Stuart Burges : Eng. bookseller, 1803-80. 
Bohn, Joh. of Lelpsic : physn. and chem., 1640-1718. 
Bohn, Karl Theodor Rich. : Germ, archt., 1849-1898. 
Bohnenberger, Joh. Gottlieb Fried. : German 

astronomer. 1765-1831. 
BBhner, Joh. Ludw. : German musician, 1787-1860. 
Bohnstedt, Ludw. : German architect, 1822-1885. 
Bohorques, Juan : Mexican Bp. of Oaxaca, -1633. 
Bohorques, Ped. : Spanish adventurer, -1667. 
Bohtorl, Alvalld : Syrian poet, 821-900*. 
Bohtz, Aug. Wilh. : German historian and man of 

letters, 1799-1880. 



68 



BOHUN 



DICTIONARY OP UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BOMABELLI 



Bohun, Bdm. ; Bng. miscell. writer, 1645-1699. 
BohuD, Hy. de, 1st Earl of Hereford : Constable of 

England, 1176-1220. 
Bohun, Humph. III. de : Bug. baron, -1187. 
Bohun, Humph. V. de : 2nd Earl of Hereford and 1st 

Earl of Essex, -1274. 

Bohun, Humph. VII. de : 3rd Earl of Hereford and 

2nd Earl of Essex, -1298. 

Bohun, Humph. VIII. de ; 4th Earl o£ Hereford and 

3rd Earl of Essex, 1276-1322. 
Bohun, Wm. de : Earl of Northampton, -1360. 
Bohusz, Xav. : Russian historian. 1746-182.5. 
Boiardo, Matt. Maria, Count of Scandia ; Italian 

poet, 1434-1494. 
Bolchot, Gull. : French sculptor, 1738-1814. 
Boie, Hein. Christ. : German writer, 1744-1806. 
Boieldleu, Fran?. Adrian : Fr. mus. comp., 1775-1834. 
Bolgne, Benolt Lebome, Ct. de : French soldier of 

fortime and adventurer in India, 1751-1830. 
Boileau, Chas. : AbbS of Eeaulieu and Court 

preacher. -1704. 
Boileau, Frank BidleyFarrer : Brit.sold., 1867-1914. 
Boileau, Jacques : Fr. eccles. historian, 1635-1716. 
Boilean, Jean Jacques : French moralist, 1649-1735. 
Boileau, Sir Jno. Peter, F.B.S. : English arehseoio- 

gist, 1794-1869. 
Boileau-De5pr§aux, Nic. ; French poet, critic and 

satirist, 1636-1711. 
Boilly, Louis Leop. : French painter, 1761-1845. 
Boindin, Nic. : Fr. atheist and archaeol., 1676-1751. 
Bois : See also Boys or Dubois, and Nemius. 
Bols, Gerard du: French historical writer, 1629-96. 
Bois, Jean du : Fr. monk, sold, and preacher, -1626. 
Bois, Jno. : Eng. translator of Bible, 1561-1644. 
Bois de la Pierre, Louise Marie du : French poet and 

historian, 1663»-1730. 
Bois-Reymond, Emil du : German physiologist and 

scientiflo writer, 1818-1898. 
Boisgelin, .Jean de Dieu R. de Cuc6 ; Archbishop of 

Aix, 1732-1804. 
Boisgelin, Louis Bruno, Ct. of : French sold., 1733-94. 
Boisgelin de Kerdu, Pierre M. L. de : French 

traveller, 1758-1816. 
Boisgobey, Fortune de : Fr. wr. of fiction, 1824-1891 . 
BoisguUbert, Pierre le Pesant, Sieur de : French 

economist, 1676-1714. 
Boisil, Saint : superior of Melrose Monastery, -664. 
Boismont : French preacher, 1715-I78B. 
Boismorand, Claude Jos. Cheron de : French writer, 

1680«-1740. 
Boisrobert, Franp. le Metel de : French poet, 

writer and wit, 1592-1662. 
Boissard, Jean Jacques : French antiquary and 

Latin poet, 1628-1602. 
Boisserfie, Sulpiz : Germ, writer on art, 1783-1854. 
Boissier, Geo. Rich. : Eng. eoolesiologist, 1791-1858. 
Boissier, Hen. : Swiss humanist, 1762"*-1835*. 
Boissier, Marie Louis Ant. Gaston : French 

classical scholar, 1823-1908. 
Boissieu, Bart. Camille de : Fr. med. wr., 1734-70. 
Boissonade de Fontarabie, Jean Franc. : French 

Hellenist, 1774-1857. 
Boissy, Jean Bapt. T. de : Fr. archaeol., 1666-1729. 
Boissy, Louis de : Fr. dramatic writer, 1694-1758. 
Boissy d'Anglas, Franc. Ant., Ct. de. : French 

statesman and writer, 1756-1828. 
Boiste, Pierre Claude Victorm : French lexico- 
grapher, 1765-1824. 
Boit, Chas. : French enamel painter in England 

-1726*. 
Boitard, Louis Pet. : French engraver and designer 

in England, fl. 1750. 
Boivin, Franc, de. Baron de Villars : French dip- 
lomatist and chronicler, -1618. 
Boivin, Lotlis : French scholar, 1649-1724. 
Boivin do Villenenve, Jean: French Greek scholar 

and poet, 166.3-1726. 
Boizot, Louis Simon ; French sculptor, 1743-1809. 
Bojardo ; See Boiardo. 

Bojesen, E. Fred. : Danish philologist, fl. 1837-1859. 
Bokelmann, Christ. Ludw. : Germ, painter, 1844-94. 
Bokenham (Bokenara), Osbem: EnzUsh poet. 

1393«-1447*. 
Boker, Geo. Hy. : American poet, dramatist and 

diplomatist, 1823-1890. 
Bokhary, Abu Abdallah Moh. : Mussulman theol- 
ogian, 810-870. 



Bokyngham (Buckingham), Jno. : Bishop of Lincoln, 

—1398 
Bol, Ferd. : butch pauiter, 1611-1681. 
Bol, Hans : Dutch painter, 1534-1583. 
Bolanger, Giov. ; Ital. historical painter, 1606-1660. 
Bolanus, Vettius : Governor of Britain, fl. 09. 
Bdlekow, Hy. Wm. Ferd. : German ironmaster in 

England, 1806-1878. 
Bold, Hy. : English poetical writer, 1627-1683. 
Bold, Sam. : English controversialist, 1649-1737. 
Bolden, Edm. : Master of Jesus Coll., Camh,, 1608-79. 
Bolden, Sam. Edw. : English shorthorn breeder, 

1812-1880. 
Boldrewood, Rolf : See Browne, Thos. Alex. 
Boleslas I., ' The Cruel ' : Kg. of Bohemia, -967. 
Boleslas II., ' The Pious ' : Kg. of Bohemia, -999, 
Boleslas I., ' The Great ' : Ist King of Poland, 

-1025. 
Boleslas II.. ' The Bold ' : Kg. of Poland, 1039-1081. 
Boleslas III., ' Krzywousty ' : Kin? of Poland, 

1086-1139. 
Boleslas IV., ' Crispus ' : Dk. of Poland, -1173. 
Boleslas V., ' The Chaste ' : Dk. of Poland, 1219-79. 
Boleyn, Anne : See Anne. 

Boleyn, George, Ld. Rochford : poet, wr., -1536. 
Boleyn, Geo. : Dean of Lichfield, -1603. 
Boleyn, Sir Thos,, Earl of Wiltsliire : diplomatist, 

1477-1539. 
Bolgiano, Karl : German jurist, 1816-1897. 
Bolhius, Jan Hugo van : Dutch philol., 1805-1844. 
BoUngbroke, Earl of : See St. John, Oliver. 
Bolingbroke, Viscount : See St. John. 
Bolingbroke, Hy. : English traveller and writer on 

Demerara, 1785-1856. 
Bolivar, Greg. : Spanish missionary t-o South 

America, fl. 16th century. 
Bolivar y Ponte.Simon: liberator of Bolivla,1783-1830. 
Boll, Jac. : American naturalist, -1880. 
Bollan, "Wm. ; Amer. lawyer and writer, -1776. 
Bolland, Sir Wm. : English lawyer and bibliophile, 

1772-1840. 
BoUandus, Jean : French Jesuit and biog., 1596-1665 . 
Bollard, Nich. : English naturalist, fl. 1500*. 
BoUfe, Lion : Fr. inv., engin. andmanuf., 1871-1913. 
Bollensen, Fried. : Germ. Sanscrit schol., 1809-96. 
Boiler, Ludw. : German painter, 1862-1896. 
BoUes, Jno. A. ; American lawyer, 1809-1878. 
Bollinger, Otto von : Germ, pathologist, 1843-1909. 
BoUman, Eric : Amer. physa. and wr., 1769-1821. 
BoUot, Major : French soldier, -1912. 
Bologna, Giov. : Flemish-Italian sculptor and 

architect, 1524-1608. 
Bologna, Lorenzino da ; See Sabbatlni. 
Bologna, Pellegrino da ; See Tibaldi. 
Bolognese, II : See Grimaldi. 
Bolognese, Franco ; Bolognese miniature painter, 

14th century. 
Bolognese, Sebastiano : See Serlio. 
Bolognl (Bononius), Giroiamo : Ital. poet, 1454-1517. 
Bolognini, Giovanni Battlsta : Bolognese religious 

painter and engraver, 1611-88. 
Bolion, Rob. : English informer, fl. 1674-1680. 
Bolsec, J^rOme Hermes : French anti- Protestant 

writer, -1585. 

Bolswert, BoStius Adam : Flem. engrav., 1580*-1633. 
Bolswert, Schelte & : Dutch engraver, 1586-1659. 
Bolte, Amalle Charl. Eli'^e Marianne : German 

novelist and philanthropist, 1811-1891. 
Bolteustern, Konstantin von : Germ. gen.. 1823-97. 
Bolton, Duchess of : See Fenton, Lavinia. 
Bolton, Dukes of : See Powlett. 
Bolton, Edm. : Eng. historian and poet, 1575*-1633*. 
Bolton, Sir Fos. Jno. : Bng. sold, and electr., 1831-87. 
Bolton, Sir Geo. ; Eng. wr. on firearms, -1807 
Bolton, Jas. : English naturalist, fl. 1776-1795. 
Bolton, Jas. Jay : English divine, 1824-1863. 
Bolton, Sir Rich. : English lawyer, 1570*-1648. 
Bolton, Rob. : Eng. Puritan divine, 1672-1631 
Bolton, Rob. : Dean of Carlisle, 1697-1763. 
Bolton, Sam. : English div. and schol., 1606-1654. 
Bolton, Wm. : Eng. prior and architect, -1532. 
Bolts, Willem ; Dutch adventurer, 1740*-1808. 
BolzanI, TJrbano Valeriano : Greek scholar in Italy 

1440-1624. ' ' 

Bolzano, Bern. : Austr. priest and philos, 1781-1848 
Bomsrelli dells Rovere, Guidubaldo : Italian poet, 

1563-1608» 



69 



BOMBELLES 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BONIFACE 



Bombelles, Marc Marie, Marquis de : Frencli diplo- 
matist and ecclesiastic, 1744-1822. 
BombelU, Raflaele : Italian algebraist, fl. 1572*. 
Bombelli, Seb. : Ttal. hist, and port, pntr., 1635-1724. 
Bomberg, Dan. : riem.-Ital. printer, -1549. 
Bomberger, Jno. Hy. Aug. : Amer. div., 1817-1890. 
Bomelius {Eliseus or Licius) : Dutch physician and 

astrologer in England, -1574*. 
Bomford, Geo. : American inventor of missiles, 

1780-1848. 
Bomford, Sir Gerald : Brit, surpi.-sten.. 1851-1915, 
Bomhaid, Mart. Christ. Tried, von : German philo- 
logist, 1785-1862. 
Bompas, Hy. Mason : English county court judge, 

1836-1909. 
Bompas, Wm. Carpenter : English missionary and 

colonial bishop, 1834-1906. 
Bomtempo, Joao Domingos : Portuguese musician 

and composer, 1775*-1842. 
Bon, Jean le : French medical writer, fl. 1571. 
Bon, Louis And. : French general, 1758-1799. 
Bon de St. Hilaire, Eranp.-Xav. : Er. nat., 1678-1761. 
Bona, Giov. : Ital. card, and dev. wr., 1609-1674. 
Bona, Giov. da : med. wr. at Padua, 1712- 
Bonac, Jean Louis d'Usson, Marquis de : French 

diplomatist, 1673-1738. 
Bonaccioli, Lew. : Ital. physn. and med.wr., -1540*. 
Bonacossus, Hercules, of Ferrara : med. wr., -1578. 
Bonald, Louis Gab. Ambroise, Vicomte de : French 

statesman and philosopher, 1754-1840. 
Bonald, Louis Jacques M. de ; Fr. card., 1787-1848. 
Bonamy, Chas. Aug. J. B. L. J. : Fr. gen., 1764-1830. 
Bonamy, Pierre Nio. : French antiq., 1694-1770. 
Bonanni, Jas. : Syracusan noble, -1636. 
Bonanni, Phil., of Rome : historian, 1638-1725. 
Bonaparte : See also Napoleon. 
Bonaparte, Car. Maria Annunciata : wife of Murat, 

sister of Napoleon I., 1782-1839. 
Bonaparte, Chas., of Corsica : father of Napoleon I., 

1746-1785. 
Bonaparte, Chas. Lucien Jules Laurent, Prince of 
Canino : writer on natural philosophy, 1803-1857. 
Bonaparte, J4r6me : Kg. of Westphalia, 1784-1860. 
Bonaparte, Jos. : Kg. of Naples and Spain, 1768-1844. 
Bonaparte, Prince Louis Clovis : French-English 

engineer, 1858-1894. 
Bonaparte, Louis Lucien, Prince : French linguist 

and scientist, 1813-1891. 
Bonaparte, Louis Nap. : Kg. of Holland, 1778-1846. 
Bonaparte, Lucien, Prince of Canino : poetical writer, 

1775-1840. 
Bonaparte, Lucien ; Italian cardinal, 1828-1895. 
Bonaparte, Maria A. E. : See Baciocchi, Princess 

Piombino. 
Bonaparte, Maria Letizia Bamolino : mother of 

Napoleon I., 1750-1836. 
Bonaparte, Marie Pauline : See Borgh^se. 
Bonaparte, Princess Mathilde L6titia Wilhelmine : 
holder of a salon in Paris and philanth., 1820-1904. 
Bonaparte, Nap. Fran^. Chas. Jos., Duke of Eeich- 

stadt : King of Borne, Napoleon 11., 1811-1832. 
Bonaparte, Nap. Jos. Chas. Paul : French general, 

politician and orator, 1822-1891. 
Bonaparte, Pierre Nap. : President- General of 

Corsica, 1815-1881. 
Bonar, And. Alex. : Scottish divine, 1810-1892. 
Bonar, Arch. : Scot. div. and author, 1753-1816. 
Bonar, Horatius : Scottish divine, 1808-1889. 
Bonar, Jas. : Scot, solicitor of excise, 1767-1821. 
Bonar, Jno., ' The Elder ' : Soot, div., 1722-1761. 
Bonar, Jno., ' The Younger ' : English solicitor of 

excise, 1747-1807. 
Bonar, Jno. Jas. : Scottish divine, 1803-1891. 
Bonard, Louis : American miser, 1809-1871. 
Bonardi, Jean Bapt. : French theologian, ' Diet, of 

Anon, and Pseudonym. Writers,' -1756. 
Bonarelli della Rovere, Guidubaldi : Italian poet, 

1668-1608. 
Bonarelli della Rovere, Pietro : Ital. poet, -1669. 
Bonarelli della Rovere, Prospero : Italian dramatist, 

1588*-1659. 
Bonarjee, Shib Chunder : Indian convert to Chris- 
tianity, preacher and philanthropist, 1830-1897. 
Bonasonl, Giulio ; Bolognese painter and engraver, 

1498*-po«< 1672. 
Bonaventura, l^omasine : Cornish benefactress, 
-1510*. 



70 



Bonaventure, St. : Italian cardinal and Franciscan 

theologian, 1221-1274. ^. ^ ^ 

Bonaventure, of Padua : cardinal and friend of 

Petrarch, 1332-1388*. 
Bonchamps, Chas. Melchior Artu-q, Marquis de : 

Vendean Eoyallst, 1760*-] 793. 
Bonciario, Marco Ant. : Ital. gram., 1555-1616. 
Boncompagni-Ludovisi, Ignazio, Prince of Venosa : 

Italian patriot and art patron, 1845-1913. 
Bond, Dan. : Eng. landscape pntr., 1725-1803. 
Bond, Dennis : English politician, -1658. 
Bond, Sir Edw. Aug. : English librarian and historian, 

1815-1898. 
Bond, Geo. : English lawyer, 1750-1796 
Bond, Geo. Phillips : Amer. astron., 1825-1865. 
Bond, Hy. ; English physicist, fl. 1670. 
Bond, Hy. : Amer. physn. and geneal., 1790-1859. 
Bond, Hy. Jno. Hales : Eng. prof, of physic, 1801-83. 
Bond, Jno. ; English physician and classical anno- 

tator, 1550-1612. 
Bond, Jno. : Vice-Chanc. of Camb. Univ., 1612-1676. 
Bond, Jno. : English divine, 1841-1912. 
Bond, Jno. Jas. : Eng. chronologist, 1819-1883. 
Bond, Jno. Linell : English architect, 1766-1837. 
Bond, Jno. B. S. : American journalist, 1822-1872. 
Bond, Martin ; Eng. merchant adventurer, 1558-1643. 
Bond, Nich.: Pros, of Magdalen Coll.,Oxon.,1540-1608. 
Bond, Oliver : Irish rebel, 1760*-1798. 
Bond, Shadrack : Governor of Illinois, -1832. 
Bond, Thos. ; American physician, 1712-1784. 
Bond, Thos. : Eng. topog. writer, 1765-1837. 
Bond, Thos. Emerson : Amer. journ., 1782-1856. 
Bond, Thos. Emerson : Amer. journ., 1813-1872. 
Bond, Wm. : English dramatist, -1735. 

Bond, Wm. Bennett : Primate of Canada, 1815-1906. 
Bond, Wm. Cranch : Amer. astron., 1789-1869. 
Bondam, Pieter : Dutch prof, of law. 1727-1808. 
Bondl, Clemenzo : Italian poet, 1742-1821. 
Bondi, Jonas ; Jewish rabbi in America, 1804-1874. 
Bondini, Pasquale ; Italian - German - Bohemian 

theatre director, -1789. 

Bondone, Giotto di (Giotto) : Florentine religious 

painter and architect, * The founder of the lioble 

line of Italian painters,' 1276-1337. 
Bondt, Nic. : Dutch advocate, 1732-1792. 
Bone, Hy., B.A. : Eng. painter in enamel, 1755-1834. 
Bone, Rob. Trewick : English painter, 1790-1840. 
Boner, Chas. : Eng.-Cerm. pnet and wr., 1815-1870. 
Boner, Hieron. : German trans., 11. 16th century. 
Boner, Ulrich : Swiss-Germ, fabulist, fl. 1324-1349. 
Bonet (Bonnet), ThSophile : Swiss med. wr., 1620-89. 
Bonet de Lates : Fr. physn. and astrol., fl. 1490. 
Bonfadio, Jacopo : Italian letter-writer and poet, 

1500—1559 
Bonflgli, Benedetto : Ital. painter, 1420*-1490*. 
BonfinI (de Bonfinls), Ant. ; Italian philologist and 

historian, 1427-1502. 
Bonflni, Matteo : Italian scholar, 1441*- 
Bongars, .Jacques : Frencli scholar and diplomatist, 

1554-1612. 
Bonghi, Buggero : Italian newspaper editor, scholar, 

statesman and miscellaneous writer, 1828-1895. 
Bongiovanni (Bonjohannes), Ant. ? Italian librarian, 

1712-)Ms« 1760. 
Bonham, Sir Sam. Geo. : Brit. col. gov,, 1803-63. 
Bonham, Thos. : English physician, -1629*. 
Bonheur, Marie Rosalie (Bosa Bonheur) : French 

animal painter, 1822-1899. 
Bonhomme, Jacques : See Caillet. 
Bonhote, Eliz. : English authoress, 1744-1818. 
Bonhoure, Alphonse : Fr. col. go\ ., 1865-1909. 
Boni, Mauro : Ital. Jesuit and libr.. 1746-1817. 
Bonichon, Fran?., of Angers : oratorian, -1682. 
Boniface, St. (Winifrid) : English apostle of Germany, 

680-754, 
Boniface I., St. : Pope, -422. 
Boniface 11. : Pope, -532. 
Boniface III. : Pope, -606(7). 
Boniface IV., St, : Pope, -616. 
Boniface V. ; Pope, -626. 
Boniface VI. : Pope, -896. 
Boniface VII., Francone : Antipope. -985. 
Boniface VHI., Benedetto Gaetano: Pope,1228*-1303. 
Boniface IX., Pietro Tomacelli, 1344 •-! 404. 
Boniface I. : Duke of Tuscany, -823*. 
Boniface II. : Duko of Tuscany, fl. 823. 
Boniface III. : Duke of Tuscany, -1052. 



BONIFACE 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BOOTH 



Boniface, Hyacinthe, of Aix : compiler of Decrees of 

Parliament of Provence, 1612-1699. 
Boniface, of Montferrat : King of Ttiessalonlca, 

-1207. 
Boniface, of Savoy: Arclibp. of Cani*rbury, -1270. 
Bonifacio, Baldassare : Venetian historian and 

Bisliop of Capo d'Istria, 1586-1659. 
Bonifacio, Yenetiano : Italian painter, 1491-1553. 
Bonifacius: Eom.gen. and Qov.of Afr., -a.d. 432. 
Bonifazio, Veronese : Italian rel. pntr,, -1540. 
Bonifonius : See Bonncfons. 
Bonington, Eich. Parkes : Eng. pntr., 18D1-1S28. 
Boninus, Eapbxosinns: Ital. philol., fl. 1515-1516. 
Bonitz, Herm. : Anstr. philol. and edncat., 1814-88. 
Bonivard, Franp,, * The Prisoner of Chillon ' : 

Savoyard prior,reformer,pol. and chron.,1493-1570. 
Bonjoar, Gnil. : French missionary to China and 

Biblical writer, 1670-1714. 
Bonn, Franz ; Germ, poet and hnmorist, 1830-86. 
Bonnar, Geo. Wm. : Eng. wood engrav., 1796-1838. 
Bonnar, Wm. : Scot, subject painter, 1800-1853. 
Bonnassieux, Jean : French sculptor, 1810-1892. 
Bonnean, Jac. : Fr. lands. pntr. in En^and, -178G. 
Bonne-CarrJre, Gnil. de : Fr. diplom., 1754-1825. 
Bonnechose, Fran^. Paul Emil Boissuamond de ; 

French liistorian and man of letters, 1801- 
Bonneeorse: French consul in Egypt and poetical 

writer, -1706. 

Bonneff, I.6on : French writer, -1915. 
Bonnefoi (Bonfidins), Eenuemond : French professor 

of law and writer on Oriental law, 1636-1574. 
Bonnefons, Jean : French Latin poet, 1554-1614. 
Bonnell, Jas. : English Accountant-General of 

Ireland, 1653-1699. 
Bonnell, Karl Eduard: German philologist and 

educationist, 1802-1877. 
Bonner (Boner), Edm. : Bp. of London, 1500»-1569. 
Bonner, Rich. : Bug. ecclesiastical writer, fl. 1548. 
Bonner, Sherwood : Sec McDowell, Kate. 
Bonnerjee, Wonesh Chunder : Indian barrister and 

politician, 1845-1906. 
Bonnet : See also Bonet. 
Bonnet, Chas., F.E..S. : Swiss naturalist and philo- 

sopliical writer, 1720-1793. 
Bonnet, Jean Louis : German-French theologian 

and divine, 1805-1892. 
Bonneval, Claude Alex., Ct. de, ' Achmet Pasha ' : 

French military adventurer, 1675-1747. 
Bonneville, Ben. L. E. : American explorer and 

military engineer, 1795-1878. 
Bonneville, C. de : Fr. engineer, 1710*-1780*. 
Bonneville, Nic. de : French publicist and litterateur, 

1760-1828. 
Bonney, Chas, : English-Austral, pol., 1813- 
Bonney, Hy. Kaye : English divine, 1780-1862. 
Bonnier, Ange Elisabeth Loois Ant. : French 

diplomatist, 1749-1799. 
Bonnivard, Frang. de : See Bonivard. 
Bonnivet, Gnil. Gouffier: French admiral and 

soldier, 1488*-1525. 
Bonno or Bono, Gius. : Austrian-Italian musician 

and composer, 1710-17S8. 
Bonnor, Chas. : Eng. actor and dram., fl. 1777-1 829«. 
Bonnor, Geo. Jno. : .iustral. cricketer, 1855-1912. 
Bonnor, Thos. : English topographical draughtsman 

and engraver, fl. 1763-1807. 
Bonnycastle, Jno. : Eng. mathematician, 1750*-1821. 
Bonnycastle, Sir Eich. Hv. ; British soldier, engmeer 

and author, 1791-1847. 
Bono : See Bonno. 

Bono da Ferrara : Italian painter, fl. 1461. 
Bonomi, Giov. Franc. : Bp. of Vercelli. 1536-1587. 
Bonomi, Gius. : Ital. .ircht. in England, 1739-1808. 
Bonomi, Jos., ' The Younger ' : " English sculptor 

and Egyptologist, 1796-1878. 
Bononeini, Giov. Batt. : Italian opera composer. 

1672«-1750*. 
Bononeini, Giov. Maria : Italian musician and 

composer. 1640*-] 678. 
Bononeini, Marc Ant. : Italian musician and com- 
poser, 1675-1726. 
Bononi, Carlo : Ital. religions painter, 1569-1632. 
Bononins, Hieron. Tarvislnus : Ital. philol., fl. 1480. 
BonosQs : Emperor in Gaul, -230*. 
Bonosus : Bishop of Sardica, fl. 389-3902 
Bonpland, Aimf: Jacques Alex. : French naturalist 

and traveller, 1773-1858. 



BonsdorQ, Pehr Ad. von : Finnish physicist, 1791- 

1839. 
Bonser, Sir Jno. Winfield ; Chief Justice of Ceylon, 

1847-1914. 
Bonslgnori (Monsignori), Franc. : Italian painter, 

1455-1519. 
Bonsignori (Monsignori), Fra Girolamo : Italian 

pamter, 1440-1519. 
Bonstetten, Karl Vict, von : Swiss philosopher and 

naturalist, 1745-1S32. 
Bonstetten von Bougemont, Oust. Karl von : German 

archaeologist, 1816-1892. 
Bontekoe, Com. : Dutch physician, 1647-1685. 
Bontempi, Giov. Andrea Axtgelini : Italian musical 

composer and writer, 1630*-1705. 
Bontems, Marie Jeanne : French poetess, 1718-1768, 
Boutins, Ger. : phvsician at Leyden, Inventor of 

Pillols Tartarae, 1536*-1599. 
Boutins, Jac. : Dutch physn. in the East, -1623. 
BonTiciQo, Alpss.j * D Moretto ' : Italian historical 

and portrait painter, 150Q*-post 1556. 
Bonville (Terill), Ant. : English Jesuit, 1621-1676. 
Bonvisi, Ant. : English merchant, -1558. 

Bonvoisin, Maurice, ' Mai^ ' : Belgian-French cari- 

cJiturist, 1849-1912. 
Bonvouloir, M. de : French diplomatist, fl. 1775. 
Bonwick, Jas. : Austral, archivist and hi5t.,1817-1906. 
Bonwicke, .\mb., * The Elder ' : English school- 
master and Nonjuror, 1652-1722. 
Bonwieke, Amb., ' The Younger ' ■ English Non- 
juror, 1692-1714. 
Bonython, Chas. : English lawyer, -1705. 
Bonython, Rich. : Eng. settler in Amer., 1580-1650*. 
Bonz, Ad. Karl : German bookseller, 1824-1877. 
Bonzi, Pietro Paolo, ' II Gobho ' : Italian painter of 

fruit, 16th and 17th centuries. 
Boodt, Anselme Boece de : Flemish natiu-ali=t, 

physician and writer on gems, 1600*-1634. 
Booker, Geo. Wm. : American lawyer, 1821-1883. 
Booker, Jno. : EuElLsh astrologer, 1603-1667. 
Booker, Luke : Eng. di^nne and poet, 1762-1835. 
Boolde, Wm. : Eng. topog. and historian, fl. 1455. 
Boole, Geo. : English mathematician, logician and 

metaphysician, 1815-1864. 
Boomer, Geo. Boardman : Amer. soldier, 3832-1363. 
Boon, Dan. : Amer. expl. and colonizer, 1734-1820. 
Boone, Dan. : Dutch painter, -1698. 
Boone, Enoch : 1st white child bom in Kentuckv, 

1777-1862. 
Boone, Jas. Shergold : Eng. miscell. wr., 1799-1859. 
Boone, Thos. : Colonial Governor of Xew Jersev 

and South Carolina, fl. 1760. 
Boone, Wm. Jones : American Protestant Episcopal 

bishop and (Chinese scholar, 1811- 1864. 
Boonen, -4m. : Dutch portrait painter, 1669-1729. 
Boorde (Borde), And. : English traveller, physician 

and writer, 1490*-1549. 
Boorman, Jas. : American merchant and philan- 
thropist, 1783-1866. 
Boos, Mart. : (3erm. E.C. theologian, 1762-1823. 
Boot, Arn. : See Boate. 
Boot, Gerhard : See Boetius. 

Boot, J. Fletcher : Cherokee preacher, 1796*-1853. 
Booth, Abr. : English Dissenting minister and author 

1734-1806. 
Booth, Barton : English tragic actor, 1681-1733. 
Booth, Ben. ; American writer on book-keeping fl 

1760-1789. 
Booth, Cath. : English founder of the Salvation 

Army, 1829-1890. 
Booth, Dav. : Scottish lexicographer, 1766-1846 
Booth, Edw. : See Barlow. 
Booth, Edwin : American actor, 1833-1893. 
Booth, Sir Felix : English promoter of Arctic dis- 
covery, 1775-1850. 
Booth, Geo. : 1st Lord Delamer(e), 1622-1684 
Booth, Geo. : 2nd Earl of Warrington, 1675-17.=.s 
Booth, (Jeo. ■. English Latin verse writer, 1791-1859. 
Booth, Hy.. Earl of Warrington : English statesman 

1652-1694. 
Booth, Hy. : English railway projector, 1788-1S89. 
Booth, Jas. : English conveyancer. -1778 
Booth, Jas,, F.R.S. : Irish mathem., 1806-1878. 
Booth, Jas. : English Secretarv to the Board of 

Trade, 1796-1880. 
Booth, Jas. Chirtis : American chemist and geological 

writer, 1810-1888. 



71 



BOOTH 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BORROMEO 



Booth, Juo. : Bnglish genealogist, 1584-1659. 
Booth, Jno. Wilkes : American assassin of President 

Lincoln, 1839-1865. 
Booth, Junius Brutus : Bng.-Amer. trag., 1796-1852. 
Booth (Bothe), Lawr. : Bp. of Durham, -1480. 
Booth, Mary H. 0. : American poetess, 1831-1865. 
Booth, Peniston : Dean of Windsor, 1681-1765. 
Booth, Rob. : English Puritan divine, -1657. 
Booth, Sir Ilob. : Irish Chief Justice, 1626-1681. 
Booth, Sarah : English actress, 1793-1867. 
Booth, Thos. : Englishdivine, fl. 1611. 
Booth, Thos. ; English cattle breeder and improver, 

-1835. 
Booth, Wm. : Archbishop of York, 1390»-146-1:. 
Booth, Sir Wm. : British naval captain, -1703. 
Booth, Wm. : English evangelist and founder and 

General of Salvation Army, 1829-1912. 
Boothby, Ben. : Australian judge, 1803-1868. 
Boothby, Sir Brooke : English poet, 1743-1824. 
Boothby, Guy Newell : Australian novelist, ' Dr. 

Nikola," 1867-1905. 
Boothby, Miss Hill : English friend and corre- 
spondent of Dr. Jolmson, 1708-1756. 
Boothby, Lady : See Nesbitt. 
Boothroyd, Ben. : English Independent minister and 

Hebraist, 1768-1836. 
Boott, Eliz. : American subject painter, fl. 1877. 
Boott, Fes. : English physician, 1792-1863. 
Bopp, Franz : German philologist, 1791-1867. 
Bor, Jas. Hy. : Britteh general, 1857-1914. 
Boibonius (Bourbon), Nic. : Fr. Latin poet, 1603-50. 
Borch : See Borrichius. 

Borohardt, Karl Wilh. : Germ, mathem., 1817-1880. 
Bor(c)k, Martin ; German philologist, fl. 1743. 
Borcke, Caspar Wilh. von : Germ, hist., 1 704-1747. 
Borda, Jean Chas. ; French major-general, mathe- 
matician and astronomer, 1733-1799. 
Borde, And. : See Eoorde. 

Borde, Jean Ben. de la : Trench historian, 1734-1794. 
Bordeaux, Hen. Chas. Ferd., Due de, Ct, de Chara- 

bord : French Bourbon claimant, 1820-1883. 
Bordelon, Laurent ; French writer. 1653-1730. 
Borden, Enoch R. : Amer. journalist, 1823-1870. 
Borden, Gail : American inventor, 1801-1874. 
Borden, Simeon ; American inventor, 1798-1856. 
Bordenave, Toussalnt : Fr. physiologist, 1728-1782. 
Bordeu, Ant. de : French physician, 1696- 
Borden, Frang. de : Fr. medical writer, 1734- 
Bordeu, Thfephile de : Fr. medical writer, 1722-76. 
Bordieu : See Du Bordieu. 

Bordley, Jno. Beale : Amer. agricult. wr.. 1727-1804. 
Bordone, Paris : Italian painter, 1495-1570. 
Bordoni, Ant. Maria : Italian phyiicist, 1789-1860. 
Bordwine, Jos. : American military professor in 

England, -1836. 
Bore, Catherina von : wife of Luther, 1499-1552. 
Borel, Petrus (Pierre Jos. Borel, d'Hauterive) : 

French writer, 1809-1859. 
Borel, Pierre : French medical writer, 1620*-78(89). 
Borelll, Giannalfonso : Italian philosopher, physi- 
ologist, physicist and mathem., 1608-1679. 
Boreman (Bourman), Sob.: English Royalist 
. divine, -1675. 
Borgard, Alb. : Dan. col. in Eng. service, 1659-1751. 
Borgarucci,Giulio : Italian court physician InEngland, 

fl. 1564-1579. 
Borgarucci, Prospero ; Ital. medical writer, 11. 1567. 
Borgella, J6r6me Max. : Pres. of Hayti, 1773-1842. 
Borgesen, Hjalmar Hjorth : Norwegian-American 

novelist, journalist and teacher, 1848-1895. 
Borghese, Camillo ; See Paul V., Pope. 
Borghese, Camillo Fil. Lodovico, Prince, 1775-1832. 
Borghese, Camillo : married Pauline Bonaparte, 

180.3-18.32. 
Borghese, Giov. Batt. : Ital. diplomatist, -1717. 
Borghese, Marco Ant. : Viceroy of Naples, fl. 1721. 
Borghese, Marie Pauline Bonaparte, Pcess.,1780-1826 . 
Borghcsi, Bart. : Italian Podesta of San Marino and 

antiquary, 1781-1860. 
Borghesi, Diomede ; Sienese miscell. wi'., 1540*-98. 
Borghesi, Paolo Guidotto : Italian painter and poet, 

1569-1626. 
Borghinl, Raffaelle, ' 11 Riposo ' : Florentine poet, 

-1534. 
Borghini, Vincenzo : Italian scholar, 1515-1580. 
Borgia : See also Alexander VI. and Callistus III., 
Popes. 



Borgia, Cesare, Duke of Valentinois and Romagna, 
son of Pope Alexander VI. : Italian military 
commander, 1476-1507. 

Borgia, Fes., Duke of Gandia : general of the Jesuits 
and sahit, 1510-1572. 

Borgia, Franc. : Viceroy of Peru, -1658. 

Borgia, Lucrezia : Duchess of Ferrara and daughter 
of Pope Alexander VI., 1480-1519. 

Borgia, Stefano : Ital. card, and virtuoso, 1731-1804. 

Borgiani, Orazio : Eom. pntr. and engrav., 1630-81. 

Borgnis, Gius. Ant. : Italian physicist, 1781- 

Borgo : See also Pozzo. 

Borgo, Lnca di, ' Paoioli ' • Italian geometer, -port 
1509. 

Borgognone : See Stefanl. 

Borgognone, Ambrogio (Ambrogio da Fossano) ■ 
Italian architect and painter, 1455*-1524. 

Borgognone, Jac. Cortesi : Ital. painter, 1621-1676. 

Borgona, Juan de : Spanish painter, fl. 1493-1611. 

Borhan Eddin, Ibrahim ; poet, -1480. 

Borheck, -iug. Christ. : Germ, phllol., 1751-1816. 

Borie, Ad. E. : Amer. sec. of the navj', 1809-1880. 

Borie, Pierre Rose D. : French bishop, 1808-1838. 

Borie Cambort, Jean : Fr. revolutionist, 1770*-1805. 

Boris Fodorovlch Oodunov : Czar of Muscovy, 
1551*-1805. 

Borja, Ana ; wife of Ct. de Lemos, Viceroy of Pern, 
1636*-1706. 

Borja y Arag6n, Franc. : Spanish writer and poet, 
1582-1658. 

Borland, Jas. : Scottish inspector-general of army 
hospitals, 1774-1863. 

Borland, Solon : American senator, -1864. 

Borlase (Buriace), Edm. : English physician and 
historian, -1682. 

Borlase, Hy. ; English founder of Plymouth Brethren, 
1806-1835. 

Borlase, Sir Jno. : English soldier, 1576-1648. 

Borlase, Wm., F.R.S. : Eng. antiquary, 1695-1772. 

Bormann, Karl Wilh. Emit : Germ, educat., 1802-82. 

Born, Bertrand de. Viscount de Hautefort : trouba- 
dour, fl. 1160-1200. 

Born, E. : German philologist, -1870. 

Born, Ign. von. Baron : Hungarian mineralogist and 
metallurgist, 1742-1791. 

Born, Jac. Hein. : Biirgermeister of Leipzig, 1717-87. 

Borne : See Boerne. 

Borneii, Giraud de . maitre des troubadours, fl. 1190*. 

Bornemann, Fried. Aug. : Germ, philol., 1787-1848. 

Borner, Joh. Day. : Germ.-Fr. general, 1762-1829. 

Borner, Kaspar : German philologist, fl. 1524-1534. 

B6rner, Paul Albrecht : German physician and 
medical ivriter, 1829-1886. 

Bornet, Jean Bapt. Edouard : Fr. botanist, 1828-1911. 

Bornier, Vicomte Hen. de : French poet and dram- 
atist, 1825-1901. 

Bornier, Phil, de, of Montpellier : writer on law, 
1634-1711. 

Borodin, Alex. PorphjTlevieh : Russian musician and 
composer, 1834-1887. 

Boroslnl, Francesco : Italian singer, 1696*- 

Borosini, Leonora (n^e D'Ambreville) : French- 
Italian singer, fl. 1714-1724. 

Borough, Christopher : English writer on Persian 
travels, fl. 1679-1687. 

Borough (Burgh,de Burgo), Jno. : Ens.div., -1386. 

Borough, Su: Jno. : Eng. herald and hist.. -1643. 

Borough, Steph. ; English navigator, 1625-1584. 

Borough, Wm. : Eng. author and navigator, 1636-99. 

Borowlaski (Boruslawski). Jos., Coimt : Polish 
dwarf, 1739-1837. 

Borre, Frudhomme de : French brigadier-general in 
America, fl. 1776. 

Borrell, H. P. : English numismatist, -1861. 

Borrer, Wm., F.R.S. : English botanist, 1781-1862. 

Borrero, Eusebio ; South Amer. general, 1793-1856. 

Borrl, Gius. Franc., ' Burrhus ' : Italian impostor 
and empiric, 1627-1696. 

Borrichius, And. (Ivari) : Norw. philol., -1709. 

Borrichius, Olaus (Glaus CI. von Borch) : Danish 
medical writer, 1626-1690. 

Borries, Wilh. Fried. Otto, Count : German states- 
man, 1802-1883. 

Borromeo, Carlo, St. : cardhial and Archbishop of 
Milan, 1638-1684. 

Borromeo, Federico : cardinal and Archbishop of 
Milan, 1664-1631. 



72 



BORROMINI 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BOTHWELL 



Borromini, Franc. : Italian architect, 1599-1667. 
BonoB, Barnes : Eng.-Canad. mineral., 1820-1915. 
Borroni, Paolo Mich, Benedetto : Ital. pntr, -1819. 
Borrow, Geo. Hy. : English scholar of gipsy language, 

traveller and writer, ' The Bible in Spain,' ' The 

Romany Bye," 1803-1881. 
Borstale, Thos, ; Eng. scholastic theol., -1290*. 
Borstell, Fritz : Qennan bookseller, 18.34-1896. 
Bort, Leon Teisserenc de : Fr. meteorol., -1913. 
Borthwick, Sir Alg., 1st Baron Glenesk: English 

jonrnnllst, 1830-190S. 
Borthwick, Dav., of Lochhill : Lord Advocate of 

Scotland, -1581. 

Borthwick, Pet. : Scottish editor of VMorning Post,' 

1804-1852. 
Borthwick, Wm. : 4th Lord Borthwick, -1642. 
Borthwick, Wm. : British general, 1760-1820. 
Bortniansky, Dimitri Stepanovich : Busaian musi- 
cian and composer, 1752-1825. 
Borton, Sir Arth. : British general, 1814-1893. 
Bortquenard, Forgemol de : French general, 1821-97. 
Boruwlaskl : See Borowlaski. 
fiory de St. Vincent, Je.in Bapt. Geo. Maria : French 

naturalist, 1780-1846. 
Borzoui, Franc. Maria : Ital. marine pntr., 1625-79. 
Borzoni, Luciano : Italian historian and portrait 

painter, 1590-1645. 
Bos, Chas. Franj. du ; Fr. theologian, 1661-1724. 
Bos, Jean Bapt. du : French critic and historical 

writer, 1670-1742. 
Bos (Bosche), J^rdme : Dutch painter and en- 
graver, 1450*-1500. 
Eos, Lambert : Dutch philologist and professor of 

history, 1670-1717. 
Bos, Lodewijk Janssen de : Flem. pntr., 1450*-1507. 
Bosa : Bishop of York, -705. 
Bosaneiuet, Ohas, : English governor of South Sea 

Company, 1769-1860. 
Bosanqnet, Geo. Stanley : Brit, admiral, 1635-1914. 
Bosanquet, Jas. Whatman ; English banker and 

Orientalist, 1804-1877. 
Bosanquet, Sir Jno. Bern. : Eng. judge, 1773-1847. 
Bosanquet, Sam. Rich. : Bug. misce.U. wr., 1800-1882. 
Bosboom-Toussaint, Anna Louisa Geertruida : Dutch 

novelist, 1812-1886. 
Bosc, Claude du: Fr. engraver in England, fl. 1714. 
Bosc, Louis Augustin Guil. : Fr. nat., 1759-1828. 
Bosc, Pierre du : Fr. Protestant preacher, 1623-1692. 
Boscager, Jean : French jurist, 1601-1687. 
Boscan Almogaver, Juan : Spanish poet, 1490*-1542. 
Boscawen, Edw., 'Old Dreadnought': British ad- 
miral, 1711-1761. 
Boscawen, Edw. : 1st Earl of Falmouth, 17S7-1841. 
Boscawen, Hugh : 1st Visot. Falmouth, -1734. 
Boscawen, Wm. : English writer and poet, ] 752-181 1 . 
Boscawen, Wm. St. Chad : Eng. Orient,, 1854-1913. 
Bosch, Balthasar van den : Dutch pntr., 1675-1715. 
Bosch, Bern. : Dutch poet, 1746-1803. 
Bosch, Jac. van den : Dutch painter of still life 

1636-1676. 
Bosch, Jerome, of Aachen : Dutch pntr., 1460'*-1518. 
Bosch, Jeronymo : Dutch book-collector, 1740-1811. 
Bosch, Joh. van den : Dutch statesman, 1780-1844. 
Bosch, Itfich. : German professor of Greek literature, 

1536-1608. 
Boscha, Pietro Paolo : Italian savant, 1632-1899. 
Boschi, Fabrizio : Florentine rel. pntr., 1670''-1642. 
Boschi, Qius. : Italian singer, fl. 1709-1735. 
Boscoli, And. : Italian historical painter, 1553-1606 
Bosoovioh, Ruggiere Gius. : Italian mathematician 

and natlU'al philosopher, 1711*-1787. 
Bose, Fried. Julius Wilh. von : Germ, gen., 1809-94. 
Bose, Geo. Matthias : German electrician, 1710-61. 
Bose (Bosius), Joh. And. : German professor of 

history, 1626-1674. 
Bose, Joh. Jac. : German Archdeacon of Leipzig. 

1713-1775. 
Boselli, Antonio : Ital. sculptor and pntr., 16th cent. 
Bosgrave, Jas, : English Jesuit, 1547*-1623. 
Bosio, An!»iolina : Italian vocalist, 1830-1859. 
Bosio, Ant. : Italian archseolosist, -1629. 

Bosio, Fran?. Jos., Baron : Fr. sculptor, 1769-1815. 
Bosio, Giac, : Knight of Malta and historian, fl. 1694. 
Bosius : See Dubois. 

Boso: Duke o! Lombardy and Provence, -888. 
Boso : English cardinal, -1181*. 
Bosomworth, Thos. : American divine, fl. 1736-1749. 



73 



Bosquet, Fran?. : Bishop of Montpellier, 1605-1676. 
Bosquet, Pierre Fran?. Jos. : Fr. marshal, 1810-1861. 
Boss, Lewis : American astronomer, -1912. 
Bossam, Herbert de : See Herbert. 
Bossam, Jno. : English painter, fl. 1650. 
Bossoha, Herm. : Dutch philologist, 1755-1819, 
Bosscha, Joh. : Dutch philologist, fl. 1817-1839. 
Bosscha, Pieter : Dutch philologist, fl. 1836. 
Bosschaerts, Thos. Willebrorda : Dutch historical 

and portrait painter, 1613-1656. 
Bosse, Dr. ; Russ. minister of education, -1901. 
Bosse, Abr. : Fr. engraver and architect, 1611-1678. 
Bosse, Hans Alex, von : German government official 

and writer, 1835-1898. 
Bossewell, Jno. : Eng. heraldic writer, fl. 1572. 
Bosshardt, Kaspar : Swiss-German historical painter, 

182.3—1887 
■ BossKus), Gh-olamo : Paduau philologist, 1688-1629. 
Bossl, Gins. : Italian painter, poet and writer on art, 

1777-1816. 
Bossi, Gius. Carlo Aurelio, Baron de : Italian poet 

and diplomatist, 1768-1823. 
Bossi, Laigi, Ct. of : Milanese historian, 1758-1835. 
Bosso, Matth. : Italian divine, 1428-1502. 
Bossu, P. : French traveller in America, 1725*- 
Bossu, Ren6 le : Fr. scholar and critic, 1631-1680. 
Bossuet, Jacques B6nigne le, Bishop of Meaux : orator 

and writer, 1627-1704. 
Bossut, Chas. : Fr. mathematician, 1730-1814. 
Bossy, Hen. de ; French physician and centenarian, 

1794-1897. 
Boste (Boast), Jno, : Eng, R.C. priest, 1543*-1594. 
Bostock,Frank C: Eng. wild animal trainer,1866-1912. 
Bostock, Jno. : See also Whethamstede. 
■Bostock, Jno,, the Elder : Eng. phy,5ician, 1740-74. 
Bostock, Jno., F.R.S., the Yoimger ; English phv- 

sidan, 1773-1846 
Boston, Buriensis (Jno. of Boston) : English .Augus- 

tinian, fl. 1410. 
Boston, Thos. : Scottish divine, 1676-1732, 
Boston, Thos. : Scottish relief minister, 1713-1767. 
Bostrfim, Christoffer Jac. : Swed, philos,. 1797-1H66. 
BosfrBm, Eric G. B. : Swed. premier, 1841-1907. 
Bostwick, Da\dd : American divine, 1721-1763. 
Bosville, Wm. : English bon-vivant, 1746-1313, 
Boswell, Alex., Lord Auchinleck : Scottish judge, 

1706-1782. 
Boswell, Sir Alex. : Scottish antiquarv and song 

writer, 1775-1822. 
Boswell, Claud Irvine, Lord Balmuto : Scottish judge, 

1742-1824, 
Boswell, Edw, : English antiquarv, 1760-1842. 
Boswell, Jas. : Scot. biog. of Dr. Johnson, 1740-1795 
Boswell, Jas, ; Scot, barrister and editor of Shak- 

speare, 1778-1822. 
Boswell, Jno. : English religions writpr, 1698-1767. 
Boswelt, Jno. Jas : Scottish general, 1835-1908. 
Boswell, Rob, : Scottish psalmist, 1746-1804. 
Boswell, Sir Wm. : Eng. diplomatist, -1649, 
Bosworth, Jos., F.R.S. : English Anglo-Saxon scholar, 

1789-1876. 
Bosworth, Wm. : English poet, 1607-1650*. 
Bosworth Smith, Reginald : See Smith, Reginald 

Bosworth. 
Botal(li), Leon., of Asti, ' Botaiius" : medical writer 

fl. 1550*. 
Boteler : See also Butler. 
Eoteler, Edw. : English divine, -1670. 
Boteler, Ifath. : English naval captain, fl, 1625-1627 
Boteler, Wm. Fuller : English Commissioner In Bank- 
ruptcy, 1777-1845. 
Botelio, Nuno Alvarez de : Portuguese viceroy in 

India, -1630. 
Botero, Giov. : Ital. Jesuit political wr., 1540-1617 
Botetourt, Norborne Berkeley : Colonial Governor of 

Virginia, 1717*-] 770. 
Botevllle, Wm, : See Thvnne. 
Botfield, Beriali : English bibliographer and man of 

letter.s, 1807-1863. 
Botfield, Thos,. F.E.S. : Eng, geoloelst, 1762-1843 
Both, And. : Dutch painter, 1612-l'«o6. 
Both. Jan : Dutch landscape painter, 1810-I6riO. 
Botha, Christ. : S. African general, -1902 
• Bothe, Fried. Hein.; Germ, philologist, 1779-i8.5,j 
Bothe, Wm. : See Booth. 

Bothmer, Maximilian, Ct. : Germ, sold 1816-1378 
Bothwell, Earls of : See Hepburn, Jas. ' 



BOTHWELL 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BOULBON 



Bothwell, Adam : Bishop of Orkney, 1527*-1593. 
BoUey, Sain. : Englfeh stenographer, 1642-1696'. 
Botolph (Botulf) : English saint, -6S0. 
Botoner, Wm. : See Worcester, Wm . 
Botstord, Amos Edwin ; Canadian jurist and senator, 

1804- 
Botsford, Wm. : American jurist, 1763-1864. 

Bott, Jean de : French areliitect, 1670-1745. 

Bott, Thos. : English divine, 1688-1754. 

Bott, Thos. : English china painter, 1829-1870. 

Botta, Anne C. Lynch : Amer. authoress, 1820-1891. 

Botta, Carlo Gius. QugliPlmo : Ital. hist., 1766-1837. 

Botta, TPaolo Emilio : Italian archpeologlst and ex- 
plorer, 1802-1870. 

Botta, Vine. : Ital. author in America, 1818-1894. 

Botta d'Adorno, Anton Otto, Marq. ; Italian-German 
field-marshal, 1688-1774. 

Botta d'Adorno, Jac, Marq. ; Imperial field-marshal, ' 
1729-1803. 

Bottari, Giov. Gaetano : Florent. schol., 1689-1775. 

Bottoher, Christ. Eduard : Germ, painter, 1818-1889. 

Bottero, Giuseppe : Italian patriot and newspaper 
editor, 1826-1897. 

Bottesini, Giov. ; Italian musical conductor and com- 
poser, 1823-1889. 

Bottetourt, Jno. de : Eng. baron and adm., -1324. 

BSttger : See Boettcher and Boettger. 

BBttger, Magnus : German di\1ne, 1813-1881. 

Botticelli,Sandro ( Aless.): pntr.of Florence, 1444-1510. 

Bitticher, Karl Gottlieb Wilh. : German architect 
and archseoiogist, 1806-1889. 

Biitticher, Karl Hein. von : Germ, statesm., 1832-1907. 

Bottisham (Bottlesham), Wm., of : Bishop of 
Rochester, -1400, 

Bottomley, Jos. : Eng.mus.and wr. onmu.sic, 1786- 

Bottomley, Wm. : Irish engineer, 1850-1912. 

Bottone, Giac. H. V. E. M. : Count of Castellamonte, 
1753-1828. 

Bottom, Albertino : Ital. medical writer, -1596. 

Bottoni, Dom., F.R.9. : Ital. physician, 1641-1731. 

Botts, Chas. T. : Amer. jurist and pol., 1809-1884. 

Botts, Jno. Minor : Amer. statesman, 1802-1869. 

Botzarls, Marco : Greek chf . and patriot, 1788*-1823. 

Botzon, Louis: German philologist, 1828-1873. 

Boucb, Sir Thos. : Eng. civil engineer, 1822-1880. 

Bouchard, Dav. : Governor of Perigord, -1598. 

Bouchardon, Edme : French sculptor, 1698-1762. 

Bouchaud, Matth. Ant : French jurist and econo- 
mist, 1719-1804. 

Bouohe' Honorius : French theologian and historian, 
' History of Provence,' 1598-1671. 

Bouche, Mart. : Flem. engrav. of portraits, fl. 1680. 

Bonchel, Lanr., ' Bochelius ' : French jurist and 
historian, 1559-1629. 

Boucher, Alex. Jean : French violinist, 1778-1861. 

Boucher, Andr§ Jean : French lawyer, 1715-1794. 

Boucher, Frang. ; French painter, 1703-1770. 

Boucher, Jean : doctor of the Sorbonne and fanatic, 
1548-1644(6). 

Boucher, Jno. : English divine, 1777-1818. 

Boucher, Jno. : Irish divine, 1819-1878. 

Boucher, Jon. : English divine, political writer and 
philologist, 1738-1804. 

Boucher, Pierre, Sieur de Boucherville : Canadian 
pioneer, 1622-1717. 

Boucher d'Argis, Ant. Gasp. ; French writer on law, 
1708-1791. 

Boucher de Boucherville, Sir Clias. : Canadian states- 
man, 1822-1916. 

Boucher de Crivecoeur de Perthes, Jacques : French 
geologist and antiquary, 1788-1868. 

Boucher-Desnoyers, Aug. Gaspard Louis, Baron : 
French engraver, 1779-1857. 

Boucherett, Emilia Jessie ; English advocate of 
woman's progress and hist, writer, 1825-1905. 

Boucherle, Aug. : French chemist and inv., 1801-71. 

Boucherville, Chaa. Eug. Boucher de : Canadian 
senator, 1820- 

Boncherville, Geo. Boucher de : Canadian author, 
1812- 

Bouchery, Weyman : Eng. Latin poet, 1683-1712. 

Bouchot, Gull. : judge, of Polctiers, 1526-1606*. 

Bouchet, Jean, of Polctiers : French poet and miscel- 
laneous writer, ' Annals of Aquitaine,' 1476-1550. 

Bouchet, Jean du : French genealogist, 1699-1684. 

Bouchette, Jos. : Canadian lieutenant-colonel and 
topographer, 1774-1841. 



Boucheul, Jean Jos., of Dorat : law writer, -1706. 
Bouchier, Barton : Eng. religious writer, 1794-1865. 
Bouchier (Bourchier), Geo. : Eng. Eoyalist, -1643. 
Bouchot, Hen. : French authority on engraving and 

writer, 1849-1906. 
Bouchotte, Jean Bapt. Noel : French Minister of 

War, 1764-1840. 
Boucieault, Aubrey : Eng.-Amer. actor, 1869-1913. 
Boucicault, Dion : Irish dram, and actor, 1822-1890. 
Boucicaut, Jean le Maingre : Marshal of France, 

1366'-1421. 
Bouck, Wm. C. : Governor of New Tork, 1786-1859. 
Boudewyns, Mich. : physician of Antwerp, -1681. 
Boudier, RenS : French scholar, 1634-1723. 
Boudin, Eugtae r French painter, 1824-1898. 
Boudinot, Elias : American revolutionary leader, 

1740-1821. 
Boudon, Hen. Maria, of Bvreux : dev. wr., 1624-1702. 
Boudot, Jean: Fr. printer of Lat.-Fr. diet., -1706. 
Boudot, Jean, of Paris : printer, 1685-1754. 
Boue, Aims : Qerm.-Austr. geologist, 1794-1881. 
Bouelles, Chas. : See Bovillus. 
Bouflers, Louis Frang., Due de ; Marshal of France, 

1644-1711. 
Bouflers, Stanislaus Jean, Marquis de : French 

emigrant, 1737-1815. 
Bougainville, Jean Pierre de : Fr. antiq., 1722-1768. 
Bougainville, Louis Ant. de. : French geographer, 

navigator and discoverer, 1729-1811. 
Bougainville, M. D. F. : French navigator and dis- 
coverer, -1792. 
Bougeant, Gull. Hyacinthe : French historian and 

poet, 1690-1743. 
Bougerel, Jos. : French Oratorian, savant and writer, 

1680-1753. 
Bough, Sam. : English painter, 1822-1878. 
Bonghen, Edw. : Eng. Royalist divine, 1587-1660*. 
Boughton, Geo. Hy. : English - American painter 

and illustrator, 1834-1905. 
Boughton, Joan : English martyr, -1494. 
Bougin^, Karl Jos. : Germ, philol. and theol., 1735-97. 
Bouguer, Pierre : French mathematician, 1698-1758. 
Bouguereau, Ad. Wm. : French painter, 1825-1905. 
Bouhier (Buherius), Jean : French jurist and 

littteateur, 1673-1746. 
Bouhours, Dom. : Fr. Jesuit and critic, 1628-1702. 
Bouilhet, Louis Hyacinthe : French poet and 

dramatist, 1822-1869. 
Bouillard, Jacques : French engraver, 1744-1806. 
BouiUart, Jacques : French historian, 1649-1726. 
Bouillaud (Boulliaud), Ismael : Fr. astron., 1605-94. 
Bouill6, Fran?. Claude Amour, Marquis de : French 

general, 1739-1800. 
Bouillet, Jean, of Montpellier : med. wr., 1690-1777. 
Bouillet, Marie Nich. : Fr. litt&ateur, 1798-1864. 
Bouillon : See also Godfrey of Bouillon. 
Bouillon, Emm. Th&)dose de la Tour : French car- 

dmal, 1644-1715. 
Bouillon, FrM. Maur. de la Tour, Duke of : French 

general, 1605-1652. 
Bouillon, Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne : Marshal of 

France, 1555-1623. 
Bouillon, Pierre : French painter, 1777-1833. 
Bouillon, Hob. de la Marck IV., Marshal of, -1556. 
BoniUy, Jean Nich. : French dramatist, 1763-1842. 
Boulainvilliers, Hen. de, Ct. de St. Saire : French 

historian and political writer, 1658-1722. 
Boulanger, And., ' Petit pdre Andr6 ' ; Augustinian 

preacher, 1578*-1657. 
Boulanger (Boullenger), Claude Fran?. F^llx: French 

scholar, 1725-1758. 
Boulanger, Ern. : French senator, 1832-1907. 
Boulanger, Geo. Ern. Jean Marie : French general 

and politician, 1837-1891. 
Boulanger, Gust. Eodolphe Clarence : French 

painter, 1824-1888. 
Boulanger, Jean : French pamter, 1606-1660. 
Boulanger, Jean : French engraver, 1607-1680. 
Boulanger, Louis : French painter, 1806-1867. 
Boulanger, Nic. Ant. : French mathematician and 

engineer, 1722-1759. 
Boulard, Ant. Marie Hen. : Fr. savant, 1754-1825. 
Boulay, CSsar Egasse du : Fr. historian, 1605*-1678. 
Boulay de la Meurthe, Ant. Jacques Claude Job. : 

French politician, orator and writer, 1761-1840. 
Boulhon, Gaston Roulx, Ct. de : French adventurer, 

1817-1854. 



74 



BOULDUC 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BOURNONVILLE 



Boulduc, Giles Fran?. : French chemist, 1675-1742. 
Bonldnc, Simon : French chemist, -1729. 
Boulenger (Bulengerus), Jules C6sar : French 

philologist, 1668-1628. 
Boulter, Jean : French humanist, fl. 16th century. 
Boullgny, Dom. : American senator, 1773-1833. 
Bouligny, Jno. Edw. : Amer. Congressman, 1824-64. 
Boullaye, de la : See Gouz de la Bouilaye. 
Boulle, Andre Ohas. : Fr. cabinetmaker, 1642-1732. 
Boullenois, Louis : French law writer, 1680-1762. 
Boulllau (Bullialdus), Ismael (Israel) : French 

astronomer, 1606-1694. 
BoulUer, Dav. Eenaud : Dutch theologian, 1699-1759. 
Boullongne, Bonde : French religious and mythical 

painter, 1649-1717. 
Boullongne, G6nevleve de : French painter and 

engraver, 1645-1708. 
Boullongne, Jean de : See Valentin. 
Boullongne, Louis de : Fr. pntr. and engrav., 1609-74. 
Boullongne, Louis de (the younger) : French en- 
graver and painter, 1654-1783. 
Boullongne, Madeleine de : French painter and 

engraver, 1646-1710. 
Boulnois, Chas. : Anglo-Indian jurist and legal 

writer, 1832-1912. 
Boulogne, Etienne Ant. de : Bishop of Troyes, 

1747-1825. 
Boult, Swinton : Bug. dir. ol Insurance Co., 1S09-76. 
Boultbee, Thos. Pownall : English divine and 

writer, 1818-1884. 
Boulter, Hugh : Archbp. of Armash, 1672-1742. 
Boulton Matth. : Bng.engin. andmanul., 1728-1809. 
Boulton, Rich. : Eng. med. wr., fl. 1697-1724. 
Bound, Xich. : See Bownde. 

Bouquet, Hy. : Swiss gen. in Bug. service, 1719-65. 
Bouquet, Martin : Fr. Benedictine, 1685-1764. 
Bouquet, Phil. : Eng. prof, of Hebrew, 1669-1748. 
Bouquin de la Soucke, J. P. : Fr. actor, 1828-1915. 
Bourbaki, Cha's, Denis Sauter : Fr. gen., 1816-97. 
Bourbon : See also Bordeaux, Cond6, Henry II. of 

Navarre and Venddme. 
Bourbon, Archambaud, Duke of, fl, 900. 
Bourbon, Don Carlos de : Sp.an. pretender, 1848-1 909. 
Bourbon, Clias. I., 5th Duke of, 1401-1456. 
Bourbon, Chas. II., 7th Duke : cardinal, 1437-1488. 
Bourbon, Chas., Duke of : constable of France. 

1490-1527. 
Bourbon, Chas. de : Cardinal Archbishop of Rouen, 

1620-1590. 
Bourbon, Chas. de Vendflme : claimant to throne, 

1560-1594. 
Bourbon, Prmce Hv. de, Duke of Seville : Spanish 

admiral, 1823-1894. 
Bourbon, Princess Isabelle de : Neapolitan-French 

philanthropist, 1820-1897. 
Bourbon, Jean I., 4th Duke of, 1381-1434. 
Bourbon, Jean II., 6th Duke of, 1426*-14S8. 
Bourbon, Louis I., Ct. de Clermont and 1st Duke of. 

1279-1341. 
Bourbon, Louis II., Srd Duke of, 1373-1410. 
Bourbon, Louis : Bishop of LiSge, -1482. 
Bourbon, Louis de VendOrae : cardinal and Governor 

of Paris, 140.1-1566. 
Bourbon, Nic. : French Greek scholar and Latin 

poet, 1503-po«« 1560. 
Bourbon, Nic. : Fr. Lat. and Grk. poet, 1574-1644. 
Bourbon, Pierre I., 2nd Duke of, 1310-1356. 
Bourbon, Pierre II., Seign. de Beaujeu, 1439-1502. 
Bourbon, Rob. of : last Duke of Parma, 1848-1907. 
Bourchenu, Jean Pierre Moret de : French historian 

1651-1730. 
Bourohier, Franj. Ant.,Ct. ; Fr. general, 1760-1828 
Bourohier, Geo. : See Bouohier. 
Bourohier, Hy. : Ea. of Essex and statesm., -1483 
Bourohier, Hy. : 2nd Earl of Essex and courtier, 

-1539. 
BourcWer (Boussier), Jno. de : English judge, 
-1330*. ' ^ ' 

Bourohier, Jno., Baron Berners: English statesman 

and author, 1467-1533. 
Bourohier, Sir Jno. : English regicide, -1660. 
Bourchier (Boussier), Rob. : Eng. chanc, -1349. 
Bourohier, Thos. : Archbishop of Canterbury, Lord 

Chancellor and cardinal, 1404*-1486. 
Bourchier, Thos. : English Franciscan friar and 

historian, -1586*. 

Bourdalone, Louis : Fr. Jesuit preacher, 1632-1704 



75 



BourdeUle, Claude de, Ct. de Montresor : French 
memoir writer, 1608"'-1663. 

Bourdeille, H61ie de : Cardinal Archbishop of Tours, 
1410*-14S4. 

Bourdeilles, Pierre de ; Abbot of Brantdme, ' Mem- 
oirs,' 1540-1614. 

Bourdelot, Jean : French critic, -1638. 

Bourdelot, Pierre Michon, Abb6 : medical writer at 
Parts. 16)0-1685. 

Bourdieu : See Du Bourdieu. 

Bourdign6, Chas., of Angers : Fr. poet, -1545. 

Bourdlllon, Jas. Au.stin : Anglo-Indian admini- 
strator, 1848-1913. 

Bourdlllon, Jas. Dewar : Anglo-Indian Civil servant, 
1811-1883. 

Bourdin, Maur : See Gregory VIII., Antipope. 

Bourdon, Aim« : French anatomist. ] 638-1706. 

Bourdon, Franc. Louis ; Fr. revolutionist, -1797. 

Bourdon, S6bastien : Fr. pntr. and engrav.. 1616-71. 

Bourdon de la Crosnidre Leon. J. .1. ; French re- 
volutionist, 1758*-1815. 

Bourdot, Chas. Ant. : Fr. advocate, 1686-1735. 

Bourg, Anne du : Fr. Prot. magistrate, 1521-1559. 

Bourgelat, Claude, of Berlin : vet. surg., 1712*-1779. 

Bourgeois, Louis : French musician and author of 
the Genevan Psalter, fl. 1541-1561. 

Bourgeois, Louis Thos. : ¥t. mus. comp., 1676-1760. 

Bourgeois, Sister Marg. : Fr. missionary, 1620-1700. 

Bourgeois, Sir Pet. Fes., E.A. : English painter, 
1756-1811. 

Bourgeoise, Louise, * Boursier ' : French obstetrical 
writer, fl. 1600*. 

Bourgery, Marc Jean : Fr. surgeon, 1797-1849. 

Bourges, Clemence de : French musical composer, 
writer and poetess, -1560. 

Bourges, Jean Maurice : Fr. mus. wr.. 1812-1881. 

Bourget, Ign. : Canadian Archbishop of Martian- 
opolis, 1799-1885. 

Bourget, Jean : Fr. Benedictine and hist., 1724-1776. 

Bourgolng, Jean Fran^., Baron de : French diplo- 
matist and writer, 1748-1811. 

Bourguet, Louis : French Protestant refugee in 
Switzerland and naturalist, 1678-1742. 

Bourgueville, Chas. de, of Caen : historian. 1504-93. 

Bourgulgnon : See Courtois and Perrier, Fran?. 

Bourienne : See Bourrienne. 

Bourignon, Antoinette de la Porte : Flemish mystic, 
1616-1680. 

Bourinot, Sir Jno. Geo. ; clerk to Canadian Parlia- 
ment and writer on Canada, 1837-1902. 

Bourke, Sir Rich. : Eng. col. governor, 1777-1855. 

Bourke, Rich. Southwell, 6th Earl of Mayo : Viceroy 
of India, 1822-1872. 

Bourke, Rob., Lord Connemara : Irish politician and 
Governor of Madras, 1827-1902. 

Bourlamarque, M. de : French soldier, -1764. 

Bourlet de Vauxcelles, Simon J^r6me : French 
writer, 1734»-1799. 

Bourman, Rob. : See Boreraan. 

Bonrmont, Louis Aug. Vict., Ct. de Gaisne de : 
Marshal of France, 1773-1846. 

Bourn ; See also Bourne and Bume. 

Bourn, Sam. : Eng. Dissenting minister, 1648-1719. 

Bourn, Sam.; Eng. Dissenting minister, 1689-1764. 

Bourn, Sam. : Eng. Dissenting minister, 1714-1796. 

Bourn, Thos. : English compiler, 1771-1832. 

Bourne, Ben. ; Amer. jurist and politician, 1756-1808. 

Bourne, B. Bmerson : American jurist, 1797-1873. 

Bourne, Geo. : Amer. controversialist, 1760-1845 

Bourne, Gilb. : Bp. of Bath and Wells, -1569 

Bourne, Hy. : English antiquary, 1696-1733. 

Bourne, Hy. Rich. Fox : English social reformer and 
miscellaneous writer, secretary of the Aborigines 
Protection Society, 1837-1909. 

Bourne, Hugh: English founder of Primitive 
Methodists, 1772-1852. 

Bourne, 1mm. : English divme, 1590-1679. 

Bourne, Nehemiah : Brit, admiral, fl, 1649-1662 

Bourne, Reuben : English dramatist, fl. 1692. 

Bourne, Rich. : Eng. miss. In America, -1682 

Bourne, Rob. : English professor of medicine at 
Oxford, 1761-1829. 

Bourne, Vine. : English Latin poet, 1695-1747 

Bourne (Bourn), Wm. : Eng. mathem., -1583 

Bourne, Wm. Sturges : Eng. politician, 1769-1845 

Bournon, Jacques Louis : Fr. mineral., 1751-1825 
Boninonville, Armand d'Artois de : See Artois 



BOUBRIENNE 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BOWMAN 



Bourrienne, Louis Ant. Fauvelet de : French diplo- 
matist and secretary to Napoleon I., 1769-1834. 
Bonrrit,Maro Tli&id. : Swiss trav. andwr., 1739-1819. 
Bonrsault, Edme : Frencli dramatist and romance 

writer, 1638-1701. 
Boursenl, Ciias. : FrencIi pioneer of tlie telephone, 

1829-1912. 
Bonrsier, Laur. Franp. : French theologian and 

metaphysician, 1679-1749. 
BoDisse, Esaias : Dutch painter, 1630-1673. 
Bourvalais, Paul Foisson : Fr. financier, -1719. 
BoDsfleld, Hy. Brougham : Bp.of Pretoria,18.32-1902. 
Bousqaet, Georges : Fr. mus. comp. and wr., 1818-54. 
Bonssean, Jacques : French sculptor, 1681-1740. 
Bousset, Card. : Fr. card, and bishop, 1827-1896. 
Bousset, Jilen6 Drouard de, of Paris ; musical com- 
poser, 1703-1760. 
Bonsslngault, Jean Bant. Jos. Dieudonn^ : French 

chemist and explorer, 1802-1887. 
Bousyry : French poet, 1211-1298. 
Boutaiic, Franp. de, of Toulouse : law wr., 1672-1733. 
Boatanid, Mich. : Jesuit of Paris and theol., 1607-88. 
Boutel, Mrs. : EngUsh actress, fl. 1663-1696. 
Boutell, Caias. : English archaeologist, 1812-1877. 
Bontelle, de Witt Clinton : American landscape 

painter, 1820-1884. 
Bouteroue, Claude : antiq. of Paris, -amte 1680. 
Bouterweck, Fried. : German historian, philologist, 

philosopher and critic, 1766-1828. 
Bontflower, Hy. Crewe : English divine and school- 
master, 1796-1863. 
BontUnUer, Claude, Sieur de Fouilletourte : French 

statesman, 1581-1652. 
Boutbrals, Baoul, of Chateaudun ; law writer, 1552*- 

1630. 
Bontmy, Emile : French historian, 1834-1906. 
Boaton, Nath. : Amer. div. and author, 1797-1878. 
Bontros Pasha Ghali : Egypt, prem., 1845-1910. 
Boots, Dirk or Thierry : Dutch painter, 1400-1475. 
Bontwell, Geo. Sewall : Amer. statesm., 1818- 
Bonvart, Alexis : French astronomer, 1767-1843. 
Bouvart, Mich. Phil. : Fr. physician, 1717-1787. 
Bonveanlt, Louis ; French chemist, 1864-1909. 
Bouverie, Sir Hy. Fred. : British general, 1783-1852. 
Bouverie, Wm. Pleydell, 3rd Earl of Radnor : poli- 
tician, 1779-1869. 
Bouvet, Fran?. Jos. : French admiral, 1763-1832. 
Bonvier, Jno. : French-American jurist and legal 

writer, 1787-1851. 
Bonyer, Reynold Gideon : Archdeacon of North- 
umberland, -1826. 
BoTalliDS, Carl Erik Alex. : Swedish zoologist, ex- 
plorer and miscellaneous writer, 1849-1907. 
Boverie, Eugene : French sculptor, 1870-1910. 
Boverius, Zacharias : Italian Capuchin and historian, 

1568-1638. 
Boves, Jos6 Tomas : Spanish- American adventurer, 

-1814. 
Bovette de Blemnr, Marie Jacqueline : French Bene- 
dictine nun and theological writer, 1618-1696. 
Bovey, Catharina : Eng. benefactress, 1669-1726. 
Bovey, Hy. Taylor, F.B.S. : English and Canadian 

engineer and mathematician, -1912. 
Bovill, Sir Wm., F.R.S. : Eng. judge, 1814-1873. 
Bovlllus or Bonelles, Chas. : French mathematician 

and phUologist, 1470*-1550». 
Bovilius : See Bullock, Hy. 
Bovlus, Thos., ' Zephirielem ' : Italian emphric and 

alchemist, fl. 1590. 
Bowack, Jno. : English topographer, fl. 1737. 
Bowater, Sir Bdw. : Brit, lieut.-general, 1787-1861. 
Bowden, Jno. : Eng. Presbyt. divine, -1750. 
Bowden, Jno. : Amer. div. and author, 1751-1817. 
Bowden, Jno. Wm. : Eng. eccles. wr., 1798-1844. 
Bowden, Lemuel Jackson : Amer. senator, 1815-64. 
Bowden, M. P. ; English cricketer, 1865-1892. 
Bowden, Sam. : Eng. physn. and poet, fl. 1733-1761. 
Bowdich, Thos. Bdw. ; English-African traveller and 

author, 1790-1824. 
Bowditoh, Hy. Ingersoll: American physician and 

author, 1808- 
Bowditch, Nath. : American writer on navigation 

and mathematics, 1773-1838. 
Bowditch, Nath. I. : Amer. misceli. wr., 1805-1861. 
Bowdler, Henrietta Maria (Harriet) : English poetess 

and essayist, 1754-1830. 
Bowdler, Jane ; English authoress, 1743-1784. 



Bawdier, Jno. : English author, 1746-1823. 
Bowdler, Jno. : English author, 1783-1815. 
Bowdler, Thos., F.R.S. : English editor of ' Family 

Shakespeare,' 1754-1825. 
Bowdler, Thos. : Eng. div. and author, 1782-1856. 
Bowdoin, Jfls. : Amer. statesm. and author, 1727-90. 
Bowdoin, Jas. : American senator, diplomatist and 

benefactor, 1752-1811. 
Bowen, Chas. Synge Christopher, Baron Bowen ; 

EngUsh judge, 1835-1894. 
Bowen, Edw. Ern. : English schoolmaster and song 

writer, 1836-1901. 
Bowen, Eli : American author, 1824- 
Bowen, Fes. : American philosopher, writer, educa- 
tionist and journalist, 1811-1890. 
Bowen, Geo. Thos. : Amer. chemist, 1803-1828. 
Bowen, Sir Geo. Ferguson : British colonial governor 

and author, 1821-1899. 
Bowen, Jas. : Eng. pntr. and topog., -1774. 
Bowen, Jas. : British rear-admiral, 1751-1835. 
Bowen, Jas. ; Amer. major-general, 1808-1886. 
Bowen, Jno. : Eng. pntr. and geneal., 1756-1832. 
Bowen, Jno. : Bishop of Sierra Lp.one, 1815-1859. 
Bowen, Jno. 3. ; American soldier, 1829-1863. 
Bowen, Nath. : Amer. Bp. of S. Carolina, 1779-1830. 
Bowen, Oliver : Amer. naval officer, -1800. 
Bowen, Thos. : Eng. engraver of charts, -1790. 
Bower, Alex. : Scottish biographer, fl. 1804-18.TO. 
Bower, Arch. : Scot, ex- Jesuit and hist., 1686-1766. 
Bower (Bowers), Geo. : Eng. medallist, fl. 1681. 
Bower (Bowmaker), Walter : Scottish chronicler and 

Abbot of Inchcohn, 1385-14+9. 
Bowerbank, Jas. Scott, F.R.S. : English naturalist 

and palaeontologist, 1797-1877. 
Bowers, Geo. Hull : Dean of Manchester, 1794-1872. 
Bowers, Lloyd : American lawyer, 1859-1910. 
Bowers, Theod. S. : American soldier, 1832-1866. 
Bowes, And. Robinson Stoney : English politician 

and husband of Countess of Strathmore, 1745-1810. 
Bowes, Bliz. : Eng. disciple of John Knox, 1502*-68. 
Bowes, Sir Geo. : English leader in border warfare, 

1517-1566. 
Bowes, Sir Geo. : Eng. mil. commander, 1527-1580. 
Bowes, Sir Jerome : Eng. ambassador, -1616. 
Bowes, Jno. : Lord Cliano. of Ireland, 1690-1767. 
Bowes, Jno. : English preacher, 1804-1874. 
Bowes, Marraaduke ; Eng. R.C. martvr, -1585. 

Bowes, Sir Martin : Lord Mayor of London, 1500*-66. 
Bowes, Mary Eleanor: Ctss. of Stratbmore,1749-l,'ion. 
Bowes, Paul, F.R.S.: English editor of D'Ewes's 

Journals, -1702. 
Bowes, Sir Rob. : English military commander and 

lawyer, 1495»-1654. 
Bowes.Rob. : English ambassador to Scotland, 1535*- 

1597. 
Bowes, Thos. : English translator, fl. 1586. 
Bowes, Su-Wm. : Eng.mil. commander, 1389-1460*. 
Bowet, Hy. : Archbishop of York, -1423. 
Bowie, Jas. : Amer. soldier and pioneer, 1796-1836. 
Bowie, Jas. : English botanist, -1853. 
Bowie, Rob. : Governor of Maryland, 1750*-1818. 
Bowitsch, Ludw. : Austrian poet, 1818-1881. 
Bowlby, Thos. Wm. : English joxurnalist and prisoner 

in China, 1817-1860. 
Bowie (Bowles), Jno. : Bishop of Rochester, -1637. 
Bowie, Jno. : Eng. editor of Cervantes, 1725-1788. 
Bowler, Hy. Alex. : English painter, 1824-1903. 
Bowler, Metcalf : American patriot, 1730*- 
Bowler, Thos. Wm. : Eng. landscape pntr., -1869. 
Bowles, Car. Anne ; See Southey. 
Bowies, Edw. : Eng. Presbyt. minister, 1613-1662. 
Bowles, Sir Geo. : British general, 1787-1876. 
Bowles, Jno. : See Bowie. 
Bowles, Phlneas : British general, -1722. 
Bowles, Rob. Leamon : English physician and 

medical writer, 1834-1913. 
Bowles, Sam. : American joiurnalist, 1826-1878. 
Bowles, Wm. : Irish naturalist, 1705-1780. 
Bowles, Wm. Aug. : American adventurer, 1763-1 805. 
Bowles, Wm. Lisle ; English divine, poet and anti- 
quary, 1762-1850. 
Bowley, Rob. Kanzow : English amateur musician, 

1813-1870. 
Bowlin, Jas. Butler : Amer. lawyer and pol., 1804-94. 
Bowly, Sam. : EnglLsh slavery abolitionist and 

temperance advocate, 1802-1884. 
Bowman, Alex. Hamilton ; Amer. soldier, 1S03-65. 



76 



BOWMAN 



DICTIONARY OP UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BRACEGIRDLE 



Bowman, Eddowea ; Eng. Dissenting tutor, 1810-69. 
Bowman, Fes. Caswell : Americaa lawyer and 

musician, 1831-1884. 
Bowman, Hy. : BnK. music, and song wr., fi , 1 677. 
Bowman, Jno. Eddowes : English banlcer and 

naturalist, 1785-1841. 
Bowman, Sam. : Amer. Bp. of Pennsylvania, 1800-61. 
Bowman, Tlios. : Amer. M.B. bishop, 1817-1914. 
Bowman, Walter : Scot, antiquary, -1783. 
Bowman, Sir Wm., JF.B.S.: English ophthahnic 

surgeon, 1816-1892. 
Bownas, Sam. : Eng. Qualsermin. andwr.,1676-1753. 
Bownde (Boimd), Nlch. : Eng. div. and wr„ -1618. 
Bowne, Pet. : English physician, 1575*-1624*. 
Bowness,Wm. : English portrait painter, 1809-67. 
Bowring, Sir Jno., F.E.S.: English linguist, political 

economist, miscellaneous wr. and trav., 1792-1872. 
BowteU, Jno. : English topographer, 1753-1813. 
Bowyer, Sir Geo. : British admiral, 1740*-1800. 
Bowyer, Sir Geo. : Bnalish jurist, 1811-1883. 
Bowyer, Jno. : English criclceter, 1790-1880. 
Bowyer, Rob. : English miniature painter,1758-1834. 
Bowyer, Wm. : English printer, 1663-1737. 
Bowyer, Wm. : Eng. printer and scholar, 1699-1777. 
Box, Thos. ; English cricketer. 1843-1879. 
Boxall, Jno. : Sec. of State to Qn. Mary, -1571. 
Boxall, Sir Wm., Il.A., F.B..S. : English portrait 

pamter, 1800-1879. 
Boxberger, Boh. : German historian and man of 

letters, 1836-1890. 
Boxer, Edw. : British rear-admiral, 1784-1855. 
Boxhorn(lus), Marc Zuerius ; Dutch philologist, 

historian and antiquary, 1612-1653. 
Boy, Pet. : German painter, -1727. 
Boyce, Jas. Petigru : Amer. div. and author, 1827- 
Boyce, Sir Hubert Wm., F.R.S.; English physician, 

scientist and medical writer, 1863-1911. 
Boyce, Sam. : English dramatist, -1775. 
Boyce, Thos.: English divine and dram., -1793. 
Boyce, Wm. : English musical composer, 1710-1779. 
Boycott, Chas. Cunningham : victim of Irish Land 

League, 1832-1897. 
Boyd, And. H. Holmes : American divine, 1814-1865. 
Boyd, And. Kennedy Hutchinson : Scottish divine 

and miscellaneous writer, 1825-1899. 
Boyd, Arch. : Dean of Exeter, 1803-1883. 
Boyd, Ben. : English- Australian squatter, 1796-1851 . 
Boyd,Hy. : Irish poet and trans, of Dante, -1832. 
Boyd, Hugh : Irish essayist, 1746-1794. 
Boyd, Hugh Stuart : English Hellenist, 1781-1848. 
Boyd, Jas. ; Scot, schoolmaster and author,1795-1856. 
Boyd, Jas. B,. : American divine and professor of 

philosophy, 1804-1890. 
Boyd, Jno. Parker ; Amer. brig. -general, 1764-1830. 
Boyd, Linn : American statesman, 1800-1859. 
Boyd, Mark ; English author, 1805*-1879. 
Boyd, Mark Alex. : Scot. Latin scholar, 1563-1601. 
Boyd, Sob., Lord : Scottish statesman and regent, 

-1470». 
Boyd, Bob., 4th Lord Boyd : Scottish diplomatist, 

-1590. 
Boyd, Bob. : Scot, theological writer, 1678-1627. 
Boyd, Sir Bob. : British general and Governor of 

Gibraltar, 1710-1794. 
Boyd, Bob. : English writer on insanity, -1883. 
Boyd, Sir Thos. Jamieson : Scottish publisher and 

Lord Provost of Edinburgh, 1818-1902. 
Boyd, Walter : English ftnancier, 1754*-1837. 
Boyd, Wm. ; 4th Earl of Kilmarnock and Jacobite, 

1704-1746. 
Boyd, Wm. : Irish Presbyterian minister, -1772. 
Boyd, Zachary : Scot, divine and author, 1585*-1658. 
Boydell, Jno. : Lord Mayor of London, art publisher 

and engraver, 1719-1804. 
Boydell, Josiah : Welsh pntr. and engrav., 1752-1817. 
Boyden, Seth : American inventor, 1788-1870. 
Boyden, Uriah A. : American inventor, 1804-1879. 
Boyer, Abel: French lexicographer and miscel- 
laneous writer in England, 1667-1729. 
Boyer, Alexis : French surgeon, 1757-1883. 
Boyer, J. Bapt. Nic. : Fr. medical writer, 1693-1788. 
Boyer, Jean Pierre: Mulatto President of Havtl. 

1776-1850. 
Boyes, Card. : Fr. card, and archbishop, 1829-1896. 
Boyes, Jno. Fred. : Eng. classical schol., 1811-1879. 
Boyle, Chas., 4th Earl of Orrery : major-general and 
diplomatist, 1676-1731. 



77 



Boyle, Sir Courtenay, F.E.S. : British vice-admiral, 

1770-1844. 
Boyle,Sir Courtenay Edw. : Eng. Civ. 8erv.,1845-1901. 
Boyle, Dav., Lord Boyle : President of the Scottish 

Court of Sessions, 1772-1858. 
Boylo, Sir Edw. : EngUsh legal writer, 1848-1909. 
Boyle, Geo. Dav. : Scot. div. and hist, wr., 1828-1901. 
Boyle, Hy., Lord Carleton : English pol., -1725. 
Boyle, Hy., Earl of Shannon ; Speaker of the Irish 

House of Commons, 1682-1764. 
Boyle, Jeremiah TiHord : Amer. brig.-gen., 1818-71. 
Boyle, Jno. : Bishop of Boscarberry, Cork and 

Cloyne, 1563«-1620. 
Boyle, Jno. ; Earl of Cork and Orrery and littiSrateur, 

1707-1762. 
Boyle, Jno. : American jurist, 1774-1834. 
Boyle, Jno. Alex. : American soldier, 1816-1863. 
Boyle, Jmiius J. : Amer. naval officer, 1802*-1870. 
Boyle, Mich. : Bishop of Waterfoid and Lismore, 

1580*-1685. 
Boyle, Mich. : Archbishop of Armagh, 1609*-1702. 
Boyle, Murragh, Viscount Blessington : Irish drama- 
tist, -1712. 
Boyle, B. L. : Canadian soldier. -1915. 

Boyle, Bich. : 1st Ea. of Cork and statesm., 1566-1643. 
Boyle, Bich. : Archbishop of Tuam, -1645. 
Boyle, Bich. : Ist Earl of Burlington, 2nd Earl of 

Cork, 1612-1697. 
Boyle, Bich. : 3rd Earl of Burlington, 4th Earl of 

Cork, 1695-1758. 
Boyle, Bich. Vicars : Irish engineer, 1822-1908. 
Boyle, Bob. : Irish naturalist, philosopher and 

chemist, 1627-1691. 
Boyle, Bog., Ist Earl of Orrery : Boyalist general, 

statesman and writer, 1621-1679. 
Boyle, Bog. : Bishop of Clogher, 1617*-1687. 
Boylston, Nlch. : American merchant, 1716-1771. 
Boylston, Ward Mch. : Amer. loyalist, 1749-1828. 
Boylston, Zabdiel : Amer. physn. and nat., 1680-1766. 
Boyne, Viscount : See Hamilton, Gust. 
Boyne,Jno.: Irish pntr. .caricat.and engrav., -1810. 
Boynton, Chas. Brandon : Amer. div. and wr., 1806-83. 
Boynton, Edw. Carlisle : American soldier and 

anthor, 1825*- 
Boys (Boschus), Dav. : Eng. Carmelite, -1451. 
Boys, Edw. : English divine, 1599-1667. 
Boys, Edw. : British naval captain, 1785-1866. 
Boys, Jno. : Dean of Canterbury, 1571-1625. 
Boys, Jno. : See Bois. 

Boys, Jno. : Eng. trans, of Virgil, 1614»-1661. 
Boys, Sir Jno. : Eng. Boyalist mil. com., 1607-1664. 
Boys, Jno. : English agriculturist, 1749-1824. 
Boys, Jno. Jas. : English cricketer, 1855-1863. 
Boys, Thos. : Eng. theologian and antiq., 1792-1880. 
Boys, Thos. Shotter : EngUsh water-colour painter 

and lithographer, 1803-1874. 
Boys, Wm. : Eng. antiquary and topog., 1735-1803. 
Boyso, Jos. : Eng. Presbyterian divme, 1660-1728. 
Boyse, Sam. : Irish poet, 1708-1749. 
Boysen, Pet. Ad. : German philologist, 1690-1743. 
Boje, Claude Gros de: French antiquary and 

medallist, 1680-1758. 
Bozman, Jno. Leeds : American lawyer and author, 

1757-1823. 
Bozzaris: SeeBotzaris. 

Bozzasotra, Ant. : medical wr. at Naples, -1557. 
Brabant, Sir Edw. Yewd. : English-South- African 

general and politician, 1839-1914. 
Brabazon, Hercules Brabazon : English painter and 

musician, 1821-1906. 
Brabazon, Bog. le : English judge, -1317. 
Brabazon, Sir Wm. : vice-treasurer and Lord 

Justice of Ireland, -1552. 
Brabazon-Brabazon, Luke : English soldier and 

prisoner in China, 1834-1860. 
Brabourne, Theophllus : English divine and writer 

on the Sabbath question, 1590- 
Braooi, Dom. Aug. : Ital. archaeologist, 1717-1792*. 
Bxaeclo da fflontone. And. : ItaUan condottiere. 

1368-1424. 
Bracciolini, Poggio Gian-Franc. ; Italian humanist, 

BtaccloUni deUe Api, Franc. : Ital. poet, 1566-1645. 
Brace, Chas. Loring : Amer. philanthropist, 1826-90. 
Brace, Jno. Pierce : Amer. educationist, 1793-1872. 
Brace, Julia : Amer. blind deaf mute, 1806-1884. ' 
Braceghdle, Anne : English actress, 1674*-1748 



BRACEGIRDLE 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BRAHMA 



Bracegirdle, Jno. : Eng. div. and poet, -1613(4). 
Bracelli, Jac. : Spanish historian. 1400*-1460. 
Braohet, Aug. : French philologist. 1843-1898. 
Brachmann. Lulse Karoline : German poetess, 

1777-1822. 
Brachvogel, Alb, Emil : German dramatist and 

novelist, 1824-1878. 
Bracken, Hy. : Eng. wr. on farriery, 1697-1764. 
Bracken, Jno. : President of AVilliam and Mary 

College, America, -1818. 
Brackenbridge, Hy. M. : American judge and 

miscellaneous writer, 1786-1871. 
Brackenbridge, Hugh Hv. : American jurist and 

politician 1748-1816. 
Brackenbury, Chas. Booth : Brit, gen., 1831-1890. 
Braokonbury, Sir Edw. : Brit, soldier, 1785-1864. 
Brackenbury, Sir Hy. : British general and military 

writer, 1837-1914. 
Brackenbury, Jos. : English poet, 1788-1864. 
Brackenbury, Sir Rob. ; Constable of the Tower, 

-1485. 
Brackett, Alb. Gallatin : American brigadier-general 

and military writer, 1829- 
Brackett, Ant. : American soldier, -1689. 
Brackett, Edw. Aug. : Amer. sculptor, 1819- 
Brackett, Josh. : American physician, 1733-1802. 
Brackley, Thos. Esterton, Visct. : See Egerton. 
Braconnot, Hen. :'Fr. physiol. chemist, 1781-1865. 
Braeton (Bratton, Bretton), Hy. de : English 

ecclesiastic, jurist and judge, -1268. 
Bradberry (Bradbury), Dav. : English Nonconformist 

minister, 1736-1803. 
Bradbridge (Brodebridge), Wm. : Bishop of Exeter, 

1601-1578. 
Bradburn, Sam. ; En2. Methodist preacher,1751-1816. 
Bradbury, Geo. ; English judge, -1696. 
Bradbury, Hy. : Eng. wr. on printing, 1831-1860. 
Bradbury, Jas. Ware ; Amer. senator, 1805- 
Bradbury, Theophilus : Amer. jurist, 1739-1803. 
Bradbury, Thos., of Wakefield : Dissentinu preacher, 

1677-1759. 
Bradbury, Wm. Batchelder : Amer. music, 1816-68. 
Bradbury, Wm. Erothingham : American educa- 
tionist, 1829- 
Braddock, Edw. : British general, 1695-1755. 
Braddocke, Jno. : English divine, 1656-1719. 
Braddon, Sir Edw. Nich. Coventry : English- 
Australian statesman, 1829-1904. 
Braddon, Lawr. : English politician, -1724. 
Braddon, Marv Eliz. (Mrs. Maxwell) : English 

novelist, 1837-1915. 
Brade, Jas. : See Braid. 
Brade, Wm. : English musician, fl. 1594-1622. 
BradAeld, Hy. Jos. Steele : English surgeon and 

author, 1805-1852. 
Bradford, Earl of : See Newport, Fes. 
Bradford, Alden : Amer. miscell. writer, 1765-1843. 
Bradford, Alex. Warfleld : American jurist and 

legal writer, 1815-1867. 
Bradford, And. Sowles : Amer. printer, 1686-1742. 
Bradford, .iug. W. : Gov. of Maryland, ia05*-1881. 
Bradford, Sir Edw. Hidley Colborne : Anglo-Indian 

admin, and commiss. of London police, 1836-1911. 
Bradford; Gamaliel : Amer. revolut. sold., 1731-1807. 
Bradford, Gamaliel : American publicist and banker, 

1831-1911. 
Bradford, Jno. : Eng. Prot. martyr, 1510*-1555. 
Bradford, .Ino. : Welsh poet, -1780. 
Bradford, Jno. :' English Dissenting minister and 

author, 1750-1805. 
Bradford, Jos, : American journalist, 1843-1886. 
Bradford, Jos. M. : Amer. naval officer, 1824-1872. 
Bradford, Hob. : American soldier, 1750-1823. 
Bradford, Sam. ; Bishop of Rochester, 1652-1731. 
Bradford, Sir Thos. : British general, 1777-1853. 
Bradford, Wm. : 2nd Governor of Plymouth, New 

England, and historian, 1590-1657. 
Bradford. Wm. ; 1st printer in Pennsylvania, 1663- 

1752. 
Bradford, Wm. : Amer. printer and soldier, 1719-91. 
Bradford, Wm. : American lieutenant-colonel, judge 

and author, 1755-1795. 
Bradford, Wm. : Amer. physn. and pol., 1729-1808. 
Bradford, Wm. : Amer. pntr. of Arctic scene8,1827-92. 
Bradford, Wilmot Hy. : British general, 1815-1914. 
Bradick, Walter : English merchant at Lfebon and 

poet, 1706-1794. 



Bradish, Luther ; Amer. statesman, 1783-1863. 
Bradke, Pet. von: Russian- German Sanscrit scholar 

and philologist, 1853-1897. 
Bradlaugh, Chas. : English freethought advocate 

and politician, 1833-1891. 
Bradley, Chas. : English preacher and sermon 

writer, 1789-1871. 
Bradley, Edw. : Eng. miscell. writer, 1827-1889. 
Bradley, Geo. : English journalist, 1816-1863. 
Bradley, Geo. Granville : English divine, scholar 

and schoolmaster, 1821-1903. 
Bradley, Jas. : English astronomer, 1693-1762. 
Bradley, Katharine Harris (Mich. Field) : English 

poetess, -1914. 
Bradley, Ralph : English barrister, 1717-1788. 
Bradley, Rich., F.R.S. : English botanist and horti- 
cultural writer, -1732. 
Bradley, Steph. Row : American senator, 1754-1830. 
Bradley, Thos. : English divine, 1597-1670. 
Bradley, Thos. : English physician, 1751-1813. 
Bradley, Warren Ives : Amer. juvenile wr.. 1847-68. 
Bradley, Wm. : Eng. portrait painter, 1801-1857. 
Bradock, Thos. : English translator, H. 1576-1604. 
Bradshaigh, Rich. : See Barton. 
Bradshaw, Ann Maria : English actress and vocalist, 

1801-1862. 
Bradshaw, Geo. : English printer, publisher and 

originator of railway'guides, 1801-1853. 
Bradshaw, Hy. : English Benedictine and poet, 

145n*-1513. 
Bradshaw, Hv. ; Bntilish scholar, antiquary and 

librarian, 1831-1886. 
Bradshaw, Jas. : Eng. Ejected minister, 1636*-1702. 
Bradshaw, Ja.s. : Eng. Jacobite rebel, 1717-1746. 
Bradshaw, Jno. : English regicide, 1602-1659. 
Bradshaw, Jno. : Eng. political writer, fl. 1679. 
Bradshaw, Rich. : English diplomatist, fl. 1650. 
Bradshaw, Thos. : English poet, fl. 1591. 
Bradshaw, Wm. : English Puritan divine, 1571-1618. 
Bradshaw, Wm. : English hack writer, fl. 1700. 
Bradshaw, Wm. : Bishop of Bristol, 1671-1732. 
Bradshawe, Nich. : English theological writer and 

Fellow of Balliol College, Oxford, fl. 1636. 
Bradstreet, Anne : English poetess, 1612-1672. 
Bradstreet, Dudley : English adventurer, 1711-1763. 
Bradstreet, Jno. : Amer. major-general, 1711-1774. 
Bradstreet, Rob. : English poet, 1766-1836. 
Bradstreet, Sir Sam. : Irish judge, 1735*-1791. 
Bradstreet, Simon : Eng. colonial gov., 1603-1697. 
Bradwardine, Thos., ' Dr. Profundus ' : Archbishop 

of Canterbury, 1290*-1349. 
Brady, Sir Antonio : British admiralty official, 

1811-1881. 
Brady, Hy. Bowman, F.R.S. : English naturalist 

and pharmacist, 1835-1891. 
Brady, Hugh : Irish bishop, -1684. 
Brady, Hugh : American general, 1768-1851. 
Brady, Jas. Topham : Amer. lawyer and pol., 1815-69. 
Brady, Jno. : Eng. wr. on the calendar, -1814. 
Brady, Su: Maziere : Lord Chancellor of Ireland, 

1796-1871. 
Brady, Nich. ; Irish divine and versifler of the 

Psahns, 1659-1726. 
Brady, Rob. : Eng. physn. and historian, -1700. 
Brady, Thos. : Irish gen. in Austr. army, 1752-1827. 
Braekeleer, Hen. Jean Augustin de : Belgian 

painter, 1840-1888. 
Bragdon,Edm. E. Eastman : Amer. educat., 1812-62. 
Bragelongue, Christophe Bern, de : French mathe- 
matician, 1688-1744. 
Bragg, Braxton : Amer. confederate gen., 1817-76. 
Bragg, E. Stuyvesant : American federal major- 
general, 1827- 
Bragg, Phil. : Brit, lieutenant-general, -1759. 
Bragg, Thos. : Governor of North Carolma and 

confederate attorney-general, 1810-1872. 
Bragge, Wm. : Bug. engm. and antiq., 1823-1884. 
Brabam, Frances, Countess Waldegrave : See Walde- 

grave. 
Braham, Jno. : Eng, singer and comp., 1774*-1856. 
Braham^Rob. : Eng. wr. on the Trojan War., fl. 1555. 
Brahe, Per, Ct. : Swedish statesman, soldier and 

founder of University of Abo, 1602-1680. 
Brahe, Tyoho : Danish astronomer, 1546-1601. 
Brahm, Otto : German theatre dhector and writer 

on the drama, 1856-1912. 
Brahma Gupta : mathematician, fl. 500-600. 



78 



BRAHMS 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



Brahms, Johannes ; Germ.-Austr.muB. comp. ,1833-97. 
Braid, Jas. : Soot. wr. on hypnotism, 1795*-1860. 
Braidley, Ben. : English writer on Sunday schools, 

1792-1845. 
Braldwood, Jas. : Scottish superintendent of London 

file brigade, 1800-1861. 
Braidwood, Thos. ; Scottish teacher of deaf and 

dumb, 1715-1806. 
Braig, Augustin : Germ. Cath. theol., 1766-1821. 
Brailey, Wm. Arth. : English surgeon and medical 

writer, 1845-1915. 
Brallstord, Jno.,' The Elder ' : Eng. poet. fl. 1712-1739. 
Brailstord, Jno., ' The Younger ' : Eng. div., -1775. 
Brainard, Dan. ; American surgeon, 1812-1866. 
Biainard, Jno. G. Calkins : Amor, poet, 1796-1828. . 
Brainerd, Dav. : Amer. miss, to Indians, 1718-1747. 
Brafnerd, Jno. ; American missionary, 1720-1781. 
Brainerd, lawr. ; American senator, 1794-1870. 
Brainerd, Thos. : American Presbyterian divine and 

biographer, 1804-1866. 
Braithwaite, Jno. : English Quaker, fl. 1660. 
Braithwaite, Jno. : English historian, 1700*-17e8*. 
Braithwaite, Jno.,' The Elder ' : Eng. mech., -1818. 
Braithwaite, Jno., ' The Younger ' ; English engineer, 

1797-1870. 
Braithwaite, Elch. : See Brathwalt. 
Brakel, Jan van ; Dutch admiral, 1618-1690. 
Brakelonde, Jocelin de : See Jocelln. 
Brakenburg, Eeinier : Dutch painter, 1649- 
Brakenbury, Sir Bob. : See Braokenbury. 
Bramah, Jos. : English engineer and Inventor of 

Bramah press, 1748-1814. 
Bramann, Fritz von : German surgeon, 1854-1913. 
Bramante d*Urblno, ' Donato Lazzarl ' : Italian 

architect, painter, poet and musician, 1444*-1514. 
Bramantino, Augustin da Milanese : pntr., fl. 1525. 
Brambilla, Marietta : Italian vocalist, 1807*-1875. 
BrambiUa, Teresa : Italian vocalist, 1813-1895. 
Bramer, Leon. : Flemish hist, pntr., 1596-1650. 
Bramhall, Jno. : Archbp. of Armagh, 1594-1663. 
Bramis(Bromis) Jno.: MonkofThetford, fl. 14th cent. 
Bramlette, Thos. B. : Gov. of Kentucky, 1817-1875. 
Bramley, Frank, R.A. : English painter, 1857-1915. 
Bramley-DIoore, Jno. : Eng. merch. and pol., 1800-86. 
Brampton, Baron : See Hawkins, Sir Hy. 
Brampton, Ohas. ; English cricketer, 1828-1895. 
Brampton, Wm. de : Eng. chancellor, fl. 1274-1307. 
Bramston, Fes. : English judge, -1683. 
Bramston, Jas. : Eng. div. and satirist, 1694*-1744. 
Bramston, Jas. Yorke ; Eng. R.C. bishop, 1763-1836. 
Bramston, Sir Jno., ' The Elder ' : Lord Chief Justice, 

1577-165*. 
Bramston, Sir Jno., ' The Younger ' : English lawyer 

and autobiographer, 1611-1700. 
Bramwell, Sir Fred. Jos. : Eng. engineer, 1818-1903. 
Bramwell, Geo. Wm. Wllshere, Baron Bramwell : 

English judge, 1808-1892. 
Branca, GIov. : Italian architect, 1570*- 
Brancaleone, Dandolo : senator of Some, -1258. 
Brancas, Louis L. F., Duke of, Ct. de Lauraguais: 

savant, 1733-1824. 
Brancas Villeneuve, And. Fran;. : French cosmo- 

grapher, -1748. 
Brancastre (Bramcestre), Jno. de : English clerk in 

the exchequer and prebendary of Lincoln, -1218 . 
Branch, Jno. : sec. of the Amer. navy, 1782-1863. 
Branch, Lawr. O'Brien : Amer. brig.-gen., 1820-62. 
Branch, Thos. : English author of collection of 

legal maxims, fl. 1753. 
Branciforte, Mig. de la Grua Talamanca, Marqufe of : 

Viceroy of New Spain, fl. 1794. 
Brancker (Branker), Thos. : Eng. mathcm., 1633-76. 
Brand, Barbarlna, Lady Dacre (nie Ogle) ; English 

poetess, translator and dramatist, 1768-1854. 
Brand, Ernst : German physician and sanitary ex- 
pert, 1827-1897. 
Brand, Hannah : Eng. actress and dram., -1821. 
Brand, Sir Hy. Bouverle Wm., 1st Viscount Hamp- 
den : Speaker of the House of Commons,lsl4-lS92. 
Brand, Hv. Rob., 2nd Viscount Hampden ; English 

colonial governor, 1841-1906. 
Brand, Herb. Chas. Alex. : Eng. nav. oft., 1839-1901. 
Brand, Jac. : German bishop, 1776-1833. 
Brand, Jno. : Scottish divine and antiq., 1668*-1738. 
Brand, .Tno. : English divine, antiquarian and topo- 
grapher, 1744-1806. 
Brand, Jno. : Eng, divine and pol. wr., -1808. 



BRANTHWAITE 

Brand, Sir Jno. Hy. . President of the Orange Free 

State, 1823-1888. ,^„, 

Brand, Thos. : Eng. Nonconformist div., 1635-1691. 
Brandano, Aless, : Spanish historian, fl. 1689. 
Brandauo, A.nt. : Spanish historian and Abbot of 

Aicobaga, 1584-1637. 
Brandano, Franc. : Spanish historian, 1601-1683. 
Brandard, Rob. : English engraver, 1805-1862. 
Brande, Wm. Thos., F.K.S. : English chemist and 

editor, 1788-1866. 
Brandel, Pet., of Prague : portrait and historical 

painter, 1600-1739. 
Brandenburg, Fried. Wilh., Count of: Prussian 

general and statesman, 1792-1850. 
Brandenburg, Count Gu.stavus ; German diplomatist, 

1820-1909. 
Brandensteln, Karl Herm. Bernhard von : German 

general, 1831-1886. 
Brander, Geo. Fried. : German mechanic, 1713-1783. 
Brander, Gustavus, F.E.S. : English antiquary and 

naturalist, 1720-1 787. 
Brandes, Heul. Wilh. : Germ, physicist, 1777-1834. 
Brandes, Karl : German Benedictine, 1810-1867. 
Brandes, Kud. : German chemist, 1795-1842. 
Brandes, Wilh. : German vocalist, 1824-1871. 
Brand!, Giachito : Ital. historical painter, 1623-1691. 
Brandis, Christ. Aug. : German Hellenist, philologist 

and historian of philosophy, 1790-1867. 
Brandis, Sir Dietrich : German-Indian forest ad- 
ministrator and botanist, 1824-1907. 
Brandis, Eberhard, Baron von : German general and 

Minister of War, 1795-1884. 
Brandis, Joh. : German archaeologist, -1873. 
Brandl, Joh. : Germ, music, and comp., 1760-1837. 
BrandmttUer, Greg. : German painter, 1661-1691. 
Brandmtlller, Jac. : Germ. Biblical wr., 1565-1629. 
BrandmaUer, Joh. . German Hebrew professor at 

Basel, 1533-1596. 
Brandolese, Pi^tro : Italian bibliographer, 1754-1809. 
BrandolUni, Aurelio ' II Lippo ' : Italian poet and 

dl\ine, 1440*-1497. 
Brandon, Chas., Duke of Snflolk : favourite of 

Henry VIII., -1545. 

Brandon, Chas. : Duke of Suilolk, 1537'-1551. 
Brandon, Hy. : Duke of Sufl'olk, 1535-1551. 
Brandon, Jno. : English div. and rel. wr., fl. 1687. 
Brandon, Jno. Raph. : English architect and author, 

1817-1877. 
Brandon, Rich. : executioner of Chas. I., -1649. 
Brandon, Sam. : English dramatist, fl. 16th century. 
Brandon, Sir Thos. ; "English diplomatist, -1510. 
Brandram, Sam. : English reciter, 1824-1892. 
Brandreth, Ben. : English- Amer. physician, 1807-30. 
Brandreth, Jeremiah, ' Jeremiah Coke ' : English 

Insurgent, -1817. 
Brandreth, Jos. : English physician, 1746-1815. 
Brandreth, Thos. Shaw : English mathematician and 

classic, 1788-1873. 
Brandstetter, Fried. : German bookseller, 1803-1877. 
Brandt, Fes. Fred. : English barrister and author, 

1819-1874. 
Brandt, Fritz ; German opera director, 1854-1895. 
Brandt, Geo. : Swed. nat. philosopher, 1694-1768. 
Brandt, GSrard : Dutch eccles. historian, 1628-1685. 
Brandt, Heln. Franz : Germ, medallist, 1789-1845. 
Brandt, Joh. : German Jesuit and musical composer, 

1546<'-1601. 
Brandt, Joh. Fried. : Germ.-Riiss. nat., 1802-1879. 
Brandt, Martin Gottheb Wilh. : German educationist 

and writer, 1818-1894. 
Brandt, NIc. or Seb. : German chemist and dis- 
coverer of phosphorus, 1667*-1692*. 
Brandt, Seb., ■ Titio ' : Dutch poet, 1458-1520. 
Brandwood, Jas. : English Quaker, 1739-1826. 
Brantoot, Sur Arth. Mudge : Anglo-Indian surgeon- 
general, 1848-1914. 
Braniss, Christ. Jul. : Germ, philosopher, 1792-1873. 
Branker, Thos. : See Brancker. 
Brannan, Wm. Penn : Amer. port, pntr., -1866. 

Bransby, Jas. Hews : Eng. Unit, min., 1783-1847. 
Branston, Allen Rob.: Eng. wood engrav., 1778-1827. 
Brant (Brandt, Brantz), Joh. : See Brantz. 
Brant, Jos. (Thayendanegea) : Mohawk chief, 1742- 

1807. 
Brant, Seb. : Germ, humanist and satirist, 1457-21. 
BranthW.aite, Wm. : English translator of the Bible. 
-1620. 



79 



BRANTINGHAM 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BREGWIN 



Brantingham, Thos. de : Lord Treasurer and Bishop 

ot Exeter, -1394. 
Brantome, Pierre de Bourdeille, Seigneur and Abb4 
de : French historian and biographer, 1540*-]614. 
Brantz (Brantius), Joh. : Flemish savant, 1659-1639. 
Branwhite, Chas. : Eng. landscape pntr., 1817-1880. 
Branwhite, Nathan : Eng. pntr. and engrav., fl. 1825. 
Branwhite, Peregrine : Eng. minor poet, 1745-1795*. 
Braose, Phil, de : English warrior, fl. 1172. 
Braose, Wm. de : English rebel baron, -1211. 
Brarens, Heln. : Dan. wr. on navigation, 1751-1826. 
Brasart (Brassart), Johannes ■ Flemish musical 

composer and singer, fl. 1431. 
Brasteidge, Jos. : English autobiographer, 1743-1832. 
Brasbridge, Thos. : English divine and medical 

writer, 1547- 
Brasfcrigg (Bracebridge), Jno. : Bug. priest, fl. 1428. 
Brascassat, Jacques Raymond : French landscape, 

historical and animal painter, 1804-1867. 
Braschi, Oiam-Batt. : Italian Archbishop ot NIsibi 

and antiquary, 1664-1727. 
Erasdor, Pierre : French surgeon, 1721-1799. 
Brasher, Abr. : Amer. sold, and ballad wr., 1734-82. 
Brasidas : Spartan general, -B.C. 422. 
Brass (Brasse), Jno. : Eng. educat. wr., 1790--183S. 
Btassavola, Ant. Musa : Ital. med. writer, 1500-65. 
Brasseur de Bourlourg, Chas. Etienne : French ex- 
plorer and ethnographer, 1814-1874. 
Brassey, Annie (Anna) (nie Allnutt), Baroness: 

English traveller and authoress, 1839-1887. 
Brassey, Thos. : Eng. railway contractor, 1805-1870. 
Brassicanus (Kohlburger), Joh. Alex. : Swiss poet 

and philologist, 1600-1539. 
Brassicanus (Kohlburger), Joh. : German philologist, 

-1520». 
Brassin, Louis : Belg. plan, and comp., 1840-1884. 
Brathwait, Rich. : English poet, 15SS-1673. 
Bratianu (Bratlano), Ion C. : Roumanian states- 
man, 1821-1891. 
Brattle, Thos. : Amer. merchant and wr., 1657-171.?. 
Brattle, Wm. : American major-general and lovalist, 

1702*-1776. 
Bratton, Martha : American patriot, -1816. 
Brault : French general, 1839-1899. 
BratimuUei, Wilh. von : Austrian bookseller, 1807-84. 
Braun, Alex. Hein. : Germ, botanist, 1805-1877. 
Braun, Aug. Emil : Germ, archaeolofpst, 1809-1856. 
Biaun, Hein. ; Germ. pntr. and illustrator, 1862-1892. 
Braun, Isabella : Germ. wr. for the young, 1815-1886. 
Braun, Joh. Wllh. Jos. : German professor of 

theology, 1801-1863. 
Braun, Jul. : Germ. trav. and prof, otart, 1825-1869. 
Braun, Jul. : German physician, 1821-1878. 
Braun, Karl : German surgeon, 1822-1891. 
Braun, Kaspar : German wood carver and publisher, 

1807-1877. 
Braun, Paul von : German statesman, 1820-1892. 
Braun, Reinhold : German painter, 1821-1884. 
Braun, Sam. : Swiss-German explorer, 1680-1668, 
Braun- Wiesbaden, Karl : Germ.pol. and wr., 1822-93. 
Braund, Geo. Fred. : Austral, soldier, 1866-1915. 
Braune, Christ. Wilh. : German professor of medi- 
cine, 1831-1892. 
Braunhard, Wllh. : Germ, philologist, 1807-1866. 
Braunfels, Ludw. : German writer, 1810-1885. 
Brannmtiller, Benedict : (Jerman abbot and histo- 
rian, 1826-1898. 
Braut, Oust. : Austrian stenographer, 1842-1893. 
Brauweiler, Arnold von : Germ, merchant, 1473-1B52. 
Brauwer : Also see Brouwer. 
Brauwer, Adrian : Dutch painter, 1808-1640. 
Bravals, Aug. : French physicist, 1811-1863. 
Bravo, Barthdiemy : Spanish Jesuit, -1607. 
Bravo, Nich. : Mexican general, 1790*-1854. 
Bravo-Mmrlllo, Juan : Span, statesman, 1803-1873. 
Braxfleld, Lord : See Macqueen, Rob. 
Braxton, Carter : signer of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, 1736-1797. 
Bray, Anna Eliza Kempe : Eng. nov., 1790-1883. 
Bray, Caroline (n^ Hennell) : Bugllsh educational 

writer and friend of ' George Eliot," 1814-1906. 
Bray, Chas. : English philosopher and educational 

writer, 1811-1884. 
Bray, Edw. Atkyns : Eng. poet and wr., 1778-1857. 
Bray, Jac. van : Dutch hist, painter, 1604-1664. 
Bray, Jno, ; Bug. phyan. and botanist, fl. 1377. 
Bray, Sir Reg. : Eng. statesm. and archt., -1603. 



Bray, Salomon van : Dutch portrait painter, 1579- 

1664. 
Bray, Thos. : English divine, philanthropist and 

propagator of Christianity, 1656-1730. 
Bray, Thos. : Archbp. of Cashel and author, 1759-1820. 
Bray, Wm. : English cliaplain to Archbishop Laud, 

-1644. 
Bray, Wm. : Eng. antiq. and topog., 17S6-18S2. 
Bray-Steinbnrg, Otto Camlllus Hugo, Count von : 

German statesman and diplomatist, 1807-1899. 
Braybroc, Hy. de : English judge, -1234*. 
Braybroke, Rob. de : English ecclesiastic and judge, 

-1404. 
Braybrooke, Barons : See Neville. 
Biayley, Edw. Wedlake : English topographer and 

archsBOlogist, 1773-1854. 
Brayley, Edw. Wm. : Eng. writer on science, 1802-70. 
Brayn, Sir Rich. : Eng. surg. and alienist, 1860-1912. 
Brayne, Wm. ; (Sovernor of Jamaica, -1657. 
Brayton, Chas. B. : American general and politician, 

1840-1910. 
Brazza, Pierre Paul Franc. Camille Savorgnan de, 

Ot. : French explorer and admin., 1852-1905. 
Breadalbane, Earls of : See Campbell. 
Breakspear, Nich. : See Adrian IV., Pope. 
BrearcliSe, Jno : See Briercliffe. 
Brearly, Dav. ; American jurist, 1746-1790. 
Breathitt, Jno.i: Governor of Kentucky, 1788-1834. 
Breaut{§, Falkes de: Norman-English adventurer, 

-1226. 
Brebeut, Guil de : Fr. poet and trans., 1618-1661. 
Biebeuf, Jean de : French Jesuit missionary to 

Canada, 1593-1849. 
Breblette, Pierre : French painter and engraver, 

159S{S)-ante 1650. 
Biebner, Jno. : S. African statesman, -1902. 
Brechin, Sh: Dav. : lord of Brechin, -1321. 
Bieck, Dan. : American jurist, 1788-1871. 
Breck, Jas. Lloyd : American divine, 1818-1876. 
Breok, Rob. : American divine, 1718-1784. 
Breck, Sam. : American merchant and historical 

writer, 1771-1862. 
Breckberg (Berkheyden), Ger. : Dutch painter, 1645- 

1693. 
Breckberg (Berkheyden), Job : Dutch pntr., 1628-98. 
Breckenridge, J. : American divine, 1797-1841. 
Breokenridge, Jas. : American lawyer, 1763-1846. 
Breckenridge, Jno. : Amer. statesman, 1760-1806. 
Breckenridge, Rob. Jefl. : American divine and 

writer, 1800-1871. 
Breckinridge, Jno. Cabell : Vice-President of the 

U.S.A. and soldier, 1821-1875. 
Brecourt, Guil. Marooureau de : French poet and 

actor, -1685. 

Breda, Jac. van : Dutch physicist, 1743-1818. 
Breda, Jan Franz van : Flemish painter, 1683-1750. 
Breda, Pet. van : lands, pntr. of Antwerp, 1630-81(9). 
Bredael, Jan Franz van : See Breda. 
Bredenkamp, Herm. : Germ, philol., 1760-1808. 
Brederode, Hend. van, Ct. : Dutch patriot, 1531-68. 
Bredow, Fried. Wilh. Adalbert von : German general, 

1814-1890. 
Bredow, Gottf. Gab. . German philologist and 

historian, 1773-1814. 
Bree, Matthias Ignatius van : Flemish historical 

painter, sculptor and architect, 1773-1839. 
Bree, Rob., F.R.S. : English physician, 1759-1839. 
Breeks, Jas. Wilkinson : Eng. archseol., 1830-1872. 
Breen, Hy. Hegart : Irish- West-Indian ofiicial and 

author, 1805- 
Breen, Jas. : Irish astronomer, 1826-1866. 
Breen, Pat. ; Irish-American pioneer, -1868. 
Breenberg, Bart. : Dutch lands, pntr., 1620-1660. 
Breese, Kidder Randolph : Amer. nav. oef., 1831-81, 
Breese, Sam. Livingstone : American rear-admiral. 

1794-1870. 
Breese, Sidney : American jurist, 1800-1878. 
Brefeld, Ludw. von : Germ, statesman, 1847-1907. 
Bregno, Ant. (Rizzo) ; Italian sculptor and archi- 
tect, fl. 1490. 
Bregno, Lor. : Venetian sculptor, fl. 1503. 
Bregno, Paolo : Venetian architect, 15th century. 
Breguet, Abr. Louis, of Paris : Swiss watchmaker, 

1747-1823. 
Bregnlires, Jean Gull. : Fr. naturalist, 1760*-1800. 
Bregwin (Bregowine) : Archbishop of Canterbury, 
-765. 



80 



BREGT 



DICTIONARY OP UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BREWER 



Bregy, Charl. Chaumaise de Chazan, CtsB, de : French 

poetess, beauty and wit, 1619-1693. 
Brehm, All. : German naturali<t. 1829-1884. 
Brehmer, Herm. : German physician, 1826-1889. 
Breidenstein, Hein. Karl : Germ, music, 1796-1876. 
Breislsy, Aug. : Bohemian gynecologist, 1832-1889. 
Brelslak, Sciplone : Italian geologist, 1748-1826. 
Breitenbauch, Geo. Aug. von : Germ. hist.. 1731-1817. 
Breithaupt, Joh. Fried, Aug. : German mineralogist, 

1791-1873. 
Breitinger, Heln. : German man of letters and 

phUologist, 1832-1889. 
Breitinger, Joh. Jac. : German Hebraist and Hellen- 
ist, 1731-1776. 
Breitkojit, Bernhard Chrlstoph : German publisher 

and prhiter, 1695-1777. 
Breitkopf (Laticephalus), Greg. : German prof easor of 

theology, -1529. 
Breitkopf, Joh. Gottlob Eman. : German printer and 

music publisher, 1719-1794. 
Brekelenkam, Quiryn van : Dutch pntr., 1625-1668 . 
Brekell, Jno. : Bng. Presbyterian divine, 1697-1769. 
Brembre, SirNich.: Ld. Mayor of London, -1388. 
Bremer, Fredrika ; Swedish novelist, 1801-1865. 
Bremer, Sir Jaa. Jno. Gordon ; British rear-admiral, 

1786-1850. 
Bremer, Joh. Chrlstoph : Germ, lexlcog., 1754- 
Breml, Joh.Hein. : Germ, philol. and theol.,1772-1837 . 
Bremner, Jas. ; Scottish engineer and ship-raiser, 

1784-1856. 
Bremner, Bob. : Scot, music publisher, -1789. 
Bremond, Fran?, de : writer of Paris, 1713-1742. 
Brenan, — : Irish painter and dramatist, fl. 1756. 
Brenan, Jno. : Irish physn. and satirist, 1768«-1830. 
Brenan, Jos. : American poet, 1829-1857. 
Brenehley, Julius Lucius : Bng. trav. and wr., 1816-73. 
Brendan (Brenainn), of Birr : Irish saint, 490*-573. 
Brendan (Brenainn), of Clonfert : Irish saint and 

hero, 484*-578. 
Brendel, Karl Franz : Germ. wr. on music, 1811-63. 
Brennan, Maggie : English actress, 1838-1913. 
Brennecke, Adolf Wilh. Herm. : Germ, wr., 1841-92. 
Brenner, Abb6 : Hungarian historian, fl. 1739. 
Brenner,Em. : Swiss presidentandjurist,1855-1911. 
Brenner, Fried. : Germ. Catholic theol., 1784-1848. 
Brenner, Hein., of Stockholm : Orient., 1669-1732. 
Brenner, Rich. : Germ.-Austr. traveller, 1833-1874. 
Brennus : Gallic chief, invader of Italy, fl. B.C. 390. 
Brennus : Gallic chief, invader of Greece, fl. B.C. 279. 
Brent, Charl. (Mrs. Pinto) ; Eng. voc., -1802. 
Brent, Hy. Jolmson : American author, 1811-1880. 
Brent, Jno. : Eng. antiquary and novelist, 1808-82. 
Brent, Sir Nath. : Warden of Merton College, Oxford, 

and writer, 1573»-1652. 
Brent, Rich. : American senator, -1814. 
Brentano, Clemens : Germ, poet and nov., 1778-1842. 
Brentano, Lor. : German-American journalist and 

diplomatist, 1813-1891. 
Brentano, Simon : American publisher and writer on 

Are prevention, -1915. 

Brentford, Earl of : See Euthven. 
Brentlus (Brentzeu), Joh. : German Lutheran 

divine, 1499-1570. 
Brenton, Edw. Pelham : British naval captain and 

naval historian, 1774-1839. 
Brenton, Sir Jahleel : British admiral, 1770-1844. 
Brenton, Sam. : Amer.div. and congressman, 1810-57. 
Brenton, Wm. : Gov. of Rhode Island, -1674. 
Brenz, Joh. : Germ. Lutheran divine, 1499-1570. 
Br4quigny, Louis Geo. Oudard Feudrix de : French 

historian and antiquary, 1714-1795. 
Brereley, Jno. : See Anderton, Jas. 
Brereley (Brierley), Roger : English divine and poet, 

1586-1637. 
Brereton, Jane : English poetess, 1685-1740. 
Brereton, Jno. : English voyager to New England and 

writer on America, fl. 1603. 
Brereton, Jos. Lloyd : English educationist and 

poet, 1822-1901. 
Brereton, Owen Salnsbury : Bng. antiq., 1715-98. 
Brereton, Thos. : English dramatist, 1691-1722. 
Brereton, Thos. : Brit, lieutenant-colonel, 1782-1832. 
Brereton, Sir Wm. : Ld. Justice in Ireland, -1541 . 
Brereton, Sir Wm. : Eng. pari, commander, 1604-61. 
Brereton, Sir Wm. : Brit, military com., 1789-1864. 
Brerewood (Bryerwood), Edw. : English antiquary 

and mathematician, 1565*-1613. 



Brerewood, Sir Rob. : English judge, 1688-1654. 

Brerewood, Thos. : Bng. poetical \vriter, -1748, 

Brescianino, Messer Girolamo : See Muziano. 

Brese, Joh. Leop. Ludw. von : Germ, gen., 1787-1878. 

Bresmal, Jean Fran?. : med. wr. at Li6gp, 1670*- 

Bressand, Fried. Christ. : German theatre director, 
-1699. 

Bressanl, Franc. Gius. : Ital. Jesuit miss,, 1612-1672. 

Bressano, Girolamo : See Muziano. 

Brsssant, Jean Bapt. Prosper : Fr. actor, 1815-1886. 

Bret, Ant. : French writer and poet, 1717-1792. 

Breteuil, Louis Chas. Aug. le Tonnelier : French 
diplomatist, 1730-1807. 

Bretex, Jacques : French troubadour, fl. 1285. 

Bretland, Jos. : Eng. Dissenting minister, 1742-1819. 

Bretnor, Thos. : Bng. almanac maker, fl. 1607-1618. 

Breton, Gull. : See Brito Gnlielmus. 

Breton, Jno. le : Bishop ol Hereford, -1275. 

Breton, Jules Ad. Alm6 Louis : French painter, poet 
and writer on art, 1827-1906. 

Breton, Nich. : Bn^h poet, 1545*-1626. 

Breton, Raimond : Fr. miss, to West Indies, 1609-79. 

Breton, Wm. : See Briton. 

Briton de los Herreros, Man., 1796-1873. 

Bretonneau, Fran?. : Jesuit of Tours and biographer, 
1660-1741. 

Bretschneider, Carl Ant. : Germ, mathem., 1808- 

Bretschneider, Fried. Wilh. Theod. : German en- 
graver, 1821-1878. 

Bretschneider, Hein. Gottf. von ; Hungarian writer, 
1739-1810. 

Bretsehneider, Karl Gottlieb ; German scholar and 
theologian, 1776-1848. 

Brett, Aith. : English poet, -1677*. 

Brett, Geo. : See Keynes. 

Brett, Hy. : British colonel, -1724. 

Brett, Jno. ; British naval captain, -1785. 

Brett, Jno. : French marine painter, 1831-1902. 

Brett, Jno. Watklns ; English telegraphic engineer, 
1805-1863. 

Brett, Sfr Piercy : British admiral, 1709-1781. 

Brett, Rich. : BngUsh divine, 1660*-1637. 

Brett, Hob. : EngUsh surgeon, 1808-1874. 

Brett, Thos. ; Eng. nonjurhig divine, 1667-1744. 

Brett, Wm, Baliol, Visct. Bsher : Bng. judge, 1815-99. 

Brettargh, Kath. : English Puritan, 1579-1601. 

Brettell, Jac. : Bng. Unitarian minister, 1793-1862. 

Brettinger, Joh. Jac, of Zurich : Hebraist and writer, 
1701»-1776. 

Brettingham, Matth. : Eng. architect, 1699-1769. 

Brettlngham, Bob. Furze : Eng. archt., 1750-1806*. 

Brendel, Adam : anatomist and botanist at Wittem- 
berg, fl. 1700. 

Brendel, Joh. (3ottf. : anat. at (Jottingen, 1711 *-58. 

Breughel, Jan, ' Velvet Breughel ' : Flemish land- 
scape painter, 1568-1625. 

Breaghel, Pieter, ' Old Breughel ' : Dutch painter, 
1530*— 1569. 

Breughel, Pieter, ' Hellish ' : Flem. pntr., 1564*-1637. 

Breul, Jacques du : French Benedictine and anti- 
quary, 1528-1614. 

Breunlng, Hel6ne {nle von Kerich) : German friend 
of Beethoven, fl. 1770-1777. 

Brennlng, Steph. : German friend of Beethoven, 
177*-1827. 

Brensing, Arth. : (3«rman writer on navigation and 
geography, 1818-1892. 

Breval, Jno. Durant : BngUsh officer and miscel- 
laneous writer, 1680*-1739. 

Brevard, Ephraim : American patriot, 1760*-1788*. 

Breventano, Steph. : Italian historian, -1577. 

Brevint (Brevln), Dan. : Dean of Lincoln, 1616-1695. 

Brevoort, Hy. : American writer, 1791-1874. 

Brevoort, Jaa. Carson : American scholar and col- 
lector, 1818-1887. 

Brewer, Antony : Bng. poet and dramatist, fl. 1656. 

Brewer, Dav. Joslah : American judge, 1837-1910 

Brewer, Eben. (Jobham : Eng. miscell. wr., 1810-97. 

Brewer, Gardner : Amer. merchant and pol., 1806-74 

Brewer, Geo. : Eng. miscellaneous writer, 1766- 

Brewer, Jas. Norris : English topographer and 
novelist, fl. 1799-1829. «■ o- r 

Brewer, Jeholada ; Bng. Dissenting mln., 1752*-1817 

Brewer, Jno. : Bng. Benedictine monk, 1744-1822. 

Brewer, Jno. Sherren : English historian, 1810-1879. 

Brewer, Josiah : American missionary, 1796-1872 

Brewer, Sam. : English botanist, -1748*. 



81 



BREWER 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BRIGNOLLE-SALE 



Brewer, Thos. : English miscellaneous writer and 
musical composer, 1611- 

Brewer, Thos. Mayo : Amer. naturalist, 1814-1880. 

Brewer (Briwere, Bruer), Wm. : English baron and 
judge, -1226. 

Brewerton, Hy. : American brig.-general, -1879. 

Brewster, Abr. : Lord Chano. of Ireland, 1796-1874. 

Brewster, Ben. Harris : American lawyer and 
politician, 1818-1888. 

Brewster, Chas. Warren : Amer. journalist, 1812-68. 

Brewster, Sir Dav., F.R.S. : Scottish natural philo- 
sopher, 1781-1868. 

Brewster, Sir Fes. : Irish wr. on trade, -1704. 

Brewster, Jas. : Amer. manuf . and benef., 1788-1866. 

Brewster, Jno. ; English author, 1753-1842. 

Brewster, Pat. : Scottish divine, 1788-1859. 

Brewster, Thos. : English translator, 1705- 

Brewster, Wm. : founder of Plymouth, New England, 
1566*-1644. 

Brewster, Wm. B. : Amer. brig.-general, -1889. 

Brewtnall, Edw. Fred. : English painter, 1846-1902. 

Breydel, Franz : Flemish painter, 1679-1750. 

Breydel, Karl, ' Cavalier ' : Flemish landscape 
painter, 1677-1744. 

Breymann, Adolf Aug. Wilh.: Germ, sculp., 1839-78'. 

Breymann, Herm. : German philologist, 1843-1910. 

Breynlus, Jac. B., of Dantzic ; botanist, 1637-1697. 

Brialmont, Hen. Alexis : Belgian general and 
miUtary engtaeer, 1821-1903.' 

Brian (Brian, Cennedlgh) : Eg. of Ireland, 926-1014, 

Briant ; See also Bryan. 

Briant, Alex. : English Jesuit, 1553-1581. 

Brice, And. : English prmter, 1690-1773. 

Brice, Ben. W. : Amer. brig.-general, 1809-1892. 

Brice (Bryce), Edw. : first Presbyterian minister in 
Ireland, 1569»-1836. 

Brice, Thos. : English martyrologist, -1570. 

Brice, Wm. Seward : Eng. legal writer, 1846-1914. 

BrIeefio,Alonso, Bp.of Caracas : S.Amer. theol.,fl. 1610. 

Brlceiio, Ant. Moolas : revolutionary chief of 
Venezuela, -1813. 

Brlcle (Brioins, Brixlus) : Bp. of Moray, -1222. 

Brickett, Jas. : Amer. brig.-general, 1737-1818. 

Bricmore (Brichemore, Brygemoore), H., ' Sophista ' : 
English scholastic, 11. 14th century. 

BrI;onnet, Gull. : Cardinal of St. Malo, -1514. 

Bridaine, Jacques ; French itinerant Soman 
Catholic preacher, 1701-1767. 

Brldault, Jean Pierre : French writer, -1761. 

Bride, Saint : See Brigit. 

Bridell, Fred. lee : Eng. landscape painter, 1831-63. 

Bridecake, Balph : Bishop of Chichester, 1613-1678. 

Bridtertb : See Byrhtferth. 

Bridge, Bewick, F.B.S. : Eng. mathem., 1767-1833. 

Bridge, Horatio : American naval oflQcer, 1806-1893. 

Bridge (Bridges), Uioh. : Eng. organ builder, fl. 1750. 

Bridge, Thos. Wm., F.B.S. : Eng. zool., 1848-1909. 

Bridge, Wm. : Eng. Noncpnf. divine, 1600*-1670. 

Bridgeman, Chas. : See Bfidgman. 

Bridgeman, Hy. : Bp. of Sodor and Man, 1615-1682. 

Bridgeman, Jno. ; Bishop of Chester, 1577-1652. 

Bridgeman, Shr Orlando : Eng. Ld. Eeeper, 1606*-74. 

Bridges : See also Brydges. 

Bridges, Chas. : Eng. Evangelical divine, 1794-1869. 

Bridges, Geo. Wash. ; Amer. lawyer and pol., 1821-73. 

Bridges, Su- Jno. : Ist Baron Chandos, 1490*-1666. 

Bridges, Jno. : Bp.of Oxf. and controvers., -1618. 

Bridges, Jno. : Eng. antiq. and topog., 1666-1724. 

Bridges, Jno. Hy. : English positivist and miscell- 
aneous writer, 1832-1906. 

Bridges, Noah : English stenographer and mathe- 
matician, fl. 1661. 

Bridges, Rob. : Eng. colonial u:onfactor, fl. 1645. 

Bridges, Thos. : Eng. dram, and parodist, fl. 1759-75 . 

Bridges, Wm. Throsby : Austral, gen., 1861-1915. 

Bridget, Saint : See also Brigit. 

Bridget, St. : Swedish founder of Abbey of Wad- 
stena, 1302*-1373. 

Bridgetower, Geo. Aug. Polgreen : Polish violinist, 
1779»-1840*. 

Bridgett, Thos. Edw. : BngUsh Roman CathoUo 
priest and writer on reformation, 1829-1899. 

Bridgewater, Dukes and Earls of : See Egerton. 

Bridgewater, Fes. Matth, : Eng. journ., 1851-1915. 

Bridgewater, Jno. (Aquepontanus) : English Roman 
Catholic divine, 1532*-1596*. 

Bridgman, Chas. ; English royal gardener, -1738, 



Bridgman, Laura Dewey : American blind deaf- 
mute, 1829-1889. 

Bridgman, Rich. WhaUey : English writer on law, 
1761*-1820. 

Bridlington, Jno. de. Saint : See John. 

Bridport, Baron : See Hood, Alex. 

Bridpbrt (Bridlesford), Giles of : Bishop of Salisbury, 
-1262. 

Briegel, Wolfgang Karl : German musical composer, 
1626-1712. 

Briegleb, Hans Karl : Germ, jurist, 1805-1879. 

Briegle)), Joh. Christ. : Germ, philologist, 1741-1805. 

Brienne, Gauthier de : French crusader at Acre, 
-1205. 

Brienne, Gauthier de : French crusader, -1251. 

Brienne, Gauthier de, Duke of Athens : constable of 
France, -1356. 

Brienne, Jean de ; King of Jerusalem and Emperor 
of Constantinople, 1148-1237. 

BriercllBe (BrearcUfle), Jno. : English antiq.,1609*-82. 

Brierley, Ben. : Eng. Lancashire dialect wr., 1825-98. 

Brierley, Jon. : English Nonconformist divine and 
religious writer, 1843-1914. 

Brierley, Roger : See Brereley. 

Brlerly, Sir Oswald Walters : English marine 
painter, 1817-1894. 

Briesen, Alf. A. C. von : Germ, general, 1849-1914. 

Brlet (Brietius), Phil. : French historical and geo- 
graphical writer, 1601-1668. 

Brieuo, St., 409*-502. 

Briggs, Amos : Amer. manuf. and pol., 1795-1874. 

Briggs, Caleb : American geologist, 1812-1884. 

Briggs, Chas. Aug. : American tlieologian, contro- 
versialist and divine, 1841-1913. 

Briggs, Chas. Fred. : American author, 1804-1877. 

Briggs, Geo. Nixon : civilian of Mass., 1796-1861. 

Briggs, Hy. ; English mathematician, 1556-1630. 

Briggs, Hy. Perronet, R.A. : Eng. pntr., 1793-1844. 

Briggs, Jno. : Eng. R.C. Bp. of Beverley, 1788-1861. 

Briggs, Jno. : Anglo-Indian ofdcer, 1785-1875. 

Briggs, Jno. : EngUsh cricketer, 1862-1902. 

Briggs, Jno. Jos. : Eng. nat. and topog., 1819-1876. 

Briggs, Sir Jno. Thos. : Eng. nav. official, 1781-1865. 

Briggs, Jos. Wm. : Amer. postal reformer, 1813-72. 

Briggs, Wm. : Eng. physn. and oculist, 1642-1704. 

Brigham, Amariah : Amer. physn. and wr., 1798-1849. 

Brigham, Chas. Hy. ; Amer. div. and author, 1820-79. 

Brigham, Nic. : Eng. poet and scholar, -1558. 

Brigham, Paul : American major-general and Lieu- 
tenant-Governor of Windsor County,Vt.,1745-I824. 

Brighenti (Brighetti), Maria {n4e Giorgi) : Italian 
vocalist, 1792- 

Bright, Chas. Edw. : Austral, commiss., fl. 1880. 

Bright, Sir Ciias. Tilston : English telegraph engineer, 
1832-1888. 

Bright, Edm., of Maiden ; English fat man — weight, 
616 lb., 1721-1750. 

Bright, Edw. Brailsford : English telegraph engmeer, 
1831-1913. 

Bright, Hy. : Eng. water-colour pntr., 1814-1873. 

Bright, Hy. Arth. : English merchant and author, 
1830-1884. 

Bright, Jac. : English politician, 1821-1899. 

Bright, Jesse D. : American senator, 1812-1875. 

Bright, Sir Jno. : Eng. parliamentarian, 1619-88. 

Bright, Jno. : English physician, 1783-1870. 

Bright, Jno. : Eng. statesm. and orator, 1811-1889. 

Bright, Jon. Brown : American genealogist, 1800-79. 

Bright, Mynors : English decipherer of Pepys' Diary, 
1818-1883. 

Bright, Rich., F.R.S. : English physician and 
medical writer, 1789-1858. 

Bright, Tim. : English divine, physician and inventor 
of modern shorthand, 1551*-1615. 

Bright, Wm. : English Church historian, devotional 
and hymn writer, 1824-1901. 

Brightly, Fred. Chas. : Amer. lawyer, 1812-1888. 

Brightman, Thos. : Eng. Bibl. comment., 1562-1807. 

Brightwell, Cecilia Lucy : English etcher and 
authoress, 1811-1875. 

Brightwen, Eliza (rUe Elder) : Soot, nat., 1830-1906. 

Brigit : saint of Kildare, 453-523. 

Brignoli, Pasquale : Neapolitan vocalist, 1824-1884. 

BrignoUe-Sale, Ant. Jul., Marquis de Groppoli : 
Italian poet, 1605-1665. 

BrlgnoUe-Sale, Giov. Franc. : Doge of Genoa, 
1695-1760. 



82 



BRIGSTOCKE 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BROCQUIEBE 



Brigstocke, Thoa. : English port, pntr., 1809-1881. 
Brlhtnoth : ealdorman of the E. Saxons, -991. 
Brlhtric : See Beorhtric. 
Brihtwald : Arohbp. of Canterbury, 650*-731. 
Bilhtwold : 8th Bp. of Ramsbury, -1045. 
Bril, Matth. : Flcm. lands, painter, 1550-1684. 
Bril, Paul : Plem. lands, painter, 1554-1626. 
Brillat-Savarin. Anthelme : French magistrate, 

gastronomist and author, 1755-1826. 
BriUowski, Ant. Hein. J. : Germ, philol., 1799- 
Brimley, Geo. : English essayist, 1819-1857. 
Brin, Benedetto : Italian statesman and naval 

architect, 1833-1898. 
Brinckmeler, Joh. Pet. Ludw. Eduard : German 

writer, 1811-1897. 
Brinckmann, Joh. Pet. ; German professor of 

medicine, 1746-1785. 
Brinckmann, Karl Gust, von : Swedish-German 

diplomatist, 1764-1847. 
Brind, Sir Jas. : English general, 1808-1888. 
Brlnd, Rich. : English organist, -1718. 
Brindley, Jas. : English mechanician and canal 

engineer, 1716-1772. 
Brine, Jao. : English Baptist minister, 1703-1765. 
Brink, Barend ten : Dutch philologist, 1841-1892. 
Brink, Jan ten : Dutch philologist, 1771-1849. 
Brinkelow, Hy. : English satirist, -1546. 
BrlnkerhoS, Jac. : Amer. jurist and pol., 1810-1880. 
Brlnkley, Frank : English soldier and mathematician 

in Japanese service and writer on the Far East, 

1841-1912. 
Brinkley, Jno., F.R.S. : Bishop of Cloyne and 

astronomer, 1763-1836. 
Biinknell (Brynknell), Ihos. : English prelate and 

professor of divinity, . -1539*. 
Brlnley, Fes. : American author, 1800-1889. 
Brinley, Geo. : Amer. book collector, 1817-1875. 
Brinsley, Jno., ' The Elder ' : English Puritan divine, 

fl. 1633. 
Brinsley, Jno., ' The Younger ' : English Puritan 

divine, fl. 1660-1665. 
Brlnton, Dan. Garrison : American archaeologist and 

ethnologist, 1837-1899. 
Brinton (Brunton), Thos. : Bishop of Eochester, 

-1389. 
Brinton, Wm. : Eng. physn. and med. wr., 1823-67. 
BrinvUllers, Marie Madeleine Marguerite d'Aubray, 

Marquise : French poisoner, 1630*-1676. 
Brinz, Alois : Germ, jurist and politician, 1820-1887. 
Brion, Gust. : French painter, 1824-1877. 
Brion, Luis : Colombian naval olBcer, 1782-1821. 
Briosco, Andrea : Ital. sculp, and archt., 1470*-1532. 
Brlot, Nich. : English medallist and coin engraver, 

1579-1646. 
Brlot, Pierre Frang., of Besanpon : physician and 

medical writer, 1773-1826. 
Brlot, Pierre Jos. : French statesman, 1771-1827. 
Briquemault, Franp. de Beauvais, Seigneur de : 

French Huguenot leader, 1502*-1572. 
Brisbane, Abbott Hall: Amer. mil. engin., -1861. 
Brlstiane, Sir Chas. : Brit, rear-admiral, 1769*-1829. 
Brisbane, Sir Jas. : Brit, commodore, 1774-1826. 
Brisbane, Jno. : Scottish physician and medical 

writer, -1776*. 
Brisbane, Sir Thos. Makdougall- : British general and 

asitronomer, 1773-1860. 
Brisbane, Wm. H. : Amer. anti-slavery divine, 1803*- 

1878. 
Briscbar, Joh. Ncpomuk ; Germ, cedes, hist.,1819-97. 
Brlseux, Chas. Etienne : Fr. archt., 1680*-1754. 
Brissac : See Coss€. 

Brissaud, Bdouard : Fr. med. sclent., 1862-1909. 
Brisseau, Pierre : Fr. medical writer, 1631-1717. 
Brisson, Bamab^ : Fr. lawyer and philol., 1631-91. 
Brisson, Bugtoe Hen. : Fr. statesman, 1835-1912. 
Brisson, Mathurin Jacques : French chemist and 

naturalist, 1723-1806. 
Brissot, Pierre : French physician, 1478-1522. 
Brissot de Warville, Jacques Pierre : French revolu- 
tionist and political writer, 1764-1793. 
Bristed, Chas. Astor : Amer. essayist, 1820-1874. 
Biisted, Jno. : Amer. div. and miscell. wr., 1778-1855. 
Bristol, Earls of : See Digby and Hervey. 
Bristol, Ralph de : Bishop of Cashel, -1232. 
Bristow, Ben. Helm : American lawyer, politician 

and soldier, 1832-1896. 
Brlstow, Hy. Wm. : English geologist, 1817-188d. 



83 



Brlstow, Rich. : English R.C. divme, 1538-1681. 
Brlstow, Rich. Rhodes : Eng. divine, 1833-1914. 
Bristowe, Edm. : Eng. animal painter, 1787-1876. 
Bristowe, Jno. Syer F.R.S. : English medical writer 

and physician, 1827-1896. 
Brit (Brytte, Brithus), Walter : English writer on 

astronomy, mathematics and surgery, fl. 1390. 
Britannico, Giov. : Italian grammarian and philolo- 
gist, -^ost 1518. 
Britannicus: son of Emp. Claudius and Messalina, 4-55. 
Brithwald : See Brlbtwald. 
Brithwold : See Brihtwold. 
Brito, Bern, de : Portuguese historian, 1569-1617. 
Brito, Philippe de : Portuguese captain and ad- 
venturer, 1650-1613. 
Brito (Le Breton), Ranulph : Canon of St. Paul's, 

-1246. 
Brito Frelre, Franc. : Port, historian, -1692. 
Brito Gullelmus (Breton, Guil.), 'Brito Armoricus': 

Fr. ecclesiastic, historian and poet, 1150*-1226. 
Briton or Breton, Wm. : Welsh Cistercian theologian, 

-1356. 
Brittain, Arth. Hy. Barrett : Eng. div., 1864-1911. 
Brittaln, Thos. : English naturalist, 1806-1884. 
Brittan, Nathan : Amer. inventor, 1808-1872. 
Britton, Jno. ; See also Breton. 
Britton, Jno. : English antiquary, topographer and 

architectural writer, 1771-1857. 
Britton, Thos., ' Musical Small-coal Man ' : English 

musical enthusiast and scholar, 1651*-1714. 
Briwere, Wm. : See Brewer. 
Brix, Hein. Otto Rich. : Germ, soldier, 1831-1896. 
Brixlus : See Bricie. 

Brizard (Britard), Jean Bapt. : Fr. actor, 1721-1791. 
Brizeux, Julien Aug. Pflage : Fr. poet, 1803-1858. 
Brizlo, Menichino del : See Ambrogi. 
Brizzio, Francesco ; Ital. lands, pntr., 1574-1623. 
Broadbent, Alb. : English vegetarian, food expert 

and editor of poets, 1867-1912. 
Broadbent, Wm. : Eng. Unitarian min., 1756-1827. 
Broadbent, Sir Wm. Hy. : English physician and 

medical writer, 1835-1907. 
Broaddus, And. ; Amer. div. and author, 1770-1848. 
Broadfoot, Geo. ; Anglo-Indian soldier, 1807-1846. 
Broadhead, Wm. : Eng. trades-unionist, 1815-1879. 
Broadhurst, Hy. : Eng. Labour leader, 1840-1911. 
Broadwood, Jno. : Scot, piano manuf., 1732-1812. 
Broca, Paul : Fr. surg. and anthropologist, 1824-80. 
Brocard (Borchard, Burcard) : Dominican and travel- 
ler, fl. 1232. 
Brocas, Su: Bern. : Norman knight, 1330*-1395. 
Brocchi, Giov. Batt. : Italian mineralogist and 

geologist, 1772-1826. 
Brochant de Vllliers, Andre Jean Frang. Marie : 

French mineralogist and geologist, 1772-1840. 
Brochard, Abb6 Mich. : Fr. bibliophile, -1728(9). 
Brochmael, Ysgythrawg ; King of Powis, fl. 584. 
Brock, Dan. de Lisle : Bailifl of Guernsey, 1762-1842. 
Brock, Sir Isaac : British major-general and adminis- 
trator, 1769-1812. 
Brock, Wm. : Eng. Dissenting divine, 1807-1875. 
Brock, Wm. Jno. : Bug. rel. wr. and poet, 1817*-63. 
Brockedon, Wm., F.R.S. : English painter and 

inventor, 1787-1864. 
Brockenborough, Wm. : Amer. jurist, 1778-1838. 
Brockenbrougb, Wm. H. : Amer. jurist, 1813*-1860. 
Brocker, Ludw. Oscar : Germ, historian, 1814-1895. 
Brockes, Barthold Hein. : Germ, poet, 1680-1747. 
Broekett, Jno. Trotter : English antiquary and 

numismatist, 1788-1842. 
Broekett, Linus Pierpont : Amer. hist, wr., 1820-93. 
Brockhaus, Fried. Am. : German bookseller and 

publisher, 1772-1823. 
Brockhaus, Fried. Arn. : Germ, jurist, 1838-1895. 
Brockhaus, Hein. Eduard : German publisher 

1829-1914. 
Brockhaus, Herm. : German Orientalist, 1806-1877 
Broekie, Marianus : Scottish Benedictine monk 

1687-1765. 
Brocklesby, Jno. : Amer. educational wr., 1811- 
Brocklesby, Rich.: Eng.Non-abjiu'ing div., 1636-1714' 
Brocklesby, Rich., F.R.S. : English physician and 

writer, 1722-1797. 
Brockway, Jno. Hall: American lawyer and 

politician, 1801-1870. 
Brocky, Chas. : Hung, portrait painter. 1807-1855 
Brocqulire, Bertrandon de la : Fr. trav., fl. 1432-33. 



BROD 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BROOK 



Brod, Heiiri ; French musician, 1801-1839. 
Brodeau (Brodaeus), J«an : Fr. critic, 1500-1563. 
Brodeau, Julien : Frencli jurist, -1653. 
Brodeau, Victor : Frencli poet, -1540. 
Broderic, Alan, Lord Midletou : See Brodriclc. 
Brodericli, Dav. Colbretli : Amer. senator, 1820-59. 
Broderip, Frances Freeiing : Eng. autlioress, 1830-78. 
Broderip, Jno : Englisli organist, -1771*. 
Broderip, Rob. ; Eng. org. and comp., -1808. 
Broderip, Wm. : English organist, 1683-1726. 
Broderip, Wm. Jno, F.B,.S. : English lawyer, magis- 
trate and zoologist, 1789-1869. 
Brodesser, Karl von : German soldier, 1795-1876. 
Brodhead, Dan. : American soldier, 1736-1809. 
Brodhead, Jac. : American divine, 1782-1855. 
Brodhead, Jno. : American divine, 1770-1838. 
Brodbead, Jno. Eomeyn : Amer. historian, 1814-73. 
Brodhead, Rich. : American senator, 1811-1863. 
Brodhead, Thornton F. : American soldier and 

senator, 1822-1862. 
Brodle, Alex., of Brodle ; Scottish lawyer, politician 

and Lord of Session, 1617-1680. 
Brodie, Alex. : Scottish sculptor, 1830-1867. 
Brodie, Sir Ben. Collins, F.E.S., ' The Elder ' : English 

siu-geon and physiologist, 1783-1862. 
Brodie, Sir Ben. Collins, F.R.S., "The Younger' • 

English chemist, 1817-1880. 
Brodie, Dav. : British naval captain, 1709*-1787. 
Brodie, Geo. : Scottish historiographer, 1786*-1867. 
Brodie, Pet. Bellinger : Eng. conveyancer, 1778-1864. 
Brodie, Pet. Bellinger : Eng. geologist, 1815-1897. 
Brodie, Wni. : Scot, deacon and burglar, -1788. 
Brodie, Wm. : Scottish sculptor, 1816-1881. 
Brodribb, Wm. Jackson ; English classical scholar, 

1829-1905. 
Brodrick, Alan, Lord Midleton; Lord Chancellor of 

Ireland, 1660*-1728. 
Brodrick, Geo. Chas. : Warden of Merton College, 

Oxford, and historian, 1831-1903. 
Brodrick, Thos. : Brit, vice-admiral, -1769. 
Brodsky, Lazar : Russian philanthropist, 1848-1904. 
Brodzinski, Kazimierz : Polish poet, 1791-1835. 
Broeck, van den : See Van den Broeck and Palu- 

danus. ' 

Broeck, Crispin van der : Flemish painter, engraver 

and architect, -1601. 
Broeck, Moses Vyt (Volt) den : See Uytenbrouck. 
Broeckhuizen, Joh. van : See Broeldiulzen. 
Broeder, Christ. Gottlob : German lexicographer, 

1744-1819. 
Broekhuizen, Jan van (Janus Broukhusius) : Dutch 

classical scholar and poet, 1649-1707. 
Broekhuysen, Jan van ; See Broekhuizen. 
Broems, Ingemund : Swed. prof, of theol., fl. 1703. 
Brder, Ernst : German musician, 1809-1886. 
Brogden, Curtis H : Gov. of N ; Carolina, 1815*- 
Broghill, Baron ; See Boyle, Roger. 
Broglie, Achille Chas. L^once Victor, Duke of: 

statesman and diplomatist, 1786-1870. 
Broglie, Chas. Franc, Ct- de ; French general and 

diplomatist, 1719-1781. 
Broglie, Claude Vict., Prince of ; Marshal of France, 

1757-1794. 
Broglie, Fran^. Marie ; Ital.-Fr. general, 1611-1656. . 
Broglie, Fran?. Marie, Duke of : Marshal of France, 

1671-1746. 
Broglie, Jacques Vict. Alb., Duke of: French man of 

letters, ambassador, hist, and statesm., 1821-1901. 
Broglie, Maur. Jean Madeleine de : Bishop of Ghent, 

1766-1821. 
Broglie, Prince Paul de : French abb«, 1833-1895. 
Broglie, Vict. Claude, Prince de : French marshal 

and revolutionist, 1757-1794. 
Broglie, Vict. Franc., Duke of : Marshal of France, 

1718-1804. 
Broglie, Vict. Maur., Count of : Marshal of France, 

1647-1727. 
Brogni, Jean Allormet : Fr. cardbial, 1342-1126. 
Brogniart, Ad. Th&id. : French botanist, 1801- 
Brogtave, Sir Jno. : English lav^yer, -1613. 
Brohan, Augustine Susanne : Fr. actress, 1807-1887. 
Brohan, Emile Madeleine (Mme Uchard) : French 

actress, 1833-1900. 
Brohan, Josephine Fellclt6 Augustine : French 

actress, 1824-1893. 
Brohm, Karl Fried. : Germ, philologist, -1838. 
Broke : See also Brook and Brooke. 



Broke (Brooke), Arth. : English translator and 

author, -1563. 
Broke, Sir Phil. Bowes Vere : British rear-admiral, 

1776-1841. 
Broke (Brooke), Sir Rich. : Chief Baron of the 

Exchequer, -1529. 
Broke (Brooke), Sir Rob. ; Speaker of the House of 

Commons, -1558. 
Broke (Brook), Thos. : English translator, reformer, 

theol. writer and alderman of Calais, fl. 1550. 
Broker, Mch. : Eng. goldsmith and sculp., 14th cent. 
Brokesby (Brookesbury) Fes.: English Nonjuring 

divine, 1637-1714. 
Biomby, Chas. Hamilton : Australian lawyer, poli- 
tician and student of Dante and Chaucer,1844-1904. 
Bromby, Chas. Hy. : Bp. of Tasmania, 1814-1907. 
Bromby, Hy. Bodley : Dean of Hobart, Tasmania, 

fl. 1870. 
Bromby, Jno. Edw. : Austral, educationist, 1809-89. 
Brome, Adam de : favourite of Edward II. and 

founder of Oriel CoUege, Oxford, -1332. 
Brome, Alex. : English satiric anti-Puritan poet, 

1620-1666. 
Brome, Jas.: Eng. dlv. and wr. on travels, -1719. 
Brome, Rich. : English dramatist, -1652*. 
Brome, Thos. : Eng. Carmelite divine, -1380. 
Bromeis, Aug. : German painter, 1813-1881. 
Bromfleld, Edm. de : Bishop of Llandafl, -1393. 
Bromfleld, Jno. : Amer. merch. and benef ., 1779-1849. 
Biomfleld, Wm. : English surgeon and founder of 

Lock Hospital, 1712-1792. 
Bromfleld, Wm. Am. : Eng. botanist, 1801-1851. 
Bromhall, And. : English divine, fl. 1669. 
Bromley, Hy. : See Wilson, Ant, 
Bromley, Jas. : Eng. mezzotint engraver, 1800-1838. 
Bromley, Jno. : English translator, -1717. 
Bromley, Jno. : En^ish engraver, 1795-1839. 
Bromley, Jno. Chas. : English mezzotint engraver, 

1795-1838. 
Bromley, Sir Rich. Madox : Bug. Civil serv., 1813-fl6. 
Bromley, Sir Thos. : English judge, -1555. 
Bromley, Sir Thos. : Lord Chancellor, 1530-1587. 
Bromley, Valentine Walter : English water-colour 

painter, 1848-1877. 
Bromley, Wm. : Eng. Secretary of State, 1664-1732. 
Bromley, Wm. : English politician, 1699*-1737. 
Bromley, Wm. : English line engraver, 1769-1842. 
Bromme, Traugott : German geographer, 1802-1865. 
Bromptott, Jno. : English Benedictine and chronicler, 

fl. 1370*. 
Brampton, Jno. : Abbot of Jorvanx and English 

supposed chronicler, fl. 1436. 
Brompton, Rich. : English portrait painter, -1782, 
Bromsgrove, Rich. : Eng. Benedictine monk, -1435. 
Bromton, Jno. ; English historian, fl. 1193. 
Bromyarde, Jno. de. : Eng. Domin. friar, fl. 1390. 
Bron(tias),mc. de: French poet, 1505*- 
Bronchorst, Jan van, of Leyden : animal painter in 

water colours, 1648-1723. 
BroDohorst, Joh. : Dutch mathematician, 1494-1570. 
Bronehorst, Pleter van, of Delft : historical painter, 

1688-1661. 
BrSndsted, Peter Oluf: Danish archaeologist and 

traveller, 1780-1842. 
Brongniart, Ad. Th^d. : French botanist, 1801-76. 
Brongniart, Alex. : French chemist, geologist and 

mineralogist, 1770-1847. 
Brongniart, Ant. Louis : Fr. chemist, -1804. 
Bronn, Hehi. Geo. : German geologist, 1800-1862. 
Bronsart von Sehellendort, Paul: Pruss. gen., 1832-91. 
Bronson, Greene Carrier ; American lawyer and 

politician, 1789-1863. 
Bronson, Isaac U. : American jurist, 1802-1855. 
Bronson, Silas : Amer. philanthropist, -1867. 
Bronte, Anne, ' Acton Bell ' : Bug. nov., 1820-1849. 
Bronte, Oharl., ' Currer Bell ' : English novelist, 

' Jane Byre," ' Shirley,' ' Villette,' 1816-1855. 
Bronte, Emily Jane, ' Ellis Bell ' : English novelist, 

■ Wttthering Heights,' 1818-1848. 
Bronte, Pat. : father of the BrontB famUy, 1777-1861. 
Bronte, Pat. Branwell : English tutor, 1817-1848. 
Bronzino : See Allori. 
Bronzino : See Cosimo, 
Bronzino, Alessandro : See Allori. 
Bronzino, H : See Allori. 
Brook : See also Broke and Brooke. 
Brook, Abr. : English physicist, fl. 1789. 



84 



BROOK 



DICTIONARY OP UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BROWN 



Brook, Sir Basil : English Eoyaliat, 1578-1646*. 
Brook, Ben. : English Nonconformist divine and 

historian, 1776-1848. 
Brook, Chas. : English philanthropist, 1814-1872. 
Brook, Dav.: En^ish judge, -1558. 
Brook(e5)Iiank, Jos. : English divine and schoolmaster, 

1612- 
Brooke : See also Broke and Brook. 
Brooke, Barons : See GrevUle. 
Brooke, Sir Arth. : Brit, lieut.-gen., 1772-1843. 
Brooke, Sir Arth. de Capell : English traveller and 

author, 1791-1858. 
Brooke, Avonia S. J. : American actress, 1839-1867. 
Brooke, Chas. : English Jesuit, 1777-1862. 
Brooke, Chas.. F.E.S. : Eng. surg. and inv., 1804-79. 
Brooke, Cliarl. : Irish poetical writer, -1793. 
Brooke, Christopher : English poet, -1628. 

Brooke, Ladv Eliz. : Eng. religious writer, 1601-1683. 
Brooke, Frances {nie Moore) ; English novelist and 

dramatic writer, 1724-1789. 
Brooke, Pes. J. : American jurist, 1763-1851. 
Brooke, Fes. J. : American soldier, 1802-1837. 
Brooke, Geo. : English conspirator, 1568-1603. 
Brooke, Geo. Mercer : Amer.maj. -general, -1851. 
Brooke, Gust. Vaughan : Irish actor, 1818-1866. 
Brooke, Hy., 8th Lord Cobham : consp,, -1619. 
Brooke, Hy. : Eng. schoolmaster and div., 1694-1757. 
Brooke, Hy. : Irish author. 1703*-1783. 
Brooke, Hy. : Irish historical painter, 1738-1806. 
Brooke, Hy. Jas., F.E.S. : English crystallographer, 

1771-1857. 
Brooke, Humph. : English physician, 1617-1693. 
Broolce, Su: Jas. ; English soldier, traveller and 

Rajah of Saraw4k, 1803-1868. 
Brooke, Jno. : English translator, -1582. 
Brooke, Jno. Chas. ; English antiquary and Somerset 

herald, 1748-1794. 
Brooke, Jno. B,. : American brig.-general, fl. 1864. 
Brooke, Ralph ; English antiquary and York 

herald, 1553-1625. 
Brooke, Rich. : English antiquary, 1791-1861. 
Brooke, Sir Rob. : English judge and Speaker of 

House of Commons, -1558. 
Brooke, Bob. : Brit. Gov. of St. Helena, -1802*. 
Brooke, Rupert : English poet, 1887-1915. 
Brooke, Sara. : Master of Trinity College, Cambridge, 

-1631. 
Brooke, Walker ; American senator, 1813-1869. 
Brooke, Wm. Hy. : English portrait painter and 

book illustrator, 1772-1860. 
Brooke, Zacbary : Eng. controversialist, 1716-1788. 
Brooke-Hunt, A. E. ; English agricultural expert, 

1854-1915. 
Brookes, Josh. : Eng. eccentric divine, 1754-182] . 
Brookes, Josh., F.B.S. : Eng. anatomist, 1761-1833. 
Brookes, Rich. : Eng. physician and author, fl. 1750. 
Brookfleld, Wm, Hy. : English divine, 1809-1874. 
Brooking, Chas. : English marine painter, 1723-1759. 
Brooks, Chas. : American divine and miscellaneous 

writer, 1795-1872. 
Brooks, Chas. Tim. : American author and translator, 

1813-1883. 
Brooks, Chas, Wm. Shirley : English novelist, 

dramatist and editor of ' Punch,' 1816-1874. 
Brooks, Day. : Amer. soldier and judge, 1756-1838. 
Brooks, Eleazer ; Amer. brigadier-general, 1727-1806. 
Brooks, Ferd. : See Green, Hugh. 
Brooks, Fred. Rich. : English divine, -1912. 
Brooks, Gab. ; English calligrapher, 1704-1741. 
Brooks, Jas. : Bishop of Gloucester, 1512-1560. 
Brooks, Jas. : American journalist, 1810-1873. 
Brool(S, Jas. Gordon : Amer. poetical wr., 1801-1841 . 
Brooks, Jno. : Irish engraver, fl. 1755. 
Brooks, Jno. : American major-general and Governor 

of Massachusetts, 1752-1825. 
Brooks, Jos. : Amer. divine and politician, 1821-77. 
Brooks, Lewis : Amer. philanthropist, 1793-1877. 
Brooks, Maria Gowen ; Amer. poetess, 1795*-1845. 
Brooks, Pet. Cliardon : American merchant and 

philanthropist, 1767-1849. 
Brooks, Phil. : Amer. divine and author, 1836-1893. 
Brooks, Preston Smith : Amer. congressman, 1819-57. 
Brooks, Thos. : English Puritan divhie, 1608-1680. 
Brooks, Wm. Thos. Harbaugh : American brigadier- 
general, 1821-1870. 
Brookshaw, Rich. : Eng. mezzotint engrav., fl. 1804, 
Broom, Hendrick Corneliz : Dutch pntr., 1566-1646. 



85 



Broom, Herb. : English writer on law, 1815-1882. 
Broom, Jac. : American statesman, 1752-1810. 
Broom, Jac. : American statesman, 1808-1864. 
Broom, Jas. M. : American statesman, 1778- 
Broome, Su-Frei], Napier; Bug. col. gov., 1842-96. 
Broome, Jno. : American merchant, 1738-1810. 
Broome, Ralph Champneys : Anglo-Indian general, 

1860-1915. 
Broome, Wm. : Knglish poet and translator of 

Anacreon, 1689-1745. 
Broomfleld, Math. : Welsh poet, fl. 1550. 
Brophy, Geo. R. : American divine, 1775-1880. 
Brorsen, Theod. Job. Christ. Ambders : Swedish- 
German astronomer, 1819-1895. 
Brosch, Moritz : German historian. 1829-1907. 
Brosohi, Carlo, ' FarinelU ' : Ital. singer, 1705-1782. 
Bross, Wm. : American journalist, 1813-1890. 
BrossEeus, Pet. : French jurist, fl. 16th century. 
Brossard, S6b. de : French musician and author of 

the first musical dictionary, 1660-1730. 
Brosse, Gul de la : French botanist, -1641. 
Brosses, Chas. de : Fr. hist, and arclueol., 1709-1777. 
Brossette, Claude, of Lyons : historical wr., 1671-1743. 
Brotero, Felix de Avellar : Port, botanist, 1744-1828. 
Brotherhood, Pet. : English engineer, 1838-1902. 
Brothers, Rich. : Bug. reUglous fanatic, 1757-1824. 
Brotherton, Edw. : Eng. Swedenborgian, 1814-1866. 
Brotlierton, Jos. ; Eng. pari, reformer, 1783-1857. 
Brotherton, Sh: Thos. Wm. ; Brit, general, 1785-1868. 
Brotier, And. Chas. : French botanist, 1751-1798. 
Brotier, Gab., Abb6 : Fr. sehol. andhumanist,1723-89. 
Brouardel, Paul Camille Hippolyte : French professor 

of med. jurisprudence and med. writer, 1837-1906. 
Brough, Bennett Hooper ; English mining expert, 

1860-1908. 
Brongh, Fanny Whiteside : Eng. actress, 1854-1914. 
Brough, Jno. : Governor of Ohio, 1811-1865. 
Brough, Lionel : English actor, 1836-1909. 
Brongh, Hob. : Scottish pahiter, 1872-1905. 
Brough, Bob. Barnabas : Bug. writer, 1828-1860. 
Brongh, Wm. : Dean of Gloucester, -1671. 
Brough, Wm. : Eng. dramatic writer, 1826-1870. 
Brougham, Hy. : English divine, 1665-1698. 
Brougham, Hy. Pet., Baron Brougham and Vaux, 

F.R.S. : Lord Chancellor, 1778-1868. 
Brougham, Jno. : Irish actor and dram., 1814-1880. 
Broughton, Arth. : Scottish botanist, -1796. 
Broughton, Hugh : Enghsh Hebraist and polemical 

divine, 1549-1612. 
Broughton, Jno. ; English pugilist, 1705-1789. 
Broughton, Jno. Cain Hobhouse, Lord : See Hobhouse. 
Broughton, Rich. : Eng. R.C. historian, -1634. 
Broughton, Sam. Dan., F.R.S. : English army 

surgeon, 1787-1837. 
Broughton, Thos. : Colonial Governor of South 

CaroUna, -1738. 

Broughton, Thos. : English divine and biog., 1704-74. 
Broughton, Thos. : English divine, 1712-1777. 
Broughton, Thos. Duer : Eng. wr. on India, 1778-1835. 
Broughton, Vernon Delves : oificer of the Melbourne 

Mint, 1834-1886. 
Broughton, Wm. Grant; English Metropolitan of 

Australia, 1788-1853. 
Bronghton, Wm. Rob. ; Brit. nav. capt., 1762-1821. 
Broun ; See al30 Brown and Browne. 
Broun, Jno. Allan : Scottish- magnetician and 

meteorologist, 1817-1879. 
Broun, Sir Rich. : Scot, miscell. writer, 1801-1858. 
Brouncker (Brounker), Wm., Viscount : President of 

Royal Society, 1620*-1684. 
Broussats, Fran?. Jos. Vict. : French physician and 

medical teacher, 1772-1838. 
Bronsson, Claude : Fr. Prot. martyr, 1847-1698. 
Broussonet, Pierre Marie Aug. : Fr. nat., 1761-1807. 
Brouwer ; See also Limbnrg-Brouwer. 
Brottwer, Adriaeu ; Dutch painter, 1608-1840. 
Brouyn, Nicolaes de ; Flem. engraver, 1570*-1656. 
BrowalUus, Joh. : Bishop of Abo, Swed. nat., 1707-55. 
Browell, Wm. : British naval captain, 1759-1831. 
Brown ; See also Browne. 

Brown, Aaron Van : Amer. statesman, 1795-1859. 
Brown, Alb. Gallatin : Amer. statesm., 1813-1880. 
Brown, Alex. ; Irish merchant in Amer., 1764-1834. 
Brown, And. ; Amer. sold, and joum., 1744-1797. 
Brown, Bart. ; Amer. music composer, 1772-1854. 
Brown, Bedford : American senator, 1795-1870. 
Brown, Buclrmmster ; Amer. surgeon, 1819- 



BROWN 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BROWilE 



Brown, Chad^d) : elder in the Baptist Church of 
America, -1665*. 

Brown, Chas. : British commodore, -1753. 

Brown, Chas. : English cricketer, 1815-1876. 

Brown, Chas. Armitage : English Shakspearian 
writer, 1786-1842*. 

Brown, Chas. Brockden : Amer. novelist, 1771-1810. 

Brown, Chas. PhU. : Eng. Telega schol., 1798-1884. 

Brown, Dav. : En^ish landscape painter, fl. 1795. 

Brown, Dav. ; English missionary in India, 1763-1812. 

Brown, Dav. : Cherokee preacher in Amer., 1806*-29. 

Brown, Dav. : ' The Hermit of Newfane,' Vt., America, 
-1873. 

Brown, Dav. P. : American lawyer and dramatist, 
1795-1872. 

Brown, Egbert B. : Amer. brig.-gen., 1816- 

B 'Own, Ern. Sam. ; Australian soldier, 1875-1915. 

Brown, Ethan Allen : American jurist and states- 
man, 1776-1852. 

Brown, Ford Madox : English painter, 1821-1893. 

Brown, Fes. : President of Dartmouth College, 
America, 1784-1820. 

Brown, Geo. : Eng. Benedictine monk, -1628. 

Brown, Geo. : Scottish arithmetician, 1650-1730. 

Brown, Sir Geo. : British general, 1790-1865. 

Brown, Geo. : English cricketer, 1821-1875. 

Brown, Geo. : Scottish-Canadian statesman and 
journalist, 1818-1880. 

Brown, Geo. Douglas : Scottish novelist, 1869-1902. 

Brown, Geo. Hilary : English Homan Catholic 
Bishop of Liverpool, 1786-1856. 

Brown, Geo. Loring : Amer. lands, pntr., 1814- 

Brown, Sir Geo. Thos. : English veterinary surgeon, 
1827-1906. 

Brown, Gilb. : Scottish U.C. divine, -1612. 

Brown, Goold ; American grammarian, 1791-1857. 

Brown, Harvey : American major-general, 1795-1874. 

Brown, Hy. Armitt : American orator, 1844-1879. 

Brown, Hy. B. : American marine painter, 1831-60, 

Brown, Hy. Kirke : American sculptor, 1814-1886. 

Brown, Hugh Stowell : Eng. Baptist min., 1823-86. 

Brown, Ign. : Irish Jesuit and controvers., 1630-79. 

Brown, Isaac van Arsdale : Amer. divine, 1784-1861. 

Brown, Jac. : Amer. general-in-chief, 1775-1828. 

Brown, Jas. : Scot. trav. and scholar, 1709-1788. 

Brown, Ja.s. : American senator, 1766-1835. 

Brown, Jas. : American publisher, 1800-1855. 

Brown, Jas. : Eng. B..C. Bp. of Shrewsbury, 1812-81. 

Brown, Jas. Baldwin, ' The Elder ' : English bar- 
rister, 1785-1843. 

Brown, Jas. Baldwin, ' The Younger ' : English 
Nonconformist divme, 1820-1884. 

Brown, Jas. Cauldwell : American divine, 1815-1862. 

Brown, Jas. Duff : Scottish hbrarian and miscellaneous 
writer, 1862-1914. 

Brown, Jno. : srgt. pntr. to Kg. Hy. VIII., -1532. 

Brown, Jno. : Scottish church leader, 1610*-1679. 

Brown, Jno. : Scottish martyr, 1627*-1685. 

Brown, Jno., F.R.S. : English chemist, -1736. 

Brown, Jno. : Eng. divine and author, 1715-1766. 

Brown, Jno. : American soldier, 1744-1780. 

Brown, Jno. : Scottish divine and author, 1722-1787. 

Brown, Jno. : Scottish painter, 1752-1787. 

Brown, Jno. : Scottish physician and inventor of 
Brunonian system of medicine, 1736-1788. 

Brown, Jno. : Amer. patriot and benef., 1736-1803.* 

Brown, Jno. : Eng. miscellaneous writer, -1829. 

Brown, Jno. : Scottish divine, 1754-1832. 

Brown, Jno. : American senator, 1767-1837. 

Brown, Jno. : American President of University of 
Georgia, 1763-1842. 

Brown, Jno. : Scot, theological writer, 1778-1848. 

Brown, Jno. : American divine. 1771-1850. 

Brown, Jno. : Scottish divine, 1784-1858. 

Brown, Jno. : English geologist, 1780-1869. 

Brown, Captain Jno., of Harper's Ferry : American 
abolitionist, 1800-1869. 

Brown, Jno. ; English geographer, 1797-1861. 

Brown, Jno. : Scottish physician and author, 1810- 
1882. 

Brown, Jno. : American divine, 1791-1884. 

Brown, Sir Jno. : English pioneer of armour plate 
manufacture and inventor, 1816-1896. 

Brown, Jno. B. ; American politician, 1807-1867. 

Brown, Jno. Carter : American merchant and book- 
collector, 1797-1874. 

Brown, Jno. Chas. : Scot, lands, painter, 1805-1867. 



Brown Jno. Geo. : Eng.-Amer. painter, 1831-1913. 

Brown, J. Newton : American divine and author, 
1803-1868. 

Brown, Jno, Porter ; Amer. Oriental schol.. 1814-72. 

Brown, Jno. Wright • Scot, botanist, 1838-1863. 

Brown, Jos. : Amer. sclent, and astron., 1733-1785. 

Brown, Jos. : Eng. physn. and philanth.. 1784-1868. 

Brown, Jos. : English barrister, 1809-1902. 

Brown, Laimcelot, ' Capability ' : English land- 
scape gardener, 1715-1783. 

Brown, Levinius : English Jesuit, 1671-1764. 

Brown, Mason : American jurist, 1799-1867. 

Brown, Mather ; Amer.-Eng. painter, 1760*-1831. 

Brown, Math. : Amer. educationist, 1776-1863. 

Brown, Moses : vicar of Olney. See Browne. 

Brown, Moses : Amer. naval captain, 1742-1804. 

Brown, Nathan W. : Amer. brig.-gen., 1819*- 

Brown, Nich. : Amer. philanthropist. 1769-1841. 

Brown, Oliver Madox : English author and painter, 
1855-1874. 

Brown, Pet. : Canadian journalist, 1784-1863. 

Brown, Phil. : English botanist, -1779. 

Brown, Ph<8be Huisdale : Amer. poetess, 1783-1861. 

Brown, Bawdon Lubbock : English writer on Vene- 
tian State papers, 1803-1883. 

Brown, Sir Eich. : See Browne. 

Brown, Rich. : Cherokee chief, 1773-1818. 

Brown, Bob. : Eng. historical painter, -1753. 

Brown, Sir Hob. : Eng. diplomatist, -1760. 

Brown, Rob. : Amer. brig.-gen. and pol., 1745-1823. 

Brown, Rob. : Scot, agricultural writer, 1757-1831. 

Brown, Rob. : Scottish divine, -1846. 

Brown, Rob. : English antiquary, poet and Greek 
scholar, 1844-1912. 

Brown, Rob. : Scottish botanist, 1773-1868. 

Brown, Sam. : Eng. surgeon in India, fl. 1700. 

Brown, Sam. : American physician, 1769-1830. 

Brown, Sir Sam. ; English captain, R.N., and civil 
engineer, 1776-1852. 

Brown, Sam. : Eng. actuary and statist,, 1810-1875. 

Brown, Sam. Gilman : Amer. educat,, 1813-1885, 

Brown, Sam. Morison : Scottish physician, chemist, 
poet and essayist, 1817-1856. 

Brown, Sam. R. : American author and journalist, 
1776-1817. 

Brown, Sam. R. ; Amer. missionary, 1810-1880. 

Brown, Soliman : Amer .author and dentist,1790-1865. 

Brown, Staley : Canad. merchant and pol., 1801-77. 

Brown, Steph. : Scottish theologian, fl. 1340*. 

Brown, Tarleton ; American soldier, 1754-1846. 

Brown (Brouns), Thos. : Bishop of Norwich, -1445. 

Brown, Thos, : Eng. translator, fl. 1570. 

Brown, Thos.: Eng, satirical wr. and poet, 1663-1704. 

Brown, Tlios, : American-Indian fighter and author, 
1740*- 

Brown, Thos. : Scottish philosopher, 1778-1820. 

Brown, Thos. : Amer. lawyer and pol., 1819*-1867. 

Brown, Thos. Edw. ; Manx poet, scholar and divine, 
1830-1897. 

Brown, Thos. Jos, : English Roman Catholic Bishop 
of Newport, 1798-1880. 

Brown, Thos. Storrow: Canad, insurgent, 1803- 

Brown, Thompson S, : Amer, civil engin,, 1807-1856, 

Brown, Thurlow Weed : Amer, journ,, -1866. 

Brown, Ulysses Max., Count von : Irish Imperial 
field-marshal, 1705-1757. 

Brown, Wm. : Brit, rear-admira], -1814. 

Brown, Wm. : Scot historical writer, 1766-1835. 

Brown, Wm. : Irish-Argentine admiral, 1777-1857. 

Brown, Sir Wm. : Amer, -English merchant, banker 
benefactor to Liverpool and politician, 1784-1864. 

Brown, Wm, Faulkner : Amer, divine, -1881. 

Brown, Wm. Haig : See Haig-Brown. 

Brown, Wm. Hy. : American capitalist, 1815-1875. 

Brown, Wm. Hill : American poet, 1766-1793. 

Brown, Wm. Laur. ; Scottish theologian at Utrecht 
and Aberdeen, 1755-1830. 

Brown-Siquard, Chas. Edw., F.R.S. : American- 
French physiologist, born in Mauritius, 1816-1894. 
Brownbill, Thos. Robson : See Robson. 
Browne : See also Broun; Brown; Jukes-Browne. 
Browne, Alex. : English painter and engraver, fl. 1660 . 
Browne, Sir Ant. : English politician, -1548. 
Browne, Sir Ant. : English judge, supporter of 

Mary Queen of Scots, 1610*-1667. 
Browne, Ant., 1st Viscount Montague : general and 
ambassador, 1526-1592. 



86 



BROWNE 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BRUCE 



Browne, Arth. ; Irish lawyer, 1756*-1805. 

Browne, Chas. Farrar, * Artemus Ward ' : American 

liomorist, 1834*-1867. 
Browne, Clias. Thos. : Eoglisli poet and miscelianeoua 

writer, 1825-1868. 
Browne, Dav. : Scot. wr. on calligraphy, fl. 1638. 
Browne, Edw. :} English physician to Charles 11. 

and traveller, 1644-1708. 
Browne, Edw. : Irish Quaker, -1730. 
Browne, Edw. Harold : Bishop of Ely and oj Win- 
chester, 1811-1891. 
Browne, Felicia Dorothea : See Hciuans. 
Browne, Geo. : Archbishop of Dublin and Protestant 

reformer, -1556. 
Browne, Geo., Count de : Irish soldier, 1698-1792. 
Browne, Hablot Ejiight, ' Phiz ' : English caricaturist, 

1815-1882. 
Browne, Hy. : Bug. class, and Bibl. sohol., 1804-75. 
Browne, Isaac Hawkins, ' The Elder ' : English poet, 

1705-1760. 
Browne, Isaac Hawkins, 'The Younger': English 

essayist, 1745-1818. 
Browne (Brown), Jas. : Eng. theologian, 1616-1685. 
Browne, Jas. : Scot, author and journalist, 1793-1841. 
Browne, Sir Jas. ; Anglo-Indian engineer and ad- 
ministrator, 1839-1896. 
Browne, Sir Jas. Frankfort Manners : British 

general, 1823-1910. 
Browne, Jno. : Eng. surgeon and writer, 1642-1700*. 
Browne, Jno. : English engraver, 1741-1801. 
Browne, Jno. : EngUsh Nonconf. liistorian, 1823-86. 
Browne, Jno. Gordon : Irish journalist, 1867-1913. 
Browne, Jno. Ross : Amer. trav. and author, 1817-75. 
Browne, Jos. : Eng. physn. and charlatan, fl. 1706. 
Browne, Jos. : English divine, prof, of philosophy and 
Provost of Queen's Coll., Oxf., and schol., 1700-67. 
Browne, Lancelot : English physician, -1605. 
Browne, lyde, ' The Elder ' : English art collector, 

-1787. 
Browne, Lyde, ' The Younger ' : Brit, sold., -1803. 
Browne, Moses : English poet, 1704-1787. 
Browne, Pat. : Irish naturalist, 1720*-1790. 
Browne, Pet. : Bishop of Cork and writer against 

Tolaud, 1665»-1735. 
Browne, Sir aich. : Eng. pari, general, -1669. 
Browne, Sir Rich. : EngUsh diplomatist, 1605-1683. 
Browne (Brown), Rich. : Eng. physn., fl. 1674-1694. 
Browne, Rob. : Eng. Indr. of Brownists, 1550-1633. 
Browne, Sam. : English divine, 1575*-1632. 
Browne, Sam. : BngUsh judge, -1668. 
Browne, Sam. J. : American divine and philanthro- 
pist, 1788-1872. 
Browne, Sir Sam. Jas. : Anglo-Ind. gen., 1824-1901. 
Browne, Simon : Eng. Dissenting divine, 1680-1732. 
Browne, Theophilus : Eng. Unit, min., 1763-1835. 
Browne, Thos. : English headmaster of Westmin- 
ster, -1585. 
Browne (Brown), Thos. : EngUsh divine and trans- 
lator of Camden, 1604*-1673. 
Browne, Su- Thos. : English physician and author, 

' Religio Medici,' 1605-1682. 
Browne, Thos. : English physician, 1672-1710. 
Browne, Thos. : EngUsh herald, surveyor and 

Garter Kmg of Arms, 1708*-1780. 
Browne, Thos. : American soldier, -1825~ 
Browne, Thos. : EngUsh painter and black-and- 
white artist, 1870-1910. 
Browne, Olios. Alex., ' Itolf Boldrewood ' : BngUsli- 

Australian novelist, 1825-1915. 
Browne, Sir Thomas Gore : British colonial governor. 

1807-1887. 
Browne, Ulysses Max., Count von : Iris'i- Imperial 

fleld-marshal, 1705-1757. 
Browne, Wm. : English pastoral poet, 1691-1643. 
Browne, Wm. : EngUsh botanist, 1628-1678. 
Browne, Sir Wm. : BngUsh physician and founder of 

classical medal, 1692-1774. 
Browne, Wm. : LoyaUst of Massachusetts, 1737-1802. 
Browne, Wm. : EngUsh gem and seal engraver, 1748- 

1825. 
Browne, Wm. Alex. F. : Scot. aUenist, 1806-1885. 
Browne, Wm. Geo. : Eng. Oriental trav., 1768-1813. 
BrowneU, Hy. Howard : American author and poet, 

1820-1872. 
BrowneU, Thos. Church: American Protestant 

Episcopal Bishop of Connecticut, 1779-1865. 
Brownikowski, Alex, ; Polish noveUst, 1783-1834. 



87 



Browning, Eliz. Barrett (n^s Barrett) : English 

poetess, • Aurora Leigh,' 1806-1861. 
Browning, Jno. : English divine, fl. 1584. 
Browning, OniUe Hickman : Amer. sen, 1810-1881. 
Browning, Rob. : English poet, ' Pippa Passes,' 

• The Ring and the Book^ 1812-1889. 
Brownlee, Wm. Craig : American divine and writer, 

1784-1860. 
Browniees, Sir Ant. Culling ; English physician in 
Australia and Chanc. of Melbourne Univ., 1822-97. 
Brownlow, Rich. ; English legal reporter and Chief 

Prothonotary of the Common Pleas, 1553-1638. 
Brownlow, Wm. Gannaway : Amer. journ., 1805-77. 
Brownrig, Ralph : Bishop of Exeter, 1592-1659. 

Brownrigg, Eliz. : EngUsh murderess, -1767. 

Brownrigg, Wm., F.R.S. : English physician and 
natural philosopher, 1711-1800. 

Brown-Siquard, Chas. Edw., F.R.S. : Colonial and 
English physiologist and neurologist, 1816-1894. 

Brownsmith, Jno. Leman : Eng. org., 1809-1866. 

Brownson, Nathan : Amer. statesman, -1796. 

Brownson, Orestes Aug. : American theological, 
phUosophical and sociological writer, 1803-1876. 

Brownswerd, Jno. : English poet, 1540*-1589. 

Broxholme, Noel : English physician, 1689'-1748. 

Bruat, Armand Jos. : French admiral, 1796-1855. 

Brucseus, Hendrik : Flemish mathematician, phy- 
sician and medical writer, 1531-1593. 

Bruce, Alex. : 2nd Earl of Kincardine, -1681. 

Bruee, Alex. Balmain : Scottish divine, 1831-1899. 

Bruce, Arch. ; Scot, theological writer, 1746-1816. 

Bruce, Arch. : Amer. physn. and writer, 1777-1818. 

Bruce, Blanch K. : Amer. negro senator, 1840-1898. 

Bruce, Dav. : See David II. 

Bruce, Dav. : Scottish physician, fl. 1660. 

Bruce, Edw. : King of Ireland, -1318. 

Bruce, Edw., LordKinloss : Scot, judge, 1549*-1611. 

Bruce, Su: Fred. Wm. Ad. : Brit, dlplom., 1814-1867. 

Bruce, Sir Gainsford : English judge, 1834-1912. 

Bruce, Geo. : American typefounder, 1781-1866. 

Bruce, Sir Geo. Barclay : English engineer and 
benefactor, 1821-1908. 

Bruce, Geo. Wyndham Hamilton Knight- : Bisliop 
of Mashonaland, 1852-1896. 

Bruce, Hy. ; American naval officer, 1798- 

Bruce, Hy. Austin, Lord Aberdare : English states- 
man, 1815-1895. 

Bruce, Jas. : Irish Presbyt. minister, 1660*-1730. 

Bruce, Jas. : Scot, explorer in Africa, 1730-1794. 

Bruce, Jas. : Scottish essayist, 1765*-1806, 

Bruce, Jas. : Scot, journ. and author, 1808-1861. 

Bruee, Jas. : 8th Earl of Elgm, Governor- General of 
India, 1811-1863, 

Bruce, Sir Jas. Lewis Knight : Eng. judge, 1791-1866. 

Bruce, Jno. : Scottish historian, 1745-1826. 

Bruce, Jno. : Scottish antiquary, 1802-1869. 

Bruce, Jno., Lieut.-Col. : Commandant of Western 
Australia, 1808-1870. 

Bruce, Jno. ColUngwood : Brit, antiq., 1805-1892. 

Bruce, Sir Jno. Hope : British lieutenant-general and 
statesman, 1684*-17a6. 

Bruce, Mich. : Irish Presbyt. minister, 1635-1693. 

Bruce, Mich. : Irish Presbvt. minister, 1686-1735. 

Bruce, Mich. : Scottish poet, 1746-1767. 

Bruce, Pet. Hy. : Germ. off. and diplom.. 1692-1757. 

Bruce, Rob. de, I. : Norman ancestor of the Bruce 
-1094*. 

Bruce, Rob. de, II. : Lord of Annandale and bene- 
factor, 1078»-1141. 

Bruce, Bob. de, III., fl. 1138-1189. 

Bruce, Rob. de, V., -1245. 

Bruce, Rob. de, VI., ' The Competitor,' 1210-1295 

Bruce,Rob.de,VII.,El.of Carrick: crusader,1253-1364 

Bruce, Rob. de, ATEII. : Kg. of Scotland, 1274-1329! 

Bruce, Rob. : Scot. poi. agent and spy, -1602 

Bruce, Rob. : Scottish theological writer 1554-1631 

Bruce, Rob. : 2nd Earl of Elgin and 1st Earl of 
Ailesbury, -1085. 

Bruce, Rob. : British major-general, governor to the 
Prince of Wales, 1813-1862. 

Bruee, Rob.; Eng. miss, and Persian schol -1916 

Bruce, Thos. : 3rd Earl of Elgin and 2nd Earl of 
Ailesbury, 1655*-1741 

Bruce, Thos. : 7th Eari'of Elgm and 11th Earl of 
Kmcardine, 1766-1841. 

Bruce, Sir Wm. : Scottish architect, -1710 

Bruce, Wm. : Scot, publisher and author, 1702-i755 



BBUCE 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BRUODINE 



Bruce, Wm. : Irish Presbyt. minister, 1757-1841. 

Bruce, Wm. : Irisli Presbyt. minister, 1790-1868. 

Brucioli, Ant. : Florentine translator of Bible and 
classics, 1600-jjo»« 1654. 

BrUclt, Anton Theobald : Germ, physn., 1798-1886. 

Bruck, Arnold de : Flem.music.and comp.,1480*- 

Brttcke, Ern. Wllh. von : Germ, physiol., 1819-1892. 

Brucker, Joh. Hein. : Germ. prof, of hist., 1725-1754. 

Brucker, Joh. Jac. : German philologist and historian 
of philosophy, 1698-1770. 

Briickler, Hugo : Saxon mus. oomp., 18*6-1871. 

Bruckman, Franz Frn. ; German physician and 
mineralogist, 1697-1763. 

Bruekmann, Pried. : Germ, art dealer, 1814-1898. 

Bruckmann, Geo. Pet. : Germ, manuf ., 1778-1850. 

Brilckner, Alex. : Ilussian historian, 1834-1896. 

Bruckner, Anton : Austr. org. and comp., 1824-1896. 

Briickner, Ernst Moritz Karl : Germ, jurist, 1807-87. 

Bruckner, Joh. ; German Lutheran divine in Eng- 
land, 1726-1804. 

Briickner, Joh. Geo, Martin : Germ, geog., 1800-81. 

Briickner, Karl Aug. Fried. : Germ, hist., 1803-1863. 

Brudenell, Jas. Thoa. : 7th Earl of Cardigan, 1797- 
1868. 

Brudenell, Kob. : English judge, 1461-1531. 

Brueghel, Jan : Flemish painter, 1601- 

Brueghel : See aUo Breughel. 

Brueis, Franp. de Paule de : Fr. admiral, 1760-1798. 

Bruen, Jno. : Bng. Puritan layman, 1660-1626, 

Bruen, Math. : Amer. div. and author, 1793-1829. 

Brutoe, Chas. Ant. Leolerc de la : Fr. dram., 1715-64. 

Bruerne, Rich. : English Hebraist, 1519*-1666. 

Brueys : See also Bruys. 

Brueys, Dav. Augustine de : French Protestant 
theologian and dramatist, 1640-1723. 

Brugensis, Lucas : See Luc de Bruges. 

Bruges, John of, or Jan van Byck : Flemish painter, 
1370-1441. 

Bruges, Louis de, Seign. de la Gruthuyse, 1422-1492. 

Brugge, Van der : See Pontanus. 

Brilggemann, Joh. Hein. Theod. : German philologist, 
1796-1866. 

Brilggemann, Ludw. Wilh. ; German divine and 
philologist, 1743-1817. 

Brugis, Thos. : Eng. surgeon and writer, fl. 1640*. 

Brugman, Jan. : Flemish preacher, -1473. 

Brugmans, Ant. : German physicist, 1732-1789. 

Brngmans, Sebald Justin : Dutch military physician, 
1763-1819. 

Brugnatelli, Luigi : Italian chemist, 1761-1818. 

Brugsch, Hein. Karl : Germ. Egyptologist, 1827-94. 

Bruguieres, Jean Guil. : Fr. nat. and physn., 1760-99. 

Bruhier d'Ablaincourt, Jean .lacques : French 
medical writer, -1756. 

Bruhl,Hein., Count of : Germ, statesman, 1700-1764. 

Briihl, Joh. Mor., Count of r German diplomatist and 
astronomer in England, 1736-1809. 

Bruhns, Karl Christ. : Germ, astron., 1830-1881. 

Brukns, Nikolaus : German organist, 1665*-1697. 

Bruin : See Brnyn. 

Bruix, Chev. de : Fr. mlscell. writer, 1728-1780. 

Bruix, Eustache : French admiral, 1759-1805. 

Brukhusius, Janus : See Broekhuizen. 

Brulart, Nic. : Chancellor of France, 1544*-1624. 

Brulart, Pierre ; French ambassador and Secretary 
of State, 1583*-1640. 

Briill, Ignaz : Austr. pianist and comp., 1847-1907. 

Brail, Jac. : Germ. Talmudist and hist., 1812-1889. 

Briill, Nehemias : German rabbi, 1843-1891. 

BruUiot, Franz ; German engraver, 1780-1836. 

BrulUot, Karl Joh. : Germ. voc. and actor, 1831-1894. 

Brumel, Ant. : Dutch-Italian musician and com- 
poser, fl. 1505. 

Brumel, Jacomo : See Jaches, Galileo. 

Brummel, Geo. Bryan, ' Beau ' : English leader of 
fashion, 1778-1840. 

Brumoy, Pierre : French Jesuit, philologist and 
mathematician, 1688-1742. 

Brun : See also Lebrun. 

Brun, Ant., of Dole : amb. and poet, 1600-1654. 

Brun, Ant. Louis : French poet, 1680-1743. 

Brun, Chas. le : French pabiter and wr., 1619-1690. 

Brun, Chas. Fran?, le : Dk. of Plancetia, 1739-1824. 

Brun, Guil. le : Fr. Jesuit and lexicog., 1674*-1758. 

Brun, Guil. Chas. Ant. Pigault le : Fr.nov., 1763-1835. 

BruD, J. Bapt. le, ' Desmarettes ' : French ecclesi- 
astical writer, -1731. 



Brun, Jean Jules : French general and Minister of 
War, 1848-1911. 

Brun, Laur. le, of Nantes : Fr. Latin poet, 1607-63. 

Brun, Louis le : French architect, 1770-1840'. 

Brun, Louis sa. le : Fr. mus. composer, 1764-1829. 

Brun, Pierre le : Fr. ecclesiastical writer, 1661-1729. 

Brun, Pierre Hen. Tondu ; Fr. journalist, 1763-93. 

Brun, Ponce D6ni3 Bchouard le : Fr. poet, 1728-1811. 

Brunffius, Thos. : See Brome, Thos. 

Bninck, Eich. Fran;. Phil. • French classical critic, 
1729-1803. 

Brune, C. J. : English cricketer, -1877. 

Bmne, Guil. Marie Anne : Marsh, of Franoe,1763-1815. 

Brunehaut (Bruiihilde) ; Qn. of Australia, 534-613. 

Brunei, Isambard Ktagdom, F.R.8. : English en- 
gineer of ' Great Eastern," 1806-1859. 

Brunei, Sir Mark Isambard, F.E.S. : French-English 
engineer and inventor, 1769-1849. 

BnmellesoU, Fillppo: Florentine architect, gold- 
smith and sculptor, 1379-1446. 

Brunei, Jacques Chas. : Fr. bibliographer, 1780-1867. 

Brunet, Jean Louis, of Aries : eccles. wr., 1688-1747. 

Brunet, Pierre Gustave : Fr. bibliographer, 1807-96. 

Brunetiire, Ferd. : French man of letters, 1849-1906. 

Bmnettl, Gaetano : ItaL viol, and comp., 1753'-1808*. 

Brunette Latin! : gram, of Florence, 1230*-1294. 

Branfels, Otto : physn. and hot. at Berlin, 1500*-34. 

Bnini, Ant. : Italian poet, 1600'-1635. 

Brunl, Leonardo ; See Aretinus. 

Briining, AdoH von : German chemist, 1837-1884. 

Brunlng, Ant.: English Jesuit and writer, 1716-1776. 

Brunlng, Geo. : English Jesuit writer, 1738-1802. 

Brunlngs, Christ. : German Protestant ecclesiastic 
and writer on Grk. and Jewish antiquities, 1702-63. 

Brunlngs, Christ.: Dutch hydraulic engin., 1736-1805. 

Brunlees, Sir Jas. : Eng. civil engineer, 1816-1892. 

Bruno, Hein. : German archseologist, 1822-1894. 

Brunn,Joh. Jac, of Basel: Swiss physician,1591-1680. 

Brunne, Bob. de : See Mannyng. 

Brunnenmelster, Emil : Swiss- Austr. jurist, 1854-96. 

Brunner, Balth. : German physician, 1533-1604. 

Brunner (Emnn), Joh. Con. : Swiss physician and 
anatomist, 1653-1727. 

Brunner, Luitpold : German Benedictine and 
historian, 1828-1881. 

Brunner, Mart. : Swedish prof, of Greek, -1679. 

Blunner, Sebastian : Austrian theologian and mis- 
cellaneous writer, 1814-1893. 

Brunnlng, Ben. : Bng. Nonconf . divine, fl. 1664. 

Brunnow, Ern. Phil., Baron von : Russian diploma- 
tist, 1797- 

Brilnnow, Franz Fried. Ern.: Germ, astron. ,1821-91. 

Bruno, St. : Germ. fdr. of Carthusians, 1030*-1101. 

Bruno of Querfurt, St. : German missionary bishop 
and martyr, 975*-1009. 

Bruno the Qreat : Archbishop of Cologne, 926-965. 

Bruno, Ant. : French lawyer, 1640-1740'. 

Bruno, Giordano : Italian philosopher and anti- 
christlan writer, 1550*-1600. 

Bruno, Jacques Pancrace : Swiss physn., 1629-1709. 

Bruno, Paul Jac. : German philologist, 1743-1814. 

Brunold, Fried. : See Meyer, Aug. Ferd. 

Brunon : See Leo IX. 

Bruns, Karl Geo. : German jurist, 1816-1880. 

Bruns, Victor von : Germ, medical writer, 1812-1883. 

Brunswiok, Carl, Duke of : deposed, 1804-1873. 

Brunswick, Ferd., Duke of : Prussian general,1721-92. 

Brunswiok, Fried. 'Wilh., Duke of : Prussian officer 
in English army, 1771-1815. 

Brunswick, Max. Jul. Leop., Duke of : Prussian 
general, 1762-1785. 

Brunswick, Wilh., Duke of, 1806-1884. 

Brnnswick-Bevern, Aug. Wilh., Duke of : Prussian 
soldier, 1716-1781. 

Brunswick-Liineburg, Carl Wilh. Ferd., Duke of : 
Prussian general, 1736-1806. 

Brunswlck-Lttneburg, Ern. I., Duke of, 1497-1546. 

Bmnswlok-Oels, Fried. Aug., Duke of: Prussian 
general and writer, 1740-1805. 

Briinton, Eliz. : See Yates. 

Brunton, Geo. : Scot, lawyer and journ., 1799-1836. 

Brunton, Louisa : See Craven. 

Brunton, Mary (nie Balfour) : Scot, nov., 1778-1818. 

Brunton, Wm. : Scot, engmeer and inv., 1777-1851. 

Brunyatd, Wm. : Eng. Dominican friar, fl. 1350. 

Bruodlne, Ant. : Ir]&h Franciscan and controver- 
sialist, fi. 1672. 



88 



BRUS 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BUCHLEB 



Brus, Anton : German divine, 1518-1580. 
Bniseh(iiis) Kasp. ; Bohemian Latin iiiatorlan and 

poet, 1S18-1S59. 
Bnuhfleld, Tlios. Nadauld ; English alienist and 

antianary, 1828-1910. 
Brosoni, G^olamo : Venet. historian, IQlO-^oH 1679. 
Bnuonl, Lndns Domitins : Italian professor of law 

and iacetions writer, ' Specnlum Mundi,' 16th cent. 
Brati, aha. Wm. Gab. : I^ench Boman Catholic 

Bishop of Vincennes, U.S., 1779-1839. 
Brato, Giammichele (Brutns) : Italian iiiatorlan and 

philologist, 1516-1591. 
Btutton, Nicb. : Brit. Uentensnt-colonel, 1780-1843. 
BTQtns.Becins Jnnins ; assassin of Caesar, -B.C. 43. 
Brutus, Jean : eccles. of Paris and wr., 1678*-1762. 
Brutus, liUC. Junius : expeller of the Tarquins, 

-B.O. 509. 
Brutus, Marcus Junius : murderer of Caesar, 

B.C. 85-42. 
Brutus, Pierre : Bishop of Cattaro, -1498. 
Brnyas, Jacques : Fr. miss, in America, fl. 1666-1693. 
Brnydre, Jean de la : See La Bruygre. 
Bruyn, Com. de : Dutch painter and tra v., 1652- 
Bruyn (Bruin), Jan van : Dutch philosopher and 

mathematician. 1620-1675. 
Bruys, Fran;. : French historian, 1708-1738. 
Bruys, Hen. de, of Provence ; founder of Henriciaos, 

-1150'. 
Bruys, Pierre de, of Languedoc ; founder of Petro- 

Brussians, -1147. 
Brazen de la Hartlniire : See MartiniSre. 
Brwynllys, Bedo : Welsh poet, fl. 1450-1480. 
Bry, Tliierry de : Flemish- German goldsmith, en- 
graver and publisher, 1528-1598. 
Bryan, Augustine : Eng. classical schol., -1726. 
Bryan, Sir Fes. : British soldier, statesman and poet, 

-1550. 
Bryan, Geo. ; American jurist, 1731-1791. 
Bryan, Jno. : English logician, -1545. 
Bryan, Jno. ; English ejected minister -1676. 

Bryan, U arg. : Eng. scientiflc writer, fl. 1815. 
Bryan, Math. : Eng. Jacobite preacher, -1699. 
Bryan, Mich,: Eng. art connoiss. and biog., 1757-1821. 
Bryan, Thos. Jeff. : Amer. art collector, 1800*-1870. 
Bryant, Edwin : American pioneer, 1805-1869. 
Bryant, Gridley : American engineer, 1789-1867. 
Bryant, Hy. : English botanist, 1721-1799. 
Bryant, Jac. : Eng. antiq. and philol., 1715-1804. 
Bryant, Joel : Amer. homoeopathic physn., 1813-68. 
Bryant, Sol. : Amer.-Indian divine, 1695-1775. 
Bryant, Thos. : English surgeon, 1828-1914. 
Bryant, Wm. Cullen : Amer. poet and ed., 1794-1878. 
Bryant, Wm. Perkins ; American jurist, 1806-1860. 
Bryaxis : Greek sculptor, B.C. 400*-320*. 
Bryce, Sir Alex. : Brit, major-general, -1832. 
Bryce, Dav. : Scottish architect, 1803-1876. 
Bryce, Jas., ' The Elder ' : Scottish divine, 1767-1867. 
Bryce, Jas., ' The Younger ' : Scot, geologist, 1806-77. 
Bryce, Jno. : Scot.-N.Z. statesman, -1913. 
Brydall, Jno. : English law writer, 1635*- 
Brydges, Grey, 5th Lord Chandos : military com- 
mander, 1579«-1621. 
Brydges, Sir Harford Jones : English diplomatist 

and author, 1764r-1847. 
Brydges, Jas. : 1st Duke of Chandos, 1673-1744. 
Brydges, Sir Jno., 1st Baron Chandos : Lieutenant 

of Tower, 1490*-1556. 
Brydges, Sir Sam. Bgerton : English genealogist and 

miscellaneous writer, 1762-1837. 
Brydon, Jno. McEean : Scot, architect, 1840-1901, 
Brydon, Eob. : English breeder of horses, -1915. 
Brydon, Wm. : Scot, army surg. in Bengal, 1811-78. 
Brydone, Pat. : Soot, traveller and author, 1736-1818. 
Brydson, Thos. : Scottish poet, 1806-1855. 
Bryennius, Mcephorus : Byzantine soldier, states- 
man and liistorian, 1062-1137. 
Bryer, Hy. : English engraver, -1799. 
Bryer, Wm. Fred. : See Bdonin, Willie. 
Bryerwood, Edw. ; See Brerewood. 
Bryghtwell (Brythwell), Thos. : English Wycliffite 

and Chancellor of Oxford, -1390. 
Brymner, Douglas : Canadian archivist, 1823-1902. 
Bryne, Albertus : Eng. organist and comp., 1621»-77. 
Brynknell : See Brinknell. 

Bryskett, Lodowlck (I/ew.) : Irish poet and trans- 
lator, fl. 1571-1611. 
Bryson, Alex., F.E.S. : Scot, medical wr., 1802-1869. 



89 



Bryson, Jas. : Irish Presbyterian mhi., 1730*-1796. 
Bryson, Wm. : Irish Presbyterian min., 1730-1815. 
Brzeska, Hen. Gaudier : French sculptor, -1915. 
Brzozowski, Thaddeos ; Polish general of the Jesuits, 

-1820. 
Buache, Phil. . French hydrographer, 1700-1773. 
Buat Nanffay, Louis Gab., Ct. du ; French diplo- 
matist and writer, 1732-1787. 
Buib, Geo., Lord Melcombe : See Dodington. 
Bubenberg, Adrian : patrician of Berne, -1749. 
Bubna-Llttiz, Ferd., Ct. of : Bohem. gen,, 1768-1825. 
Buc (Buck), Sir Geo. : English historian, poet and 

Master of Bevels, -1623. 
Bueareli y Ursfia, Ant. Maria de : 47th Viceroy of 

Mexico, -1779. 
Buccleuch, Dukes of; See Scott and Montagu — > 

Douglas — Scott. 
Bucer, Mart. : Alsatian Prot. reformer, 1491-1551. 
Buch, Bar. Christ. Leop. von : German geologist 

and geographer, 1774-1853. 
Buchan, Earls of : See Coznyn and Ersldne. 
Buchan, Alex., F.B..S. : Scot, meteorol., 1829-1907. 
Buchan, Alex. Pet. : Scot, physician, 1764-1824. 
Buchan, And. of : Bishop of Caithness, -1309*. 
Buchan, David : British explorer, 1780-1837. 
Buchan (Simpson), Elspeth : Scottish religious 

fanatic, 1738-1791. 
Buchan, Laurence : Canadian general, 1847-1909. 
Buchan, Pet. : Scot, coll, of Scot, ballads, 1790-1854, 
Buchan, Thos. : Scottish Jacobite general. -1720. 
Buchan, Wm. : Scottish physician, 1729-1805. 
Buchanan, And., of Drumpellier : Lord Provost of 

Glasgow, 1690-1759. 
Buchanan, Sir And. : Scot, diplomatist, 1807-1882. 
Buchanan, Claudius ; Anglo-Indian traveller, divine 

and translator, 1766-1815. 
Buchanan, Dav. : Scottish writer, 1595«-1652«. 
Buchanan, Dav., ' The Elder ' ; Scottish printer and 

publisher, 1745-1812. 
Buchanan, Dav., ' The Younger ' : Scottish author 

and journalist, 1779-1848. 
Buchanan, Dav. ; Austral, politician, 1832-1890. 
Buchanan, Dugald : Scottish Gaelic poet, 1716-1768. 
Buchanan, Fes. Hamilton : Scot, liist., 1762-1829. 
Buchanan, Franklin : American admiral, 1800-1874. 
Buchanan, Geo. ; Scottish humanist, historian and 

poet, 1506-1582. 
Buchanan, Geo. : Scottish civil engineer, 1790*-1852. 
Buchanan, Sir Geo., F.K.S. : Bug. med off,, 1831-95. 
Buchanan, (Jeo. : Scottish surgeon, 1827-1905. 
Buchanan, Isaac : Canad. statesm, and wr,, 1810-83, 
Buchanan, Jas. : 15th Pres. of the XI.S,, 1791-1868. 
Buchanan, Jas. : Scot, theological writer, 1804-1870. 
Buchanan, Jno. Lanne : Scot, author, fl. 1780-1816. 
Buchanan, Jos. : American inventor, 1785-1329. 
Buchanan, Jos. Rhodes : American physician and 

writer, 1814- 
Buchanan, McKean: American actor, 1823-1872. 
Buchanan, Rob. : Scottish Socialist, 1813-1866. 
Buchanan, Bx>b. : professor of logic, Glasgow Uni- 
versity, 1785-1873. 
Buchanan, B.ob. ; Scottish Church leader and theo- 
logian, 1802-1875. 
Buchanan, Rob. Christie : American major-general 

in the Federal Army, 1810-1878. 
Buchanan, Rob. Williams : English poet, novelist 

journalist and miscellaneous writer, 1841-1901. ' 
Buchanan, Robertson : Scot, civil engin,, 1770-1816, 
Buchanan, Sarah : American pioneer, -1831 
Buchanan, Thos. McKean : Amer. nav. off., 1837^2 
Buchanan, Wm, : Scottish advocate, 1781-1863 
Buchel, Kourad : German jurist, 1800-1875, 
Bncheier, Franz : Germ, class, schol,, 1837-1908 
Bucher, Bruno Adalbert : German writer on art and 

museum director, 1826-1899, 
Bucher, Jordan : German Cath. theol, 1823-1870 
Bucher, Lothar: German statesman 'and publicist 

1817-1892. 
Bucheron, Carlo : Italian philologist -1830 

Buchez, PhU. Jos. Ben. : French author and 

pohtician, 1796-1865. 
Buchheim, Chas. Ad. : Austrian-English translator 

and Critic, 1827-1900. 
Buchheim, Paul : See Pa^ns 

BucUer, Joh. : German philologist, fl. 17th century. 



BiJCHMANN DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY BUHAHYLHA-BYNGEZLA 



BUchmann, Geo. : German philologist, 1822-1884. 
Buchner, Alois : Germ. Cath. theol., 1783-1869. 
Buchner^ Aug. : professor at Wittenberg, 1591-1661. 
Buchner, Aug. : German publicist, 1848-1899. 
Buchner, Ernst : German physician and professor of 

medicine, 1812-1872. 
Blichner, Fried. Karl Ciirist. Ludw. : German physn., 

and scient.and philos.wr., "Kraft und Stoff,'1824-99. 
Buchner, Joh. And. Elias : Germ. med. wr., 1701-69. 
Bttchner, Karl Wilh. Ferd. : Germ, philol., 1807-81. 
Buchner, Ludw. Andreas : German physician and 

medical writer, 1813-1897. 
Bucholds (Bucoltz, Bucoldianus) ; German philolo- 
gist, fl. 1529. 
Bucholtzer, Abr. : German divine, 1529-1584. 
Bucholz, Christ. Fried. : German chemist, 1770-1818. 
Bucholz, Wilh. Hein. : Germ, mineralogist, 1734-98. 
Buchon, Jean Alex. ; French scholar and historical 

writer, 1791-1849. 
Buc'hoz, Pierre Jos. : Alsatian botanist, 1731-1807. 
Blichsel, Karl : German theologian, 1803-1889. 
Buchser, Franz : Swiss painter, 1828-1890. 
Buchta, Bich. : Austrian painter and traveller, 

1845-1894. 
Buck, Adam : English portrait painter, 1759-1833. 
Buck, Chas. : English Independent divine, 1771-1815. 
Buck, Dudley : Amer. musical composer, 1839-1909. 
Buck, Sir Geo. : See Buc. 
Buck, Gurdon : Amer. smrg. and wr., 1807-1877. 
Buck, Jno. Wm. : English barrister, -1821. 
Buck, Mich. Rich. : Germ, poet and hist., 1832-88. 
Buck, Sam. : English engraver and topographical 

draughtsman, 1696-1779. 
Buck, Zachariah : English organist, 1798-1879. 
Bucke, Chas. : Eng. dram, and writer, 1781-1846. 
Buckenham, Bob. : Eng. Domin. friar, fl. 1530. 
Buckeridge (Buckridge), Jno. : Bishop of Rochester 

and Ely, 1562*-1631. 
Buckholdt (Beukelsz or Bockelszoon), Joh. (John of 

Leiden) : Dutch Anabaptist fanatic, 1508*-1535. 
Buckhout, I. Craig : Amer. civil engin., 1831-1874. 
Buckhurst, Lord : See Sackville, Thos. 
Buckingham, Edw. Stafford, Duke of : See Stafford. 
Buckingham, Dukes of : See Grcnville and Villiers. 
Buckingham and Chandos, Dukes of : See Villiers. 
Buckingham, Ear] and Marquis of : See Temple. 
Buckingham, Catharinus Putnam : American briga- 
dier-general and merchant, 1808-1888. 
Buckingham, Sir Jas. : Anglo-Indian tea planter, 

1843-1912. 
Buckingham, Jas. Silk ; English traveller and 

author, 1786-1855. 
Buckingham, Jos. Tinker : Amer. journ,, 1779-1861. 
Buckingham, Leicester Silk ; English dramatist and 

lecturer, 1825-1867. 
Buckingham, Osbern : See Bokenham. 
Buckingham, Wm. Alf. : Governor of Connecticut, 

1804-1875. 
Buckinghamshire, Duke of : See Sheffield, Jno. 
Buckinghamshire, Earls of : See Hobart. 
Buckink, Arn. : German engraver, fl. 1450*. 
Buckland, Fes. Matth. : Eng. cricketer, 1854-1913. 
Buckland, Fes. Trevelyan : English naturalist and 

zoologist, 1826-1880. 
Buckland, Jno. R. ; Tasmanian divine, 1819-1874. 
Buckland, Ralph : Eng. R.C. divine, 1564-1611. 
Buckland, Ralph Pomeroy : American major- 
general, 1812-1892. 
Buckland, Wm., F.R.S. . Dean of Westminster and 

geologist, 1784-1866. 
Buckle, Sir Claude Hy. Mason : Eng. adm., 1803-94. 
Buckle, Hy. Thos. ; English historian of civilisation, 

1821-1862. 
Buckler, Ben. : English antiquary, 1718-1780. 
Buckler, Jno. : English topographical artist and 

architect, 1770-1851. 
Buckler, Wm. : English entomologist, 1814-1884. 
Buckley, Cecil Wm. : Brit. nav. captain, 1828-1872. 
Buckley, Jno. : See Jones, Jno. 
Buckley, Sir Pat. Alphonaus : Irish statesman in 

New Zealand, 1840-1896. 
Buckley, Rob. (Sigebert) : English Benedictine monk, 

1517-1610. 
Buckley, Sam. Botsford : Amer. naturalist, 1809-84. 
Buckley, Theod. Wm. Alois : English classical 

scholar, 1825-1856. 
Buckley, Wm. : English mathematician, -1570*. 



90 



Buckley, Wm., ' The Wild White Man ' : convict in 

Australia, 1780-1866. 
Buckman, Jas. : English geologist, 1816-1884. 
Buckmaster, Thos. : Eng. div. and astron., fl. 1566. 
Buckmaster, Wm. : vice-chancellor of Cambridge 

University, -1545. 
Buckminster, Jos. : American divine, 1751-1812. 
Buckminster, Jos. Stevens : Amer. div., 1784-1812. 
Buckminster, Wm. : American soldier, 1736-1786. 
Buckminster, Wm. J. : Amer. journalist, 1813-1878. 
Buckner, Alex. : Russ. historian, 1835-1896. 
BuckniU, Sir Jno. Chas., F.R.S.: Eng. physn., 1817-97. 
Buckshorn, Jos. : Dutch pntr. in London, fl. 1670. 
Buckstone, Jno. Baldwin : English actor and 

dramatist, 1802-1879. 
Buckton, Geo. Bowdler, F.R.S. ; English entomolo- 
gist, 1818-1905. 
Bucquet, Jean Bapt. Marie : French experimental 

philosopher, 1746-1780. 
Budsens : See also Bud6. 
Budd, Chas. Hy. : Amer. physician, 1822-1880. 
Budd, E. H. : English cricketer, 1785-1875. 
Budd, Geo. : English painter, fl. 1766. 
Budd, Geo., F.R.S. : English professor at King's 

CoUege, London, 1808-1882. 
Budd, Hy. ; English theologian, 1774-1853. 
Budd, Rich. : English physician, 1746-1821. 
Budd, Wm., F.R.S. : English physician, 1811-1880. 
Buddseus, Joh. Franz, of Jena : theol., 1667-1729. 
Budde, Herm. von : German general and statesman, 

1851-1906. 
Budden, Jno. : Eng. prof, of civil law, 1566-1620. 
Buddenbrock, Gust., Bar. von : Germ, gen., 1810-95. 
Buddenbrock, Joh. Jobst Hein. Wilh., Baron von : 

German general, 1707-1781. 
Buddeus, Joh. Franz : German Lutheran divine, 

1667-1729. 
Buddie, Adam : English botanist, -1715. 
Buddie, Jno. : Eng. mining engineer, 1773-1843. 
Bud6 (Budasus), Guil. : Fr. phUologist, 1467-1540. 
Budge, Edw. : English theologian and miscellaneous 

writer, 1800-1866. 
Budge, Ludw. Jul. : German medical writer and 

professor, 1811-1885. 
Budgell, Eustace : English miscellaneous writer and 

man of letters, 1686-1737. 
Budgett, Sam. : English merchant, 1794-1851. 
Budik, Pet. Alcant : Germ, librarian, 1792-1868. 
Budington, Wm. Ives : Amer. div. and wr., 1815-79. 
Budritzki, Rudolf Otto von ; Germ, gen., 1812-1876. 
Budworth (Palmer), Jos. : See Palmer. 
Budworth, Wm. : Eng. schoolmaster, -1745. 
Bu6, Jules Th&jphile : French teacher of French 

in England, 1826-1897. 
Bueil, Jean de, Ct. de Sancerre ; French admiral, 

-^ost 1474. 
Buel, Jesse : Amer. agricult. and poL, 1778-1839. 
Buell, Abel : American mechanic, 1750*-1825*. 
Buell, Don Carlos : Amer. major-general, 1818-1898. 
Buell, Rufus F. : Amer. missionary, 1813-1866. 
Buir, Hein. : German physicist, 1805-1878. 
Buflalmaco, ' Buonamico di Cristofano ' : Florentine 

poet and wit, 1273*-1340. 
BuHet, Louis Jos. : French statesman, 1818-1898. 
Bufller, Claude : French philosopher, historian and 

educationist, 1661-1737. 
Button, Geo. Louis Leclerc, Ct. de : Fr. nat., 1707-88. 
BuSum, Edw. Gould : Amer. journalist, 1820*-1867. 
Butord, Abr. : American soldier, -1833. 
Butord, Abr. : Amer. brig.-gen., 1820-1864. 
Bulord, Jno. : American maj^r-general, 1825-63. 
Bulord, Nap. Bon. : Amer. major-gen., 1807-83. 
Button, Eleanor (Mrs. Arth. Swanborough) : English 

actress, 1840*-1893. 
Bugeaud de la Piconnerie, Thos. Rob., Due d'Isly : 

Marshal of France, 1784-1849. 
Bugenhagen, Joh., ' Pomeranus ' • German re- 
former, 1486-1558. 
Bugg, Fes. : English Quaker renegade and writer 

against Quakerism, 1640-1724*. 
Bugge, Sophus : Norw. philologist, 1833-1907. 
Bttgge, Thos. : Dan. astron. and geog., 1740-1816. 
Buglardlnl, Giuliano : pntr. of Florence, 1475-1554. 
Buglioni, Franc. : Italian sculptor, -1620. 
Bu Hamara, ' El Roghi ' ; Moroccan pretender, 

1868*-1914. 
Bubabylha-Byngezla : Moham. physn., -1099. 



BUHL 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BUNNY 



Buhl, Franz Armand : Germ, politician, 1837-1896. 

Buhl, Jos. Dav. : French trumpeter, 1781- 

Buhle, Joh. Gottlieb : German philosopher and 

philologist, 1763-1821. 
Bllhler, Johann Anton : Swiss philologist, 1827-1897. 
BUbler, Joh. Geo. : Austr.-Ind. Orientalist, 1837-98. 
Bull, Bernardo ; Spanish missionary, -1520. 
Bulsers, Diderik : Flemish poet, 1640*-1721. 
Buissidre (Bussidre), Paul : French surgeon and 

anatomist in England, -1739. 
Bulst, Geo. ; Scot.-Amer. div. and author, 1770-1808. 
Buist, Geo. : Anglo-Iud. journ. and sclent., 1805-60. 
BDlster, Phil. : sculptor of Brussels, 1595-1688. 
Bnlte, Saint. ' Bishop of the Monastery,' -521. 
Bakentop, Hy. van, of Antwerp : controversialist 

and divine, -1716. 
BulsBus : See Boulay, du. 
Bularchus : painter, fl. B.C. 720, 
Bnlengerus : See Boulenger. 
BulSnch, Chas. : American architect, 1763-1844. 
Bulfineh, Steph. Greenleaf : American divine and 

author, 1809-1870. 
Bulfineh, Thos. : Amer. miscell. writer, 1796-1867. 
Bulgaria, Thad. ; Russ. nov. and essayist, 1789-1859. 
Bulgails, Eugenics ; Greek Archbishop of Cherson, 

1716-1806. 
Bslkele; (Bokeley), Arth. ; Bishop of Bangor, 

-1553. 
Bulkeley, Eliphalet Adams : Amer. lawyer, 1803-72. 
Bnlkeley, Launcelot : Archbp. of Dublin, 1568*-1650. 
Bulkeley, Pet. : Amer. div. and Lat. poet, 1583-1659. 
Bulkeley, Sir Eloh. : English courtier, 1533-1621. 
Bulkeley, Rich. : English Eoyalist gen., -1650. 
Bulkeley, Sir Rich. : Irish author, 1644-1710. 
Bulkeley, Lady (Mrs. Sophia) : Eng. Jacobite, fl. 1688. 
Bulkley, Chas. : English Baptist divine, 1719-1797. 
Bulkley, Hy. Daggett ; Amer. physician, 1803-1872. 
Bulkley, Peter : English divine, 1583-1659. 
Bull, Dan. ; English ejected minister, fl. 1667-1681. 
Bull, G. : English cricketer, 1861-1893. 
Bull, Geo. : Bishop of St. David's, 1634-1710. 
Bull, Geo. Jos. : Canadian-French oculist and in- 
ventor, 1848-1911. 
Bull, Hy. : Eng. theological writer, -1575*. 
Bull, Hy. : Governor of Rhode Island, 1609-1693. 
Bull, Jno. : English musical composer, 1562'-1628. 
Bull, Jno. : English fanatic, -1642. 
Bull, Ole Bornemann : Norw. violinist, 1810-1880. 
Bull, Wm. : Lieut.-Gov. of S. CaroUua, 1710-1791. 
Bull, Wm. : Eng. Independent minister, 1738-1814. 
Bull, Wm. Tillinghast : Amer. surgeon, 1849-1909 
BuUakei : See also Bullokar. 
Bullaker, Thos. : English Franciscan friar and 

martyr, 1604*-1642. 
BuUant, Jean : French architect, 1620*-1578. 
BuUard, Asa ; Amer. divine and author, 1804- 
BttUard, Hy. Adams : American jurist, 1781-1851. 
BuUard, Talbot : American physician, 1815-1863. 
Bullein, Wm. ; English physician, -1576. 
Bullen, Sir Chas. : British admural, 1769-1853. 
Bullen, Prank Thos. : English novelist, 1857-1915 
Bullen, Geo. : English librarian, 1816-1894. 
BuUer, Chas. : English statesman, 1806-1848 
BuUer, Sir Fes. : English judge, 1746-1800. 
BuUer, Sur Geo. : British general, 1802-1884. 
Buller, Jas. : Eng.-N.Z. divine and author, 1812-84 
BuUer, Sir Redvers Hy. : British general, 1839-1908 
BuUer, Sir Walter Lawry, F.R.S. : New Zealand 

ornithologist, 1838-1906. 
Bullet, Jean Bapt. : Pr. theol. and antiq., 1699-1776 
Bullet, Pierre : French architect, 1650*- 
BuUeyn, Wm. : See Bullein. 
BulUaldus (Boulliau), Ismael: French astronomer 

and mathematician, 1605-1694. 
BuUiard, Pierre ; French botanist, 1752*-1793, 
BuUinger, Hein. : Swiss reformer, 1504-1575 
BuUingham, Moh. : Bishop of Lincoln and Wor- 
cester, 1512*-1576. 
BuUingham, Rich. : See Billingham. 
Bullion, Claude de : French statesman -1640 

Bullions, Pet. : Amer. div. and phUol., 1791-1864! 
BuUItt, Alex. Scott : Amer. statesman, 1761-1816. 
Bulloch, Arch. : American lawyer, 1730-1777. 
BuUoeh, Irvine Steph. : American confederate 

saUor and BngUsh merchant, 1822-1898. 
Bulloch, Jno. : Scot. Shakspearian wr., 1805-1882. 
BuUoch, Jno. : Scottish antiquary, 1837-1913. 



Bulloch, Wm. BeUinger : Amer. senator, 1776-1852. 
Bullock, Alex. Hamilton ; Governor of Massa- 
chusetts, 1816-1882. 
BuUock, Christopher : English actor and dramatist, 

1690»-1724. 
BuUock, Geo. : English R.C. divme, 1521*-1580*. 
BuUock, Hy. : En^h divine, -1526. 
BuUock, Jon. RusseU : American judge, 1815- 
Bullock, Thos. Lowndes : English professor of 

Chinese, 1837-1915. 
BuUock, Wm. : English actor, 1657*-1740*. 
BuUock, Wm. : Eng. trav., nat. and antiq., fl. 1827. 
BuUock, Wm. A. : American inventor, 1813-1867. 
Bullock, Wm. Thos. : English divine, 1818-1879. 
Bullokar, Jno. ; English lexicographer, fl. 1622. 
Bullokar, Wm. : English phonetist, fl. 1586. 
BuUus, Oscar : American naval officer, 1800*-1871. 
Bulmer, Agnes : Eng. Wesleyan writer, 1775-1836. 
Bnlmer, Wm, : English typographer, 1757-1830. 
Bulmerlncq, Aug. von : Russ.-Germ. jurist, 1822-90, 
Billow, Adam Hein. Dietrich von : German soldier 

and military writer, 1767*-1807. 
BQlow, Bern. Ern. von : Danish and German 

statesman, 1815-1879. 
Billow, Burghart Hein. Fried. Adolf Otto von : 

German military writer, 1855-1892. 
Blilow, Fried. Wilh., Bar. von : Germ, gen., 1756-1816. 
Billow, Frieda, Baroness von : Germ, nov., 1857-1909. 
Baiow, Hans Adolf Jul. von : Germ, gen., 1816-1897. 
Billow, Hans Guido von : German pianist, con- 
ductor and composer, 1830-1894. 
Blilow, Hein. von : German statesman, 1792-1846. 
Billow, Joh. Albrecht von : Germ, gen., 1708-1776. 
Billow, Ludw. Fried. Victor Hans, Count von : 

German statesman, 1774-1825. 
Billow, Margarete vou : Germ, novelist, 1860-1884. 
Bulow, Ulrich von : German general, -1915. 
Biilow-Cummerow, Em. von : Prussian publicist, 

1775-1851. 
Buls, Chas. : Belgian poUtician and burgomaster of 

Brussels, 1837-1914. 
Bulstrode, Edw. : English lawyer, 1588-1669. 
Bulstrode, Sir Rich. : English Royalist soldier, 

author and diplomatist, 1610-1711. 
Bulstrode, Whitelooke : English controversiaUst and 

mystical writer, 1850-1724. 
Bulteau, Louis : Fr, wr. on monastic history, 1625-93. 
Bulteel, Hy. BeUenden : Bug. controvers., 1800-66. 
Bulteel, Jno. : Eng. translator and writer, fl. 1683. 
Bulwer, Sir Edw. Earle Gascoyne : British general, 

1829-1910. 
Bulwer, Edw. Geo. Earle Lytton, Lord Lytton ■ 

See Lytton. 
Bulwer, Sir Hy. Ern. Gascoyne : British colonial 

governor, 1836-1914. 
Bulwer, Jno. : English physician, writer on deaf- 
mutism and medical writer, fl. 1654. 
Bulwer, Rosma Boyle, Lady Lytton : See Lytton. 
Bjllwer, Wm. Hy. Lytton Earle, Baron Dalling and 
Bulwer, known as Sir Hy. Bulwer : diplom.,1801-72. 
Bumaidus ; See Montalbini, 0^idio. 
Bumpus, Mary Frances : See Allitsen, 
Bumstead, Freeman Josiah : American physician and 

writer, 1826-1879. 
Bunbury, Sir Hy. Edw. : Brit, general, 1778-1860. 
Bunbury, Hy. Wm. : Eng. caricaturist, 1750-1811. 
Bunch, Sam. : Amer. soldier and pol., 1786-1849. 
Buncombe, Edw. : Amer. sold, and pol., -1777. 
Bundy, Rich. : Eng. div. and translator, -1739. 
Bunel, Jac. : Pr. historical painter, 1558-1620*. 
Bunel, Pierre, of Toulouse : Latin schol., 1499-1546. 
Bunemann, Joh. Ludolph : Germ, bibliog.,1687-1759 
Bungay, Thos. : Eng. Franciscan friar, fl. 1290. 
Bunge, Alex, von : Russian botanist, 1803-1890. 
Bunge, Fried. Geo. von : Russ.-Germ. jurist, 1802-97. 
Bunge, Nich. Christianovich : Russian statesman 

and statistician, 1822-1896. 
Bunn, Alf. : English theatrical manager and dra- 
matic author, 1796-1860. 
Bunn, Marg. Agnes : Scottish actress, 1799-1883 
Bunner, Hy. Cuyler : American writer, 1855-1896 
Bunnick, Jac. van : Dutch painter, -1725. 
Bunnick, Joh. van : Dutch historical and portrait 

pamter, 1654-1717. 
Bunning, Jas. Bunstone : Ens. architect, 1802-1883 
Bunny, Brice Fred, ; Commissioner of Titles, Victoria 
1820—1885. ' 



91 



BUNNY 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BURGH 



Bunny, Edm. : Eug. theological writer, 1540-1618. 
Bunny, Fes. : Eng. tlieological writer, 1543-1617. 
Buno, Joh. : German grammarian, -1697. 
Buna, Eonrad : German engraver, -1671. 
Bunon, Bob., of Paris : dentist, 1702-1748. 
Bunsen, Clirist. Carl Josias, Baron : Prussian 

ambassador and scholar, 1791-1860. 
Bunsen, Em. de ; German-English theologian and 

Biblical writer, 1819-1903. 
Bunsen, Frances : wife of Bar. Bunsen, 1791-1878. 
Bunsen, Geo. von : German politician, 1824-1896. 
Bunsen, Joh. Ern. Fried. Gustav : German- 
American revolutionist, 1804- 
Bunsen, Rob. Wilh. von, F.R.S. ; German chemist 

and inventor, 1811-1899. 
Bunting, Edw, : Irish music, and antiq., 1773-1843. 
Bunting, Jabez : Eng. Wesleyan min., 1779-1858. 
Bunting, Sir Percy Wm. : English social reformer 

and journalist, 1836-1911. 
Bunting, Wm. Machardie : English Wesleyan 

mhuster, 1805-1866. 
Bunyan, Jno. : English Puritan and author of 

' Pilgrun's Progress,' 1628-1688. 
Buol-Sehauenstein, Carl Ferd. ; Austrian statesman, 

1797-1867. 
Buon, Bartolommeo : Venet. sculptor, fl. 1440. 
Buon, Giovanni : Venet. sculptor, 1375-1445. 
Buonaccorsi, Blaise ; Ital. hist, and poet, fl. 1568. 
Buonaccorsi, Filippo, ' Gallimaco ' : Italian Latin 

writer, 1437«-1496. 
Buonaecorsi, Pietro, ' Perino del Vaga * ; Tuscan 

painter, 1500-1647. 
Buonafede, Appiano ; Ital, philos., 1716-1793. 
Buonamici, Castruccio : Ital. hist, wr., 1710-1761. 
Buonamici, Lazaro, of Fadua ; Latin poet and 

writer, 1479-1652. 
Buonamico di Cristofano (Buffalmacco) : Italian 

painter, 1262-1340. 
Buonanni, Giac. : Italian antiquary, 1600*-1636. 
Buonaparte : See Bonaparte. 
Buonarroti, Filippo : Flor. antiquary, 1661-1788. 
Buonarroti, Mich. Angelo ; Italian painter, sculptor, 

architect and poet, 1474-1564. 
Buonarroti, Mich. Angelo ; Ital dram., 1568-1646. 
Buondni : See Bononcini. 

Buonconsiglio, Giov., *I1 Marescalco' • Italian re- 
ligious painter, ii. 1500. 
Biiondelmonti, Cristoforo de' : Flor. arcbseol.,fl. 1420, 
Buonflglio, Gins. Constant : Ital. hist., -1615*. 
Buoninsegni, Duccio di ; pntr. of Siena, -1340*. 
Buonmattei, Benedetto :■ Flor. gram., 1581-1647. 
Buono, Candido del : Ital. physicist, 1618-1676. 
Buononcini, Giov. Batt. : Italian musical composer, 

-1750*. 
Buontalenti, Bern., ' Girandole ' : Florentine painter, 

sculptor and architect, 1536-1608. 
Bupalus, sculptor and architect, fl. B.C. 500. 
BUFGBus ; See Bure, And. and Johan. 
Buranello, ' Balthasar Galuppi ' : Italian musical 

composer, 1703-1785. 
Buratti, Pietro : Italian satirist, 1778*-1822. 
Burbage, Jas. : English actor, -1697. 
Burbage, Rich. : English actor, 1567*-1619. 
Burbank, Sid. : Amer. brig.-general, 1807-1882. 
Burbeck, Hy. : Amer. brig.-general, 1754-1848. 
BurUdge, Edw. : Eng. liturgiologlst, 1839-1903. 
Burbidge, F. : English cricketer, 1832-1892. 
Burbldge, Fred. Wm. : Eng. botanist, 1847-1905. 
Burbidge, Geo. Wheelock : Canad. judge, 1847-1908. 
Burbury, Sam. Hawksley, F.R.S. : English mathe- 
matician, 1831-1911. 
Burcard : See Brocard. 

Burch, Edw., R.A. : Eng. min. pntr., fl. 1771-1808. 
Burch, Edw., R.A. : Eng. gem engraver, -ante 1840. 
Burchard ; See Brocard. 
Burchard : Bp. of Halberstadt, fl. 1060-1073. 
Burchard: Bishop of Lausanne, -1088. 
Burchard (Bouchard) : Bp. of Worms, fl. 1006-1022. 
Burchard, St. : Bp. of Wttrzburg, -754. 
Burchard, Joh., of Wesel ; reformer, -1482. 
Burchard, Johannes : Qerm.-Ital. bp., -1506. 
Burchardl, Geo. Christ. : Germ, jurist, 1795-1882. 
BuTchell, Wra. Jno. : English explorer and naturalist, 

1782*-1863. 
Burchett, Josiah : English Secretary of the Admiralty, 

1666*-1746. 
Burobett, Rich. ; Eng. subject painter, 1815-1875. 



Burohhardt, Max : Germ. mil. surgeon, 1837-1897. 
Burchiello, Dora., of Florence : burlesque poet, 

1380*-1448. 
Burchioni, Angelo : Ital. philologist, fl. 17th century. 
Burck, Joachim von : See Moller, Joachim. 
Burckhard, Jak. : German philologist, 1681-1753. 
Burckhardt, Christ. Hein. : German painter on 

glass, 1824-1893. 
Burckhardt, Jac. : Swiss hist, and wr. on art, 1818-97. 
Burckhardt, Joh. Karl : Germ, astronomer, 1773-1825. 
Burckhardt, Joh. Ludw. : Swiss-English traveller 

and Orientalist, 1784^-1817. 
Burekhardt-Mcrian, Alb. : Swiss aurist, 1843-1886. 
Burdeau, Aug. Laurence : French statesman and 

philosopher, 1851-1894. 
Burden, Hv. : American inventor, 1791-1871. 
Bttrde-Ney, Jenny {nie Ney) : Austr. voc, 1826-86. 
Burder, Geo. : Eng. Congregational min., 1752-1832. 
Burder, Hy. Forster: Eng. Nonconf. div., 1783-1884. 
Burder, Sam. : English divine, 1773-1837. 
Burder, Thos. Harrison : Eng. physician, 1789-1843. 
Burdett, Sir Fes. : English poUtician, 1770-1844. 
Burdett, Sam. H. : Eng.-Amer. general, 1836-1914. 
Burdett-Ooutts, Angela Georgina, Baroness Burdett- 

Coutts : BngUsh philanthropist, 1814-1906. 
Burden, Jno. Shaw : Scottish missionary, bishop 

and Chinese scholar, 1826-1907. 
Burden, Wm. : EngUsh misceU. writer, 1764-1818. 
Burdon-Sanderson, Sir Jno. Scott : English physiolo- 
gist, professorof medicine and med. wr., 1828-1905. 
Burdy, Sam. : Irish author, 1760*-1820. 
Bure (Buraeus), And. : Swedish geog., 1571-1646. 
Bure, Cath. : Swedish scholar, 1602*-1679. 
Bure, Gull. Franc, de : See Debure. 
Bure, Johan : Swedish antiquarian, 1568-1652. 
Burell, Jno. : See Burrel. 
Buren : See also Van Buren. 

Buren, Mart, van : Pros, of Unit«d States, 1782-1862. 
Burenius, Arn. (Warwick) : Germ, philol., 1485-1566. 
Burette, Pierre Jean : Fr. archaeologist, 1665-1741. 
Burford, Earl of ; See Beauclerk, Chas, 
Burlord, Rob. : Bug. panorama pntr., 1791-1861. 
Burford, Thos. : Eng. mezzotint engrav., fl. 1740-65. 
Burg, von der : German general, -1910. 
Burgeoise, Sir Fes., R,A. : English painter, founder 

of Dulwich Gallery, -1811. 
Bttrger, Gottfried Aug. : German poet, 1748-1794, 
Burger, Louis : Amer. brigadier-general, 1821-1871. 
Burgers, Thos. Fran(. : Aesident of Transvaal Re- 

pubUo, 1834-1881. 
Burgersdyck, Franco Petri: Dutch logician, 1590- 

1629. 
Burges (Burgess), Corn.; English ejected minister, 

1589«-1665. 
Burges, Geo. : Eng. Grk. schol. and dram., 1786-1864. 
Burges, 8k Jas. Bland (afterwards Lamb) : English 

poUtician, poet and dramatist, 1752-1824. 
Burges, Jno. : English physician, 1745-1807. 
Burges, Mary Anne : English authoress, 1763-1813. 
Burges, Tristam : American jurist, 1770-1853. 
Burges, Wm. : English architect, 1827-1881. 
Burgess, Ant. : EngUsh divme, fl. 1652. 
Burgess, Dan. : Eng. Presbyterian div., 1645-1713. 
Burgess, Ebenezer : Amer. Congreg. min., 1790-1870. 
Burgess, Ebenezer : Amer. miss, to India, 1805-1870. 
Burgess, Qeo. : Amer. P.E. Bp. of Maine, 1809-1866. 
Burgess, Hy. : English divine, 1808-1886. 
Burgess, Jno. : Eng. Puritan divine, 1669-1635. 
Burgess, Jno. : Eng. ejected minister, -1671. 
Burgess, Jno. Bagnold, R.A. : Eng. pntr., 1829-97. 
Burgess, Jno. Cart : English flower and landscape 

pahiter, 1798-1863. 
Burgess, Jos. Tom : English antiquary, 1828-1886. 
Burgess, Rich. : Eng. BibUcal scholar, 1796-1881. 
Burgess, Thoa. : EngUsh pamter, fl. 1786. 
Burgess, Thos. : EngUsh painter, 1784*-1807. 
Burgess, Thos. : Bishop of Salisbury, 17B6-1837. 
Burgess, Thos. : Eng. R.C. Bp. of Clifton, 1791-1854. 
Burgess, W. H. : AnstraUan politician, 1820-1885. 
Burgess, Wm. : English painter, 1749*-1812. 
Burgess, Wm. : English engraver, 1755*-181S. 
Burgess, Wm. Oakley : English mezzotint engraver, 

1818-1844. 
Burggrave, Joh. Phil. : Germ. med. wr., 1700-1775. 
Burgh, Benedict : prebendary of St. Paul's and 

translator, fl. 1472. 
Burgh, Hubert de : Eng. chief justiciar, -1243. 



92 



BURGH 



DICTIONARY OF 0NIVEESAL BIOGRAPHY 



BURNET 



Bnrgli, Jas. : Scottbh political writer, 1714-1775. 
Burgh, Sir Jno. ; Sag. inil. and nay. com., 1562-1594. 
Burgh, Eich. de : Irish settler, -1243. 
Burgh, Well, de : 2nd Earl of Ulster and 4th of 

Connaught, 1259*-1328. 
Burgh, tJlick de, Marquis of Clanrlcarde: Royalist 

and general, 1604-1657. 
Burgh, Sir Ulysses Bagenal, Lord Dowries ; general, 

1788-1863. 
Burgh, Walter de : Earl of Ulster, -1271. 
Burgh, Walter Hussey : Irish statesman, 1742-1783. 
Burgh, Wm. de : 3rd Earl of Ulster and 6th of 

Connaught, 1312-1332. 
Burgh, Wm. : Bng. pol. and controvers., 1741-1808. 
Burghall, Edw. : English Puritan, -1665. 
Burghers, Mich. : Dutch engraver and draughtsman 

in England, 1653*-1727. 
Burghersh, Lord : See also Fane. 
Burghersh, Bart., Lord, ' The Elder ' : English 

baron, -1855, 
Burghersh, Bart., Lord, ' The Younger ' : English 

baron and crusader, -1369. 
Burghersh, Ky. ; Bishop of Lincoln and chancellor, 

1292-1340. 
Burghley, Wm. Cecil, Lord : See Cecil. 
Burgis, Edw. : Eng. B.C. div. and author, 1673*-1747. 
Burgkmair, Joh. or Hans : German painter and 

wood engraver, 1474*-1531. 
BurgmttUer, Norbeit : Germ. mus. comp., 1810-36. 
Burgo, de : See Burke, Thos. 
Burgon, Jno. Wm. : English divme, 1813-1888. 
Bnrgon, Thos. : English numismatist, 17S7-1S68. 
Burgos, Franc. Xav. ; Span, statesman, 1778- 
Burgoyne, Hugh Talbot : Brit. nav. capt., 1833-70. 
Burgoyne, Sir Jno. : British general, 1739-1785. 
Burgoyne, Jno. : Brit. gen. and dram., 1722-1792. 
Burgoyne, Sir Jno. Fox : British engineer and 

general, 1782-1871. 
Burgoyne, Montagu : English politician, 1750-1836. 
Burgoyne, Thos. : English cricketer, 1805-1879. 
Burgred : Eing of Mercia, fl. 852-874. 
Burgsted, Walter de : See Berstede. 
Burgundio, Horatio : Italian Jesuit and mathe- 
matician, 1679-1741. 
Burgundius (Bourgoigne), Nic, Count Palatine: 

historian, 1586-1639. 
Burgundus (Ant. de Bourgogue), 1594*-1657. 
Burgundy, Dukes of : See Charles, Philip, John. 
Burgundy, Louis : Dauphin, grandson of Louis XIV., 

1682-1712. 
Burgundy, Marg., Duchess of : See Margaret. 
Burhill (Burghill), Rob. : Bng, divine, 1672-1641. 
Burhred (Burgraed) : K;ing of Mercia, fl. 852-874, 
Buridan, Jean : French philosopher and schoolman, 

1297»-1358». 
Burigny, Jean Levesque de ; French historical and 

biographical writer, 1692-1785. 
Burk, Jno. Daly : Irish hist, in America, -1808. 

Burk, Jno. Junius : Amer, lawyer and judge, 1800-66. 
Burke, jEdanus : American jurist, 1743-1802. 
Burke, Edm. : Irish statesman and philosophical and 

political WTiter, 1729-1797. 
Burke, Edm. : Irish judge, 1802-1835. 
Burke, Edm. : American lawyer, 1809-18S2, 
Burke, Jno. : Irish genealogist, 1787-1848, 
Burke, Sir Jno. Bern, : Eng. genealogist, 1814-1892, 
Burke, Pet, : Irish serjeant-at-law, 1811-1881, 
Burke, Rob, O'Hara : Irish Austral, expl,, 1820-1861, 
Burke, Thos. (de Burgo) : historian of the Irish 

Dominicans, 1710»-1776. 
Burke, Thos. : Gov, of N", Carolina, 1747-1783. 
Burke, Thos, : Irish engraver, 1749-1815, 
Burke, Thos, Hy. : Irish Under Secretary of Ireland, 

1829-1882. 
Burke, Thos. Nich. : Irish Domin. friar, 1830-1883. 
Burke, Thos. Wm. A. H. : English collector of prmts, 

1795-1852. 
Burke, Ulick Ralph : Anglo-Span, schol., 1845-1895. 
Burke, Wm, : supposed author of Junius's Letters, 

-1798. 
Burke, Wm.: Irish murderer, 1792-1829. 
Burkhead, Hy. : Eng, dram, and merchant, fl, 1645. 
Burkitt, Wm. : English divine and Biblical com- 
mentator, 1650-1703, 
Biirkner, Hugo Leopold Fried. Hein, . German 

wood-carver and engraver, 1818-1897. 
Burlsus, Gualterus r See Burley, Walter. 



93 



Burlamacchi, Franc. : Ital. revolutionist, -1546. 

Burlamaqul, Jean Jacques: Swiss publicist,1694-1748. 

Burleigh, Lords of : See Balfour. 

Burleigh, Lord : See Cecil, 

Burleigh, Bennet : Scot, war correspondent, -1914. 

Burleigh, Cella : American reformer, 1825-1876. 

Burleigh, Chas. C, : Amer. Abolitionist, 1810-1878, 

Burleigh, Wm, Hy. : American joum., 1812-1871. 

Burlet, Jules Phil, de : Belgian statesman and diplo- 
matist, 1844-1897. 

Burley, Bennett G. : American Confederate naval 
officer, fl. 1864, 

Burley, Jno, : English Carmelite, -1333. 

Burley, Jno, : Eng. Royalist captain, -1648. 

Burley, Sir Shnon : Eng. royal favourite, 1336-1388. 

Burley, Walter : English priest and Aristotelian 
scholar, 1275-1345*. 

Burley, Wm. : Speaker, Hse. of Commons, fl, 1436, 

Burling, Glib,: Amer. water-colour pntr,, 1843-1876, 

Burliugame, Anson : American diplomatist and 
politician, 1820-1870. 

Burlington, Earl of ; See Boyle, Rich, 

Burlington : See Devonshire, 

Burlowe, Hy. Behnes : See Behnes. 

Burman, Nik. Laurens : Dutch botanist, 1734-1793; 

Burman, Thos, : English sculptor, -1674, 

Burmania, Douwe Bothnia van : Dutch naturalist, 
1664-1726. 

Burmann, Frans : Dutch theologian, 1628-1679. 

Burmann, Frans : Dutch theologian, 1671-1719. 

Burmann, Frans : Dutch divine, 1708-1793. 

Bllrmann, Hans Hein, : German mathem., -1817, 

Burmann, Job, : Dutch botanist, 1706-1779, 

Burmann, Rasper : Dutch historian, 1696-1755, 

Burmann, Pieter : Dutch class, scholar, 1668-1741, 

Burmann, Pieter (secundus) : Dutch philol,, 1714-78. 

Burmeister, Carl Herm. (Jonrad : German zoologist 
and traveller, 1807-1892. 

Burmester, Hein. : Germ poet and nov,, 1839-1889, 

BurmoS, Todor : Bulgarian premier, 1834-1906, 

Burn, Edw. : Eng. polemical writer, 1762-1837. 

Burn, Jno. : English lawyer, 1744*-1802. 

Burn, Jno. Southerden : Eng. antiquary, 1799*-1870. 

Burn, Eich. : English legal writer and topographer, 
1709-1785. 

Burn, Rob, : English archaeologist and classical 
scholar, 1829-1904, 

Burn, Wm, : Scottish architect, 1789-1870, 

Burn-Murdoch, Jno, : Scottish soldier, 1852-1909, 

Burnaby, And. : Eng. div, and traveller, 1734*-1812, 

Burnaby, Chas, : English dramatist, fl. 1700-1703. 

Burnaby, Fred, Gust. : English Unguist, traveller and 
soldier, 1842-1886. 

Burnap, Geo. Wash. : Amer div. and wr,, 1802-1859, 

Burnard, Nevill Northey : Eng. sculptor, 1818-1878. 

Burne (or Bourn), Mc. : English controvers,, fl, 1581, 

Burne, Sir Owen Tudor : English general, diploma- 
tist and writer on India, 1837-1909, 

Burne, Rob, : British general, 1756*-1825. 

Burne-Jones, Sir Edw, Burne : Bng, pntr,, 1833-98, 

Burnell, Arth. Coke : Eng. Sanskrit schol,, 1840-82. 

Burnell, Edw, : English Greek scholar, fl. 1642. 

Burnell, Hy. : Anglo-Irish dramatist, fl. 1641. 

Burnell, Rob. : Bishop of Bath and Wells, Chancellor 
of England, -1292. 

Burnes, Sir Alex. : Scottish traveller, explorer and 
diplomatist in India, 1805-1841. 

Burnes, Jas. : Scottish physician In Bombay 1801- 
1862. 

Burneston (Boraston), Simon : Bng. div , fl. 1338. 

Burnet, Alex. : Archbishop of Glasgow, 1614-1684. 

Burnet, Day. Q. : Texan politician, 1789-1870. 

Burnet, Bliz, : English religious writer, 1661-1709 

Burnet, GUb., F,R.S., Bp. of Salisbury : historian and 
theol. wr., ' History of his own Times,' 1643-1716 

Burnet, Jac. : American jurist, 1770-1853. 

Burnet, Jas. M. : Scot, lands, painter, 1788-1816. 

Burnet, Jno. : Scot, pamter and engraver, 1784-1868 

Burnet, Marg. : 1st wife of Bp. Buruet, 1630»-1686* 

Burnet, Sir Thos. : Scottish physician and author 
1632*-1716*. 

Burnet, Thos. : English divine, master of Charter- 
house and controversialist, 1635-1715 

Burnet, Thos. : English divine, -1750 

Burnet, Sir Thos. : English judge and political 
writer, 1694-1753. 

Burnet, Wm. : Bng. colonial governor, 1688-1729. 



BURNET 



DICTIONARY OP UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BURTON 



Burnet, Wm. : American physician, 1730-1791. 
Burnett, Geo. ; Eng. miscellaneous writer, 1776*-1811 . 
Burnett, Geo. : Eng. liist. and heraldic wr., 1822-90. 
Burnett, Gilb. Thos. : Eng. botanist, 1800-1836. 
Burnett, Hy. Clay : American lawyer, 1825-1866. 
Burnett, Jas., Ld. Monboddo : Scot, judge, 1714-99. 
Burnett, Jno. : Scot. Idr. of Burnett Prize, 1729-84. 
Burnett, Jno. : Scottish judge and writer on law, 

1764*-1810. 
Burnett, Peter Hardeman ; Governor of California, 

1807-1896. 
Burnett, Waldo Irving : Amer. nat., 1828-1854. 
Burnett, Ward Ben. ; Amer. brig.-gen., 1811-1884. 
Burnett, Sir Wm. : Scottish physician, 1779-1861. 
Burney, Ct. : Portuguese banlcer, 1836-1909. 
Burney, Chas., F.B.S. : English musician and author, 

' History of Music,' 1726-1814. 
Burney, Chas. : Eng. classical critic, 1757-1817. 
Burney, Chas. : English legal writer, 1840-1912. 
Burney, Frances ; See Arblay, Mme d*. 
Burney, Jas. : British naval captain and naval 

historian, 1750-1821. 
Burney, Mart. Chas. : English barrister, friend of 

Chas. Lamb, 1788-1852. 
Burney, Sarah Harriet : Eng. novelist, 1770*-1844. 
Burney, Wm. : English professor and naval historian, 

'Naval Heroes," 1762-1832. 
Burneyeat, Jno. : English Quaker, 1631-1690. 
Burnham, Dan. Hudson : Amer. archt., 1846-1912. 
Burnham, Gordon Webster : Amer. manuf., 1803-85. 
Burnham, Hiram ; Amer. brig.-gen., -1864. 
Burnham, Jas. C. : Amer. sold, and pol„ 1820»-1866. 
Burnham, Eich. : English biographer, 1711-1762. 
Burnham, Rich. : Eng. Baptist minister, 1749*-1810. 
Burnham, Sam. : American author, 1833-1873. 
Burnitz, Karl Pet. : German painter, 1824-1886. 
Burnitz, Rudolf Hem. : Germ, architect, 1827-1880. 
Burnouf, Emile Louis : French archaeological and 

classical scholar, 1821-1907. 
Burnouf, Eng. : French Orientalist, 1801-1862. 
Burns, Allan : Scot. surg. and anat., 1781-1813. 
Burns, Anthony ; Amer. fugitive slave, 1830*-1862. 
Burns, Dawson : English temperance reformer and 

Nonconformist divine, 1828-1909. 
Burns,Fcs. : Amer. Methodist Episcopal bp., 1809-63. 
Burns, Sir Geo. : English shipowner, 1795-1890. 
Burns, Islay : Scot, theological writer, 1817-1872. 
Burns, Jabez : Eng. Nonconf. divine, 1805-1876. 
Burns, Jas. : Scottish historian, fi. 17th century. 
Burns, Jas. : Scottish shipowner and philanthropist, 

1789-1871. 
Burns, Jas. Drummond: Scottish Presbyterian 

divine and poet, 1823-1864. 
Burns, Jno. : Scot, physn. and med. wr., 1774-1850. 
Burns, Jno. : American soldier, 1793-1872. 
Burns, Rob. : Scottish poet, 1769-1796. 
Burns, Rob. : Scottish theological writer, 1789-1869. 
Burns, Rob. : Canadian div. and author, 1798-1869. 
Burns, Rob. Easton : Canadian jurist, 1805-1863. 
Burns, Walter Hayes : American-English banker 

and financier, 1838-1897. 
Burns, Wm. Chalmers : Scot. miss, to China, 1816-68. 
Burnside, Ambrose Everett : American brigadier- 
general, 1824-1881. 
Burnside, Jno. : American sugar planter, 1800*-81. 
Burnside, Rob. : Bug. Baptist minister, 1769-1826. 
Buronzo del Signore, Carlo Lodovico : Archbishop of 

Turin, 1731-1806. 
Burpee, Isaac : Canadian statesman, 1825-1885. 
Burr, Aaron : Amer. preacher and writer, 1716-57. 
Burr, Aaron ; Amer. lawyer and statesman, 1756-1836. 
Burr, Enoch Fitch : American author and poet, 

1818- 
Burrall, Jon. : American soldier, 1753-1834. 
Burrall, Wm. Porter ; American railroad official, 

1806-1874. 
Burrant, Rob. : English translator, fl. 1563. 
Burrard, Sir Harry ; British general, 1765-1813. 
Burrel (Burel), Jno. : Scottish poet, fl. 1590. 
Burrell, Litellus : Anglo-Ind. maj.-gen., 1753-1827. 
Burrell, Lady Sophia : English poetess and dramatist, 

1760»-1802. 
Burrell, Sur Wm. : English antiquary, 1732-1796. 
Burrhus, Afranius : Roman commander, -62. 
Burriel, Andres Marcos : Spanish scholar, 1719-1762. 
Burrill, Alex. M. : American legal writer, 1807-1869. 
Burrill, Jas. : American statesman, 1772-1820. 



Burrington, Geo. : Colonial Governor of North 
Carolina, -1734, 

Burritt, Blihu : American philanthropist, 1810-1879. 

Burrough, Christopher : See Borough. 

Burrough, Edw. : Eng. Quaker preacher, 1634-1663. 

Burrough, Sir Jas. ; Eng. amateur archt., 1691-1764. 

Burrough, Sir Jas. : English judge, 1760-1839. 

Burrough, Steph. : See Borough. 

Burrough, Wm. : See Borough. 

Burroughes (Burroughs), Jeremiah : English Puritan 
divine, 1699-1646. 

Burroughs, Chas. : Amer. div. and writer, 1787-1868, 

Burrojighs (Traill-Burroughs), Sir Fred. Wm.: English 
general, 1831-1905. 

Burroughs, Geo! ; American preacher, 1650*-1692. 

Burroughs, Sir Jno. : Garter king. See Borough. 

Burroughs, Jno. Curtis : Amer. educat., 1818-1892. 

Burroughs, Jos. : Eng. Baptist minister, 1686-1761. 

Burroughs, Stephen : Amer. adventurer, 1766-1840. 

Burrow, Edw. Jno. : English divine and miscellane- 
ous writer, 1786-1861. 

Burrow, Sir Jas : Eng. law writer, 1701-1782. 

Burrow, Reuben : Eng. mathematician, 1747-1792. 

Burrowes, Geo. : Amer. educationist, 1811-1894. 

Bunowes, Jno. Freckieton : English organist and 
composer, 1787-1852. 

Burrowes, Pet. : Irish barrister and pol., 1753-1841. 

Burrows, Sir Geo. : EngUsh physician, 1801-1887. 

Burrows, Geo. Man. ; Eng. physician, 1771-1846. 

Burrows, Sir Jno. Cordy : English surgeon, 1813-1876. 

Burrows, Montagu : Bug. naval officer, theol., hist., 
genealogist and prof, of history, 1819-1905. 

Burrows, Wm. : Amer. naval officer, 1786-1813. 

Burscough, Rob. : English divine, 1651-1709. 

Bursian, Konrad ; German philologist and archae- 
ologist, 1830-1883. 

Burt, Aibin R. : Eng. engrav. and port, pntr., -1842. 

Burt, Su: Arch. Paull : English CMct Justice of W. 
Australia and politician, 1810-1879. 

Burt, Armistead : Amer. politician, 1802-1883. 

Burt, Arth. Geo. : British soldier, 1865-1916. 

Burt, Edw. : Scot. mil. agent and author, -1755. 

Burt, Nath. Clark : Amer. div. and writer, 1825-74. 

Burt, Wm. : Eng. miscellaneous writer, 1778-1826. 

Burt, Wm. A. : American surveyor, 1792-1858. 

Burthogge, Rich. : Eng. theol. writer, 1638*-1694*. 

Burton, Lord : See Bass, Su: Mich. Arth. 

Burton, Asa : Amer. div. and metaph., 1752-1836. 

Burton, Avery : Eng. mus. composer, fl. 1494. 

Burton, Cassibelan : English translator of Martial, 
1609-1681. 

Burton, Cath. : English Carmelite nun, 1668-1714. 

Burton, Chas. : English theologian, 1793-1866. 

Burton, Chas. Edw. : Eng. astronomer, 1846-1882. 

Burton, Decimus : English architect, 1800-1881. 

Burton, Edw : See Catcher, Edw. 

Burton, Edw. : Eng. prof, of div., Oxford, 1794-1836. 

Burton, Su: Fred. Wm. : English painter in water 
colours and art connoisseur, 1816-1900. 

Burton, Geo. : English chronologist, 1757-1791. 

Burton, Hy. : English Puritan divine and contro- 
versialist, 1678-1648. 

Burton, Hy. S. : Amer. brig.-general, 1818-1869. 

Burton, Eezekiah : English Prebendary of Norwich, 
-1681. 

Burton, Isabel, Lady (nie Arundell) : English traveller 
and authoress, 1831-1896. 

Burton, Jas. : See Ealiburton, Jas. 

Burton, Jas. Dan. : Eng. Wesleyan min., 1784-1817. 

Burton, Jno. : Eng. antlq. and physn., 1697-1771. 

Burton, Jno. : Eng. theol. and class, schol., 1710-71. 

Burton, Jno. Hill: Scottish historian and biogra- 
pher, historiographer of Scotland, 1809-1881. 

Burton, Napier Christie : Brit, general, 1759-1835. 
Burton, Ralph : British general, -1768. 
Burton, Sir Rich. Fes. : Eng. explorer. Orientalist and 
miscellaneous writer, ' Arabian Ni^ts,' 1821-1890. 
Burton, Rob. : English divine and author of 

' Anatomy of Melancholy,' 1577-1640. 
Burton, Rob. (Rich.) : Eng. misceli. wr., 1632*-1725*. 
Burton, Rob. : Amer. soldier and pol., 1747-1825. 
Burton, Rob. Senior : English organist and conductor. 

1820-1892. 
Burton, Simon : English physician, 1690*-1744. 
Burton, Thos. : Bug pari, diarist, fl. 1656-1659. 
Burton, Warren : American author, 1800-1866. 
Burton, Wm. ; English Puritan divine. -1616. 



94 



BURTON 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BUTLER 



Burton, Wm. ; Eng. topog. and antiq., 1575-1645. 
Burton, Wm. : English scholar, 1609-1657. 
Burton, Wm. : Eng. hist, of Yorlishiro, 1697*-1759. 

Burton, Wm. Evans : Eng. actor and dram., 1804-60. 
Burton, Wm. Paton: Scot, wat.-col. pntr., 1828-83. 

Burton, Sir Wm. Westbrooke : Bngllsh-Australian 
politician and judge, 1794-1888. 

Burtt, Jno. : American poet, 1789-1866. 

Burtt, Jos. : English archaeologist, 1818-1876. 

Bury, Arth. : English theologian, Rector o'f Exeter 
College and Socmian, 1624-1713. 

Bury, Haze de : See Blaze de Buiy. 

Bury, Lady Charl. Susan Maria : English novelist, 
1776-1861. 

Bury,!Edw. : Eng. Ejected minister, 1616-1700. 

Bury, Edw. : English engineer, 1794-1858. 

Bury, Eliz. : En^h diarist, 1644-1720. 

Bury, Hy. de : See Bederic. 

Bury, Jno. : English trani^lator, fl. 1557. 

Bury, Jno. : English divine, 1580-1667. 

Bury, Rich, de : Bishop of Durham, 1281-1345. 

Bury, Sam. : English Presbyt. minister, 1663-1730. 

Bury, Thos. : BngUsh judge, 1655-1722. 

Bury, Thos. Talbot : English architect, 1811-1877. 

Bus, C^sar de : founder of the Fathers of Cliristian 
Doctrine, 1544-1607. 

Buslieeq, Augier Ghislain de, ' Busbequius ' : Flemish 
scholar, traveller and ambassador, 1522-1592. 

Busby, Rich. : headmaster of Westminster School 
and divine, 1606-1695. 

Busby, Thos* : Eng. musical composer, 1755-1838. 

Buscb, Ad. : German-American indust. and phil- 
anthropist, 1842-1913. 

Buscb, Geo. Nio. Joh. : Germ, philologist, 1806-67. 

Buscb, Jul. Herm. Moritz : German journalist, 
traveller and biographer of Bismarck, 1821-1899. 

Buseh, Wilh. ; Germ, physn. and med. wr., 1826-81. 

Buscb, Wilh. : German -writer, caricaturist and illus- 
trator of children's books, 1832-1908. 

Buscbe, Herm. von dem, ' Buschius ' : German re- 
viver of learning, 1468-1534. 

Buschetto da Dulicbio : Greek architect at Pisa, 
1020(30)-po«( 1080. 

Biiscbing, Ant. Fried. : German writer, 1724-1793. 

Biiscbing, Joh. Gust. Gottlieb : German writer on 
literature, 1783-1829. 

Buscbmann, Gotthard, Bar. von, ' Eginhard ' : Aus- 
trian poet and writer, 1810-1888. 

Busembaum, Herm ; Germ. Jesuit theol., 1600-1668. 

Bush, Geo, : American theologian, 1796-1859. 

Bush, Paul : Bishop of Bristol, 1490-1558. 

Bushe, Chas. Kendal : Chief Justice of Ireland, 1767- 
1843. 

Bushel!, Brown ; English sea captain, -1651. 

Busbell, Seth : Eng. divine and author, 1621-1684. 

BusheU, Steph. Wootton ; English physician and 
Chinese archaeologist, 1844-1908. 

Busbell, Thos. : English mining engineer. Master of 
the Mints and Royalist, 1594-1674. 

Busher, Leonard : English pioneer of religious tolera- 
tion, fl. 1614. 

Bushman, Jno, Stevenson ; English medical writer, 
1808*-18S4. 

Bushnell, Cath : See Hayes-Bushnell, Mme Cath. 

BushneU, Chas. Ira : American editor, 1826-1883, 

Bushnell, David : American inventor, 1742-1824. 

BushneU, Horace : Amer. theologian, 1802-1876. 

Bushnell, Jno. ; English sculptor, -1701. 

Bushnell, Walter : English ejected minister under 
the Commonwealth, 1609-1667. 

BushneU, Wm. ; American physician and politician, 
1800- 

Bushybead, Jesse : Chief Justice of the Cherokees, 
-1844. 

Bosk, Edw. Teshmaker : English aviator and en- 
gineer, 1886-1914. 

Busk, Geo., F.R.S. : English surgeon, zoologist and 
palaeontologist, 1807-1886. 

Busk, Hans, " The Elder ' • English poet and 
scholar, 1772-1862. 

Busk, Hans, ' The Yomiger ' : one of the originators 
of the Volunteer movement, 1815-1882. 

Busk, Rachel Harriette : Eng. folklorist, 1831-1907. 

Busken-Huet, Conrad : Dutch man of letters, 1826- 
1886. 

Buslaev, Fedor Ivanovich : Russian author and 
philologist, 1818-1898. 



Busleyden, Jerome : Dutch diplomatist, friend of 

Erasmus and More, 1470*-1517. 
BusDois, Anthoine : French musician and composer, 

-1492. 
Buss, Frances Mary : Eng. educationist, 1827-1894. 
Buss, Franz Jos. von ; German jurist, 1803-1878. 
Buss, Rob. Wm. : Eng. subject pahiter, 1804-1875. 
Buss, Septimus : English divine and ecclesiastical 

writer, 1836-1914. 
Bussseus, And. : Norw. antiquary, 1679-1755. 
Busse, Fried. Gottlieb von ; German physicist, 1756- 

1835. 
Bussey, Ben. : Amer. philanthropist. 1757-1842. 
Bussi : See also Bussy. 

Bussi (Buxis), Gian And. de" : Bp. of Aleria, 1417-75. 
Bussidres, Jean de : French historian and Latin poet, 

1607-1678(9), 
Busson, Am, : Germ,-Austr. historian, 1844-1892. 
Bussy, Sir Jno. : English Speaker of the House of 

Commons, -1399. 

Bussy, Roger de Rabutin, Count of : French memot 

writer, 1618-1693. 
Bussy d'Amboise, Louis de Clermont de : French 

duellist, 1560*-1579. 
Bussy-Castelnau, Chas. Jos. P., Marquis de : French 

general, 1718-1785. 
Bussy-Leclerc, Jean : French Governor of the 

Bastille, -^oit 1630. 
Bustamante, Anastasio : Pres. of Mexico, 1780-1853. 
Bustamante, Carlos Maria : Mex. hist., 1774-1848. 
Bustamante, Jos6 Maria : Mexican musical com- 
poser, 1777-1861. 
Bustamante y Gnerra, Jose ; Spanish naval officer, 

1759-1825. 
Busteed, Hy. Elmsley : Anglo-Indian military 

surgeon, 1833-1912. 
BustiUo, Sanchez ; Span. min. of finance, -1908. 
Butcheil, Martin van ; Eng, empiric, 1735-1812*, 
Butcher, Bdm. : Eng. Unit, minister, 1757-1822. 
Butcher, Rich. : Eng. antiquary, 1583-1665*. 
Butcher, Sam. : Bishop of Meath, 1811-1876. 
Butcher, Sam. Hy. : Irish class, scholar, 1850-1910. 
Bute, Earls and Marquises of : See Stuart. 
Butel-Dumont, Geo. Marie : French miscellaneous 

writer, 1725-1800*. 
Buteo (Borrel), Jean : Fr, mathematician, 1492-1572. 
Bufet, Pierre Rol. Fran?. : Fr. gram,, 1769-1825. 
Butl, Franc, di Bartolo da : Italian commentator 

on Dante, 1324-1406, 
Butler, Alban : Eng, hagiog. and priest, 1710-1773. 
Butler, And. Pickens ; Amer. jurist, 1796-1857. 
Butler, Arth. Gray : English schoolmaster and poet, 

1831-1909. 
Butler, Arth. Jno. ; English educationist, arctiivist, 

translator and Italian scholar, 1844-1910. 
Butler, Ben. Franklin : Amer. lawyer. 1795-1858, 
Butler, Ben, Franklin : American lawyer, soldier 

and politician, 1818-1893, 
Butler, Caleb : American author, 1776-1854, 
Butler, Chas, : English writer on bees, -1647. 

Butler, Chas. : Eng. legal and miscell. wr., 1750-1832. 
Butler, Clement Moore : Amer. div. and wr., 1810-90. 
Butler, Cyrus ; American philanthropist, 1767-1849. 
Butler, Edm. : Archbishop of Cashel, -1551. 
Butler, Edw. : Austral, lawyer and pol., 1829-1879. 
Butler, Su- Edw. Gerard : Brit, general, 1770-1825, 
Butler, Lady Eleanor : recluse of Llangollen, 1745*- 

1829, 
Butler, Ezra ; American divine, 1763-1838, 
Butler, Fanny Kemble : SeeKemble, 
Butler, Fes, : American dog-trainer, 1810-1874, 
Butler, Fes, Eugene : American divine, 1825-1863. 
Butler, Fred, ; American author, 1766*-1843, 
Butler, Geo, : headmaster of Harrow and Dean of 

Peterborough, 1774-1853, 
Butler, Geo, : English divine and teacher, 1819-1890. 
Butler, Geo, B, : American lawyer, 1809-1886, 
Butler, Geo. Slade : Eng. antiquary, 1821-1882. 
Butler, Hy. : Australian politician, 1821-1885, 
2nd Earl of Ormonde, 1331-1382, 
4th Earl of Ormonde, ' White Earl,' 



Butler, Jas 
Butler, Jas, ; 
-1452 
Butler, Jas 



5th Earl of Ormonde and Earl of Wilt- 
shire, 1420-1461, 
Butler, Jas, : Irish mil, adventurer, fl. 1631-1634 
Butler, Jas., 1st Dk. of Ormonde : statesm., 1610-88. 
Butler, Jas. : 2nd Duke of Ormonde, 1665-1745. 



95 



BUTLER 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



BTRD 



Butler, Jas. : Ameilcan soldier, -1781. 
Butler, Jas. Aimar : Brit. mil. captain, 1827-1854. 
Butler, Jas. Davie : Amer. educationist, 1815- 
Butler, Jno. : 6tli Earl o£ Ormonde, -1478. 
Butler, Jno, : American soldier, -1794. 
Butler, Jno., ' Lord Dunboyne ' : Bishop of Corlc, 

-1800. 
Butler, Jno. : Bishop ot Hereford and political 

writer, 1717-1802. 
Butler, Jno. B. : American soldier, 1792-1870. 
Butler, Jno. Jay : Amer. dlv. and theol., 1814-1891 . 
Butler, Jos. : Bishop ot Durham and plulosopher, 

' The Analogy of Bfiliglon,' 1692-1752. 
Butler, Josepliine Eliz. {nie Grey) ; English social 

reformer, 1828-1906. 
Butler, Mann ; American historian, -1835. 
Butler, Moses : American surveyor, 1702-1756. 
Butler, Nath. : Eng. printer and Journalist, -1664. 
Butler, Noble : American educationist, 1819-1882. 
Butler, Percival : American adj.-general, 1760-1821. 
Butler, Sir Pierce (Piers) ; 8th Earl ot Ormonde and 

Ist Earl of Ossory, -15.39. 
Butler, Pierce : 3rd Viscount Galmoy, 1652-1740. 
Butler, Pierce : American senator, 1744-1822. 
Butler, Pierce : American lawyer, 1807-1867. 
Butler, Pierce Mason : American soldier, 1798-1847. 
Butler, Eich. : 8rd Visct. Mountgarret, 1678-1651. 
Butler, Rich. ; Irishmaj.-gen. inU.S. army, -1791. 
Butler, Sam. ; Eng. poet, ' Hudibras," 1612-1680. 
Butler, Sam. ; English classical scholar, master of 

Shrewsbury and Bishop of Lichfield, 1774-1839. 
Butler, Sam. : English philosophical writer, artist, 
archaeologist and mis cell.wr.,'Erewhon,'1835-1902, 
Butler, Simeon : American publisher, 1770-1847. 
Butler, Simon : first president of the United Irishmen 

ot Dublin, 1757-1797. 
Butler.Theobald : first Butler In Ireland, -1205(6) . 
Butler, Thos. ; Eng. R.O. wr. and trans., fl. 1670. 
Butler, Thos. : 10th Earl of Ormonde, 1632-1614. 
Butler, Thos., Earl of Ossory : Brit, gen., 1634-1680. 
Butler, Thos. : American soldier, 1764-1805. 
Butler, Thos. Belden : American jurist, 1806-1873. 
Butler, Thos. O'Brien : Irish mus. comp., -1915. 
Butler, Thos. Hamley : Eng. mus. oomp,, 1762*-1823. 
Butler, Walter, of Kilcash : 11th Earl of Ormonde, 

1569-1633. 
Butler, Walter, Count : Irish general under 

Wallenstein, -1634. 
Butler, Weeden, * The Elder ' : English miscellaneous 

writer, 1742-1823. 
Butler, Weeden, ' The Younger ' ■ English author, 

1773-1831. 
Butler (Boteler), Wm. : English writer against the 

Wlcliffltes, -1410*. 
Butler, Wm. : English physician, 1536-1617. 
Butler, Wm. : American soldier, fl. 1778. 
Butler, Wm. : Amer. m^j.-gen. and pol., 1759-1821. 
Butler, Wm. : Eng. wr. of school books, 1748-1822. 
Butler, Wm. : American missionary, 1819-1899. 
Butler, Wm. Allen ; American lawyer and poet, 

■ Nothing to Wear," 1825-1892. 
Butler, Wm. Archer : Irish hist, of phllos., 1814-1848. 
Butler, Sir Wm. Pes. ; British general and miscel- 
laneous writer, 1838-1910. 
Butler, Wm. Jno. : English divine, 1818-1894. 
Butler, Wm. Orlando : American commander-in-chief, 

1791-1880. 
Butler, Zebulon : American soldier, 1731-1795. 
ButUn, Sh' Hy. Trentham : Eng. surgeon, -1912. 
Butt, Shr Chas. Parker : English judge, 1830-1892. 
Butt, Geo. : English divme and poet, 1741-1795. 
Butt, Isaac : Irish politician and lawyer, 1813-1879. 
Butter, Jno. : Eng. ophthalmic surg., 1791-1877. 
Butter, Nath. : Eng. prhiter and journ., -1664. 
Butter, Wm. : Scot. med. wr. In London, 1726-1805. 
Butterfleld, Dan. : American soldier, 1831-1901. 
Butterfleld, Jno. : American expressman, 1783-1869. 
Butterfleld, Rob. : Eng. controversialist, fl. 1629. 
Butterfleld, Swlthun : Eng. miscell. wr., -1611. 
Butterfleld, Wm. : English architect, 1814-1900. 
Butterworth, Edwin ; English topographer, 1812-48. 
Butterworth, Hy. : Eng. law publisher, 1786-1860. 
Butterworth, Jas. : English Lancashire poet and 

topographer, 1771-1837. 
Butterwortb, Jno. : Eng. Baptist mln., 1727-1803. 
Butterworth, Jos. ; Eng. law bookseller, 1770-1826. 
Butterworth, Sam. F. : American lawyer, -1875. 



96 



Buttevant, Viscount : See Barry, Dav. Mtzjames. 
Buttl, Enrico Aanlbale : Italian dramatist, novelist 

and art critic, 1866-1912. 
Buttmann (Boudemont), Phil. Karl : German 

philologist, 1764-1829. 
Buttner, Christ. Wilh. : German naturalist and 

philologist, 1716-1801. 
Button, Ralph : Canon of Christchurch, -1680. 
Button, Sir Thos. : English admiral and Arctic 

navigator, -1634. 
Button (Bitton), Wm. I. : Bishop of Bath and Wells, 

-1264. 
Button (Bitton), Wm. II. ; Bishop of Bath and 

Wells, -1274. 
Button, Sir Wm. : English Royalist, -1655. 
Buttress, W. : English cricketer, 1827-1868. 
Buttrick, Jno. : American soldier, 1716-1791. 
Butts, Isaac : American journalist, 1816-1874. 
Butts, Jno. ; Irish landscape painter, -1764, 
Butts, Rob. : Bishop of Norwich and Ely, 1684-1748. 
Butts, Sir Wm. : physician to Hy. VIII., -1645. 
Buttstett (Buttstedt), Joh. Heln. : German organist 

and writer on music, 1666-1727. 
Butztach, Joh. : Germ. Benedictine prior, 1478-1526. 
Bnus, Jacbet : See Jachet Buus. 
Buxbaum, Joh. Christ. : German botanist and 

traveller, 1694-1730. 
BuxhnU, Sir Alan : English baron and constable of 

the Tower, 1323-1381. 
Buxtehude, Dietrich : Dan. org. and comp., 1637-1707. 
Buxton, Bertha H. : English novelist, 1844-1881. 
Buxton, Chas. : Eng. political writer, 1823-1871. 
Buxton, C. D. : English cricketer, 1866-1892. 
Buxton, Jarvis Barry : American divine, 1792-1851. 
Buxton, Jedidiah : English calculator and arith- 
metician, 1707-1772. 
Buxton, Rich. : English botanist, 1786-1865. 
Buxton, Sir Thos. Fowell : Eng. philauth., 1786-1846. 
Buxtort, Johannes : German Hebraist, 1564-1629. 
Buxtort, Johannes : German Hebraist, 1699-1664. 
Buxtort, Joh. : German Orientalist, 1663-1732. 
Buxtort, Joh. Jac. : German Hebraist, 1645-1704. 
Buy de Mornas, Claude : Fr. geographer, -1783. 
Buzen, G6rard Servals : Flemish general, 1784-1842. 
Buzot, Franp. Nic. Leon. : Fr. revoiut., 1760-1794. 
By, Jno. : English soldier and engineer, 1781-1836. 
Byam, Hy. : English Royalist divine, 1680-1669. 
Byer, Nich. : Norwegian portrait painter, -1681. 
Byerley, Thos. : English journalist, miscellaneous 
writer and compiler of Percy Anecdotes, -1826. 
Byers (Byres), Jas. : Scottish architect and archceo- 

logist, 1733-1817. 
Byers, Marg. (nie Morrow) : Irish missionary in 

C!hina, educationist and social worker, -1912. 
Byfleld, Adoniram : Bug. Puritan divine, -1660 
Byfleld, Jno. : English wood engraver, fl. 1830. 
Byfleld, Nath. : American jurist, 1663-1733. 
Byfleld, Nich. : English Calvinistic divine, 1679-1622. 
Byfleld, Rich. : English ejected minister, 1598*-1664. 
Bylngton, Cyrus : American missionary, 1793-1868. 
Bylert, Jan van : Dutch painter, 1603-1671. 
Byles, Jno. Barnard : English judge, 1801-1884. 
Byles, Mather : Amer. div. and loyalist, 1706-1788. 
Byles, Mather : Amer. div. and loyalist, 1735-1814. 
Byllynge, Bdw. : Bug. colonial proprietary, -1687. 
Bylot, Rob. : English Arctic navigator, fl. 1610-1616. 
Bynseus, Ant. : Dutch theologian. Orientalist and 

classical and historical scholar, 1654-1698. 
Byng, And. : English Hebraist, 1574-1652. 
Byng, Geo., 1st Viscount Torrington : British 

admiral, 1663-1733. 
Byng, Geo., Visct. Torrhigton ; Brit, adm., 1768-1831. 
Byng, Jno. : British admiral, 1704-1757. 
Byng, Sfc Jno., Earl of Strafford: field-marshal, 

1772-1860. 
Byng, Thos. : master of Clare Coll., Carab., -1699. 
Bynham, Simon : See Blnham. 
Bynkershoeck, Corn, van : Dutch statesman and 

jurist, 1673-1743. 
Bynneman, Hy. : English prhiter, -1583. 
Byns, Anne : Flemish poetess, -1648*. 
Byrd, Harvey Leonidas : American physician and 

army surgeon, 1820-1884. 
Byrd, Wm. : English musical composer, 1543-1623. 
Byrd, Wm. : English Colonial offlcial, 1650-1704. 
Byrd, Wm. : English Colonial otBoial, 1674-1744. 
Byrd, Wm. : American soldier, 1728-1777. 



BYRGE 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



CADWALADER 



Byrge, Juste : French mathematical mechanician, 
1549-1632. 

Byrhtferth (Bridfertli) : Eng. niathem., fl. 1000. 

Byrne, And. : American Roman Catholic Bishop of 
Little Uoclc, 1802-1862. 

Byrne, Anne Frances; English flower painter, 
1775-1837. 

Byrne, Ohas. : Irish giant, 1761-1783. 

Byrne, Sir Edm. Widdrington : Eng. judge, 1844-1904. 

Byrne, Jno. : English engraver, 1786-1847. 

Byrne, Julia Clara (n4e Busk) ; English miscel- 
laneous writer and illustrator, 1819-1894. 

Byrne, Letitia : English enRraver, 1779-1849. 

Byrne, Miles : Irish soldier in France, 1780-1862. 

Byrne, Oscar : English ballet-master, 1795*-1867. 

Byrne, Wm. : Eng. landscape engraver, 1743-1805. 

Byrne, Wm. : American educationist, 1780-1833. 

Byrnes, Thos. Jos. : Prem. of Queensland, 1860-1898. 

Byrnstan (Birnstan, Beomatan) : Bishop ot Win- 
chester, -933. 



Eyrom, Jno. : English poetical writer and steno- 
grapher, 1692-1763. 

Byron, Geo. Noel Gordon, Lord : English poet, 
■ Childe Harold.' ' Don Juan,' etc., 1788-1824. 

Byron, Hy. Jas. : Eng. dramatist and actor, 1834-84. 

Byron, Jno., Ist Lord Bvron ; Cavalier, 1600*-1652. 

Byron, Jno. : British admiral, 1723-1786. 

Byron, Sir Thos. : Eng. Eoyaiist com., -1644. 

Byron, Wm., Lord, ' The Wicked Lord,' 1722-1798. 

Byrth, Thos. ; Irish scholir and divine, 1793-1849. 

Bysshe, Sir Edw.: English herald, politician and 
Garter king-of-arms, 1615*-1679. 

Bysshe, Edw. : Eng. miscellaneous writer, fl. 1712. 

Bystrom, Joh. Niklas : Swedish sculptor, 1783-1848. 

Bythner, Victorlnus : Pol.-Hebrew gram., 1605*-70*. 

Bywater, Ingram : English Hellenist, 1841-1914. 

Byzas : a Megarlan, fndr. of Byzantium, fl. B.C. 657. 

Bzewuskf, Ct. Stanislas : Polish-French dramatist 
and writer, -1913. 

Bzovius (Bzowsld), Abr. : Pol. theologian, 1567-1637. 



G 



Caab (Cab ben Zohair) : Arab, rabbi and poet, -622. 

Caliades : King of Persia, -531. 

Caballero, Feman (Cecilia Francisca Josefa B5hl de 

Faber y Larrea) : Spanish novelist, 1796-1877. 
Caballero, Jos6 Agastin : Cuban educat., 1771-1835. 
Caballero (Cavallero), Jose Ant. : Spanish statesman, 

1780»-1821. 
Caballero (Cavallero), Juan : Span, gen., 1712-1791. 
Caballero y Ocio, Juan : Mex. philanth., 1644-1707. 
Caballus, Franc. : medical writer at Padua, -1540. 
Cabancl, Alex. : French painter, 1823-1889. 
Cabanel, Rudolph : ■ German architect in England, 

1762-1839. 
Cabanis, Pierre Jean Geo. : French physician, 

physiologist, philosopher and pol., 1757-1808. 
Cabarrus, Fran?. : French adventurer and financier in 

Spain, 1752-1810. 
Cabasilas, Neilus : Archbishop of Thessalonica, fl. 

1314(40). 
Cabasilas, Nic. : Byzantine mystic, theological 

writer and Archbishop of Thessalonica, -1371. 
Cabassole, Phil, de : French writer and friend of 

Petrarch, 1305-1371. 
Cabassut, Jean : French canonist, 1604-1685. 
Cabbell, Ben. Bond, F.R.S.: English art patron, 

1781-1874. 
Cabel (Kabel), Adrian van der : Dutch pntr., 1631-95. 
Cabel or Cabu, Marie Josephe {n4e Dreulette) : 

Belgian vocalist, 1827-1885. 
Cabell, Sam. Jordan : Amer. politician, 1756-1818. 
Cabell, Wm. : American surgeon, 1700-1774. 
Cabell, Wm. : American politician, 1730-1798. 
Cabell, Wm. H. : American judge, 1772-1853. 
Cabestan (Cabestalng), Gull, de : Provencal poet, 

-1213*. 
Cabet, Etienne : French Communist, 1788-1856. 
Cabeza de Vaca, Alvar Nunez : Spanish explorer in 

America, 1507-1559. 
Cabezas Altamirano, Juan de las : Cuban prelate, 

-1615. 
Cabezon, Felix Antonio de ; Spanish organist and 

musician, blind from birth, 1510-1566. 
Cabisius, Julius : German musician, 1841-1898. 
Cabiz : Mohammedan Heresiarch, -1527. 
Cabo Frio, Visct. de : Braz. diplomatist, 1817-1907. 
Caboohe, Simon : French rebel, fl. 1413-1418. 
Cabot, Geo. : American statesman, 1751-1823. 
Cabot, Jno. (Giov. Caboto, Juan Calbot, Caboto) : 

Italian navigator and discoverer of the mainland of 

North America, fl. 1450-1498. 
Cabot, Seb. : Italian-English navigator and dis- 
coverer, 1474-1557. 
Cabral (Cabrara), Fed. Alvarez : Portuguese navi- 
gator, -1626'*. 
Cabrera, Mig. : Mexican artist, -1730*. 
Cabrera Quintero, Cayetano : Mex, anthor, -1775*. 
Cabrera, Ramon, Conde de Morella : Carlist general, 

1810-1877. 
Cabrlllo, Juan Rodriquez : Port, navigator, -1543. 
Cabrol, Bart. : French anatomist, 1535*- 
Caba : See Cabel. 
Oaocia, Ferd. : Ital. littfeateur, 1689-1778. 



Caccia, Guglielmo, ' II Montcalvo ' ; Italian fresco 

pahiter, 1568-1625». 
Caccini, GiuUo, ' Giulio Romano ' : Italian musical 

composer, 1558-1615*. 
Caceres, Alonso de : Spanish soldier, 1499-1554. 
Cachet, Christopher : French physician and medical 

writer, 1572-1624. 
Cadalo ; See Honorius IT. 

Cadalso Vazquez, Josfi : Span, poet and wr., 1741 -82, 
Cadalus (Cadaloils) ; Bishop of Parma, fl. 1061, 
Cadamosto, Alvise (Ludovico) : Venetian navigator, 

explorer and writer, 1432-1477, 
Caddick, Rich. : English Hebraist, 1740-1819. 
Cade, Jno. : English rebel, -1450. 
Cade, Jno. : English antiquary, 1734-1806. 
Cade (Caddy), Laurence : English Roman Catholic 

seminarist, fl. 1583. 
Cade, Salusbury : English physician, 1660*-1720. 
Cadeae, Pierre : Fr. Church comp., fl. 1543*-1558. 
Cadell : King of Ceredigion and Powys, -909. 
Cadell : Welsh prince, -943. 
Cadell : South Welsh prince, -1175. 
Cadell, Fes. : Australian explorer, 1822-1879. 
Cadell, Jessie : Scot. nov. and Orient., 1844-1884. 
Cadell, Rob. : Scottish pubUsher, 1788-1849. 
Cadell, Thos. : Scottish publisher, 1742-1802. 
Cadell, Wm. Arch., F.R.8. : Scottish traveller and 

mathematician, 1775-1855. 
Cademan, Sir Thos. : English physician, 1590*-1651. 
Cadena, Trinidad 6. de la : Mex. soldier, 1832-1886. 
Cadet de Gassicoort, Chas. Louis : French chemist, 

1769-1821. 
Cadet de Vaux, Ant. Alexis FranQ. ; French agricul- 

tnral writer, 1743-1828. 
Cadic, Edouard: French professor of Romance 

languages in Ireland, 1858-1914. 
Cadillac, Ant. de la Mothe : founder of Detroit, 

1660*-?)os« 1717. 
Cadmus : founder of Thebes, fl. B.C. 1493. 
Cadmns (Kadmos), of Miletus : Grk. hist., fl. B.C. 540*. 
Cadmus, son of Scythes : Sicilian amb., fl. B.C. 480. 
Cadoc, ' The Wise ' (Cattwg Ddoeth) : Welsh saint, 

-570*. 
Cadogan : See also Cadwgan. 
Cadogan, Geo. Hy., Earl Cadogan : Lord-Lieutenant 

of Ireland, 1840-1915. 
Cadogan, Hy. : British colonel, 1780-1813. 
Cado?an, Hv, OsbertSam. : Brit, soldier, 1868-1915. 
Cadogan, Wm. : Biglish Parliamentarian soldier and 

Governor of Trun, 1601-1661. 
Cadogan, Wm., 1st Earl of : Brit, gen., 1675-1726. 
Cadogan, Wm. : Eng. medical writer, 1711-1797. 
Cadorna, Raflsele : Italian general, 1814-1897. 
Cadoudal, Geo. : Fr. Royalist leader, 1771-1804 
Cadroe, St. : Abbot of Wassor and St. Felix, near 

Metz, -976*. 
Caduceus, Master of the : See Barbarj. 
Cadvan : Welsh saint, fl. 6th century. 
Cadvan : Khig of Gwynedd or North Wales 

-617*(634,*). 
Gadwalader : See also Caedwalla. 
Cadwalader : Welsh prince, -1172. 



97 



CADWALADER 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



CALASIO 



Cadwalader, Geo. : Amer. major-general, 1804-1879. 
Cadwaladei, Jno. : Amer. revel. aoWier, 1742-1786. 
Cadwalader, Jno. : American lawyer, 1805-1879. 
Cadwalader, Lamb. : Amer. revol. sold., 1743-1823. 
Cadwalader, Thos. : American physician, 1708-1779. 
Cadwalader, Tlios. : Amer. maj.-gen., 1779-1841. 
Cadwalader, Thos. : Amer. brig.-general, 1795-1873. 
Cadwaladr, Casail : Welsh poet, fl. 1590. 
Cadwaladr, Vendigaid, 'The Blessed': King of the 

Britons, -664*. 
Cadwallador, Roger : English divine, 1568-1610. 
Cadwallon : See Csedwalla. 
Cadwgan : Welsh prince, -1112. 
Cadwgan (Martin) : Bishop ol Bangor, -1241. 
Cady, Albemarle : American brig.-gen., 1809*- 
Cady, Dan. ; American lawyer and pol., 1773-1859. 
Cadyman, Sir Thos. ; See Cademan. 
Gsecilianus : Bishop of Carthage, fl. 311-316. 
Csecilius, of Calacte ; Greek rhetorician, 1st century 

B.C. and A.D. 
CsBcilius Statins : Latin comic poet, -B.C. 168*. 
Csedmon, St. : Anglo-Saxon poet, fl. 670. 
Cffidwalla, also given Cadwalader, Cadwallon, Cas- 
wallon, Catgublaun, perhaps meaning Cassibel- 
lannus, Catguolaum, with many other variants : 
King of Gwynedd or North Wales, -634. 
Ciedwalla : King of West Saxons, 669*-689. 
Ccelius Rhodiginus : See Uicliieri. 
Csepio, Quintus Servilius : Koman general and 

consul, fl. 106 B.C. 
Caernarvon : See Carnarvon. 
GsBsalpino, And. : Italian naturalist, 1519-1603. 
^e^sar, Cains : grandson of Augustus, B.C. 20-a.d. 4. 
i^sesar, C. Jul. Strabo Vopiscus : Roman orator and 
poet, ' -B.C. 87. 
Csesar, Sir Ohas. : English judge, 1590-1642. 
CsBsar, Christoph : German philologist, 1540-1604. 
/-Caesar, Gains Jul.: Roman general and dictator, 
B.C. 102-44. 
Caesar, Hy. : Dean of Ely, 1562»-1636. 
Caesar, Sir Jul. : English judge, 1568-1636. 
Caesar, Jul. : English physician and musical com- 
poser, 1666*-1712*. 
j;«sar, Jul. : English cricketer, 1830-1878. 
.^Caesar, Lucius : grandson of Augustus, B.C. 17-a.d. 2. 
Casar, Sir Thos. : English judge, 1561-1610. 
^XCaesarion : reputed son of G. Jul. Caesar, B.C. 47- 
■^ B.C. 30. 

Caesarius, Bishop of Aries: writer against semi- 
Pelagians, 470«-542*. 
Caesarius, Job. : German professor of philology and 

librarian, 1468»-1551. 
Cafaro, Pasquale ; Ital. music, and comp., 1706-87. 
Cafla, Melch., ''Le Maltais ' ; Rom. sculp., 1631-87. 
CaOarelli, Gsetano Majorano : Ital. singer, 1703-83. 
Caffarelli du Falga, Louis Marie : Fr. gen., 1756-99. 
CaOerty, Jas. H. : Amer. still-life pntr., 1819-1869. 
Cafilaux, Phil. Jos. : French Benedictine scholar and 

writer, ' Genealogical Treasury,' 1712-1777. 
CafSeri, Filippo : Italian sculptor, 1634-1716. 
CafSeri, Giacopo : Roman-French worker in metal and 

sculptor, 1678-1755. 
Caflleri, Giov. Giacopo : Roman sculptor, 1723-92. 
Caffin, Sir Jas. Crawford : Brit, admu-al, 1812-1883. 
Callyn, Math, : Eng. Baptist minister, 1628-1714. 
Cagger, Peter : American politician, 1812-1868. 
Cagliarl, Benedetto : Italian painter, 1538-1598. 
Cagliari, Paolo, ' Paul Veronese ' : Italian ■ painter, 

1530«-1688. 
Cagliostro, Aless., Count, ' Gins. Balsamo ' : Italian 

charlatan, 1743-1795. 
Cagnacci, Guido : Bolognese painter, 1601-1681. 
Cagnati, Marsilio : Italian professor of medicine and 

philosophy, -1612. 

Cagniard de la Tour, Chas. : French physicist and 

engineer, 1777-1859. 
Cagnola, Luigi, Marq. di ; Ital. architect, 1762-1833. 
Cagnoli, Ant. : Ital. astron. and pbilos., 1743-1816. 
Cahaignes, Jacques : med. wr. of Caen, 1548-1612. 
Cahen, Alb. : Fr. musical composer, 1846-1903. 
Cahen, Sam. : French Hebraist, educationist and 

translator of the Bible, 1796-1862. 
Cahill, Dan. Wm. : Irish lecturer and author, 1796- 

1864. 
Cahoone, J. Ben. : Amer. nav. pay-director, 1800-73. 
Cahours, Aug. And. Thos. : Fr. chemist, 1813-1891. 
Cahusac, Louis de : French dramatist, 1700-1759. 



98 



Caicedo, Domingo : Colomb. statesman, 1783-1843. 
Caiet (Cayet), Pierre Vict. Palma : Fr. m., 1625-1610. 
Calllaud, Jno. : Anglo-Ind. brig.-general, -1810. 
Caillaud, FriSd. : French traveller, 1787-1869, 
Caille, Nic, Louis de la : Fr. astronomer, 1713-1762. 
CailK (Calllif), Ren6 Aug. : Fr. explorer, 1799-1838. 
Caillet, Gull., ' Jacques Bon-homme ' : French 

Revolutionist, -1369. 
Cailletet, Louis Paul : French chemist, 1832-1913. 
Gaillin : Irish saint, fl. 560. 
Caimin (Camin) : Irish saint, -653. 
Cain, Auguste Nicolas : Fr, sculptor, 1822-1894. 
Cain, Rhys : Welsh poet, fl. 16th century. 
Caine, Wm. Sproston ; English politician and 

temperance advocate, 1842-1903. 
Calnes, Geo. : American legal writer, 1771-1825. 
Cainnech (Cannicus), St. ': Abbot of Achadh-bo, 

-698. 
Caird, Edw. : Scottish philosopher and Master of 

Balliol, 1835-1908. 
Caird, Sir Jas., F.R.S. . English agriculturist and 

author, 1816-1892. 
Caird, Jno. : Scottish divine and philosopher and 

Principal of Glasgow University, 1820-1898. 
Cairncross, Alex. : Archbp. of Glasgow, -1701. 

Cairncross, Bob. : Abbot of Holyrood and Bishop of 

Ross, -1544. 
Cairnech : saint, -539.*. 

Cairnes, Dav, : defender of Londonderry, 1645-1722. 
Cairnes, Jno. Elliot : Irish social and political 

economist, 1823-1876. 
Cairnes, Wm, Elliot : Irish soldier and military 

writer, 1862-1902. 
Cairns, Adam : Australian divine, 1802-1881. 
Cairns, Hugh McCalmont, 1st Earl Cairns : states- 
man and Lord Chancellor, 1819-1885. 
Cairns, Jno, : Scottish divine, 1818-1892. 
Cairns, Wm. : Scot, philo3, writer, -1848. 
Cairns, Sir Wm. Wellington : British colonial 

governor, 1828-1888. 
Cairo, Franc, ' Cavaliere del Cau-o ' : Italian his- 
torical and portrait painter, 1698-1674. 
Cairoli, Benedetto : Ital. statesman, 1826-1889. 
Caistor, Rich. : English theologian, -1420. 
Caithness, Earl of : See Sinclair. Jas. 
Caius (Gaius) : Roman jurist, fl, 2nd century, 
Caius (Gains) : ecclesiastical historian, fl. 210*. 
Caius : Bishop of Rome, -296. 
Cains Ctesar (Caligula) : Roman emperor, 12-41. 
Caius, Bern, : Italian medical writer, fl, 1610. 
Caius (Kay), Jno. : Eng. poet and laureate, fl. 1480. 
Caius (Kaye), Jno. : English physician and founder 

of Caius College, 1610-1573. 
Caius, Thos. : Master of TJnlv. Coll ., Oxon, -1672. 
Cajetan, Constantine : Italian Benedictine and writer 

1560-1650. 
Cajetan, Hen. : Ital. card, and diplom., -1599. 
Cajetan, Tommaso de Vio : Italian-Spanish cardinal 

and theologian, 1470-1634. 
Cajetanus, Dan. ; Italian philologist, fl. 1496-1519. 
Cajigal, Franc. Ant., Marq. of : Viceroy of Mexico 

1695-1777. 
Cajigal y Monserrate, Juan Man. : Cuban soldier. 

1739-1811. 
Calaber, Quintus : Greek poet, fl. 491* 
Calabrese : See Preti, Mattia. 
Calafquin : Araucanian Cacique, 1540*-1602. 
Calah, Jno. : Eng. organist and comp., 1758-1798. 
Calame, Alex. : Swiss painter, 1817-1864. 
Calamis : Athenian sculptor, fl. B.C. 487-429. 
Calamy, Ben. : English Prebendary of St. Paul's 

1642-1686. 
Calamy, Edm., ' The Elder' : English Nonconformist 

divme, 1600-1666. 
Calamy, Edm.. ' The Younger ' • English Ejected 

minister. 1635*-1685. 
Calamy, Edm. : English Dissenting divine and 

biographer, 1671-1732. 
Calamy, Edm. : Eng. Dissenting min., 1697*-1755 
Calancha, Ant. de la : Span, theol. wr., fl. 1640. 
Calandrelli, Gins., ' The Abb« ' : Italian astronomer, 

Calandrini, Giov. Lud. : Ital, physicist, 1703-1758. 
Calandrucci, Hyacinth : Rom, painter, 1646-1707. 
Calanus: Indian gvmnosophist, -B.C. 325, 
Calas, Jean : Protestant of Toulouse, 1698-1762. 
Calasio, Mario di : Ital. friar and Orient., 1650-1620. 



CALCAGNINI 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



CALLIMACHUS 



Calcagnini, Celio : Italian soldier, poet and antiquary, 
1479-1541. 

Calcar (Kalkar), Joh, Steph. von : Italian painter, 
1499-1546. 

Calceolari, Franc. : Italian botanist, fi. 1566-1586. 

Galcott : See also Callcott. 

Calcott, Wellins : English author, fi. 1756-1769. 

Caloraft, Sir Granby Thos. : Brit, col., 1770-1820. 

Calcraft, Jnc, 'The Elder': English politician, 1726- 
• 1772. 

Calcraft, Jno., 'The Younger': English politician, 
1765-1831. 

Calcraft, Wm. : English executioner, 1800-1879. 

CaldanI, Leop. Marc-Ant. : Italian anatomist and 
physician, 1725-1813. 

Caldara, Ant. : Ital. musical comp., 1670«-1736. 

Caldara (Polidoro da Caravaggio) : Italian painter, 
1495-1543. 

Caldas, Franc. Jasi de : Span, nat., 1771-1816. 

Galdas Pereira de Souza, Ant. : Brazilian poet, 
1762-1814. 

Caldecott, Jno. : Eng. meteorol. and astron., 1800-49. 

Caldeeott, Rand. : English painter and black-and- 
white artist, 1846-1886. 

Caldecott, Thos. : English lawyer and Shakspearian 
scholar, 1744-1833. 

Caldecourt, W. H., sen. : Eng. cricketer, 1783-1838. 

Caldeoourt, W. H., jun. : Eng. cricketer, 1802-1857. 

Calder, Jas. Erskine : Tasmanian serjeant-at-arms, 
1808-1882. 

Calder, Jas. Tait : Scottish historian, 1794*-1864. 

Calder, Jno. : Scottish author, 1733-1815. 

Calder, Hob. : Scot. Episcopalian divine, 1650*-1723. 

Calder, Sir Bob. : British admiral, 1745-1815. 

Calder, Bob. : Scottish educationist, 1838-1912. 

Calderari, Ottone : Italian architect, 1730-1803. 

Calderbank, Jas. : Eng. Benedictine monk, 1769-1821. 

Calderbank, Leon. : English Boman Catholic priest 
and Canon of Clifton. 1809-1864. 

Calderini, Domizio : ItaUan philologist and general 
scholar, 1447*-1478. 

Calderon, Fern. : Mexican dramatist, 1809-1845. 

Calderon, Franc. Santiago ; Spanish prelate, -1736. 

Calderon, Phil. Hermogenes, B.A. : French-English 
painter, 1833-1898. 

Calderon, Bodrigo : Spanish favourite and adven- 
turer, -1621. 

Calderon de la Barca, Frances Inglis : Scottish-Span- 
ish writer on Mexico, 1818- 

Calderon de la Barca, Pedro : Spanish dramatist and 
Doet, 1600-1681. 

Calderwood, Dav. : Scottish Presbyterian divine and 
liistorian, 1575-1650. 

Calderwood, Hy. : Scot, phikis. and div., 1830-1897. 

Calderwood, Marg. : Scottish diarist, 1715-1774. 

Calderwood, Sir Wm., Lord Polton : Lord of Session, 
1660*-1733. 

Caldicott, Alf. Jas. : English musician, 1842-1897. 

Caldwall, Jas. : Eng. designer and eugrav., 1739- 

Caldwall, Eich. : English physician, 1505*-1584. 

Caldwell, Sir Alex. : British general, 1763-1839. 

Caldwell, And., ' The Elder ' : Irish barrister, 
1733-1808. 

Caldwell, Anne (Mrs. Marsh-Caldwell) : English 
novelist, -1874. 

Caldwell, Sir Ben. : Brit, admiral, 1737*-1820. 

Caldwell, Chas. : Amer. physn. and author, 1772-1853. 

Caldwell, Chas. Hv. Bromedge : American com- 
modore, 1823-187'?. 

Caldwell, David : American divine, 1725-1824. 

Caldwell, Hume : EngUsh colonel in Austrian service, 
1733-1762. 

Caldwell, Jas. : Amer. div. and philanth., 1734-1781. 

Caldwell, Sir Jas. Lillyman : Anglo-Indian general 
1770-1863. ^ 

Caldwell, Jno. : See Fenwick. 

Caldwell, Jno. : American soldier, -1804. 
Caldwell, Jos. : American educationist, 1773-1835. 
Caldwell, Merritt : American educationist, 1806-1848. 
Caldwell, Rob. : Anglo-Indian bishop and pWlologist. 
1814-1891. 1- F s . 

Caldwell, Rob. Townley : Master of Corpus Christi 

College, Cambridge, 1843-1914. 
Caldwell, Sam. : American brigadier-general, fl. 1813. 
Caled (Khaled) : Mahometan commander, -642*. 
Calef (Calfe), Rob. : American author, -1723. 
Calendario, Filippo : Venet. archt. and sculp., fl, 1350. 



Calenius, Walter, ' Walter, Archdeacon of Oxford,' 

-1151. 
Calenus, Quintus Fuflus ; Roman general, -B.C. 41. 
Calenzio, Blisio : Neapolitan poet, 1450*-1503. 
Calepio (Calepinus), Ambr. da : Italian lexicographer, 

1435-1611. 
Caleto (Caux), Jno.de : treasurer of Eng., -1263. 
Caletti, Gins., ' n Cremonese ' : Ital. pntr., 1600-60*. 
Caley, Jno. : English antiquarv, -1834. 
CaUhill (Calfleld), Jas. : Bishdp-EIect of Worcester, 

1530*-1670. 
Calfnrnlo (Calphumius), Giov. : Ital. phllol., -1603. 
Calhoun, Jno. Caldwell : American statesman and 

writer, 1782-18.50. 
Calhoun, Jno. Erwin : Amer. senator, 1749-1802. 
Calhoun, Pat. : American settler, 1727-1796. 
Calhoun, Simeon Howard : Amer. miss., 1804-1876. 
Calhoun, Wm. Barron : Amer. lawyer, 1796-1865. 
Caliari, Paolo (Paolo Veronese) ; Veronese portrait, 

religious and allegorical painter, 1528-1588. 
Caliavari, Luke : Italian painter, 1665-1715. 
Calice, Hein. : Austrian diplomatist, 1831-1912. 
Cdlid&sa : Indian dramatist, fl. arUe 600. 
Caligala: Roman emperor. See Caius Caesar. 
Caliniefa, Herm. Julius Rob. : German divine and 

theologian, 1834-1883. 
CaKDippus, of Cyzious : astronomer, fl. B.C. 330. 
Calixtns I. St, : Pope, -222(3). 
Calixtus XL : Pope, -1124. 
Calixtus m. : Antipope, fl. 1168. 
Calixtus III., ' Alphonzo Borgia ' : Pope, 1379-1458. 
Calixtus, Geo. : Germ. Lutheran theol., 1686-1656. 
Calkin, Jas. : Eng. org. and comp., 1786-1862. 
Calkin, Jno. Baptiste : Eng. org. and comp., 1827-1905. 
Calkoen van Beck, Jan Pried. : Dutch astronomer 

and mathematician, 1772-1811. 
Call, Dan. : American lawyer, 1765*-1840. 
Call, Sir Jno. : Anglo-Indian military engineer, 

1732-1801. 
Call, Rich. Keith : American soldier, 1767-1792. 
Call, Rich. Xeith : American brigadier-general and 

Governor of Florida, 1791-1862. 
Callaohan, King of Ireland : See Ceallachan. 
Callanan, Jeremiah Jno. : Irish poet, 1795-1829. 
Callander, Jas. : See Campbell, Sir Jas. 
Callander, Jno. : Scottish antiquary, -1789. 
Callard de la Duguerie, Fran^. Bapt. : French phy- 
sician, botanist and writer, 1630-1718. 
Callaway, Hy. : English colonial bishop and 

missionary, 1817-1890. 
Callaway, Thos., sen. : BngUsh surgeon, 1791-1848. 
Callaway, Thos., jun. : English surgeon, 1822-1869. 
Callcott, Sir Aug. Wall, R.A. : English landscape 

painter, 1779-1844. 
Callcott, Jno. Wall : Eng. mus. comp., 1766-1821. 
Callcott, Maria (Graham, and Dundas) Lady : English 

writer, 1785-1842. 
Callcott, Wm. : English violinist, 1800-1878. 
Callcott, Wm. Hutchins : Eng. mus. comp., 1807-82. 
Calle, Jean Frang. : French mathematician, 1744-98 
Calleja, Faix del Bey, Ct. de Calderon : Spanish 

general, 1750-1821*. 
Callenberg, Joh. Hein. : German Orientalist and pro- 
moter of missions, 1694-1760. 
Callender, Franklin D. ; American soldier, 1817*-82. 
Callender, Geo. Wm. : English surgeon, 1830-1878. 
Callender, Jas. Thomson: Scottish miscellaneous 

writer, -1803. 

Callender, Jno. : American historian, 1706-1748 
Callet, Jean Franp. : See Calle. 
Calliachi, Nice. : Italian philologist, 1645-1707 
Callias : Greek comic poet, fl. B.C. 432-402 
Callias : Greek architect, fl. B.C. 290. 
Callicles : Greek sculptor, fl. B.C. 420. 
Calliorates : Athenian architect, fl. B.C. 444 
Callicrates : Achaean Strategus, -b.o. 149 
Callicratidas : Spartan admiral, -b o 406 
Callldius : See Loos. 

Calliires, Fran?, de : French statesman and writer 

1645-1717. ' 

Calliires Bonnevue, Louis Hector, Chev. de : Governor 

of French Canada, 1639-1703. 
Calligenes : Macedonian physician, fl. B.C. 179 
Callimachus : Greek general, -b c 490 
Callimachus : Greek sculptor, fl. B.C. 408 
Callimachus: Alexandrian grammarian and poet, fl. 



99 



CALLIMACHUS 



DICTIONARY OP UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



CAMERON 



Calllmachus Expeilens : See Buonacoorsi. '^ 'J 
Callimedon : orator, fl. B.o. 323-317. ' 1 *.|1 

Callinus, of Ephesus : Elegiac poet, fl. B.C. 700. 
Callippus : Athenian disciple of Plato, -B.C. 353. 
Califs, Chas., Bar. Western : Brit, pol., 1767-1844. 
Callis, Bob. : English lawyer, fl. 1634. 
Oallisthenes, of Olynthus : Greek hist., B.C. 360*-328*. 
Callistratus : Greek sophist and rhetor., B.C. 3rd cent. 
Calllstratus : Greek orator and general, -B.C. 356*. 
Callistratus : Alexandrian grammarian, fl. B.C. 200. 
Callistus, Johannes Andronicus, of Constantinople : 

promoter of Greek learning in Italy, fl. 1453. 
Callixtns, Popes : See Calixtus. 
Callon : statuary of jffigina, fl. B.C. 544(16). 
Callot, Jacques : Fr, artist and engrav., 1592-1635, 
Callow, Jno. : English artist, 1822-1878. 
Callow, Wm. : English painter, 1812-1908. 
Cally, Pierre : Fr. div. and Cartesian philos., -1709. 
Calmes, Marquis : Amer. Uevol. soldier, 1765-1834. 
Calmet, Ant. Augustin : French Benedictine and 

Biblical writer, 1672-1757. 
Calmette, Gaston ; Fr. newspaper ed., 1858-1914. 
Calmo, And. : Venet. actor and comic wr., 1510*-71. 
Oalmour, Alt. C. : Eng. dram, and poet, -1912. 
Calogiera, Angelo : Italian scholar, 1699-1768, 
Calo-Joannes : See John II., Emperor. 
Calomardo, Franc. Tadeo, Duke of : Spanish states- 
man, 1773-1842. 
Calonne, Chas. Alex, de : Fr. statesman, 1734-1802. 
Galori, Angiola : Italian singer, 1732-1790*. 
Calov(lus), Abr. : German Lutheran polemical divine, 

1612-1686. 
Calphurnius : See Calturnio. 
Calprenede, Gautier de Costes, Seigneur de : Fr. dram. , 

romance wr. and royal chamberlain, 1610-1663. 
Calpurnius, Titus Jul. ; Sicilian Latin poet, fl. 290. 
Calthorp, Walter : See Suffleld. 
Calthorpe, Baroa : See Gough, Calthorpe. 
Oalthorpe, Sir Hy. : English lawyer, 1686-1687. 
Calthrop, Jno. Alf. : See Clayton. 
Calthrope, Sir Chas. : English judge, -1616. 
Calvaert, Dionysius or Denis, ' Fiammingo ' : Flemish 

religious painter, 1540*-1619. 
Calveley, Sir Hugh ; English warrior, -1393. 
Calvena, C. Matins : Rom. miscell. wr., fl. B.C. 49-44. 
Calver, Edw. : English Puritan poet, fl, 1649. 
Calverley, Chas. Stuart : Eng. poet and wit, 1831-84. 
Calverley, Walter : English murderer, -1605. 
Calvert, Benedict : Gov. of Maryland, -1732. 
Calvert, Car. Louisa Waring, ' Louisa Atkinson ' • 

Australian authoress, 1834-1872. 
Calvert, Chas. : Eng. landscape painter, 1785-1852. 
Calvert, Chas. Alex. : English actor, 1828-1879. 
Calvert, Edw. : English artist, 1799-1883. 
Calvert, Fred. : 7th Lord Baltunore, 1731-1771. 
Calvert, Fred. Baltimore : English actor and lecturer, 

1793-1877. 
Calvert, Fred. Grace : English chemist, 1819-1873. 
Calvert, Geo., 1st Lord Baltimore : founder of Mary- 
land, 1580*-1632. 
Calvert, George ; English surgeon, 1796-1825. 
Calvert, Geo. Hy. : American newspaper editor and 

miscellaneous writer, 1803-1889. 
Calvert, Sir Harry : British general, 1763*-1826. 
Calvert, Jas. : Eng. Nonconf. and writer, -1698. 
Calvert, Jas. : Wesleyan miss, of Fiji, 1813*-1892. 
Calvert, Jas. Snowden : Austral, explorer, 1825-84. 
Calvert, Leon. : Governor of Maryland, -1647. 
Calvert, Mich. : hist, of Knaresborough, 1770-1862. 
Calvert, Thos. : Eng. div. and Hebraist. 1606-1679. 
Calvert, Thos. : English theologian, 1775-1846. 
Calvi, Lazzaro ; Genoese painter, -1607. 
Calvi, Marco Fabio (F. Eavennas) : Italian archae- 
ologist. -1527. 
Calvidus Laetus : See Quillet. 
Calvin : See Calvinus, 
Calvinns (Chau(l)vin), Joh. : French founder of 

Protestantism, 1509-1564. 
Calvisius (KaUwitz), Sethus : Germ, philol., 1566-1615. 
Calvlsius, Sethus : German astronomer, chronologer 

and musician, 1556-1615. 
Calvo, Carlos : Argentine publicist and historian, 

1824-1906. 
Calvo de la Paeita, Seb. de : Marquis of Casa Calvo, 

-1820. 
Calvus, C. LiclniuB Macer : Koman advocate and 
poet, B.o. 82-B.o. 48. 



Cam, Diogo : Portuguese explorer, fl. 1480-1486.'"^ 
Cama, Derabjl Pestonji : Indian-English merchant 

and benefactor, 1832-1910. 
Cama, Kharshedji Bustomjee : Indian Parsee 
merchant, reformer and Zend and Zoroastrian 
scholar, 1832-1909. 
Camaebo, Juan Francisco : Spanish statesman and 

financier, 1824-1896. 
Camacho Rold&n, Salvador : Colombian statesman, 

1827- 
Camaillo, Tommaso : Ital. philos. and poet, 1668-1740 . 
Camargo, Marie Ann de Cuplo de : Belgian-French 

dancer, 1710-1770. 
Camassei (Camace), And. : Ital. painter, 1602-1648. 
Cambaciris, Etienne Hubert de : Cardinal Arch- 
bishop of Eouen, 1756-1821. 
Cambaceres, Jean Jacques Eegis de : French states- 
man, 1753-1824. 
Cambaules : Gallic leader, fl. B.o. 279. 
Oambell (Campbell), Sir Jas. : Lord Mayor of 

London, 1570-1642. 
Cambert, Hob. : French musician and composer 

in England, 1628-1677. 
Camblaso (Cangiajio), Luca, ' Lnchetto ' •- Italian 

fresco painter, 1527-1585. 
Cambini, Oiov. Gius. : Ital. mus. comp., 1746-1825. 
Cambio, Amolfo dl (Lapo) : Ital. archt., 1232-1310. 
Cambis-Velleron, Jos. Louis Dom., Marq. de: 

book collector and historian, 1706-1772. 
Cambon, Pierre Jos. : Fr. statesman, 1756-1820. 
Cambreleng, Churchill C. : American congressman, 

1786-1862. 
Cambrensls, Giraldus : See Giraldus. 
Cambridge, Duke of : See Adolphus, Frederick, 

George n. and George Wm. Fred. 
Cambridge, Earl of : See Plantagenet, Uich. 
Cambridge, Jno. : See Cantebrig, Jno. de. 
Cambridge, Eich. Owen : English poet, 1717-1802. 
Cambronne, Pierre Jacques Etienne, Baron de : 

French general, 1770-1842. 
Cambyses : father of Cyrus, fl. B.C. B80. 
Cambyses : 2nd King of Persia, son of Cyrus, 

-B.o. 522. 
Camden, Earl and Marquis of : See Pratt. 
Camden, Wm. : English antiquary and historian, 

' Britannia," 1651-1623. 
Camel, Th6ophlle : French sculptor, 1862-1911. 
Cameleac : See Cimelliauc. 
Camelford, Baron : See Pitt, Thos. 
Cameniata : Byzantine historian, fl. 904. 
Camerarius, Joachim I. ; German c^sical scholar 

and writer, 1500-1574. 
Camerarius, Joachim II. : German botanist and 

physician, 1534-1598. 
Camerarius, Budolph Jakob : German botanist and 

physician, 1665-1721. 
Camerer, Tunann : German philologist, fl. 1504. 
Cameron, Agnes Deans : Canadian lecturer, 1863-1912. 
Cameron, Sh: Alan : British general, 1753-1828. 
Cameron, Alex. : Scottish Roman Catholic Bishop 

of Maxlmlanopolis, 1747-1828. 
Cameron, Sir Alex. : British general, 1781-1850. 
Cameron, Arch. : Scottish Jacobite, 1707-1753. 
Cameron, Chas. Dune. : British consul, -1870. 
Cameron, Chas. Hay : Scottish jurist, 1795-1880. 
Cameron, Don., ' The Gentle Loohiel ' : Scot, chiettahi, 

Jacobite and soldier in Fr. service, 1695*-1748. 
Cameron, Sir Duncan Alex. : Brit, gen., 1805-1888. 
Cameron, Sir Ewen (Evan), Lord of Lochiel, ' Ulysses 
of the Highlands': Scottish Highland chleftam, 
1629-1719. 
Cameron, Geo. Poulett : British colonel, 1806-1882. 
Cameron, Hugh : Scottish millwright, 1705-1817. 
Cameron, Jas., of Lochiel : Scot. Jacobite, 1696-1758. 
Cameron, Jno. : Bishop of Glasgow and Chancellor 

of Scotland, -1446. 
Cameron, Jno. : Scottish theologian, 1579-1623. 
Cameron, Jno. : Scot. Presbyterian divine, 1724-99. 
Cameron, Jno., of Fassiefem : Brit, col., 1771-1815. 
Cameron, Sh: Jno. : British general, 1773-1844. 
Cameron, Jno. : Canad. B.C. bishop, 1826-1910. 
Cameron, Jno. Alex. : Scottish war correspondent. 

-1885. 
Cameron, Jno. Hillyard : Canad. statesm., 1817-1876. 
Cameron, Julia Marg. : Eng. photographer, 1815-79. 
Cameron, Lucy Lyttleton : Eng. authoress, 1781-1858. 
Cameron, Malcolm : Canadian statesm., 1808-1876. 



100 



CAMERON 



DICTIONARY OP UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



CAMFBELI. 



Cameron, Pet. : Scottish entomologist, 1847-1912. 
Cameron, Bicli. : Scottish Covenanter and founder 

of Camoronians, 1648*-1680. 
Cameron, Simon : American statesman and ambas- 
sador, 1799-1889. 
Cameron, Verney Lovett : English explorer and 

writer of boys' boolis, 1844-1894. 
Cameron, Wm. : Scottish poet, 1751-1811. 
Cameron, Sir Wm. Gordon : Brit, gen., 1827-1913. 
Gamers, Joh. (Giov. Kicuzzi Vellmi) ; Italian 

philologist, 1448-1546. 
Camidge, Jno., ' The Elder' : English organist and 

composer, 1735-1803. 
Camidge, Jno., ' The Younger ' : English organist 

and composer, 1790-1859. 
Camidge, Matth. : Bug. org. and comp., 1758-1844. 
Camillus, Marcus Furius: Roman dictator, soldier 

and statesman, B.o. 446-365. 
Camilo, Franc. : Spanish painter, 1810*-1671. 
Caminatzin : Mexican Iting, -1521. 
Caminha de Meneses, Ant. T. de : Brazilian diplo- 
matist, 1790-1876. 
Camm, Anne : Eng. Quakeress preacher, 1627-1705. 
Camm, Jno. ; Eng. Quaker preacher, 1604*-1656. 
Camm, Thos.j: Eng. Quaker preacher, 1641-1707. 
Cammerhoff, J. F. : Moravian bishop, 1721-1751. 
Cammin, St. : See Gaimin. 
Camocke, Oeo. : British naval captain and Spanish 

admkal, 1666»-1722*. 
Camoens, Luis Vaz de : Portuguese poet, 1524-1580. 
Camogs, Thos. de, 6th Baron : soldier, -1420. 
Camozzi (Camotius), Giov. Batt. : Italian professor 

of philosophy, 1515-1591. 
Camp, Maxime du : French traveller and miscel- 
laneous writer, 1822-1894. 
Campagna, Girolamo ; Venet, architect, 1552-1608. 
Gampagnoli, Bartolomeo : Ital. violinist, 1751-1827. 
Campailla, Tommaso : ItaUan philosopher and 

naturalist, 1668-1740. 
Campan, Jeanne Louise Henrietta nie Genest) : 

French educationist, 1752-1822. 
Campana, Fabio : Ital. mus. comp., 1816-1882. 
Campana, Franc. : Italian humanist, fl. 16th century. 
Campana, Pedro : Belg. reUgious painter, 1503-70*. 
Campanella, Tommaso : Ital. philosopher, 1568-1639. 
Campanini, Italo : Italian vocalist, 1846-1896. 
Campano, Giannantonio : ItaUan Bishop of Teramo, 

1427-1477. 
Campanus, Giov., of Navara: Italian mathematician, 

fl. 13th century. 
CampayrS, Gabriel ; French educationist, -1913. 
Campbell, Alex. : Bishop of Brechin, -1608. 
Campbell, Alex. : 2ud Earl of Marchmont, 1675-1740. 
Campbell, Alex. : American merchant, 1707-1790. 
Campbell, Sir Alex. : Brit, iieut -general, 1759-1824. 
Campbell, Alex. : Scot, musician and miscellaneous 

writer, 1764-1824. 
Campbell, Alex. : Irish-American founder of the 

' Oampbellites,' 1788-1866. 
Campbell, Sir Alex. : English-Canad, pol., 1822-1892. 
Campbell, Alex. Aug. : American divine and 

missionary, 1789-1846, 
Campbell, Anna M. : Countess of Balcarres and 

Argyll, 1621*-1706*. 
Campbell, Arch. : 2nd Earl of Argyll, -1513. 

Campbell, Arch. : 4th Earl of Argyll, -1568. 
Campbell, Arch. ; 6th Earl of Argyll, 1630-1573. 
Campbell, Arch. : 7th Earl of Argyll, 1576*-1638. 
Campbell, Arch., Marquis of Argyll : Scottish Cove- 
nanter, 1698-1661. 
Campbell, Arch., Earl of ArgvU : Scottish Royalist, 

-1685. 
Campbell, Arch. : 1st Duke of Argyll, -1703. 
Campbell, Arch, : Bishop of Aberdeen, -1744. 
Campbell, Arch. : Scottish divine, 1691-1766. 
Campbell, Arch. : 3rd Duke of Argyll, 1682-1761. 
Campbell, Arch. : Scottish satirist, 1726*-1780. 
Campbell, Sir Arch. : Governor of Madras, 1739-91. 
Campbell, Sir Arch. : British general, 1769-1843. 
Campbell, Lord Arch. : Scot, antiquary, 1846-1913. 
Campbell, Arch. : Canadian senator, 18"64-1913. 
Campbell, Sir Arch. Campbell, 1st Baron Blyths- 

wood. F.a.S. : Scot, amateur sclent., 1836-1908. 
Campbell, Chas. : American historian, 1807-1878. 
Campbell, Cliveland J. : Amer. brig.-gen., 1836-1866. 
Campbell, Colin : 1st Earl of Argvll, -1493. 
Campbell, Colin : 3rd Earl of Argvll. -1630. 



101 



Campbell, Colin : 6th Earl of Argyll, -1584. 

Campbell, Colm : Scottish divine, 1644-1726. 

Campbell, Colin ; Scottish architect, -1729. 

Campbell, Colm, of Kilberry : Scot, sold., -1782. 

Campbell, Colin : British general, 1764-1814. 

Campbell, Sir Colin : British general, 1776-1847. 

Campbell, Sir Colm, Lord Clyde : British fleld- 
marshal, 1792-1863. 

Campbell, D. : English cricketer, 1851-1887. 

Campbell, Dan. (Don.) : Scot, divine, 1665-1722. 

Campbell, Dan. (Don.) : Scot, merchant, 1671»-1753. 

Campbell, Don. : Abbot of Cupar-Angus, -1662. 

Campbell, Don. : Brit, major in Amer., 1735*-1763. 

Campbell, Don. : Anglo-Indian traveller, 1761-1804. 

Campbell, Dune. : Scottish soothsayer, 1680*-1730. 

Campbell, Dune. R. : American divine, 1814-1866. 

Campbell, Sir Fes. J. : American-English blind edu- 
cationist, 1832-1914. 

Campbell, Ld. Fred. ; Ld. Clerk BegiHer, 1729-1816. 

Campbell, Fred. Arch. Vaughan, 3rd Earl Cawdor : 
statesman, 1847-1911. 

Campbell, Fred. "Wm. : Scot, genealogist, 1782-1846. 

Campbell, Geo. : Scottish theologian and Principal 
of Marischal College, 1719-1796. 

Campbell, Geo. ; Scottish poet, 1761-1817. 

Campbell, Sir Geo. : Anglo- Indian admin., 1824-1892. 

Campbell, Geo. Douglas, 8th Duke of Argyll, F.R.S. : 
statesman, scientist and writer, 1823-1900. 

Campbell, Geo. Washington : American statesman, 
1768-1848. 

Campbell, Sir Guy : British major-general. 1786-1849. 

Campbell, Harriette : Scottish novelist, 1817-1841. 

Campbell, Hugh : 3rd Earl of Loudoun, -1731. 

Campbell, Hugh Geo. : Amer. naval officer, 1760-1820. 

Campbell, Sir Hay, of Succoth : Ld. Pros., 1734-1823. 

Campbell, Jabez Pitt : M.E. bp. in Amer., 1815-91. 

Campbell, Sir Jas. : See also Cambell. 

Campbell, Sir Jas., of Lawers : Brit, gen., 1667-1745. 

Campbell, Sir Jas. : British general, 1763-1819. 

Campbell, Sir Jas. {ne Callander) : Scottish wn-iter of 
Memoirs, 1745-1832. 

Campbell, Sir Jas. : British general, 1773»-1845. 

Campbell, Jas. : American jurist, 181.3-1893. 

Campbell, Jas. Colquhoun : Bp. of Bangor, 1813- 

Campbell, Jas. Dvkes : Scottish biographer of 
Coleridge, 1838-1895. 

Campbell, Sir Jas. MacNabb ; Scottish-Indian official, 
historian, folklorist and compiler of the ' Bombay 
Gazetteer,' 1846-1903. 

Campbell, Jesse H. : Amer. div. and wr., 1807- 

Campbell, Sir Jno., of Lundy ; Scot, judge, -1563. 

Campbell, Jno., 1st Earl of Loudoun : Lord Chan- 
cellor of Scotland, 1598-1663. 

Campbell, Jno. : 1st Earl of Breadalbaue, 1636-1716. 

Campbell, Jno. : American publisher, 1653-1728. 

Campbell, Jno. : 2nd Duke of Argyll and Green- 
wich, 1678-1743. 

Campbell, Jno. : Scot, miscellaneous writer, 1708-75. 

Campbell, Jno. : 3rd Earl of Breadalbaue, 1696-1782. 

Campbell, Jno. : 4th Earl of Loudoun, 1705-1782. 

Campbell, Jno. ; British soldier and defender of 
Mangalore, 1753-1784. 

Campbell, Jno. ; British vice-admiral, 1720*-1790, 

Campbell, Jno. : Brit. gen. in America, -1806. 

Campbell, Jno. : Scot, philanth. and miss.. 1766-1840. 

Campbell, Sh: Jno. : British general, 1807-1855. 

Campbell, Jno., l-it Baron Campbell : Lord Chan- 
cellor, 1779-1861. 

Campbell, Jno. : 2nd Marq. of Breadalbane,1796-1862. 

Campbell.Sir Jno.; Eng.sold.and Port. gen., 1780-1863. 

Campbell, Jno. : Scot. Congreg. min., 1794-1867. 

Campbell, Sir Jno. : Anglo-Ind. official, 1802-1878. 

Campbell, Jno. : Canadian ecclesiastical historian, 
theologian, ethnologist and philologist ' The 
Hittites,' 1840-1904. 

Campbell, Jno. Allen : Amer. statesman, 1836-1880 

Campbell, Jno. Arch. : Amer. jurist, 1811- 

Campbell, Jno. B. : American soldier, -1814 

Campbell, Jno. Douglas Sutherland, 9th Duke of 
Argyll : Governor-General of Canada, poet and 
miscellaneous writer, 1845-1914. 

Campbell, Jno. Fes., of Islay : Scottish author and 
Gaelic scholar, 1822-1885. 

Campbell, Su: Jno. Logan: Scottish- Xew-Zealand 
statesman and benefactor, 1817-1912. 

Campbell, Jno. Lyle : American chemist, 1818-1886. 

Campbell, Jno. M'Cleod : Scottish divme, 1800-1872 



CAMPBELL 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



CANINA 



Campbell, Jno. Ificholsoii : Amer. divine, 1798-1864. 
Campbell, Jno. Poage ; Amer. div. and wr., 1767-1814. 
Campbell, Jno. Wilson : American jurist, 1782-1833. 
Campbell, Lewis : Scot, classical scholar, 1830-1908. 
Campbell, Lewis Davis : Amer. diplom., 1811-1882. 
Campbell, ISTeil : Bishop of Argyll, -1627. 
Campbell, Sir Neil : British general and Governor of 

Sierra Leone, 1776-1827. 
Campbell, Sir Pat. : Brit, vice-admiral, 1773-1841. 
Campbell, Rich. : American soldier, -1781. 
Campbell, Rob. : Scot. Presbyt. divine, -1722. 
Campbell, Rob. : American soldier, 17.^)5-1832. 
Campbell, Rob. Calder : Anglo-Ind. sold., 1798-1857. 
Campbell, Thos. : Scottish anthor, 1733-1795. 
Campbell, Thos. : Scottish poet, ' The Pleasures of 

Hope," 1777-1844. 
Campbell, Thos. : American divine, 1763-1854. 
Campbell, Thos. : Scottish sculptor, 1790-1868. 
Campbell, Thos, Hewitt : Principal of Otago College, 

New Zealand, 1828-1863. 
Campbell, Thompson : American pol., -1868. 
Campbell, Lord Wm. : Gov. of S. Carolina, -1778. 
Campbell, Wm. : American brig.-general, 1745-1781. 
Campbell, Wm. : Irish Presbyt. minister, -1805. 
Campbell, Sir Wm. : Canadian jurist, 1758-1834. 
Campbell, Wm. Bowen : Gov. of Tennessee, 1807-67. 
Campbell, Wm. Hy. ; Amer. educationist, 1808-1890 
Campbell, Wm. Howard : Irish missionary and 

entomologist, 1859-1910. 
Campbell, Wm. W. : American jurist, 1806-1881. 
Campbell, Willlelma : Visctss. Glenorchy, 1741-1786. 
Campbell-Bannerman, Sir Hy. : British statesman, 

1836-1908. 
Campden, 1st Viscount : See Hicks, Baptiste. 
Campe, Joachim (Joh.) Hein. : German educationist 

and WTlter, 1746-1818. 
Campe, Joh. Christ. Fried. : Germ, philol., 1808- 
Campe, Joh. Julius Wilh. : German bookseller and 

publisher, 1792-1867. 
Campeche, Jos6 : Porto Rican painter, 1752-1809. 
Campegglo, Lorenzo : Italian cardinal, 1464-1532. 
Campeggio, Tommaso : Italian bishop and ecclesi- 
astical writer, 1500-1564. 
Campen (Kampen), Jac. van : Dutch Anabaptist, 

-1534. 
Campen, Jac. van : Dutchpntr.andarcht., -1657(8). 
Campenhout, Franp. van : Belg. vocalist, 1779-1848. 
Camper, Peter : Dutch physn. and nat., 1722-1789. 
Camphausen, Gottf. Ludolf : Germ, statesm., 1803-90. 
Gamphausen, Otto von : German statesman and 

economist, 1812-1896. 
Camphausen, Wilh. : Germ. pntr. of battles, 1818-85. 
Camphuysen, Dyrk Theod. Rafaelz: Dutch painter, 

poet and theologian, 1586-1627. 
Camphuysen, Govert : Dutch landscape painter, 

1623(4)-1672, 
Campi, Ant. ; Ital. painter and architect, 1536*-1591. 
Campl, Bernardino : Italian painter and writer on 

painting, 1522-1592. 
Campi, Ga'leas : Italian painter, 1475-1536. 
Campl, Giulio : Italian painter, 1500-1572. 
Campi, Vine. : Italian painter, 1532*-1591. 
Campian : See Campion. 

Campidoglio, Mich, Angelo : pntr. at Rome, 1610-70, 
CampiUo, Jos6 del : Span, statesman, 1695-1743. 
Camploli, Antonio Gualandi detto : German-Italian 

singer, fl. 1708-1732. 
Campion, Alex, de : French historical wr., 1610-1670. 
Campion, Edm. : Bnglish Jesuit, 1540-1581. 
Campion, Geo. B. : Eng. water-colour pntr. ,1796-1870. 
Campion, Maria : See Pope. 
Campion (Campian), Thos. : Engli* poet, physician, 

dramatist, mus. comp. and wr. on music, 1567-1620. 
Campion (Wigmore), Wm. : Eng. Jesuit, 1699-1666. 
Campistron, Jean Galbert de ; French dramatic 

poet, 1656-1723. 
Campo : See Campi. 
Campoamor y Campoosorio, Ramon de : Spanish 

poet, 1817-1901. 
Campo-Basso, Nic. di : Neap, condottiere, fl. 1477. 
Campolongo, Emm. : Italian poet and archaeologist, 

1732-1801. 
Campomanis, Ped. Rod., Count of ; Spanish states- 
man and writer, 1723-1802. 
Camporese, Violante : Italian singer, 1785-1839. 
Campos, Arsenio Martinez de : Spanish general and 

statesman, 1831-1900, 



102 



Campra, And. : Fr. musical composer, 1660-1744. 
Camps, Fran?, de, Abb6 de Ligny : French historical 

writer, 1643-1723. 
Campson, Pet. : See Phillcinus. 
Campuzano, Baltazar : Peruvian monk, -1666. 
Camucclni, Vine. : Roman hist, painter, 1773-1844. 
Camus, Ant. le : Fr. physician and writer, 1722-1772. 
Camus, Armand Gaston : French revolutionist and 

statesman, 1740-1804. 
Camus, Ohaa. Btienne Louis : French mathematician 

and mechanic, 1699-1768. 
Camus, Btienne le : Fr. cardinal and wr., 1632-1 707. 
Camus, Franc. J^os. des : Fr. mechanician, 1672-1732. 
Camus, Jean Pierre, ' Pont Carr6 ' : French Bishop 

of Belley, 1682-1653. 
Camus, Nic. : Fr. humanist and jurist, fl. 17th cent. 
Camus de M^zieres, Nicolas le : Fr. archt., 1721-1789. 
Camusat, Nic. : French historian, 1575-1655. 
Camville, Ger. de : English judge, -1215*. 
Camville, Thos. de : English judge, -1235. 
Canachus : statuary, fl. B.C. 540-508. 
Canada, Viscount : See Alexander, Sir Wm. 
Canale, Giov. Ant. da (Canaletto) : Venetian painter, 

1697-1768. 
Canalejas, Jos6 : Spanish premier, -1912. 
Canales, Servando : Mexican soldier, 1830-1883. 
Canaletto : See Canale. 

Canall (Canale), Floriano : Italian musical com- 
poser, fl. 1575-1603. 
Canani, Giambatt, of Ferrara, ' The Young ' : 

anatomist, 1515-1579. 
Cananus : Byzantine historian, fl. 1425*. 
Canaran, Churia : Ind. linguist and official, 1812-76. 
Canaris : See Kanaris. 

Canaye, Phil., Sieur de Fresne de : French states- 
man, 1551-1810. 
Canby, Edw. Rich. Sprigg ; Amer. maj.-gen., 1819-73. 
CanceUar, Jas. ; Eng. ideological writer, fi. 1564. 
Cancellieri, Franc. Girolamo : Italian archaeologist, 

1761-1826. 
Cancer, Luis : Spanish missionary in Central America, 

-1649. 
Cancrin, Franz Ludw. von : German mineralogist 

and metallurgist, 1738-1812. 
Candace : Queen of Ethiopia, fl. B.o. 22. 
Candamo, Seflor : President of Peru, -1904, 
Candaules ; King of Lydia, fl. B.o. 715. 
Candia, Pedro de : Greek adventurer, -1642. 
Candiac, Jean Louis Eliz. de Montcalm de : French 

precocious child, 1719-1726. 
Candlano, Pietro I. ; Doge of Venice, -887. 
Candiano, Pietro II. : Doge of Venice, -939. 
Candlano, Pietro III. : Doge of Venice, -969. 
Candiano, Pietro IV. : Doge of Venice, -976. 
Candlano, Vitale : Doge of Venice, -979. 
Candido, Pierre de Witte : Dutch hist. pntr.,1548*-99 . 
Candidus, Hugh : See Hugh. 
Candidus, Karl Aug. : Alsatian theologian and poet, 

1817-1872. 
Candidus, Petrus : See Decembrio. 
Candish : See Cavendish. 
Candler, Ann : Bnglish poetess, ' The Suffolk Cottager,' 

1740-1814. 
Candllsh, Rob. Smith : Scottish preacher and 

theologian, 1806-1873. 
Candolle, Augustin Pyrame de : Swiss bot., 1778-1841. 
Candy, Sir Edw. Townshend : Anglo-Indian judge, 

1845-1913. 
Cane, Rob. : Irish naturalist, 1807-1858. 
Cafiedo, Juan de Dios : Mex. statesman, 1786-1850. 
Canek : Cacique of Itzalan, Mexico, -1532*. 
Canek : Yucatec prince, fl. 15th century. 
Canes, Vino. (John Baptist) : English Franciscan 

friar, -1672. 

Canetta^ And. Hiu-tado de Mendoza, Marquis of : 

Spanish statesman, -1560. 
Canfleld, Benedict (Wm. Fitch) : Bnglish Capuchin 

friar, 1563-1611. 
Canfleld, Francesca Anna ; Amer. poetess, 1803-23. 
Canfleld, Hy. Judsou : American author, 1789-1856. 
Canfleld, Rich, A. : Amer, art collector, -1915. 
Canga Arguelles, Jos6 : Spanish statesman and 

writer, 1770-1843. 
Cange : See Ducange. 
Canglajio ; See Cambiaso. 
Canlous (Kenny), St.: See Cainnech. 
Canlna, Luigi : Ital. architect and antiq., 1795-1856. 



CANINI(US) 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



CAPET 



Caniiii(us), Angelo : Italian- Greek scholar and 

Orientalist, 1521-1557. 
Caninif Giov. Agnolo : Italian designer and en- 
graver, 1617-1666. 
Canisius, Hein. : Germ, canonist and antiq., -1610. 
Canisius. Pet. : Germ. Jesuit and theol., 1520-1597. 
Canitz, Fried. Rud. Ludw., Bar. von : German poet 

and statesman, 1654-1699. 
Canizares, JosS de : Spanish dramatist, 1676-1750. 
Caolzzaro, Stanislas : Italian chemist, 1826-1910. 
Cann, Abr.: English wrestler, 1794-1864. 
Cannablch, Christ. : German violinist and composer, 

1731-1798. 
Canne, Jno. : English Puritan divine and printer in 

Amsterdam, -1667*. 
Cannegieter, Hendrik : Dutch philologist, 1691-1770. 
Gannegieter, Herm. : Dutch philologist and jurist, 

1732-1804. 
Cannegieter, Joh. : Dutch jurist, 1731-1804. 
Cannera (Cainner) : Irish sa'nt, -530*. 

Ganney, Edw. : English divine and philanthropist, 

1842-1914. 
Canniciari, Don Pompeo : Ital. musician, -1744. 

Ganning, Chas. Jno., Earl: statesman and Governor- 
General of India, 1812-1862. 
Canning, Eliz. : English malefactor, 1734-1773. 
Ganning, Geo. : British statesman, 1770-1827. 
Canning, Hich. : English topographer, 1708-1775. 
Ganning, Sir Sam. : Scottish engineer and pioneer of 

submarine telegraphy, 1823-1908. 
Canning, Stratford, 1st Viscount Stratford de Red- 

clifEe : diplomatist, 1786-1880. 
Cannizzaro, Stanislao : Italian chemist, 1826-1910. 
Cannon, Chas. Jas. : American author, 1800-1860. 
Gannon, Geo. Q. : American Mormon, 1826-1901. 
Cannon, Jas. Spencer : Amer. physician, 1776-1852. 
Gannon, Newton: Gov. of Tennessee, 1781*-1842, 
Cannon, Rich. : English compiler of regimental 

records, 1779-1865. 
Cannon, Rob. : Dean of Lincoln, 1663-1722. 
Cannon, Wm. : Governor of Delaware, 1809-1865. 
Cano, Alonso : Spanish painter, sculptor and archi- 
tect, 1601-1667. 
Gano, Juan Seb. del : Spanish circmnnavigator, 

-1526. 
Cano, Melchior : Spanish bishop and author, ' Loci 

TheoJogici.' 1525-1560. 
Canon, Hans (ii4 Purschka-Straschiripka) : Austrian 

painter, 1830-1885. 
Canon (Canouicus), Jno. : Eng. schoolman, fi. 1329. 
Canonherins (Canonieri), Pet. And. : Flemish 

physician and jurist, fl. 17th century. 
Canonica, Luigi : Italian architect, 1742-1844. 
Canonieus : N. American-Indian chief, 1565-1647. 
Canoppi, Ant. : Ital. artist in Russia, 1773*-1832. 
Ganormus : German mineralogist. 173&- . 
Canossa, Luigi di : Ital. card, and bishop. 1809-1900. 
Ganot, Pet. Chas. : Fr. engrav. in Eng.. 1710-1777. 
Ganot, Theod. : French adventurer, 1807- 
Canova, Ant. : Italian sculptor, 1757-1822. 
Canovas del Castillo, Ant. : See Castillo. 
Ganrobert, Frang. Certain : Marshal of France, 1809- 

1895. 
Gansfield, Benedict : See Caniield. 
Canstein, Karl Hildebrand, Bar. de : German printer, 

1667-1719. 
Canstein, Phil., Baron von : Germ, gen., 1804-1877. 
Cant, And. : Scottish ecclesiastical leader and 

preacher, 1590*-1663. 
Cantacuzene, Gregory : Roumanian prem., 1837-1913. 
Cantacuzene, Sherban : Hospodar of Wallachia, 

1640-1688. 
Cantacuzene-Speranski : See Speranski. 
Cantacuzenus, Jno. : 5th Emperor of Constanthiople 

and historian, poet 1300-1410(11). 
Cantacuzenus, Matthteu'i : Emperor of the Ea'?t, 

-ante 1400. 
Cantarini, Simone, ' II Pesarese ' : Italian painter 

and etcher, 1612-1648. 
Cantebrig (Cambridge), Jno. de : English judge, 

-1335. 
Gantel, Pierre Jos. : Fr. Jesuit and phiiol.. 1645-1684. 
Gantelupe (Cantilupe, Cantelo or Canteleo), Fulk de : 

English baron, fl. 1209. 
Gantelupe, Geo. de, ' Bergavenny ' : English 

baron, -1273. 

Gantelupe, Nich. de : 3rd Barou Gantelupe, -1355. 



Gantelupe, Roger de : Eng. leg. and bar., fl. 1248. 

Gantelupe, Simon, ' Le Norman ' : Chanc, -1249. 

Gantelupe, Thos. de : Chancellor and Bishop of 
Hereford and saint, 1218*-1282. 

Cantelupe, "Walter de : Bp. of "Worcester, -1265. 

Gantelupe, Wm. de : 1st Bar. Cantelupe, -1239. 

Gantelupe, Wm.de : 2nd Bar. Cantelupe, -1251. 

Gantelupe, Wm. de : 3rd Bar. Cantelupe, -1254. 

Cantemir, Antiochus : Roumanian-Russian am- 
bassador and poet, 1700-1744. 

Cantemir, Constantine : Moldavian prince, -1693. 

Cantemir, Demetrius : Moldavian prince and 
historian, 1673-1723. 

Canter, Dirk ; Dutch classical critic, 1545-1616. 

Canter, Willem : Dutch philologist, 1542-1575. 

Canterbury, Viscount : See Mannera- Sutton. 

Cantillon, Rich. : Irish economist, -1734. 

Cantilupe : See Cantelupe. 

Canton, Gustaf Jac. : German painter, 1813-1885. 

Canton, Jno., F.R.S. : Eng. nat. philos., 1718-1772. 

Cantone, Ant. : Itahan general, -1915. 

Gantoni, Simone : Milanese architect, -1818. 

Gantrell, Hy. : Eng. miscell. writer, 1685*-1773. 

Cantu, Cesare : Ital. hist, and miscell. wr,, 1804-1895. 

Cantwell, And. : med. wr., of Tipperary, -1764. 

Canute I., ' Joy of Denmark ' : King of Denmark, 
-850*. 

Canute II., * The Gfeat ' • King of England and 
Denmark, 995*-1035. 

Canute III., 'The Saint' : Kg. of Denmark, -1086. 

Canute IV. : King of Denmark, -1157. 

Canute V. : King of Denmark, 1163-1202. 

Canute : son of St. Eric, Kg. of Sweden, -1199. 

Canute, Rob. : See Robert of Cricklade. 

Canuti, Domenico Maria : Ital. painter, 1620-1684. 

Canvane, Pet. : Amer. physn. in Eng., 1720-1786. 

Canynges, Wm. : Bristol merchant, 1399*~1474. 

Canzio, Stefano : Ital. patriot and general, 1837-1909. 

Gaonabo : Caribbee adventurer, -1494. 

Capaccio, Giulio Cesare : Ital. hist, writer, 1560-1631. 

Gapasso, Nich.: Ital. theol. .jurist andpoet,1671-1745. 

Gape, Wm. Tira. : English colonist in Australia and 
politician, 1806-1863. 

Capecelatro, Alfonso : Italian cardinal, historian and 
theological writer, 1824^1912. 

Capecio, Scipione : Neapolitan Latin poet, -1562*. 

Capeflgue, Jean Bapt. Honors Raymond : French 
historian and biographer, 1801-1872. 

Capel, Arth., Lord : Royalist, 1610*-1649. 

Capel, Arth., Earl of Essex ; Lord- Lieutenant of 
Ireland, 1631-1683. 

Capel, Sir Hy. : Ld. Capel of Tewkesbury, -1696. 

Capel, Rich. : English Puritan divine, 1586-1656. 

Capel, Sii Thos. Bladen : Brit, admiral, 1776-1853. 

Capel, Thos. Jno. : Irish- American Roman Catholic 
prelate and controversialist, 1836-1911. 

Capel, Wm. : 3rd Earl of Essex, 1697-1743. 

Capell, Edw. : English Shakspearean commentator, 
1713-1781. 

Gapell, Katharine : Countess of Essex, See Stephens, 
Kath. 

Gapella, Galeazzo Flavio Capra : Italian historian, 
1487-1537. 

Gapella, Guarino : Ital. macaronic poet, fl. 16th cent. 

Gapella, Martianus Minneus Felix : Roman encyclo- 
paedist, fl, 5th century. 

Capellanus, Jno. : Eng. trans, of BoetMus, fl. 1410*. 

Capellari, Cardinal ; See Gregory XVI., Pope. 

Capellen, G. A. G. P. van der : Dutch statesman, 
1778-1848. 

Capellen, Thos. Fran? . van der : Dutch vice-admiral 
1750*-1824. 

Capellen de Marck, R. G. B. van der : Dutch states- 
man, 1743-1798. 

Gapellmann, Joh. Aloys : Germ, phiiol., 1806-1860. 

Gapello, Bianca : wife of Cosmo de Medici, 1548-87, 

Gapellus (Cappel), Louis : French divine and Hebraist 
1585-1658. 

Capellus, Rud. : Germ. prof, of rhetoric, 1634-1684. 

Capen, Nahum : American author. 1804-1836. 

Caper, Flavins : Latin grammarian, 2nd century 

Gapern, Edw. : English poet, 1819-1894. 

Gapers, Wm. : American M.E. bishop. 1790-1855. 

Gaperton, Allen Taylor : American senator 1810-76 

Gapes, Wm. Wolfe: English divine, historian and 
scholar, 1834-1914. 

Capet, Hugh : King of France, -996. 



103 



CAPGRAVE 



DICTIONARY OP UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



CARDWELL 



Capgrave, Jno. : Augustinian Mar, historian and 

hagiologist, 1393-1464. 
Capillana : Peruvian princess, -1549. 
Capilupi, Ippolito : Bisliop of Fano and diplomatist, 

1511-1580. 
Capilupus, Lselius : Italian Latin poet, 1498-1560. 
Capistrano, St. Giov. de : Italian friar, theologian 

and inquisitor, 1386-1456. 
Capito, Wolfgang Fabricius : Alsatian reformer and 

scholar, 1478-1541. 
Capitolinus, Marcus Manlius : Homan deliverer, 

-B.C. 384. 
Capliers, Caspar Zdenko, Ct. : imperial gen., 1611-86. 
Capmany y Montpalau, Ant. de : Spanish historian, 

1742-1813. 
Capnion : See Reuchlin. 

Capo d'lstria, Giov. Ant. (Joannes), Count of : Greek 
statesman in Hussia and President of the Greek 
Eepublic, 1776-1831. 
Capocci, Gaetano ; Italian organist, 1811-1898. 
Capon (Salcot), Jno. : Bp. of Salisbury, -1557. 
Capon, Wm.: Master of Jesus Coll., Camb., -1550. 
Capon, Wm. : English scene painter and architect, 

1757-1827. 
Caponi, Gaetiano : Ital. musical composer, 1811-1898. 
Gaporali, C6sar : French comic poet, 1531-1601. 
Capozzoli, Dom., Pat. and Donlo : !N'eapolitan 

patriot brothers, -1829. ' 
Cappe, Newcome : Bng. Unit, minister, 1733-1800. 
Cappel, Gull. : French theologian, fi. 15th century. 
Cappel, Guil. : French writer, 1530-1586. 
Cappel, Jacques ; French jurisconsult, -1542. 
Cappel, Jacques : French theologian, 1570-1624. 
Cappel, Jacques ; French jurisconsult, 1525-1586. 
Cappel, Louis : French Prot, theologian, 1534-1586. 
Cappel, Louis : French Protestant theologian and 

scholar. ' Arcanum Punctuationis,' 1585-1658. 
Cappelle, Jan van de': Dutch marine and landscape 

painter, fl. 1650-1680. 
Cappelle, Jan Pieter van : Dutch philol., 1783-1829. 
Cappello, Bern. : Italian poet, 1500*-1566. 
Cappello, Bianca : Grand Duchess of Tuscany,1548-87. 
Capper, Chaa. : Eng. political economist, 1822-1869, 
Capper, Fes. : English divine, 1735-1818. 
Capper, Jas. : English meteorologist, 1743-1825. 
Capper, Jos. ; English eccentric, 1727-1804. 
Capper, Louisa ; English authoress, 1776-1840. 
Capper, Sir Thompson, Brit, gen., 1863-1915. 
Capperonnier, Claude : French Hellenist, 1671-1744. 
Capperonnier, Jean Aug. : French conservator of 

Hoyal Library, Paris, 1745-1820. 
Cappoeh, Thos. ; See Coppoch. 
Capponi, Aless. Greg., Marquis de : Italian archae- 
ologist, 1683-1746. 
Capponi, Giambatt: Italian physician and philo- 
sopher, -1676. 
Capponi, Gino, Marq. : Italian statesman and 

historian, 1792-1876. 
Capponi, Piero : Florentine statesman and warrior, 

1447-1496. 
Capponi, Kaffaellino (diBartolommeo and del Garbo) : 

Florentine religious painter, 1476*-1524*. 
Capponi, Seraphino Annibale : Ital. theol., 1536-1614. 
Capranica, Dom. : Italian cardinal, 1404-1458. 
Caprara,Giov. Batt.: Ital.card.and archbp.. 1733-1810. 
Capreolus ; Bishop of Carthage, -ar/te 439. 
Caprivi de Gaprera de Montecuccoli, Geo. Leo, Count 
von : German statesman and general, 1831-1899. 
Capronnier, Jean Bapt. : Belgian stained glass painter, 

1814-1891. 
Capua, Princess of : See Smyth, Penelope. 
Cara, Mustapha : Turkish grand vizier, 1634-1683. 
Caracalla, Marcus Au^eli^^s Antoninus : Emperor of 

Rome, 186-217. 
Caraeci, Agostino : Italian painter, 1557-1602. 
Caracci, Annibale : Italian painter, 1660-1609. 
Caraeci, Franc. : Italian painter, 1695-1622. 
Caracci, Ludovico : Italian painter, 1555-1619. 
Caraocio, Ant. : Italian poet, 1630-1702. 
Caraccio, Giov. : Ital. music, and comp., -1626. 
Caiaccioli : Italian general, 1480-1560. 
Caraccioli, Ant. : Prince of Meld, Marshal of France, 

1500*-1569. 
Caraccioli, Chas. : Ital. topographer in Eng., fl. 1766. 
Caraccioli, Franc. : Neap. adm. and revol., 1782-99. 
Caraccioli, Giov. : favourite of Jane II., Queen of 
Naples, -1432. 



Oaraoeioll, louis Ant. : French writer, ■ Letters of 

Ganganelli," 1721-1803. 
Caraccioli, E«b. : French divine and poL, 1425-1495. 
Caractacus: E!ing of the Britons, fl. 50. 
Caradoc, Sir Jno. Fes., Lord Howden : general, 

1762-1839. 
Caradoc, Sir Jno. Hobart, 2nd Lord Howden : 

diplomatist, 1799-1873. 
Caradog: South Welsh prince, -1085. 
Caradog, of Llancarvan : Welsh ecclesiastic and 

chronicler, fl. 1147*. 
Caradori-Allan, Maria Caterina Bosalbina (n^e de 

Mnnck) : Italian vocalist, 1800-1865. 
Oarafla, Ant. : Neapolitan cardinal, -1591. 
OaraOa, Ant. : Austrian field-marshal, -1693. 
Caraffa, Giov. Pietro : See Paul IV., Pope. 
CaraOa, Hieronymus, Marq. von ^ Montenegro : 

Imperial and Spanish general, 1664-1633. 
CaraSa (Carafa), Mich. Enrico : Neapolitan musician, 

1787-1872. 
CaraSa, Vine. : general of the Jesuits, 1685-1649. 
Caraglio, Giangiac : Italian engraver, 1600*-1551. 
Caramuel de Lobkowitz, Juan : Spanish controver- 
sialist, 1606-1682. 
Caran d' Ache : See Poir6, Emm. 
Carantacus : saint, fl. 450. 

Caranus : founder of Argive dynasty, fl. B.C. 750(800). 
Carausius, Marcus Aurelius : usurper of the empire 

m Britain, 250*-293(4). 
Caravaggio, Mich. Angelo Amerighi da : Italian 

painter, 1569-1609. 
Caravaggio, Pietro Paolo : ItaL mathem., 1617-1668, 
Caravaggio, Polidoro Caldara : Ital. pntr., 1496-1543. 
Carbach, Nic. : German philologist, fl. 1623. 
Carbajal, Luis : Spanish painter, 1634-1613*. 
Carbery, Earl of : See Vaughan. 
Carbo, Caius Papirius : Itoman consul and orator, 

-B.o. 119. 
Carbo, Cnelus Papirius : Horn, general, B.C. 180*-62. 
Carbone, Sir Gius. : Chf . Justice of Malta, 1839-1913. 
Carcani, Pasquale : Neap, archaeol., fl. 18th cent. 
Carcavi, Pet. de ; Fr. mathem. and bibliog., -1684. 
Card, Hy. : English miscellaneous writer, 1779-1844. 
Cardale, Jno. Bate : English Apostle of Catholic 

Apostolic Church, 1802-1877. 
Cardale, Paul : Eng. Dissenting minister, 1706-1775. 
Cardano^ Girolamo : Italian physician and mathe- 
matician and astrologer, 1601-1676. 
Cardenas, Bernardino de : Peruvian Bishop of 

Popayan, -1668. 

Cardenas, Juan de : Spanish physician in Mexico, 

fl. 16th century. 
Cardenas, Luis Ign. Pefialver y : Roman Catholic 

Archbishop of Guatemala, 1749-1810. 
Cardenas y Rodriguez, Jos6 M. de : Cuban author. 

1812-1882. 
Cardenas y Rodriguez, Nic. de : Spanish author, 

1814-1868. 
Carder, Pet. : English mariner, fl. 1577-1586. 
Cardew, Phil. : English soldier, engineer and elec- 
trician, 1861-1910. 
CardI, Lodovico (Cigoll) : Tuscan reUgious painter, 

1569-1613. 
Cardigan, Earl of : See Brudenel, Jas. Thos. 
Cardinal, Jos. Narcisse : Canad. revol., 1808-1838. 
Cardinal, Pierre : French troubadour, 1210*-1306. 
Cardinal!, Clem. : Italian archaeologist, 1789-1839. 
Cardmaker (Taylor), Jno.: English martyr, -1665. 
Cardon, Ant. : Belgian engraver, 1772-1813. 
Cardone, Denis Dom. de : French Orient., 1720-1783. 
Cardonnel, Adam de : secretary to the Duke of 

Marlborough, -1719. 
Cardonnel (Cardonnel-Lawson), Adam (Mansfeldt) 

de : English antiquary, -1820. 
Cardoso, JosS Joaquim : Mexican jurist, 1802-1878. 
Cardoso, Manuel : Spanish priest and musical com- 
poser, 1569-1650. 
Cardoio, Isaac N. ; journ. in 8. America, 1786-1850. 
Cardross, Lords : See Erskine. 
Carduccl, Giosu6 : Italian poet and man of letters, 

1836-1907. 
Carducclo (Carducho), Bart. : Italian painter, 

architect and sculptor in Spain, 1660-1610. 
Carducclo (Carducho), Vine. : Italian painter in 

Spain, 1568-1636. 
Cardwell, Edw. : English Church historian and 

theologian, 1787-18ei. 



104 



CARD WELL 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



CARLTON 



Caldwell, Edw., Visot.: British statcBmn., 1813-1886. 

Care, Hy. : Bngllsli pol. wr. and Journ., 1646-1688. 

Careless, Wm. : See Carlos. 

Carime, Marie Ant. : Erencli cook, 1784-1838. 

Carencross, Alex. : See Cairncross. 

Garesana, Oristoforo : Italian musician, 1655-1730*. 

Carestlni, Giov. : Italian singer, fl. 1721-1758. 

Garew : See also Carey and Gary. 

Carew, Sir Alex. : English rep. politician, 1609-1644. 

Carew, Bamfylde Moore : English King ot the 

Gipsies and Jacohite, 1693-1770*. 
Carew, Sir Ben. Hallowell : Brit, admiral, 1760-1834. 
Carew, Sic Bdm. ; English soldier, 1464-1513. 
Carew, Eliz., Lady : See Carey, Eliz., Lady. 
Carew, Geo. : English historian, lawyer and diplo- 
matist, -1618*. 
Carew, Geo., Earl of Totness : statesman, 1555-1629. 
Carew, Sir Jno. : Justiciar of Ireland, -1862. 
Carew, Jno. : EngUsh regicide, -1660. 
Carew, Jno. Edw. : Irish sculptor, 1785*-1868. 
Carew, Sir Math. : Master in Chancery, -1618. 
Carew, Sir Nich. ; master of the horse to Henry VIII., 

-1639. 
Carew, Sir Pet. : Eng. sold, and courtier, 1514-75. 
Carew, Rich.; English poet and antiquary, 1665-1620. 
Carew, Sir Kich. : English educationist, -1643*. 
Carew (Carey), Bob., 'Cervlnus' : English schoolman, 

fl. 1325. 
Carew, Sir Thos. : Irish statesm. and sold., -1362. 
Carew, Thos. : English poet, 1596*-1645*. 
Carew (Carve), Thos. : See also Carve, Thos. 
Carey : See also Carew and Cary. 
Carey, Dav. ; English journ. and poet, 1782-1824. 
Carey (Carew), Ehz., Lady, the elder : patroness of 

the poets, fl. 1590. 
Carey, Eustace ; English miss, to India, 1791-1855. 
Carey, Felix : EngUsh OrientaUst, 1786-1822. 
Carey, Geo. : 2nd Lord Hunsdon, 1547-1603. 
Carey, Geo. Jackson : British major-gen., 1822-1872. 
Carey, Geo. Saville : English miscellaneous writer, 

actor and entertainer, 1743-1807. 
Carey, Hy., 1st Lord Hunsdon : Gov. of Berwick and 

chamberlain of Qn. Elizabeth's household,1524*-96. 
Carey, Hy., 2nd Earl of Monmouth : writer and 

translator, 1596-1661. 
Carey, Hy. : English musician, dramatist and poet, 

1690*-1743. 
Carey, Hy. Chas. : Amer. pol. economist, 1793-1879. 
Carey, Jas. : Irish Fenian and informer, 1845-1883. 
Carey, Jno. : 3rd Lord Hunsdon, -1617. 
Carey, Jno. : Irish classical scholar, 1756-1826. 
Carey, Math. : Irish bookseller, 1760-1839. 
Carey, Sir Oct. ; Brit, major-general, 1786-1844. 
Carey, Pat. : See Cary. 
Carey, Bob., 1st Earl of Monmouth : -writer of 

' Memoirs,' 1660*-1639. 
Carey, Rosa Nouchette : Eng. novelist, 1840-1909. 
Carey, Val. : See Cary. 

Carey, Wm. : Eng. Orientalist and miss., 1761-1834. 
Carey, Wm. : Bishop of Exeter and of St. Asaph, 

1769-1846. 
Carey, Wm. Paulet : Irish art critic, 1769-1839. 
Carez, Jos. : French printer, -1801. 
Cargill, Ann : Eng. actress and vocalist, 1748*-1784. 
CargiU, Don. (Dan.) : Scottish Covenanting preacher, 

1610-1681. 
Cargill, Jas. : Scottish botanist, fl. 1605. 
Cargill, Wm. : founder of the Otago Settlement, 

New Zealand, 1784-1860. 
Carhart, Jeremiah : Amer. inventor, 1813-1868. 
Carheil, Etienne de : French Jesuit missionary in 

America, fl. 1670. 
Carheil, Etienne de: French missionary among the 

Worth Americau Indians, -1726. 
Cariano, Giov. de Busi : Ital. rel. pntr., 1480*-1541. 
Caribert : See Charibert. 
Carier, Ben.: English Roman Catholic controversialist, 

1666-1614. 
Carilef, Wm. de. Saint : Bp. of Durham, -1096. 
Carington, Sir Wm. : Eng, court oflicial, 1846-1914, 
Carinus, Marcus Aurelius : Bmp, of Rome, -285. 
Carissimi, Giac. : Rom. mus, composer, 1604-1674. 
Carkeet, Sam. : Bug. Presbyt. minister, -1746. 
Carkesse, Jas. : English verse writer, fl. 1679. 
Carkett, Rob, : British naval captain, -1780. 
Carl, Phil. Franz Hein. : German astronomer and 

physicist, 1837-1891. 



105 



Carlberg, Gotthold : German musician in America, 
1838-1881. 

Carleill, Christopher : English naval and military 
commander, 1561*-1593. 

Carlell, Lodowiok : Eng, dramatist, fl. 16-29-1664. 

Carlen, Emilia Flyggare ; Swed. novelist, 1807-1892. 

Carleton, Lord : See Boyle, Hy. 

Carleton, Cath. Sedley : Otss. of Dorchester -1692, 

Carleton, Sir Dudley, Viscount Dorchester: states- 
man, 1573-1632, 

Carleton, Geo. : Bishop of Chiciiester, 1569-1628. 

Carleton, Geo. : English soldier, fl. 1728. 

Carleton, Guy : Bishop of Chichester, 1698*-1685. 

Carleton, Sir Guy, Lord Dorchester: Governor of 
Quebec, 1724-1808. 

Carleton, Hy. : American jurist, 1785-1863, 

Carleton, Hugh, Viscount : Lord Chief Justice of Ire- 
land, 1739-1826. 

Carleton, Hugh Fes. : N.Z. statesman, 1810-1890. 

Carleton, Jas. Hy. : Amer. maj.-gen., 1814-1873, 

Carleton, Mary, 'The German Princess,' 1642*-1673. 

Carleton, Osgood : Amer, mathem,, 1742-1816, 

Carleton, Rich. : Bug. mua. comp., 1560*-1638*. 

Carleton, Thos. Compton : See Compton. 

Carleton, Will : American poet, 1845-1913. 

Carleton, Wm. : English judge, -1309*. 

Carleton, Wm. : Irish novelist, 1794-1869. 

Carletti, Franc. Saverio, Count : Italian statesman, 
1750*-1803, 

Carletti, Nice. : Italian architect, 1723-1800. 

Carli, Gian Rinaldo, Conte : Italian astronomer and 
antiquary, 1720-1795. 

Carli, Giov. Girolamo : Ital. antiquary, 1719-1786. 

Carliell, Rob. : English poet, -1622. 

Carlile : See also Carliell, Carlisle and Carlyle. 

Garlile (Carlisle), Anne : Eng, painter, -1680*. 

Carlile, Christopher : English di-vine, -1588*. 

Carlile, Christopher : See Carleill, Christopher, 

Carlile, Jas, : Eng, actor and dramatist, -1691, 

Carlile, Jas, : Scot, theological -\vriter, 1784-1854. 

Carlile, Jno. Snyder : Amer. senator, 1817-1878. 

Carlile, Rich, : English freethinker, 1790-1843. 

Carlin, Jno. : American subject painter, 1813-1891. 

Carlin, Thos. : Governor of Illmois, 1791-1852. 

darling. Sir Jno. ; Canadian statesman, 1828-1911. 

Carlingford, Earl of : See Taafe, Theobald. 

Carlini, Agostino: Ital, pntr. in England, -1790. 

Carlini, Franc. : Italian astronomer," 1783-1862. 

Carli-Ruibi, Giov. Rmaldo, Coimt of : Italian econo- 
mist and antiquary, 1720-1795. 

Carlisle : See also Carleill, Carliell, Carlile and 
Carlyle. 

Carlisle, Earls and Countesses of : See Hay and 
Howard. 

Carlisle, Sir Ant. : English surgeon and physiolo- 
gist, 1768-1840. 

Carlisle, Jno. Geo. : American lawyer and states- 
man, 1836-1910. 

Carlisle, Nich. : English antiquary, 1771-1847. 

Carlisle, Rich. Risley : American athlete, 1814-1874. 

Carloman L, Mayor of the Palace : son of Chas. 
Martel, King of France, -754, 

Carloman II. : son of Pepin ' The Short,' King of 
France, 751-771. 

Carloman HI. : King of France, -884. 

Carloman IV.: son of Chas. 'The Bald,' Kuig of 
France, -886. 

Carloman: King of Bavaria and Italy, 828-880. 

Carloni, Giov. : Genoese painter, 1591-1630. 

Carlopago : See Ziegler, Karl. 

Carlos : King of Portugal, 1863-1908. 

Carlos, Don : Infante of Navarre, 1420-1461. 

Carlos, Don : son of Philip II. and hek to Spanish 
Crown, 1645-1568. 

Carlos, Don : See Charles III. of Spain. 

Carlos, Don : Infante of Spain and Pretender 1788- 
1856. 

Carlos, Don, Count of Montemolin: Spanish Pre- 
tender, 1818-1861, 

Carlos, Don : Spanish Pretender, 1848-1909, 

Carlos, Edw, Jao, : English antiquarv, 1798-1861 

Carlos (Carles, Careless), Wm, : English Royalist 
offlcer, -1689, 

Carlse, Jas, : English engraver, 1798-1855, 

Carlstadt, And, Rudolf Bodenstem : German Protest- 
ant reformer, 1480-1541, 

Carlton, Thos, : Americau divine, 1808-1874. 



CARLYLE 



DICTIONARY OP UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



CARR 



Carlyle, Alex. : Scot. div. and autobiog., 1722-1805. 
Carlyle, Jane Baillie Welsh : wife of Thomas Carlyle, 

1795-1881. 
Carlyle, Jno. Aitken ; Scottish commentator and 

translator of Dante, 1801-1879. 
Carlyle, Jos. Dacre : English Orientalist and poet, 

1759-1804, 
Carlyle, Mary Carlyle : amanuensis to Thomas 

Carlyle, 1848-1895. 
Carlyle, Thos. : Scottish Apostle of the Catholic 

Apostolic Church, 1803-1855. 
Carlyle, Thos. : Scottish essayist, historian and 

philosopher, * French Revolution,* ' Frederick 

the Great," ' Sartor Resartus," etc., 1796-1881. 
Carlyon, Clem. : Eng. wr. of memoirs, 1777-1864. 
Carmagnola, Franc. Bussone, Count of : Italian 

soldier of fortune, 1390-1432. 
Carman, Capt. ; American seaman, -1645. 
Carmath : founder of Mohammedan sect, fl. 9th cent. 
Carmell (Lacermus), Mich. Aug. : Italian philologist, 

1706-1766. 
Carmelianus, Pet. ; Ital. poet in England, -1527. 
Carmichael, Alex. : Scottish archseologist, -1912. 
Carmichael, Fred. : Scottish divine, 1708-1751. 
Caimicliael, Gershom : Scot, philos., 1672*-1729. 
Carmichael, Sir Jas., Lord Carmichael : Royalist, 

1578*-1672. 
Carmichael, Jaa. : Scottish grammarian, fl. 1587. 
Carmichael, Jas. : Canadian bishop, -1908. 
Carmichael, Jas. Wilson ; Bug. marine pntr., 1800-68. 
Carmichael, Sir Jno. : Scot. Border chief, -1600. 
Carmichael, Jno., 2nd Lord : 1st Earl of Hyndlord, 

1638-1710. 
Carmichael, Jno., 3rd Biirl of Hyndford : diplomatist, 

1701-1767. 
Carmichael, Rich. ; Irish surgeon and medical 

writer, 1779-1849. 
Carmichael, Wm. : Amer. diplomatist, -1796. 
Carmiencke, J. Herm. : Germ.-Amer. pntr., 1810-67. 
Carmona, Alonso (Alfonso) : Span, sold., fl. 16th cent. 
Carmontelle, — : Fr. miscell. writer, 1717-1806. 
Carmylyon, Alice (Ellys) : Italian painter in. Eng- 
land, fl. 1627-1631. 
Carnaby, Wm. : Eng. musical composer, 1772-1839. 
Carnac, Sir Jas. Rivett ; Gov. of Bombay, 1785-1846. 
Carnac, Jno. : Anglo-Indian soldier, 1716-1800. 
Carnahan, Jas. : American educationist, 1776-1869. 
Carnarvon, Earl of : See Dormer, Herbert. 
Carnduff, Sir Herb. : Anglo-Ind. judge, 1862-1916. 
Came, Sir Edw. : Welsh diplomatist, -1561. 
Came, Bliz. Cath. Thos. : Eng. authoress, 1817-1873. 
Came, Jno. : Eng. trav. and biographer, 1789-1844. 
Came, Jos., F.R.S. : English geologist, 1782-1858. 
Came, Rob. Harkness : Eng. theol. wr., 1784-1844. 
Carneades, of Oyrene : Greek phUos., B.C. 213*-129. 
Carnegie, Sir Dav. : Earl of Southesk, 1575-1658. 
Carnegie, Jas., Earl of Southesk : Scottish poet and 

antiquary, 1827-1905. 
Carnegie, Sir Rob., of Kinnaird : Scottish statesman 

and lawyer, -1666. 
Carnegie, Wm., Earl of Northesk : British admiral, 

1768-1831. 
Carnesecchl, Pietro : Ital. humanist, 1608-1567. 
Carnicer, Ramon : Span. mus. comp., 1789-1855. 
Camot, Lazare Hipp. : Fr. statesman, 1801-1888. 
Carnot, Lazare Nic. Marg. : French mathematician, 

statesman and general, 1753-1823. 
Camot, Marie Fran?. Sadi : President of French 

RepubUo, 1837-1894. 
Carnot, Sadl Nic. Leonhard : Fr. physicist, 1796-1832. 
Camwath, Earl of : See Dalyell, Sir Hob. 
Caro, Annibale : Italian poet, 1607-1666. 
Caro, Elme Marie : French philosopher, 1826-1887. 
Caro, Jos. ben Bphraim : Spanish-Jewish codifler 

and rabbi, 1488-1675. 
Carolan, Turlough 0' : Irish poet and musical 

composer, 1670-1738. 
Caroline Amelia Elizabeth : Queen of George IV. of 

England, 1768-1821. 
Caroline Maria : Queen of Naples, 1752-1814. 
Caroline Matilda : Queen of Denmark and Norway, 

1751-1776. 
Caroline Wilhelmina ; Queen of George II. of England, 

1683-1737. 
Caron, Sir Jos. : Canadian statesman, 1843-1908. 
Caron, Philippe : Flem. musical composer, 1420*- 
Caron, Redmond ; Irish friar and author, 1605*-66. 



Caron, Reni Edw. : Canadian statesman, 1800-1876. 
Caroso, Fabritio ; Ital. wr. on dancing, 1535'- 
Caroto, Gian Franc. : Ital. painter, 1470-1546. 
Carpacclo.Vittore (ScarpacciaorScarpaza): Venetian 

religious painter, 1465*-1522*. 
Carpani, Gius. : Italian poet and writer on music, 

1762-1825. 
Carpeaux, Jean Bapt. : Fr. sculptor, 1827-1875. 
Carpender, Edw. Wm. : Amer. nav. officer, 1797-1877. 
Carpenter, Alex. (Fabricius) : Eng. theol. wr., fl. 1429. 
Carpenter, Alf. Jno. : English physician and medical 

writer, 1825-1892. 
Carpenter, Ben. : American patriot, 1726-1823, 
Carpenter, Chas. Ketchum : Amer. pol., 1826-1884. 
Carpenter, Dan. : Amer. police inspector, 1815*-1866. 
Carpenter, Geo., Ld. Carpenter : Brit, gen,, 1657-1732. 
Carpenter, Geo. Alf. : English physician and medical 

writer, 1859-1910. 
Carpenter, Geo. W. : Amer. scientist, 1802-1860. 
Carpenter, Jas. : British admiral, 1760-1846. 
Carpenter, Jno. ; Town Clerk of London, 1370*-1441. 
Carpenter, Jno. : Bishop of Worcester, -1476. 

Carpenter, Jno. : Eng. div. and rel. wr., -1621. 
Carpenter, Lant ; Eng. Unit, div., 1780-1840. 
Carpenter, Marg. Sarah : Bug. port, pntr., 1793-1872. 
Carpenter, Mary : Bug. phllanth. and educat.,1807-77. 
Carpenter, Math. Hale : Amer. senator, 1824-1881. 
Carpenter, Nath. : English author and philosopher, 

1589-1628'. 
Carpenter, PhU. Herb., F.R.S. : English palaeonto- 
logist and zoologist, 1852-1891. 
Carpenter, Phil. Pearsall : Eng. conchol., 1819-1877. 
Carpenter, Rich. : English divine and author, 1575- 

1627. 
Carpenter, Rich. : English theological mountebank, 

-1670*. 
Carpenter, Rich. Cromwell : Eng. archt., 1812-1855. 
Carpenter, Rob. : English cricketer, 1830-1901. 
Carpenter, Steph. Cutter : Amer. journ., -1820. 
Carpenter, Steph. Haskms : Amer. educat., 1831-78. 
Carpenter, Wm. : Eng. miscell. writer, 1797-1874. 
Carpenter, Wm. Ben. : English naturalist and 

physiologist, 1813-1885. 
Carpenter, Wm. Hookham: English connoisseur in 

prints, 1792-1866. 
Carpentier, ^ : Fr. eoon. and author, 1739*-1778. 
Carpentier, Pierre : Governor-General of Dutch East 

Indies, 1588«-1659. 
Carpentier, Pierre : French palsographist, 1697-1787. 
CarpentiSre (CharpentWre) : Fr. statuary, -1737. 
Carpentiers(Charpentier(e)),Adrien : French portrait 

painter, fl. 1760-1774. 
Carpi, Gkolamo da : pntr. of Ferrara, 1601-1656. 
Carpi, Ugo da ; Italian painter and wood engraver, 

inventor of chiaroscuro, 1486*-1530*. 
Carpini, Joannes de P^no : Italian traveller in 

Tartary, fl. 1245-1248. 
Carpio, Man. : Mexican physician, 1791-1860. 
Carpioni, Giulio : Italian painter, 1611-1674. 
Carpocrates : Alexandrian Gnostic, 2nd century. 
Carpue, Jos. Constantino ; English surgeon and 

anatomist, 1764-1846. 
Carpzov, Aug. : German diplomatist, 1612-1683. 
Carpzov, Benedict : German jurist, 1565-1624. 
Carpzov, Benedict : professor of law at Wittemberg, 

1595-1666. 
Carpzov, Joh. Benedict : Lutheran divine at Leipsic, 

1607-1657, 
Carpzov, Joh. Benedict : German Biblical and 

Rabbinical writer, 1639-1699. 
Carpzov, Joh. Benedict : German philosopher, philo- 
logist and Hellenist, 1720-1803. 
Carpzov, Joh. Gottlob : German Lutheran Orientalist, 

1679-1767. 
Carr, Dabney : American patriot, 1744-1773. 
Carr, Dabney S. ; American naval officer and 

diplomatist, 1803-1854. 
Carr, Jno. : English music publisher, fl. 1673-1693. 
Carr, Jno., of York : architect, 1723-1807. 
Carr, Jno. : English translator of Lucian, 1732-1807. 
Carr, Sir Jno, : Eng. traveller and author, 1772-1832. 
Carr, Johnson ; English painter, 1744-1765. 
Carr, Nich. : English classical scholar, 1624-1668. 
Carr, R. : English engraver, fl. 1668, 
Carr, Rich. : English physician, 1651-1706. 
Carr (Ker), Rob., "Viscount Rochester, Earl of 

Somerset: favourite of James I., -1645. 



106 



CARR 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



CARTHACH 



Carr, Sir Rob. ; Brit, oommlas. in New Bng., -1667. 
Carr, Rob. Jas. : Bisliop of Worcester, 1774-1841. 
Carr, Roger : English divine, -1612. 
Carr, Thos. (Miles Pinkney) : See Carre, Thos. 
Carr, Wra. Holwell : English art connoisseur, 

1758-1830. 
Carra, Jean Louis : French revolutionist, 1743-1793. 
Carra-Saint-Cyr, Jean Fran?., Count of : French 

general, 1766-1834, 
Carracci, Agostino : Bolognese engraver, painter, 

poet and musician, 1557-1602. 
Carracci, Annibale ; Bolognese mythical and religious 

painter, 1560-1609. 
Carracci, Franc. ; Bolognese painter, 1595-1622. 
Carracci, Ludovico : Bolognese painter, 1555-1619. 
Carranza, Bart. : Archbishop of Toledo, theologian 

and writer, 1603-1576. 
Carrara, Franc, da : sovereign of Padua, -1393. 
Carrara, Franc. II. da, ' Novello ' : sovereign of 

Padua, -1406. 

Carratala, Jos6 : Spanish capt. -general, -1845*. 
Carr6, Louis ; French mathemaiiician, 1663-1711. 
Carre, Thos., 'Miles Pinkney': English Roman 

Catholic divine, 1599-1674. 
Carre, Walter Ridden : Bng. topographer, 1807-1874. 
Carrel, Jean Bapt. Nic. Armand : French publicist, 

1800-1836. 
Carrell, Oolumba : Irish Mother Superior, 1810-1878. 
Carrell, Geo. Alovsius : American Roman Catholic 

Bishop of Covington, 1803-1868. 
Carrenno de Miranda, Juan : Span, patr., 1614-1685. 
Carrera, Jos6 Mig. : Chil. gen. and patriot, 1785-1821. 
Carrara, Pietro : Sicilian wr. on chess, 1571-1647. 
Carrera, Rafael : Pres. of Guatemala, 1814-1865. 
Carrerl, Giov. Franc. Gemelli ; Neapolitan traveller, 

' Giro del Mondo,' 1661-1725. 
Carrick, Earl of : See Bruce, Robert de, VII. 
Carrick, Jno. Don. : Scottish song writer and 

journalist, 1787-1837. 
Carrick, Thos. ; Eng. miniature painter, 1802-1875. 
Carrier, Ben. ; See Carier. 

Carrier, Jean Bapt. : Fr. Jacobin leader, 1756-1794. 
Carrier, Thos. ; American centenarian, 1626-1735. 
Carriera, Rosalba : Venetian miniature and crayon 

portrait painter, 1675-1757. 
Carrier-Belleuze ; French sculptor, 1824-1887. 
Carridre, Eug6ne : French painter, 1848-1906. 
Carriere, Moritz : Germ, philos. and hist., 1817-1895. 
Carridres, Louis de : Fr. Bibl. comment., 1662-1717. 
Carrigain, Phil. : American physician, 1746-1806. 
Carrigain, Phil. : Amer. lawyer andsurv., 1772-1842. 
Carrillo, Braulio : dictator of Costa Rica, 1800-1846. 
Carrington, Lord : See Primrose, Sir Arch. 
Carrington, Lord : See Smith, Rob. 
Carrington, Sir Codrington Edm. : Chief Justice of 

Ceylon, 1769-1849. 
Carrington, Edw, : revol. sold. In Amer., 1749-1810. 
Carrington, Sir Fred. : British general, 1844-1913. 
Carrington,^ Fred. Geo. : Eng. journalist, 1816-1864. 
Carrington, Noel Thos. : Devpnshire poet, 1777-1830. "^ 
Carrington, Paul : Americairstatesman, 1733-1818. 
Carrington, Paul : Amer. revol. soldier, 1764-1816. 
Carrington, Rich. Christopher: Eng. astron., 1826-75. 
Carrington, Rob. Edm. : Eng. physician, 1853-1887. 
Ca.Tington-Smith, Thos., Eng. agrionlt., 1832-1915. 
Carrion, Ludw. : Flemish philologist, 1547-1596. 
Carrodus, Jno. Tiplady : English violinist. 1836-1895. 
Carroll, Ant. : Irish Jesuit and miss., 1722-1794. 
Carroll, Chas. : American political leader and signer 

of the Declaration of Independence, 1737-1832. 
Carroll, Dan. : American patriot, -1829. 
Carroll, Jno. : American Roman Catholic Bishop of 

Baltimore, 1735-1817. 
Carroll, Wm. : American major-general and Governor 

of Tennessee, 1788-1844. ' 
Carroll, Sir Wm. Farebrother : Brit.;adm., 1784-1862. 
Carroll, Wm. H. : Amer. brig.-general, 1820*- 
Carron, Gui Toussaint Julien : French moralist, 

1760-1821. 
Carruth, Jas. Harrison : Amer. botanist, 1807-1896. 
Carruthers, And. : Scottish Roman Catholic Bishop 

of Ceramls, 1770-1852. 
Carruthers, Jas. : Scottish historian, 1759-1832. 
Carruthers, Rob. : Scot, miscell. writer, 1799-1878, 
Carruthers, Wm. A. : American novelist, 1800*-1860. 
Carse, Alex. : Scottish painter, fl. 1812-1820. 
Carse, Wm. ; Scottish painter, fl. 1818-1845. 



Carsewell, Jno. : Bishop of the Isles, fl. 1560-1572. 
Carson, Aglionby Ko.^is : Scot, class, schol., 1780-1850. 
Carson, Alex. : Irish Baptist minister, 1776-1844. 
Carson, Christopher, ' Bdt Carson ' : American 

hunter, scout and brigadier-general, 1809-1868. 
Carson, Jas, : Scot, physician and writer, 1772-1843. 
Carstares, Wm. : Scot, statesm. and div,, 1649-1715. 
Carstens, Armus Jac. : Germ. hist, piitr,. 1754-1798. 
Carstens, Carsten Erich : Germ, hist, and wr„ ] HlO-99. 
Carsughi, Rainer : Tuscan Jesuit, Latin poet and 

writer, 1647-1709. 
Carswell, Sir Rob. : Scottish physician and patho- 

logUt, 1793-1857. 
Cartari (Chartarius), Vino. . Italian poet and 

litterateur, fl. 1561. 
Carte, Rich. D'Oyley : English promoter of English 

opera and composer, 1844-1901. 
Carte, Sam. : Bng. divine and antiquary, 1653-1740, 
Carte, Thos. : English historian, 1686-1754. 
Cartellier, Pierre : Frepch sculptor, 1757-1831. 
Carter, Aubrey Jno. : British soldier, 1872-1914. 
Carter, Chas. : English-New-Zealand missionary and 

Sinhalese scholar, -1914. 

Carter, Chas. Ign. Hardman : American Roman 

Catholic divine, 1803-1879. 
Carter, Dav. K. : American jurist, 1815- 
Carter, Edm. : English topographer, fl. 1763. 
Carter, Eliz. : English poetess, translator and 

miscellaneous writer, 1717-1806. 
Carter, Ellen : English artist and book illustrator, 

1762-1815. 
Carter, Fes. : Eng. traveller and antiquary, -1783. 
Carter, Sir Fred, Bowker Terrington : Newfoundland 

chief justice, 1809-1900, 
Carter, Geo. : English painter, 1737-1794. 
Carter, Harry Wm. : English physician, 1787-1863. 
Carter, Hy., ' Frank Leslie ' : English artist, pub- 

lislier and journalist, 1821-1880. 
Carter, Hy. Jno. : Anglo-Indian medical officer and 

naturalist, -1895. 

Carter, Hugh : English painter, 1837-1903. 
Carter, Jas. ; English engraver, 1798-1855. 
Carter, Jas. : Bng. physician and scient., 1814*-1895. 
Carter, Jas. Gordon : American educational reformer, 

1796-1849. 
Carter, Jno., ' The Elder ' : Eng. div., 1564-1635. 
Carter, Jno., ' The Younger ' : Bng. div., 1655. 

Carter, Jno. : pioneer of Tennessee, fl. 1786. 
Carter, Jno. : English draughtsman and architect, 

1748-1818. 
Carter, Jno. : Bng. sill£ weaver and artist, 1815-1850. 
Carter, Jno. C. : Amer. naval officer, 1806-1870. 
Carter, Josiah Mason : American lawyer and 

poUtician, 1813-1868. 
Carter, Lawr. : English judge, 1672-1745. 
Carter, Lorenzo : American pioneer, 1767-1814. 
Carter, Math. : English Royalist and heraldic writer, 

fl. 1660. 
Carter, Nath. Hazletme : Amer. author, 1787-1830. 
Carter, Oliver : English divine, 1540 '-1 605. 
Carter, Owen Browne : English architect and 

draughtsman, 1806-1859. 
Carter, Pet. : EngUsh writer on logic, 1630*-1590. 
Carter, Rich. : British rear-admiral, -1692. 
Carter, Rob. : American editor, 1819-1879. 
Carter, Sam. Powhatan : American major-general 

and rear-admiral, -1819. 
Carter, Thos. : English sculptor, -1796. 
Carter, Tlios. : Irish music, and comp., 1769-1800. 
Carter, Thos. : Irish musical composer, 1734-1804. 
Carter, Thos. : English military writer -1867. 

Carter, Thos. Thellussou : English divme, contro- 
versialist and reUgious writer, 1808-1901. 
Carter, W. : English cricketer, 1844-1888. 
Carter, Wm. : EngUsh printer, -1684. 
Carteret, Sir Geo. : English politician and RoyalUt 

Governor of Jersey, 1610*-1680. 
Carteret, Jno., Earl Granville : statesman, 1690-1763. 
Carteret, Sir Phil, de : Governor of Jersey, 1684- 

1643. 
Carteret, Phil. : British rear-admiral and navigator 

-1796. 
Carteromaco, Scipio : Gk. schol. at Venice 1467-1513 
Cartes, Renfi des : See Descartes. 
Carthach, St., ' The Elder ' : Irish saint, -580*. 
Carthaeh, St., ' The Younger,' ' Mochuda ' : Bishop 
of Lismore, -636. 



107 



CARTHEW 



DICTIONARY OP UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY CASIMIR-PERIER 



Carthew, Geo. Alf. : Bng. antiquary, 1807-1882. 

Carthew, Thos. ; Eng. serjeant-at-law, 1657-1704. 

Caitier, Sir Geo. Etienne : Canad. statesm., 1814-73. 

Gartier (Qiiartier), Jacques : Frencli navigator and 
explorer, 1491-/josf 1557. 

Cartier, Jean Bapt. : French writer on tlie violin 
and -violinist, 1765-1841. 

Cartouche, Louis Dom. : French bandit, 1693-1721. 

Cartwright, Christopher : English divine and Hebraist, 
1602-1658. 

Cartwiight, Edm. : English poet and inventor of 
power-loom, 1743-1823. 

Cartwright, Edm. : English topographer, 1777-1833. 

Cartwright, Frances Dorothy : English poetess and 
biographer, 1780-1863. 

Cartwright, Geo. : English dramatist, fl. 1681. 

Cartwright, Geo. : English traveller, 1739-1819. 

Cartwright, Jno. ; English pauiter, fl. 1763-1808. 

Cartwright, Jno. : Eng. pol. reformer, 1740-1824. 

Cartwright, Jos. ; Eng. marine painter, 1789*-1829. 

Cartwright, Pet. ; American divine and Abolitionist, 
1785-1872. 

Cartwright, Sir Rich. Jno. : Canadian statesman, 
1835-1912. 

Cartwright, Sam., F.K.S. : Eng. dentist, 1789-1864. 

Cartwright, Sam. A. ; Amer. physician, 1793-1862. 

Cartwright, Thos. : Eng. Puritan div., 1635*-1603. 

Cartwright, Thos. : Bishop of Chester, 1634-1689. 

Cartwright, Sir Thos. : Bug. diplomatist, 1795-1850. 

Cartwright, Wm. : Eng. div. and dram., 1611-1643. 

Cartwright, Wm. : Eng. actor and bookseller, -1687. 

Carucci : See Pontormo. 

Carulli, Perdinando : Ital. guitar player, 1770-1841.' 

Carus, Karl Gust. ; German physiologist, psycholo- 
gist, art critic and painter, 1789-1869. 

Carus, Marcus Aurelius : Emperor of Rome, 223*-283. 

Carus, Thos. : English judge, -1672*. 

Caruso, Luigi : Neapolitan mus. comp., 1754-1822. 

Carvajal, Ant. Fernandez, • The first English Jew ' : 
Span.-Eng. merch. and Jewish leader, -1659. 

Carvajal, Ciriaco Gonz^ez : Span, jurist, fl. 1812. 

Carvajal, Franc, de : Spanish general, 1464*-1548. 

Carvajal, Gaspar de : Spanish missionary, -1584. 

Carvajal, Juan de : Spanish cardinal, 1400*-1469. 

Carvajal, Luisa de : Span. miss, in Eng., 1568-1614. 

Carvajal, Tomas Jos6 Gonz. : Spanish statesman, 
1763-1834. 

Carvalho : See also Pombal. 

Carvalho, Leon : French vocalist and theatre 
manager, born in Mauritius, 1825-1897. 

Carvalho, Marie Car. Pffix {n4e Mlolau) : French 
vocalist, 1827-1896. 

Carvalho d'Acosta, Ant. : Port, topog., 1650-1715. 

Carvalho da Silva, Jos. : Spanish writer and publicist, 
1782-1845. 

Carve, Thos. : Irish trav. and hist., 1590-1672*. 

Carvell, Nich. : English poet, -1566. 

Carver, Alf. Jas. : English schookaaster and educa- 
tionist, 1826-1909. 

Carver, Jno. : leader of the Pilgrim Fathers and 1st 
Governor of Plymouth, 1576*-1621. 

Carver, Jon. : American traveller, 1725*-1780. 

Carver, Kob.; Irish lands, and scene pntr., -1791. 

Carvosso, Ben. : Eng. Wesleyan minister, 1789-1854. 

Carvstius : grammarian, fl. ante B.o. 100. 

Carwardine, Penelope (Mrs. Butler) : English minia- 
ture painter, 1730*-1830*. 

Carwell (Thorold), Thos. : English Jesuit and theo- 
logian, 1600-1664. 

Cary : See also Carew and Carey. 

Cary, Albigence Waldo : Amer. inventor, 1801-1862. 

Cary, Alice : Amer. poetess and authoress, 1820-71. 

Cary, Arch. ; American patriot, 1730*-1786. 

Cary, Bdw. : Eng. U.C. divine, -1711. 

Cary, Eliz., Visctss. Falkland : savante, 1585-1639. 

Cary, P61ix : Pr. medallic historian, 1699-1754. 

Cary, Fes. Steph. : English artist and art teacher, 
1808-1880. 

Cary, Hy., 1st Viscount Falkland : Lord Deputy of 
Ireland, -1633. 

Cary, Hy., Earl of Monmouth : trans., 1696*-1661. 

Cary, Hy. Fes. : English author and translator of 
Dante, 1772-1844. 

Cary, Jno. : English judge, -1395*. 

Cary, Jno. : Bug. merch. and wr. on trade, -1720*. 

Cary, Jno. : coloured servant of Geo. Washington, 
1729*-1843. 



Cary, Jos. Clinton : American mventor, 1828-1884. 

Cary, Lott : co-founder of Liberia, 1780-1828. 

Cary, Lucius, Visct. Falkland : scholar, 1610*-1643. 

Cary, Pat. : English poet, fl. 1651. 

Cary, Phcebe : American poetess, 1824-1871. 

Cary, Bob. : English chronologer, 1616*-1688. 

Cary, Sam. Fenton ; Amer. congressman, 1814- 

Cary, Valentine : Bishop of Exeter, -1626. 

Cary, Wm. : English philosophical instrument 
maker, 1759-1825. 

Caryl, Jos. : English N'onconformist divine and com- 
mentator, 1602-1673. 

Caryll, Jno.: titular Lord Caryll, poet and diplom- 
atist, 1625-1711. 

Caryll, Jno. : friend of Pope, 1666*-1736. 

Caryophilos, Joh. Matth. : Archbishop of Iconium, 
-1639*. 

Caryophilus, Blasius : See Garofalo. 

Carysfort, Earls of : See Proby. 

Casa, Giov. dalla : Archbishop of Beneventum, 
1503-1556. 

Casa-Bianca, Louis de : Fr. nav. capt., 1752-1798. 

Casa-Bianca, ^Raphael, Ct. de : Corsican general, 
1738-1825. 

Casa-Irujo, Carlos Maria M., Marquis de : Spanish 
diplomatist, 1765-1824. 

Casal (Cazal), Man. Ayres de : Portuguese geo- 
grapher, post 1750-arUe 1850. 

Casal Riheiro, Conde de : Port, statesm., 1825-1896. 

Casall, And. : Italian painter in England, 1720*- 
1783*. 

Casali, Giov. Batt. : Ital. antiquary, -post 1650. 

Casali, Giov. Batt. : Italian musician, -1792, 

Casali, Oius. : Italian numismatist and archseologlst, 
1744-1797. 

Casanas, Card. ; Span. card, and bishop, 1834-1908. 

Casanata, Girolamo : Neapolitan cardinal, 1620-1700. 

Casanate, Pedro Porter de : Span. nav. off., fl. 1640. 

Casanova, Franc. Gins. : Italian p linter in England, 
1727-1802. 

Casanova, Giov. Batt. ; Italian artist in Dresden, 
1722-1795. . 

Casanova, Marco Ant. : Ital. Latin poet, 1476-1527. 

Casanova de Seingalt, Giov. Jacopo : Italian ad- 
venturer, 1725-1798. 

Casar, Carl JuUus : German philologist, 1816-1886. 

Casas, Bart, de las : Spanish missionary to South 
America, 1474-1666. 

Casas y Aragorri, Luis de las : Governor- General of 
Cuba, 1746-1800. 

Casati, Gaetano ; Italian soldier, explorer and 
writer on Africa, 1838-1902. 

Casati, Paolo : Ital. Jesuit and mathem., 1617-1707. 

Casa-TiUy, Franc. X. E. de T. G. de P., Marq. de : 
Spanish admiral, 1712-1795. 

Casaubon, Florence Estienne M6ric : Swiss- English 
classical scholar, 1599-1671. 

Casauhon, Isaac : Swiss- English classical scholar, 
critic and commentator, 1559-1614. 

Case, Aug. Ludlow : Amer. rear-adm., -1813. 

Case, Jno. : English physician, philologist and 
writer on music, -1600. 

Case, Jno. : English astrologer, fl. 1680-1700. 

Case, Thos. : Eng. Presbyterian divine, 1698-1682. 

Case, Wm. : American missionary, 1780-1855. 

Caseau, Chas. Felix : Amer. R.C. divine, 1807-1881. 

Casellus (Chessel), Joh. : Germ, philol., 1533-1613. 

Casemtroot, Jonkheer van : Dutch adm., 1815-1895. 

Caseneuve, Pierre de : French antiquary, 1591-1652. 

Casentino, Jacopo di : See Landini. 

Cases, Pierre Jacques : French painter, 1676-1754. 

Casey, Jas. Jos. : Irish-Austral, statesm., 1831-1913j 

Casey, Jno., F.R.S. : Irish mathematician, 1820-91. 

Casey, Levi : American brigadier-general and 
politician, 1749-1807. 

Casey, Silas : Amer. major-general, 1807-1882. 

Casilear, Jno. W. : Amer. lands, painter, 1811-1893. 

CasiUis, Earls of : See Kennedy. 

Casimit I., ' The Peaceful ' : Kg. of Poland, -1058. 

Casimir !!„ ' The Just' : Kg. of Poland, 1138-1194. 

Casimir III., ' The Great' : Kg. of Poland, 1310-1370. 

Casimir IV. : King of Poland (1447-92), 1427-1492. 

Casimir V., Jno., Card. : King of Poland, 1609-1672. 

Casimir, St. : son of Casimir IV. of Poland, 1458-83. 

Casimir Feriec : See also Perier. 

Casimir-Perler, Jean Paul Pierre : President of the 
French Republic, 1847-1907. 



108 



CASIMIR 



DICTIONARY OP UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



CASTLEREAGH 



Casimir Sarbievlus : Polish lyric poet, 1595-1640. 
Casinl, Giov. Maria: Florentine priest, musician 

and musical composer, 1675*- 
Casio de Medici, Qlrolamo : Ital. poet, 1465*-1530*. 
Caslil, Mlcli. : Syrian Orientalist, 1710-1791. 
Caslon, Wm., ' The Elder ' : English type-founder, 

1692-1766. 
Caslon, Wm., ' The Younger ' : English type-founder, 

1720-1778. 
Casoni, Fillppo : Italian cardinal, 1733-1810. 
Caspar!, Karl Paul : German- Norwegian theologian 

and Orientalist, 1814-1892. 
Casparln, Ctss. Agenor de Me Boiasier) : French 

writer, 1813-1894. 
Oaspary, Joh. Xaver Hob. : Germ, hot., 1818-1887. 
Gaspers, Wilh. : German philologist, 1797- 
Cass, Geo. N. : American artist, fl. 1878. 
Cass, Sir Jno. ; English merchant and philanthropist, 

1666-1718. 
Cass, Lewis ; American brigadier-general, diplo- 
matist and statesman, 1782-1866. 
Cassagnac, Bern. Ad. Granier de : Fr. journ., 1806-80. 
Cassagnac, Paul Ad. Marie Prosper Granier de ; 

French politician and journalist, 1843-1904. 
Cassagnes, Jacques : French poet, 1636-1679. 
Cassan, Steph. Hyde : Eng. eccles. biog., 1789-1841. 
Cassana, Giov. Agostino : Ital. anim. pntr., 1658-1720. 
Cassana, Giov. Franc. : Italian painter, 1611-1691. 
Cassana, Nic. : Italian painter, 1659-1714. 
Cassander, General of Alexander : £ing of Macedon, 

B.O. 354*- 296(7). 
Cassander, Frang. : Fr. class, translator, -1695. 
Cassander, Geo. : Flemish theologian, 1513-1566. 
Cassandra, Fidele : Venetian scholar, 1465*-1558. 
Cassatt, Alex. Johnson : American railway president, 

1839-1906. 
Casseanus, Christoph : Germ, philol., fl. 16th cent. 
Cassel, FranQ. Pierre : Flemish botanist, -1821. 
Cassel, Guillaume : French stager, 1794-1836. 
Cassel, Joh. Pliil. : German professor of rhetoric, 

1707-1783. 
Cassel, Paulus Stephanus : German theologian and 

historian, 1821-1892. 
Cassel (Cassals), Uich. : See Castle, Uich. 
CasseU, Jno. : English publisher, 1817-1865. 
Cassella, Gius. : Neapolitan astronomer, 1760*-18D8. 
Cassels, Walter Eich. : English theologian, critic and 

poet, 1826-1907. 
Cassentino, James di : Florentine painter, 1276-1356. 
Gasserio, Giulio, of Placentia : anatomist, 1545-1616. 
Casserly, Eugene ; American senator, 1822-1883. 
Casset, Jean Gustave : French mventor, 1846-1908. 
Cassiani, Giuliano : Italian lyric poet, 1712-1778. 
Cassianus, Joannes Massiliensis, ' Eremita ' : French 

hermit and theologian, 360*-435*. 
Cassidy, Wm. : American journalist, 1815-1873. 
Cassie, Jas. : Scottish painter, 1819-1879. 
CassilUs, Earls of : See Kennedy. 
Cassin, Jno. : American naval officer, 1758*-1822. 
Cassin, Jno. ; American ornithologist, 1813-1869. 
Cassin, Steph. : American naval officer, 1783-1857. 
Cassini, Alex. Hen. Gab., Ot. de : French magistrate 

and naturalist, 1781-1832. 
Cassini, Giov. Dom. : Italian astronomer royal in 

France, 1626-1712. 
Cassini, Jacques, F.E.S. : French astron., 1677-1756. 
Cassini, Jacques Dominique, Ct. de : French 

astronomer, 1748-1845. 
Cassini de Thury, Wsar Franf. : Fr. astron., 1714-84. 
Cassiodorus, Flavins Magnus Aurelius : Roman 

statesman, historian and monk, 490*-585. 
Cassius Agrippa : theologian, fl. 632*. 
Cassius, Avidius : Roman general, -175. 
Cassius, Gaius ; Roman general, politician and 

poet, -B.O. 31*. 
Cassius Longinus, Gaius : Roman consul, fl. b.o. 73. 
Cassius Longinus, Gaius : Roman jurist and consul, 

fl. 30-65. 
Cassius Longinus, Gaius : Roman murderer of 

Caesar and soldier, -B.o. 42, 
Cassius Longinus, Qumtus ; Roman tribune and 

governor, fl. B.C. 54-48. 
Cassius, Spurius (Vecellinus) : Roman soldier and 

statesman, fl. B.C. 502-486. 
Cassivelaunus : British prince, fl. B.C. 54. 
Castagno, And. del : Tuscan patater, 1390-1457. 
Castalng, Edme Sam. : French physician, 1796-1823. 



Castaldi, Corn. . Italian poet, 1480*-1537. 

Castalio, Jos. (Gius. Oastiglione) : Governor of 

Corneto, -1616. 
CastaUo (Chateillon), S«b., ' Martin Bellius ' : Gcne- 

vese theologian, 1515-1563. 
Castanheda, Fern. Lopez de : Port, hist., 1501 '-59. 
Castafios, Franc. Xaver de, Duke of Baylen : Spanish 

general, 1756-1852. 
Casteels, Pet. : painter of Antwerp in Eng., 1684-1749. 
Castel, Louis Bertrand : Jesuit of Montpellier and 

mathematician, 1688-1757. 
Castel, RenS Rich, Louis : French poet and botanist, 

1758-1832. 
Castelar y Ripoll, Emilio : Span, statesm., 1832-1899. 
Castell, Edm. : English Semitic scholar, 1606-1685. 
Castell, Wm. : English divine, -1645. 
Castella, Rodolphe de : French general, -1775. 
Castellan, Ant, Louis : French painter, architect and 

antiquary, 1772-1838, 
Castellane, Esprit V. B. B., Ct. de : Marshal of 

France, 1788-1862. 
Castellanus (Duchatel), Pet. : Flem. phllol.,1585-1632. 
Castellesi, Adriano : See Corneto. 
Oastelli, Benedetto : Ital. mathem., 1577-1644. 
Castelli, Ignaz Franz ; Austrian dramatist and 

writer on music, 1781-1862. 
Castelli, Valerio : Italian painter, 1625-1659. 
Castello, Adrian de ; See Adrian de Castello. 
Castello, Bern. : Ital. pntr. and engrav,, 1557-1629. 
Castello, Gab. Lancelot : Sicilian antiq., 1727-1794, 
Castello, Giov. Battista, ' II Bergamasco ' : Italian 

painter, 1500*-1670*. 
Castello, Valerio : Italian painter, 1625-1659. 
Castello Branco, Camillo: Port, novelist, 1825-1890. 
Castelnau, Henriette Julie de, Ctss. de Murat : 

French writer, 1670-1716. 
Castelnau, Jacques de C. M., Marq. de : marshal of 

France, 1620*-1658. 
Castelnau, Mich, de : French statesman, soldier and 

diplomatist, 1520*-1592. 
Castelnau, Raimond de : Fr. troubadour, -1274*. 
Castelvetro, Lodovico : Ital. philol., 1505-1571. 
Casti, Giov. Batt. : Italian poet, 1721-1803. 
Castiglione, Ctss. : Italian-French beauty, leader of 

society and recluse, 1835-1899. 
Castiglione, Baldassare : Italian statesman, poet, 

diplomatist and man of letters, 1478-1529, 
Castiglione, Carlo Ottavio.Ct.: Ital, philol, ,1784-1849. 
Castiglione, Giov. Benedetto, * II Benedetto * and ' II 

Grechetto': Genoese engrav, and rel, pntr., 1616-70. 
Castiglione, Gius. : See Castalio. 
Castilho, Ant, Feliciano de : Portuguese man of 

letters, 1800,-1875. 
■Castilla, Ramon, Gen. : President of Peru, 1797-1867. 
Castillejo, Christoval de ; Span, poet, 1490-1556. 
Castillo : See also Castello. 
Castillo, Antonio C&novas del : Spanish premier and 

historian, 1828-1897. 
Castillo, Bern. Diaz del : Spanish soldier and his- 
torian, fl. 1519-1562. 
Castillo, Federigo de : Spanish writer on Dominican 

Order, 1529*-1593. 
Castillo, Jno, ; Irish dialect poet, 1792-1845, 
Castillo, Juan de : ascetic in Chili, 1615-1675. 
Castillo y Artiga : Archbp. of Santa F6, fl. 17th cent. 
Castillo y Saavedra, Ant, de! : Span, pntr., 1603-1667. 
Castillo y Sanzas, Joaquin M. r Mex. diplom,, 1801-78. 
Castillo-Solorzano, Alonso del : Spanish poet, 

dramatist and novelist, 1584*-1647*. 
Castillon, Alexis de Vicomte de St. Victor : French 

musician and musical composer, 1838-1873. 
Castin, Vine,, Baron de : French soldier in Canada, 

1660-1722*. 
Castine.Thos.: Manxman in French army, -1793*. 
Castle, Edm. : Master of Corpus Christ! College, 

Cambridge, 1698-1750. 
Castle, Geo. : Eng. physn. and wr., 1635*-1673, 
Castle (Cassel, Cassels), Rich, : German architect, 

-1751. 
Castle, Thos, : English botanical and medical writer 

1804*-1840*. 
Castlehaven, Earl of : See Tuchet, Mervyn. 
Castlemain, Barbara, Countess of : See Villiers, B., 

Duchess of Cleveland. 
Castlemalne, Earl of : See Palmer, Roger. 
Castlereagh, Viscount : See Stewart, Rob., Marquis 
of Londonderry. 



109 



CASTLETON 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



CAULFEILD 



Castleton, Earl of : See Saunderson, Jas. 

Castner, Hamilton Y. : Amer. chem., 1834-1899. 

Castor, St. : French Bishop o£ Apt, -419. 

Castor Philoromaus : gram, and rhetor., fl. 12.5-145. 

Castorena y Urstia, Juan Ign. : Mexican BLshop ot 
Yucatan, 1668-1733. 

Castracani : See Castraccio. 

Oastren, Matthias Alex. : Finnish philologist and 
ethnologist, 1813-1853. 

Castrensis, Paulua : Italian jurist, -1441. 

Castries, A. N. Augustine, Due de : French soldier, 
1756-1842. 

Castries, C. B. G. de la Croix, Marquis of : Marshal 
of France, 1727-1801. 

Castriot, Georgi : See Scanderberg. 

Castro, Alphonso de : Span. Franciscan, 1495*-1558. 

Castro, Alvarez Gomez de : Spanish poet and 
Hellenist, 1614-1586. 

Castro, Augustin : Mex. Jesuit and author, 1728-90. 

Castro, And. : Spanish grammarian, -1577. 

Castro, Filippode : Spanish sculptor, 1711-1775. 

Castro, Gab. Pereira de ; Spanish poet, 1571-1632. 

Castro, Henri : Fr. pioneer in America, 1786-1861. 

Castro, Inez de: Spanish mistress of Pedro I. of 
Portugal, -1355. 

Castro, Jean de : Fr. music, and comp., fl. 1569-1599. 

Castro, Joao de : Portuguese viceroy, 1500-1548. 

Castro, Jos6 Luciano de : Port, premier, 1834-1914. 

Castro, Jose Eod. de : Span. Orientalist, 1739-1799. 

Castro, Paolo de : Italian jurist, -1447. 

Castro, Pietro di : Italian painter, -1663. 

Castro, Ram6n de : Spanish soldier, fl. 1797. 

Castro, Vaca de : Span, judge and soldier, -1658. 

Castro y Bellvis, GuillSn de : Span, dram., 1569-1631. 

Castmcci, Pietro : Italian violinist, 1689-1769. 

Castraccio Castracani degU AntelminelU, Duke of 
liUcca : Italian soldier and poet, 1281-1328. 

Caswall, Edw. : English divine and poet, 1814-1878. 

CaswaU, Hy. : Amer. divine and author, 1810-1870. 

Caswell, Alexis : American educationist, 1799-1877. 

Caswell, Rich. : American major-general, 1729-1789. 

Cat, Christopher : English tavern-lceeper, Kit Cat 
Club, fl. 1703-1733. 

Cat, Claude Mc. le : Fr. surg. and anat., 1700-1768. 

Catalani, Alfredo : Ital. musical comp., 1854-1893. 

Catalani, Angelica : Italian singer, 1780-1849. 

Cataldi, Pietro Ant. : Ital. mathem., 1548*-1626. 

Cataneo, Tommaao : Italian philosopher, 1660-1725 . 

Catar^, Alex. : Roumanian diplomatist and ad- 
ministrator, -1914. 

Catargi, Lascar : Roumanian statesman, 1823-1899. 

Catcher (Burton), Edw. : EngUsh Jesuit and trans- 
lator, 1684*-1624*. 

Catchpole, Marg. : English adventuress, 1773-1841. 

Catcott, Alex. : Bug. divine and geologist, 1725-1779. 

Catcott, Alex. Stopford : English divine and poet, 
1692-1749. 

Catcl, Chas. Simon : Fr. musical comp., 1773-1830. 

Catel, Guil., of Toulouse : Fr. historian, 1660-1626. 

Catel, Sam. Hein. : German grammarian and lexico- 
grapher, 1758-1835. 

Catelani, Angelo : Italian musician and writer on 
music, 1811-1866. 

Catellan, Maria 0. P. M. de : Fr. poetess, 1662-1745. 

Catena : See Biagio. 

Cates, Arth. : English architect, 1829-1901. 

Gates, Wm. Leist Eeadwin : English compiler and 
editor, 1821-1895. 

Catesby, Sir Jno. : English judge, -1486. 

Catesby, Mark : English naturalist, 1679*-1749. 

Catesby, Eob. : English conspirator, 1673-1605. 

Catesby, Wm. : Counc. of Richard III., -1485. 

Catharine : See also Catherine. 

Catharine, St., of Alexandria, -307*. 

Catharine, St., of Bologna : nun of Order St. Clare, 
1413-1463. 

Catharine, St., of Genoa, 1448-1510. 

Catharine, St., ot Sienna : nun of Dominican Order, 
1347-1380. 

Gatheart, Chas., 9th Baron Cathcart: soldier and 
ambassador, 1721-1776. 

Cathcart, Chas. Murray, 2nd Earl Cathcart : general, 
1783-1869. 

Cathcart, Chas. Wm. : American senator, 1809-1888. 

Cathcart, Dav., Lord Alloway : Lord of Session, 
-1829. 

Cathcart, Sir Geo. : British general, 1794-1854. 



Cathcart, Wm. Schaw, Ist Earl ot Cathcart : general 

and diplomatist, 1755-1843. 
Cathellneau, Jacques : French Vend^an chieftain, 

1759-1793. 
Catherine : See also Catharine. 
Catherine, of Arragon : Qn. of Henry vni., 1485-1536. 
Catherine, of Braganza : Queen ot Charles II. of 

England, 1638-1708. 
Catherine, of France : Queen of Henry V. of England, 

1401-1437. 
Catherine de Kedici : Queen of Henry U. of France, 

1519-1589. 
Catherine Howard : Qn. ot Henry vm., -1542. 
Catherine Parr : Queen ot Henry VIII., 1612-1648. 
Catherine, of Valois : Queen of Henry V. ot England, 

1401-1437. 
Catherine I. : Empress ot Russia, wife of Peter the 

Great, 1683-1727. 
Catherine II. : Empress of Russia, 1729-1796. 
Cathrall, Isaac : Amer. physn. and wr., 1764-1819. 
Cathroe (Eadroe), St. : See Cadroe. 
Catillna, Lucius Sergius : Rom. consp., B.C. 109*-62. 
Catlnat, Nic. de : French general, 1637-1712. 
Catley, Ajm : English vocalist, 1746-1789. 
Catlln, Geo. : American painter and writer on North 

■American Indians, 1796-1872. 
Catlin, Sir Rob. : English judge, -1574. 
Catnach, Jas. : English publisher, 1792-1841. 
Cato, DIonysius : Latin moralist, ' Disticha de 

Moribus ad Fillum,' 1st and 2nd centuries. 
Cato,M. Fortius Censoiius : Rom. legate, B.C. 234-149. 
Cato, M. Fortius Licinianus ; Rom. jurist, -B.o.152. 
Cato, Marcus Fortius Uticensis : Roman prsetor and 

philosopher, B.C. 95-46. 
Cato, Fublius Valerius : Roman Latin poet and 

grammarian, B.C. 100*- 
Caton, Jno. Dean : American jurist, 1812-1895. 
Caton, Rich. : American merchant, 1763-1845. 
Caton, Wm. : English Quaker, 1636-1665. 
Catron, Jno. : American jurist, 1778-1865. 
Catrou (Catroeus), Franc. : French Jesuit and 

historian, 1669-1737. 
Cats, Jac. : See Catz. 

Cattaneo, Carlo : Ital. philos. and patriot, 1801-1869, 
Cattaneo, Danese : Venetian architect, 1509-1573. 
Cattaneo (Catanseus), Giov. Maria : Italian savant, 

-1629. 
Cattani, Franc.(Daccetuis): Ital.litt&ateur, 1466-1522. 
Cattenburg, Adrian van : Dutch Remonstrant divine, 

1664-1737. 
Cattermole, Geo. : Eng. wat.-col. painter, 1800-1868. 
Cattermole, Rich. : Eng. mlscell. writer, 1795*-1858. 
Cattho, Angelo : Italian astrologer, -1494. 
CattI, Twm. Sion : See Jones, Thos. 
Cattier, Isaac : French medical writer, fl. 1657. 
Cattier, Phil. : French Hellenist, fl. 17th century. 
Catton, Chas., R.A.. the Elder : Eng. pntr., 1728-98. 
Catton, Chas., the Younger : Eng. pntr., 1766-1819. 
Catton, G^os. : English astronomer, 1760-1838. 
Catton (Chattodunus), Walter : Franciscan friar of 

Norwich, -1343. 

Cattullus : See Catullus and Catulus. 
Cattwg Ddoeth : See Ca doc. 

Catullus, Gaius Valerius: Rom. lyric poet, b.c.84*-64. 
Catulus, Gaius Lutatius : Roman military com- 
mander, fl. B.C. 242-241. 
Catulus, Quintus Lutatius : Roman statesman and 

general, -B.C. 87. 
Catulus, Quintus Lutatius, ' Parens Patriae ' : 

Roman consul, B.C. 120*-61. 
Catz (Cats), Jac. : Dutch statesman, humorist and 

poet, 1577-1660. 
Cauchois-Lemaire, Louis Franp. Aug.: French 

journalist, 1789-1861. 
Cauchon, J. Edw. : Canadian author, 1816-1885. 
Cauchon, Pierre : Bishop of Beauvais, -1442. 
Cauchy, Augustin Louis, Baron: French mathe- 
matician and poet, 1789-1857. 
Caudenes, Fermin : Spanish general, -1915. 
Cauer, Karl Ludw. : German sculptor, 1828-1885. 
Cauer, Eob. : German sculptor, 1831-1893. 
Caulalncourt, Armand Augustin Louis de : French 

general and diplomatist, 1773-1827. 
Caulalncourt, Aug. Jean Gab. de : French general, 

1777-1872. 
Caullelld, Jas., Earl of Charlemont : Irish statesman, 

1728-1799. 



110 



CAULFEILD 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



CEAWLIN 



Caulfeild, Sir Toby (Tobias) : 1st Baron Cliarlemont, 
1565-1627. 

Caulfeild, Tobv (Tobias): 3rd Baron Charlemont, 
-1642. 

Caulfeild, Wm. : 5th BaroD and 1st Viscount Charle- 
mont, -1671. 

GauUeild, Wm. ; 2nd Visct. Charlemont, -1726. 

Caul&eld, Jas. : English author and printseller, 
1764-1826. 

Canlfleld, Rich. : Irish antiquary, 1823-18S7. 

Caaliac (Chauliac), Gui de : French restorer of 
surgery, fl. 1348. 

Canllns : See Choul. 

Canlkins, Frances M. : Amer. authoress, 1796-1869. 

Caunt, Ben. : English pugilist, 1815-1861. 

Gaunter, Jno. Hobart : Eng. mlscell. wr., 1794-1851 . 

Caupolle&n : Chilian cacique, -1558. 

Caurroy, Franp. Eustache du : French musical com- 
poser, 1549-1609. 

Caus (Caux), Sol. : French physicist, 1576-1635. 

Causeo de la Chasse : SeeChausse. 

Caussididre, Uarc : French politician, 1808-1861. 

Caussin, Nic. : French Jesuit, 1583-1651 . 

Ganssin de Perceval, Armand Pierre : French 
Orientalist, 1795-1871. 

Gauston, Mich, de : See Cawston. 

Causton, Thos. : Eng. musical composer, -1569. 

Cautley, Sir Proby Thos. : Anglo-Indian engineer, 
projector and constructor of the Ganges Canal 
and palaeontologist, 1802-1871. 

Gauvin : See Calviaius. 

Gaux, Jno. de : See Caleto, Jno. de. 

Cavaceio, Giov. : Ital. music, and comp., 1556*-1626. 

Cavagnarl, Sir Pierre Louis Nap. : French- British 
soldier, diplomatist and administrator, 1841-1879. 

Gavaignac, Godefroy : French statesman, 1853-1905. 

Cavaignac, Jean Bapt. : French politician, 1762-1829. 

Cavaignac, Louis Eugfene : French general, 1802-57 . 

CavaH16-CoI, Aristide : Fr. organ builder, 1811-1886. 

Gavalcanti, Bart. : Italian scholar, 1503-1562. 

Gavalcanti, Guido : Florentine philosopher and poet, 
1250*-1300. 

Cavalcaselle, Giov. Baltesta : Italian- English writer 
on art, 1820-1897. 

Cavalier (CavalUer), Jean : Camisard leader, 1681- 
1740. 

Cavalieri, Buonaventura : Ital. mathem., 1593-1647. 

Cavalieri, Emilio del : Italian musician and com- 
poser, 1550*-1602*. 

Cavalieri, Katharina : Austrian singer, 1761-1801. 

Cavallari, Card. : Patriarch of Venice, 1849-1914. 

Gavalleiro, Stefan : Port, philologist, 16th century. 

CavalU (Caletti-Bruni), Pietro Franc. : Italian 
musical composer, 1600*-1676. 

Gavallini, Ernesto : Italian musician, 1807-1873. 

Cavallini, Pietro : Ital. historical pntr., 1279*-1364. 

Cavallino, Bernardo : Neap, painter. 1622-1654. 

Cavallo, Tiberio, F.B.S. : Neapolitan- English 
natural philosopher. 1749-1809. 

Cavallottl, Felice : Ital. pol., poet and dram. ,1842-98. 

Cavan, Earl of : See Lambart, Chas, 

Gavanilles, Ant. Jos. : Spanish botanist, 1745-1804. 

Cavazzola : See Morando. 

Cave, AJf. : Eng. Nonconformist divine, 1847-1900. 

Cave, Sir Ambrose : Chancellor of Duchy of Lan- 
caster, -1568. 

Cave, Edw. : English printer and founder of the 
* Gentleman's Magazine,' 1691-1754. 

Cave, Jno. : English Ejected divine, -1657. 

Cave, Jno. Haliiday : British admiral, 1827-1913. 

Cave, Sir Lewis Wm. : English judge, 1832-1897 . 

Cave, Sir Steph. : English politician, 1820-1880. 

Cave, Wm. : EnglKh Anglican divine, 1637-1713. 

Cavedone, Jacopo (Giac.) : Ital. hist, pntr., 1577-1660. 

Cavedoni, Don Celestino : libr. in Modena, 1795-1865. 

Cavelier : French sculptor, 1814-1894. 

Cavellas, Hugo : See MacCaghwell. Hugh. 

Cavendish, Ada : English actress, 1839-1895. 

Cavendish, Chas. : Eng. Royalist general. 1620-1643. 

Cavendish, Sir Chas. : English mathem., 1591-1654. 

Cavendish, Lord Chas. : Eng. mathem., -1783. 

Cavendish, Christiana : Countess of Devonshire, 
-1675. 

Cavendish, Eliz. : Duchess of Devonshire, 1758-1824. 

Cavendish, Eliz. Hardwicke, Lady : * Building 
Bess,' 1520*-1607. 

Cavendish, Lord Fred. : Brit, field-marshy 1729-1803. 



Cavendish, Lord Fred. Chas, : Eng. statesm., 1836-82. 

Cavendish, Geo. : En». biog. of Wolsey. 1500-1561*. 

Cavendish, Georgiana : Duchess of Devonshire, 
1757-1806. 

Cavendish, Sir Hy. : Ena. pari, reporter. 1732-1804. 

Cavendish, Hy. : Enalish chemist, ph^'Sicist and 
natural philosopher, 1731-1810. 

Cavendish, Sir Jno. : English judge. -1381, 

Cavendish, Ld. Jno. : Chanc. of the Excheq.. 1732-96. 

Cavendish Marg. {n6e Lucas) : Duchess of New- 
castle, 1624*-1674. 

Cavendish, Rich. : Eng. pol. and author, -1601*. 

Cavendish, Spencer Compton, 8th Duke of Devon- 
shire : statesman, 1833-1908. 

Cavendish (Candish), Thos. : English circumnavi- 
gator. 1560*-1592. 

Cavendish, Sir Wm. : English statesman, 1505*-1557. 

Cavendish, Wm. : 1st Earl of Devonshire, -1626. 

Cavendish, Wm. :2nd Earl of Devonshire, 1591 •-1628. 

Cavendish, Wm., Duke of Newcastle: JR^yali.-^t, 
1592-1676. 

Cavendish, Wm. : 3rd Earl of Devonshire, 1617-1684. 

Cavendish, Wm., Ist Dnke of Devonshire: patriot, 
1640-1707. 

Cavendish, Wm. : 4th Duke of Devonshire, 1720-1764. 

Cavendish, Wm. : 7th Duke of Devonshire, 1808-1891 . 

Cavendish, Wm. Geo. Spencer : 6th Doke of Devon- 
shire, 1790-1858. 

Cavendish-Bentinck : See Bentinck. 

Caventon, Eugene : French chemist, 1838-1912. 

Caventou, Jean Baptiste : French, chem., 1795- 

Caverhill, Jno. : Scottish physician, -1781. 

CaviocchI: Italian cardinal, 1836-1911. 

Cavos, Catterino : Italian-Kussian musical com- 
poser, 1776-1840. 

Gavour, CamiUo Benso, Ct. di : Italian statesman, 
1810-1861. 

Caw, Jno. Young : Scottish banker and miscellaneous 
writer, 1810 *-1858. 

Cawdell, Jas. : English dramatist and theatrical 
manager, -1800. 

Cawdor, Earl : See Campbell. 

Gawdrey, Dan. : English Nonconf. divine, 1588-1664. 

Cawdrey, Zachary : English author of ' Discourse of 
Patronage,' 1616-1684. 

Gawein, Madison Jul. : American poet, 1865-1914:. 

Cawley, Wm. : English regicide, 1602-1667. 

Cawood, Jno. : English printer, 1514-1572. 

Cawston (Caoston), Mich. : Master of Michaelhouse, 
Cambridge, -1395. 

Cawthorn, Jas. : English poet, 1719-1761. 

Gawton, Thos. : divine and Orientalist at Rotterdam, 
1605-1659. 

Cawton, Thos. : divine and Orientalist at West- 
minster, 1637*-1677. 

Cases, Engenio : Spanish painter, 1577-1642. 

Caxias, Luis Alves de Lima, Duke de, 1800*- 

Caxton, Wm. : English printer, 1422*-1491. 

Cay, Jno. : English classical antiquary, 1700-1757. 

Cayley, Arth. : English biographer, -1848. 

Gayley, Arth., F.R.S. : English mathem., 1821-1895. 

Cayley, Chas. Bagot : EngUsh translator, 1823-1883. 

Cayley, Com. : English religious writer, 1729-1780*. 

Cayley, Edw. Stiilingfleet : English pel., 1802-1862. 

Cayley, Sir Geo. : English scientist, 1773-1857. 

Caylos, Anne Claude Phil, de Tubi^res de Grimoard 
de P. de L., Count of : French archceologist and 
man of letters, 1692-1765. 

CazaUs, Jacques Ant. Marie de : French orator and 
politician, 1758-1805. 

Cazalis, Hen. ('Jean Caselli' and 'Jean Labor'): 
French poet and man of letters, 1840-1909. 

Cazenove, Phil. ; English philanthropist, 1799-1880. 

Gazes, Pierre Jacques : French pain^r, 1676-1754. 

Cazin, Jean Clias. : Fr. lands, painter, 1840-1901. 

Gazot, Jules : French statesman, 1821-1912. 

Gazotte, Jacques : French humorous poet and mis- 
cellaneous writer, 171^1792. 

Cazzati, Manrizio : Italian organist and composer 
1620*-1677. 

Ceadda, St., known as Chad, Bishop, -672. 

Ceadwalla : See Csedwalla. 

Ceallachan : Eing of Cashel. -954. 

C6an-Bermudez, Juan Augustin : Spanish writer on 
art, 1749-1829. 

Cearbhall: Lord of Ossory, -888. 

Ceawlin: Kingof the West Saxons, -593. 



Ill 



CEBA 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



CESARINI 



Ceba, Ansaldo : Genoese poet, 1665-1623. 
Cebes (Sebes) : Theban moral philosopher, fl. B.0, 400. 
CeochI, Giammaria : Florentine poet, fl. 1510-1550. 
Ceochinl, Pet. Marie : Italian harlequin, improvisa- 

tore and writer, fl. 1612. 
Ceoco d'Ascoll, ' Franc, de Gli Stabili ' : Italian 

physician, astrol., mechanician and poet,1257-1327. 
Cecil, Arth. (Arth. Cecil Blunt) : English actor, 

1843-1896. 
Cecil, Sir Edw., Viscount Wimbledon; naval and 

military commander, 1572-1638. 
Cecil, Jas. : 8rd Earl of Salisbury, -1688. 
Cecil, Jas. : 4th Earl of Salisbury, -1693. 

Cecil, Jno. (Ino. Snowden) : English priest and 

political adventurer, 1668-1626. 
Cecil, Rich. : English divme, 1748-1810. 
Cecil, Rob., Earl of Salisbury : lord treasurer of 

James I., 1563*-1612. 
Cecil, Hob. Arth. Talbot Gascoyne, 3rd Marquis of 

Salisbury; British premier, scientist and writer, 

1830-1903. 
Cecil, Thos ; 1st Earl of Exeter, 2nd Lord Burghley, 

1642-1623. 
Cecil, Thos. : English engraver, fl. 1630. 
Cecil, Wm., Lord Burghley: lord treasurer of 

Elizabeth, 1520-1598. 
Cecilia, St. : Roman martyr and patroness of music 

and of the blind, -177. 
Cecilia (CeoUy) : Srd da. of Edward IV., 1469-1607. 
Cecrops ; 1st King of Attica, fl. B.o. 1556. 
Cedd (Cedda), St. ; Bp. of the East Saxons, -«64. 
Cedmon, Saint : See Cmdmon. 
Cedrenus, Geo. : Greek monk and historical writer, 

fl. 1050«. 
Cei, Franc. ; Italian poet, -^ost 1523. 
Ceillier (Cellier), Remi ; French Benedictine and 

historian, 1688-1761. 
Celakowsky, Frantiaek Ladislau3 : Bohemian poet 

and philologist, 1799-1852. 
Celano, Thos. von ; German Franciscan and bio- 
grapher, fl. 1221-1250. 
Celeclerech, Cilian, St. : See Cilian. 
Celesia, Dorothea : English poetess and dramatist, 

1738-1790. 
Celeste (Celeste-Elliot), Mme ; French actress and 

dancer, 1815-1882. 
Celesti, And. : Venetian painter, 1637-1706. 
Celestlne I., St. : Pope, -432. 
Oelestine II., ' Guido di Castello ' ; Pope, -1144. 
Celestine HI., ' Hyacintho Orsinl' : Pope, 1107-1198. 
Celestlne IV., ' Gioffredo Castiglione' : Pope, -1241. 
Celestine V., St., ' Pietro de Moroni ' ; Pope, 1215-96. 
Celestlne, Eligio : Italian vioUnJst, 1739*-1812. 
Celestins : See Ccelestius. 
Celio Magno : Italian lyric poet, -1612. 
Cellach, Saint ; See also Celsus. 
Cellach ; bishop and saint, of Eillala, County Mayo, 

fl. 6th century. 
Cellarius, And. ; German mathematician, geographer 

and cosmographer, fl. 1656-1659. 
Cellarius, Christoph ; German critic and geographer, 

1638-1707. 
Cellarius, Dan. ; German geographer, fl. 1678. 
Cellarius (Keller), Jak. ; Germ, philol., 1642-1605. 
Cellarius, Salomon ; German physician and medical 

writer, 1676-1700. 
Celles, Ant. Phil. F. G. V., Comit of: Belgian 

statesman, 1779-1841. 
Cellier, Alf . ; Bng. musical composer, 1844-1891. 
Cellier, Bliz. (nje' Dormer) ; English midwife and 

plotter, ' The Popish Midwife,' fl. 1680. 
Cellier, Frang. Ars6ne ; Eng. mu». cond., 1849-1914. 
Cellier, Rem! : See Ceillier. 
Celling, Wm., ' William Tilly of Sellmg ' ; nrior, 

-1494. 
Cellini, Benveuuto ; Florentine goldsmith, sculptor 

and engraver, 1500-1571. 
Celman, Juarez : President of Argentina, -1909. 
Celeron de Bienville : French explorer, 1715*- 
Celsius, Anders : Swedish astronomer, 1701-1744. 
Celsius, Olaus : Swed. hot. and Orient., 1670-1766. 
Celsus ; Epicurean philosopher and antichristian 

writer, fl. 180. 
Celsus, AureliuB Com. (Aulus) ; med. writer, fl. 20. 
Celsus Jnventius ; Roman jurist, fl. 75. 
Celsus, P. Jnventius : Roman jurist, 67-135'. 
Celsus (Cellach), St. ; Archbp. of Armagh, 1079-1129. 



Celtes (Celtis, PIckel), Con. : German poet and 

philologist, 1459-1608. 
Cenci, Beatrice, ' La Belle Parricide ' ; Roman 

victim, 1577-1599. 
Cenni ; See Cimabue. 
Cennick, Jno. ; English divine, 1718-1756. 
Censorinus ; Roman grammarian and miscellaneous 

writer, fl. 238. 
Centeno, Diego ; Spanish soldier, 1505-1549. 
Centlivre, Susannah : English actress and dramatic 

writer, 1667*-1723. 
CentoJanti, Silv. ; Tuscan prof, of writing, 1796- 
Centorio degli Ortensi, Ascanio : Italian military 

writer, fl. 1569. 
Centwine (Kenten) ; Kg. of the W. Saxons, -685. 
Cenwalh (Kenwealh, Couiwalch) : King of West 

Saxons, -672. 
Cenwulf (Kenwulf) ; Bp. of Winchester, -1006. 
Ceolfrid (CeoUrith), St. ; Abbot of Wearmouth and 

Yarrow, 642-716. 
Ceolnoth; Archbishop of Canterbury, -870. 
Ceclrel : Khig of the Mercians, -716. 
Ceolrie (Ceol) : King of the West Saxons, -597. 
Ceolwulf : King of the Northumbrians, -764. 
Cepeda, Fern, de ; Spanish author, fl. 1637. 
Cephalus (Kephalos) : Theban orator, fl. B.C. 411-379. 
Cephisodotus : sculptor, fl. B.C. 372. 
Cephlsodotus ; Athenian orator, fl. B.o. 371-347. 
Cephisodotus, ' The Younger ' ; sculptor, fl. B.C. 300. 
Cepion (Coridan Cippico) : Dalmat. hist., 1425-1493. 
Ceporinus (Wiesendanger), Jac. ; Swiss philologist, 

1499-1625. 
Ceracchi, Glus. ; Roman sculptor, 1760*-1802. 
Cerano, II ; See Crespi. 

Ceratinus (Tenyg), Jak. : Dutch lexicog., -1630. 

Cerceau, Jean Ant, du ; French poet, 1670-1730. 
Cerda, Alfonso de la : Roman Catholic Bishop of 

Honduras, -1592. 

Cerda, Bernarda Feneira de la ; Portuguese poetess, 

1595-1644. 
Cerda, Jean Louis de la ; See Medina-Celi. 
Cerda, Juan Luigi de la ; Spanish Jesuit and classical 

commentator, 1560*-1643. 
Cerdic : King of West Saxons, -534. 
Cerdouis, Matthaus ; German-Ital. printer, fl. 1482-87. 
C§r6, Jean Nic. : French botanist, 1737-1810. 
Cerealis (Cerlalis), Petillius : Rom. gen., fl. 61-71. 
Cereta, Laura, of Padua : female scholar, 1469-1498. 
Cerlni, Gioy. Dom., ' H Cavaliere Perngino ' ; Italian 

palttter, 1606-1681. 
Cerlni, Gins. : Ital. poet and dramatist, 1738-1779. 
Cerinthus : Heresiarch, fl. aiUe 100. 
Cerisantes, Mark Duncan de : French adventurer, 

politician and Latin writer, 1600*-1648. 
CermenatL Giov. di : Ital. historian, -po«i 1336. 
Cernach, St. : See Carantacus. 
Cernuschi, Hen. : Italian patriot and French banker 

and economist, 1821-1896. 
Cerone, Dom Pietro ; Italian-Spanish priest and 

writer on music, 1566*- 
Cerquozzi, Mich. Angelo ; Italian battle painter, 

1600(2)-1660. 
Cerraehi, Gins. ; Italian sculptor, 1760*-1801. 
Cerrato, Paolo ; Italian Latin poet, . -1538*. 
Cerri, Cajetan ; Ital.-Germ. poet and wr., 1826-1899. 
Cerrnti, Alb. : Italian general and senator, 1839-1912. 
CersoUeptes (Kersobleptes) : King of Thrace, fl. 

B.C. 358-343. 
Certon, Pierre : Fr. music, and composer, 1572- 
Cernlarlus : See Michael I., Patriarch of Constanti- 
nople. 
Ceruti, Pederico : Italian scholar, 1641-1579. 
Cerutti, Gius. Ant. Giachimo ; Italian-French author, 

Jesuit and politician, 1738-1792. 
Cerutti, Valentino : Italian senator and mathe- 
matician, 1860-1909. 
Cervantes Saavedra, Mig. de : Spanish novelist, 

dramatist and poet, ' Don Quixote,' 1547-1616. 
Cervera y Topete, Pascual ; Spanish admiral and 

statesman, 1839-1909. 
Cervetto, Giacobbe (Bassevl) : Italian musician in 

England, 1682-1783. 
Cervetto, Jas. : English musician, 1749*-1837. 
Cesalplnl, And. ; Ital. physn. and phllos., 1519-1603. 
Cesarl, Gius., ■ Arpino' and ' Giuseppino ' ; Italian 

painter, 156a*-1640. 
Cesarlnl, Giuliano : Italian cardinal, 1399-1444. 



112 



CESARINI 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



CHAMBERLAIN 



Cesarinl, VIrginio : Italian poet, 1595-1624. 
Cesaris, Angelo : Italian astronomer, 1750*-1832. 
Cesaris, Johannes : German musical composer, early 

15th century. 
Cessrotti, Melch. : Italian poet, 1730-1808. 
Cesbron, Achille ; French painter, 1851-1913. 
Cesi, Federico, Pee. de : Rom. naturalist, 1585-1630. 
Cesnola, Luigi Falma di ; Italian- American soldier 

and archaeologist, 1832-1904. 
Gdspedes, Carlos Man. de : Cuban revol., 1819-1874. 
Cespedes, Pablo de : Spanish poet, architect, painter, 

sculptor and engraver, 1538-1608. 
Cespedes y Meneses, Gonzalo de : Spanish novelist, 

1685»-1838. 
Cessart, Louis Alex, de : Fr. engmeer, 1719-1806. 
Cessia, Valentine de : French editor and niece of 

Lamartine, 1820-1894. 
Gessoles, Jacques de : Fr. theol. andmoralist, fl. 1290, 
Cesti, Marco Ant. : Ital. mus. comp., 1620*-1669'. 
Cestius, Lucius : Itoman rhetorician, fl. B.C. 13-a.d. 9. 
Cestreton, Adam de : Eng. Just, itinerant, -1269. 
Cetewayo : Zulu king, -1884. 
Getina, Gutierre de : Span, poet and sold., 1518*-72*. 
Ceva, Thos. : Ital. poet and mathem., 1648-1736. 
Cezelli, Constance de : Spanish heroine, fl. 1590*. 
Chabanel, TTatalis : Fr. miss, in Canada, 1613- 
Gbabannes, Ant. de : Comte de Dammartin, 1411-88. 
Chabannes, Jacques de : French captain, 14b0*-1454. 
Chabannes, Jean de : Comte de Dammartin, 1442*- 

1502*. 
Ghabannes, Jean, ' The Little Lion ' : French soldier, 

-1624. 
Chabanon, Mich. Paul Gui de : French litterateur, 

1730-1792. 
Chabert, Jos. Bern., Marquis of ; French navigator, 

astronomer and geocrapher, 1723-1805. 
Chabham (Chobhara), Thos. de : Bng. theol., fl. 1230. 
Chabot, Chas. : Eng. expert in handwriting, 1815-82. 
Chabot, Fran^. : French revolutionist, 1757-1794. 
Chabot (de L'Allier), Geo. Ant. : French jurist and 

statesman, 1758-1819. 
Chabot, Phil, de : admiral of France, 1492*-1543. 
Chabrat, Guy Ign. : French Roman CathoUc bishop 

in America, 1787-1868. 
Chabrlas : Corinthian general, -b.o. 358(7). 
Chabrier, Alexis Emm. : Fr. mus. comp., 1841-1894. 
Chabrit, Pierre : French advocate, -1785. 
Chabry, Marc : Fr. pntr. and sculp., 1660-1727. 
Chace, Geo. Ide : American physicist, 1808-1885. 
Chaceporc (Chaceport), Pet. : treasurer to Henry III., 

-1254. 
Chacon (Ciacconius), Alfons : Spanish savant, 

1540-1599. 
Chacon (Ciacconius), Ped. : Span, philol., 1525-1581. 
Chac6n y Castell6n, Luis : Governor-General of 

Cuba, 1670-1716. 
Chacornac, Jean : Fr. astronomer, 1823-1873. 
Chad (Ceadda). St. : See Ceadda. 
Chsdbourne, Paul Ansel : American educationist, 

1823-1883. 
Chaderton, Laurence : English Puritan divine and 

master of Emmanuel College, 1536*-1640. 
Chaderton (Chadderton, Chatterton), Wm. : Bishop 

of Chester and Lincoln, 1640*-1608. 
Chads, Sir Hy. : British admiral, 1819-1906. 
Chads, Sir Hy. Ducie : British admiral, 1788*-1868. 
Chadwick, Sir Edwin : English economist, sociologist 

and sanitary reformer, 1'800-1890. 
Chadwick, Jas. : Eng. R.C. Bp. of Hexham, 1813-82. 
ChEBrea : Roman tribune, -41. 
Ghseremon : Greek dramatist, fl. B.C. 380*. 
GhsBiemon : Stoic, grammarian and librarian at 

Alexandria, fl. 1-50. 
ChaSee, Jerome B. : American senator, 1826-1886. 
Chaffers, Rich. : English pottery manuf., 1731-1762. 
GhaBers, Wm. : English plate and pottery expert, 
1811-1892. J i' . 

Chafy, Wm. : Master of Sidney Sussex College 

Cambridge, 1779-1843. 
Ghaigneau, Wm. : Irish novelist, 1709-1781. 
Chais, Chas. Pierre : Swiss-Dutch divine and Biblical 

scholar, 1701-1785. 
Chaise, Fran?, de la : French Jesuit and confessor to 

Louis XIV., 1624-1709. 
Chalcondyles, Demetrius : Greek grammarian in 

Italy, 1424-1510. 
Chal(co)condyle5, Laonlcus : Byz. hist., -po«« 1462. 



Chiles (Challes), Claude Franf. Millet de : French 

mathematician, 1611-1678. 
Challer, Marie Jos. : revol. at Lyons, 1747-1793, 
Chalk, Sir Jas. Jell : English secretary to the 

Ecclesiastical Commission, 1803-1878. 
Ghalkhlll, Jno. : English poet, fl, 1600. 
Ghalkley, Thos. : English Quaker in America, 

1675-1741. 
Challamel, Jean Bapt. Marius Augustin : French 

historian, 1818-1894. 
Challe, Chas. Midi, Angelo: French painter and 

architect, 1718-1778. 
Challemel-Lacour, Paul Amand : French statesman, 

1327-1896. 
Challes : See Chftles. 

Challice, Anne Emma : Eng. miscell. wr., 1821-1875. 
Challiee, Jno. ; English physician, 1815-1863. 
Challis, Jas., F.E.S. : Bng. astronomer, 1803-1882. 
Ghalloner, Rich. ; Vicar-Apostolic of London, 1691- 

1781, 
Chalmers, Alex. : Scot. biog. and writer, 1759-1834. 
Chalmers, Day. : See Chambers, Dav,, Ld. Ormond. 
Chalmers, Sir Geo. : Scot. port, pntr., -1791. 
Chalmers, Geo. : Scottish antiquary, historian and 

political writer, 1742-1825. 
Chalmers, Geo. Paul : Scot, painter, 1836-1878. 
Chalmers, Jas, : Scottish post office reformer and 

inventor of the adhesive stamp, 1782-1853. 
Chalmers, Jas. : Scottish inventor of Chalmers* 

target, 1814^1868. 
Chalmers, Jas. ; Scot. miss, and explorer, 1841-1901. 
Chalmers, Sir Jno. : British general, 1756-1818. 
Chalmers, Jos. W. : American senator, 1807-1853. 
Chalmers, Lionel : Amer. physn. and wr., 1715*-77. 
Chalmers, Pat. : Scottish antiquary, 1802-1854. 
Chalmers, Rob. : British soldier, -1878. 
Chalmers, Thos, : Scottish theologian and phil- 

anthronist, 1780-1847. 
Chalmers, Sir Wm. : British general, 1787-1860, 
Chalmers, Wm. : Scottish missionary and bishop in 

Australia, 1833-1901. 
Chalmers, W. A. : Eng. water-colour pntr., fl. 1798. 
Chalon, Alf. Edw. : Genevese water-colour painter 

in England, 1781-1860. 
Chalon, Christina : Dutch etcher, 1748-1808. 
Chalon, Hy. Bern, : Anglo-Dutch animal painter, 

1770-1849. 
Chalon, Jno. Jas. : Genevese water-colour painter 

in England, 1778-1854. 
Chalon, Louis : Dutch landscape pntr., 1687*-1741. 
Chalon, M.^: English miniature pntr,, -1867. 
Chaloner, Edw, : chaplain to Jas. I., 1590-1625. 
Chaloner, Jas. ; Eng. regicide and antiq,, 1603-1660. 
Chaloner, Rich. : Eng, conspirator, -1643. 
Chaloner, Sir Thos. : English soldier, statesman, 

poet and writer, 1521-1565. 
Chaloner, Sir Thos, : English chemist and natural 

philosopher, 1661-1615. 
Chaloner, Tho3. : English regicide, 1595-1661. 
Chalotais, Louis Ren6 de Caradeuc de la : French 

writer, 1701-1786. 
Chalyb&us, Hein. Moritz : Germ, pliilos., 1796-1862. 
Chamber, Jno. (Chamberlayne) : English rebel knight, 

-1489. 
Chamber, Jno. : physician. See Chambre, 
Chamber, Jno, : Canon of Windsor and writer on 

astronomy, 1546-1604. 
Chamberlain : See also Chamberlaine, Chamberlane, 

Chamberlayne, Chamberlen and Chamberlin. 
Chamberlain, Sir Crawford Trotter : British general 

1821-1902. 
Chamberlain (Chamberlayne), Geo. . Bishop of 

Ypres, 1576-1634. 
Chamberlain, Jeremiah ; Amer. educat.. 1794-1S50. 
Chamberlain, Jno. : Eng. letter writer, 1553-1627. 
Chamberlain, Jno. Hy. : Eng. architect, 1831-1883. 
Chamberlain, Jos. : British statesman, 1836-1914. 
Chamberlain (Chamberlayne), Sir Leon. : Governor 

of Guernsey, -1561. 

Chamberlain, Sir Neville Bowles : British fleld- 

marshal, 1820-1902. 
Chamberlain, Rob. : English poet, 1607- 
Chamberlain, Rob. ; Eng. arithmetician, fl. 1678, 
Chamberlain, Rob. : Eng. ceramist. -1798*. 
Chamberlain, Selah : American engineer, 1812- 
Chamberlain (Chamberlayne), Thos. : English judge, 
-1626. 



113 



CHAMBERLAIN 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



CHANNING 



Chamberlain, Walter ; English divine, -1895. 
Chamberlain, Wm. : English painter, -1807. 
Chamberland, Chas. Edouard : French bacteriologist, 

1850-1908.' 
Chsmberlane, Bob. : Irish Franciscan friar, -1638. 
Chamberlayne, Sir Edw. : Eng. soldier, 1484*-1543*, 
Chamberlayne, Edw„ F.R.S. : English miscellaneous 

writer, 1616-1703. 
Chamberlayne, Sir Jas. : English poet, -1699. 
Chamberlayne, Jno., F.R.S. : English miscellaneous 

writer, 1666-1723. 
Chamberlayne, Wm. : Eng. physn. and poet, 1619-79. 
Chamberlen, Hugh, F.R.S., the Elder : English 

physician and economist, 1630(34)-j)oa< 1720. 
Chamberlen, Hugh, the Younger ; English physician, 

1664-1728. 
Chamberlen, Paul : English empiric, 1635-1717. 
Chamberlen, Pet., the Elder : Eng. surg., -1631. 
Chamberlen, Pet., the Younger : English surgeon, 

1672-1626. 
Chamberlen, Pet. : English physician, 1601-1683. 
Chamberlin, Brown : Canadian soldier and govern- 
ment official, -1897. 
Chamberlin, Mason : Eng. port, painter, -1787. 
Chambers, Day., Ld. Ormond : Scottish judge and 

historian, 1530*-1592. 
Chambers, Ephr.,F.U.S. : Eng. encyclopsedist, -1740. 
Chambers, Ezekiel F. : American senator, 1788-1867. 
Chambers, Geo. : Eng. marine painter, 1803-1840. 
Chambers. Geo. : American jurist. 1786-1866. 
Chambers! G. F. : Eng. astronomical wr., 1840-1915. 
Chambers, Hy. : American senator, 1785*-1826. 
Chambers, Jno. : last Abbot and 1st Bishop of 

Peterborough, -1556. 
Chambers, Jno. : American jurist, 1710*-1765. 
Chambers, Jno. : Eng. hiog. and topog., 1780-1839. 
Chambers, Jno. : Governor of Iowa, 1779-1852. 
Chambers, Jno. Chas. : warden of the * House of 

Charity,' London, 1817-1874. 
Chambers, Jno. Graham : English athlete and 

journalist, 1843-1883. 
Chambers, Rich. : London merchant, alderman and 

sheriff, 1588»-1658. 
Chambers, Bob. : English B.C. divine, 1571*-1624. 
Chambers, Sir Bob. : Chief Justice of Bengal and 

Vinerean professor, 1737-1803. 
Chambers, Bob. : Scot, publisher and wr., 1802-1871. 
Chambers, Sabine : English Jesuit, 1560*-1633. 
Chambers, Wm. : English Orientalist, -1793. 
Chambers, Sir Wm. : Scottish architect, 1726-1796. 
Chambers, Wm. : Scottish publisher, 1800-1883. 
Chambers, Wm. Fred., F.R.S. : English physician, 

1786-1855. 
Chambliss, Jno. Bandolph : Amer. brig.-gen., 1833-64. 
Chambodut, Louis Claude Marie : French Vicar- 
General of Galveston, 1821-1880. 
Chambenniires, Jacques Champion de : French 

musician and teacher, -1670*. 
Chambord, Comte de : See Bordeaux. 
Chambers, Guil. de B. : Fr. sold. and 8chol.,1666-1743. 
Chambort, Sebastien Eoch Nic. : French man of 

letters, 1741-1794. 
Chambray, Geo., Marquis de : French general and 

military writer, 1783-1850. 
ChambrS, Sir Alan : English judge, 1739-1823. 
Chambre, Jno. (Chamber, Chambyr and Chambers) : 

English physician, 1470-1549. 
Chambre, Wm. de : English writer, fl. 1365*. 
Chamfort, S6b. Boch. Nic. : Fr. bibliog., 1741-1794. 
Chamier, Ant. : friend of Dr. Johnson, 1726-1780. 
Chamier, Dan. : Fr. Prot. theologian, 1670*-1621. 
Chamier, Fred. : Brit. nav. capt. and nov., 1796-1870. 
Chamier, Steph. Hy. Edw. : Anglo-Indian general, 

1834-1910. 
Chamillard, Etienne : Fr. Jesuit and antiq., 1656-1730. 
Chamillart, Mich, de : French favourite and minister 

of Louis XIV., 1652-1721. 
Chamilly, Noel Bouton, Marquis de: Marshal of 

France, 1636-1716. 
Chamir, Eleazer : Armen. hist, and topog., 1720*-90*. 
Chamisso, Adelbert von : German poet and botanist, 

1781-1838. 
Chamorro, Frutos : Cent. Amer. statesm., 1806-1855. 
Chamousset, Claude Humbert Piarron de ; French 

philanthropist, 1717-1773. 
Champ, Wm. Thos. Napier : 1st Premier of Tasmania, 
1808- 



Champagne, Jean Bapt. : Flem. pntr., 1643{6)'-1688. 
Champagne (Champaigne), Philippe de : Flemish- 
French religious, hist, and port, pntr., 1602-1674. 
Champagny, Jean Bapt. NompSre de, Duke of 

Cadore : French statesman, 1766-1834. 
Champe, Jno. : Amer. soldier and writer, 1762-1798. 
Champeaux, Gull, de : French philosopher, theologian 

and^^Blshop of Chalons, 1070*-1121. 
Champier, Symphorien, ' Camperius ' : French 

physician, 1472-1539. 
Champion, Ant. : English poet, 1725-1801. 
Champion, Ant. : French organist, fi. 1561. 
Champion, Honors : French bookseller and publisher, 

-1913. 
Champion, Jno. Geo. : English botanist, 1815-1854. 
Champion, Jos. : English calligrapher, 1709- 
Champion, Bich. : English ceramist, 1743-1791. 
Champion, Thos. : See Campion. 
Championnet, Jean Etienne : Fr. general, 1762-1800. 
Championni^re, Just Lucas: See Lucas-Cham- 

pionnidre. 
Ohamplain de Brouage, Sam. : French explorer and 

Governor of Canada, 1567-1635. 
Champlin, ChrLstopher Grant : American senator. 

1768-1840. 
Champlin, Jas. Tift : Amer. educationist, 1811-1882. 
Champlin, Jno. Denison : Amer. miseell.wr., 1834-1915. 
Champlin, Steph. : Amer. naval officer, 1789-1870. 
Champlin, Steph. Gardner : Amer. brig.-gen. .1827-64. 
ChampmesU, Chas. Chevillet, Sieur de : French actor 

and dramatist, -1701. 
Champmesld, Marie Desmares de : French actress, 

1644-1698. 
Champney, Anth. : Eng. B.C. div., 1569*-1643*. 
Champneys, Ben. : American jurist, 1800-1871. 
Champneys, John : Eng. religious writer, fl. 1648. 
Champneys, William Weldon ; Dean ol Lichfield, 

1807-1875. 
Champollion, Jean Fran?. : Fr. Egyptol., 1790-1832. 
ChampoUion-Figeac, Jacques Jos. : French archaeo- 
logist, 1778-1867. 
Chance, Sir Jas. Timmins : English manufacturer, 

benefactor and lighthouse engineer, 1814-1902. 
Chancellor, Bich. : English navigator, -1566. 
Chanche, Jno. Mary Jos. : Boman Catholic Bishop of 

Natchez, 1795-1863. 
Chancy (Chawney), Maur. : See Chauncy. 
Chanda Sahib (Husain Dost Ehan) : Indian soldier 

and ruler, -1762. 
Chandler, Ablel : Amer. philanthropist, 1777-1861. 
Chandler, Ann : See Candler. 
Chandler, Ben. : EngUsh surgeon, 1737-1786. 
Chandler, Chas. Hy. : American journalist, 1840-1885. 
Chandler, Edw. : Bishop of Durham, 1668*-1750. 
Chandler, Edw. Barron : Canadian jurist, 1800-1880. 
Chandler, Eliz. Uarg. : American authoress, 1807-34. 
Chandler, Hy. Wm. : English Hellenist, 1828-1889. 
Chandler, J. W. : English portrait pamter, fl. 1800. 
Chandler, Johanna : English philanthropist, 1820-76 . 
Chandler, Jno. : English apothecary, 1700-1780. 
Chandler, Jno. : American senator, 1760-1841. 
Chandler, Jno. Bipley : Amer. journalist, 3792-1880. 
Chandler, Mary ; English poetess, 1687-1745. 
Chandler, Bich. : English printer and bookseller, 

-1744. 
Chandler, Bich. : English philologist, traveller and 

antiquary, 1738-1810. 
Chandler, Sam., F.R.S. . English Nonconformist 

divine, 1693-1766. 
Chandler, Sam. : American major-general, 1794-1867. 
Chandler, Thos. Bradbury : Amer. divine, 1726-1790. 
Chandler, Zachariah : Amer. politician, 1813-1879. 
Chandos, Barons and Duke of : See Brydges. 
Chandos, Su: Jno. : Eng. mil. commander, -1370. 
Chandragupta Maurya : 1st paramount ruler of India, 

B.C. 321-296. 
Chandn Lai, Maharaja : Ind. statesman, 1766-1845. 
Chanlrau, Frank S. : American actor, 1824-1884. 
Chang and Eng : Siamese twins, 1811-1874. 
Chang-Chih-Tung : Chin. vie. and schol., 1837-1909. 
Chang Chun, Klu : Chinese Taoist, sage and traveller, 

1148-1227. 
Changarnier, Nic. Anne Thtodule : French general, 

1793-1877. 
Channell, Sir Wm. Fry : English judge, 1804-1873. 
Channer, Geo. Nich. : Anglo-Indian gen., 1842-1905. 
Channing, Edw. Tyrrel : Amer. educat., 1790-1866. 



114 



CHANNING 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



CHARLES 



Channing, Walter : American physician, 1786-1876. 

Channing, Wm. EUery : American tlieologlan and 
philantliropist, 1780-1842. 

Channing, Wm, Hy. : American divine, 1810-1884. 

Chanot, Tran?. : Frencli violin maker, 1787-1823. 

Clianot, Geo. : Trench violin maker, 1801- 

Ohanot, Geo. : Fr.-Bng. violhi maker, 1831-1895. 

Chantal, Jeanne Tranpoise Fremiot de, St. : French 
pious lady, 1572-1641. 

Chantereau le Fevre, Lotiis : French antiquary, jurist 
and historian, 1588-1658. 

Chantrey, Sir Fes. Legatt, B..A. . English sculptor 
and benefactor, 1782-1841. 

Chanut, Pierre : French ambassador, 1600*-1662. 

Chanzy.Ant.BugdneAll. : French general, 1823-83. 

Chao Ping Chun ; Premier of China, -1914. 

Chao-yong : Chinese philosopher, 1000*-1077. 

Chapelain (Capellanus), And. : Pr. poet, fi. 1180-1223. 

Chapelain, Jean : French poet and man of letters, 
1595-1674. 

Ohapelier, Isaac Ren« Gui le : Fr. pol., 1754-1794. 

Chapelle, Claude Emm. Lhuillier : Fr. poet, 1626-86. 

Chapelle, Jean de la ; French biographer, 1655-1723. 

Chapin, Alonzo Bowen : Amer. div. and wr., 1808-58. 

Chapin, Edwin Hubbell: Amer. div. and wr., 1814-80. 

Chapin, Hy. ; Amer. lawyer and pol., 1811-1878. 

Chapin, Steph. : Amer. divine and writer. 1778-1845. 

Chaplain, Jules : Fr. medallist, 1839-1909. 

Chapleau, Sir Jos. Adolphe : Canad. prem., 1840-98. 

Chaplin, Ada C. : American authoress, 1842-1883. 

Chaplin, Jeremiah : Amer. educationist, 1776-1841. 

Chapman, Alvan Wentworth : American botanist, 
1809- 

Chapman, Arth. Thos. : Bng. Hebraist, 1840-1913. 

Chapman, Edm. : Eng. surgeon and writer, fl. 1733. 

Chapman, Edw. Jno. : English-Canadian minera- 
logist, geologist and poet, 1821-1904. 

Chapman, Fred. : English pubUsher, 1828-1895. 

Chapman, Sir Fred. Edw. : Brit, general, 1815-1893. 

Chapman, Fred. Hy. : Swedish admiral, -1808. 

Chapman, Geo. : English poet, dramatist and trans- 
lator, 1559*-1634. 

Chapman, Geo. : English schoolmaster and writer on 
education, 1723-1806. 

Chapman, Geo. H. : Amer. maj.-gen., fi. 1864-1866. 

Chapman, Geo. Thos. : Amer. div. and wr., 1786-1872. 

Chapman, Hy. Sam. : English colonial judge and legal 
and economic writer, 1803-1881. 

Chapman, Jno. : Archdeacon of Sudbury, 1704-1784. 

Chapman, Jno. ; English pohtical writer, 1801-1854. 

Chapman, Jno. : English phvsician, author and pub- 
Usher, 1822-1894. 

Chapman, Jno. Gadsby : Amer. painter, 1808-1889. 

Chapman, Maria Weston ; Amer. reformer, 1806-85. 

Chapman, Mary Frances : Irish novelist, 1838-1884. 

Chapman, Nath. : Amer. physn. and wr., 1780-1853. 

Chapman, Keub. : Gov. of Alabama, 1799-1882. 

Chapman, Eeub. Atwater : Amer. jurist, 1801-1873. 

Chapman, Hob. Hett : Amer. educat., 1771-1833. 

Chapman, Sir Steph. Itemnant : British lieutenant- 
general E.B. and Gov. of Bermuda, 1776-1851. 

Chapman, Thos. : Prebendary of Durham, 1717-1760. 

Chapman, Thos. Dan. : Prem. of Tasmania, -1884. 

Chapman, Walter : See Chepman. 

Chapman, Wm. : English engineer, 1749-1832. 

Chapman, Wm. : American soldier, 1810- 

Chapone, Hester in6e Mulso) : English essayist, 1727- 
1801. 

Chappe, Claude : Fr. mechan. and engin., 1763-1805, 

Chappe, Ignace Urbain Jean : French engineer and 
inventor, 1760-1829. 

Chappe d'Auteroche, Jean : French abb6 and astron- 
omer, 1722-1769. 

Chappell, Wm. : Bishop of Cork, 1582-1649. 

Chappell, Wm. : Eng. musical antiquary, 1809-1888. 

Chappelow, Leon. : English Orientalist, 1683-1768, 

Chappington (Chapington), Jno.: English organ- 
builder, -1606. 

Chappie, Sam. : English organist and composer 
(blind), 1775-1833. 

Chappie, Wm. : English judge, 1877-1745. 

Chappie, Wm. : English topographer, 1718-178X. 

Chaptal, Jean Ant. Claude, Count of Chanteloup : 
French cliemist and statesman, 1756-1832. 

Chapuzeau, Sam. : Gcnevese writer, -1701, 

Charas, Moise : French pliysician, 1618-1698. 

Charcot, Jean Mart, : Fr. physician, 1825-1893, 



115 



Chard, Geo, Wm, ; English organist, 1765-1849, 
Chard, Jno, House Merriott : British soldier. Hero 

of Eorlte's Drift,' 1847-1897, 
Chardin, Jean Bapt. Simeon ; Fr, pntr., 1699-1779, 
Chardln, Sir Jno., F,B,.S. : French- English traveller 

in the East, ambassador and writer, 1643-1713. 
Chardon (Charldon, Charlton), Jno. : Bishop of 

Down, -1601. 
Chardon de la Bochette, Simon : Fr, philol„1753-1814, 
Charenton, Jos, Sic, : French Jesuit missionary ra 

Persia, 1659-1735, 
Chares ; Athenian general, fl, B,o, 367-332, 
Charette, Baron de ; French general and commander 

of papal Zouaves, 1833-1911, 
Charette, Athanase, Bar, de : Fr, Royalist, 1796-1848, 
Charette de la Contrie, Fran?, Athanase : VendSan 

Koyalist, 1763-1796, 
Charibert (Chas, Rob,) : Kg. of Hungary, 1292-1342. 
Charibert I. : Kmg of Paris and Aquitarne, -567. 
Charibert II. : King of Aquitaine, -631, 
Charicles : one of the Thirty Tyrants, -B,o, 403, 
Charidemus : Athenian orator, -B,c, 333, 
Charidemus: Grk, leader of mercenaries, -3,0,333, 
Charilaus : Kmg of Sparta, fl, b.c, 884, 
Charisi, Jehuda Ben Sol. : Hebrew poet, -ante 

1235, 
Charisius, Flav, Sosipater : Latin gram,, fl, 400". 
Charlie, Wm. : Bng. monkish compiler, 1422-1502», 
Charke, Charl. {nie Cibber) : Eng, actress, -1760*, 
Charke, Wm, : English Puritan divine, fl, 1580. 
Charlemagne : See Charles I, of Germany, 
Charlemagne, Jean Arnjand ; Fr, dram,, 1753-1838, 
Charlemont, Barons, Viscounts and Earl of : See 

Caulfleld, 
Charles I. : King of England, 1600-1649, 
Charles ll. : King of England, 1630-1685, 
Charles I., ' The Bald ' : King of France, II. Emperor, 

823—877 
Charles II,, ' The Fat ' : King of France, III, Emperor, 

832»-88S, 
Charles IIL, ' The Sunple ' : King of France, 879-929, 
Charles IV., ' The Fair ' : King of France, 1294-1328. 
Charles V., ' The Wise ' : King of France, 1337-1380. 
Charles VI., ' The Well-Beloved ' : King of France, 

1368-1422. 
Charles VII., ' The Victorious ' : King of France, 

1403-1461. 
Charles VIIL, ' The Aflable ' : King of France, 

1470-1498. 
Charles IX. : King of France, 1550-1574. 
Charles X. : Kmg of France, 1757-1836. 
Charles L, ' Charlemagne ' : Emp. of Germ., 742*-814. 
Charles H., ' The Bald ' : Emperor of Germany, 

I. of France, 823-877. 
Charles III., ' The Fat ' : Emperor of Germany, 

IT. of France. 832-888. 
Charles IV. : Emperor of Germany and King of 

Bohemia, 1316-1378. 
Charles V. : Emperor of Germany and I. of Spain, 

1500-1558, 
Charles VI. : Emperor of Germany, 1685-1740, 
Charles VII. : Emperor of Germany, 1697-1745. 
Charles I. : King of Hungary, 1288-1342. 
Charles I., Duke of Lorraine : claimant to French 

crown, 950»-992». 
Charles II. (I.) : Duke of Lorraine, 1365-1431. 
Charles HI. (II.), ' The Great ' : Duke of Lorraine, 

1543-1608. 
Charles IV. (III.) : Duke of Lorraine, 1604-1675. 
Charles V. : Duke of Lorrame, 1543-1690. 
Charles I., King of ISTaples : Ct. of Anjou, 1221-1285. 
Charles II., ' The Lame ' : King of Naples, 1250-1309. 
Charles III., of Durazzo, * De la Pais,' ' Le Petit ' : 

King of Naples, 1345-1386, 
Charles IV. : King of Naples, See Chas, V,, Emperor. 
Charles V. : King of Naples. See Chas. II. of Spain. 
Charles I.: King of Navarre. See Chas. IV. of France. 
Charles H., ' The Bad ' : King of Navarre, 1332-87. 
Charles IIL,' The Noble': King of Navarre, 1361-1425 
Charles IV. : King of Navarre, 1421-1461. 
Charles I. : Duke of Parma. See CJhas. III. of Spain. 
Charles II. (Louis de Bourbon) : Duke of Parma. 

1799-1883. 
Charles III. : Duke of Parma, 1823-1854. 
Charles I. : King of Rouraania, 1839-1914. 
Charles I., ' The Warrior' : Duke of Savoy, 1458-1489. 
Charles II., John Amadeus : Duke of Savoy, 1489-97. 



CHARLES 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



CHASE 



Charles III., ' The Good ' : Duke of Savoy, 1486-1553 . 

Charles I. : Emg ot Spain, V. Emperor, 1500-1558. 

Charles II. : King ol Spain, 1661-1700. 

Charles III. : King of Spain, 1716-1788. 

Charles IV. : King of Spain, 1748-1819. 

Charles I.-VI. : Kings of Sweden (no reliable records) . 

Charles VII., ' Swerkerson ' : King of Sweden, 

-1167. 
Charles VIII. t King of Sweden, -1470. 
Charles IX. : King of Sweden, 1550-1611. 
Charles X., Gnstavus : King of Sweden, 1622-1660. 
Charles XI. : King ot Sweden, 1656-1697. 
Charles Xn. : King of Sweden, 1682-1718. 
Charles XIII. : King of Sweden, 1748-1818. 
Charles XIV. : King of Sweden, 1763-1844. 
Charles XV. : King of Sweden and Norway, 1826-72. 
Charles : King of Wurtemburg, 1823-1891. 
Charles, Archduke of Austria : com., 1771-1847. 
Charles I., ' The Good ' : 13th Count of Flanders, 

1084*-1127. 
Charles, Cardinal of Lorraine : Fr. statesm., 1525-74. 
Charles Albert : King of Sardinia, 1798-1849. 
Charles Alexander, of Lorraine : Governor of Nether- 
lands, 1712-1780. 
Charles Augustus : Grand Duke of Saxe- Weimar, 

1757-1828. 
Charles Augustus, Duke of Saxe-Weimar : German 

general, 1844-1894. 
Charles de Blois : Pretender to Brittany, 1319*-1364. 
Charles the Bold: Duke of Burgundy, 1433-1477. 
Charles Edward Stuart : Young Pretender, 1720-88. 
Charles Emanuel I., ' The Great ' : Duke of Savoy, 

1562-1630. 
Charles Emanuel II. : Duke of Savoy, 1634-1675. 
Charles Emanuel III., Duke of Savoy : King of 

Sardinia, 1701-1773. 
Charles Emanuel IV. : King of Sardinia, 1761-1819. 
Charles Felix : King of Sardinia, 1766-1831. 
Charles Ludwig, Archduke of Austria ; military 

commander, 1771-1847. 
Charles Martel, Duke of Austrasia : son of Pepin, 

689*-741. ■ 
Charles Martel r titular Kmg of Hungary, 1272*-95. 
Charles de Saint Paul : Bp. of Avranches, ' -1644. 
Charles de Valois : Count of Maine and Anjou, 

brother of Philip IV., 1270-1325. 
Charles, Dav. ; Welsh preacher and wr., 1762-1834. 
Charles, Bliz. (nie Bundle) : English miscellaneous 

writer, 1828-1896. 
Charles, Jacques Alex. C6sar : French mathematician 

and physicist, 1746-1823. 
Charles, Jas. ; Eng. port, and lands. i)ntr., 1851-1906. 
Charles, Jos. : English author of ' Dispersion of Men 

of Babel," 1716-1786. 
Charles (Carles), Mch. : English herald, -1613. 
Charles, Thos., of Bala : Welsh preacher and writer, 

1765-1814. 
Charlesworth, Bdw. Parker : English physician, 

1783-1863. 
Charlesworth, Maria Louisa : Eng. authoress, 1819-80. 
Charlet, Mr. Tousaaint : French designer and painter, 

1792-1845. 
Charleton : See also Charlton. 
Charleton, Bice : English phvsician, 1710-1789. 
Charleton, Bob, : English Quaker, 1809-1872. 
Charleton, Walter : Eng. nat. and theol., 1765-1814. 
Charlett, Arth. ; Master of University Colleae, 

Oxford, 1655-1722. 
Charleval, Chas. Faucon de Bis, Lord ot : French 

scholar and poet, 1613-1698. 
Charlevoix, Pierre Fran?. Xav. de : French Jesuit 

mi''sionary in America and historian, 1682-1761. 
Charl(e)wood (Cherlwod), Jno. : English stationer 

and printer, -1592. 
Charley, Sir Wm. Thos. : Irish lawyer, politician and 

miscellaneoufl writer, 1833-1904. 
Charlier, GiUes : French theologian, -1473. 
Charlier, Jean, ' Gerson ' : Fr. writer, 1363-1429. 
Charlotte Augusta, Princess : daughter of George IV., 

1796-1817. 
Charlotte Augusta Matilda : Queen of Wtlrtemburg, 

1766-1828. 
Charlotte Elizabeth Phelan : See Phelan. 
Charlotte, of Savoy : Queen of Louis XI. of France, 

1446-1483. 
Charlotte Sophia : Queen of George ni. of England, 

1744-1818. 



Charlton : See also Charleton. 

Charlton (Cherleton), Edw. : 5th Lord Charlton, 

1370-1421. 
Charlton, Sk Job : Speaker of House of Commons, 

1614-1897. 
Charlton (Cherleton), Jno. de : 1st Lord Charlton, 

-1363. 
Charlton, Jno. : See Chardon, Jno. 
Chailton (Cherleton), Lew. : Bishop of Hereford, 

-1869. 
Charlton, Lionel : English topographer, 1720-1788. 
Charlton, Bob. M. : American jurist and poetical 

writer, 1807-1864. 
Charlton (Cherleton), Thos. : Bishop of Hereford, 

-1344. 
Charlwood, H. : English cricketer, 1846-1888. 
Charnisi, Aulnay de C. de M. : French settler in 

Arcadia, -1660. 
Charnock, Job : Eng. fdr. of Calcutta, -1693. 
Charnock, Jno. : Eng. naval biographer, 1756-1807. 
Charnock (Ghernock), Bob. ; English conspirator and 

Vice-Pres. of Magdalen Coll., Oxford, 1663*-1696. 
Charnock, Steph. : Bug. Puritan theol., 1628-1680. 
Charnock, Thos. : English alchemist, 1626-1681. 
Chamois, Jean Chas. le Vacher de ; Fr. pol., 1750*-92. 
Charolais, Chas. : See Charles the Bold, Duke of 

Burgundy. 
Charolais, Chas. de Bourbon, Ct. of : French states- 
man, 1700-1760. 
Charon, of Lampsacus ; historian, fl. B.C. 465. 
Charondas : legislator, fl. a-nte B.C. 494. 
Charpentier, Fran?. : French archaeologist and man 

of letters, 1620-1702. 
Charpentier (Carpentarius), Jacques : French philo- 
sopher, 1624-1574. 
Charpentier, Jean de : Swiss geologist, 1786-1855. 
Charpentier, Jean Pierre : French professor of 

rhetoric and man of letters, 1797-1878. 
Charpentier, Marc Antoine : French musician and 

composer, 1634-1702. 
Charpentier, Toussaint de : Swiss entomologist, 

1779-1847. 
Charpenti^re ; See Carpenti6re and Carpentiers. 
Charras, Col. : Fr. pol. and mil. writer, 1808-1865. 
Charretle, Anna Maria : English miniature and oil 

painter, 1819-1876. 
Charrier, Marc Ant. : French Boyalist, 1753-1793. 
Charri6re, Agnes Isabelle Emilie de (nie van Zuylen) : 

Dutch-Swiss writer, 1740*-1806. 
Charriire, Jos. de la : French surgical writer, fl. 

1690. 
Charron, Pierre : French philosopher, 1541-1603. 
Charteris, Arch. Hamilton : Scottish Biblical critic, 

1836-1908. 
Charteris, Fes., Col. : English criminal, 1676-1732. 
Charteris, Fes., 10th Earl of Wemyss : politician and 

military reformer, 1818-1914. 
Charteris, Hy. : Scottish printer, -1699. 
Charteris, Hy. : Scottish minister and Principal of the 

University of Edinburgh, 1566-1628. 
Charteris, Lawr. : Scot, divine, 1625-1700. 
Chartier, Alain : French poet and political writer. 

1392»-1430. 
Chartier, Jean, of St. Denys : French historiographer, 

-1461(2). 
Chartier, Ben6 : French physician and classical 

editor, 1572-1664. 
Chartran, Theobald : French painter, 1860-1907. 
Charties : See Orleans. 
Chartres, Benaud de, Card. : Archbishop of Bheims, 

1380*-1444. 
Chary, Chintamanny Bagoonatha : Indian astrono- 
mer, -1880. 
Chase, Ann : American patriot, 1809-1874. 
Chase, Ben : American divine, 1789-1870. 
Chase, Carlton : American Protestant Episcopal 

Bishop of New Hampshire, 1794-1870. 
Chase, Dudley : Amer. statesm. and jurist, 1771-1846. 
Chase, Drummond Percy : English divine, writer 

and Prmcipal of St. Mary Hall, 1820-1902. 
Chase, Irah : American divine, 1793-1864. 
Chase, Jno. : Bug. water-colour painter, 1810-1879. 
Chase, Lucien B. : American author, 1817-1864. 
Chase, Marian Emma : English water-colour painter, 

1844-1906. 
Chase, Philander: American Protestant Episcopal 

Bishop ot Illinois, 1775-1852. 



116 



CHASE 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



CHAZELLES 



Chase, Salmon Portland ; American statesman and 

jurist, 1808-1873. 
Chase, Sam. : signer of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, American judge and jurist, 1741-lSll. 
Chase, Squire : Amer. miss, to Africa, 1802-1843. 
Chase, Wm. Henry : American soldier, 1798-1870. 
Chase, Wm. Hy. : American soldier and military 

engineer, 1844-1871. 
Chase, Wm. St. Lucian : Eng. soldier, 1856-1908. 
Chasles (OhaUes), Greg, de : French oflacer and 

humorist, 1669-1720*. 
Chasles, Mich. : French mathematician and geome- 
trician, 1793-1880. 
Chasles, Vict. Euphdmion Philarfite : French mis- 
cellaneous writer, 1798-1873. 
Chasot de Nantigny, Louis : Fr. geneal., 1692-1756. 
Chassg, Dav. Hen., Bar. : defender of Antwerp, 

1766-1849. 
Chasseloup-Laubat. Fran?., Marquis de : French 

general and military engineer, 1754-1833. 
Chasseneux, Bart, de : French lawyer, 1480-1541. 
Chasserieau, Theod. : American subject painter, 

1819-1866. 
Cbassevant, Marie : Fr. teacher of music, 1835-1914. 
Chasslgnet, Jean Bapt. : French poet, 1578*- 

■poet 1620. 
Chastel or Ch&tel, Jean : Fr. assassin, 1575-1594. 
Chastelain, Claude : French liturglo writer and 

divme, 1639-1712. 
Chastelain, Geo., ' The Adventurous ' : Flemish 

soldier of fortune and writer, 1403-1475. 
Chastelard, Pierre de Bocsozel de : French poet, 

1540-1563. 
Chasteler, Jean Gab., Marq. de : Fr. gen., 1763-1815. 
Chastelet : See also Chatelet. 
Chastelet, GabrieUe Emihe de Breteuil, Marchioness 

of : scientific writer, 1706-1749. 
Chastellain, Geo. : Burgundian chronicler, -1475. 
Chastellnx, Claude de Beauvolr de : Marshal of 

France, 1400»-1453. 
Chastellux, Frang. Jean, Marq. de : French officer 

and author, 1734-1788. 
ChastiUon, Eudes de ; See Urban II., Pope. 
ChastiUon, Gaucher de, Ct. de Crecy : French general, 

1250-1329. 
ChastiUon (Castillun), Hy. de : Archdeacon of 

Canterbury, fl. 1195-1202. 
Chataway, Jas. Vincent ; English-Australian states- 
man, 1862-1901. 
Ch&teaubriand, Frang. Een€, Vicomte de : French 

statesman and writer, 1768-1848. 
Chateauhriant, Erangoise de Folx, Countess of: 

favourite of Francis I., 1495*-1537. 
Chateaubrun, J. Bapt. Vivien de : French dramatist, 

1686-1775. 
ChSteau - Regnaalt, Fran;. Louis de Eousselet, 

Marquis de : French admiral, 1637-1716. 
Chateauroux, Marie Anne de MaiUy-Nesle, Duchesse 

de : mistress of Louis XV., 1717-1744. 
Chatel : See also Duch&tel. 
Chatei, Ferd. Toussaint Frauf. . French preacher, 

1795-1857. 
Chatei, Fran?, du : Flemish painter, 1626-1679. 
Chatei, Pierre du, ' Castellanus ' : Bishop of Orleans 

and scholar, 1500*-1552. 
Chatelain (de Pontigny), Clara de ; English musical 

composer, 1807-1876. 
Chatelain, Jean B«.pt. F. Ern. de : French miscel- 
laneous writer in England, 1801-1881. 
Chatelaine (Philippe), Jao. Bapt. Claude : English 
K draughtsman and engraver, 1710-1771. 
Chatelet : See also Duchatelet. 
Chatelet or Chastelet, Paul du Hay, Lord of : French 

historian and statesman, ' Bertrand du Guesclin,' 

1593-1636. 
Ch&telherault, Duke of : See Hamilton, Jas. 
Chatelus : See Chastellux. 
Chatfleld, Edw. : EngUsh painter, 1800-1839. 
Chatfield, Julia : American educationist, 1809-1878. 
Chatham, Earls of : See Pitt. 
Ch&tre, Claude, Baron de la : Marshal of France, 1526- 

1614. 
Ch4tre, Edme, Count de la : Fr. col. gen., 1600*-164B. 
Ch&tre, Louis de la : Marshal of France, -1630. 
Chatronsse, Bmile Fran?. : French sculp., 1829-1896. 
Chatterji, Bankim Chandra: Indian novelist and 

miscellaneous writer, 1838-1894. 



Chatterley.Wm. Simmonds : English actor, 1787-1822. 

atterton, Henrietta Georgia,na Marcia Lascelles, 

Lady : English miscellaneous writer, 1806-1876. 
Chatterton, Jno. Balsir : Eng. harpist, 1802*-1871. 
Chatterton, Thos. : English poet, 1752-1770. 
Chatto, Wm. And. : English miscell. ivr., 1799-1864. 
Chattodunus, Walter : See Catton. 
Chaucer, Geoffrey : English poet, ' Canterbury Tales,' 

1340»-1400. 
Chaucer, Thos. : Speaker of the House of Commons, 

1367*-1484. 
Chauehard, Alf. Hippolyte : French retail merchant, 

benefactor and art collector, 1821-1909. 
Chaucombe, Hugh de : English justiciar, fl. 1200. 
Chaudet, Ant. Denis : Fr. pntr. and sculp., 1763-1810. 
Cbaudon, Louis Maieul : Fr. hist, writer, 1737-1817. 
Chaodordy, Comte de : French diplomatist, states- 
man and historian, 1826-1899. 
Chautepie, Jacques Geo. de : French biographer, 

1702-1786. 
Chauliac (Chaulieu) : See Cauliac. 
Chaulieu, Guil. Amfrye de: French lyric poet and 

wit, 1639-1720. 
Chaulnes, Chas. d' Albert d'Ailly : French diplomatist, 

1625-1698. 
Chaulnes, Honor6 d' Albert, Duke of : Marshal of 

France, 1600*-1849. 
Chaulnes, Louis Aug., Duke of : Marshal of France, 

1676-1744. 
Chaulnes, Marie Jos. L. d'Albert, d'Ailly, Duke of : 

French chemist, 1741-1791*. 
Chaulnes, Mich. Ferd. d'Albert d'AiUy : French 

general and physicist, 1714-1769. 
Chaumette, Ant. : French surgeon, fl. 1660. 
Chaumette, Pierre Gaspard : French revol., 1763-94. 
Chaumonot, Pierre Jos. Marie : French missionary 

in America, 1611-1693. 
Chauncey, Chas. ; English physician, 1706-1777. 
Chauncey, Chas. : American divine, 1705-1787. 
Chauncey, Chas. : American jurist, 1747-1823. 
Chauncey, Ichabod : ejected N'onconformlst at 

Bristol, -1691. 
Chauncey, Isaac : American naval off., 1772-1840. 
Chauneey, Jno. S. : American naval off., 1800*-1871. 
Chauney, Chas. : English Nonconformist divine and 

president of Harvard College, 1592-1672. 
Chauney, Chas. : American theologian, 1705-1787. 
Chauney, Sir Hy. : English judge and topographer, 

1632-1719. 
Chauney, Isaac : English Dissenting divine and 

physician, 1632-1712. 
Chauney, Maur. : English Carthusian monk, -1581. 
Chaupy, Capmartin B. de : French antiq., 1720*-98. 
Chaussard, Pierre Jean Bapt. : French litterateur, 

1766-1823. 
Cbausse (Causeo), Mich. Agn. de la : French archae- 
ologist, -1746. 
Chauss6e, Pierre Claude Neville de la : French 

dramatist, 1692-1754. 
Chausson,Ern. : Frenchmusical composer, 1855-1899. 
Chauveau, Francis : French engraver, 1613-1676. 
Chauveau, RtaS : French engraver, 1663-1722. 
Chauveau Lagarde, Claude Fran?. : French advocate, 

1767-1841. 
Chauvelin, Bern. Frang., Marquis de : French diplo- 
matist and administrator, 1766-1832. 
Chauvenet, Wm. : American mathem., 1820-1870. 
Chauvet, Chas. Alexis : French organist and musical 

composer, 1837-1871. 
Chauvet, J. A. Emmanuel : French philosopher and 

writer on medicine, -1910. 
Chauvln, Franz von : German general, 1812-1898. 
Chauvin, Steph. : Franco-German Protestant refugee, 

theologian and philosopher, 1640-1725. 
Chavannes, Jean Bapt. : Haytian patriot, 1748*-91. 
Chavannes, Pierre Puvis de : French painter, 1826- 

1898. 
Chavasse, Wm. ; Anglo-Indian officer, 1785-1814. 
Chavero, Alfredo : Mexican archaeologist, fl. 1886. 
Chaves, Emm., Marquis de: Portuguese general, 

—1830. 
Chavez Aparicio, Fray Trinidad : Spanish missionary 

1508-1582. '* 

Chaviv, Jac. Ben : Spanish rabbi, -1500*. 
Chaviv, Levi Ben : Spanish rabbi, -1550*. 
Chazelles, Jean Math. : French mathematician 

engineer and hydrographer, 1657-1710. 



Wi 



CHAZELLES 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL, BIOGRAPHY 



CHEVERUS 



Chazelles, Laurent : French magistrate, 1724-1808. 

Cheadle, Walter Butler : English physician and 
medical writer, 1835-1910. 

Cheadsey, Wm. : See Chedsey. 

Cheape, Douglas : Scottish advocate and author, 
1797-1881. 

Cheape, Sir Jno. : British general, 1792-1876. 

Cheatham, Ben. Franklin : American major-general, 
1820-1886. 

Chebham, Thos. de : Sec Chabham. 

Cheblchev, Pafnutiy Lvovich : Russian mathe- 
matician, 1821-1894. 

Checkley, Jno. : Amer. div. and author, 1680-1753. 

Chedsey (Cheadsey), Wm. : Eng. divine, 1510*-1674. 

Chedworth, Lord : See Howe, Jno. 

Chedworth, Jno. ; Bishop of Lincoln, -147T. 

Cheeke, Alt. : Australian judge, 1811-1876. 

Cheeke, Wm. : Eng. scholar and writer, fl. 1613. 

Cheete, (?ir Hy. : English statuary, 1703-1781. 

Cheese, Griffith Jas. : Bnellsh organist, 1751-1804. 

Cheeseman, Jos. : President of Liberia, 1847-1896. 

Cheeshahteaumuck, Caleb : Amer.-Ind., 1646-1666. 

Cheesman, Jno. Cummings : Amer. physn., 1788-1862. 

Cheesman, Thos. : English engraver and draughts- 
man, 1760-1835*. 

Cheetham, Jas. ; Amer. journ. and author, 1772-1810. 

Cheetham, Sam. : Eng. divine and hist., 1827-1908. 

Cheever, Bzekiel : Amer. educationist, 1614-1708. 

Cheever, Geo. Barren : American divine and author, 
1807-1890. 

Cheter (Cheffer), Rich. : English Augustinian friar 
and theologian, fl. 1400*. 

Chefontalnes, Christopher de, of Brittany ; theo- 
logian, 1632»-1595. 

Cheilon (Chilon) : one of the Seven Sages, fl. B.C. 596. 

Cheke, Hy. ; English translator, 1548*-1586*. 

Cheke, Sir Jno. : English statesman and classical 
scholar, 1514-1557. 

Chel-ab-ku-kil : Yucatan-Ind. priest, fl. 15th cent. 

Chelard, Hippolyte Andr6 Jean Bapt. : French- 
German musical composer, 1789-1861. 

Ghelidonius, Benedictus : poet, -1529*. 

Chelius, Max. Jos. ; German surgeon, 1794-1876. 

Chelle (Chell), Wm. : precentor of Hereford Cathedral, 
fl. 1550. 

Chelmeston (Chelveston), Jno. . English Carmelite, 
fl. 1297. 

Chelmonski, Jos. : Polish painter, 1850-1914. 

Chelmsford, Lord : See Thesiger. 

Chelsum, Jas. : Eng. opponentof Gibbon, 1740*-180] . 

Chemin, Oath, du : Pr. flower painter, 1630-1698. 

Cheminais, Timoleon : French preacher, 1652-1689. 

Chemnitz, Bogeslaus Phil.: German historian and 
publicist, ' Swedish Wars in Germany,' 1605-1678. 

Chemnitz, Mart. : Germ. Prot. div. and wr., 1522-86. 

Chemnizer, Ivan Ivanovitch : Russian soldier and 
poet, 1744-1784. 

Chenavard, Paul M. I. : Fr. painter, 1808-1895. 

Chinedoll6, Chas. Julien Lioult de : French poet, 
1769-1833. 

Chenery, Thos. : English editor of the ' Times ' and 
scholar, 1826-1884. 

Chenevix, Rich. : Bishop of Waterford and Lismore, 
1698-1779. 

Chenevix, Rich., F.R.S. . Irish chemist and mineral- 
ogist, 1774-1830. 

Cheney, Arth. : Amer. patron of the stage, 1837-1878. 

Cheney, Chas. : American manufacturer, 1804-1874. 

Cheney, Seth Wells : American engraver, 1810-1856. 

Cheney, Theseus Apoleon : Amer. hist., 1830-1878. 

Cheney, Sir Thos. : See Cheyne. 

Cheney, Ward : American merchant, 1813-1876. 

Chenier, And. Mary de : French poet, 1762-1794. 

Chenier, Jno. Oliver : Canadian physn., 1806-1837. 

Chenier, Mary Jos. Blaise de : French dramatist, 
politician and poet, ' Death of Calas,' 1764-1811. 

Chepman, Walter : Scottish printer, 1473*-1538*. 

Cheradamus, Joannes ; French savant, fl. 1528. 

Cherbuliez, And. : Genevese philologist, 1795-1874. 

Cherbuliez, Ant. ElisSe : Swiss publicist and econo- 
mist, 1797-1869. 

Cherbuliez, Chas. Vict. : Swiss-French novelist and 
miscellaneous writer, 1829-1899. 

Cherbuliez, Joel : Swiss bookseller and wr., 1806-70. 

Cherbury (Chirbury), Dav. : Bp. of Dromore, fl. 1430. 

Cherll, Joh. Casper : See Kerl. 

ChermBlde, Sir Eob. Alex. : Irish physn., 1787-1860. 



Chiron, Eliz. Sophie : Pr. min. painter, 1648-1711. 

Ghdron, Henri ; Fr. miniatm'e pamter, -1677. 

Chiron, Louis : French painter and engraver in 
England, 1660-1723. 

Cherry, And. : Irish actor and dramatist, 1762-1812. 

Cherry, Pes. : English Nonjm'or, 1665*-1713. 

Chersiphron or Ctesiphon : Greek archt., fl. B.C. 560*. 

Chertsey, And. : English translator, fl. 1508-1532. 

Cherubini, Maria Luigi Carlo Zenobio Salvatore : 
Italian musical composer, 1760-1842. 

Chiruel, Pierre Ad. : French historian, 1809-1891. 

Chesbrough, Ellis Sylvester : American civil engineer, 
1813-1886. 

Chesebro, Car. : American authoress, 1828*-1873, 

Cheselden, Wm., F.R.S. : Eng. surgeon, 1688-1752. 

Chesham, i'cs. : English engraver, 1749-1806. 

Cheshire, Jno. : English medical writer, 1695-1762. 

Chesnaye-Desbois : See Desbois, Fran?. Alex. 

Chesne, Du ; See Duchesne and Quercu. 

Chesneau, Nich., of Toulouse : med. wr., 1601- 

Chesnelong, Pierre Chas. : Pr. politician, 1820-1894. 

Chesney, Chas. Cornwallis : British military engineer 
and military writer, 1826-1876. 

Chesney, Fes. Rawdon : British general and explorer, 
1789-1872. 

Chesney, Sir Geo. Toiukyns : British general, poli- 
tician and author, 1830-1895. 

Chesney, Rob. de : Bishop of Lincoln, -1166. 

Chessar, Jane Agnes : Scot. educationi''t, 1835-1880. 

Chesshar, Rob. : English surgeon, 1750-1831. 

Chesshyre, Sir Jno. : English lawyer, 1662-1738. 

Cheste, Ct. de : Spanish marshal, -1906. 

Chester, Earl of : See Blundevill, E . de. 

Chester, Jas. ; English crlclceter, -1888. 

Chester, Jno. : American solicitor, 1749-1809. 

Chester, Jos. Lemuel : Amer. genealogist, 1821-1882. 

Chester, Rob. ; Eng. astron. and alchemist, fl. 1182. 

Chester, Rob. : English poet, 1566*-1640*. 

Chester, Roger of : supposed author of ' Polycratica 
Temporum," fl. 1339. 

Chester, Sir Wm. ; Ld. Mayor of London, 1509*-1595. 

Chesterfleld, E?»rls of : See Stanhope. 

Chesterfleld.Thos. : Canon of Lichfleld, -1451(2). 

Chesters, Lord : See Henryson, Sir Thos. 

Chestnut, Jas. ; Amer. brig.-gen. and senator, 1815- . 

Chestre, Thos. : English poet, fl. 1430. 

Chetfalva, Pes, Pulsky de Luborz et : Hungarian 
patriot, museum dir., hist, and nov., 1814-1897. 

Chetham, Humph., of Manchester : benef ., 1580-1653. 

Chetham, Jas. : Eng. writer on angling, 1640-1692. 

Chetbam-Strode, A. R. : K.Z. politician, 1823-1890. 

Chettle, Hy. : English dramatist and pamplileteer, 
1564*-1607*. 

Chettle, Wm. : See Ketell. 

Chetty, Gazulu Lakshminarasu : Indian philan- 
thropist and social reformer, 1806-1868. 

Chetwood, Jno. J. ; American lawyer, 1800-1861. 

Cbetwood, Knightly : E \g. di v. and wr. , 1650-1720. 

Chetwood, Wm. ; American lawyer, 1769-1857. 

Chetwood, Wm. Rufus : English bookseller and 
dramatist, -1766. 

Cbetwynd, Bdw. : English divine, 1577-1639. 

Chetwynd (Chetwind), Jno. : English divine and 
author, 1623-1692. 

Chetwynd, Walter : English antiquary, -1693. 

Chetwynd, Wm. Rich. C. : 3rd Viscoimt Chetwynd, 
1685*-1770. 

Chetwynd-Stapylton, Granville Gedf : British general. 
1823-1915. 

Chevalier, Ant. Rodolph le : Fr. scholar, 1507-1572. 

Chevalier, Jno. : chronicler of Jersey, 1589-1675. 

Chevalier, Lewis : French lawyer, 1663*-1744. 

Chevalier, Mich. : Pr. political economist, 1806-1879. 

Chevalier, Mch. : Swiss-Austral, painter, -1902. 

Chevalier, Mc. : French antiquary, -1720*. 

Chevalier, Sulpice Paul, ' Gavarni ' : French carica- 
turist, 1801-1866. 

Chevalier, Thos. : English surgeon, 1767-1824. 

Chevallier, Ant. Rodolph : French Protestant and 
Hebraist in England, 1523-1672. 

Chevallier, Jno : Eng. physn. and agrieult., -1846. 

Chevallier, Temple : English astronomer. 1794-1873. 
Cheverny, Phil. Hurault, Coimt of : Chanc5llor of 

Prance, 1628-1699. 
Chevert, Fes. de : French general, 1696-1760. 
Cheverus, Jean Louis Anne Magdeleine Lefetavre de : 
French ecclesiastic, 1768-1836. 



118 



CHEVES 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



CHIPMAN 



Ctaeves, Langdon ; Ameiicau statesman, 1776-1857. 
ChevUlard, Pierre Alex. Fran?. : Belgian-French 

•celUst, 1811-1877. 
Chevllller, And. : French antiquaiy, 1638-1700. 
Cbeneau, Pierre, ' Frfre Cyprien ' : French abbot, 

teacher and architect, 1806-1897. 
Chevreau, Urbain : French litterateur, 1613-1701. 
Chevreul, Mich. Bug. : French chemist, 1786-1889. 
Chew, Ben. : American jurist, 1722-1810. 
Obew, Eich. S. : Amer. naval officer, 1843-1875. 
Ohew, Rob. S. : American oflcial, 1811-1873. 
Chew, Sam. : American jurist, 1690*-1744. 
Chewt, Ant. : See Chute. 
Cheylesmore, Bar. : See Eaton. 
Cheyne (Chiene), Cha.'i. ; Visct. Newhaven, 1624*-98. 
Cheyne, Geo. : Scottish physician and philosophical 

writer, 1671-1743. 
Cheyne (Le Chen) , Hy. : Bp. of Aberdeen, -1328. 
Cheyne, Jas. : Scot, philos. and mathem., -1602. 
Cheyne, lady Jane : English dramatist, 1621-1669. 
Cheyne, Jno. : Scottish medical writer, 1777-1836. 
Cheyne, Sir Thos. : Treasurer of Household and 

Warden of Cmque Ports, 1485*-1558. 
Cheyne, Tlios. Kelly ; English Hebraist and Biblical 

scholar, 1841-1915. 
Cheyne, Sir Wm. : Recorder of London, -1438*. 
Cheynell, Fes. : English div. and fanatic, 1608-1665. 
Cheyney, Jno. : Eng. wr. against Quakerism, fl. 1677. 
Cheyney, Rich. : Bishop of Gloucester, 1513-1579. 
Cheyney, Sir Thos. ; See Cheyne. 
Cheysson, Eraile : French social reformer, 1835-1910. 
ChSzy, Ant. Leonard dc : Fr. Orientalist, 1773-1832. 
Chiabran, Franc. : Italian violinist and musical 

composer, 1723*- 
Chiabrera, Gab. ; Italian lyric poet, 1552-1637. 
Chi-ah-kiu (Ah-kiu-chi) ; Yucatec prince, -1541*. 
Chialiquichiama : Peruvian soldier, 1490*~1533. 
Ghiaramonte, Scipione : Italian mathematician and 

natural philosopher, 1565-1652, 
Chiari, Fabrizio : Ital. pntr. and engrav., 1621-1695. 
Chiarl, Gins. ; Italian historical painter, 1654-1727. 
Chiari, Pet. : Italian poet, -1788. 
Chiavistelli, Jac. : perspective painter of Florence, 

1621-1698. 
OUbald, Wm. : English divine, 1575-1641. 
Chlbu, Lama: Ind. politician and diplom., -1866. 
Chicheley (Chichele), Hy. : Archbishop of Canter- 
bury, 1364-1443. 
Chicheley, Sir John : British admiral, -1691. 
Chicheley, Sir Thos. : English Master- General of the 

Ordnance, 1618-1699. 
Chichester, Earls of : See Pelham. 
Chichester, Arth., Lord Chichester of Belfast : Lord 

Deputy of Ireland, 1663-1625. 
Chichester, Arth., Ist Earl of Donegal : Governor of 

Carrickfergus, 1606-1675. 
Chichester, Sir Ohas. : Brit, lleut.-col., 1795-1847. 
Chichester, Fred. Rich., Earl of Belfast : author, 

1827-1853. 
Chichester, Hy. Manners : Bug. mil. wr., 1832-1894. 
Chichester, Rob. : Bishop of Exeter, -1165. 
Chickering, Jesse : Amer. political econ., 1797-1855. 
Chickering, Jonas : Amer. piano manuf., 1797-1853. 
Chickering,Thos.Edw.: Amer.merch.andgen.,1824-71. 
Chicoyneau, Aim6 Frang. : French physician, lawyer 

and scholar, 1699-1740. 
Chicoyneau, Fran?. : French physician, ' On the 

Plague,' 1672-1752. 
Chicoyneau, Mich. : French physician and states- 
man, 1626*-1701. 
ChiiSnch, Thos. : Eiglish keeper of the Crown jewels, 

comptroller of the excise, etc., 1600-1666. 
Chiffinch, Wm. : closet keeper to Charles II., 

1602»-1688. 
Chlfflet, Claude : French professor of law, 1541-1580. 
Chifflet, Jean : French advocate and Canon of 

Toumay, -1663. 
ChifSet, Jean Jacques : French medical and political 

writer, 1688-1660. 
Chifney, Sam. : English jockey, 1753*-1807. 
Chigi, Fabio : See Alexander VII., Pope. 
Chignavitcelut, Oxiquieb: King of Cumarcaah, 

Central America, fl. 1600. 
Ghiguaihue : Araucanian Cacique of the Bisbio 

tribe, Chili, 1566*-1606. 
ChilimBalim: Indian philosopher, -1430*. 
Chllcot, Thos. : Eng. organist and comp., -1766. 



Chilcott, Geo. Miles : American senator, 1828- 
Chilcott, Wni. Winsland : British admiral and 

engineer, 1848-1916. 
Child, Dav. Lee : American journalist, 1794-1874. 
Child, Su: Fes. : English banker and Lord Mayor of 

London, 1642-1713. 
Child, Sir Fes. : banker and Lord Mayor of London, 

1684*-1740. 
Child, Fes. Jas. : Amer. schol. and educat., 1825-96. 
Child, Jno. : English Baptist preacher, 1638*-1684. 
Child, Sir Jno. : Governor of Bombay, -1690. 
Child, Sir Joslah : English merchant and writer on 

trade, 1630-1699. 
Child, Lydia Maria : American authoress, 1802-1880. 
Child, Thos. • Scottish Swedenborgian and theo- 
logical writer, 1839-1906. 
Child, Wm. : English muscial composer, 1606-1697. 
Child-Villlers, Vict. Alb. Geo., 7th Earl of Jersey : 

col. gov., agricult. and statssm., 1845-1915. 
Childe, Ellas : Eng. landscape painter, fl. 1798-1848. 
Childe, Henry Langdon : English inventor of dis- 
solving views, 1781-1874. 
Childe, Jas. Warren : Eng. mm. painter, 1780-1862. 
Childebert I. : Khig of France (511-558), 495*-658. 
Childebert II. : Kg. of France (575-596), 870-595. 
Childebert III. : King of France. 683-711. 
Chiideric L : King of France, 437*-481. 
Childeric IL : King of France, 653*-673. 
Chiideric III. : King of France (742-752), -751*. 
Childerley, Jno. : English divine, 1565-1645. 
Chllders, Hugh Culling Eardley : British statesman, 

1S27— 1896 
Chllders, Rob. Ciesar : Bngiisih Orientalist, 1838-76. 
Childibert I.: Kg.of the Merovingian Franks,495 *-558. 
Childibert II.: Kg.of theMerovingian Franks, 570*-595. 
Childibert TIL: King of the Merovingian Franks, 

683-711. 
Children, Geo. : English electrician, 1742-1818. 
Children, Jno. Geo., F.R.S. : Eng. chem., 1777-1852. 
Chlldrey, Josli. : Eng. antiq. and astrol., 1623-1670. 
Childs, Geo. Wm. : American publisher, newspaper 

proprietor and benefactor, 1829-1894. 
Childs, Hy. Halsey : American phvsician, 1783-1868. 
Childs, Jno. : English printer, 178'3-1853. 
Childs, Orville Whitmore : Amer. engineer, 1803-70. 
Childs, Thos. : American general, 1796-1853. 
Childs, Tim. : American physician, 1748-1821. 
Chillenden, Edm. ; Eng. theological writer, fl. 1656. 
Chillester, Jas. : English translator, fl. 1671. 
Chillingworth, Jno. : Eng. mathematician, fl.l360. 
Chillingworth, Jno. : Eng. astronomer, -1445. 

Chillingworth, Wm. : English divine, theologian and 

controversialist, 1602-1644. 
Chilmark (Chylmark), Jno. : Eng. schoolman, fl. 1336. 
Ghilmead, Edm. : English miscellaneous writer and 

musical composer, 1610-1654. 
Chilomacon, Chas. : Chief of PL'^cataway Indians, 

-1640*. 
Chllon : See Cheilon. 

Chilperich I. : Kg. of the Merovingian Franks,539-84. 
Chilperichll.: Kg. of the Merovingian Franks. -720. 
Chilson, Gardner : American inventor, 1804-1877. 
Chilton, Thos. : American divine, 1798-1854. 
Chilton, Wm. P. : American jurist, -1871. 
Chimilpain Quautlebuanitzin : Indian Mexican 

scholar, fl. 1580. 
Chimalpopoca : 3rd Mexican or Aztec kg., -1423. 
Chimalpopoca : 10th Ciilhuacdn king, fl^ 1402. 
Chimentolli, Valerie : Ital. archaeologist, fl. 17th cent. 
Chincb6n, Countess of : wife of Viceroy of Peru 

(Cinchona named after her), fl. 1640. 
Chiniquy, Chas. : Canadian social reformer, traveller 

and mountaineer, ' The Apostle of Temperance," 

1809-1899. 
Chin-Koung : Emperor of Cl'ina, fl. B.C. 3218*. 
Chinnery, Geo.: Eng. port, and lands, pntr., -1852. 
Chin-Tsoung : Emperor of Cliina, fl. 1573-1619. 
Chiocco, And. : Italian physician. -1624. 
Chionides : Greek comic poet, fl. B.C. 487-460. 
Chipman, Dan. : American lawyer and congressman 

1765-1850. 
Chlpman, Hy. : Amer. lawyer and judge, 1786-1867. 
Chipman, Nath. : Amer. jurist and judge, 1762-1843. 
Chlpman, Ward : .American loyalist, administrator 

of New Brunswick, 1754-1824. 
Chipman, Ward ; chief justice of New Brunswick. 

1787-1851. ■ 



119 



CHIPP 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



CHRISTIAN 



Chipp, Edm. Thos. . English organist and comDOser, 

1823-18R6. 
Oliipp.Tlios. Paul : English musician, 1793-1870. 
Chippendale, Mary Jane (nSe Seaman) ; English 

actress, 1837*-1888. 
Chippendale, Thos. : Bng. furniture maker, -1779. 
Chippendale, Wm. Hy. : English actor, 1801-1888. 
Chirac, Pierre : French medical writer, 1650-1732. 
Chirbuiy, Dav. : See Cherbury. 
Chiscnhale (Chisenhall), Edw. : Eng. hist., -1654. 
Chisholra, Mnn&s : Scottish Roman Catholic prelate, 

1759-1818. 
Chisholm, Alex. : Knglisli portrait and historical 

painter, 1792*-1847. 
Chisholm, Car. {nie Jones), ' The Emigrant's Friend ' : 

Eng. philanth. and wr, on emigration, 1810-1877. 
Chisholm, Colin : Eng. medical writer, -1825. 
Chisholm, Jno. : Scottish E.C. prelate, 1752-1814. 
Chisholm, Walter (Wattle) ; Scottish poet, 

1856-1877. 
Chisholm, Wm. : 1st Bp. of Dunblane, -1564. 
Chisholm, Wm. : 2nd Bishop of Dunblane and of 

Vaison, -1593. 
Chisholm, Wm. : 8rd Bp. of Vaison, -1629. 
Chisholm, Wm. Wallace : American judge, 1830-77. 
ChishuU, Edm. : Eng. div. and antiquary, 1671-1733. 
ChishuU, Jno. : Bishop of London, -1280. 
Chiswell, Rich. : English bookseller, 1639-1711. 
Chiswell.Eich. : English traveller, 1673-1751. 
Chiswell, Trench (Kich. Muilman) : London merchant 

and antiquary, 1735*-1797. 
Chi-Tsou or Koubli Khan : Emp. of China, fl. 13th cent. 
Chi-Tsoung : Emperor of China, 1507-1566. 
Chittenden, Mart. : Governor of Vermont, 1769-1841. 
Chittenden, Simeon Baldwin : American merchant 

and congressman, 1814-1889. 
Chittenden, Thos. : 1st Gov. of Vermont, 1730-1797. 
Chitting, Hy. : English genealogist, -1638. 
Chitfy, Bdw. : English legal reporter, 1804-1863. 
Chitty, Jos. : English legal writer, 1776-1841. 
Chitty, Jos. : English legal writer, -1838. 
Chitty, Sir Jos. Wm. : English judge, 1828-1899. 
Chitty, Thos. : English barrister and legal writer, 

1802-1878. 
Chladenius, Ern. Mart. : Germ. prof, of law, 1715-82. 
Chladni, Ern. Eloreus Fried., ' The Father of 
Modern Acoustics * : German physicist, 1756-1827. 
Chlodomer : Kg. of the Merovinsiiau Franks, -524. 
Chlopicki, Gregorz Jozet : Polish general, 1772-1854. 
Chlumecky, Pet. von : Austrian historian and 

archivist, 1825-1863. 
Chmelnitzkl, Nik. Iwanowicz ; Russian dramatist, 

1789-1846. 
Chmielnicki, Bogdan : Hetman of the Cossacks, 

1593*-1657. 
Chnodomarjus (Gundomar) : King of Alemanni, 

fl. 351-357. 
Choate, Dav. : American jurist, 1796-1872. 
Choate, Rufus : American jurist, orator and states- 
man, 1799-1859. 
Choate, Rufus : American soldier, 1834-1866. 
Chodkiewicz, Jan Karol : Polish general, 1560-1621. 
Chodowieckl, Dan. Nich. : Polish miniature painter 

and etcher, 1726-1801. 
Chodzko, Jacques Leon : Polish litterateur and 

historian, 1800-1871. 
Choerilus : Athenian tragic poet, fl. B.o. 523-483. 
Choeriius, of Samos; epic poet, -B.C. 399*. 
Choeroboscus, Georglus : deacon and professor at 

Constantinople, fl. 600. 
Choiecki, Chas. : See Edmond, Chas. 
Cholseul, Cfear, Due de : French marshal and 

diplomatist, 1602-1676. 
Choiseul, Cfear Gab. de, Duke of Praslin : statesman, 

1712-1785. 
Choiseul, Chas. de : French marshal, 1663*-1626, 
Choiseul, Chas. L. F, Theobald de : Duke of Praslin, 

1806-1847. 
Choiseul, fitienne Frang.,' Duke of Praslin : French 

statesman, 1719-1786. 
Chotseul-Qoulller, Marie Gab., Comto de : French 

traveller, 1762-1817. 
Ohoiseul-Stainvllle, Claude Ant. Gab. : French 

general, 1760-1838. 
Choisi, Claude Gabriel de : Fr. brig.-gen., -1795. 
Choisy, Franpois Timoleon de: French abb6 and 
writer, 1644-1724. 



Ohoisy,Fran(!.Aug.;Fr.wr. onarchitecture,1841-1909. 
Choke, Sir Rich. : English judge, -1483*. 
Chokier, Erasme Suilet, Baron de : Regent of Bel- 
glum, 1769-1839. 
Chokier, Jean Surlet de : Canon of LlSge, 1671-1656. 
Cholevlus, Karl Leo : German educationist and 

historian of literature, 1814-1878. 
Chollet, Jean Baptiste Marie : Fr. singer, 1798-1892. 
Cholmeley, Hy. Jas. : Eng. physician, 1777- 
Cholmley, Hugh : Bng. controvers., 1574*-1641. 
Cholmley, Sir Hugh : Eng. Royalist, 1600-1657. 
Cholmley, Sir Roger : English judge, -1565. 
Cholmley, Wm. : English political writer, -1554. 
Cholmondeley, Geo., 2nd Earl of Cholmondeley : 

poet and general, -1733. 
Cholmondeley (Chomley), Sir Hugh: English 

miUtary commander, 1513-1596. 
Cholmondeley, Hugh: Ist Ea. of Chohnondeley, -1724. 
Cholmondeley, Mary, Lady : litigant, 1563-1626. 
Cholmondeley, Rob. : Earl of Leinster, 1584*-1659. 
Cholmondeley-Pennell, Hy. : Anglo-Egypt, official, 

angler and wr. on angling, 1837-1916. 
Chomel, Jacques Franp. : Fr. med. wr., fl. 1708-1738. 
Chomel, Jean Bapt. Louis : Fr. med. wr., 1700*-65. 
Chomel, Pierre Jean Bapt. : Fr. med. wr., 1671-1740. 
Chomley, Arth. Wolfe : Irish-Australian judge, 

1837-1914. 
Chompr§, Etienne Maur. : Fr. Utt6rateur, 1701-1784. 
Chopin, Fran?. Fred. : Polish musical composer 

and pianist, 1810-1849. 
Chopin, R6n6 : French law writer, 1537-1606. 
Choiidus, of Gaza : Greek sophist and rhetorician, 

fl. 491-518. 
Chorier, Nich. : French jurist and man of letters, 

' History of Dauphiuy,' 1609-1692. 
Chorin, Aaron : Hungarian rabbi and pioneer of 

reUgious reform, 1766-1844. 
Choris, Louis : Russ. pntr. and trav., 1795-1828. 
Chorley, Chas. : English journalist and UttSrateur, 

1810*-1874. 
Chorley, Hy. Fothergill : English journalist, author 

and musical critic, 1808-1872. 
Chorley, Jno .Rutter : Eng. poet and sohol.,1807»-1867. 
Chorley, Josiah : Eng. Presbyt. divine, -1719*. 
Charlton, John : English Presbyterian minister and 

tutor, 1666-1705. 
Choroh, Alex. Etienne : French musician and writer 

on music, 1772-1834. 
Chosroes (Arsaces XXV.) ; Kg. of Parthia, fl. 114-121. 
Chosroes I. or Khosru : Kg. of Persia (631-79), -579. 
Chosroes II. : King of Persia (590-628), -628. 
Chouet, Jno. Rob. : philosopher and magistrate of 

Geneva, 1642-1731. 
Ghoul (Caulius, Brassicanus), Guil. du : French 

antiquary, fl. 1566. 
Choules, Jno. Overton : American divine, 1801-1856. 
Chouquet, Adolphe Gustavo : French - American 

verse writer and writer on music, 1819-1886. 
Chouteau, Aug. : American pioneer and foxmder of 

St. Louis, 1739-1829. 
Chouteau, Pierre : American pioneer and joint- 
founder of St. Louis, 1749-1849. 
Chouteau, Pierre : American merchant, 1789-1865. 
Chiestlen (Christianus), Florent : French philologist, 

satirist and Latin poet, 1541-1596. 
Chiestiens (de Troyes) : French poet and romance 

writer, -1191. 
Chrestus : rhetorician, fl. 179*. 
Chretien, Florence : Fr. poet and writer, 1541-1596. 
Chrismann, Franz Xavier ; Austrian organ-builder, 

1725-1795. 
Chrismann, Phil. Neri; German Franciscan and 

theologian, 1751- 
Chilsmas : See Christmas. 

Christ, Joh. Fried. : Germ, philologist, 1701-1756. 
Christ, Wilh. von : Germ, classical schol., 1831-1906. 
Chrlstaller, Joh. Gottlieb : German-Swiss missionary 

and linguist, 1827-1895. 
Christian I. : Kg. of Denmark (1448-81), 1426*-1481. 
Christian II. : Kg. of Denmark (1613-28), 1480-1559. 
Christian III. : Kg. of Denmark (1534-58), 1503-59. 
Christian IV. ; King of Denmark (1588-1648), 1577- 

1648. 
Christian V. : Kg. of Denmark (1670-99), 1646-1699. 
Christian VI. : Kg. of Denmark (1730-46), 1699-1748. 
Christian VII. : King of Denmark (1766-1808), 
1749-1808. 



120 



CHRISTIAN 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



CHURRUCA 



Christian VHI. : King of Denmark (1839-184S), 

1V86-1848. 
Cliristian IX.: Kg. of Denmarlc(1868-1906),1818-1906. 
Cliristian : Ist Bp. and Apostle of Prussia, -1243*. 
Cliristian : Archbishop of Mentz, -1183. 
Christian, of Brunswicls : Bishop of Halberstadt 

and general, 1599-1626. 
Christian, And. ; Dan. medical writer, 1561-1606. 
Christian, Edw. : Eng. lawyer and law wr., -1823. 
Christian, Fletcher ; Manx seamaa and mutineer, 

a. 1789. 
Christian, Sir Hugh Cloberry : British rear-admiral, 

1747-1798. 
Christian, Jon. : British judge, 1808-1887. 
Christian, Thos. : Manx writer, -1799. 
Christian, Wm. : Manx politician and receiver- 
general, 1608-1663. 
Christian, Wm. : American soldier, 1732-1782. 
Christiancy, Isaac Feckham : American senator, 

1812-1890. 
Christiani, Aith. : German physiologist, 1843-1887. 
Ciiristianus : See Chrestien. 
Christieh, Nicolas : Servian premier, 1818-1911. 
Christie, Alex. : Scottish painter, 1807-1860. 
Christie, Gabriel : British general, -1798. 
Chri5tie,Hugh: Scot, schoolmaster and gram.,1710-74. 
Christie, Jas. : English auctioneer, 1730-1803. 
Christie, Jas. : Eng. antig. and auctioneer, 1773-1831. 
Christie, Jno. : American soldier, 1786-1813. 
Christie, ILich. Copley : English scholar and blblio- 

phUe, 1830-1901. 
Christie, Eob. : Canadian author, 1788-1856. 
Christie, Sam. Hunter, F.R.S. : English mathe- 
matician, 1784-1865. 
Christie, Thos. : Scot, political writer, 1761-1796. 
Christie, Thomas : Scottish physician, 1773-1829. 
Christie, W. H. : Australian statesman, 1808-1873. 
Christie, Wm. : Scottish grammarian, 1730-1774. 
Christie, Wm. : Scot. Unitarian writer, 1748-1823. 
Cliristie, Wm. Dougal ; English diplomatist and 

litterateur, 1816-1874. 
Christina : nun of Eomsey, fl. 1086. 
Christina : Duchess of Savoy, 1606-1663. 
Christina : Queen of Sweden, 1626-1689. 
Christine, of France : Kegent of Savoy, -1663. 
Christine, of Pisa : scholar and poetess in France, 

1363*-1431*. 
Christison, Sir Eob., F.U.S. : Scottish toxicologist 

and physician, 1797-1882. 
Christitch, Nicolas : Servian premier, -1902. 
Christlieb, Theodor : German theologian, 1833-1889. 
Cliristmann, Joh. Fried. : German divine, musician, 

composer and writer on music, 1752-1817. 
Christmas, Gerard (Garrett Chrismas) : English 

carver and statuary, -1634. 

Christmas, Henry (Noel-Pearn) : English writer and 

numismatist, 1811-1868. 
Christodorus : epic poet, fi, 500*. 
ChristoBel, Haget ; Swiss ecclesiastic, historian and 

writer, 1810-1875. 
Christophe, Hy. : negro King of Hayti, 1767-1820. 
Christopher, St., fl. 3rd century. 
Cliristopher : Emperor of Constantinople, -931. 
Christopher I. : King of Denmark, -1259. 
Christopher II. : King of Denmark, 1276-1333. 
Christopher III.,of Bavaria : Kg. of Denmark. -1448 
Christopher, Alf . Millard Wm. : Eng. div., 1820-1913 
Christopher h Sancta Clara : See Colman. 
Christopherson, Jno : Bishop of Chichester and 

translator, -1558. 

Cliristopherson, Mich. : Eng. R.C. div., fl. 1613. 
Christophorus : Pope or Antipope, -904. 
Christopoulos, Athanasios : Macedonian philologist 

and poet, 1772-1847. 
Christy, Edwin P. : American minstrel, 1815-1862. 
Christy, Geo. N. : American minstrel, 1827-1868 
Christy, Hy. : English ethnologist, 1810-1865. 
Christy, Win. : Amer. lawyer and writer, 1791- 
ChroI)ak, Rudolph : Austrian gynecologist, 1843-191o' 
Chromatius : Bishop of Aquileia, -410*. 
Chrysander, Fried. : German-English writer on 

Handel and music, 1826-1901. 
Chrysander, Wilh. Christ. J. : Germ, hist,, 1718-78. 
Chrysanthius : Greek philosopher, a.d. 4th century 
Chrysippus : Greek philosopher, B.C. 280*-206. 
Chrysoberges, Lucas : patriarch of ConstantinoDle 
-1167. 



Chrysocephalus, Macarius : Archbislxop of Phila- 
delphia, fl. 1290*. 
Chrysococces, Georgius : physn. and astron., fl. 1350*. 
Chrysologue, Noel And, : French geographer and 

astronomer, 1728-1808. 
Chrysoloras, Demetrius : Greek theologian, phil- 
osopher and astronomer, fi. 1400*. 
Chrysoloras, Joannes ; Byz. philologist, -1425. 
Chrysoloras, Man. : Byzantine reviver of Greek in 

Italy, 1365*-1415. 
Chrysostom, St. Jno. : Grk. Church father, 347*-407. 
Chrystal, Geo. : Scottish mathematician, 1851-1911. 
Chrystal, Thos. : See Crystal!. 
Chtcherbatov, Mich. : Russian historian, 1700*-9U. 
Chubb, Chas. : English locksmith, -1845. 
Chubb, Jno. : son of Charles Chubb and successor to 

Chubb's safe business, 1816-1872. 
Chubb, Thos. : Bug. deistical writer, 1679-1746. 
Chubbes, Wm. : Master of Jesus College, Cambridge, 

-1505. 
Chubbock, Sam. W. : Amer. inventor, 1800-1875. 
Chadleigh, Eliz. : Countess of Bristol and Duchess 

of Kingston, 1720-1788. 
Chudleigh, Sii Geo. : English pari, com., -1657. 
Chudleigh, Jas. : English pari, maj.-geu., -1643. 
Chudleigh, Mary, Lady : English poetess, 1656-1701. 
Chudleigh, Thos. : EngUsh diplomatist, fl. 1689. 
Chulalongkorn : King of Slam, 1853-1910. 
Chumnus, Nicephorus : tiieologian, philosopher and 

statesman, -post 1330. 

Chun : Emperor of China, fl. B.C. 2285*. 
Chund (Chand or Chandra-Bardai) : Indian poet 

fl. 1200*. 
Chun-Tchi : Emperor of China, 1636-1662. 
Chun-Ti : Emperor of China, -1370*. 
Church, Alb. E. : American author, 1897-1878. 
Church, Alf. Jno. : English headmaster, classical 

scholar and classical writer for boys, 1829-1912. 
Church, Sir Arth. Herb. : Eng. chemist. 18?4-191d. 
Church, Ben. : American soldier, 1639-1718. 
Church, Ben. : Amer. polifoil writer, fl. 1775. 
Church, E. Dwight : American antiquary and 

bibliophile, 1836-1908. 
Church, Fred. Edwm : Amer. lands, putr., 1826-1900. 
Church, Geo. Earl : American geographer, explorer 

soldier and engineer, 1835-1910. 
Church, Jno. : EngUsh musician, 1675*-1741. 
Church, Pharcellus : American divine, 1801-1886. 
Church, Su- Rich. : English soldier, Greek general and 

liberator of Greece, 1784-1873. 
Church, Rich. Wm. : Dean of St. Paul's, 1815-1890. 
Church, Sanford EUas : Americ^n jurist, 1815-1880. 
Church, Thos. : Eng. controverijalist, 1707-1756. 
Churcher, Rich. : founder of Ohurcher's College 

Petersfleld, 1659-1723. 
Churchey, Walter : English Methodist writer and 

versifler, 1747-1805. 
Churchill, Alfred B. : Eng. jouru. in Turkey, 1825-70 
Churchill, Arabella : mistress of JamKi II., 1648-1730. 
Churchill, Awnsham : English bookseller, -1728 
Churchill, Chas. : British general, 1656-1714. 
Churchill, Chas. : EngUsh poet and satirist ' The 

Rosoiad,' 1731-1764. 
Churchill, Fleetwood : EngUsh obstetrician and 

medical writer, 1808-1878. 
Churchill, Geo. : British admu-al, 1654-1710. 
Churchill, Sir Jno. : Master of the Rolls, -1685 

Churchill, Jno., 1st Duke .pf Marlborough : general 
1650-1722. s s u lai, 

Churohili, John Spriggs Morss ; English medical 

publisher, 1801-1875. 
ChurchiU, John Winst^>n Spencer, 6th Duke of 

Marlborough: politician, 1822-1883 
Churchfll, Randolph Hy. Spencer: English states- 
man, 1849-1895. 
ChurchiU, Sarah : Duchess of Marlborough 1660- 

1744. ' 

Churchill, S vivester : Amer. brig. -gen., 1783-1862 
ChurchiU, Wm. : American soldier, ls2u*-1847 
Churchm, Sir Wia^ton : Eng. pol. and hbt.. 1620*-88 
Churchman, Jno. : American preacher, 1705-1775 
Churchman, Jno. : American author ' -1805 
Churchyard, Tlios. : Bug. mlscell. writer 1530*-l'604 

,Ill?'^^^^i- ^°'^''^ '■ Spanish architect and sculi.tor' 
1650-1725. 

Churrnca y Elorza, Cosme Damian de : ,Sriaiii.sh 
admiral, 1761-1805. .->p.i.nisn 



121 



CHUHTON 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



CLAIRE 



Churton, Edw. : English theologian and Spanish 

scholar, 1800-1874. 
Churton, Kalph : Archdeacon of St. David's, 1754- 

1831. 
Churton, Wm. Balph : English author, -1828. 
Chute (Chewt), Ant. : English poet, -1595*. 
Chute, Ohaloner : Speaker of House of Commons, 

-1659. 
Chute, Sir Trevor : British general, 1816-1886. 
Chwatal, Franz Xavier : Bohemian musical composer, 

1808-1879. 
Chytrteus (Koohhafe), Dav. : German professor of 

theology, 1530-1600. 
Chytraeus (liochhafe), Nath. . Germ, philol., 1543-98. 
Ciaeconius : See Chacon. 
Ciaja, Azzolino Bernardino della : Italian musical 

composer and organist, 1671- 
Ciakeiak : Armenian lexicographer, 1771-1835. 
Cialdini, Enrico : Italian general, diplomatist and 

politician, 1811-1892. 
Ciamberlano, Luke : Italian painter and engraver, 

1586-1641. 
Ciamciam, Mich. : Armen. gram, and hist., 1738-1823. 
Ciampelli, Augustine : Ital. hist, painter, 1678-1640. 
Ciampl, Legrenzio Vincenzo : Italian-English musical 

composer, 1719- 
Ciampi, Seb. : Italian archaeologist, 1769-1847. 
Ciampini, Giov. Giustino : Italian antiquary and 

historian, 1633-1698. 
Ciampoli, Giov. Batt. : Italian poet, 1589-1643. 
Cianchettini, Flo : Eng. pianist and comp.,1799-1851. 
Ciaran : saint of Clonmacnolse, 516-549. 
Ciaran ; saint of Saigir, Bishop of Ossory, fl. 500-560. 
Cibber (Cibert), Caius Gab. : Danish sculptor in Eng- 
land, 1630-1700. 
Clbber, Charlotte : See Charke. 
Ciblier, Collev : English actor, dramatist and poet 

laureate, 1671-1757. 
Cibber, Susannah Maria {nie Arne) : English actress 

and vocalist, 1714-1766. 
Cibber, Theophilus : English actor, dramatist and 

biographer, 1703-1758. 
Clbrario, Luigi, Ct. : Ital. statesm. and hist., 1802-70. 
Ciccar.elli, Alphonso : Italian writer, -1580. 
Ciccio) L' Abate : See Solimena. 
Ciceione, And. : Italian sculp, and archt., -1455. 
Cicero, Marcus Tullius : Roman orator, statesman 

and man of letters, B.C. 106-43. 
Cicero, ■ Marcus Tullius (Jun.) : Homan consul, 

B.C. 65- , 
Cicero, Quintus Tullius : Horn, pol., B.C. 102*- 
Cicognara, Leop., Ct. : Ital. antiq., statesm. and wr. 

on art, ' Hist, of Modern Sculpture,' 1767-1834. 
Cid, The : See Bivar, 1040*-1099. 
Cienfuegos, Nicasio Alvarez de : Spanish poet and 

publicist, 1764-1809. 
Cleza or Oiepa de Leon : Span, historian, 1520*- 
Cieza, Jos. de : Spanish painter, 1656-1692. 
CUra, Ant, : Ital. music, and oomp., 1676*-1638*. 
Cifuentes, Fray Bernardino : Span, friar, 1725-1780'^. 
Cigala, Lanfranc : French troubadour, -1278. 
CIgalini, Paolo : Ital. physn. and schol., 1528-1598. 
CignanI, Oonte Carlo : Bolognese pntr., 1628-1719. 
CIgnaroll, Giov. Bettino : Veronese pntr., 1706-1770. 
Cigoll or Civoll, Lodovico Cardi da : Florentine 

painter, architect and poet. 1559-1613. 
CUano, Geo. Christ. M. von : German archaeologist, 
■ 1696-1773. 

Clllan, St. : apostle of Franconia, -697. 
Cllley, Jon. ; American lawyer, 1802-1838. 
ClUey, Jos. : American soldier, 1735-1799. 
Cllley, Job. : American senator, 1791- 
Cllll, Uhich, Count of : Hungarian noble and states- 
man, 1406-1456. 
Cima, Giov. Batt. (Cima da Concgliano) : Venetian 

religious painter, 1489-1517. 
Cimabue, Giov. (Cenni) : Florentine roligious painter, 

1240-1302*. 
CImador, Giambattlsta : Italian-Engli=5h musician 

and composer, 1761*-1808*. 
Clmarosa, Dom. : Ital. musical composer, 1749-1801. 
CInielliauc : Bishop of Llandaff, -927. 
Clmon : Athen. statesman and general, B.C. 507*-449. 
Clmon, of Cleonae ; early Greek painter, 
CinsBthon (Kinsethon) : cyclic poet, fl. B.C. 765. 
CInaethus (Kinaethus) : rhapsodist, fl. B.C. 604. 
Clnclnato, Diego Boraulo : Florent. pntr., -1626, 



Cincinato, Uomulo : Florentine painter, 1525*-1600. 
Cincinnatus, Lucius Quinctus : Roman dictator and 

hero, B.C. 619*-p08« 439. 
Cineas, the Thessalian : chief adviser of Pyrrhus, 

King of Bpirus, fl. B.C. 280. 
Cinna, Gains Helvius : Koman poet, -B.C. 44. 
Cinna,LuciusCorn. : Kom. popular leader, -B.C.84, 
Cinnamus, Jno. : Greek historian, 12th century. 
Cino da P^toia : Italian jurist and poet, 1270-1336. 
Cinq-Mars, Hen. Coiffier lluz€ d'Efliat, Marq. of : 

favourite of Louis XIII., 1620-1642. 
Cinque : chief of Mendi Africans, 1800»- 
Cintbio, Giraldl : Ital. dram., ' Orbecche,' 1604-1673. 
Ciofano (Ciofanus), Ercole : Ital. philol., fl. 16th cent. 
Cioli, Valeric : Italian sculptor, 1530*-1600». 
Cionaeci, Franc. : Italian grammarian, fl. 1679. 
Clone, Andrea di (Orcagna) : Italian painter, sculptor 

and architect, 1329-1389. 
Ciprandi, Ercole ; Ital.-Eng. vocalist, 1738*- 
Ciprian Rore : Ital. musical composer, 1616-1566. 
Cipriani, Giov. Batt., R.A. : Italian-English painter 

and etcher, 1727-1785. 
Cipriani, Lorenzo ; Ital.-Eng. vocalist, fl. 1790-1791. 
Ciquard, Fes. : Fr. miss, in Canada, 1760*- 
Circignano, Ant., 'Pomerancio* : Italian painter, 

1560-1620. 
Circignano, Nich., ' Pomaranclo ' : Italian painter, 

1616-1588. 
Cirencester, Rich, of : Eng. chronicler, -1401*. 

CirlUo, Dom., of Naples : botanist, 1734-1799. 
Cirillo, Nice. : Neapolitan physician and natural 

philosopher, 1671-1734. 
Cirino, Andrea : Italian philologist, 1618-1664. 
CiroferrI : painter and architect of Rome, 1634-1689. 
Cisinge, Jno. de, ' Janus Pannonius ' : Hungarian 

poet, 1434-1472. 
Cisner, Nich. : German writer, 1629-1683.. 
CIsneros, Fes. Ximines de : Spanish cardinal ai.1 

statesman, 1437-1617. 
CIssaeus, Ulpius : Dutch Protestant and philologist, 

-1640. 
Clssey, Em. Louis Octave Courtot de : French 

general and politician, 1810-1882. 
Cist, Chas. : American printer, 1738-1805. 
Cist, Chas. : American editor, 1793-1868. 
Cist, Lewis Jacob : American poet, 1818-1885. 
Citols or Citesius, FrauQ. : physician of Poictiers, 

1572-1662. 
Cittadini, Ceiso : ItaUan antiquary, 1553-1627. 
Cittadinl,Fietro Franc, ' II Milanese ' : Italian painter, 

1613*-1681. 
Ciudad Real, Ant. ; Spanish missionary in Mexico, 

1551-1617. 
CIverchIo, Vincenzo, ' Verchio II Fornaro ' : Italian 

religious painter, 1490*- 
Clvlale, Jean : French surgeon, 1792-1867. 
Civllis, Claudius : leader of the Batavian revolt 

against Rome, fl. 69-70. 
Civltall, Matt. : Ital. sculp, and archt., 1435-1501. 
Civoll : See CigoU. 

Cladel, Lton ; French novelist, 1836-1892. 
Claessen, Aartjen : Dutch painter, 1498-1664. 
Claessen, Alaert : Dutch engraver, fl. 1520-62. 
Claflin, Hor. Brigham : American merchant, 1811-85. 
Claflln, Lee : American philanthropist, 1791-1871. 
Clagett, Nich., the Elder: Bug. Purftan div.,1610*-63. 
Clagett, Nich., the Younger : English controversialist, 

1664-1727. 
Clagett, Nich. : Bishop of Exeter, -1746. 
Clagett, Wm. : English controversialist, 1646 1688. 
Clagget, Chas. -. Irish violmist, 1740-1820*. 
Claggett, Thos. Jno.: 1st Protestant Episcopal Bishop 

of Maryland, 1742-1816. 
Claiborne, Ferd. Leigh : American brigadier-general, 

1772-1816. 
Claiborne, Jno. Fes. H. : Amer. lawyer, 1809-1884. 
Claiborne, Nath. Herb. : American pol., 1777-1859. 
Claiborne or CIsyborne, Wm. ; English colonist, 

1589*-1676*. 
Claiborne, Wm. Chas. Cole : American senator, 

1775-1817. 
Clair (Clahrs), St. : Bishop of Nantes, fl. 280. 
Clair (Cler), St. : Abb6 of St. Marcel, Vienne, -660*. 
ClBlr, Jean Marie le : French viohnist, 1697-1764. 
Clalraut, Alexis Claude ; Fr. mathem., 1713-1765. 
CIair6, Mart. : French Jesuit, preacher and hymn- 

ologist, 1612-1690. 



122 



CLAIRFAIT 



DICTIONARY OF umVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



CLARK 



Clairfait or Clerfayt, F. S. C. J. de Croix, de : Austrian 

general, 1733-1798. 
Clairmont, Clara Mary Jane : friend of Byron and 

Slielley, 1798-1879. 
Clalron, La (Claire Jos. Hipp. Leris) : Frencli actress, 

1723—1803 
Clajus {KisLi), Joh. : German gram., 1533*-1592. 
Olam-Gallas, Bduard, Ct. : Austr. general, 1805-1891. 
Clam-Martinitz, Count Karl Jos. Keponmk ; Austrian 

general and diplomatist, 1792-1840. 
Clanearty, Earl of : See MaeCarthy, Donogh, and 

Trench, Rich, le Poer. 
Clancy, Wm. : Irish Soman Catholic Bishop of 

Demerara, 1800-1847. 
Clanny.Wm. Rcid : Irish med. wr. and inv., 1776-1850. 
Clanricarde, M'lrq. of : See Burgh, Ulick de. 
Clanvowe, Sir Thos. : English poet, fl. 1390-1404. 
ClanwiUiam, Earls of : See Meade. 
Clap, Nath. : American divine, 1669-1745. 
Clap, Hog. : EngUsh settler hi America, 1609-1691, 
Clap, Thos. : American educationist, 1703-1767. 
Clapardde, Jean Louis RenS Ant. Edouard : Swiss 

naturalist, 1832-1870. 
Clapham, Day. : English translator, -1551. 
Ctapham, Henoch ; English theological wr., 11. 1600. 
Clapham, Sam. : English divine, 1755-1830. 
Clapids, de : French engineer and astron., 1671-1740. 
Clapisson, Antoine Louis : Italian violinist and 

composer, 1808-1866. 
Clapole : See Clapwell. 

Clapp, Asa : American merchant and pol., 1762-1848. 
Clapp, Theod. : American div. and author, 1792-1866. 
Clapperton, Hugh : Scottish African trav., 1788-1827. 
Clapwell (Knapwell), Rich. : English Dominican and 

theological writer, fi. 1286. 
Clarac, Chas. Othon F. J. B., Comte de : French 

antiquary and artist, 1777-1847. 
Clarapdde, Ct. : peer of France and gen., 1774-1842. 
Clare, Earls of : See Fitzgibbon, Jno., and Holies, Jno. 
Clare or Clara, St.: Italian foundress of Order of Kuns, 

1194-1253. 
Clare, Eliz. de : founder of Clare Hall, Cambridge, 

-1360. 
Clare, Gilb. de : English baronial leader, -1115*. 
Clare, Gilb. de (Strongbow) : 1st Earl of Pembroke, 

-1149. 
Clare, Gilb. de : 7th Earl of Clare, 5th Earl of Hert- 
ford and 6th Earl of Gloucester, -1230. 
Clare, Gilb. de, ' The Red ' : 9th Earl of Clare, 7th 

Earl of Hertford and 8th Earl of Gloucester, 

1243-1295. 
Clare, Gilb. de : 10th Earl of Clare, 8th Earl of Hert- 
ford and 9th Earl of Gloucester, 1291-1314. 
Clare, Jno. : English Jesuit, 1577-1628. 
Clare, Jno. : Northamptonshire poet, 1793-1864. 
Clare, Octavius Leigh : English judge, 1841-1912. 
Clare, Osbert de : Prior of Westminster, fl. 1136. 
Clare, Pet. : English surgeon and writer, 1738-1786. 
Clare, Sir Ralph : Enghsh Royalist, 1587-1670. 
Clare, Rich, de : founder of the House of Clare, 

-1090*. 
Clare, Rich, de, ' Richard FitzGilbert ' ■ English 

baron, -1136*. 
Clare, Rich, de (Strongbow) : 2nd Earl of Pembroke, 

-1176, 
Clare, Rich, de : 8th Earl of Clare, 6th Earl of Hert- 
ford and 7th Earl of Gloucester, 1222-1262. 
Clare, Roger de : 6th Earl of Clare and 3rd Earl of 

Hertford, -1173. 
Clare, Walter de : founder of Tintern Abbey, -1138*. 
Clarembald : Abbot-elect of St.Augustine's Monastery. 

Canterbury, fl. 1161. 
Clarence, Dukes of : See Plantagenet, Geo., Lionel 

and Thos., and William IV. 
Clarendon, Earls of : See Hyde and Villiers. 
Clarendon, Sk Roger: natural son of the Black 

Prince, -1402. 
Claret, Joan : Flemish pamter, fl. 1600*. 
Claret, Wm. : English porfrait pamter, -1706. 
Claretie, Jules Arestoe Arnaud : French man of letters 

and director of ComMie Fran(aise, 1840-1913. 
Clarges, Sir Thos. : English politician, -1695. 
Clari, Eugenio : Italian papal diplomatist and 

bishop, 1836-1899. 
Clari, Giov. Carlo Maria : Italian musician and 

composer, 1669*-1745*. 
Clarici, Paolo Bart. : Italian botanist, 1664-1724. 



123 



Claridge, Rich. : English Quaker writer, 1649-1723. 

Clarigny, Cucheval : French librarian and miscel- 
laneous writer, 1821-1895. 

Clarina, Lord : See Massey, Eyre. 

Clario, Isidore : Italian prelate and theol., 1495-1555. 

Claris^Jno. ChaDc : Eng. journ. and poet, 1797*-1866. 

Clark : See also (31arke, Clerk and (31erke. 

Clark, Abraham : American lawyer and convey- 
ancer, 1726-1794. 

Clark, Alex. : American divine, 1834-1879. 

Clark, Alonzo : American physician, 1807-1887. 

Clark, Alvan : American optician, 1804-1887. 

Clark, Sh And., F.R.S. : Scot, physician, 1826-1893. 

Clark, And. : Eng. surg. and med. writer, 1847-1913. 

Clark, Billy Jas. : American reformer, 1778-1867. 

Clark, Chas. : English proprietor of the Great 
Totham Press, 1806-1880. 

Claik, Chas. Heber, ' Max Adeler," Amer. humorist, 
1841-1915. 

Clark, Dan. : American senator, 1809-1891. 

Clark, Dan. A. : American divine, 1779-1840. 

Clark, Davis Wasgatt : Amer. M.B. bp., 1812-1871, 

Clark, Edwin : English engineer, 1814-1894. 

Clark, Fred. Scotson : Irish org. and comp., 1840-83. 

Clark, Geo. Aitken : Scottish manufacturer and 
philanthropist, 1823-1873. 

Clark, Geo. Hunt ; American poet, 1809-1881. 

Clark, Geo. Rogers : Amer. brig.-general, 1752-1818. 

Clark, Geo. Thos. ; Eng. engin. and archaeol., 1809-98. 

Clark, Hy. Jas. : American naturalist, 1826-1873. 

Clark, Hor. Fes. : Amer. railroad pres., 1815- 

Clark, Isaac : American soldier, 1749-1822. 

Clark, Jas. : Scot, physn. and writer, -1819. 

Clark, Jas. : American soldier, 1730-1826. 

Clark, Jas. : Governor of Kentucky, 1779-1839. 

Clark, Sir Jas., F.R.S. ; Scottish medical writer and 
physician, 1788-1870. 

Clark, Jas. Hy. : American physician, 1814-1869. 

Clark, Jeremiah : Eng. org. and comp., -1809. 

Clark, Jno. : comedian. See Clarke, John. 

Clark, Jno. : English ealligrapher, 1688-1736. 

Clark, Jno. : Scot. med. philanthropist, 1744-1805. 

Clark, Jno. : Scottish GaeUc scholar, -1807. 

Clark, Jno : American divine, 1758-1833. 

Clark, Jno. : Scottish book illustrator, * Myriorama." 
1772»-1863. 

Clark, Jno. Alonzo : American divine, 1801-1843. 

Clark, Jno. Bullock : American lawyer, 1802-1885. 

Clark, Jno, Willis : English scientist and archae- 
ologist, 1833-1910. 

Clark, Jonas : American divine, 1730-1805, 

Clark, Jonas Gilman : American millionaire and 
benefactor, 1814-1900. 

Clark, Jos. : EnglUh contortionist, -1696*, 

Clark, Josiah Latimer, F.R.S. : English engineer and 
electrician, 1822-1898. 

Clark, X/aban : American divine, 1778-1868. 

Clark, Lewis Gaylord : American author, 1810-1873. 

Clark, Myron HoUey : Gov. of New York, 1806-92, 

Clark, Rich. : Eng. city chamberiam, 1739-1831. 

Clark, Rich. : English musician, 1780-1856. 

Clark, Rufus Wheelwright : Amer. divine, 1813-1886. 

Clark, Sam. ■ English educationist, 1810-1875. 

Clark, Sam. Adams : American divine, 1822-1875, 

Clark, Sheldon : American philantliropist, 1785-1840. 

Clark, Thos. (?) : mate of the ' Mayflower,' fl, 17th 
century. 

Clark, Thos. : Irish Secession minister, -1792 

Clark, Thos. : American author, 1787-1860, 

Clark, Thos, : Scottish chemist, 1801-1867. 

Clark, Thos. : Scot, landscape painter, 1820-1876 

Clark, Thos. March : American Protestant Epticopal 
Bishop of Rhode Island, 1812-1903. 

Clark, Wm.: Eng. Roman Catholic priest -1603 

Clark, Wm. : English physician, 1698-1780'. 

Clark, Wm. ; American jurist, 1760*- 

Clark, Wm. : American brigadier-general ' and ex- 
plorer, 1770-1838. 

Clark, Wm. : English cricketer, 1798-1856 

Clark, Wm. : Eng. prof, of anatomy, 1788-1869 

Clark, Wm. : Eng. civil engin. and inv. 1821-1880 

Clark, Wm. Geo. : EnglUh classical and Shaic- 
spearean scholar, 1821-1878. 

Clark, Wm. Robinson: Scot.-Canadian prof of phil- 
obophy, div., lecturer and theol. wr. 1829-1912 

Clark, Wm. Smith : Amer. educationist, 1826-1886 

Clark, Wm, Tierney, F.E,S.:Eng. engin. 1783-1852 



CLARK 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



GLAUS 



Clark, Willis Gaylord ; American journalist and 

editor, -1841. 

Clark-Kennedy, Jno. : Brit. mil. com., 1817-1867. 
Clarke : See also Clark, Clerk and Clerlce. 
Clarke, A. : English oriclteter, 1831-1878. 
Clarke, Adam : Irish Wesleyan commentator and 

divine, 1762«-1832. 
Clarke, Alex. Eoss, F.R.S.: English geodet and 

mathematician, 1828-1914. 
Clarke, Aliired : Dean ol Exeter, 1696-1742. 
Clarke, Sir Alured : Brit, field-marshal, 1745*-1832. 
Clarke, Sir And. ; British general and engineer, 
Australian statesm. and agent-general, 1824-1902. 
Clarke, Sir Caspar Purdon : Irish architect, archae- 
ologist and museum director, 1846-1911 . 
Clarke, Chas. : English judge, -1750. 
Clarke, Chas. : English antiquary, -1767. 
Clarke, Chas. : English antiquary, -1840. 
Clarke, Chas. Baron ; English botanist and Indian 

official, 1832-1906. 
Clarke, Chas. Cowden : English author, musician 

and lecturer, 1787-1877. 
Clarke, Sir Chas. Mansfield, F.B.S. : English 

accoucheur and medical writer, 1782-1857. 
Clarke, Cuthbert : English writer on agriculture and 

mechanics, fl. 1777. 
Clarke, Dorus : American author, 1797-1884. 
Clarke, Bdw. : English diplomatist, ' Ned ' Clarke ot 

the State Papers, -1630. 

Clarke, Edw. : Eng. trav. and author, 1730-1786. 
Clarke, Bdw. Dan. ; English traveller and mineralo- 
gist, 1769-1822. 
Clarke, Edw. Goodman : English phvsician and 

medical writer, fl. 1791-1812. 
Clarke, Edw. Hammond : Amer. physn., 1820-1877. 
Clarke, Elijah : American brigadier-general, -1799. 
Clarke, Geo. : English pol. and virtuoso, 1661-1736. 
Clarke, Geo. : Governor of New York, -1763. 

Clarke, Geo. : English sculptor, 1796-1842. 
Clarke, Geo. Rogers : American general, 1752-1818. 
Clarke, Harriet Ludlow : English artist and wood 

engraver, -1866. 
Clarke, Hen. Jacques Gull., Duke of Feltre : Marshal 

of France, 1765-1818. 
Clarke, Hy. : Eng. mathematician, 1743-1818. 
Clarke, Hy. Butler ; English historian and writer on 

Spain, 1863-1904. 
Clarke, Hewson : Eng. miseell. writer, 1787*-1832«. 
Clarke, Hyde : English philologist, 1815-1895. 
Clarke, Jacob Aug. Lockhart : Eng. anat., 1817-80. 
Clarke, Jas. : English antiquary, 1798-1861. 
Clarke, Jas. Fernandez : Eng. raed. wr., 1812-1875. 
Clarke, Jas. Freeman : American divine and author, 

1810-1888. 
Clarke, Jas. Langton : Austral, judge, 1801-1886. 
Clarke, Jas. Stanier : English naval and historical 

writer, 1765*-1834. 
Clarke, Jeremiah : Eng. mus. composer, 1669*-1707. 
Clarke or Gierke, Jeremy : President Regent of Rhode 

Island, fl. 17th century. 
Clarke, Jno. : See also Whitfield. 
Clarke (Clerk), Jno. : English physician, 1582-1653. 
Clarke, Jno. : one of the founders of Rhode Island, 

1609-1676. 
Clarke, Jno. : Scottish portrait engraver, 1650*-1721. 
Clarke, Jno. : Irish-Belgian Jesuit, 1662-1723. 
Clarke, Jno. : English schoolmaster and philologist, 

1687-1734. 
Clarke, Jno. : Dean of Salisbury, 1682-1757. 
Clarke, Jno. : English schoolmaster, 1706-1761. 
Clarke, Jno. : English physician and wr., 1761-1815. 
Clarke, Jno. : Amer. major-general, 1766-1832. 
Clarke, Jno. : English comedian, -1879. 
Clarke, Jno. A. : American divine, 1801-1843. 
Clarke, Jno. Randall : English architect and author, 

1828*-1863. 
Clarke, Jno. Sleeper : Amer. comedian, 1833-1899. 
Clarke, Jos. ; English controversialist, -1749. 
Clarke, Jos. : Irish physician, 1768-1834. 
Clarke, Jos. : English divine and writer, 1811*-1860. 
Clarke, Lancelot Fox : Austral, soldier, 1858-1915. 
Clarke, M. C. : English cricketer, -1887. 
Clarke, McDonald : American poet, 1798-1842. 
Clarke, Marcus And. Hislop ; English-Australian 

journalist, novelist and dramatist, 1846-1881. 
Clarke, Sir Marshall Jas. : Irish colonial .admini- 
strator, 1841-1909. 



Clarke, Mary Anne (nie Thompson) : mistress of 
Frederick, Duke of York, 1776*-1852. 

Clarke, Mary Victoria Cowden- {n4e Novello) : English 
Shakspearean writer, 1809-1898. 

Clarke, Matth., the Elder : English Congregational 
mmister, 1630 '-1 708*. 

Clarke, Matth., the Younger : Tlnglish Independent 
divine, 1664-1726. 

Clarke, Matth. ; English physician, 1701-1778. 

Clarke, Newman S. : American soldier, -1860. 

Clarke, Rich. : American merchant, 1708*-1795. 

Clarke, Su: Rob. : English judge, -1607. 

Clarke, Rob. : settler in Maryland and surveyor, 
1610*- 

Clarke (Graine), Rob. : English Latin poet, -1675. 

Clarke, Sam. : English Orientalist, 1625-1669. 

Clarke, Sam. : Eng. Ejected div. and biog.,1599-1683. 

Clarke, Sam. : Eng. Biblical annotator, 1626-1701. 

Clarke, Sam. : English classical commentator, philo- 
sopher and divine, 1676-1729. 

Clarke, Sam. : Eng. theological writer, 1684-1750. 

Clarke or Clark, Sam. : English Dis.senting minister, 
' Scripture Promises,' -1769. 

Clarke, TheophUus : Eng. genre pntr., 1776*-1831*. 

Clarke, Sir Thos. : Eng. Master of the Rolls, 1703-64. 

Clarke, Thos. : Irish draughtsman, fl. 1768-1775. 

Clarke, Tim., F.R.S. : English physician, -1672. 

Clarke, Walter : Col. Gov. of Rhode Island, fl. 1675. 

Clarke, Sir Wm. : BngUsh statesman, 1623'-1661. 

Clarke, Wm. : English physician, 1640*-1684. 

Clarke, Wm. : English divine and antiq., 1696-1771. 

Clarke, Wm. : Eng. miscellaneous writer, 1800-1838. 

Clarke, Wm. : English cricketer, 1798-1856. 

Clarke, Wm. Branwhite, F.R.S. : English-Australian 
poet, divine and geologist, 1798-1878. 

Clarke, Wm. Fairlie : Scottish medical and surgical 
writer, 1833-1884. 

Clarke, Sir Wm. Jno. : Bng.-Austral. benef., 1831-97. 

Clarkson, Dav. : Eng. Ejected Nonconf., 1622-1686. 

Clarkson, Jno. : Eng. Dominican friar, 1697-1763. 

Clarkson, Lawx. : See Claxton. 

Clarkson, Matth. : American major-general and 
phUanthropist, 1769-1825. 

Clarkson, Nath. : English painter, 1724-1795. 

Clarkson, Rob. Harper : American Protestant Epis- 
copal Bishop of Nebraska, 1826-1884. 

Clarkson, Thos. : Eng. slavery Abolitionist, 1760-1846. 

Clary, Rob. Emtmet: Amer. brig.-gen., 1805- 

Clasen, Dan. : German philologist, 1623-1678. 

Clasen, Lorenz : German painter, 1812-1899. 

Clason, Isaac Starr : American actor, 1789-1834. 

Clasper, Jno. Hawks : English boat builder and 
oarsman, 1836-1908. 

Classen, Johannes : German philologist and educa- 
tionist, 1805-1891. 

Clater, Fes. : Eng. writer on farriery, 1756-1823. 

Clater, Thos. : Eng. subject painter, 1789-1867. 

Clauberg, Joh. : German metaphysician, 1622-1665. 

Claude : Fr. painter on glass, 1470*- 

Claude, ' Le Jenne,' or Claudin : Huguenot musical 
composer, -^ost 1580. 

Claude, of France: da. of Louis XII., 1499-1524. 

Claude : Bishop of Turin, 795*-839». 

Claude, Ant. Gab. de : French politician, 1760-1838. 

Claude, Jean : French Protestant divine, 1619-1687. 

Claude, Jean Jacques : Dutch divine and philolagist, 
1684-1712. 

Claude Lorraine : See Gelto, Claude. 

Clauder, Gab. : German medical writer, 1638-1691. 

Clandet, Ant. Franf. Jean, F.R.S. : Fr.-Eng. photo- 
grapher, inv. and wr. on photography, 1797-1867. 

Claudet, Arth. Crozier : English metallurgist and 
benefactor, 1855-1913. 

Claudianus, Claudius : Latin poet and panegyrist, 
-post 404*. 

Claudius I. : Roman emp. (41-54), B.o. 10-A.D. 54. 

Claudius II., Gothicus : Emperor (268-70), 214-270. 

Claudius, Appius : Roman consul, -B.o. 449. 
Claudius, Appius Csecus V. : Roman orator, 

-B.o. 278*. 
Claudius, Clodius Puloher : enemy of Cicero, 

-B.o. 53. 
Claudius, Matth., ' Asmus ' : Germ, poet, 1740-1815. 
Claughton, Piers Calverley : Bp. of Colombo, 1814-84. 
Claughton, Thos. Legh : Bishop of Rochester and 

(if St. Albans, 1808-1892. 
Claus, Karl : Germ, zoologist and nat., 1835-1899. 



124 



CLAUSEL 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



CLEMENT 



Clausel, Borti-and, Ct. : Fr. marshal, 1772-1842. 

Clausen, Thos. : Gennaa astronomer, 1801- 

Clauser, Conrad : Swba philologist, fl. 16th cent. 

Clausewitz, Karl von : Prussian general and military 
writer, 1780-1831. 

Clausius, Eudolf Jul. Eman. : German physicist, 
1822-1888. 

Glauzel ; See Clausel. 

Clave, JEtienne dc : French physician and chemist, 
fl. 17th century. 

Clavel, Jno. : English highwayman, 1603-1642. 

Clavell, Rob. : Eng. bookseller and author, -1711. 

ciaver, Pedro : Spanish apostle of the negroes, 1572- 
1654. 

Claveihouse : See Graham, Jno., Viscount Dundee. 

Clavering, Sir Jno. : opponent of Warren Hastings, 
1722-1777. 

Clavering, fiob. : Bp. of Peterborough, 1671-1747. 

Clavier, Etienne : French historian, 1762-1817. 

Claviere, Steph. : Swiss-French statesman and 
financier, 1735-1793. 

Olavigero, Fes. Xav. : Mex. historian, 1720-1793. 

Clavigo, Ruy Gonz, de : Span, traveller, -1412. 

Clavijo y Fajardo, Jos. : Spanisii writer and pub- 
licist, 1730-1806. 

Clavius, Christopher : German Jesuit and mathe- 
matician, 1637-1612. 

Claxton, Alex. : Amer. naval officer, 1790-1841. 

Claxton (Clarkson), Lawr. : Eng. sectary, 1616-1667. 

Claxton, Marshall : Eng. liistoricai pntr., 1813-1881. 

Claxton, Thos. : American naval oflacer, -1813. 

Clay, Alf . Barron : Eng. historical pntr., 1831-1868. 

Clay, Cassius Marceilus : Amer. pol., 1810-1903. 

Clay, Ohas. : English surgeon, 1801-1893. 

Clay, Clem. Claiborne : Amer. senator, 1819-1882. 

Clay, Clem. Comer : Amer. statesman, 1789-1866. 

Clay, Edw. W. : Amer. caricaturist, 1792-1857. 

Clay, Fred. : Eng. music, and composer, 1838*-1889. 

Clay, Green : American soldier, 1757-1826, 

Clay, Hy. : American lawyer, 1811-1847. 

Clay, Hy. : Amer. statesm. and orator, 1777-1852. 

Clay, Jas. : English writer on whist, 1805-1873. 

Clay, Jas. Brown : American lawyer, 1817-1864. 

Clay, Jno. : Eng. prison chaplain, 1796-1858. 

Clay, Jno. Granby : British general, 1766-1846. 

Clay, Jos. : Amer. sold, and politician, 1741-1805. 

Clay, Jos. ; Amer. divine and lawyer, 1764-1811. 

Clay, Porter : American divine, 1779-1850. 

Clay, Su- Wm. : English politician, 1791-1869. 

Clay, Wm. Keatinge : Bng. div. and autiq., 1797-1867. 

Clayden, Pet. Wm. : English journalist and miscel- 
laneous writer, 1827-1902. 

Claymond, Jno. : Bng. div. and scholar, 1457*-1537. 

Claypoole (Claypole), Eliz. : 2nd daughter of Oliver 
Cromwell, 1629-1658. 

Claypoole, Jas. : pioneer in Pennsylvania, 1634-86. 

Claypoole (Claypole), Jno. : son-in-law of Oliver 
Cromwell, -1688. 

Clays, Paul Jean : Belgian artist, 1819-1900. 

Clayton, Augustine S. : Amer. jurist, 1783-1839. 

Clayton, Jno. : English botanist, 1693-1773. 

Clayton, Jno. : English divine, 1709-1773. 

Clayton, Jno. : English genre painter, 1728-1800. 

Clayton, Jno. : Eng. Independent min., 1754-1843. 

Clayton, Jno. : English architect, -1861. 

Clayton, Jno. : Eng. Dissenting min., 1780*-1866. 

Clayton, Jno. (J. A. Calthrop) : Eng. actor, 1843-1888. 

Clayton, Jno. Middleton : American jurist and poli- 
tician, 1796-1856. 

Clayton, Jno. Eich. : English painter on glass and 
artist in mosaic, 1827-1913. 

Clayton, Jno. Wm. : Eng. miscell. writer, 1833-1913. 

Clayton, .Tosh. : American physician, -1798. 

Clayton, Nioh. : Bng. Presbyt. divine, 1733«-1797. 

Clayton, Sir Oscar Moore Passey : English surgeon, 
1816-1892. 

Clayton, Powell : American brigadier-general and 
ambassador and Gov. of Arkansas, -1914. 

Clayton, Rich. : Dean of Peterborough, -1612. 

Clayton, Sir Rich. : Eng. translator, -1828. 

Clayton, Sir Rob. : Eng. merch. and pol., 1629-1707. 

Clayton, Bob. : Bishop of Oiogher, 1695-1768. 

Clayton, Thos. : Eng. mus. composer. 1670*-1730*. 

Clayton, Thos. : American senator, 1778-1854. 

Cleanthes(Kleanthes) : Grk. Stoic, B.o. 301 •-232 (262). 

Clearchus (Klearchos) : Spartan general and con- 
dottiere, -n.c. 401. 



126 



Cleasby, Sir Ant. : English judge, 1804-1879. 
Cleasby, Rich. : English philologist. 1797-1847. 
Cleaveland, Elisha Lord : Amer. div., 1806-186S. 
Cleaveland, Jno. : Amer. divine, 1722-1709. 
Cleaveland, Moses : American pioneer and general, 

1754-1806. 
Cleaveland, Nehemiah: Amer. educat., 1796-1877. 
Cleaveland, Parker : Amer. mineral., 1780-1858. 
Cleaver, Euseby : Aichbp. of Dublhi, 1746-1819. 
Cleaver, Wm. : Bishop of St. Asaph, 1742-1815. 
Cleburne, Pat. Ronayne : Amer. maj.-gto., 1828-64. 
Cleef, Hendrik van : Flem. lands, pntr., 1510*-1589. 
CleeJ, Jan van : Flemish reUgious painter, 1646-1716. 
Cleel, Joas ( Josse) van : Flem. painter, 1487-1529. 
Cleef, Mart, van : Flemish painter, 1501*-1551. 
Cleeve, Bourchier : Eng. wr. on finance, -1760. 
Clegg, Jas. : English Presbyterian minister and 

physician, 1679-1755. 
Clegg, Jno. ; Irish violinist, 1714*-1750*. 
Clegg, Sam. : Eng. inv. and gas engineer, 1781-1861. 
Cleghorn, Geo. : Scottish physician, 1716-1789. 
Cleghorn, Jas. : Scottish actuary, 1778-1838. 
Cleidemus (lUei(to)demos) : Grk. hist., fl. B.C. 415. 
Cleln (Cleyn), Fes. : German draughtsman in England, 

1590*-1658. 
Cleisthenes (Kleisthenes) ; tyrant of Sicyon, fl. 

B.C. 600-580. 
Cleistbenes (Kleisthenes): Athenian founder of 

ostracism, fl. B.C. 510. 
Cleitarchus : tyrant of Eretria, fl. B.C. 350. 
Cleitomachus (Kleitomachos) ; Greek philosopher, 

B.C. 185- 
Cleitns or Clitas : friend of Alexander the Great, 

-B.C. 328. 
Cleland, Jas. : Scottish statistician, 1770-1840. 
Cleland, Jno. : Scottish novelist, 1709-1789. 
Cleland, Thos. : American divine, 1778-1858. 
Cleland, Wm. : Scottish Covenanting colonel and 

poet, 1661*-1689. 
Cleland, Wm. : Scottish friend of Pope, 1674«-1741. 
Clemangis or Claminges, Matth. i<lich. : French 

theologian, 1360»-1440*. 
Clemenoet, Chaa : French Benedictine, 'L'Art de 

V6riflcation,' 1704-1778. 
Clemencin, Diego : Spanish statesman, scholar and 

writer, 1765-1834. 
Clemens non Papa ; See Clement, Jacques. 
Clemens Alexandrlnus, Titus Flavins ; Greek 

Church father, 150*-213*. 
Clemens, Jeremiah : American statesman, 1814-1865. 
Clemens, Sam. Langhome, ' Mark Twain * : American 

humorist and writer, ' Innocents Abroad,' * Tom 

Sawyer,' 1885-1910. 
Clement I. : Bishop of Rome, 30*-100. 
Clement II. : Pope (1046-7), -1047. 
Clement III. (Gnibert) : Antipope and Archbishop of 

Raveima, -1100. 
Clement m. : Pope (1187-91), -1191. 
Clement IV. (Guy de Foulques) : Pope (1266-8), 

-1268. 
Clement V. (Bertrand de Goth.) : Pope (1305-14), 

Clementine Code, 1264-1314. 
Clement VI. (Peter Roger) : Pope (1342-51), 

1292-1352. 
Clement VII. (Rob. of Geneva) : Antipope, 1342*-94. 
Clement VII. (Julius de Medici) : Pope (1523-34), 

-1584. 
Clement VIK. (Hlppolytus Aldobrandin) : Pope 

(1592-1605), 1535-1605. 
Clement IX. (Jul. RospigUosl) : Pope (1667-69), 

1600-1669. 
Clement X. (J. Bapt. Emlllus Altierl) : Pope (1670-6) 

1590-1676. 
Clement XI. (John Frs. Albani) : Pope (1700-21) 

1649-1721. 
Clement XIL (Lawrence Corsini) : Pope (1730-40) 

1652-1740. 
Clement XID. (Charles Rezzonlco) : Pope (1758- 

69), 1693-1769. 
Clement XIV. (John Vincent Ganganelli) : Pope 

(1769-74), 1705-1774. " 

Clement, of Alexandria : See Clemens Alexandrinus. 
Clement, of Gloucester : Eng. theol. wr., -1190* 
Clement, of Llanthony : See Clement, of Gloucester! 
Clement Scotus L ; Irish bishop, fl. 745. 
Clement Scotus 11. ; Irish grammarian, fl. 820 
Clement, Casar : English E.C. divine, -1626. 



CLEMENT 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



CLIFFORD 



Clement, Claude : Fr. Jesuit and antiq., 1594*-1642. 

Clement, Bav. : Hessian bibliographer, 1701-1760. 

Clement, Felix ; French musical composer and writer 
on music, historian and archaeologist, 1822-1885. 

Clement, Fran^. : French Benedictine and historian, 
' L'Art de Vfaiflcation,' 1714-1793. 

Clement, Franz : Austr. viol, and comp., 1780-1842. 

Clement, Greg. : English regicide, -1660. 

Clement, Jacques : Flemish musician and composer, 
1475*- 

Clement, Jacques : assassin of Henry III. of France, 
1567-1589. 

Clement, Jean Marie Bern. ; French critic and 
dramatist, 1742-1812. 

CUment, Jean Pierre : Fr. hist, and econ., 1809-1870. 

Clement, Joh. Geo, : Silesian musician and com- 
poser, 1710*- 

Clement (Clements), Jno. -. professor of Greek at 
Oxford, -1572. 

Clement, Julian : French accoucheur, 1650-1729. 

Clement, Enut Jungbohn : Dan. linguist, 1803-1873. 

Clement (Clements), Marg. : friend of Sir Thos. 
More, 1608-1570. 

Clement, Pet., of Geneva : poetical writer, 1707-1767. 

Clement, Wm. Innell ; English newspaper proprietor, 
-1852. 

Clement!, Bart. ; Italian sculptor, -1525. 

Clementi, Huzio : Italian-English musical composer 
and pianist, 1752*-1832. 

Clementi, Prospero ; Italian sculptor, 1500*-1584. 

Clementone, Bocciardi : Italian painter, 1620- 

Clements, Mich. : British naval captain, -1796*. 

Clenardus : See Cleynaerts. 

Clench, And. : English physician, -1692. 

Clench, Jno. : English judge, -1607. 

Clennell, Luke ; English painter and wood engraver, 
1781-1840. 

Cl6noeke(Clyi]LOg),Maur. : Welsh divine, -1580*. 

Cleobulus (Kleoboulos) : lyric poet, one of the Seven 
Sages, fl. B.C. 580-576. 

Oleombrotus I. : King of Sparta, -B.C. 371. 

Cleombrotus II. : King of Sparta, -B.C. 240. 

Cleomedes : Greek astronomer, ' Circular Tlieory,' fl. 
2nd century.* 

Cleomenes : Viceroy of Egypt, -B.C. 323. 

Cleomenes (Kleomenes) I.: Kg. of Sparta, -B.C. 491. 

Cleomenes II. : King of Sparta, -B.C. 309. 

Cleomenes III. : Spartan king (236-222) and re- 
former, -B.C. 220. 

Cleon : Athenian politician, -B.C. 422. 

Cleopatra : Queen of Egypt, B.C. 69-30. 

Cleophon (Kleophon) : Spartan pol., -B.C. 405. 

Cleostratus (Kleostratos) : Greek astronomer, fl. B.C. 
538-432. 

Clephane, Jno. : Scottish physician, -1758. 

Clere, ie : See Le Clerc. 

Clerc, Laurent : Amer. educationist, 1785-1869. 

Clerck, Chas. : Swedish entomologist, fl. 1750. 

Clercq van lever, Ezra de ; Dutch philol., fl. 18th cent. 

Clfaembault, Phil, de : Marshal of France, 1606-1666. 

Clerfagt, Franp. Seb. Karl Jos. von Croix, Count : 
Austrian field-marshal, 1733-1798. 

Clericus : See Le Clerc. 

CISrisseau, Chas. Louis ; French architectural 
draughtsman, 1721-1820. 

Clerk : See also Clark, Clarke and Clerke. 

Clerk, Sir Geo. : English statesman, 1787-1867. 

Clerk, Sir Geo. Russell : Auglo-Ind. civilian, 1800-89. 

Clerk, Hy., F.R.S. : British general and meteorolo- 
gist, 1821-1913. 

Clerk, Jno. : Bp. of Bath and Wells, -1641. 

Clerk, Jno. : English E .C. writer, -1552. 

Clerk, Sir Jno., of Penicuik : Scottish judge and 
antiquary, 1884-1766. 

Clerk, Jno., of Eldin : Scot. nav. tactician, 1728-1812. 

Clerk, Jno., Lord Eldin : Scottish judge, 1757-1832. 

Clerk, Josiah : English pliysician, 1 639-1714. 

Clerk, Matth. : Irish Preshyt. minister, 1669-1735. 

Clerk, Wm. : Eng. advocate and writer, -1665. 

Clerk-Maxwell, Sir Geo., of Penicuik : Scottish 
ofllcial, 1715-1784. 

Clerke : See also Clark, Clarke and Clerk. 

Clerke, Agnes Mary : Irish astronomer and writer on 
astronomy and astronomers. 1842-1907. 

Clerke, Bart. : English civilian, 1537*-1690. 

Clerke, Chas, : British naval captain and circum- 
navigator, 1741-1779. 



Clerke, Ellen Mary; Irish poet and miscellaneous 

writer, 1840-1906. 
Clerke (Clarke), Fes. : English civilian, fl. 1594. 
Clerke, Glib. ; English div. and mathem., 1626-1697*. 
Clerke, Hy. : English physician, -1687. 
Clerke, Rich. : Eng, divine and translator. -1634. 
Clerke, Thos. Hy. Shadwell : Irish military journal- 
ist, 1792-1849. 
Clerke, Wm. : Eng. miscellaneous writer, fl, 1595. 
Clerke, Sir Wm. Hy. : English rector of Bury, 

Lancashire, 1751-1818. 
Clermont, Louis de Bourbon-Cond6 : French soldier, 

1709-1771. 
Oleimont Tonncrre, Stanislaus Marie Adelaide, Count 

of : French politician and writer, 1757-1792. 
Clerselier, Claude : French metaphysician, 1614*-84. 
Clery, Mich. : See O'Clery. 
CISsinger : French sculptor, 1814-1883. 
Cletus : See Anacletus. 
Cleve, Jos. van : French sculptor, 1644-1733. 
Cleveland, Duchess of : See Villiers, Barbara. 
Cleveland, Duke of : See Vane, Wm. Hy. 
Cleveland, Earl of : See Wentworth, Thos. 
Cleveland, Aaron : American divine, 1715-1757. 
Cleveland, Aaron : American poet, 1744-1816. 
Cleveland, Aug. : Anglo-Indian civilian, 1755-178 i. 
Cleveland, Ben. : American soldier, 1738-1806, 
Cleveland, Chas. : American divine, 1772-1872. 
Cleveland, Chas. Dexter : Amer. educat., 1802-1869. 
Cleveland, Chauncey Fitch : American lawyer and 

statesman, 1799-1887. 
Cleveland, Hy. Russell : American author, 1809-1843. 
Cleveland, Hor. Wm. Shaler : American landscape 

gardener, 1814- 
Cleveland (Cleiveland). Jno. : English Cavalier poet 

and satirist, 1613-1658. 
Cleveland, Jno. Fitch : American journ., 1819-1876. 
Cleveland, Mason : Amer. State senator, -1855. 
Cleveland, Steph. : Amer. naval officer, 1740-1801. 
Cleveland, Steph. Grover : Amer. pres,, 1837-1908. 
Cleveley, Jno. : English marine painter, 1747-1786. 
Cleveley, Rob. : Eng, marine painter, 1747-1809. 
Clevenger, Shobal Vail : Amer. sculptor, 1812-1843. 
Cleverley, Sam. : English physician, -1824, 
Cleves, Anne of : See Anne, 
Cleworth, Thos. Ebenezer : English educationist and 

controversialist, 1864-1909, 
Cleyer, And. : German physician and bot,, fl. 1680. 
Cleyn : See Clein. 
Cleynaerts (Clenardus), Nic. : Flemish philologist and 

traveller, 1495-1543. 
Cleypole : See Claypoole (Claypole). 
Cliehtove, Josse van : Flem. theologian, -1643. 
Clicquot, Fran;. Hen. : Fr. organ builder, 1728-1791. 
Cliderhou, Rob. de : English justiciar, -1339*. 
Clifl, Hy.de; English judge. -1334. 
Clifford, Anne, Countess of Dorset : author and 

benefactor, 1690-1676, 
Clifford, Arth. ; English antiquary, 1778-1830. 
Clifford, Su: Aug. Wm. Jas. ; English Usher of the 

Black Rod, 1788-1877. 
Clifford, Sir Chas. : Eng.-N.Z. Speaker, 1813- 
Clifford, Sir Conyers ; Eng. mil. com., -1699. 
Clifford, Fred. : English journalist and legal writer, 

1828-1904. 
Clifford, Geo., 3rd Earl of Cumberland ; naval 

commander, 1558-1605. 
Clifford, Hy. de Clifford : 1st Baron Vesci, 1455*-1523. 
Clifford, Hy. de Clifford : 1st Earl of Cumberland, 

1493-1542. 
Clifford, Hy, de Siote : 2nd Earl of Cumberland, 

-1570, 
Clifford, Hy. : 5th Earl of Cumberland, 1591-1643. 
Clifford, Hy. ; English legal writer. 1768-1813. 
Clifford, Sir Hy, Hugh ; Brit. maj,-gen„ 1826-1883. 
Clifford, Hugh Chas. : 7th Lord Clifford of Chud- 

leigh, 1790-1858. 
Clifford, Jas. : Eng, divine and musician, 1622-1698. 
Clifford, Jno. de, 9th Bar. Clifford ; sold., 1435*-146] . 
Clifford, Jno. Hy. : Gov. of Massachusetts, 1809-76. 
Clifford, Marg. : Ctss. of Cumberland, 1660*-1616, 
Clifford, Mart. : English Master of the Charterhouse, 

-1677. 
Clifford, Nathan ; American jurist, 1803-1881. 
Clifford, Rich. ; Bishop of Worcester and of London, 

-1421. 
Clifford, Bob. : 6th Baron CHfford, 1273-1314. 



126 



CLIFFORD 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



CLUTTERBUCK 



Clifford, Roger dc : Eng. sold, and judge, -1285*. 

Clifford, Roger de ; 9th liOrd Clifford and 5th Baron 
Westmorland, 1333-1389. 

Clifford, Rosamund, ' Fair Rosamund ' : mistress of 
Henry II., -1176*. 

CliBord, Thos. de : 10th Lord CUfford, -1391*. 

OUflord, Thos. : 8th BaronC, Lancastrian, 1414-1455. 

Clifford, Thos.: 1st Lord CUfford of Chudleigh, 
1680-1673. 

Clifford, Walter de, of Corfham : benef., -1190*. 

Clifford, Wm. : English divine, -1670. 

Clifford, Wm. Zmgdon : Eng. mathera.. 1845-1879. 

Clilt, Wm., F.E.S. : English naturalist, 1775-1849. 

Clifton, Fes. : English medical writer, fl. 1736. 

Clifton, Jno. C. : Eng. musical composer, 1781-1841. 

Clifton, Rich. : Eng. Puritan divine, -1618. 

Clifton, Rob. Cox : Canon of Manchester, 1810-1861. 

Clifton, Wm. : American poet, 1772-1799. 

Climax, St. John, * The Scholastic ' : ascetic, mystic 
and writer, 525*-600. 

Clinch, Chas. Powell : American author, 1797-1880. 

Clinch, Duncan Lamont : Amer. general, 1787-1849. 

Clinchant, Justin : French soldier, 1820-1881. 

Cline, Hy. : English surgeon, 1750-1827. 

Cllngman, Thos. Lanier : Araer. senator, 1812-1897. 

Clint, Alt. : English marine painter, 1807-1883. 

Clint, Geo. : Eng. port. pntr. and engrav., 1770-1854. 

Clint, Scipio : Eng. medall. and seal engrav., 1805-39. 

Clinton, Alex. : American physician, fl. 1750. 

Clinton, Alex. : American physician, 1793-1878. 

Clinton, Chas. : Irish- American colonist and soldier, 
1690-1773. 

Clinton, Chas. : Amer. army surgeon, -1791. 

Clinton,Chas. Juo. Fynes : Eng.cla3s.schol. ,1799-1872. 

Clinton, De Witt : Amer. statesman, 1769-1828. 

Clinton, Edw. Fienpes de, 9th Lord Clinton and Saye : 
admiral. 1512-1585. 

Clinton, Geoffrey de : treasurer to Henry I., fl. 1130. 

Clinton, Geo. ; Amer. statesm. and gen. , 1739-1812. 

Clinton, Geo. : Colonial Gov. of New York, -1761. 

Clinton, Sir Hy. : British general, 1738*-1795. 

Clinton, Sir Hy., the Younger : Brit, gen., 1771-1829. 

Clinton, Hy. Fiennes : 2nd Duke of Newcastle- 
under-Lyme, 1720-1794. 

Clinton, Hy. Fynes : English chronologist and 
classical scholar, 1781-1852. 

Clinton, Hy. Pelham Fiennes Pelham : 4th Duke of 
Newcastle, 1785-1851. 

Clinton, Hy. Pelham Fiennes Pelham ; 5th Duke of 
Newcastle, 1811-1864. 

Clinton, Jas. : Amer. brigadier-general, 1736-1812. 

Clinton, J. J. : American M.E. bishop, 1820-1881. 

Clinton, Sir Wm. Hy. : British general, 1769-1846. 

Clipstone, Jno. : English divine, fl. 1378. 

Clissold, Aug. : English Swedenborgian, 1797*-1882. 

Clissold, Steph. : English writer on trade, 1790 '-ises. 

Clisson, Olivier de : French soldier and constable of 
France, 1336-1407. 

Clitherow, Sir Christopher : Eng. merch., -1641. 

Clltherow, Marg. : martyr of York, -1586. 
Clitomaehus : Greek philosoplier, fl. B.C. 146-129. 
Clitus (Kleitos) : preserver of Alexander the Great, 

-B.C. 328. 
Clitz, Hy. Boynton : American soldier, 1824-1889. 
Clitz, Jno. Melton Brady : Amer. rear-adm., 1821-97. 
Clive, Car. : English authoress, 1801-1873. 
Clive, Cath., ' Kitty Clive ' (nie Raftor) : Irish 

actress and vocalist, 1711-1785. 
Clive, Sir Edw. : English judge, 1704-1771. 
Clive, Edw., Earl of Powis : Governor of Madras 

1754-1839. 
Clive, Rob., 1st Baron : British statesman and 

Governor of Bengal, 1725-1774. 
Clobery, Rob. : See Glyn, Rob. 
Clocken, Pet. von der: Burgomaster of Cologne 

fl. 1451-1469. 
Clodlon : See also Michel. 
Clodion : King of Salic Franks, fl. 425. 
Clodius : See also Claudius. 

Clodius, Christ. Aug. : Germ, philologist, 1738-1784 
Clodius, Publius Pulcher : Roman pol., B.C. 93*-52 
Clodomir : King of the Franks, 495-524. 
Cloete, Su: Abr. Josias : S.-Afr.-Brlt. gen., 1794-1886 
Cloete, Wm. Brodrick : Soutri- African-English 

sportsman, 1851-1915. 
Clogie (Clogy), Alex. : Scottish biographer, 1614-1698 
Clonas ; poet and musician, fl. B.C. 620. 



127 



Cloncurry, Baron : See Lawless, Valentine Browne. 

Clonmell, Earl of : See Scott, Jno. 

ClontariL Viscount : See P^awson, Jno. 

Cloots, Jean Bapt. du Val du Gr4ce, ' Anacharsis 

Cloots ' : German- French revolutionist and enthui:i- 

ast, 1755-1794. 
Clopinel or John de Meung : Fr. poet, 1250*-131S*. 
Clopton, Sir Hugh : Ld. Mayor of London, -1496. 
Clopton, Walter de ; English judge, -1412. 

Cloquet,Germain Jules : Fr. physn.and wr., 1790-1882. 
Cloquet, Hipp. ; French physician and -writer on 

anatomy, 1787-1840. 
Clorevlire, Father ; Vend6an refugee to America, 

1768-1826. 
Close, Sir Barry : British major-general, -1813. 
Close, Fes. : Dean of Carlisle, 1797-1882. 
Close, Jno., ' Pnet Close ' : Eng. rhymster, 1816-1891. 
Close, Maxwell Hy. : Irish geologist, 1822-1903. 
Close, Nich. : Fellow of King's Coll., Camb.. -1452. 
Close, Thos. : English antiquary, 1796-1881. 
Closs, Adolf : German xylograplier, 1840-1894. 
Closse, Geo. : English divine, fl. 1585. 
Closse. Ralph Lamb. : Canadian soldier, 1620-1662. 
Closslus, Walther Fried. : Germ, philoi., 1796-1838. 
Clossy, Sam. ; Irish educationist, 1715*-1776. 
Glostermann, Joh. : German portrait painter in 

England, 1656-1713. 
Clot or Clot-Bey, Ant. Bart. : French physician in 

Egypt and medical writer, 1793-1868. 
Clotaire I., son of Clovis : King of France (511-61), 

497-561. 
Clotaire II., son of Chilperic : Kg. of France, 584*-629. 
Clotaire III. : King of France, 652-873*. 
Clotaire IV. : Khig of Austrasia, -719. 
Clotllde : wife of Ciovis, King of the Franks and saint, 

475-544. 
Clotworthy, Sir Jno. : 1st Ld. Massereene, -1665. 
Cloud or Clodoald, St. : grandson of Clovis, -560. 

Clouet, : Fr. chem. and metall., 1761-1801. 

Clouet, Alb. : Flemish engraver, fl. 1641-1675. 
Clouet, Franc. : Fr. portrait pamter, 1510-1572. 
Clouet, Jean; French portrait painter, -1540(1). 

Clouet, Pet., of Antwerp ; engraver. 1606-1668. 
Clough, Anne Jemima : English educationist and 

1st principal of Newnham College, 1820-1892. 
Clough, Arth. Hugh : English poet, 1819-1861. 
Clough, Geo. L. : American artist, 1824- 
Clough, Rich. : factor for Sir Thos. Gresham, 

-1570. 
Clouston, Sir Edw. : Canadian banker, 1860-1912. 
Clouston, Sir Thos. Smith : Scot, alienist, 1840-1915. 
Cloutt, Thos. : See Russell, Thos. 
Clover, Jos. : Eng. farrier and vet. surg., 1725-1811 . 
Clover, Lew. P. : American artist, 1819-1896. 
Clovio, Giorgio Giulio (Macedo) : Croatian-Italian 

miniature painter, 1498-1678. 
Clovis I. : King of the Franks, 465*-511. 
Clovis n. : King of France, 633-656. 
Clovis III. : King of France, 681-695. 
Clowes, Butler : English engraver and printseller, 

-1782. 
Clowes, Jno. : Eng. Swedenborgian div., 1743-1831. 
Clowes, Wm. : English surgeon, 1540'-1604. 
Clowes, Wm., the Younger : Eng. surg., 1582-1648. 
Clowes, Wm., the Elder : Eng. printer, 1779-1847. 
Clowes, Wm. : Eng. Primitive Methodist, 1780-1851. 
Clowes, Wm., the Younger : Eng. printer, 1807-83. 
Clowes, Sir Wm. Laird : English naval writer and 

historian, 1856-1905. 
Clowet : See Clouet. 

Clnbbe, Jno. : Eng. div. and satirist. 1703*-1773. 
Clubbe, Wm. : Eng. poet and translator, 1745-1814 
Cludius, Herm, Heimart : Germ, philoi., 1754-1835. 
Cluer, Jno. : Eng. music publisher, -1729*. 

Clulow, Wm. Benton : English Dissenting minister 

1802-1882. 
Clunie, Jno. : Scottish poet, 1757*-1819. 
Ciunies-Ross, Geo. : owner of Cocos or Keelin" 

Islands, 1842-1910. 
Cluseret, Gust. Paul : Fr. sold., Amer. gen and pol 

Garibaldian, Irish fenian, Fr. communist Swiss 

pntr.. Turkish gen. and Fr. reactionary pol., 1823- 

Ciusius or De L'Ecluse, Chas. : Dutch physician and 

botanist, 1526-1609. ' 

Clutterbuck, Hy. : Eng. medical writer, 1767-1856 
Clutterbuck, Rob. : Eng. topographer, 1772-1831. 



GLUTTON 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



COCKE 



Glutton, Hy. Hugh : English sui'geon and medical 

writer, 1860-1909. 
Clttver, Detlev : German geologist, -1708. 
Ciuverius (Cltiver or Cluwer), Phil. ; German geo- 
grapher and historian, 1580-1623. 
Clyde, Lord : See Campbell, Sir Colin. 
Clydfardd : Welsh Arohdruid, 1800-1894. 
Clyfle, Wm. : English divine, -1568. 
Clymer, Geo. : American signer of Declaration of 

Independence, 1739-1813. 
Cnaplns, Greg. ; Polish Jesuit and lexicographer, 

1564-1638. 
Cnlpping, Burchard : Dutch philologist, fl. 1670-1683. 
CnoWauch, Karl : Germ, bookseller, 1778-1834. 
Cnut : See Canute. 

Ooan, Sherwood : American singer, 1830-1874. 
Coan, Titus : Amer. miss, in Hawaii, 1801-1882. 
Coanacatzfn : 12th King of Texcoco, fl. 16th century. 
Coates, Chas. : English antiquary, 1746*-1813. 
Coates, Kob,, ' Bomeo Coates ' : West Indian actor 

in England, 1772-1848. 
Ooats, Sk Jas. : Scottish indust., 1834-1913. 
Coats, Thos. : Scottish thread manuf ., 1809-1883. 
Oohb, A. E. : English cricketer, -1886. 
Cobb, Carlos : American merchant, 1815-1877. 
Cobb, Dav. : American general, 1748-1839. 
Cobb, Geo. T. ; American congressman, 1813-1870. 
Cobb, Gerard Ecs. : English musician, song-writer 

and composer, 1838-1904. 
Cobb, Howell : American soldier, 1770*-1820. 
Cobb, Howell : American div. and lawyer, 1795- 
Cobb, Howell : American statesman, 1815-1868. 
Cobb, Jas. : English dramatic writer, 1 756-1818. 
Cobb, Jno. Beckham : American author, 1819-1858. 
Cobb, Jon. Holmes : American manuf., 1799-1882. 
Cobb, Lyman : American author, 1800*-1864. 
Cobb, Nath. B. ; American merchant, 1798-1834. 
Cobb, Sam. : Eng. trans, and versifier, 1676-1713. 
Cobb, Steph. Alonzo : American sena1x)ii, 1833-1878. 
Cobb, Sylvanus : American divine, 1799-1866. 
Cobb, Thos. E. E. : American lawyer, 1823-1862. 
Cobb, Thos. W. : American senator, 1784-1830. 
Cobbe, Chas. ; Archbishop of Dublin, 1687-1765. 
Cobbe, Frances Power: Irish philanthropist and 

religious writer, 1822-1904. 
Cobbett, Jas. : English cricketer, 1804-1842. 
Cobbett, Thos. : English divine and refugee to America, 

1608-1685. 
Cobbett, Wm., ■ Pet. Porcupine ' : English Journalist, 

essayist and politician, 1766-1835. 
Cobbin, Ingram : Eng. Independent rain., 1777-1851. 
Cobbold, Eliz. : BngUsh poet, 1767-1824. 
Cobbold, Jno. Spencer : English divine, 1768-1837. 
Cobbold, Eich. : English novelist. 1797-1877. 
Cobbold, Thos. Spencer, E.E.S. : Eng. sclent. , 1828-86. 
Cobbold, Wm. : English organist, 1560-1639. 
Cobbs, Nich. Hamner : American Protestant Episcopal 

Bishop of Alabama, 1796-1861. 
Cobden, Edw. ; English divine and poet, 1684-1764. 
Cobden, Eich. ; English statesman, 1804-1865. 
Cobentzel (Cobenzl), Joh. Karl Phil., Coimt von : 

Austrian diplomatist, 1712-1770. 
Cobentzel (Cobenzl), Joh. Ludw. Jos., Count von : 

Austrian statesman, 1753-1808. 
Cobentzel (Cobenzl), Joh. PhU., Count von : Austrian 

diplomatist,, 1741-1810. 
Cobet, Carel Qab. : Dutch class, scholar, 1813-1889. 
Cobham, Bar. : See Brooke,Hy.,and Oldcastle, Sir Jno. 
Cobham, Viscount : See Temple, Eichard. 
Cobham, Claude Delaval : English colonial ofiicial, 

writer on Cyprus and translator, 1842-1915. 
Cobham, Eleanor : Duchess of Gloucester, -1443*. 
Cobbam, Sir Hy. : English diplomatist, 1538-1605*. 
Cobham, Jno. de, 3rd Lord; Eng. warrior, -1408. 
Cobbam, Thos. de : Bishop of Worcester, -1327. 
Cobham, Thos. : English actor, 1786-1842. 
Cobos, Marcelino : Mexican bandit, 1825*-1860. 
Coburg, Fried. Joslas, Prince of Saxe- : Austrian 

general, 1737-1815. 
Cobuin, Abner : Governor of Maine, 1803-1886. 
Coburn, Chas. Eittenhou.se : American educationist, 

1809-1869. 
Coccelus, Heln. : German lawyer, 1644-1719. 
Coccelus, Johaimes : German] Hebraist and com- 
mentator, 1603-1669. 
Coccelus, Sam. : Prussian statesman, 1679-1755. 
Cocchi, Ant. ; Italian physn. and philol., 1695-1763. 



Cocehl, Gloachhino : Italian mus. comp., -1804*' 
Goccia, Carlo : Italian musical composer, 1782-1873. 
Coccia, Maria Eosa : Italian mus. comp., 1759- 
Coccio : See Sabellicus. 

Coccius, Ernst Adolf : German oculist, 1825-1890. 
Coccopani, Giov. ; Italian architect and engineer, 

1682-1649. 
Coccopani, Slgismund, of Florence ; painter and 

architect, 1588-1642. 
Coohery, Louis Ad. : French statesman, 1819-1900. 
Cochet, Jean Benolt D&ir6, Abb6 : French archae- 
ologist, 1812-1875. 
Cochin, Chas. Nloh. : French engraver and writer, 

1688-1764. 
Cochin, Chas. Nich. : French engraver, 1715-1790. 
Cochin, Hy. : French lawyer and divine, 1687-1747. 
Cocblaeus (Dobneck), Joh. : German Eoman 
Catholic controversialist and humanist, 1479-1552. 
Coehon de Lapparent, Chas., Comte de: French 

revolutionist, 1749-1825. 
Cochran, Jas. : American Inv. of cut nails, 1763-1846. 
Cochran, Jno. : American surgeon, 1730-1807. 

Cochran, Jno. ; American lawyer, 1813-1898. 

Cochran, Jno. Webster: American inventor of sewing 
machinery, 1814- 

Cochran, Wm. : Scottish portrait pntr., 1738-1785. 

Cochian-Patrlck, Eob. Wm. : English statesman 
and numismatist, 1842-1897. 

Cochrane, Sir Alex. Forrester Inglis ; British ad- 
miral, 1758-1832. 

Cochrane, Arch., 9th Earl of Dundonald: scientific 
writer, 1749-1831. 

Cochrane, Clark B. ; American lawyer, 1817-1867. 

Cochrane, Sir Jas. : Canadian Chief Justice In 
Gibraltar, 1798-1883. 

Cochrane, Sir Jno. : Scottish soldier and diplomatist, 
-1657. 

Cochrane, Shr Jno., of Ochiltree: Scot, consp., -1695*. 

Cochrane, Jno. Dundas : Scottish trav., 1780-1825. 

Cochrane, Jno. Geo. : Scottish bibliog., 1781-1852. 

Cochrane, Eob., Earl of Mar : Scottish architect and 
courtier, -1482. 

Cochrane, Thos., 10th Earl of Dundonald : admiral, 
1775-1860. 

Cochrane, Sir Thos. Jno. : British admiral, 1789-1872. 

Cochrane, Sir William, of Cowden : 1st Earl of Dun- 
donald, -1686. 

Cochiane-Baillle, Alex. Dundas Eoss Wishart, 
Baron Lamington : English politician and mis- 
cellaneous writer, 1816-1890. 

Co-Cheou-king : Chinese astronomer, fl. 1200*. 

Cock, Edw. : English surgeon, 1805-1892. 

Cock, Geo. : English military commander, -1679. 

Cock, Jerome : Flemish painter, 1510*-1670. 

Cock, Julia Anne Hornblower: English physician 
and medical writer, 1860-1914. 

Cock, Matth., of Antwerp : pamter, 1500*-1654. 

Cock, Thos. : American physician, 1782-1869. 

Cockaln : See Cockayne and Cokayne. 

Cockayne, Geo. Edw. : Eng. geneal., 1825-1911. 

Cockayne, Thos. Oswald : Eng. philologist, 1807-73. 

Cockayne, Wm. : English astronomer, 1717-1798. 

Cockburn, Adam : Lord Justice Clerk. 1656-1735. 

Cockburn, Sir Alex. Jas. Edm. : Lord Chief Justice 
of England, 1802-1880. 

Cockburn, Alicia (Alison) : Scottish authoress and 
poetess, 1713-1794. 

Cockburn, Arch. : English divine, fl. 1722. 

Cockburn, Cath. : English dramatist and philo- 
sophical writer, 1679-1749. 

Cockburn, Sir Geo. : British general and pamphleteer, 
1763-1847. 

Cockburn, Sir Geo. : British admiral, 1772-1853. 

Cockburn, Hy. Thos., Ld. : Scot, judge, 1779-1854. 

Cockburn, Jas. : British colonel, fi. 1783. 

Cockburn, Jas. Pattison : British major-general. 
E.E., 1779*-1847. 

Cockburn, Jas. : Canadian statesman, 1819-1883. 

Cockburn, Jno. : Scottish divine, 1652-1729. 

Cockburn, Pat. : Scottish divine, 1678-1749. 

Cockburn, Wm. (Piers) : Border freebooter, -1529. 

Cockburn, Wm. : Scottish physician, 1669-1739. 

Cockburn, Sir Wm. : Brit, lieut.-gen., 1768-1836. 

Cooke, Jno. : American soldier, 1772-1854. 

Cooke, Jno. Hartwell : American temperance ad- 
vocate, 1780-1866. 

Cocke, Phil. St. Geo. : Amer. brig.-gen., 1808-1861. 



128 



COCKE 



DICTIONARY OP UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



COKE 



Cooke, Wm. : American senator, 1740*- 

Cooker, Bdw. : English aritlinietician, 1631-1675. 

Cockeram, Hy. ; autbnr of first Engli^Ii dictionary, 

fl. 1660. 
Oockerell, Olias. Rob., E.A. : Eng. arclit., 1788-1863. 
Cookerell, Fred. Pepys : Eng. archt., 1833-1878, 
Cockerell, Sam. Pepys : Eng. archt., 1764-1827. 
Cockerill, Wm. : English- French inventor, 1759-1832, 
Cockln, Wm, : English author, 1736-1801, 
Cocking, Wm, Tusting : English professor of medicine 

and medical writer, 1862-1912, 
Cookings, Geo, : English poet, -1802, 
Cockls, Jno, : See Ck>ze, Jno, 
Cockle, Sir Jas,, P,B,S, : English Chief Justice of 

Queensland and mathematician, 1819-1895. 
Coekman, Thos. ; English philologist, fi, 1696. 
Cocks, Arth. Herb. : Anglo-Ind. official, 1819-1881. 
Cocks, Jioger : Englisli divine and autlior, fl. 1635. 
Cockshut, Jno. : English collector of porcelain, 

1837-1912. 
Cockson, Thos, : English engraver, fl, 1609-1636, 
Cockton, Hy, : Eng, humorous novelist, 1807-1853, 
Gockx : See Coques, 

Cocquard, Arth. : Fr. musical composer, -1910, 
Coda, Benedict ; Ferrarese painter, 1460*-1520*, 
Codazzi, Agostine : Italian engineer, 1792-1859. 
Codding, Ichabod : American divine, 1811-1866. 
Coddington, Hy. : Eng. mathematician, -1845. 
Coddington, Wm. : Gov. of Rhode Island, 1601-1678, 
Codinus, Georgius (Curopalates) : Greek compiler, 

-after 1463, 
Codman, Jno, : American divine, 1782-1847, 
Codman, Jno. ; American captain, mercantile marine, 

1814- 
Codomannus : See Darius. 
Codoury, Abul Hossein Ahmed : Mohammedan 

doctor, 977(8)-1036(7), 
Codratus : Grk, physn., saint and martyr, -268*, 
Codret, Annibal : Savoyard grammarian, 1525-1599. 
Codrington, Christopher : English scholar, benefactor, 

soldier and colonial governor, 1668-1710. 
Codrington, Sir Bdw. : British admiral, 1770-1851. 
Codrington, Sir Hy. Jno. ; British admiral, 1808- 

1877. 
Codrington, Rob. : English miscellaneous writer and 

translator, -1665. 

Codrington, Thos. : Eng. R.C. divine, -1691*. 
Codrington, Sir Wm. Jno. : British general, 1804- 

1884. 
Codrus : King of Athens, fl. B.C. 1068. 
Cody, Sam. Frankim : American-English aeronaut 

and scout, 1861-1913. 
Coeck or Koeck, Pet., or Van Aelst : Flemish 

painter, 1500-1660, 
Coecklberghe-Diitzele, Gerhard Rob, Walter von, 

' Realis ' : Austrian writer, 1786-1857, 
CoeHeteau, Mch. : French Dominican Bishop of Mar- 
seilles, poet, hist, and trans, of Florus, 1574-1623, 
Coehorn or Cohorn, Menno, Baron van : Dutch 

engineer and soldier, 1641-1704. 
GoBlestlus, Heresiarch : partisan of Pelagius, -431*. 
Coelho, Trinidade : Portuguese judge, educationist 

and novelist, 1861-1908, 
Coello, Alonzo Sanchez : Spanish painter, 1515-1590, 
Coello, Claudio : Spanish painter, 1621-1693. 
Coelmans, Jas. : engraver of Antwerp, 1670*-1735, 
Coeln, Wilh, von, ' Meister Wilhelm ' : German 

painter, fl. 1370, 
Coemgen, St, : ' St, Kevin,' of Gleudalough, 498-618, 
Coon, Jan Pieterszoon : Governor-General of Dutch 

Bast Indies, 1587-1630, 
Coenen, Joliannes Meinardus : Dutch musician and 

composer, 1824-1899, 
Coenred (Cenred) : King of Mercia, fl, 704-709, 
Coenwulf : King of Mercia, -821, 
Coetier, Willera : Dutch professor of liistory and 

rhetoric, 1627-1723. 
Coetivy, PrSgnent de : adm. of France, 14ao*-1450, 
Coetlogon, Chas. Edw. : Eng, divine, 1746*-1820. 
Coeur, Jacques : French merchant and trading 

pioneer, 1395*-1456, 
Coftee, Jno, : Amer, brigadier-general, 1772-1834. 
Cofley, Chas. : Irish drain,atist, -1745, 

Coffin (Hatton), Edw, : English Jesuit, 1571-1626, 
Coffin, Sir Edw, Pine : English commissary general, 

1784-1862, 
Coffin, Sir Isaac : British admiral, 1759-1839, 



Coffin, Sir Isaac Campbell : Anglo-Indian general, 

1800-1872. 
Coffin, Jas. Hy. : Amer. meteorologist, 1806-1873, 
Coffin, Jno. : American Loyalist, 1766-1838. 
Coffin, Jno. Huntington Crane : American mathe- 
matician, 1815-1890, 
Coffin, Jno, Pine : Lieutenant-Governor of St. 

Helena, 1778-1830, 
Coffin, Josh, : American antiquary, 1792-1864. 
Coffin, Levi : American philantliropist, 1798-1877. 
Coffin, Nath, : American physician, 1744-1826, 
Coffin, Rob, Alien : Amer. educationist, 1801-1878, 
Coffin, Rob. Aston : R.C. Bishop of Southwark, 

1819-86. 
Coffin, Rob. Barry : American author, 1826-1886. 
Coffin, Pvob. Stevenson ; American poet, 1797-1827. 
Coffin, Sir Thos, Aston ; Amer, Loyalist, 1754-1810, 
Coffin, Tira, Gardner : American lawyer, 1788-1854, 
Coffin, Tristram : Eng, colonist in America, 1605-81, 
Coffin, Wm. Foster : Canadian commissioner and 

lieutenant-colonel, 1808-1878, 
Cogan, Eliezer : Eng, scholar and divine, 1762-1855. 
Cogan, Phil . : Irish organist and composer, 1750-1834. 
Cogan, Thos. : English medical writer, 1545*-1607. 
Cogan, Thos. : Eng. physn. and philos., 1736-1818. 
Cogan, Wm. : English philanthropist, -1774, 

Coggeshall, Geo. : American sailor, 1784- 
Coggeshall, Hy. : Eng. mathematician, 1623-1690. 
Coggesball, Ralph de : EngUsh abbot and chronicler, 

fl. 1207-1218. 
Coggeshall, Wm. Turner : American journalist, 1824- 

1867. 
Coghlll, Annie L. (n^ Walker) : English-Canadian 

poet and novelist, -1907. 
CogUan, Chas. Fes. : Irish-Amer. actor, 1841-1899. 
Coghlan, Jeremiah ; Eng. nav. captain, 1775*-1844. 
Cogniet, Lfon : French painter, 1794^1880. 
Cognolato, Gaetano : Ital. phUologist, 1728-1802. 
Cogswell, Jon. : American divine, 1782-1864. 
Cogswell, Jos. Green : Amer. bibliog., 1786-1871. 
Cogswell, Mason Fitch : Amer. physician, 1761-1830. 
Cogswell, Mason Fitch : Amer. physn., 1807-1865. 
Cogswell, Milton : American soldier, 1825-1882. 
Cogswell, Nath. : American general, 1773-1813. 
Cogswell, Thos. ; American soldier, 1746-1810. 
Cogswell, Wm. : Amer, army surgeon, 1760-1831. 
Cogswell, Wm. : American divine, 1787-1850. 
Cohausen, Joh. Hein, : Germ, physn., 1665-1750. 
Cohausen, Karl Aug, von : German ,soldier and 

archaeologist, 1812-1894. 
Cohen, Arth, : English jurist, 1830-1914. 
Cohen, Edw. : Australian politician, 1822-1877. 
Cohen, Hy. Eman. ; Australian judge, 1840-1912. 
Cohen, Jules Emile Dav, ; French musician and 

composer, 1835-1901. 
Cohen- Atthar, Abulmeny ben A. N. I. H, : physician, 

fl. 1150*. 
Cohn, Ferd, Jul. : German botanist, 1828-1898. 
Cohnheim, Jul, : German, pathologist, 1839-1884. 
Cohorn, Memnon, Bar, : Dutch engin,, 1632(41)-1704, 
Coictiei or Coitier, Jacques : physician to Louis XI. 

of France, -1605*. 
Coignae, Joachim de : French poet, 1520*-1580*. 
Coignet, Giles, • Giles of Antwerp ' : Flemish painter, 

1530-1600. 
Coignet, Matth. : French diplomatist, 1514-1686. 
Coigny, Franp. de Franquetot, Duke of : marshal of 

France, 1670-1759. 
Coigny, Marie Frang. H. de Franquetot, Duke of : 

marshal of France, 1737-1821. 
Coillard, Frang.: French-Scottish missionary in Africa 

1834-1904. 
Coimhia, Ped., Duke of : Span, adm., 1392-1449. 
Cointe, Chas. le : Fr. eccles, historian, 1611-1681. 
Coit, Jos. Howland : American professor of mathe- 
matics, fl. 1865. 
Coit, Thos, Winthrop : Amer. divine, 1803-1885, 
Coiter, Volcher : anat. at Groningen, 1534-1576*. 
Cok, Jno, : brother of St. Bartholomew's Hospital. 

]392*-1467*. ' 

Cokayne, Sir Aston : English poet, 1608-1684. 
Cokayne, Geo. : Eng. Indep. minister, 1619-1691. 
Cokayne, Sir Jno. : English judge, -1438 
Cokayne, Sir Thos. : Eng. huntmaster, 1519*-1592 
Cokayne, Thos. : Eng. lexicographer, 1587-1638. 
Cokayne, Sir Wm, : Ld. Mayor of London, -1626 
Coke, Dan, Parker: English politician, 1745-1825. 



129 



COKE 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



COLIGNON 



Coke, Sir Bdw. : Lord Chief Justice of England, 
1662-1634. 

Colse (Cooke), Geo. : Bp. of Hereford, -1646. 

Coke, Jeremiah : See Brandreth, Jeremiah. 

Colte, Sir Jno. : Bng. Secretary of State, 1563-1644. 

Coke, Jno. Talbot : British general and genealogist, 
1841-1912. 

Coke, Roger : English political writer, fl. 1696. 

Coke, Thos. : English divine and founder of Wesleyan 
missions, 1747-1814. 

Coke, Thos. Wm., of Holkham : Earl of Leicester, 
1762-1842. 

Coke, Thos. Wra., 2nd Earl of Leicester : English 
agriculturist, 1822-1909. 

Coker, Jno. : English antiquary, -1635*. 

Cola deir Amattlce : Ital. pntr. and archt., fl. 1525-42. 

Cola, Gennaro di : NeapoUtan pahiter, 1320-1370*. 

Colantonio, Marzio di : Ital. painter, 1662-1701. 

Colardeau, Chas. Pet. : French poet, 1782-1766. 

Colas di RIenzi : See Bienzi. 

Colasse, Paxal : Fr. music, and comp., 1649-1709. 

Colautti, Arturo : Dalmatian-Italian poet and jour- 
nalist, 1852-1914. 

Colbatch, Sir Jno. : Eng. med. writer, -1729. 

Colbatch, Jno. : Eng. wr. and theol., 1664-1748. 

Colbert, Jean Bapt. : French financier and states- 
man, 1619-1683. 

Colbert, Jean Baptist, Marquis de Tore! : French 
Minister of Marine, 1665-1746. 

Colbert de Crolssy, Chas., Marquis ; French diploma- 
tist, 1625-1696. 

Colborne, Sir Jno., Baron Seaton : British fleld- 
raarshal and Gov.-Gen. of Canada, 1778-1863. 

Colbran, Isabella Angela : Span, voc, 1785-1845. 

Colburn, Hy. : English publisher, -1855. 

Colburn, Jeremiah; Amer. numismatist, 1815-1891. 

Colburn, Warren : Amer. educationist, 1793-1S33. 

Colburn, Zerah : American mathematical prodigy, 
1804-1840. 

Colburn, Zerah : American engineer, 1832-1870. 

Colby, Ant. : Gov. of New Hampshire, 1792-1873. 

Colby, Chas. Currell : Canad. statesm., -1907. 

Colby, Chas. Galusha : Amer. editor, 1830-1866. 

Colby, Gardner ; Amer. philanthropist, 1810-1879. 

Colby, Thos. Fred. : British major-general and 
director of ordnance survey, 1784-1852. 

Colehester, Baron ; See Abbot, Chas. 

Colchu, St. : prelectar of Clonmacnoise, -792. 

ColeloDgh, Jno. Hy. : Irish rebel, 1769-1798. 

Colcuf: Araucanian cacique of Angol, 1555-1589. 

Colden, Cadwallad'er ; Scottish-American physician, 
Lieutenant-Governor of New York and botanist, 
1688-1776. 

Colden, Oadwallader Dav. : Amer. lawyer, 1769-1834. 

Coldingham, Geof . de : historian of Durham, fl. 1214. 

Coldock, Fes.: Eng. stationer and printer, 1530-1602, 

Coldstream, Jno. : Scottish physician, 1806-1863. 

Coldwell, Jno. : Bishop of Salisbury, -1596. 

Cole, Abdlah : English physician, 1610*-1670*. 

Cole, Azel Dow : American educationist, 1818-85. 

Cole, Belle : American-English vocalist, -1905. 

Cole, Blanche (Mrs. Naylor) : Eng. voc, 1851-1888. 

Cole, Chas. Nalson : Eng. legal antiq., 1723-1804. 

Cole, Su: Christ. : English naval officer, 1770-1837. 

Colo, Sir Galbraith Lo'wry : Brit, general, 1772-1842. 

Cole, Geo. : Eng. animal and lands, pntr., 1810-1883. 

Cole, Geo. Vicat, K.A. : English landscape painter, 
1833-1893. 

Cole, Geo. Ward : Australian politician, 1793-1879. 

Cole, Hy. : Dean of St. Paul's and Roman Catholic 
controversialist, 1500*-1580. 

Cole, Sir Hy. : English Civil servant, 1808-1882. 

Cole, Humfray : English engraver, fl. 1570-1580. 

Cole, Jno. : Eng. bookseller and antiq., 1792-1848. 

Cole, Sir Ralph : Eng. amateur artist, 1625*-1704. 

Cole, Susanna : English vocalist, 1830-1913. 

Cole, Thos. : English divine, -1571. 

Cole, Thos. : English Independent min., 1627*-1697. 

Cole, Thos. : Eng.-Amer. lands, painter, 1801-1848. 

Cole, Wm. : President of Corpus Christi College, 
Oxford, -1600. 

Cole, Sir Wm. : Provost of Enniskillen, -1663. 

Cole, Wm. : English herbalist, 1626-1662. 

Cole, Wm. : English naturalist, -1701. 

Cole, Wm. : English medical writer, 1636-1716. 

Cole, Wm. : the Cambridge antiquarv, 1714-1782. 

Cole, Wm. : Bng. classical scholar, 1763-1806. 



Cole, Wm. : Bng. miscellaneous writer, 1754-1812. 
Coiebrooke, Hy. Thos. : Eng. Orientalist, 1765-1837. 
Colebrooke, Sir Wm. MacBean Geo. : British general, 

1787-1870. 
Colechurch, Pet, de ; architect of Old London Bridge, 

-1205. 
Coleman, Chas. ^ Eng. music, and comp,, -1664, 
Coleman, Bdw, : Eng, music, and comp., -1669. 
Coleman, Edw. : English conspirator, -1678. 
Coleman, Enrico : Italian painter, 1846-1911. 
Coleman, Jno. : American editor, 1803-1869. 
Coleman, Lew. Miner : Amer. educat., 1827-1863. 
Coleman, Lyman : American author, 179B-1882. 
Coleman, Obed M, ; American inventor of automata, 

1817-1845, 
Coleman, Thos, : English divine, 1598-1647, 
Coleman, Walter : See Colman, 
Coleman, Wm, : American journalist, 1766-1829. 
Coleman, Wm, Higgins : Eng. botanist, -1863, 
Coleman, Wm, Steph, : English book illustrator and 

painter, 1829-1904. 
Colenso, Jno, Wm, : Bishop of Natal, 1814-1883. 
Colenson, Wm. : English printer in New Zealand, 

naturalist and antiquary, 1811-1899. 
Golepeper : See ak;o Cuipeper. 

Colepeper, Jno., 1st Lord Colepeper : pol., -1660. 
Colepeper, Thos. : British colonel, 1637-1708. 
Golepeper, Wm. : Eng. poet and politician, -1726. 
Color, Christoph : Germ. prof, of history, -1604. 
Coieraine, Lords : See Hanger and Hare. 
Coleridge, Derwent : English author, 1800-1883. 
Coleridge, Hartley : English man of letters and poet, 

1796-1849. 
Coleridge, Hy. Jas. : Eng. Cath. divine, 1822-1893. 
Coleridge, Hy. Nelson : English author, 1798-1843. 
Coleridge, Herb. : English philologist, 1830-1861. 
Coleridge, Jas. Duke : English divine, 1788-1867. 
Coleridge, Jno. : father of S. T. Coleridge, 1719-1781. 
Coleridge, Jno. Duke, F.R.S,, Lord : English Lord 

Chief Justice, 1820-1894, 
Coleridge, Sir Jno, Taylor : English judge, 1790-1876, 
Coleridge, Mary Eliz, : English poet, novelist and 

essayist, 1861-1907. 
Coleridge, Sam. Tavlor : English metaphysician and 

poet, ' The Ancient Mariner,' ' Chrlstabel,' etc., 

1772-1834. 
Coleridge, Sara : Eng. trans, and writer, 1802-1862. 
Coleridge, Wm, Hart : Bp, of Barbados, 1789-1849, 
Coleridge-Taylor, Sam, : Negro-Enslish musical 

composer, 1875-1912, 
Coles, Abr, : American author, 1813-1891, 
Coles, Cowper Phipps : Brit, nav. capt,, 1819-1870. 
Coles, Edw. : Governor of Illinois, 1786-1868, 
Coles, Elisha : Calvinist steward of Magdalen 

College, Oxford, 1608«-1688, 
Coles, Elisha : English lexicographer and steno- 
grapher, 1640«-1680. 
Coles, Gilbert : English divine, 1617-1676. 
Coles, Sir Jenkin ; Australian Speaker of House of 

Assembly, 1842-1911. 
Coles (Cole), Jno. ; English translator, fl. 1650. 
Colosworthy, Dan. Clem, : Amer, publisher, 1810-93. 
Colet, Sir Hy. : Lord Mayor of London, -1505. 
Colet, Jno. : Dean of St. Paul's and founder of St. 

Paul's School, 1467»-1619. 
Colet, Louise {nii Revoil) : French poetess and 

novelist, 1810-1876. 
Coletl, Nic. : Venet. ecclesiastical antiq., 1680*-1765. 
Colette, St. : French monastic reformer, 1380-1446. 
Coley, Hy. : Eng. mathem. and astrol., 1633-1695*. 
Colfax, Schuyler : American statesman, 1823-1885. 
Colle (Calf), Abr. : English divine, 1580-1657, 
Colfe, Isaac : English divine, 1560*-1697. 
Colgsn, Jno.: Irish hagiographer, -1657*. 
Colgate, Sam. : American manufacturer, 1822- 
Colgate, Wm. : American manufacturer, 1783- 
Colhoun, Edm. Ross : Amer. rear-adm., 1821-1897. 
Colhoun, Jno. : American naval officer, 1802-1872. 
Coll, Giov. : Italian fresco pahiter, 1634-1681. 
Colignl, Gasp, de : marshal of France, -1522. 
Collgnl, Gaspard de : French admiral and Huguenot 

leader, 1619-1572. 
CoIIgnl, Gasp, de ; marshal of France, 1584-1646. 
Colignl, Henrietta, Countess de la Suze : French 

poetess, 1618-1673. 
Collgnl, Odetde ^ French cardinal, 1515-1571. 
Collgnon, Fes. : French engraver, 1621*-1671. 



130 



COLIGNY 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



COLMAN 



Coligny : See Coligni. 

Colin, Alex. : Flemish sculptor, 1521-1612. 

Colin, Gust. : French painter, 1828-1910. 

ColinsBus or Coiines, Simon : printer at Paris, 

-1646(7). 
Colins, Alex. : German sculptor, 1526*-1612. 
Cnliston, Lord ; See Foulis, Sir Jas. 
CoUa, Guiseppe : Ital. music, and comp., 1730*-1806. 
Collado, Diego : Span. miss, in the East, -1638. 
Colladon, Jean Dan. : Swiss civil engineer, 1802-93. 
CoUaert, Adrian : engraver and printseller of 

Antwerp, I520*-1567. 
Collaert, Hans : Flemish designer and engraver, 

1546»- 
Collamer, Jac. : American senator, 1791-1865. 
CoIIanges, Gab. de : Fr. wr., ' Polygraphy," 1521-1572. 
CoUard, Fred. Wm. : English pianoforte manu- 
facturer, 1772-1860. 
Collatinus, L. Tarq. ; Roman Consul, fl. B.o. 509. 
CoU6, Chas. : Fr. dram, and song wr., 1709-1783. 
CoUe, Jno. : ItaUan medical writer, 1558-1630. 
Colle, Ba&aellino del : Italian painter, 1490-1530. 
Colledge, Thos. Richardson : English physician in 

Chma. 1796-1879. 
College, Steph., 'The Protestant Joiner': English 

pamphleteer, 1636*-1681. 
CoUenuccio, Fandolfo : Italian historian, -1504. 
Colleone, Bart. ; Venetian generalissimo, 1400-1475. 
Colleoni, Jerome : painter of Bergamo, fl. 1556. 
Collerye, Bog. de : French poet, 1460*- post 1536. 
Colles, Abr. : English surgeon, 1773-1843. 
Colle,s, Christ. : American engineer, 1738*-1821. 
Collet, Jacobina Camilla {nie Wergeland) : Nor- 
wegian traveller and miscell. writer, 1812-1895. 
Collet, Jno. : Eng. humorous painter, 1725*-1780. 
Collet, Pet. : Fr. controversial divine, 1693-1770. 
CoUet, Phillbert : French writer, 1643-1718. 
Colletet, Guill. : French poet, 1598-1659. 
Colleton, Jas. : Col. Gov. of S. Carolina, fl. 1685. 
Colleton, Jno. : English K.C. divine, 1548-1635. 
Collett, Sir Hy. : Anglo-Ind. off. and bot., 1836-1901. 
Collett, Rob. : Norwegian zoologist, 1842-1913. 
Colletta, Pietro : Ital. hist, and gen., 1775-1831. 
Colley, Sir Geo. Pomeroy : British general and 

Governor of Natal, 1835-1881. 
Colley, Jno. : English theological writer, fl. 1440. 
Colley, Rich., Marquis of Wellesley ; Governor- 

Oeneral of India, 1760-1842. 
CoUey, Thos. : English spnitualist, -1912. 
Coluber, Sam. : English author, fl. 1718-1737. 
Collier, Arth. : English metaphysician, 1680-1732. 
Collier, Sh: Fes. Aug. : Brit, rear-adm., 1783*-1849. 
Collier, Sir Geo. : British vice-admiral, 1738-1795. 
Collier, Giles : English divme, 1622-1678. 
Collier, Hy. Watkins : American jurist, 1801-1855. 
Collier, Jas. : American lawyer, 1789-1873. 
Collier, Jeremy : Eng. Nonjuring bishop, 1650-1726. 
Collier, Joel, 'George Veal' : English musician, fl. 

1774-1818. 
Collier, Jno., ' Tim Bobbm ' : English author and 

painter, 1708-1786. 
Collier, Jno. A. : American jurist, 1787-1873. 
Collier, John Payne : English Shakspearean critic. 

1789-1883. 
Collier, Jos. Avery : American divine, 1828-1864. 
Collier, Pet. Fenelon : Anier. publisher, 1852-1909. 
Collier, Price : Amer. miscellaneous wr., 1860-1913. 
Collier, Rob. Porrett, Lord Monkswell : iudee, 

1817-1886. * 

Collier, Thos. : Eng. Baptist minister, fl. 1691. 
Collier, Wm, : American divine, 1771-1843. 
Coilignon, Cath. ; English translator, 1755-1832. 
Collignon, Chas. : English anatomist, 1725-1785. 
Collin, Hein. de : German poet, 1772-1811. 
Collin, Hein. Jos. : German medical writer, 1731-84. 
Collin, Hem. Jos. von : Austrian poet and dramatist, 

1771-1811. 
Collin d'Harleville, Jean Fran?, : French dramatist 

and comic poet, 1755-1806. 
Collin de Plancy, Jacques : French controversialist. 

1793- 
Colling, Chas. : English stockbreeder, 1751-1836. 
Colling, Rob. : English stockbreeder, 1749-1820. 
Collinses, Jno. ; Bug. Presbyterian divine. 1623-1600. 
Colllngridge, Pet. Bernardine : English Roman 

Catholic Bishop of Thespise, 1757-1829. 
OoUlngs, Sam. : Eng. pntr. and carloat., fl. 1780-90*. 



Collington : See Colleton. 

Coliingwood, Cuthbert, Bar. : Brit, adm., 1750-1810. 

Collingwood, Cuthbert : English naturalist and 

religious writer, 1826-1908. 
Coliingwood, Geo. : Eng. Jacobite, -1716. 

Collingwood, Roger : Eng. mathematician, fl. 1513. 
Collins, Ant. : English deist, 1678-1729. 
Collins, Arth. : English author of tlie ' Peerage,' 

1690*-1760. 
Collins, Su- Arth. : Anglo-Ind. judge, 1834-1915. 
Collins, Chas, : American educationist, 1813-1875. 
Coliins,Chas. Allston: Eng. pnr. and auth,, 1828-1 873. 
Collins, Chas. Jas.: Eng. journ. andnov., 1820-1864. 
Collins, Dav. : Brit. Iti-ool. and col. gov., 1756-1810. 
Collins, Edw. K. : Amer. shipowner, 1802-1878. 
Collins, Bliz. Ballinger : American Quaker minister, 

1755-1831. 
Collins, Geo. C. : American merchant, 1810-1875. 
Collins, Greenvile : British naval captain and 

hydrographer, fl. 1679-1693. 
Collins, Hercules : Eng. Baptist minister, -1702. 

Collins, Isaac : American publisher, 1746-1817. 
Collins, John: English professor of physic at Cam- 
bridge, -1634. 
Collins, Jno., F.R.S. : Eng. mathem., 1625-1683. 
Collins, Jno. : Eng. Congregational min., 1632*-16S7. 
Collins, Jno. : Eng. landscape painter, 1725*-1759*. 
Collins, Jno. : Gov. of Rhode Island, 1717-1795. 
Collins, Jno.: Eng. Shakspearean schol., 1741-1797. 
Collins, Jno. : Anglo-Indian soldier, -1807. 
Collins, Jno. : English actor and poet, -1808. 

Collins. Jno. Churton : English man of letters and 

professor of English literature. 1848-1908. 
Collins, Mortimer : Eng. miscellaneous wr., 1827-76, 
Collins, Nap. ; American rear-admiral, 1814-1875. 
Collins, Pat. A. : Irish -American politician and 

consul-general, -1905. 
Collins, Rich. : English draughtsman, -1732. 
Collins, Rich. : Eng. miniature painter, 1755-1831. 
Collins, Rich. Henn, Lord Collins : Irish judge, 1842- 

1911. 
Collins, Sam.: Provost of King's College, Cambridge, 

1576-1651. 
Collins, Sam. ; Eng. physician and author, 1619-1670. 
Collins, Sam. : English physician, 1617-1686. 
Collins, Sam. : English anatomist, 1618-1710. 
Collins, Sam. : English miniature painter, fl. l'750-50. 
Collins, Sam., ' The bard of Hale Moss ' : English 

politician and Lancashire poet, 1802-1878. 
Collins, Thos. : English poet, fl. 1615. 
Collins, Thos. : Governor of Delaware, 1732-1789. 
Collins, Thos. Wharton : Amer. jurist, 1812-1879. 
Collins, Wm. : English poet, 1721-1759. 
Collins, Wm. : English modeller, -1793. 

Collins, Wm., R.A. : English landscape and figure 

painter, 1787-1847. 
Collins, Wm. Edw. : Bp. of Gibraltar, 1867-1911. 
Collins, Wm. Lucas : Eng. miscell. wr., 1817-1887. 
Collins, Wm. Wilkie : English novelist, ' The Woman 

in White,' 1824-1889. 
Collins, Zaccheus : Amer. philanthropist, 1764-1831. 
Collinson, Jas. : English pamter, 1823*-18S1. 
Collinson, Jno. : Eng. div. and topographer, 1757*-93. 
Collinson, Pet., F.R.S. : English naturalist and 

antiquary, 1694-1768. 
Collinson, Sir Rich. : British admiral, 1811-1883. 
Collinson, Septimus : Provost of Queen's College, 

Oxford, 1739-1827. 
Collinus (am Biiel), Rud. : Swiss philol., 1499-1518. 
Collipulle : Araucanian cacique, -1576. 

Collis, Jno. Day : Irish educational writer, 1816-79. 
Collins, Frang., of Milan : writer, ' De Animabus 

Paganorum,' -1640. 
Collop, Jno. : Eng. Royalist, fl. 1660. 
Collot : See also Colot. 

Collot, Germain : French surgeon, fl. 1461-1480. 
Collot, Vict. : French explorer, 1751 '-1805. 
Collot d'Herbois, Jean Marie : Fr. revol., 1750-1796. 
Collyer, Jos., the Elder: English compiler and 

translator, -1776. 
Collyer, Jos., the Younger : Eng. engrav., 1748-1827. 
CoUyer, Mary : English authoress, -1763. 
Collyer, Rob. : English-American Unitarian divine, 

' The Blacksmith Preacher,' 1823-1912. 
Collyer, Wm. Bengo : English Nonconformist divine 

and religious writer, 1782-1854. 
Colman : See also Coleman. 



131 



COLMAN 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



COLWILL 



Colman, of Cloyne : saint, 522-600. 

Colman, St. ; Irish monk and Bishop of Lindisfarne, 

-676. 
Colman, Ben : American divine, 1673-1747. 
Colman, Ela or EIo : Irish saint, 553-610. 
Colman, Geo., the Elder : English dramatist and 

essayist, 1732-1794. 
Colman, Geo., the Younger : Bng. dram., 1762-1836. 
Colman, Hy. : Amer. agricultural writer, 1785-1849. 
Colman, Walter ; English poet, -1645. 
Colmai, Jos. Ludw. : German bishop, 1760-1818. 
Colnaghi, Dom. Paul : English art connoisseur, 1790- 

1879. 
Colnaghi, Mart. Hy. : English picture dealer and 

collector, 1821-1908. 
Colnaghi, Paul: Italian-English print dealer, 

1751-1833. 
Coloccl (Coluccius or Collutius), Angiolo : Bishop of 

Nocera and Latin poet, 1467-1549. 
Colocolo : Molucho or Araucanian Cacique, 1515*-61. 
Colocotronis, Theod. : Greek general, 1770-1843. 
Cologne, Pet. de : Prot. min. at Metz, -1558. 
Coloman : King of Hungary, 1070-1116. 
Colomb, Brmo von : Germ. gen. and mil. vrr., 1812-86. 
Coloml), Sir Jno. Chas. Heady : English writer on 

imperial defence and politician, 1838-1909. 
Colomb, Phil. Howard : British admiral, liistorian, 

critic and inventor, 1831-1899. 
Colomba, Jac, Marq. de : Imp. general, fl. 1689-1702. 
Colombanl or Columbani, Orazlo : Italian monk and 

musical composer, fl. 1576-1593. 
Colombanus, St. : Irish saint, 540''-615. 
Colombel, Nich. : French painter, 1646-1717. 
Colombier, Pierre Bertrand de : French cardinal and 

diplomatist, 1299-1361. 
Colombiire, Claude de la : Fr. Jesuit, 1611-1682. 
Colombinl, St. Jno. : monastic founder, -1367. 
Colombo, Dom. : Italian poet, 1749-1813. 
Colomboni, Angiol Maria : Ital. painter, 1608-1672. 
Colomies (Colomesius), Paul: French Protestant 

savant, 1638-1692. 
Colon!, Hend. Adriaan : Dutch painter in London, 

1668-1701. 
Colonia, Adam : Dutch painter in London, 1634-1685. 
Colonna, iElgidio : Italian theologian, -1316. 
Colonna, Angelo Michele : Ital. painter, 1600-1687. 
Colonna, Ant. : Prince of Salerno and Duke of 

Amalfl, fl. 1419-1431. 
Colonna, Ascanius ; Italian cardinal and collector of 

books, 1560*-1608. 
Colonna, Fabio : Italian philosopher, 1667*-1650. 
Colonna, Fabrizio : Italian general, -1520. 
Colonna, Filippi Aless. : Grand Constable of Ifaples, 

1663-1714. 
Colonna, Pra Franc. : Venet. Dominican, 1449-1527. 
Colonna, Franc. Maria Pompeo : Italian botanist, 

' Natural History of the Universe,' 1649*-1726. 
Colonna, Glov. ; Italian cardinal, -1245. 
Colonna, Giov. : Archbishop of Messina, -1285*. 
Colonna, Giov. Paolo : Italian composer of church 

music and teacher, 1637*-1695. 
Colonna, Girolamo, ' Hier. Columna ' : Italian philolo- 
gist, 1534-1586. 
Colonna, Guido Giudice delle : Italian judge and 

historian, -1292*. 
Colonna, Jac. ; Italian cardinal, -1318. 
Colonna, Lor. Onofrlo : Viscount of Aragon and 

Naples, -1689. 
Colonna, Marco Ant. ; Italian general, -1522. 
Colonna, Marco Ant. : ItaUan general, -1584. 
Colonna, Mario : Italian poet, 1540*- 
Colonna, Mich. Angelo : Italian painter, 1600-1687. 
Colonna, Ottone : See Martin V., Pope. 
Colonna, Pompeo : Italian cardinal, ' De Laudlbus 

Muliebrum,' -1532. 
Colonna, Prospero : ItaUan general, 1452-1523. 
Colonna, Sciarra : Gov. of Palestrina, fl. 1299-1328. 
Colonna, Steph. ; Count of Pomagna, -1347. 
'Colonna, Vittorla : Marchioness of Pescara and 

poetess, 1490-1547. 
Colonne, Jules Edouard : Fr. mus. cond., 1838-1910. 
Colonsay, Lord : See MacNeill, Duncan. 
Colorlbus, Jno. de : Dom. friar in Eng., fl. 1517-1525. 
Colot or Collot, FranQ. ; French Uthotomist and 

physician, -1706. 
Colot or Collot, Germain : French surgeon and Utho- 
tomist, fl. 1461-1480. 



Colot, Lawr. ; French lithotoraist, fl. 1550. 
Colot, Phil. : French Uthotomist, 1593-1656. 
Colotes : sculptor of Paros, fl. b.o. 444. 
Colotes : Epicurean philosopher, fl. B.C. 277. 
Colpoys, SU- Jno. : British adnural, 1742*-1821. 
Oolquhoun, Arch. Campbell ; Lord Clerk Register, 

-1820. 
Colquhoun, Arch. Ross : British colonial admini- 
strator, traveller and publicist, 1843-1914. 
Colquhoun, Janet, Lady : Eng. rel. wr., 1781-1846. 
Colquhoun, Jno. : Scot, theological wr., 1748-1827. 
Colquhoun, Jno. : Scot, writer on sport, 1805-1885. 
Colquhoun, Jno. CampbeU : Scottish writer on 

physical research, 1785-1854, 
Colquhoun, Jno. Campbell : Scot, miscell.wr., 1803-70. 
Colquhoun, Pat. ; Scottish magistrate and statist, 

1745-1820. 
Colquhoun, Sir Pat. Macchombaich : English 

diplomatist, oarsman and author, 1815-1891. 
Colquhoun, Wm. Jarvis ; Australian naval officer, 

1859-1908. 
Colquitt, Alf. Holt : Amer. statesman, 1824- 
Colquitt, Walter T. : American lawyer, 1799-1855. 
Colrane, Hy. Hare, Lord : Scottish writer and book 

collector, 1693-1749. 
Colson, Jno., P.R.S. : Bng. mathem,, 1680-1760. 
Colson, Lancelot : English astrologer, fl. 1688. 
Colston, Edw. : benefactor of Bristol, 1636-1721. 
Colt (Coult), Max. : Flem. sculp, in Eng., fl. 1600-18. 
Colt, Sam. ; Amer. inv. of the revolver. 1814-1862. 
ColtelUni, Celeste (Mrae M6ricofre) ; Italian vocalist, 

1764-1817. 
Colton, Calvin : American divine, 1789-1857. 
Colton, Chaa. Caleb : English author of ' Lacon,' 

1780*-1832.. 
Colton, Gardner Quincy : Amer. scient., 1814-1898. 
Colton, Geo. Hooker : American author, 1818-1847. 
Colton, Jno. : Archbishop of Armagh, -1404. 
Colton, Sir Jno. : Premier of S. Australia, 1823-1902. 
Colton, Walter : American author, 1797-1851. 
Coluccio : See Salutato. 

Columba, St. : Irish fndr. of the Culdees, 621-597. 
Columban, St. : Irish saint and writer and Abbot of 

LuxeuU and Bobbio, 543-615. 
Columbani, Placido : Italian-English architectural 

designer, 18th century. 
Columbus, Christopher : Genoese discoverer of 

America, 1446*-1606. 
Columbus, Diego : Spanish admiral, 1474-1526. 
Columbus, Ferd. : Span. biog. and geog., 1488-1539. 
Columbus, Realdus : Italian anatomist, -1577*. 
ColumeUa, Lucius Junius Moderatus : Roman agri- 
cultural writer, 1st century. 
Columna, Guy : Sicilian chronicler, fl. 1287. 
Coluthus : Greek epic poet, fl. a.d. 500*. 
Colve (Colvius), Peter : Flem. litterateur, 1567-1594. 
Colver, Nath. : American divine, 1794-1870. 
ColvUe (Coldewel), Geo. : Bng. translator, fl. 1556. 
Oolvlle, Sir Hy. Edw. : English general, traveller 

and writer, 1852-1907. 
Colvile, Sir Jas. Wm. : Anttlo-Indian judge, 1810-80. 
ColvlU (Colvllle), Alex. : Irish Presbyterian minister 

and physician, 1700-1777. 
Colville, Alex. : Scottish judge, 1530*-1597. 
Colvllle, Alex. : Scot. Episcopal divme, 1620-1676. 
ColvUle, Alex., Lord : Brit, vice-admiral, 1710*-1770. 
ColvUle, Sir Chas. : British general, 1770-1843. 
Colville, Bliz., Lady Colvllle of Culross : Scottish 

poetess, fl. 1603. 
ColvUle, Sir Jas. : Scottish Lord of Session and 

diplomatist, -1540*. 

ColvUle, Sir Jas. Wm. : Anglo-Indian chief-justice, 

1810-1880. 
ColvUle, Jno, ; Scot, divme, wr. and pol,, 1540*-1605, 
ColvUle (Colvill), Wm, : Principal of Edinburgh 

University, -1675, 

Colvin, Sir Auckland ; An?lo-Indian and- Egyptian 

administrator, 1838-1908, 
Colvin, Jno. Russell : Anglo-Ind, admin,, 1807-1857. 
Colvin-Smith, Sir Colvin : Brit, surg,-gen., 1829-1913. 
Colvius, And. : Dutch poet and book collector, 

1594-1671. 
Colvius, Mch. : Dutch divine, 1634-1717. 
Colvocoresses, Geo. Musalas ; Grk. nav. capt., 1816-72. 
ColwaU, Dan. : English philanthropist, -1690. 
ColweU, Steph. : American author, 1800-1872, 
ColwiU, Alex. : See Colvllle. 



132 



COLYAR 



DICTIONAEY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



CONDE 



Colyar, Arth. St. Clair : American lawyer, 1818- 

Colyear, Sir Dav. : Ist Earl of Portmore, -1730. 

Colyngham, Ihos. : Scot. Cistercian monk, fl. 1387. 

Colyns, Jean Bapt.: Belg. viol, and conip.. 1834-1902. 

Co man, Kath. : Amer. econ. and educat., 1857-1915. 

Combe, And. : Scottish physiologist and phreno- 
logUt, 1797-1847. 

Combe, Chas., F.U.S. : English classical scholar and 
numismatist, 1743-1817. 

Combe, Geo. : Scottish phrenologist, ' Constitution of 
Man,' 1788-1858. 

Combe, Harvey Christ.: English politician and 
founder of brewery, 1752-1818. 

Combe, Taylor, F.E,.S. : English numismatist and 
archaeologist, 1774-1826. 

Combe, Thos. : English director of Clarendon Press, 
1797-1872. 

Combe, Wm., ' Dr. Syntax ' : Eng. writer, 1741-1823. 

Combefi5(ins), Fran?. : French Dominican and 
Hellenist, 1605-1679. 

Comber, Thos. : Master of Trinity College, Cam- 
bridge, 1675-1654. 

Comber, Thos. : Dean of Durham, 1645-1699. 

Comberford (Comerford, Quemerford), Nich. . Irish 
Jesuit, 1544*-1599. 

Combermere, Viscount : See Cotton, Sir Stapleton. 

Combes, Chas. P.M. : Fr. mining engin., 1801-1872. 

Combes, Louis : French publicist, 1822-1881. 

Combes-Dounous, Jean Jacques : French litterateur, 
1758-1820. 

Comegys, Corn. Geo. : American physn., 1816-1896. 

Comegys, Jos. Parsons : American senator, 1813-93. 

Comenius (£!omensky), Joh. Amos : Moravian 
philologist, 1592-1671. 

Comer, Jno. ; American divine, 1704-1734. 

Comer, Thos. : American actor, 1790-1862. 

Comerford, Jno. : Irish miniature pntr., 1762*-1832*. 

Comes, Juan Bautista : Spanish musician and com- 
poser, 1560*-1643*. 

Comes, Natalls : See Conti. Koel. 

Comet, Chas. Jean Bapt. : French physn., 1796-1869. 

Comettant, Jean Pierre Oscar : French pianist, com- 
poser and writer on music, 1819-1898. 

Comgall (Congel), St.: monastic founder, 616-601. 

Comiers, Claude : French mathematician, -1693. 

Comin (Comines, Cumin), Rob. de : Earl of North- 
umberland, -1069. 

Comitolo, Napoleone : Italian bishop. 1644-1624. 

Comitolo, Paul : Italian Jesuit and theol., 1646-1626. 

Comly, Jno. : American author, 1774-1860. 

Commager, Hy. S. : American soldier, 1825*-1867. 

Comman of Ross-Commain, St., fl. 550. 

Commandine, Fred. : Itahan mathem., 1509-1575. 

Commelin, Isaac : Dutch historian, 1598-1676. 

Commelin, Jan : Dutch botanist, 1629-1692. 

Commelin, Jerome : French printer, -1698. 

Commelin, Gaspar : French botanist, 1667-1731. 

Commendone, Giov. Franc. : Italian cardinal and 
Latin poet, 1524-1684. 

Commer, Franz : German organist and editor of 
music, 1813-1887. 

Commerell, Sir Jno. Edm. : Brit, admiral, 1829-1901. 

Commerson, Philibert : French physician and bot- 
anist, 1727-1773. 

Commines, Phil, de, ' The famous Knight of Hainault ' : 
French historian and soldier, 1445*-1511*. 

Commire, Jean : French Jesuit and Latin poet, 1625- 
1702. 

Commius : amb. from Caesar to Britons, fl. B.C. 57-51 

Commodianus, of Gaza : Christian Latin poet, ' In- 
stitutiones,' fl. 250. 

Commodo, Andrea : Ital. hist, painter, 1560-1638. 

Commodus, Lucius MVas Auielius (Marcus AntO' 
nmus) : Boman emperor, 161-192. 

Commodus, L. Ceionius : adopted by Hadrian, -138. 

Commodus, L. Verus : Roman emperor, -169. 

Common, And. Ainslie, F.R.S. : English astronomer, 
1841-1903. 

Comnena, Comnenus : See Alexis, Alexius, Anna 
Andronicus. 

Comnena, Comnenus : See David, Isaac, John 
Manuel. 

Como, Fra Emanuel da : Italian historical painter. 
1625*-1701. 

Comodi or Commodo, And. . Florentine historical 
painter, 1660-1638. 

Comonlort, Ignacio : Mcx. sold, and pol., 1812-1863. 



133 



Comonfort, Tgnacio : Mexican commander-in-chief, 

1812-1863. 
CompSre, Loyset : French mus. comp., -1518. 
Compostela, Diego Eveline de : Bishop of Cuba and 

Florida, 1668-1704. 
Compotista (Computista), Rog. . English monk and 

prior, fl. 1360*. 
Compte-Calix, Fran?. Claudius : Fr. pntr., 1815-1880. 
Compton, Alwyne I'red. : Bp. of Ely, 1826-1906. 
Compton, Hy. : Bishop of London, 1632-1713. 
Compton, Hy. (Mackenzie, Chas.) : English comedian, 

1806-1877. 
Compton, Sir Herb. Abingdon D. : Anglo-Indian 

judge, 1770-1846. 
Compton, Spencer, Earl of Northampton : Rj-)valist, 

1601-1643. 
Compton, Spencer : Earl of WUmington, 1673*-1743. 
Compton, Spencer J. A. : 2nd Marquis of Northamp- 
ton, 1790-1851. 
Compton, alias Carlefon, Thos. : English Jesuit, 

1693«-1666. 
Compton, Sir "Wm. : English soldier, 1482*-l.'i28. 
Compton, Sk Wm. : English Royalist, 1625-1663. 
Compton, Wm. Geo. Spencer Scott, 5th Marquis of 

Northampton ; philanthropist, 1851-1913. 
Comrie, Alex. : Scottish theol. writer, 1708-1774. 
Comstock, And. : American elocutionist, 1795- 
Comstock, Jno. Lee : American author, 1789-1858. 
Gomte, Achille Jos. : French naturalist, 1802-1866. 
Comte, Aug. : French philosopher and founder of 

Comtism or Positivism, 1798-1857. 
Comte, Franc. Chas. Louis ; French publicist, 1782- 

1837. 
Comte, Louis le : Jesuit miss, to China, -1729. 
Comte, Nich. de : French monk and wr., 16.50*-1689, 
Comyn, Alex. : 2nd Earl of Buchan, -1289. 
Comyn, Jno. : Archbishop of Dublin, -1212. 
Comyn, Jno. ; justiciar of Galloway, -1247. 

Comyn, Jno., the elder : Scottish baron and claimant 

to Scottish throne, -1300 •. 

Comyn, Jno., the younger, ' Tlie Red ' : joint guardian 

of Scotland, -1306. 

Comyn, Jno. : 3rd Earl of Buchan, -1313*. 
Comyn, Su- Rob. Buckley : Eng. judge, 1792-1853. 
Comyn, Walter : Earl of Menteith, -1258. 

Comyns, Sir Jno. : English judge, ' Digest of English 

Law,' -1740. 
Conffius : See Conn, Geo, 
Conan I. : Duke of Britauny, -992. 
Conan IL : Duke of Britanny, 1040-1066. 
Conan IIL : Duke of Britanny, 1089-1148. 
Conan IV. : Duke of Britanny, 1137*-1171. 
Conant, Hannah O'Brien Chaplin : American 

authoress, 1809-1865. 
Conant, Jasper : American artist, 1821- 
Conant, Jno. : Rector of Exeter Coll., Oxf ., 1608-94. 
Conant, Jno. ; American manufacturer, -1850. 

Conant, Rog. ; Eng. pioneer in America, 1593-1679. 
Conant, Thos. Jeff. : Amer. Bibl. scholar, 1802-1891. 
Conca, Seb. : Italian painter, 1679-1764. 
Coneanen, Luke : 1st R.C. Bp. of N.Y.. -1810. 
Concanen. Matth. : Irish pol. wr. and poet, 1701-49. 
Concha, Jos6 Gutierrez de la. Marquis of Havana : 

Spanish general, 1809- 
Concha, Manuel : Span. gen. and amb., 1808-1895. 
Concha, Man. Gutierrez de la : Marquis of Havana ; 

Spanish statesman. 1803-1874. 
Concha Toro, Melch. : Chilian statesman, 1826-1885. 
Concina, Dan. : Italian Dominican theologian and 

writer, 1686-1766. 
Concini, Concino, or Marshal D'Ancre : ItaUan 

adventurer. Marshal of France and statesman 
-1617. 
Concone, Guis. : Italian musical composer and 

teaclier, 1810-1861. 
Condamine, Chas. Marie de la : French traveller and 

geographer, 1701-1774. 
Condi, Henry I., Prince of, 1562-1588. 
Cond6, Henry II., Prmce of: renounced Protestant- 
ism, Minister of State, 1688-1646. 
Condfi, Hen. Jules, Prince of : Fr. general, 1643-1709 
Condi, Jno. : Fr. engrav. ia England, fl. 1785-1800 
Condi, Josi Ant. : Spanish Orientalist, 1766-1820. 
Condi, Louis, 1st Prince of : Huguenot, 1630-1669. 
Condi, Louis. 2nd Prince of, ' The Great," Due 

d'Enghien : French general and rebel, 1621-1686 
Condi, Louis Jos., Prince of ; Fr. general, 1736-1818 



COND^ 



DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



CONSTABLE 



Cond6, Louise Adelaide, Marcliioness of : nun, 

1757-1824. 
Condell, Hy. : Englisti actor and Shalcspearean 

editor, -1627. 
Condell, Hj'. : Ens;, viol, and composer, 1767-1824. 
Conder, Chas. ; English painter, 1868-1909. 
Conder, Claude Reignler : English Altaic scholar and 

Palestine explorer, 1848-1910. 
Conder, Jas. : English numismatist, 1763-182;i, 
Conder. Jno. : EnglLsli Dissentnig divine, 1714-1781. 
Conder, Josiah : English bookseller and author, 

1789-1855. 
Condict, Ira : American divine, 1764-1811. 
Condict, Jno. : American senator, 1755-1834. 
Condict, Lew. : American congressman, 1773-1862. 
Condict, Silas : American congressman, 1777-1,'!61. 
Gondie, Dav. Fes. : American physician, 1796-1875. 
Condillac, Steph. Bonuot de : Fr. metaph., 1715-80. 
Condivi, Ascanio : Ital. pntr. and sculptor, 1520- 
Condlsd, of Kildare : biahop and saint, -520. 
Condorcanqui, Jos6 Gabriel : American Spaniard rebel, 

fl. 1780. 
Condorcet, Marie Jean Ant. Nic. Caritat, Marquis of : 

French metaph., raathem. and revol., 1743-1794. 
Condren, Chas. de ; French oratorian, 1588-1641. 
Conduitt, Jno. : Eng. Master of the Mint, 1688-1737. 
Condy (Cundy), Mch. : Eng. painter, 1793*-1867. 
Cone, Spencer Houghton : Amer. divine, 1785-1855. 
Conecte, Tho3.de: Fr. Carmelite preacher, -1434. 
Conegliano, 11., * Giov. Bat. Cima ' : Italian painter, 

1460-1517*. 
Conei or Cowne, Geo. ; Scottish Roman Catholic, 

' Life of Mary Stuart,' -1640. 
Conestaggio, Hier. Franchi de : Archbishop of 

Capua, -1635. 
Coney, Elliot : American ornithologist, 1842-1899. 
Coney, Jabez : American manufacturer, 1805-1872. 
Coney, Jno. : English engraver and draughtsman, 

1786-1833. 
Confalonleri, Federioo, Ct. ; Ital. revol., 1785-1846. 
Conforti) Giov. Luca : Italian singer and musical 

composer, 1560*- 
Contucius : Chinese philosopher, B.C. 551*-47S. 
Congallus I., Conall : one of the kings of Argyll and 

the Isles, fi. 511-635*. 
Congallus H., Conall, son of Congallus I. . King of 

Scots of Dalriada, fl. 557-574. 
Congallus III., Conall Crandonna ; King of Scots 

of Dalriada, 642-660. 
Congar, Sam. Haves : Amer. antiq., 1796-1872. 
Congdon, Chas. Taber : Amer. journ., 1821-1891. 
Conger, Omar D. : American senator, 1818-1898. 
Congleton, Baron : See Parnell, Hy. Brooke. 
Congnet, Louis Hen. : Fr. gram, and abb6, 1795-1870. 
Congreve, Kich. : English Positivist and miscellaneous 

writer, 1818-1899. 
Congreve, Wra. ; English dramatist and poet, • The 

Mourning Bride,' etc., 1670-1729. 
Congreve, Sir Wm. ; English soldier and inventor of 

rockets, 1772-1828. 
Coningham, Jas. : English Presbyterian divine, 1670- 

1716. 
Coningsburgh, Edm. ; Archbp. of Armagh, fl. 1479. 
Coningsby, Sir Harry : Eng. translator, fl. 1664. 
Coningsby, Sir Thos. : English soldier and diarist, 

-1625. 
Coningsby, Thos., Ist Earl : politician, 1656*-1729. 
Coningsby, Sir Wm. : English judge, -1540*. 
Conington, Pes. Thirkill : Eng. chemist, 1826-1863. 
Conington, Jno. : Eng. classical scholar, 1825-1869. 
Conkling, Alf. : American jurist, 1789-1874. 
Conkling, Marg. Cockburn : American authoress, 

1814-1890. 
Conkling, Eoscoe : Amer. pol. and lawyer, 1829-88. 
Conn ot the Hundred Battles : Kg.of Ireland, -157. 
Conn (Connaeus), Geo. : Scot. R.C. envoy, -1640. 
Conn, Leopold : Austrian stenographer, 1820-1876. 
Conn-na-Mbocht, ' Conn of the Paupers ' : head of the 

Culdees and Bishop of Clonmacnois, -1059. 
Conneau, Hen. : .French physician, 1805-1877. 
Connel, Sh Jno. : Scottish advocate, 1765*-1831. 
Connellan, Owen : Irish scholar, 1800-1869. 
Connellan, Thad. : Irish scholar, -1854. 
Connelly, Jno. : B.C. Bishop of New York, 1750-1825. 
Connemara, Bar. : See Bourke. 
Conner, Dav. : Commandant of Philadelphia Navy- 
Yard, 1792-1856. 



Conner, Hy. W. : American politician, 1793-1866. 
Conner, Jas. : American type-founder, 1798- 
Conner, Jas. : Amer. brigadier-general, 1829-1883. 
Conner, Sam. Shepard : Amer. soldier, 1783*-1820. 
Connolly, Jno. : American physician, 1750*- 
Connor (O'Connor), Bern., F.E.S. : Irish physician 

and historian, 1666-1698. 
Connor, Chas. : Irish comedian, -1826. 
Connor, Charl. Mary S. B. : Amer. actress, -1863. 
Connor, Edm. Sheppard : Amer. actor, 1809-1891. ' 
Connor, Geo. Hy. : Dean of Windsor, 1822-1883. 
Connor, SkefBngton : American jurist, 1810-1863. 
Conny, Rob. : English physician, 1645*-1713. 
ConoUy, Arth. : Anglo-Indian soldier, 1807-1842*. 
Conolly, Edw. Barry : Anglo-Indian sold., 1808-1840. 
ConoIIy, Erskine : Scottifli poet, 1796-1843. 
ConoUy, Hy. Valentine : Anglo-Indian Civil servant, 

1806-1856. 
Conolly, Jno. : Irish alienist and writer on the insane, 

1794-1866. 
ConoUy, Jno. Balfour : Anglo-Ind. soldier, -1842. 
ConoUy, Thos. : Irish poUticlan, 1738-1803. 
ConoUy, Wm. : Speaker of the Irish House of 

Commons, -1729. 
Conon : Athenian commander, -B.C. 390*. 
Conon : Athenian mathematician and astronomer, 

fl. B.C. 283-222. 
Conon : Itom. gram, and mythographer, 1st cent. B.C. 
Conon : Pope of Home, -687. 
Conon (Queues) ; poet and captain, -1221. 
Conover, Thos. A. : Amer. nav. ofllcer, 1794-1864. 
Conquest, Geo. Aug. (Oliver) : English actor and 

theatrical manager, 1837-1901. 
Conquest, Jno. Tricker : English physician and 

accoucheur, 1789-1866. 
Conrad I., Ct. of Franconia : Kg. of Germany, -918 . 
Conrad II., ' The Salic ' : Emperor of (Jermany, 

990*-1039. 
Conrad III. : Emperor of Germany, 1093-1152. 
Conrad IV. : Emperor of Germany, 1228-1254. 
Conrad, ' The Red Duke of Lorraine,' -955. 
Conrad or Conradin : son of Conrad IV. of Germany 

and King of Jerusalem and Sicily, 1262-1268. 
Conrad, Marq. of Montferrat : Crusader, -1191. 
Conrad, ' The Philosopher ' : Benedictine, -1241. 
Conrad, of Heresbach : Flemish philologist and theo- 
logian, 1496-1676. 
Conrad, of Marburg : German Inquisitor, 1180*-1233. 
Conrad, of Wttrzburg : German Minnesinger and poet, 

-1287. 
Conrad or Coenrads, Abr. ; Dutch engraver and 

designer, 1620*- 
Conrad, Chas. M. : American statesman, 1804-1878. 
Conrad, Jul. : German philologist, -1861. 
Conrad, Rob. F. : American lawyer, 1810-1858. 
Conrad, Tim. Abbott : Amer. naturalist, 1803-1877. 
Conrad, Wm. : American divhie, 1808-1865. 
Conradl, Aug. : Germ. org. and comp., 1821-1873. 
Conradi, Franz Karl : German jurist and philologist, 

1701-1748. 
Conradi, Herm., ' Hermann Costo ' : German poet 

and man of letters, 1862-1890. 
Conradi, Joh. Geo. ; German musician and composer, 

fl. 1691-1693. 
Conradi, Joh. Ludw. . German jurist and philologist, 

1780-1785. 
Conradi, Joh. Wilh. Hein. : Germ, physn., 1780-1861. 
Conradin: pseudo-King of Two Sicilies, 1251*-1268. 
Conrart, Val. : fdr. of the Fr. Academy, 1603-1676. 
Conri, Florence : Irish friar and theol.. 1660*-1629. 
Conried, Hein. ; German-American opera director, 

1854-1909. 
Conring(lus), Herm. : German jurist, antiquary and 

philosopher, 1606-1681. 
Conroy, Florence : Archbishop of Tuam, 1561-1629. 
Conroy, Jno. Jos. : R.C. Bp. of New York, 1819-96. 
Consalvl, Ercole : Italian cardinal and statesman, 

1767-1824. 
Conscience, Henrik : Flemish novelist, 1812-1883. 
Consentlus : grammarian of Constantinople, fl. 450*. 
Consentlus, Rudolf Otto : Germ, actor, 1813-1887. 
Consetti, Ant. : Ital. historical painter, 1686-1766. 
Considirant, Vict. Prosper : Fr. socialist, 1808-1893. 
Const, Pes. : English legal writer, 1751-1839. 
Constablle della Staila, Giau Carlo : Italian archse- 

ologist, 1824-1877. 
Constable, Arch. ; Scottish publisher, 1774-1827. 



134 



CONSTABLE 



DICTIONARY OP UNIVERSAL BIOGRAPHY 



COOK 



Constable, Arch. Dav.: Scottish printer and antiquary, 

1843-1915. 
Constable, Cuthbert ; Englisli antiquary, -1746. 
Constable, Hy. : Englisli poet, 1562-1613. 
Constable, Hy. : Viscount Dunbar, -1645. 
Constable, Jno. : Eng. epigrammatist, fl. 1520. 
Constable, Jno. : Englisli Jesuit, 1676*-1744. 
Constable, Jno., R.A. : English landscape painter, 

1776-1837. 
Constable, Sir Marmadulce : Eng. warrior, 1455 '-ISIS. 
Constable, Sir Rob. : one of the leaders of the 

Pilgrimage of Grace, 1478*-1537. 
Constable, Thos. : Scottish printer and publisher, 

1812-1881. 
Constable, Sir Thos. Hugh Clifford: English topo- 
grapher and botanist, 1762-1823. 
Constable, Sir Wra. : English regicide, -1656. 
Constance : Queen of Two Sicilies, 1146*-1198. 
Constance, of Brittany : mother of Prince Arthur, 

-1201. 
Constans I. : Emperor of Rome (337-50), 320-350. 
Constans II. : Roman Emperor of the East (641-668), 

630-668. 
Constans, Jean Antoine Ern. . French statesman 

and diplomatist, 1833-1913. 
Constant, Dav. : Swiss philologist, 1638-1733. 
Constant, Jean Jos. Ben. ; Fr. painter, 1845-1902. 
Constant-Duteux, Simon Claude: French architect, 

1801-1871. 
Constant de Rebecque, Dav. . Swiss Protestant 

theologian, 1638-1733. 
Constant de Rebecque, Hen. Ben. : French orator, 

statesman and writer, 1767-1830, 
Constant! (Constantius), Ant. : Ital. savant, 1436-90. 
Cbnstantils, Walter de : See Coutances, Walter de. 
Constantln, Rob.: Fr. physn. and lexicog.,1530*-1605. 
Constantino I., ' The Great ' : Emperor of Rome (306- 

'37), 288»-337. 
Constantine II. : emperor (337-40), 317-340. 
Constantino III. : emperor (641), 612-641. 
Constantine IV., ' Pogonatus * or ' Barbatus ' • em- 
peror (668-85). 648-685. 
Constantine V., ' Copronymus' : emperor (741-75), 

718-775. 
Constantine VI. : emperor (780-97), 771-797*. 
Constantine VII., ' Porphyrogenitus ' : emperor (911- 

59), 905-959. 
Constantine VIII. : emperor (944-5), -947. 
Constantine IX. : emperor (976-1028), 961-1028. 
Constantine X., ' Itfonomaclius ' : emperor (1042-54), 

1000»-1064. 
Constantine XL, ' Ducas ' : emperor (1059-67), 

1007*-1067. 
Constantine XII., ' Ducas ' : emperor (1067-78), 

-1078(82). 
Constantine XIII., ' Palaeologus ' : emperor (1448- 

53), 1394-1453. 
Constantine, ' The Tyrant ' : usurping Emperor of 

Britain, -411. 
Constantine: Pope (708-15), -716. 
Constantine I. : Kg. of Scotland or Alba, -879. 
Constantine II. : Kg. of Scotland or Alba, -952. 
Constantine III. : King of Scotland, -997. 
Constantine Mao Fergus : Kg. of the Picts, -820. 
Constantine, ' The African ' ; Orientalist and 

physician, -1087. 

Constantine : Grand Prince of Russia, 1779-1831. 
Constantine Constantinovitch : Russian Grand Duke, 

poet, dramatist and musician, 1858-1915. 
Constantine Nlcolai6vich : Grand Duke of Russia, 

1827-1892. 
Constantine Pavlovioh : Grand Duke and Czarevich 

of Russia, 1779-1831. 
Constantine, Ant. : physician at Lyons, -1616. 
Constantine, Geo. : Eng. Prot. reformer, 1601*-1559. 
Constantine, Rob. : French scholar, ' Lexicon Graeco- 

Latinum,' -1605. 
Constantius I., ' Chlorus" : Emperor of Rome